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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 16

Railway Surveys
Railway Surveys. The Surveying Operations Requisite To And Preceding The Construction Of A Railway Are In General A Reconnaissance, A Pre Liminary Survey, And A Locating Survey Or Loca Tion. The Reconnaissance Is A General And Some What Hasty Examination Of The Country Through Which The Proposed Road Is To ...

Railway Traffic
Railway Traffic. Passenger Service On Steam Railways Was Inaugurated On October 10, 1825, On The Stockton And Darlington Road With A Passenger Car Called The Experiment, Which Car Ried Inside And Outside About 25 Passengers. The Distance Run Was 12 Miles, And The Fare Was One Shilling, Each Passenger Being ...

Rain Gauge
Rain Gauge. An Apparatus To Catch The Rain And Measure Its Equivalent Depth On The Ground At Any Place. The Simplest Rain Gauge Consists Of A Vertical Cylinder, Into Which One May Dip A Graduated 'tick And Read Off The Depth Of The Collected Water. Such An Instru Ment Is ...

Rain As
Rain (as. Regn, Run, Goth. Rign, Ohg. Vegan, Ger. Regen, Rain; Connected With Lat. Rigarc, Gk. Ppozetv, Breehein, To Wet). Drops Of Water Formed In The Atmosphere By The Condensa Tion Of Its Aqueous Vapor And Falling Rapidly By Virtue Of Their Weight: The Very Small Drops That Fall Slowly ...

Rainbow As
Rainbow (a.s. Regnboga, Reuboqa; Od G. Regan-bogo: Ger. Regenbogcn, From Reqen, Rail), And Boga, Bow). The Term Applied To The Are Of Prismatic Colors Which At Times Is Seen When The Sun Or Moon Is Shining While It Is Raining. It Always Is Seen In The Part Of The Heavens ...

Raisins Of
Raisins (of. Raisin. Reisin. Fr. Raisin, It. Racemo, Grape, Dried Grape, Cluster Of Grapes, From Lat. Racemus, Cluster Of Grapes: Connected With Gk. /3c4;, Hula-, Berry). The Dried Fruit Of The Grape. Raisin Grapes Are Usually The Product Of Warm Climates And Contain From 28 To 30 Per Cent, Of ...

Rajatar
Rajatar A G Ginl 'j ( Skt., River Of Kings). A Work Of The Poet And Historian Kalhana. In Eight Cantos With A Total Of About S000 Verses It Tells The Histories Of The Various Dynasties Which Ruled Kashmir From The Earliest (mythic) Period Down To The Time Of The ...

Rajpittana
Rajpittana, Ritypu6-ill'ita. A Division Of British India Consisting Wholly Of Native States With The Exception Of The Small Enclave Of Ajmere Llerwara (q.v.), Which Is Under British Admin Istration (map: India. B 3). The Division Is Bounded On The North By The Punjab. On The East By The United Provinces ...

Rakshasa
Rakshasa, Rnuk'sh5-sa (skt. Raksas, Rah• Soaa, Demon, Probably From Ralq:, To Injure, Hard Ly From Rak5., To Protect, Word Off). In Hindu Mythology, The Name Of The Principal Class Of Demons. The Rakshasas Play An Important Part In The Religion Of India From The Vedic Period To The Present Time. ...

Raleigh
Raleigh, Rail'. A City, The County-seat Of Wake County, And The Capital Of North Carolina, 14s Miles North-northwest Of Wilmington; On The Southern And The Seaboard Air Line Rail Roads (map: North Carolina, D 2). It Is Situ Ated At. An Elevation Of About 320 Feet, And Has A Number ...

Ram As
Ram (as. Rant, Ramm, Ger. Ramme, Batter Ing-ram, 011g. Ram, Ramnio, Ger. Ram In, Male Sheep), Marine. It Was Evident To The Ancients That A Ship. If Given A Sufficient Rate Of Speed, Could Deal The Enemy's Vessel A More Disastrous Blow Than Could Any Weapon Then Known, So That ...

