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Volume 6, Part 2: Colebrooke to Damascius

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Thomas Couture
Couture, Thomas (1815-1879), French Historical And Genre Painter, Was Born At Senlis (oise), And Studied Under Baron A. J. Gros And Paul Delaroche, Winning A Prix De Rome In 1837. His Masterpieces Were His "romans In The Decadence Of The Empire" (1847), Now In The Luxembourg, And His "love Of ...

Thomas Coventry Coventry
Coventry, Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Lord Keeper Of England, Entered Balliol College, Ox Ford, In 1592, And Was Admitted At The Inner Temple In 1594. He Became Recorder Of London In 1616. Returned To Parliament For Droitwich In 1621, He Became Attorney-general, And In 1625 Lord Keeper Of The Great ...

Thomas Cranmer
Cranmer, Thomas Archbishop Of Can Terbury, Born At Aslacton Or Aslockton In Nottinghamshire On July 2, 1489, Was The Second Son Of Thomas Cranmer And Of His Wife Anne Hatfield. He Received His Early Education, According To Morise His Secretary, From "a Marvellous Severe And Cruel Schoolmaster." The Same Authority ...

Thomas Crawford
Crawford, Thomas (1814-1857), American Sculp Tor, Was Born In New York On March 22, 1814. He Showed At An Early Age Great Taste For Art, And Learned To Draw And Carve In Wood. In The Summer Of 1835 He Went To Rome And Became A Pupil Of Thorwaldsen. The First ...

Thomas Creech
Creech, Thomas (1659-170o), English Classical Scholar, Was Born At Blandford, Dorsetshire, And Received His Early Educa Tion From Thomas Curgenven, Master Of Sherborne School. In 1675 He Entered Wadham College, Oxford, And Obtained A Fellow Ship In 1683 At All Souls. He Was Headmaster Of Sherborne School From 1694 To ...

Thomas Creevey
Creevey, Thomas (1768-1838), English Politician, Son Of William Creevey, A Liverpool: Merchant, Was Born In That City In March 1768. He Went To Queen's College, Cambridge, And Graduated As Seventh Wrangler In Z 789. The Same Year He Became A Student At The Inner Temple, And Was Called To The ...

Thomas Creswick
Creswick, Thomas (1811-1869), English Landscape Painter, Was Born At Sheffield On Feb. 5, 1811, And Educated At Hazelwood, Near Birmingham. He Was A Pupil Of J. Vincent Barker At Birmingham. In 1842 He Was Elected An Associate, And In 185o A Full Member Of The Royal Academy. English And Welsh ...

Thomas Crofton Croker
Croker, Thomas Crofton (1798-1854), Irish Anti Quary And Humorist, Was Born In Cork On Jan. 1798, And Died In London On Aug. 8, 1854. In 1819 He Became A Clerk In The Admiralty. Moore Was Indebted To Him In The Production Of His Irish Melodies For "many Curious Fragments Of ...

Thomas Cromwell
Cromwell, Thomas, Earl Of Essex (1485 English Politician, The Only Son Of Walter Cromwell, Alias Smyth, A Brewer, Smith And Fuller Of Putney. He Is Said To Have Quarrelled With His Father, Who Had A Bad Local Reputation, And Fled To Italy, Where He Served As A Soldier In The ...

Thomas Cubitt
Cubitt, Thomas 5 ), English Builder, Was Born At Buxton, Near Norwich, On Feb. 25, 1788. He Was Responsible For Many Splendid Ranges Of London Houses, Such As Tavistock, Gordon, Belgrave And Lowndes Squares And The District Of South Belgravia, And Was One Of The Originators Of Battersea Park, The ...

Tian
Tian. ) Royal Rib.—plain Ribbed Fabric Similar To Moreen, With Fine Ribs Or Cords Running Lengthwise Or Warp-way, But With The Warp Threads In Pairs (instead Of Single, As In Moreen) With 72x14o: 28/32:36xioo. British Home And Foreign Markets. Sarong.—plain Calico Fabric With Coloured Warp Stripes, With Coloured Cross Border ...

