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Paul Nikolayevich Milyukov
Milyukov, Paul Nikolayevich ), Russian Politician And Historian, Was Born Near St. Petersburg (leningrad) On Jan. 27, 1859. He Studied History And Humanities At The University Of Moscow, And Received The Degree Of Master In History For A Learned Work On The State Economics Of Russia In The First Quarter ...

Pedro 1519 1574 Menendez De
Menendez De Aviles, Pedro (1519-1574), Span Ish Seaman, Founder Of St. Augustine, Florida, Was Born At Aviles In Asturias On Feb. 15, 1519. At The Age Of 14 Years He Ran Away To Sea, And Was Engaged In Piracy Till He Was Thirty. In 1549 He Was Commissioned By The ...

Pedro 1848 1910 Montt
Montt, Pedro (1848-1910), Chilean Statesman, Son Of Manuel Montt (q.v.), Was Born In Santiago, Chile, In 1848. He Graduated In Law At The Institute Nacional In 1870, And Four Years Later Entered Political Life. In 1876 He Was Elected A Member Of The Chamber Of Deputies, And In 1885 He ...

Pedro Gonzalez De Mendoza
Mendoza, Pedro Gonzalez De Spanish Cardinal And Statesman, Fourth Son Of Iiiigo Lopez De Mendoza, Marquess Of Santillana, Was Born On May 3, 1428, At Guadalajara. The House Of Mendoza Claimed To Descend From The Lords Of Lladio In Alava, And To Have Been Settled In Old Castile In The ...

Pharmacology And Therapeutics
Pharmacology And Therapeutics The British Pharmacopeia Contains Some Twenty-five Mercurial Preparations, Including Those Of Calomel (q.v.). Only The Useful Preparations Will Be Mentioned Here. Free Mercury Is Contained In Hydrargyrum Cum Creta, Or "grey Powder," Which Consists Of One Part Of Mercury To Two Of Prepared Chalk. The Dose Is ...

Phil 1864 1903 May
May, Phil (1864-1903), English Caricaturist, Born At Wortley, Near Leeds On April 22, 1864, The Son Of An Engineer. His Father Died When The Child Was Nine Years Old, And At Twelve He Began To Earn His Living. Before He Was 15 He Acted As Time Keeper At A Foundry, ...

Philip Massinger
Massinger, Philip (1583-164o), English Dramatist, Son Of Arthur Massinger Or Messanger, Was Baptized At St. Thomas's, Salisbury, On Nov. 24, 1583. He Entered St. Alban Hall, Oxford, In 1602. His Father Was Attached To The Household Of The 2nd Earl Of Pembroke, But On The Succession Of William Herbert In ...

Philipp 1497 1560 Melanchthon
Melanchthon, Philipp (1497-1560), German Theo Logian And Reformer, Was Born At Bretten In Baden On Feb. 16, 1497. His Father, George Schwartzerd, Was An Armourer Under The Palatinate Princes. His Mother, Barbara Reuter, A Niece Of Johann Reuchlin, Was Shrewd, Thrifty And Affectionate. Reuchlin Took An Interest In The Boy, ...

Philippe Antoine Merlin
Merlin, Philippe Antoine, Count , French Politician And Lawyer, Known As Merlin "of Douai," Was Born At Arleux (nord) On Oct. 30, 1754, And Was Called To The Flemish Bar In 1775. As Deputy For Douai In The Constituent Assembly He Carried Important Legislation Abolishing The Feudal And Seignorial Rights. ...

Philippe De 1549 1623 Mornay
Mornay, Philippe De (1549-1623), Seigneur Du Plessis-marly, Usually Known As Du-plessis-mornay Or Mornay Du Plessis, French Protestant, Was Born At Buhy In Normandy On Nov. 5, 1549. His Mother Had Leanings Toward Protestantism, And, On His Father's Death In 1559, The Family Formally Adopted The Reformed Faith. Mornay Studied Law ...

Physiology
Physiology Hormones.—bier Found Reason To Believe That A Chemical Stimulus (hormone) Secreted By The Retina Initiates The Formation Of The Lens In The Larva Of The Newt (molge), And That A Hormone Formed From Bone-marrow Underlies Repair Of Bone. From This He Argued That Repair In General Is Dependent Upon ...

Pomponius Mela
Mela, Pomponius (fl. C. A.d. 43)7 The Earliest Roman Geographer. His Little Work (de Situ Orbis Libri Iii.) Is A Mere Compendium, Occupying Less Than One Hundred Pages Of Ordinary Print, Dry In Style And Deficient In Method, But Of Pure Latinity, And Occasionally Relieved By Pleasing Word-pictures. Excepting The ...

