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Abscess And Tumour Of
Abscess And Tumour Of The Brain. When The First Edition Of This Book Was Pub Lished, Abscess And Tumour Of The Brain Were Barely Mentioned, Because The Detection Of Them During Life Was A Matter Of Very Great Difficulty, And Their Treatment Was An Impossibility. But, In The Interval Since ...

Absorption From The Skin
Absorption From The Skin. Now It Is Easy To Fail To Estimate The Import Ance Of The Lymphatic System, And Perhaps Its Significance Will Be Best Understood By A Few Examples. Let It Be Repeated That Lymphatic Channels Exist In Every Organ And Tissue; They Abound In The Skin. Now ...

Absorption From The Tissues
Absorption From The Tissues In General. Lymphatic Vessels.—now In Every Organ And Tissue There Is A Set Of Vessels, Called Lym Phatic Vessels, Precisely Similar To The Lacteal Vessels Of The Mesentery; And They Are Connected With Lymphatic Glands Just As The Lacteals Are Connected With Mesenteric Glands. These Lymphatic ...

Affections Of Voice And
Affections Of Voice And Speech. The Voice May Be Affected In Various Ways. It May Be Weakened, That Is, Its Force Dimin Ished, By Any Disease Which Reduces The General Strength, Or The Extent Of The Move Ments Of The Vocal Cords May Be Voluntarily Lessened Because Of The Pain ...

Affections Of The Bladder
Affections Of The Bladder In Women. Painful, Difficult, Or Frequent Passing Of Water Very Often Occurs In Women As A Consequence Of Some Affection Of The Womb Or Genital Passage. Inflammation Of The Passage (p. 655) Is Apt To Spread Up To The Canal Leading To The Bladder, And Cause ...

Affections Of The Breast
Affections Of The Breast: The Milk Supply. Cracks And Fissures Of The Nipples Are A Common Cause Of Much Suffering After Child Birth. These Are To Be Avoided By Regular Nursing, By Carefully Bathing The Nipples After Each Nursing With Cold Water And Drying Them, And By The Use Of ...

Affections Of The External
Affections Of The External Generative Organs. The Skin In The Neighbourhood Of The Exter Nal Opening Of The Genital Canal Is Liable To Many Of The Affections Common To The Skin In Other Parts, And Such Affections May Affect The Membrane Lining The Entrance To The Passage. Thrush, For Example, ...

Affections Of The Glands
Affections Of The Glands Of The Skin. Excessive Secretion Of The Sebaceous Glands (seborrlicea). —the Sebaceous Glands Separate An Oily Fluid Which Keeps The Skin Moist And Soft. This Is Produced In Excessive Quantity In The Disease Named. It Occurs Specially In Young People Between Fifteen And Twenty-five, On The ...

Affections Of The Hair
Affections Of The Hair And Nails. Excess Of Hair May Grow In Excess Over Large Surfaces Or Over Small Areas, As A Hairy Mole, Sometimes Producing Disfigure Ment. The Hairs May Be Pulled Out If They Are Few, Or May Be Destroyed By Various Applica Tions, Called Depilatories, If They ...

Affections Of The Sense
Affections Of The Sense Of Sight. (myopia) And (hypermetropia) Have Been Explained On Pp. 454 And 455. For The Former The Treatment Is Doubly Concave Spectacles, For The Latter Doubly Convex Spectacles, Which Any Optician Can Sup Ply. Care Should Be Taken Never To Get Concave Spectacles Too Strong, Else ...

Ailments At The Periods
Ailments At The Periods Of Teething And Weaning. The Period Of Teething Is Undoubtedly A Time When The Child Is Easily Upset, Restless, And Highly Excitable, And, Therefore, More Liable To Ailments Than At Other Times. But It Is Quite Certain That To The Teething Process Is Attri Buted All ...

Air Exercise
Exercise, Air, And Sleep. Even The Youngest Infant Derives Great Benefit From Such Exercise As Is Possible To It, As It Lies Free And Unrestrained On Its Mother's Or Nurse's Lap. For This Reason The Washing And Dressing Of A Child Should Be Leisurely Rather Than Hur Riedly Performed, Provided ...

Angina Pectoris
Angina Pectoris. Angina Pectoris Means Literally Breast Pang. It Is A Very Peculiar Disease, And Was First Properly Described By Dr. Heberden, Who Named It Because Of The Sensation Of Strangling In The Breast, Which Is Its Chief Symptom (latin, Anqo, To Strangle, And Pectus, The Breast). Its Cause Is ...

