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Uriel Acosta
Acosta, Uriel (d. 1647), Jewish Author, Was Born At Oporto Near The End Of The 16th Century. Educated In The Roman Catholic Faith, He Was Received Into The Synagogue At Amsterdam And Exchanged His Baptismal Name Of Gabriel For Uriel. His Way Ward Disposition, However, Found No Satisfaction In Judaism. ...

Uses Of Aluminium
Uses Of Aluminium The Following Is An Indication Of The Main Classes Into Which The Applications Of Aluminium Fall And Shows Upon What Properties Of The Metal They Depend. ...

Valens Acidalius
Acidalius, Valens (1567-1595), German Scholar And Critic, Was Born At Wittstock On May 25, 1567, And Died At Neisse On May 25, 5595, At The Age Of 28. Acidalius Wrote Notes On Velleius Paterculus (1590), Curtius (1594), The Panegyrists, Tacitus And Plautus, Published After His Death. See Leuschner, Commentatio De ...

Vasile Alecsandri Or Alexandri
Alecsandri Or Alexandri, Vasile (182i-1890), Ru Manian Lyric Poet, Was Born At Bacau In Moldavia And Educated First In Jassy And Afterwards (1834-39) In Paris. In 1839 He Began To Collect Rumanian Popular Songs. He First Published His Collection In 1844. His Doine Si Lacrimioare, Lyrical Poems, Appeared At Paris ...

Vestments
Vestments.) Both The Alb And Its Name Are Derived From The Tunica Alba, The White Tunic, Which Formed Part Of The Ordinary Dress Of Roman Citizens Under The Empire. The Date Of Its Definite Adoption As A Liturgical Vestment Is Uncertain; At Rome—where Until The 13th Century It Was Known ...

Viktor Adler
Adler, Viktor (1852-1918), Austrian Politician, Was Born At Prague, June 24, 1852. He Began To Occupy Himself Early With Political And Social Questions. In 1883 He Went To Study In Switzerland And In London, Where He Came Into Close Touch With Engels. On His Return To Vienna, However, He Turned ...

Vincent Alsop
Alsop, Vincent (c. English Nonconformist Divine, Was Ejected From His Living Under The Act Of Uniformity In 1662. He Had A Great Reputation As A Pamphleteer In His Day. Even With Dr. Goodman And Dr. Stillingfleet As Opponents He Held His Own. His Mischief Of Impositions (168o), In Answer To ...

Viola Allen
Allen, Viola (1869— ), American Actress, Was Born In Huntsville, Ala., On Oct. 27, 1869. She Was A Daughter Of C. Leslie Allen, An Actor Of Ability, And Was Educated In Boston, Toronto, And New York City. At The Age Of 13 She Made Her Debut In The Title-role Of ...

Vittoria Accoramboni
Accoramboni, Vittoria (1557-1585), An Italian Lady Famous For Her Great Beauty And Accomplishments And For Her Tragic History. She Was Born In Rome Of A Family Belonging To The Minor Noblesse Of Gubbio, Which Migrated To Rome. After Refusing Several Offers Of Marriage For Vittoria, Her Father Be Trothed Her ...

Vittorio Alfieri
Alfieri, Vittorio, Count (1749-18o3), Famous Tragic Dramatist Of Italy, Was Born At Asti In Piedmont, Of Rich And Noble Parents. His Father Died When He Was An Infant And His Mother Married Again, But An Uncle Took An Interest In His Educa Tion And Sent Him In His Tenth Year ...

Walter Sydney Adams
Adams, Walter Sydney ), American Astronomer, Was Born In Antioch, Northern Syria, On Dec. 20, 1876. He Graduated From Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.h., In 1898, Studied At The University Of Chicago In 1899-190o And At The University Of Munich In 1901. For The Ensuing Three Years He Was An Assistant ...

Washington Allston
Allston, Washington American His Torical Painter And Poet, Was Born Nov. 5, 1779, At Waccamaw (s. C.) , Where His Father Was A Planter. He Graduated At Harvard In 1800, And For A Short Time Pursued His Artistic Studies At Charleston With Edward Greene Malbone (1 7 7 7-1807) , ...

West Africa
West Africa West Africa Was Inhabited In Prehistoric Times, Ancient Stone Implements Being Found In Senegal, The Sudan, French Guinea, The Ivory Coast, Gold Coast And Nigeria, And Sites Are Frequently Found In The Sahara In Regions Now Barren, But Which No Doubt Anciently Enjoyed Different Climatic Conditions. North Africa ...

Wilbur Cortez Abbott
Abbott, Wilbur Cortez ), American Educator And Historian, Was Born In Kokomo, Ind., Dec. 28, 1869. Following His Graduation From Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Ind., In 1892, He Pursued Graduate Studies At Cornell University In 1892-95 And In Europe During 1895-96. Upon Returning From Europe He Taught History In The University ...

William Abbot
Abbot, William (1798-1843), English Actor, Was Born In Chelsea, And Made His First Appearance On The Stage At Bath In 1806, And His First London Appearance In 1808. He Created The Parts Of Appius Claudius In Sheridan Knowles's Virginius (1820) And Of Modus In His Hunchback (1832). In 1827 He ...

William Abraham
Abraham, William British Labour Poli Tician Of The Old School, Was Born In The Afon Valley And Went To Work In A Coal Mine At The Age Of Nine. He Was Affectionately Known By The Name Of Mabon, A Name Originally Adopted By Him In Eisteddfod Competitions. President Of The ...

William Adam
Adam, William British Lawyer And Poli Tician, Was A Whig And A Supporter Of The Policy Of Fox. At The English Bar He Obtained A Very Considerable Practice. He Was Successively Attorney And Solicitor-general To The Prince Of Wales, One Of The Managers Of The Impeachment Of Warren Hastings, And ...