Tion
Tion Is An Antiseptic Containing Free Chlorine And Designed For The Treatment Of Infected Wounds. First Used During The World War, It Was The Product Of Long Study By Henry Drysdale Dakin And Alexis Carrel In Search Of The Ideal Wound Antiseptic. The Stronger Germicidal Solutions, Such As Carbolic Acid ...

Trapezohedral Class
Trapezohedral Class (trapezohedral-hemihedral.) Here There Are The Full Number Of Axes Of Symmetry, But No Planes Or Centre Of Symmetry. The General Form { Hkl } Is Bounded By Eight Trapezoidal Faces And Is The Tetragonal Trapezohedron. Examples Are Nickel Sulphate Guanidine Carbonate Strychnine Sulphate ( (c21h2ln202)2•h2so4.6h20). ...

Trapezohedral Class_2
Trapezohedral Class (trapezohedral-hemihedral.) Here There Are Three Similar Dyad Axes Inclined To One Another At 60° And Perpendicular To The Triad Axis. There Are No Planes Or Centre Of Symmetry. The Dyad Axes Are Uniterminal, And Are Pyro Electric Axes. Crystals Of Most Substances Of This Class Rotate The Plane ...

Trapezohedral Class_3
Trapezohedral Class (trapezohedral-hemihedral.) Six Dyad Axes Of Two Kinds Are Perpen Dicular To The Hexad Axis. The General Form { Hikl } Is The Hexagonal Trapezohedron Bounded By Twelve Trapezoidal Faces. The Other Simple Forms Are Geometrically The Same As In The Holosymmetric Class. Quartz At Temperatures Above 5 7 ...

Trigonal Bipyramidal Class
Trigonal Bipyramidal Class Here There Is A Plane Of Symmetry Per Pendicular To The Triad Axis. The Trigonal Pyramids Of The Last Class Are Here Trigonal Bipyramids (fig. 75) ; The Prisms Are All Trigonal Prisms, And Parallel To The Plane Of Symmetry Is The Basal Pinacoid. No Example Is ...

Trigonal Pyramidal Class
Trigonal Pyramidal Class (hemimorphic-tetartohedral.) Here There Is Only The Triad Axis Of Symmetry, Which Is Uni Terminal. The General Form { Hkr} Is A Tri Gonal Pyramid Consisting Of Three Faces At One End Of The Crystal. All Other Forms, In Which The Faces Are Neither Parallel Nor Per Pendicular ...

Us Council Of National
Council Of National Defence, U.s., A Peace Time Advisory Body, "established For The Co-ordination Of Industries And Resources, For The National Security And Welfare, And The Creation Of Relations Which Will Render Possible In Time Of Need The Immediate Concentration And Utilization Of The Resources Of The Nation." Although A ...

Varieties Of Cotton Cloth
Varieties Of Cotton Cloth Cotton Fabrics Comprise A Very Great Variety Of Distinct Types And Modifications, Both In Their Structural Features As Well As The Character Of Texture. In Addition To The Chief Name-types, Cotton Fabrics Also Differ In Many Minor Details Of Their Manufacture, In Respect Of The Quality ...

Victor Cousin
Cousin, Victor (1792-1867), French Philosopher, Was Born In Paris, In The Quartier St. Antoine, On Nov. 28, 1792. He Was Educated At The Lycee Charlemagne, And At The Age Of 18 Passed To The Normal School, Where He Later Lectured On Phi Losophy. In 1815-16 He Was Assistant To Royer-collard ...

Vugoslavia
Vugoslavia And Balkan Peninsula.) Ancient And Mediaeval History.—dalmatia Originally Be Longed To The Illyrian Kingdom, Which Was Conquered In 168 B.c. By The Romans, But It Was Not Till A.d. 12 That Tiberius Quelled The Last Of Many Insurrections. Its Capital Delminium Was Prob Ably Durno In Hercegovina. Already In ...

Walter Crane
Crane, Walter (1845-1915), English Artist, Second Son Of Thomas Crane (1808-1859), Portrait Painter And Miniaturist, Was Born In Liverpool On Aug. 15, 1845. The Family Soon Removed To Torquay (where The Boy Gained His Early Artistic Impressions), And, When He Was 12 Years Old, To London. He Early Came Under ...