Ramadan
Ramadan, Rii'ma-diin' (ar. Ramarlan, From -ramida, To Be Burning Hot). The Ninth Month In The Mohammedan Year. Mohammed Is Said To Have Had His First Revelation In Ramadan, And Every Moslem Is Therefore Enjoined To Keep A Strict Fast During This Month From (lawn To Sunset Of Every Day, And ...

Ramayana
Ramayana, (skt., Story Of Llama). The Second Of The Two Great Epic Poems Of Mediaeval India. It Is In The Main The Work Of A Single Author, Valmiki. Herein Lies The Im Portant Distinction Between It And The Ilakab Harata (q.v.). Though All Its Parts Are Not From The Same ...

Ramberg
Ramberg, Riim'biric, Arthur. Baron (1819 75). A German Genre Painter And Illus Trator, Born In Vienna. ,1011 Of Georg Heinrich On Ramberg (1786-1835, A Distingnished Gen Eral), And Grand-nephew Of Johann Heinrich Ramberg (1763-1840, Court Painter At Hanover, Illustrator, And Etcher, Whose Drawings. Of Which The Leipzig 3insenin Preserves An ...

Rameau
Rameau, Ra'tal, Jean Philippe (1653 171i-1). A Famous French Composer And 5rgani4, To Whom Is Really Due The Foundation Of The Modern Science Of Harmony. He Was Born Of A Musical Family At Dijon. Ile Studied The Organ Under Marchand In Paris And Lweante Organist At Lille And At Clermont. ...

Rameses I
Rameses I., The First King Of Dynasty Xtx., Ruled For A Brief Period About D.c. 1355. Beyond The Fact That He Waged War In Nubia, Where He Left An Inscription, And Constructed Sonic Of The Buildings At Karnak, Little Is Known Of His Reign. His Mummy Was Found. In 1851, ...

Ramman
Ramman, Riinymfin. A Deity Of The Babylo Nian Pantheon, And Also A Syrian God, Probably To Be Identified With The Babylonian Adad And The Syrian Hadad. Ramman, Whose Name, From A Babylonian Root, Means 'the Roarer,' Is The Storm-deity. The Name Occurs Rarely (with Cer Tainty) In Babylonian, But Is ...

Rammohun Roy
Rammohun Roy, Rii-ini'lairrn Roi (177°_ 1833). A Hindu Raja, Scholar, And Theist, The Founder Of The Brahmo-somaj (q.v.). Lie Was Burn At Bardwan, Bengal, Of A High-easte Brah Man Family. He Received A Good Native Ednoo Tion, Acquired Some Knowledge Of Persian, And At Patna And Benares Studied Sanskrit Works ...

Ramsay
Ramsay, Rfun'e, Allan A Scotch Poet, Born At Leadhills In The Parish Of Crawford. Lanarkshire, October 15, 1686. His Father Was Manager Of Lord Hopetoun's Mines At Leadhills, And His Mother, Alice Bower, Was The Daughter Of A Derbyshire Miner. He Received The Ordinary Education Of A Parish School. In ...

Ramsay_2
Ramsay, Sir Andrew Crombie ( 1814-91) . A Scotch Geologist, Born In Glasgow. His Educa Tion At The Grammar School In That City Was Interrupted In 1827 By The Death Of His Father, A Manufacturing Chemist, Who Had Made Several Important Discoveries, But Had Patented None Of Them. The Family ...

Ranc
Ranc, Riix, Arthur (1831—). A French Politician And Author, Born At Poitiers. He Studied Law In Paris And Took Such A Violent Part In The Republican Activities Under The Em Pire That He Had To Leave France. After The Amnesty Of 1859 He Returned To Paris And Con Tributed To ...