Animal Mechanics
Animal Mechanics. Standing In The Erect Posture Is The Position Which Requires Least Muscular Exertion, The Different Curves Of The Back-bone Aiding In Balancing The Trunk, And The Various Joints Being So Constructed That Only A Certain Amount Of Steadying Action Is Required On The Part Of The Muscles, The ...

Artificial Feeding
Artificial Feeding. When It Is Necessary To Bring Up A Child By Hand, The Greatest Care And Accuracy Are Re Quired In The Preparation Of The Food. There Is Now In The Market A Very Large Number Of Foods For Infants, To Which The Mother Or Nurse Who Thinks More ...

Atrophy Overgrowth
Overgrowth, Atrophy, And Degeneration. Overgrowth (hypertrophy) And Dilatation Of The Heart Have Been Noted As Results Of Valve Disease. But Either May Occur Independently Of Any Valve Disease, And Is Then Spoken Of As Simple Hypertrophy And Simple Dilatation, And The Two May Be Combined. Simple Hypertrophy Occurs As A ...

Bacteria
Bacteria. The Name Infusoria Was Applied To The Organ Isms Discovered By Leenwenhoeck, But The Much More Minute Living Things Rendered Visible By More Powerful Lenses Were Up To A Late Period All Classified Under The Term Bac Teria, Which Is A Greek Word (baherion) Mean Ing A Little Staff. ...

Bathing
Bathing. There Is Certainly Nothing Which Conduces So Much To The Comfort And Health Of A Child As Regular Bathing From The First Day Of Its Life. The Infant Should Have Its First Bath Im Mediately After Its Birth. The Bath Should Be Large Enough To Permit The Child To ...

Bed Time
Bed-time : A Tumbler Of Hot Water With Quarter Tea-spoonful Bicarbonate Of Soda And A Pinch Of Salt. If Dinner Is Taken About 1 P.m. The Meal Suggested For 7 P.m. Should Be Taken, And No Thing After That Till 6.30 Or 7, When A Meal Similar To Breakfast May ...

Blood Glands Endocrine Glands
Blood Glands: Endocrine Glands. The Blood Glands Are The Spleen, Thyroid, Thymus, Suprarenal, Pituitary, And Pineal Bodies. They Each Make A Contribution Of Some Kind To The Blood Which Maintains Its Fitness To Supply The Material For The Growth And Nourishment Of The Various Organs And Tissues Of The Body ...

Bugs Eruptions Produced By
Eruptions Produced By Fleas, Bugs, &c. The Common Flea (puler Irritans) Produces Rose Spots With A Purplish Point In The Centre. When The Surrounding Redness Fades The Central Spot Remains Still Dark, And Cannot Be Made To Disappear Even Momentarily By Pressure Of The Finger. Within Two Or Three Days ...

Cancer
Cancer. Cancer (latin, Cancer, A Crab—carcinoma).— The Name Of This Disease Is Derived From The Appearance Of The Part Attacked By The Disease, As It Struck The Ancients, The Veins Surrounding The Diseased Part Resembling A Crab's Claw. Cancer Is Considered In This Section More As A Matter Of Convenience. ...

Catalepsy Hysteria
Hysteria, Catalepsy, Trance, And Ecstasy. Hysteria (greek, Huslera, The Womb).—this Is So Remarkable And Amazing A Disease, Having So Many Varied Forms, And Producing So Many Perplexing Manifestations, That It Is Doubtful If Any But The Briefest Notice Of It Is Necessary In A Work Like This. It Is A ...

Causes Of Indigestion
Causes Of Indigestion. These May Be Divided Into Three Classes : I. Causes Connected With The Taking Of Food ; Ii. Causes Connected With The Process And Organs Of Digestion ; And Iii. Causes Connected With Other Organs, Or With General Conditions Of The Body. I. Causes Of Indigestion Connected ...

Cerebrospinal Fever
Cerebrospinal Fever. Cerebrospinal Fever (the Black Sickness (popular Name In Dublin)—spotted Fever).— This Fever Is Due To An Organism, The Meningo Coccus, And May Occur In An Epidemic Form. It Is Rare After Forty Years Of Age, And Is Not Un Common Among You N G Ch Ildren. The Symptoms ...

