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Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature

Ii Unbloody Offerings
Ii. Unbloody Offerings. These Were-1.the Mincha Proper, Usually Rendered In The : A. V. Meat-offering.' Of This, Three Leading De Scriptions Are Mentioned : (r.) Fine Flour N5b, Accompanied By Oil And Frankincense (lev. ; (2) Unleavened Cakes Of Fine Flour, Accompanied With Oil, Prepared In The Oven, "mi (ver. ...

Ii Wind
Ii. Wind Instruments.—there Is, Happily, Less Difficulty With Respect To Instruments Of This Class Than With Respect To Stringed Instruments. The Most Ordinary Division Of These Is Into Trum Pets And Pipes, Of Which The Hebrews Had Both, And Of Various Kinds. . In2 Keren, 'horn,' Sometimes, But Not Often, ...

Ii The West Aramaic
Ii. The West Aramaic Or Syriac.—of This Dialect In Its Ancient Form No Specimens Remain. As It Is Known To Us, It Is The Dialect Of A Chris Tianized People, And Its Oldest Document Is The Translation Of The N. T., Which Was Probably Made In The Second Century. [syriac ...

Iiadadezer
Iiadadezer (1/11171, Hadad-helped ; Sept. 'aspacq-cip), Or Hadadrelr, King Of Zobah, A Powerful Monarch In The Time Of David, And The Only One Who Seems To Have Been In A Condition Seriously To Dispute With Him The Predominancy In South-western Asia. He Was Defeated By The Is Raelites In The ...

Iiadracii Tm
Iiadracii (tm ; Scpt. Fec5pdx). The Meaning Of The Only Passage In Which This Name Occurs (zech. Ix. I) Is Obscure. It May Be Thus Rendered, 'the Announcement Of The Word Of The Lord Upon The Land Of Hadrach, And Damascus Shall Be Its (the Word's) Etc. Adri Chomius Says, ...

Iiannah
Iiannah, Properly Channaii Onn, Gra Ciousness ; Sept. 'ania), Wife Of A Levite Named And Festival Of The Year. As These Lessons Have Been Read From Time Immemorial In Conjunction With Sections From The Law, And As It Is To Both 'the Reading Of The Law And The Prophets,' That ...

Iiauran
Iiauran ; Sept. A6paarts, And 'opavi Tis ; Vulg. Auran), A Province Of Palestine, East Of The Jordan, Embracing A Portion Of The Ancient Kingdom Of Bashan. Ezekiel Is The Only One Of The Sacred Writers Who Mentions It. In Describing The Northern Border Of The 'promised Land,' He Gives ...

Iiebron
Iiebron (fri2r1; Sept. Xeppdiv), A Town In The South Of Palestine And In The Tribe Of Judah, /8 Miles South From Jernsalem, In 31° 32' 30" N. Lat., 35° 8' 20" E. Long., At The Height Of 2664 Paris Feet Above The Level Of The Sea (schubert). It Is One ...

Iierakles
Iierakles (`hprua4s) Is Mentioned In 2 Mac Cab. Iv. 1 9, As The Tyrian God To Whom The Jewish High-priest Jason Sent A Religious Embassy (0ecopoi), With The Offering Of 3oo Drachmx Of Silver. That This Tyrian Hercules (herod. Ii. 44) Is The Same As The Tyrian Baal, Is Evident ...

Iieresy
Iieresy (ai'pects), As Used In The N. T., Means A Sect Or Party. In This Sense It Is Used Of The Pharisees As One Of The Religious Parties Among The Jews (acts V. 17 ; Xv. 5 ; Xxvi. 5 ; Xxviii. 22) ; And It Is In The Same ...

Iierodians
Iierodians, A Class Of Jews That Existcd In The Time Of Jesus Christ, Whether Of A Political Or Religious Description It Is Not Easy, For Want Of Materials, To Determine. The Passages Of The N. T. Which Refer To Them Are The Following,‘ Matt. Xxii. 6 ; Mark Iii. 6 ...

Iii
Iii. A Collection Of Four Oracles Delivered At Various Times In The Fourth Year Of Darius, And Partly Occasioned By A Request Of The Nation To Be Divinely Informed, Whether, Now On Their Happy Return To Their Fatherland, The Month Of Jerusalem's Overthrow Should Be Registered In Their Sacred Calendar ...

Iii Animal Substances
Iii. Animal Substances :— Such Substances Can Be But In A Small Degree ‘pplicable To Building. /vary Houses Are Men Tioned In I Kings Xxii. 39 ; Amos Iii. ; Most Likely From Certain Parts Of The Wood-work, Pro Bably About The Doors And Windows, Being Inlaid With This Valuable ...

Iii Character Of The
Iii. Character Of The Composition Of Tiie Book.—on This Subject There Are Three Different Opinions Some Contend That The Book Con Tains An Entirely True History. 2. Others Assert That It Is Founded On A True History, Which Has Been Recast, Modified, And Enlarged By The Author. 3. The Third ...