Rancagua
Rancagua, Ran-kii'gwa. The Capital Of The Province Of O'higgins, Chile. It Is Situated In A Rich Agricultural District On The Railroad 40 Miles :ald' Of Santiago (map: Chile. C 10). In 114 It Was The Scene Of An Important Battle In Which The Patriot Forces Were Defeated By The Spaniards. ...

Randolph Macon System Of Col
Randolph-macon System Of Col Leges And Academies. A System Of Five Collegiate And Preparatory Institutions In Vir Ginia, Under Methodist Control, And Managed By One Board Of Trustees, Comprising A College For Men, With Two Academies, And A College For Women, With One Academy. The Organization Is Designed To Secure ...

Range Finder
Range-finder. An Instrument Used In Naval And Military Operation, To Determine The Horizontal Distance Of The Object To Be Hit From The Gun Which Is Firing. They Are Of Three Prin Cipal Types, Those Furnishing Their Own Bases For Measurement, Those Depending Upon A Known Di Mension Of The Object ...

Rangoon
Rangoon, Ran-goon', Or Rang-un. The Capital And Chief Port Of Burma, India, On The Rangoon River, The Eastern Branch Of The Irra Waddy, About 25 Miles From The Sea, In Latitude 16° 42' N. And Longitude 96° 13' E. (map: Burma, C 3). Rangoon Is Finely Situated For Internal As ...

Ranjit Singh
Ranjit-singh, Rim-jet' Single (1780 1839). Maharaja Of The Punjab, Horn At Gujran Wait:. The Son Of Maha-singh, Sirdar Of Sukur Chukeah, Who Died When Ranjit-singh Was About Twelve Years Old. His Widow Took Charge Of The Administration, And Attempted By Every Means In Her Power To Render Her Son Effeminate. ...

Rank And Command
Rank And Command. In The Military Or Naval Services, The Different Steps Or Grades Of Command Are Marked By A Distinct Title Of Rank Or Standing. The Rank Is Relative To The Grade Or Command, And An Officer May Be Of The Same Grade Yet Be Inferior In Rank To ...

Ranke
Ranke, Leol'old Von (1795-1886). A Cele Brated German Historian, Who, With Niebuhr, Was The Founder Of The Modern Historical School. He Was Born At \viehe. In Thuringia. At The Age Of Eighteen He Went To The University Of Leipzig, He Studied Theology And The Classics. In Isis Be Became An ...

Rankine
Rankine, Rawkin, Nvilliam John Mac Quorn (1820-72). A Scotch Engineer And Physi Cist. He Was Born At Edinburgh, And Studied At The University Of That City, Where He Received Honors For Essays In Physics. He Afterwards Studied Civil Engineering And Was Employed On Various Railways In Scotland As A Civil ...

Rapallo
Rapallo, Rn-pal'1u. A Winter Resort In The Province Of Genoa, Italy, Situated On The Gulf Of Genoa, 16 Miles By Rail East By South ,,f Genoa. (map: Italy, D 3). Rapallo Has Manufactures Of Lace And Olive Oil, And Fisheries Of Coral And Tunny. Population (commune), In 1901, 10,765. Rape ...

Raphael Santi
Raphael Santi, Shiete (1433 1520). The Most Celebrated Painter Of Modern Times, Also Noted As An Architect. The Modern Italian Form Of His Name Is Raffaello, And His Family Name Is Often Written Sanzio. He Was Burn At Urbino, On Good Friday (march 28th), 1483, According To Vasari, But According ...

Raskolnikl
Raskolnikl Ras-k&i'ms-kk Or Raskol Niks (russ., Schismatics). The Generic Name Applied To All Those Of The Greek Faith Who Dis Sent From The Established Church In Russia, The Name Used By The Raskolniki Themselves Is Staroobryfuttsy (old Ritualists) Or Staroryertsy (old Believers). The Immediate Occasion Of Schism Was The Correction ...

Raspberry
Raspberry (from Rasp, Of. Rasper, Fr. Raper, From Ml. Rasparc, To Serape. From Ohg. Rospon., To Serape Together (connected With Ger. Rappen, To Seize, Eng. Rap) + Berry; So Called From The Rough Surface). Several Species Of The Genus Rubus, Of The Natural Order Rosaceec. The Blaek-cap Or Black Raspberry ...

