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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 14

Life
Life Distonv. Mosquitoes In Their Early Stages Are All Aquatic. The Larvae Need A Cer Tain Amount Of Standing Water For Their Develop Ment. The Eggs Are Laid By The Adult Insects, In The Majority Of Eases Upon The Surface Of Stand Ing Water. They May He Laid Upon Mid, ...

Local Government
Local Government. The Legislature Provides For The Organization Of Cities And Incor Porated Villages, And Restricts Their Power Of Taxation Assessment, Borrowing Money, Contract Ing Debts, Etc., "so As To Prevent Abuses. . . ." It Divides All Cities Into Three Classes, According To Size, And Provides That All Special ...

Lower Invertebrates
Lower Invertebrates. In The Aletazna The Nervous System Develops In The Ectoderm Or Outer• Layer Of The Body Wall. Which Is The Region That Comes In Contact With The Outside World And Hence Is The One In Which We Should Expect Sensi Tiveness To Become First Developed And Localized. Some ...

Lucretia Coffin Mott
Mott, 'lucretia (coffin) An American Abolitionist And Woman's Rights Advo Eate. Horn On Nantucket Island. She Was Edu Cated In The Friends' School At Nine Partners, Near Poughkeepsie. N. Y.. Where She Met .lames Mott Whom In Isis She Married. She Became Prominent As A Preacher In The Society Of ...

Man Ufactures
Man Ufactures. The Leading Position Of New York As A Manufacturing State Dates From About 1825, When The Erie Canal Was Finished. The Largest Absolute Gain In The Industry Was Made From 1550 To 1590. The Percentage Of The Popu Lation Engaged In The Industry As Wage-earners Increased From 0.4 ...

Manufactures
Manufactures. Manufacturing Is The Leading Industry. The Percentage Of Wage-earners En Gaged Therein Gradually Increased During The Last Half Of The Nineteenth Century, Being 17.1 In 1900, Or Twice That Of 1850. Of The 70,419 Thus Employed, 21,921 Were Women. The Decade 1890 1900 Witnessed The Largest Absolute Gain In ...

Manufactures And Transportation
Manufactures And Transportation. The Maritime Situation Of Nova Scotia Is Most Favor Able For Purposes Of Trade With European And Atlantic Seaboard States. The Coast Line (about 1000 Miles Long) Has An Unusual Numlwr Of In Dentations, Which Offer Exceptional Harbor Facili Ties. The Harbors On The Atlantic And The ...

Manufactures_2
Manufactures. Manufacturing Affords Em Ployment To A Larger Number Of Wage-earners Than Any Other Industry In The State. The Num Ber In 1900 Was 241,582, Or 12.8 Per Cent. Of The Population. The Percentage Of People Thus En Gaged Has Increased Faster Than The Population Itself, There Being In 1850 ...

Manufactures_3
Manufactures. Prior To 1880 The Manufac Tures Were Little More Than Such Necessary Neighborhood Industries As Are Common To Rural Communities. In The Two Decades Following 1880 The Value Of Products Increased 100.9 And 135.1 Per Cent. Respectively, And The Corresponding In Crease In The Number Of Wage-earners Engaged Was ...

Manufactures_4
Manufactures. Until 1880 Ohio Ranked Fourth In The United States In The Value Of Manufactured Products, Being Exceeded In That Year For The First Time By Illinois. It Has Since Held Fifth Place. The Greatest Absolute Increase Both In The Value Of Products And The Number Of Wage-earners Employed Was ...

Medieval
Medi.eval. The Mediaeval Decorative Mural Work In Europe Did Not Begin To Take Shape Until The Close Of The Eleventh Century; Its Usual Media Were Extremely Simple, Merely Fresco Painting And Sculpture In Stone. The Multiplicity Of Styles Makes Any Unity Of Characterization Such As Was Possible In Other Previous ...