Walter Cunliffe
Cunliffe, Walter, 1st Baron (1855-1920) English Banker, Was Born In London On Dec. 4, 1855, The Son Of Roger Cunliffe, A Banker Of The City Of London. He Was Educated At Harrow And Trinity College, Cambridge, And Became A Banker In The City In 188o, Establishing In 1890 The Merchant ...

Walter Of Coutances
Coutances, Walter Of (d. 1207), Bishop Of Lin Coln And Archbishop Of Rouen, Commenced His Career In The Chancery Of Henry Ii., Was Elected Bishop Of Lincoln In 1182, And In I 184 Obtained, With The King's Help, The See Of Rouen. Through Out His Career He Was Much Employed ...

Weetman Dickinson Pearson Cowdray
Cowdray, Weetman Dickinson Pearson, Ist Viscount (1856-1927), Was Born At Shelley Woodhouse (yorks.), July 15, 1856, And Educated Privately At Harrogate. He Entered The Family Firm Of S. Pearson & Co., Contractors, Ulti Mately Becoming Its Head. Under Him The Firm Greatly Extended, Undertaking Many Important Contracts And Acquiring Large ...

Wilhelm Cuno
Cuno, Wilhelm (1876-1933), German Statesman, Was Born On July 2, 1876, At Suhl. He Entered The Civil Service And Was Employed From 19o7 In The Treasury. During The World War He Was In Charge Of The Imperial Grain Office Until July 1916; He Was Then Batocki's Chief Assistant In The ...

William Augustus Cumberland
Cumberland, William Augustus, Duke Of Son Of King George Ii. And Queen Caroline, Was Born On April 15, 1721, And When Five Years Of Age Was Created Duke Of Cumberland. After An Unsuccessful Attempt At A Naval Career, He Joined The Army In 1742, Becoming A Major-general In December. In ...

William Barker Cushing
Cushing, William Barker American Naval Officer, Was Born In Delafield, Wis., On Nov. 4, 1842. His Father's Early Death Forced Him And His Two Brothers, Who Later Displayed Great Gallantry In The Army, To Assist Their Mother. He Was For A Time A Congressional Page, But In 1857 Received An ...

William Courtenay
Courtenay, William (c. 1342-1396), English Pre Late, Son Of Hugh Courtenay, Earl Of Devon (d. 1377), And Great Grandson Of Edward I., Studied Law At Stapledon Hall, Oxford, And Became Chancellor Of The University In 1367. Having Been Made Prebendary Of Exeter, Of Wells And Of York, He Was Con ...

William Cowper Cowper
Cowper, William Cowper, 1st Earl (c. 1665 1723), Lord Chancellor Of England, Was The Son Of Sir William Cowper, Bart., Of Ratling Court, Kent, A Whig Member Of Par Liament Of Some Mark In The Two Last Stuart Reigns. Educated At St. Albans School, Cowper Was Called To The Bar ...

William Cowper
Cowper, William (1731-180o), English Poet, Was Born In The Rectory (now Rebuilt) Of Great Berkhamsted, Herts., On Nov. 26 (0.s. 15), 1731. His Father, The Rev. John Cowper, Was Rector Of The Parish As Well As A Chaplain To George Ii., And His Mother, Ann Donne, Belonged To The Same ...

William Craven Craven
Craven, William Craven, Earl Of Eldest Son Of Sir William Craven, Lord Mayor Of London, Ma Triculated At Trinity College, Oxford, In 1623, And Joined The Middle Temple In 1624. He Served Under The Princes Of Orange, And Then In 1632 Joined Frederick, The Exiled King Of Bohemia, In An ...

William Crocker
Crocker, William ), American Botanist, Was Born At Medina, O., On Jan. 27, 1876. He Graduated At The Illinois State Normal University In 1898, At The University Of Illinois In 1902, And Received In 1906 The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy From The University Of Chicago, In Which He Was ...