William Adams
Adams, William (d. 1620), English Navigator, The First Englishman In Japan, Was Born At Gillingham, Near Chatham, England. When I2 Years Old He Was Apprenticed In The Mercantile Marine, Afterwards Entering The British Navy, And Later Serving The Company Of Barbary Merchants As Master And Pilot. Attracted By The Dutch ...

William Aiton
Aiton, William Scottish Botanist, Was Born Near Hamilton In 1731, And Died On Feb. 2, 1793. As Director Of Kew Gardens (1759-93) He Effected Many Improvements, And In 1789 He Published Hortus Kewensis, A Catalogue Of The Plants There Cultivated. A Second And Enlarged Edition Of The Hortus Was Brought ...

William Alabaster Or Arblastier
Alabaster Or Arblastier, William 164o), English Latin Poet And Scholar, Was Born At Hadleigh, Suffolk, And Was Educated At Westminster School And Trinity College, Cambridge. Alabaster Served With The Expedition Of Robert Devereux, Earl Of Essex, To Cadiz In 1596, And Embraced The Roman Catholic Faith While He Was In ...

William Alexander
Alexander, William (1824-191i), Protestant Arch Bishop Of Armagh And Primate Of All Ireland, Was Born At London Derry On April 13, 1824, And Educated At Tonbridge School And Brasenose College, Oxford. He Was Made Bishop Of Derry And Raphoe In 1867, And Was Elevated To The Primacy In 1896. His ...

William Allen
Allen, William (1803-1879), American Lawyer And Politician, Was Born In Edenton, N.c., In 1803. When 16 Years Old He Removed To Chillicothe, O., Attended The Chillicothe Academy, Studied Law, And At The Age Of 21 Was Admitted To The Bar. He Rapidly Attained Prominence As A Lawyer And In 1833 ...

William Allingham
Allingham, William (1824-1889), Irish Poet And Man Of Letters, Was Born At Ballyshannon, Donegal, Mar. Ig, 1824, And Died At Hampstead, London, Nov. 18, 1889. He Held Various Posts In The Customs Until 187o, When He Became Sub Editor Of Fraser's Magazine, Where He Succeeded Froude As Editor In 1874. ...

William Ames
Ames, William (1 S 76-1633), English Puritan Divine And Controversialist, Known As Amesius, Was Born At Ipswich, Suffolk, And Died At Rotterdam. Ames Was Educated At Christ's College, Cambridge, And Became A Fellow Of His College. He Raised A Great Stir In 16o9 By A Sermon Denouncing The "heathenish Debauchery" ...

William Boyd Allison
Allison, William Boyd American Legislator, Was Born At Perry, O., On March 2, 1829. Educated At Allegheny And Western Reserve Colleges, He Studied Law, And Prac Tised In Ohio Until 1857. In That Year He Settled In Dubuque, Ia., Where He Took A Prominent Part In Republican Politics; And In ...

William Harrison Ainsworth
Ainsworth, William Harrison English Novelist, Was Born At Manchester, Feb. 4, 1805. He Was Educated For The Law, But At The Age Of 21 He Married A Daughter Of John Ebers, The Publisher, And Followed His Father-in-law's Profession For A Short Time. A Novel Called Sir John Chiverton, In Which ...

William Lindsay Alexander
Alexander, William Lindsay Scottish Divine, Born At Leith, Aug. 24, 18o8, And Died Dec. 20, 1884. Educated At St. Andrews And Edinburgh, He Was Classical Tutor At The Blackburn Theological Academy (1827), Minister Of North College Street Church, Edinburgh (1834), Editor Of Kitto's Biblical Encyclopaedia (1861), A Member Of The ...

William Pitt Amherst Amherst
Amherst, William Pitt Amherst, Earl (i 773 1857), Governor-general Of India, Was The Nephew Of Jeffrey, Baron Amherst, And Succeeded To His Title In 1797. Upon His Return From An Abortive Mission To China In 1816, His The "alceste," After A Cruise Along The Coast Of Korea And To The ...

William Taylor Adams
Adams, William Taylor (1822-1897), American Juvenile Writer, Popularly Known Under The Pseudonym Of "oliver Optic," Was Born In Medway, Mass., On July 3o, 1822. For 20 Years He Was A Teacher In The Public Schools Of Boston, And He Served For A Term In The State Legislature. He Wrote More ...

Willibald Alexis
Alexis, Willibald, The Pseudonym Of Georg Wil Helm Heinrich Haring (1798-1871), German Historical Novel Ist. He Was Born June 29, 1798 At Breslau, Where His Father, Who Came Of A French Refugee Family, Named Hareng, Was An Official. He Attended The Werdersche Gymnasium In Berlin, And Served As A Volunteer ...

Winthrop Ames
Ames, Winthrop American Theatrical Pro Ducer, Was Born In North Easton, Mass., On Nov. 25, 1871. He Graduated At Harvard In 1895, And Spent The Following Year In Spe Cial Study At The University. For Eight Years He Edited And Pub Lished Art And Architectural Works In Boston. Then Followed ...

Zachariah Allen
Allen, Zachariah (1795-1882), American Scientist, Inventor And Manufacturer, Was Born In Providence, R.i., On Sept. I5, The Son Of A Wealthy Merchant. He Graduated At Brown University In 1813, Was Admitted To The Bar In 1815, And In 1822 Became Engaged In Manufacturing Enterprises. By The Use Of His Wealth ...

Zation
Zation). On The Other Hand, If A Gas Be Sufficiently Cooled And Compressed, It Liquefies; This Transition Is Treated Theoretically In The Article ...