Raspberry Insects
Raspberry Insects. The Canes Of Rasp Berry Bushes Are Attacked Injuriously In The United States By Two Species Of Beetles. The Raspberry Cane-borer (gberra Binmulato) Lives In The Larval State In The Centre Of The Cane, Where It Burrows Downward, Often Causing The Death Of The Cane. It Is A ...

Rasps
Rasps, Rb.sipc, Rudolpii Erica (1737-941. A German-english Writer And Mineralogist. Born In Hanover. He Studied In 1756-60 At Giittingen And Leipzig. In 1767 He Became A Professor In The Collegium Carolinum At Cassell. And Curator Of The Laudgrave's Cabinet Of Antiquities And Coins. During This Time He Translated (1763) Leibnitz's ...

Rat As
Rat (as. Raett, Ohg. Ratto, Ger. Mille. Fr., Prot'. Rat, It. Ratto, Rat: Of Uncertain Etymology). Any Of The Larger Rodents Of The Genus Mits. (see Mouse.) Two Species Are Very Widely Distribut Ed Over The World—the Black Rat (jtus Rattus) And The Brown Rat (iius Drrumanvs). Both Ap Pear ...

Ratiocination
Ratiocination (lat. Rat Ioeinatio, From Ratiocinari, To Reason, From Ratio, Reckoning, Re Lation, Reason), Or Reasoning. Reasoning, In Psychology, I-s A Successive Association Of Judg Ments. Snppose That A Complex Of Ideas (say, The Look Of A Cloudy Sky) Is Presented To Con Sciousness. The Attention Plays Upon This Com ...

Rationalism
Rationalism (lat. Rationalis, From Ratio, Reason). A Term Employed In Philosophy And Theology To Denote A System In Which The Reason Is Supreme. In Theology It Is Contrasted With Supernaturalism, And Is Used To Describe A Move Ment Of Thought, Which Had Its Important Repre Sentatives In Germany In The ...

Rations
Rations (from Lat. Ratio, Reckoning, Rela Tion, Reasoning). In The United States Army, A Ration Is Officially Defined As "the Allowance For The Subsistence Of One Person For One Day. And Varies In Components According To The Station Of The Troops, Or The Nature Of The Duty Performed." There Are ...

Rattazzi
Rattazzi, 'urban° (1808-73). An Italian Statesman, Born At Alessandria, Piedmont. He Studied Law At Turin And Became An Advocate At Casale. In 1843 He Was Elected A Member Of The Sardinian Parliament, And After Sitting In The Casati Cabinet Was Called Into The Ministry Of Oioberti. He Was One Of ...

Rattlesnake
Rattlesnake. An American Venomous Serpent Of The Family Viperidte And Subfamily Crotalime. Distinguished From Its Congeners By A Horny Jointed Appendage Terminating The Tail, The Shaking Of Which Causes A Rattling Noise Likened To That Of The Ancient Castanets Or Crotati. The Crotalint, Until Recently Regarded As A Fam Ily ...

Ratzel
Ratzel, Rlit'sel, Friedrich ( 1844-1904 ) . A German Geographer And T Ra Veler Born At Karlsruhe, And Educated In Science At Karlsruhe, Heidelberg. Jena. Berlin, And Elsewhere. As Correspondent Of The Kolnisehe Zeitung He Trav Eled In 1869 In Italy, Sicily, And Southern France, And In 1s72-75 In The ...

Rauch
Rauch, Rouk. Christian Daniel (1777 1857). The Most Celebrated German Sculptor Of The Nineteenth Century. He Was Born January 2, 1777, At Arolsen. In The Principality Of Waldeck. His Father Was Employed At The Court Of Prince Frederick 11. Of Hesse, And Iu 1790 The Lad Was Apprenticed To The ...