Iii Instruments Of
Iii: Instruments Of Percussion,-or Such As Give Forth Their Sounds On Being Struck Or Shaken. 1. Htl, Toph, Seems To Have Denoted Primarily The Tambourine, And Generally All Instruments Of The Drum Kind Which Were In Use Among The Israelites. There Is Not The Slightest Doubt About This Instru Ment. ...

Iii Later Latin Versions
Iii. Later Latin Versions. — Both Before And Since The Invention Of Printing, Attempts Have Been Made To Present, Through The Medium Of Latin, A Correcter Version Of The Original Texts Than That Found In The More Ancient Latin Versions. Of These We Have Space Only For A Bare Catalogue. ...

Iii Money In N
Iii. Money In N. T.-1. Greek Following Greek Coins Are Mentioned In The N. T., A'idrache (s. V.), Drachm (s. V), W. Mite And Farthing). And Stater Ts. V.) This Last Was The Piece Of Money Found By St. Peter In The Fish To Pay The Tribute-money. It Has Been ...

Iii Physical Geography
Iii. Physical Geography. —the Physical Con Formation Of Palestine Is Simple, Peculiar, And In Some Respects Unique. It Divides Itself Into Four Longitudinal Belts, Each Reaching From North To South ; And These Belts Are As Distinct In Their Poli Tical History As In Their Physical Structure. In Fact, A ...

Iii Temple Of
Iii. Temple Of Herod.—herod, Wishing To Ingratiate Himself With The Church And State Party, And Being Fond Of Architectural Display, Undertook Not Merely To Repair The Second Temple, But To Raise A Perfectly New Structure. As, However, The Temple Of Zerubbabel Was Not Actually Destroyed, But Only Removed After The ...

Iii Usage Of And
Iii. Usage Of And Its Derivatives In The N. T.—confining Our Notice Here Simply To The Philology Of The Subject, The Instances Of This Usage May Be Classified Thus :— I. The Verb Or Noun Alone, Or With The Object Bap Tized Merely As Parrtcoryat, Matt. Iii. 13, 14; Pcurno-bas, ...

Iii The Amoraim
Iii. The Amoraim (n.rnnt:), Or Later Doc Tors Of The Law. I. Name And Date. — The Name Amoraim (o'n.111-n, Sing. Til)cti, From -inx, To Say, To Hold Forth, To Expound), Like The Appellation Tanainz, Is Aramaic ; It Literally Denotes Recorders, Expositors, And Was Given, After The Redaction Of ...

Iii The History Of
Iii. The History Of Bel And The Dragon. I. Title And Position.—this Apocryphal Piece, Which Is Called By Theodotion, Or In Our Editions Of The Septuagint, Kat Apcbccuv, Bel And The Dragon, And In The Vulgate, The History Of Bel And The Great Serpent, Has In The Septuagint The Inscription, ...

Iiolofernes
Iiolofernes Roxoopyns). This Name Oc Curs Only In The Apocrypha (judith Ii. 4, Et Al.) Nebuchadnezzar King Of Nineveh,' Having Re I Solved To Avenge Himself On All The Earth, Ap. Pointed Holofernes General Of The Expedition In Tended For This Purpose, Consisting Of 12o,000 Foot And 12,000 Horse. Holofernes ...

Iioney
Iioney. In The Scripture There Are Three Words Denoting Different Sweet Substances, All Ot Which Are Rendered By Honey' In The A.v. These It Is Necessary To Distinguish. 1. -13.,4 Year, Which Only Occurs In Sam. Xiv. 25, 27. 29; Cant. V. ; And Denotes The Honey Of Bees And ...

Iiutchinson
Iiutchinson, John, Author Of A Mysti Cal And Cabalistic Interpretation Of The Hebrew Scriptures,' Was Born At Spennithorne, Yorkshire, In 7674, And Died Aug. 2ff, 7737. He Received A Good Education, And Became, At The Age Of Nine Teen, Steward To Mr. Bathurst, And Afterwards To The Duke Of Somerset. ...

Il Hieronymian Or Vulgate
Il Hieronymian Or Vulgate Version.—i. Labours Of Yerome.—to Such An Extent Had Igno Rance, Carelessness, And Unskilful Emendation Cor Rupted The Copies Of The Itala In Use, That It Became Generally And Strongly Felt That Something Must Be Done To Rescue The Latin Churches From The Evils To Which This ...

Il Symbolical Significance Of
Il Symbolical Significance Of Colours. Throughout Antiquity Colour Occupied An Impor Tant Place In The Symbology Both Of Sentiment And Of Worship. Of The Analogies On Which These Sym Bolical Meanings Were Founded, Some Lie On The Surface, While Others Are More Recondite. Thus White Was Everywhere The Symbol Of ...

Il The History Of
Il The History Of Susanna. 1. Title And Position.—this Apocryphal Piece Has Different Titles. Sometimes It Is Called (eova Dppa) Susanna, Sometimes (aa.147)x) Daniel, And Sometimes Pcikincns Actuojx) The Y Udgment Of Da Niel. Equally Uncertain Is Its Position. The Vat. And Alex. Mss., And The Vet. Lat., Place It ...