Changes That Occur In
Changes That Occur In Mation. Changes In The Blood-vessels In Inflam Mation. To Understand The Nature Of These Changes It Is Necessary To Recall The Characters Of The Blood And Of Its Movement In The Blood-vessels, As Seen Under The Microscope. We Remember That The Blood Contains Red And White ...

Characters Of Muscle
Characters Of Muscle. While The Bones Form The Framework Of The Body, The Main Bulk Of The Substance Which Clothes Them Consists Of Muscular Tissue, What Is Termed Flesh, Which Forms About Two-fifths Of The Entire Weight Of The Body. Muscular Tissue Does Not Cover And Surround The Bones In ...

Chemical Constitution Of Voluntary
Chemical Constitution Of Voluntary Muscle. Plained By Supposing That A Muscular Fibre Is Made Up Of Two Kinds Of Substances, One Doubly Refractive, The Truly Contractile Substance, Which Exists In The Form Of Minute Columns Or Pillars (sarcous Elem En Ts)set In Rows Across The Breadth Of The Fibre, Embedded ...

Children
Children. The Treatment Depends On The Cause. If Ir Ritating Vapour Has Set Up A Spasmodic Con Dition, Breathing Of Steam Is Useful As Well As Hot Applications To The Throat. In Many Cases Inhaling The Vapour Of Ether Or Chloroform Acts Like Magic ; But It Must Be Superintended ...

Clothing
Clothing. Clothing Has For Its Object The Maintenance Of A Certain Regular Degree Of Warmth, And Its Nature And Amount Ought, Therefore, To Be Deter Mined By The External Temperature. It Should Vary, That Is To Say, With The Climate And The Season Of The Year. In Section Xx. It ...

Clothing Bathing
Bathing, Clothing, And Exercise. Bathing. The Directions Already Given About Bathing Infants Should Be Carried Out With Older Children. At About Six Months Of Age, Sluicing With Water, Which Is Just Tepid, With The Morning Bath May Be Given. That Is To Say, The Bath-tub May Be Filled With Water ...

Club Foot And Other Similar
Club-foot And Other Similar Deformities. The Scientific Name Of Which Is Talipes, Is A Deformity Of The Foot Due To Shortening And Stiffness Of Certain Muscles And Tendons, And Accom Panying Alterations In The Position Of The Tarsal Bones And In The Form Of Their Joints. Owing To The De ...

Colds Coughs
Coughs, Colds, And Affections Of The Chest. , Cold May Take The Form Of Running At The Nose—snuffles--(preceded By Frequent Sneez Ing), Watery Eyes, Some Degree Of Feverishness, And The Child Is Cross. This Is A Form Of What Is Called " Catarrh ", From Two Greek Words Meaning "a ...

Compression And Concussion Of
Coma, Compression And Concussion Of The Brain. Coma Is A State Of Stupor With Loss Of Con Sciousness. According To The Degree Of Coma The Person May Be Roused With Difficulty, And Then He Lapses Back, Or He May Not Be Able To Be Roused At All. It Has Been ...

Congestion And Anaemia Of
Congestion And Anaemia Of The Brain. Congestion Or Excess Of Blood To The Brain May Arise Because Too Much Blood Comes To The Brain, Or It May Be Because, Owing To Some Ob Stacle, The Blood Is Not Permitted To Return From The Brain With Due Rapidity And Ease. Thus ...

Connections Between The Brain
Connections Between The Brain And Spinal Cord. It Will Be Useful Here To Note How The Brain And Spinal Cord Are Connected. In The General View Of The Functions Of The Nervous System As Originated Passes By Efferent, I.e. Motor Fibres, Through The Brain And Medulla Oblongata To The Spinal ...

Consumption Tubercular Disease Of
Consumption (tubercular Disease Of The Lungs). Consumption Is Now Recognized As A Disease Due To Infection By An Organism, The Tubercle Bacillus (see P. 501). The Organism Can Be Found In The Spit Of Consumptive Patients, Can Be Isolated From It, Can Be Grown Apart From Other Organisms, And The ...

Convalescence
Convalescence. This Is The Period (luring Which, The Disease Having Ceased, The Patient's Disturbed Organs Gradually Return To The State Of Health, And His Strength Gradually Becomes Restored. All The Febrile Medicines Are, Of Course, By This Time Stopped, And Only Aperient Medicine Is Occasionally Given. It Is A Time ...