Raven As
Raven (as. Liracfn, Ohg. Hralnin, Raban, Ger. Rabe, Raven: Perhaps Connected With Opruss. Kraceo, Black Woodpecker, Lat. Corrus, Gk. N6prce, Raven, Lat. Earnix, Gk. Kopthinh Crow, Skt. Karava, Raven, And With Lat. Eroeire, Oclnu•ch Slay. Krakati, To Croak, As Well As With Oho. Hruok As. Hror, Eng. Rook). The Largest ...

Ravenna
Ravenna, Ra-verenn. The Capital Of The Province Of Ravenna, In The Compartimento Of Emilia, Italy, Situated On A Marshy, Un Healthful Plain Between The Lamone And The Fiumi Uniti, Six Miles From The Adriatic, And About 40 Miles East By South Of Bologna (slap: Italy, G 3). Ravenna, Connected With ...

Ravignan
Ravignan, Rit've'nyan', Gustave Fran Cois Xavier Delacroix De ( 1795-1353 A Noted French Pulpit Orator. He Was Born At Bay Onne. Studied In The Lycje Bonaparte At Paris, And Having Embraced The Legal Pro Fession (1814), And Obtained His Degree, Was Named Auditor Of The Cour Royale At Paris, And ...

Rawlinson
Rawlinson, Sir Henry C'reswicke ( 1810 %). An English Soldier, Diplomat, And Assyri Ologist. Lie Was Horn At Chadlington, Oxford Shire, And After Education At Wrington And Ealing, Entered The Military Service Of The East India Company In 1827, Benefiting On The Long Cape Voyage To India By The Company ...

Ray Of
Ray (of. Raie, Carte, Fr. Role, From Lat, Raja, Ray, Roach; Connected With As. Reohhc. Lger. Ruche, Ger. Roche, Sldutc•h Roch, Of. Roche,rosse. Fr. Roche, Eng. Roach). A General Name For The Elasmobranch Fishes Of The Order Batoidei, Char Acterized By The Dorso-ventrally Flattened Body. This Order Includes The Saw-fishes. ...

Rayleigh
Rayleigh, Relf, John William Strutt, Third Baron (1842—) . A Distinguished Physi Cist. He Was Educated At Trinity College. Cam Bridge, Graduated In 1865. As Senior Wrangler In The Mathematical Tripos, And Became A Fellow Of The College In 1860. He Succeeded To The Title Of Baron In 1s73. He ...

Razor Clam
Razor-clam. An Edible Bivalved Mollusk Of The Family Solenitke, Whose Elongated Shell, Gaping At Each End, Suggests The Handle Of A Razor. (see Colored Plate Of Clams.) The Spe Cies Are Numerous, And The Sands Of All Shores Except In The Coldest Parts Of The World. The Common Species Of ...

Reaction
Reaction. In Psychology, A Term Used To Denote Response To Sensory Stimuli. In Experi Mentation This Response Takes The Form Of Physical Action, And As The Stimulus Applied Is Also Physical, The Time Between The Giving Of •t He Stimulus And The Response May Lie Readily Measured By Means Of ...

Reading
Reading, Red'ing. A Municipal, Parlia Mentary, And County Borough, The Capital Of Berkshire, England. On The Kennet, Near Its Confluence With The Thames, 36 Miles West Of London (slap: England, E 5). The Town Is Ir Regular In Plan, Hut Well Built, And Has Fine Build Ings.which Include A Municipal ...

Reading_2
Reading. A Eity And The County-seat Of Berks County. Pennsylvania, 59 Mile, Northwest Of Philadelphia: On The Schuylkill River And The Schuylkill Canal. And On The Philadelphia And Reading, The Pennsylvania, And The Wilmington And Northern Railroads (slap: Pennsylvania. F 3). It Covers An Area Of About Six Square Miles, ...