Preservation Of Monuments
Monuments, Preservation Of (lat. Monumen Tum Or Monirnentum; From Monere, To Advise, Bring To Mind, Remind; The German Equivalent Is Denkmal), Literally, That Which Serves To Keep Alive The Memory Of A Person, An Event, Or A Period. The Word Is Thus Applied To A Column, Statue Or Building Erected ...

Primitive Morality
Morality, Primitive. We Know Nothing Of The Be Ginnings Of The Moral Life Of Man, Nothing Of The Transition From Animal Behaviour To Human Conduct. In Animal Behaviour There Is Not A Rudimentary Morality But Rather The Material Which, In Human Life, Intelligence Fashions Into Morality. The Only Source Of ...

Prince Alexander Mavrocordato 1791 1865
Prince Alexander Mavrocordato (1791-1865), Greek States Man, A Descendant Of The Hospodars, Was Born At Constantinople On Feb. I I, 1791. In 1812 He Went To The Court Of His Uncle Ioannes Caradja, Hospodar Of Walachia, With Whom He Passed Into Exile In Russia And Italy (1817). He Was A ...

Prosper Merimee
Merimee, Prosper (1803-187o), French Novelist, Archaeologist, Essayist, And In All These Capacities One Of The Greatest Masters Of French Style During The 19th Century, Was Born At Paris On Sept. 28, 1803. His Grandfather, Of Norman Extraction, Had Been A Lawyer And Steward To The Marechal De Broglie. His Father, ...

Provincial Tours
Provincial Tours The Enterprise Of The Illustre Theatre Had Ended In Disaster, And Jean Poquelin Might Reasonably Have Hoped That His Son Would Now Return To The Business Of His Fathers. What Followed Might Be Regarded As A Proof Of Genius Or Infatuation. Moliere, Having Failed In Paris, Decided To ...

Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis) In The Conception Of Mental Conflict Resulting From The Active Forgetting Or Repression Of Unpleasant Experiences Is Undoubted, But To Refer Them Mainly To Sexual Causes Was Shown By War Experience To Be Too Narrow A View, And The Treatment By Psychoanalysis And Interpretation Of Dreams, And The Patient's ...

Raimondo Montecucculi
Montecucculi, Raimondo, Count Of (1609? 168o), Prince Of The Holy Roman Empire And Neapolitan Duke Of Melfi, Austrian General, Born Feb. 2, 1608 Or 1609, At The Castle Of Montecucculo In Modena. At The Age Of Sixteen Monte Cucculi Began As A Private Soldier Under His Uncle, Count Ernest Montecucculi, ...

Ralph Montagu
Montagu, Ralph, 1st Duke Of (c. 1638-1709), Eng Lish Diplomatist, Was The Second Son Of Edward, 2nd Baron Montagu Of Boughton (1616-84), Whose Peerage Was One Of Several Granted In The 17th Century To Different Members Of The Montagu Family (q.v.). Appointed Master Of The Horse To Queen Catherine, Wife ...

Reference
Reference. Molybdenum, Publication No. 592, 1925, Department Of Mines, Canada. (w. Wa.) Molybdenum Of The Metal Molybdenum As An Addi Tion To Other Alloy Steels And As An Alloy In Plain Carbon Steels Has Become Widespread In Both England And America Since 1920. Prior To The Commercial Development Of A ...

Rene Nicolas Charles Augus
Maupeou, Rene Nicolas Charles Augus Tin ( ,1714-1792), Chancellor Of France, Was Born On Feb. 25, 1714, Being The Eldest Son Of Rene Charles De Maupeou (1688– '775), Who Was President Of The Parlement Of Paris From 1743 To 1757. He Was His Father's Right Hand In The Conflicts Between ...

Richard 1596 1669 Mather
Mather, Richard (1596-1669), American Congrega Tional Minister, Was Born In Lowton, Lancashire, England. At I5 He Began To Teach At A Grammar School At Toxteth Park, Near Liverpool. In 1618 He Attended Brasenose College, Oxford, For A Few Months, But In November Became Minister Of The Toxteth Chapel. His Puritan ...

Robert 1734 1806 Morris
Morris, Robert (1734-1806), American Financier, A Signer Of The Declaration Of Independence, Was Born In Liverpool, England, On Jan. 31, 1734. He Joined His Father In America In 1747, Entered A Mercantile House, And In 1754 Became A Member Of A Prosperous Firm In Which He Later Became Partner. In ...