Convulsive Diseases
Convulsive Diseases. Convulsions May Be Simply An Incident Of A Disease, As In Epilepsy And Hysteria, Or They May Be The Disease In Themselves. As An In Dependent Ailment They Affect Both Grown-up People And Children, But The Latter Are Specially Liable To Them Because Of Reasons That Will Be ...

Deaf Mutism
Deaf-mutism. Inability To Speak Is In A Large Majority Of Cases The Result Of Deafness. A Person Who Cannot Hear Either The Voices Of Others Or His Own Has No Inducements To Utter Words, And Thus Becomes Dumb. It Is Naturally During Childhood That This Is Specially Shown. A Child ...

Delirium Tremens And Dipsomania
Delirium Tremens And Dipsomania. Delirium Tremens.--del I Ri Um Is A Symptom In Many Diseases; But Delirium Tremens Arises Directly From Poisoning By Alcoholic Drinks. It Very Often Occurs, Not During The Drinking-bout, But After It, Sometimes Many Days After The Person Has Begun Entirely To Abstain. The Symptoms Begin ...

Diet Of Children Of
Diet Of Children Of Three Years And Upwards. Within The Writer's Own Experience The Diet Of Children Line Undergone Gradual Amplification. Lie Has Behind Him An Experience Of Well-nigh Thirty Years, During Which He Has Had The Medical Supervision Of A Very Large Number Of Children. In That Period The ...

Dilatation And Collapse Of
Dilatation And Collapse Of The Lungs. Dilatation Or Emphysema (from Greek, Emphusao, To Dilate) Is A Condition Of All Or Parts Of The Lungs In Which The Air-cells Are Larger Than Usual, Being Greatly Distended. The Walls Of The Air-cells Have Lost Their Elasticity, So That They Cannot Recover From ...

Diphtheria And Croup
Diphtheria And Croup. These Two Diseases Will Be Considered Together, Since They Are The Same Disease—called Diph Theria When It Principally Attacks The Tonsils And Parts In Their Neighbourhood, And Called Croup When It Principally Attacks The Top Of The Wiudpipe—the Larynx (p. 354). Diphtheria Is A Contagious Disease, The ...

Disease Connected With The
Disease Connected With The Renal Capsules. Addison's Disease Is The Only Disease Con Nected With The Capsules Above The Kidney That Need Be Noticed Here. It Receives Its Name Because It Was First Described By Dr. Thomas Addison, A Physician Of London. The Chief Symptoms Are Gradual On-corning Of Extreme ...

Diseases Connected With The
Diseases Connected With The Thyroid Gland. Goitre (bronchocele, Derbyshire Neck) Is The Chief Disease Of The Thyroid Gland (p. 281). It Consists Of An Enlargment Of The Gland, Some Times A Uniform Enlargment Of All Its Substance, Sometimes An Excessive Growth Of Some Part Of Its Ordinary Structure. The Amount ...

Diseases And Injuries Of
Diseases And Injuries Of Nerves. Inflammation Of Nerves Flammation In Any Part Of The Body May Attack The Nerves Distributed In Or Passing Through That Part. That Is To Say, The Nerves May Simply Partake Of Inflammation Occurring In Their Neighbourhood, And May Suffer As All The Other Tissues Of ...

Diseases Of Children
Diseases Of Children. Ulcers Of The Lips Occasionally Form On The Mucous Membrane Lining The Inside Of The Lips. The Ulcers Are Of A Small Circular Or Oval Shape, Of An Ashen-gray Colour, And Depressed Beneath The Surface. They Are Painful, Particularly When Chewing Is Performed. They May Be Caused ...

Diseases Of Lymphatic Vessels
Diseases Of Lymphatic Vessels And Glands. Inflammation Of Lymphatic Vessels (lymphangitis, Also Called Angioleueitis, From Greek Angeion, A Vessel, And Leukos, White). —this Most Commonly Results From The Intro Duction Under The Skin Of Some Irritating Material, Which, As Explained On P. 279, Is Picked Up By The Lymphatic Vessels, ...

And Chicken Pdxcow Pdx
Cow-pdx Vaccination, And Chicken - Pdx. (plates Xxvii. And Xxviii.) In Spite Of Inoculation, Practised As De Scribed In The Preceding Paragraphs, The Mor Tality From Small-pox Seemed To Be On The Increase In Britain, When, In 1798, Edward Jenner, A Surgeon Practising In Gloucester Shire, Published An Inquiry Into ...