Reading_3
Reading. The Process Of Conveying To The Mind By Sight Written Or Printed Words O• Sym Bols. Almost As Commonly The Word Refers To The Vocal Expression Of That Which Written Or Printed Symbols Are Intended To Convey. Still More Broadly, Reading Is Used To Designate The Art Of Speaking ...

Real Property
Real Property. In The Artificial Classi Fication Of Property Rights Adopted By The Eng Lish And American Law, Real Property Compre Hends (lie Larger Part Of The Rights (those, Ila Me Ly, Known As "freehold" Interests) In Land, To Gether With A Limited Number Of Other Rights, Which Have For ...

Realism And Naturalism
Realism And Naturalism. The Doc Trine Of A School Of Novelists Who Opposed And Still Oppose Idealism Or Romanticism. Realism Soon Spread Throughout Europe And The United States. Although We Technically Apply 'realistic' To A Nineteenth-century School Of Writers, Realism May Be Traced Back Through The Ages. Nve Find It ...

Realschule
Realschule, Ra-111'shori'lc. A German School Of Secondary Instruction Differing From The Gymnasium Inasmuch As It Offers No Instruction In The Classical Languages And Lays Stress On Science. The Realschule Is An Outgrowth Of The Realittic Tendencies Of The Seventeenth And Eigh Teenth Centuries. The Institutions That Franeke Established At Halle ...

Reaping Reapers
Reapers, Reaping (from Reap, As. Ripan. To Reap ; Connected With Ohg. Rifi, Ger. Reif, As. Ripe, Eng. Ripe). The First Implement Used For Reaping Was The Reaping Hook Or Sickle, Dat Ing From The Stone And Bronze Ages (fig. 1, A, B, C, D). Records Of This Implement Are ...

Rear Guard
Rear Guard. A Detail Of Troops Assigned To The Duty Of Protecting The Baggage And Rear Of A Column On The March. Rear Guards Are Prac Tically Advance Guards Reversed, And Are Used To Protect A Force Advancing Against Or Retreating Before An Enemy. In The Former Case They Pro ...

Reaudiur
Reaudiur, Rfivinue, Iiene Antoine Fer Mat:lt De ( 1683-1757). A French Naturalist And Physicist, Born In La Rochelle, Feb Ruary 28, 1633. He Was Educated In The Jesuits' College At Poitiers And At Bourges, And In 1703 He Went To Paris, Where He Continued The Study Of Physics And Mathematics. ...

Rebellion
Rebellion (lat. Rebellio, From Rchellis, Making War Again, From Re-, Back Again, Anew --i Belluin, War). In Its Narrowest Sense, Open Re Sistance To Authority. In Its Public-law Significa Tion Rebellion Is The Armed Opposition To The Government Of A Portion Of Its Subjects For The Purpose Of Securing A ...

Reber
Reber, Rreber, Franz Von (i834—). A German Art-historian, Born At Chain, Bavaria. After Studying In Munich And Berlin He Went To Rome, And In 1358 Established Himself As Lecturer At The University Of Munich, Was Ap Pointed Professor At The Polytechnicum There In 1863 And Director Of The Royal Gallery ...

Recapture
Recapture. In International Law, A Term Having Reference To The Retaking By An Armed Ves Sel Of One Belligerent Or Its Ally Of A Prize Cap Tured By A Vessel Of The Other Belligerent From A Subject Or Citizen Of The First. To Adjust The Con Flicting Right: Of Original ...

Receipt Of
Receipt (of. Recete, Recepte, Fr. Recette, From Ml. Recepta, Receipt, Fern. Sg. Of Lat. Reffp Ties. P.p. Of Recipere, To Receive, From Re-. Hack Again, Anew + Capere, To Take). The Transaction By Which One Takes Into His Possession Or Custody Property Delivered To Him By Another. It Is Also ...

Receiver Of
Receiver (of. Reeevour, Receveur, Fr. Re Ceccur, From Recevoir, To Receive, From Lat. Re Ripere, To Receive). An Indifferent Person Be Tween The Parties To A Litigation Appointed By A Court Of Equity To Take Charge Of And Preserve Property Or Money Involved In The Litigation, And To Collect The ...