Robert 1782 1834 Morrison
Morrison, Robert (1782-1834), The First Protestant Missionary To China, Was Born Of Scottish Parents At Buller's Green, Near Morpeth, On Jan. 5, 1782. After Receiving An Elemen Tary Education In Newcastle, He Was Apprenticed To A Lastmaker, But His Spare Hours Were Given To Theology, And In 1803 He Was ...

Robert 1795 1883 Moffat
Moffat, Robert (1795-1883), Scottish Congregational Ist Missionary To Africa, Was Born At Ormiston, Haddingtonshire, On Dec. 21, 1795, Of Humble Parentage. He Began As A Gardener, But In 1814 When Employed At High Leigh In Cheshire, Offered Him Self To The London Missionary Society, And In 1816 Was Sent Out ...

Robert Andrews Millikan
Millikan, Robert Andrews ) , Ameri Can Physicist, Was Born At Morrison, Ill., March 22, 1868, And Re Ceived His Education At Oberlin College (a.b., 1891; A.m., 1893) Where He Was Instructor In Physics 1891-93. He Then Proceeded To Columbia University (ph.d., 1895), And The Universities Of Berlin And Gottingen ...

Salmon
Salmon). When A Migratory Fish Comes Inshore Or Ascends The Rivers To Spawn, The Term Anadromous Is Used, With Its Counterpart Cata Dromous, When The Spawning Occurs In Deepish Salt Water; Other Useful Terms For Different Types Of Movement Have Been Defined By Meek. The Researches Of Schmidt Show That ...

Samuel Finley Breese Morse
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese ( ,1791-1872), American Artist And Inventor, Was Born At Charlestown (mass.) On April 27, 1791. In 1810 He Graduated At Yale College, Where Under The Instruction Of Jeremiah Day And Benjamin Silliman He Received The First Impulse Towards Electrical Studies. In 1811 Morse, Whose Tastes During ...

Sassanian Period
Sassanian Period Ardashir's Power Was Rising When The Parthian Artabanus Died In 224 (227) , And Ardashir Proposed To Prove Himself The Suc Cessor Of The Achaemenidae. Hatra Resisted The First Persian At Tack As It Had Resisted Rome ; But Mesopotamia Was Overrun, Nisibis And Carrhae Being Taken (233). ...

Simon De Montfort
Montfort, Simon De, Earl Of Leicester (c. 120o 1265), English Statesman And Soldier, Was Born In France, The Fourth And Youngest Son Of Simon Iv. De Montfort (see Above), The Leader Of The Albigensian Crusade. Simon Iv., Whose Mother Was An Heiress Of The Beaumont Family, Claimed In Her Right, ...

Simple Microscope
Simple Microscope The Distinctness With Which The Detail Of An Object Can Be Seen Depends On (a) The Sharpness Of The Image Produced In The Eye And (b) The Size Of This Image. As An Object Is Brought Nearer And Nearer To The Eye, It Is Seen More And More ...

Sir Frederick Stanley Maude
Maude, Sir Frederick Stanley British Soldier, Son Of Gen. Sir Frederick Maude, V.c., Was Born At Gibraltar On June 24, 1864. In The South African War, As Brigade-major Of The Guards Brigade, He Took Part In The Advance To Pretoria. After A Spell In Canada As Military Secretary To The ...

Sir Henry Morgan
Morgan, Sir Henry (c. 1635-1688), Welsh Buccaneer, And Lieutenant-governor Of Jamaica, Is Said To Have Been Kidnapped As A Boy At Bristol And Sold As A Slave At Barbadoes, Thence Making His Way To Jamaica, And Is Possibly To Be Identified With The Cap Tain Morgan Who Accompanied The Expedition ...

Sir James Augustus Henry
Murray, Sir James Augustus Henry (1837 1915), British Lexicographer, Was Born At Denholm, Near Hawick, On Feb. 7, 1837. After A Local Elementary Education He Proceeded To Edinburgh, And Thence To The University Of London, Where He Graduated In 1873. Sir James Murray, Who Received Honorary Degrees From Several Universities, ...

Sir John 1761 1809 Moore
Moore, Sir John (1761-1809), British General, The Son Of John Moore, Was Born At Glasgow On Nov. 13, 1761. By The Duke Of Hamilton's Influence He Obtained An Ensigncy In The 51st Foot (1776), Learned His Drill At Minorca, And In 1778 Was Ap Pointed Captain-lieutenant In A New Regiment ...