Illyricum
Illyricum C1xxvplx-60, A Country Lying Along The Eastern Shore Of The Adriatic Gulf, North Of Epirus. The Apostle Paul, In His Third Great Missionary Journey, After Traversing Asia Minor And Macedonia, Tells The Church Of Rome, That Round About Unto Illyricum (klik47 Agxpt Roil '1xxv P(koi)) I Have Fully Preached ...

Immanuel B Salomon Romi
Immanuel B. Salomon Romi. This Distinguished Poet And Commentator, Also Called Min 719n, The Prince Of Science In Rome, Was Born In The Eternal City About A.d. 1265, Of A Highly Respectable Roman Family Denominated (m`yratt) Ziphronim, And By Diligent Study And His Natural Endowments Soon Became Master Of The ...

Incense
Incense, Rricp, Once Nnzcp, Lxx. Butdaya, . Avvoecrts ; Vulg. Thymiama, I; To. Be Distinguished From M.3, Lebonah, Or Frankincense, With Which, However, It Is Confounded By Calmet, As It Some Times Also Is In The A. V.; The Former Being A Con Fection Of Several Sweet Spices ; Tbe ...

India
India (lirl ; Sept. '11181k7)). This Name Oc Curs Only In Esther I. ; Viii. 9, Where The Persian King Is Described As Reigning From India Unto Ethiopia, Over A Hundred And Seven And Twenty Provinces.' It Is Found Again, However, In The Apocrypha, Where India Is Mentioned Among The ...

Inheritance
Inheritance. The Laws And Observances Which Determine The Acquisition And Regulate The Devolution Of Property, Are Among The Influences Whick Affect The Vital Interests Of States ; And It Is Therefore Of High Consequence To Ascertain The Nature And Bearing Of The Laws And Observances Re Lating To This Subject, ...

Inspiration
Inspiration. This Word Is Sometimes Used To Denote The Excitement And Action Of A Fervent Imagination In The Poet Or Orator. But Even In This Case There Is Generally A Reference To Some Supposed Divine Influence, To Which The Excited Action Is Owing. It Is Once Used In Scripture To ...

Ionia
Ionia. It Has Been Suggested That In Mac Cab. Viii. 8, For The Existing Reading Xtupap L'iv6ucim .111igetar, Should Be Read X. R. 'icovlav Kal Aluatav, On The Ground That To Include India And Media Within The Domain Of Antiochus Iii. Is To Contradict Directly The Voice Of History, Which ...

Isaac
Isaac (pr,t, Or P11.c,:', As It Occurs Four Times In The Poetical Books, Viz., Ps. Cv. 9 ; Jer. Xxxiii. 26 ; Amos Vii. 9, 16--in The Last Two Cases Being Put Poetically For The 1.vhole Nation Of Israel ; I,xx. 'io-acik, Laughter, Sporting), Son Of Abraham And Sarah, And ...

Isaac B Abraham Troki
Troki, Isaac B. Abraham, Who Derived His Name From His Native-place Troki, A Town Of Russia-poland, Near Wilna, Was Born In 1533. Being Karaite Jews [sadducees] His Parents Placed Him Under The Tuition Of R. Zephaniah B. Mordecai, A Distinguished Karaite Writer At Troki. Under The Guidance Of This Scholarly ...

Isaac Ha Levi Satanow
Satanow, Isaac Ha-levi. This Remark Able Philosopher, Poet, Talmudist, Lexicographer, And Commentator, Was Bom Elul 29, 1732, At Satanow Or Satanov, In Russian Poland, Whence He Obtained His Name. He Came To Berlin In 1772, Where, At The Age Of Forty, Lae Began To Issue Those Celebrated Works For Which ...

Isaac Marcus Jost
Jost, Isaac Marcus, The Ornament Of Modern Jews, The First Israelite Who, Since The Days Of Josephus, Wrote The History Of God's Ancient People, Was Born In Bernhurg, Feb. 22, 1793, Of Very Poor Jewish Parents. At The Tender Age Of Five, He, Being The Only Brother Of Eleven Sisters, ...

Isaac Samuel Reggio
Reggio, Isaac Samuel, Was Born August Is, 1784, At Giirz, In Illyria. His Father, As The Rabbi Of The Place, Gave Him A Thorough Jewish Education, And Reggio, With His Brilliant Powers, Soon Became Master Of The Literature Of His Nation, And Acquired An Extraordinary Knowledge Of He Brew. His ...

Isaiah
Isaiah (r141,t;"; Sept. 'ho-aias). I. Tzenes And Circumstances Of The Prophet Isaiah. —the Heading Of This Book Places The Prophet Under The Reigns Of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, And Hezekiah, Kings Of Judah ; And An Examination Of The Pro Phecies Themselves, Independently Of The Heading, Leads Us To The Same ...

Ish Bosheth
Ish-bosheth ⁢ Man Of Shame ; Sept. 'iepocrfie), A Son Of King Saul, And The Only One Who Survived Him. In Chron. Viii. 33, And Ix. 39, This Name Is Given As 3,,zv:)n Eshbaal. Baal Was The Name Of An Idol, Accounted Abomin Able By The Hebrews, And Which Scrupulous ...