Recent Period
Recent Period (lat. Reeens. Fresh. New). In Geology, The Name Given To The Epoch That Has Elapsed Since The Pleistocene And The Beginning Of History. Many Geologist Now Include It Under The Pleistocene Period (q-v-)• Trace With Any Definiteness Either Their Origin Or History. According To Ii. Kings X. I5-2s, ...

Recent Spread Of The
Recent Spread Of The Plague. The Scourge Reached England In 1899, In The Person Of A Sailor From Calcutta, Who Was Landed At Ply Mouth. To The Same Port A Coal-trimmer From Bombay Was Brought, Suffering From Plague. In England. In 1900. There Were Four Cases, With Two Deaths; In ...

Rechabites
Rechabites, Rek•a-bits Mel). Raub. Reehah) . A Kenite Elan (sec Kenites ) Who Retained Their Nomadic Habits And Mode Of Life In The Midst Of Agricultural Palestine. The Notices Of Them In The Old Testament, Are Too Few To Make It Possible To According To The Census Of 1890 The ...

Reciprocity
Reciprocity (from Lat. Reciprocus, Alter Nating, Reciprocal). A Tariff Policy Under Which Two Or More Sets Of Tariffs Contemporaneously Ex Ist : A High Schedule Of Duties For Countries Which Have Entered Into No Special Agreement With The Enacting Country, And One Or More Lower Schedules For Such Others As ...

Reclus
Reclus, Re-kln', Etase (1830-1904). A French Geographer. Born In The Gironde. He Was Educated In Rhenish Prussia, And Subsequently Studied At Montauban And Under Karl Ritter At The University Of Berlin. His Republican Principles Forced Him To Leave France After The Coup D'taat Of Louis Napoleon In 1851, And He ...

Recognition
Recognition (lat. Rerognitio, From Recog Noscere, To Know Again, From Re-, Back Again, Anew Cognoseerc, From Co-, Together Gnos,- Cere, To Know). An Object Is Said To Be 'recog Nized' When It Appears As Familiar. Thus One Recognizes An Acquaintance Or A Locality That Has Been Visited Before. Recognition Stands ...

Recognizance
Recognizance, Rt,-kiif.."111-zans- Or Ri1.-kon'i Zans ( :\ 1 L. Rceognosecntia, From L.at. Recognoscere, To Know Again). An Obligation Entered Into By A Person With A Court Of Record, Whereby He Hinds Himself Under A Penalty To Do Or Not To Do A Particular Thing Required Of Him By The Court, ...

Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance ( Fr., Recognition). The Acquiring Of Information As To The Strength And Disposition Of The Enemy, Features Of Ter Rain, Etc. The Great Prerequisite Of Successful Strategy Is The Possession Of Accurate Informa Tion Regarding The Number, Character, And Ef Festiveness Of The Enemy, Together With A Com Plete ...

Reconstruction
Reconstruction (front Lat. Back Again, Anew + Together + Strucre, To Heap). In American History, The Process By Which, After The Civil War, The Seceded States Were Restored To Their Normal Relations With The Union. The Only Provision Of The Constitution That Seemed To Have Any Bearing On The Matter ...

Record Of
Record (of. Record, Retort, From Ml. Recor Dum, Witness, Record, Judgment, From Lat. Recor Dari, Rceordare, To Remember, Call To Mind, From Rc-, Back Again, Anew Cor, Heart), Judicial. A Written History Or Account Of The Entire Pro Ceedings In A Case. The Importance Of Keeping Such Records Was Not ...

Recording Of Deeds
Recording Of Deeds. At Common Law, The Transfer Of Title To Real Property By Livery Of Seisin {q.v.) Was A Public And Notorious Act. Making Unnecessary Any Formal Public Record Of The Transaction. The Modern Practice Of Record Ing Transfers Of Property On Public Records Was Therefore Unknown To The ...