Sir John Everett Millais
Millais, Sir John Everett English Painter, Was Born At Southampton On June 8, 1829, The Son Of John William Millais, Who Belonged To An Old Norman Family Settled In Jersey For Many Generations, And Emily Mary, Nee Evamy, The Widow Of A Mr. Hodgkinson. After His Birth The Family Returned ...

Sir Moses Haim Montefiore
Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim Jewish Philanthropist, Was Born At Leghorn On Oct. 24, 1784, Of A Family Of Jewish Merchants Who Had Settled At Ancona And Leghorn In The 17th Century. His Uncle Purchased For Him The Right To Practice As One Of The 12 Jewish Brokers Licensed By The ...

Sir Robert Burnett David
Morier, Sir Robert Burnett David (1826 1893), British Diplomatist, Was Born At Paris On March 31, 1826. On Leaving Balliol College, Oxford, Where His Life-long Friendship With Jowett Had Begun, He Obtained An Appointment In The Edu Cation Department, But Resigned In 1852, And In The Following Year Became Attaché ...

Sir Roderick Impey 1792 1871
Murchison, Sir Roderick Impey (1792-1871), British Geologist, Was Born At Tarradale, Scotland, On Feb. 19, 1792. Educated At Durham And The Military College, Great Mar Low, He Landed (1808) With Wellesley In Galicia, And Was Pres Ent At The Actions Of Rorica And Vimiera. Under Sir John Moore He Took ...

Sir Thomas 1478 1535 More
More, Sir Thomas (1478-1535), English Lord Chan Cellor, And Author Of Utopia, Was Born In Milk Street In The City Of London, On Feb. 7, 1478. He Attended St. Anthony's School In Threadneedle Street, At That Time Under Nicolas Holt, And At Thirteen Was Early Placed In The Household Of ...

Sir Thomas Erskine May
May, Sir Thomas Erskine: See Farnborough. And Flowers Were Borne Back In Triumph To The Towns And Vil Lages, The Centre Of The Procession Being Occupied By The Maypole, Glorious With Ribbons And Wreaths. The Maypole Was Usu Ally Of Birch, And Set Up For The Day Only; But In ...

Sir William Molesworth
Molesworth, Sir William, Bart. English Politician, Son Of The 7th Baronet, Was Born On May 23, 1810 In London. After Succeeding To Baronetcy In 1823, He Studied At Edinburgh, Cambridge, Offenbach, Rome And Naples. On The Passing Of The Reform Act Of 1832 He Was Returned To Parliament For The ...

Some Simple Stress Distributions
Some Simple Stress-distributions Turning From The Methods To The Results Of Mathematical Enquiry, We Remark That Some Of Its Simplest Solu Tions Are Those Which Have Proved Most Useful To The Practical Engineer. Thus The "tie," Or Member Subjected To Tensile Load, Is One Of The Commonest Of Structural Units ...

Sound Motion Picture Technology
Sound Motion Picture Technology As The General Principles Which Cover The Production Of Photo Graphic Images Also Apply To Sound Motion Picture Photography, The Article On Photography Should Be Consulted. The Manufac Ture Of The Film Is Dealt With Under Photography. Made, Is Supplied In Rolls Boo To I,000ft. In ...

Spinal
Spinal). The Posterior Triangle Is Formed By The Sterno-mastoid In Front, The Trapezius Behind, And The Clavicle Below; In Its Floor From Above Downward Part Of The Following Muscles Are Seen : Complexus, Splenius, Levator Anguli Scapulae, Scalenus Medius And Scalenus Anticus. Sometimes A Small Piece Of The Scalenus Posticus ...

Springs And Riding Quality
Springs And Riding Quality Front Suspension.—there Are Two Systems Of Front Suspen Sion Which Are Used On The Chassis Of Motor Vehicles. These Are, First, The Axle Type Employing Laminated Leaf Springs Which Are Generally Of The Semi-elliptic Variety, And, Second, The Independent Suspension Type Wherein Each Front Wheel May ...

St George Jackson Mivart
Mivart, St. George Jackson Eng Lish Biologist, Was Born On Nov. 3o, 1827, In London. In 1851 He Was Called To The Bar, But Devoting Himself To Scientific Studies, He Was Appointed Lecturer At St. Mary's Hospital Medical School In 1862, And From 1874 To 1877 Was Professor Of Biology ...