In 1899 the Socialist Labor party split, largely over the proper relation to be maintained between the party and the unions. The largest fraction united with the Social Demo cratic party that had sprung up around Eugene V. Debs as a result of the American Railway Union strike in 1894. This union took place at a convention in Indianapolis, July 1901. For four successive elections Eugene V. Debs was the Presidential candidate, polling a steadily increasing vote. The party has also elected many members of State legislatures, two mem bers of Congress and many municipal officers. The party membership for 1915 was nearly 100,000. The vote of the two parties from their establishment has been as follows: The Socialist party throughout the war con tinued its and public opposition to the war." Numerous groups tried without success to modify this opposition. As a result serious defections resulted. Most of the Socialist per iodicals were denied the second-class mailing privileges and many were arrested and im prisoned under the Espionage Act and other war-time laws. In the elections of 1918 So cialist represention was ?tit down in many in stances. through the fusion of the reactionary Republican and Democratic parties. The So cialists who opposed ' the anti-war activities of the old party formed a separate organization called the Social jDemocratic League. It sup ported the war cei> the same bases as the Inter Ailied and Labor Conference.
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