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Bouvier's Law Dictionary

Laws
Laws. They Are Not In A Constitutional Sense, Public Laws, But Mere Local Rules Or By-laws, Police Or Domestic Regulations, Devoid In Many Respects Of The Characteristics Of Pub Lic Or General Laws ; Mcinerney V. Denver, 17 Colo. 302, 29 Pac. 516. This Word Is More Usually Applied To ...

Laws Or Rolls Oleron
Oleron, Laws Or Rolls Or. The Chief Code Of Maritime Law Of The Middle Ages, Which Takes Its Name From The Island Of Oleron. Both The French And The English Claim The Honor Of Having Originated This Code,—the Former Attri Buting Its Compilation To The Command Of Queen Eleanor, Duchess ...

Leading Question
Leading Question. A Question Which Puts Into The Witness' Mouth The Words To Be Echoed Back, Or Plainly Suggests The An Swer Which The Party Wishes To Get From Him. Selin V. Snyder, 7 S. & R. (pa.) 171; People V. Mather, 4 Wend. (n. Y.) 247, 21 Am. Dec. ...

Lease
Lease. A Cbntract For The Possession And Profits Of Lands And Tenements On The One Side, And A Recompense Of Rent Or Other Income On The Other. Bac. Abr. Lease In Pr.; Or It Is A Conveyance To A Person For Life, Or Years, Or At Will, In Consideration Of ...

Lecturer
Lecturer. An Instructor; A Reader Of Letters Who Has The Copyright In Them If He Be An Author By 5 & 6 Wm. Iv. C. 65. See Copyright. A Clergyman Who Assists Rectors In Preach Ing. 7 & 8 Vict. C. 59; 18 & 19 Vict. C. 127. Whart. Lex. ...

Leg Es Jul
Leg Es Jul I /e. Laws Enacted During The Reign Of Augustus Or Of Julius Caesar Which, With The Lex Abutia, Effectually Abolished The Legis Actiones. Lex Julia De Ambitu. (b. C. 18.) A Law To Repress Illegal Methods Of Seeking Office. Inst. 4, 18. Lex Julia De Adulteriis. (b. ...

Legacy
Legacy. In Case Of A Devise To Two As Joint Tenants, If One Die Before The Testator, Where Sur Vivorship In A Joint Tenancy Has Been Abol Ished, His Share Has Been Held To Fall In The Residue; Wins. Eq. 89. Where Land Was Devised To A Son Who Was ...

Legacy
Legacy. In Equity Pleading. An Allegation In The Bill Of Matters Which Disprove Or Avoid A Defence Which It Is Alleged The Defendant Is Supposed To Pretend Or Intend To Set Up. Story, Eq. Pl. § 31. It Is Frequently Omitted, And This The More Properly, As All Matters Material ...

Legacy_2
Legacy. A Gift Of Personal Property By Last Will And Testament. A Gift Or Disposition In One's Favor By A Last Will. Schoul. Ex. & Ad. § 459. The Term Is More Commonly Applied To A Bequest Of Money Or Chattels, Although Sometimes Used With Reference To A Charge Upon ...

Legal Cruelty
Legal Cruelty. Such Conduct On The Part Of A Husband As Will Endanger The Life, Health, Or Limb Of His Wife, Or Create A Rea Sonable Apprehension Of Bodily Hurt; Such Acts As Render Cohabitation Unsafe, Or Are Likely To Be Attended With Injury To The Person Or To The ...

Legal Eth Ics
Eth Ics, Legal. That Branch Of Moral Science Which Treats Of The Duties Which A Member Of The Legal Profession Owes To The Public, To The Court, To His Professional Brethren, And To His Client. Perhaps The Most Comprehensive And Satisfactory Treatment Of The Subject Is The Essay Of Judge ...

Legal Representatives
Legal Representatives. The Pri Mary Meaning Of The Terms "representatives," "legal Representatives," "personal• Representa Tives," Or "legal Personal Representatives," Is Executors And Administrators In Their Official Capacity ; 36 L. J. Ch. 793; L. R. 4 Eq. 359 ; And It Cannot Be Construed As Excluding Them ; Wason V. ...

Legal Tender
Legal Tender. That Currency Which Has Been Made Suitable By Law For The Pur Poses Of A Tender In The Payment Of Debts. The Following 'descriptions Of Money Are Legal Tender In The United States : Au The Gold Coins Of The United -states Are A Legal Tender In All ...