William Crockford
Crockford, William Proprietor Of Crockford's Club, Was Born In London In 1775, The Son Of A Fish Monger, And For Some Time Himself Carried On That Business. After Winning A Large Sum Of Money (according To One Story £ioo,000) Either At Cards Or By Running A Gambling Establishment, He Built, ...

William Crotch
Crotch, William English Musician, Born At Norwich, Supplies An Instance Of A Musical Prodigy Who Hardly Fulfilled The Promise Of His Youth. When Scarcely More Than Two Years Of Age He Played Upon An Organ Something Like The Tune Of "god Save The King," While At The Age Of Four ...

William Crozier
Crozier, William (1855– ), American Artillerist And Inventor, Born At Carrollton, Carroll County (0.), On Feb. 19, 18s5, Is The Son Of Robert Crozier (1827-95), Chief Justice Of Kansas In 1863-66, And A U.s. Senator 1873-74. He Graduated At West Point In 1876, Was Appointed A 2nd Lieutenant In The ...

William Cullen
Cullen, William No) , Scottish Physician And Medical Teacher, Was Born At Hamilton, Lanarkshire, On April 15, 1710. He Began His Medical Career As Apprentice To John Paisley, A Glasgow Surgeon, And Then Went To Sea As A Ship's Surgeon. On His Return Home In 173 2 He Practised For ...

William Cunningham
Cunningham, William (1805-1861), Scottish Theo Logian And Ecclesiastic, Was Born At Hamilton, Lanarkshire, On Oct. 2, 1805, And Educated At The University Of Edinburgh. In 1834 He Received The Charge Of Trinity College Parish, Edinburgh. In The Stormy Discussions Which Preceded The Disruption, He Was A Powerful Advocate Of The ...

William Cunningham_2
Cunningham, William British Econ Omist, Was Born At Edinburgh On Dec. 2g, 1849. He Was Educated At Edinburgh, Tubingen And Cambridge. He Was University Lec Turer In History From 1884 To 1891, When He Was Named Pro Fessor Of Economics At King's College, London, A Post Which He Held Until ...

William Cureton
Cureton, William (1808-1864), English Orientalist, Was Born At Westbury, Shropshire. Educated At The Free Grammar School Of Newport, And At Christ Church, Oxford, He Took Orders In 1832, Became Chaplain Of Christ Church, Sub-librarian Of The Bodleian, And, In 1837, Assistant Keeper Of Mss. In The British Museum. He Was ...

William Harris Crawford
Crawford, William Harris Ameri Can Statesman, Was Born In Amherst County, Va.,. Feb. 24, 1772. He Studied At Carmel Academy For Two Years, Was Principal Of One Of The Largest Schools In Augusta, And In 1798 Was Admitted To The Bar. With Horatio Marbury, He Prepared A Digest Of The ...

William Henry Lytton Earle
Dalling And Bulwer, William Henry Lytton Earle Bulwer, Baron (1801-1872), Known As Sir Henry Bulwer, English Diplomatist And Author, The Son Of General William Earle Bulwer And His Wife Elizabeth Barbara Lytton Was Born In London On Feb. 13, 1801. His Younger Brother Edward Bulwer, Baron Lytton, Is Separately Noticed. ...

William John Courthope
Courthope, William John (842-1g17), English Writer And Historian Of Poetry, Whose Father Was Rector Of South Malling, Essex, Was Born On July 17, 1842, And Died On April 1o, 1917. From Harrow School He Went To New College, Oxford, Where He Gained Many Honours. His Most Important Works Were The ...

William Leonard Courtney
Courtney, William Leonard (1850-1928), British Journalist, Was Born At Poona On Jan. 5, 185o, And Was Edu Cated At Bath And At University College, Oxford. He Was Elected Fellow Of Merton College In 1872 And Of New College In 1876. In 1890 He Left Oxford And Joined The Editorial Staff ...

Work
Work.) Seal-engraving.—a Lesser Kind Of Sculpture, Seal-engraving, Was Practised Extensively From The Very Earliest Times And De Veloped To Perfection In The M.m. Period. The Early Subjects Are Pictographs And Decorative Devices, Maeanders, Coils And Scrolls, Often Showing Egyptian Affinities, And Were Mostly Cut In Ivory And Steatite. But The ...