Recoupment Of
Recoupment (of., Fr. Recoupcmcnt, From Rccouper, To Recoup, Cut Off, Or Again, From Re-, Back Again. Anew Cooper. To Cut. From Coup, Cut, From Lat. Co/pa, From Gk. K6xacpos, Ko/aphog, Blow With The Fist, From Koxarre4v, Kolaptcin, To Strike). The Right Of A Defendant In An Action At Law To ...

Recruitment
Recruitment (fr. Rcerutement, From Of. Recrutcr, Port. Recrutar. Reclutar, From Cloture, To Recruit, Patch, Mend, From Lat. Rr-, Back Again, Anew -4- As. C/fit, From Welsh Ir.. Gael. Clod, :manx Clonid, Clout, Patch), Mili Tary. The Raising Of Men For Military Service. Recruitment Of Armies In General Is By Volun ...

Rector
Rector (lat., Ruler, Director). An Ecclesi Astical And Academic Title, Meaning In The Former Sense A Clergyman Who Has The Charge Of A Parish And Full Possession Of All The Consequent Rights And Privileges. In The Church Of England A Rec Tor Differs From A Dear In That The Latter ...

Recusant Of
Recusant (of. Recusant, Fr.4 Rc'easont, From Lat. Rccosarv, To Reject, From Re-, Back Again, Anew + Causa. Cause). In English Ec Clesiastical Legislation. Any Person Who Refuses To Attend The Services Of The Established Church. Laws Against Recusants Have Borne Most Heavily Upon Roman Catholics, Who In Earlier Times Were ...

Red Cross Societies
Red Cross Societies. International As Sociations Whose Purpose Is To Mitigate The Hor Rors Of War By Alleviating The Sufferings Of The Sick And Wounded. They Are The Result Of An Agitation Begun By Al. Jean Henri Dunant (q.v.). A Philanthropic Citizen Of Geneva, Switzerland. On June 24, 1859, He ...

Red Men
Red Men, Improved Order Of. A Fraternal And Beneficial Order Claiming Unbroken Succes Sion From The 'sons Of Liberty' (q.v.), And Other Revolutionary Societies, And Reorganized In 1833 At A Convention In Baltimore. The Grand Coun Cil Of Maryland Was Created At This Convention, The Old Ritual Was Revised, And ...

Red River
Red River. The Southernmost Of The Large Tributaries Of The Mississippi. It Rises In The Northern Part Of Texas In The Fissures Of The Llano Estacado. And Flows Eastward Along The Northern Boundary Of Texas Until It Enters Arkansas, Where It Turns To The South, And Enter Ing Louisiana Traverses ...

Red Sea
Red Sea (lat. Mare Rubrum, Gk. 'epuopii Odxacrcra, Erythre Thalassa), Or Arabian Gulf. Au Arm Of The Indian Ocean Separating The Arabian Peninsula From Northeastern Africa, And Lying Between Latitudes 12° 30' And 30° N. (slap: Asia, C 6). It Extends In A Northwest Direction From The Strait Of Bah-el-slandeb, ...

Redemptorists
Redemptorists (fr. Redemptoriste, From Lat. Ra(lemptor, Redeemer, From Rediniere, To Buy Back, Redeem), Also Called 1.r:roma:es. A Eon Gregation Of Missionary Priests Founded In 1732 By Saint Alphonsus Liguori (q.v.). The Members Of The Congregation Of The Most Iloly Redeemer Were Bound To Seek Their Own Perfection By The Obligations ...

Redoubt Of
Redoubt (of. Redid!, Fr. Recruit, From Ml. Rrilurtus, Refuge. Redoubt, From Lat. Redueerc, To Lead Hack, From Back Again, Anew + Dueere, To Lead). A Field Fortification. A Redoubt Varies In Form And Solidity According To The Exigencies Of The Ease, And The Time At The Disposal Of The Defenders. ...