Lege Incrimination
'lege ; Incrimination. The Court, It Is Said, Decides As To The Tendency Of The Answer, And Will Instruct The Witness As To His Privilege ; Com. V. Shaw, 4 Cush. (mass.) 594, 50 Am. Dec. 813 ; Close V. Olney, 1 Denio (n. Y.) 319. It Has Been Held ...

Legitimation
Legitimation. The Act Of Giving The Character Of Legitimate Children To Those Who Were Not So Born. Legitimation Is A Fiction Of The Law, Where By One Born Out Of Lawful Wedlock Is Con Sidered The Offspring Of The Marriage Be Tween The Parents. Succession Of Caballero V. Executor, 24 ...

Legitime
Legitime. In Civil Law. That Portion Of A Parent's Estate Of Which He Cannot Dis Inherit His Children Without A Legal Cause. The Civil Code Of Louisiana Declares That Donations Inter Vivos Or Mortis Cause Can Not Exceed Two-thirds Of The Property Of The Disposer, If Be Leaves At His ...

Letter
Letter. An Epistle; A Despatch ; A Writ Ten Message, Usually On Paper, Folded Up And Sealed, And Sent By One Person To Anoth Er. Lyle V. Clason, 1 Cai. (n. Y.) 582. It Will Include The Envelope In Which It Is Sent. U. S. V. Duff, 6 Fed. 45, ...

Letter Of Credit
Letter Of Credit. An Open Or Sealed Letter, From A Merchant Or Bank Or Banker, In One Place, Directed To Another, In Another Place Or Country, Requiring Him, If A Person Therein Named, Or The Bearer Of The Letter, Shall Have Occasion To Buy Commodities, Or To Want Money To ...

Letter Of Marque And
Letter Of Marque And Reprisal. A Commission Granted By The Government To A Ptivate Individual, To Take The Property Of A Foreign State, Or Of The Citizens Or Subjects Of Such State, As A Reparation For An Injury Committed By Such State, Its Citizens Or Sub Jects. The Prizes So ...

Letters Rogatory
Letters Rogatory. An Instrument Sent In The Name And By The Authority Of A Judge Or Court To Another, Requesting The Latter To Cause To Be Examined, Upon Inter Rogatories Filed In A Cause Depending Before The Former, A Witness Who Is Within The Ju Risdiction Of The Judge Or ...

Levy
Levy. To Raise. Webster, Diet. To Levy A Nuisance, I. E. To Raise Or Do A Nuisance, 9 Co. 55; To Levy A Fine, I. E. To Raise Or Ac Knowledge A Fine, 2 Bla. Com. 357; 1 Steph. Corn. 236 ; To Levy A Tax, I. E. To Raise ...

Lewdness
Lewdness. That Form Of Immorality Which Has Relation To Sexual Impurity. U. S. V. Males, 51 Fed. 41. See Lasciviousness ; Obscenity ; Indecency. Lex (lat.). In The Civil Law. A Rule Of Law Which Magistrates And People Had Agreed Upon By Means Of A Solemn Declaration Of Consensus. Sohm, ...

Lex Aqu Ilia B
Lex Aqu Ilia. (b. C. About 287.) The Law, Superseding The Earlier Portions Of The Twelve Tables, Providing A Remedy For Wil Ful And Negligent Damage To Corporeal Prop Erty. Although An Action Founded Upon The Text Of This Law Could Only Be Brought When The Damage Was Caused By ...

Lex Fori
Lex Fori (lat. The Law Of The Forum). The Law Of The Country To The Tribunal Of Which Appeal Is Made. 5 Cl. & F. 1. The Local Or Territorial Law Of The Country To A Court, Wherein An Action Is Brought, Or Other Legal Proceeding Is Taken, Belongs. Dicey, ...

Lex Rei Site
Lex Rei Site (lat.). The Law Of The Country Where A Thing Is Situate. Dicey, Confl. Laws 66. It Is Said To Be An Inexact Mode Of Expression ; Lea Mils, Or Lea Loci Rei Sitce Are Better. 29 L. Q. R. 2 (h. Gondy). It Is The Universal Rule ...

Liabilities Of Partners
Liabilities Of Partners. General Rule. If An Act Is Done By One _partner On Behalf Of The Firm, And It Can Be Said To Have Been Necessary For The Carrying On Of The Partner Ship Business In The Ordinary Way, The Firm Will Prima Facie Be Liable, Although In Point ...

Libel
Libel Oit Slander. The Elements To Be Considered In Fixing The Measure Of Damages Are Those Only Which Are The Natural Con Sequences Of The Act Complained Of ; Mer Chants' Ins. Co. V. Buckner, 98 Fed. 222, 39 C. C. A. 19 ; But The Damages Are Not Con ...

Libel
Libel (lat. Fiber, A Book). In Practice. The Plaintiff's Written Statement Of His Cause Of Action And Of The Relief Which He Seeks, Made And Exhibited In A Judicial Process, With Some Solemnity Of Law. A Written Statement By A Plaintiff Of His Cause Of Action, And Of The Relief ...

Liberty
Liberty (lat. Liber, Free; Ubertas, Free Dom, Liberty). Freedom From Restraint The Faculty Of Willing, And The Power Of Doing What Has Been Willed, Without Influ Ence From Without A Privilege Held By Grant Or Prescription, By Vvhich, Some Men Enjoy Greater Privileges Than Ordinary Subjects. The Place Within Which ...

Liberty Of Contract
Liberty Of Contract. Liberty Of Contract Consists In Haying The Ability At Will, To Make Or Abstain From Making, A Binding Obligation Enforced By The Sanctions At The Law. Judson, Liberty Of Contract, Rep. Am. Bar Ass'n. (1891) 233. Whilst Closely Allied With Property And Essential To Its Use And ...

Liberty Of Speech
Liberty Of Speech. The Right To Speak Facts And Express Opinions. Whart. Diet. The Liberty Of Speech Which Both The Fed Eral And State Constitutions Protect Is (1) Liberty Of Speech Of Legislators In Public As Semblies, And While Engaged In Discussing Public Matters, Or In Writing Reports, Or In ...

Liberty Of The Press
Liberty Of The Press. The Right To Print And Publish The Truth, From Good Mo Tives And For Justifiable Ends. People V. Croswell, 3 Johns. Cas. (n. Y.) 394. The Right In The Publisher Of A Newspaper To Print Whatever He Chooses Without Any Previous License, But Subject To Be ...

License
License (lat, Licere, To Permit). In Real Property Law. A Permission. A Right, Given By Some Competent Authority To Do An Act, Which Without Such Authority Would Be Illegal, Or A Tort Or Trespass. A Permission To Do Some Act Or Series Of Acts On The Land Of The Licensor, ...

Lien
Lien. For A Violation Of His Duties An Action Will, In General, Lie; Cavillaud V. Yale, 3 Cal. 108, 58 Am. Dec. 388 ; 2 Greenl. Ev. §§ 145, 146 ; And In Some Cases He May Be Punished By Attachment. Official Misconduct May Be In Quired Into In A ...

Lien_2
Lien. A Hold Or Claim Which One Person Has Upon The Property Of Another As A Curity For Some Debt Or Charge. The Right Which One Person Possesses, In Certain Cases, Of Detaining Property Placed In His Possession Belonging To Another, Until Some ,demand Which The Former Has Be Satisfied. ...

Lieutenant
Lieutenant. This Word Has Now A Nar Rower Meaning Than It Formerly Had: Its True Meaning Is A Deputy, A Substitute, From The French (place Or Post) And Tenant (holder). Among Civil Officers We Have Lieu7 Tenant-governers, Who In Certain Cases Per Form The Duties Of Governors, Lieutenants Of Potice, ...

Life Tables
Life Tables. Statistical Tables Exhibit Ing The Probable Proportion Of Persons Will Live To Reach Different Ages. Cent. Diet. Such Tables Are Used For Many Purposes, Such As The'computation Of The Present Value Of Annuities, Dower Rights, Etc.; And For The Computation Of Damages Resulting From In Juries Which Destroy ...

Lightning A
Lightning. A. Sudden Discharge Of Elec Tricity From A Cloud To The Earth Or From The Earth To A Cloud Or From One Cloud To An Other, Or From A Body Positively Charged To One Negatively Charged. Spensley V. Ins. Co., 54 Wis. 433, 11 N. W. 894. Any Sudden ...

Limitations
Limitations. Of Civil Remedies. In General, By The Theory And Early Practice Of The Common Law, A Party Who Had Any Legal Ground Of Complaint Against Another Might Call The Latter To Answer In Court At Such Time As Suited His Convenience; 13 East 449. This Privilege, However, It Was ...