Memorials For The Dead
Memorials For The Dead. Combined With The Fear Of The Dead Is A Desire, Primarily, Perhaps, Based On Anxiety To Propitiate The Ghost By A Proof Of Suitable Mourning. And Later Founded On Real Affection, To Preserve The Memory Of The Departed. The Andamanese Widow Carefully Dries The Skull Of ...

Ment
Ment. • The Right Of An Insured To Abandon The Prop Erty Insured To The Insurer Upon The Happening Of A Partial Loss Is Fixed By Notice Given By The Insured To The Insurer. If A Proper Ease For Abandonment, The Were Giving Of Notice Is Suffi Cient. If Not ...

Metallurgy
:metallurgy. When Niekcliferous Ores Of Lead, Cobalt. Copper, Or Silver Containing Arsenic Are Smelted. The Nickel Combines With The Arsenic To Form Speiss: Should Arsenic Not Be Present. The Nickel Enters The Various Intermediate Products Of The Smelting Process., Such As Matte, Blister Cop Per, Tough Pitch Copper, And Dyes. ...

Min Peter Gabriel 1746
Muhlenberg, .(min Peter Gabriel (1746. 1807). A Lutheran Preacher And Leader In The Iievolutionary War, Son Of Ileiri•ich Alelebior Muldenberg (q.v.). Ile Was Horn At Trappe, Pa.. October 1. 1746. And Sent To The (university Of Ilalle To Be Educated, But Ran Away, And Passed A Year As A Private ...

Mineral
Mineral Resortices. The Country Is Rich In De Posits Of Copper, Iron Ore, Antimony, And Rock Salt (north Of Fez), And Gold And Silver Are Re Ported. The Exploitation Of All This Mineral Wealth, However, Is Hardly To Be Thought Of Under The Existing Conditions On Account Of The Deep ...

Mineral Resources And Mining
Mineral Resources And :mining. Both The Upper And Lower Coal Measures Contain Several Workable Seams Interbedded Between Strata Of Shale, Limestone, Sandstone, And Clay, And Rang Ing In Thickness From Two To Over A Dozen Feet. It Has Been Estimated That Ohio Contains Enough Coal To Supply The Demand Of ...

Mining
Mining. Nevada Owed Her Early Development To Mining. Immensely Rich Lodes Of Silver And Gold Were Discovered. One Of Which—the ('omstock Lode (9.v.)—produced As High As 5:35,000,000 Worth Of Bullion In One Year. \\ Ith The Apparent Exhaustion Of The Comstock Lode. •the Industry Decreased Considerably. The Output Of Silver ...

Mining_2
Mining. New York Has No Coal Mines, And Is In This Respect In Marked Contrast With The Sister Commonwealth Of Pennsylvania. The State Ranks High In The Stone-quarrying Industry. All The More Important Varieties Of Stone, As Well As Industrial Attys. Are Worked. The Out Put Of Limestone In 1900 ...

Mitntz
Mitntz, Munts. Ci 1.trles .ke1111,1,f, (1816—). A French Agrieultural Chemist. Brother Of The Art Critic Eugne Miintz. He Was Born At Sulz, Alsace. Studied Under Boussinganit In Paris, And, After Acting As His Assistant For Ten Years. Succeeded Him As Director Of The Chemical Laboratories In The Institut National Agrono ...

Modern
Modern. With The Rise Of The Ciottesque School Early In The Fourteenth Century The Golden Age Of Mosaic Painting Ended, Frescoes Taking Its Place. Such Works As Appear On The Facades Of I Trvieto And Siena Eathedrals By Orearont And His Emitemporaries In The Four Teenth Century Are Purely Decorative. ...

Modern Olympic Games
Modern Olympic Games. Largely Owing To The Efforts Of The Baron Pierre De Conbertin, A Number Of Individuals Banded Themselves To Gether And Organized An International Athletic Committee, Which Held Its First Meeting In Paris In 1895. The Object Of The Committee Was To Reitstablish The Olympian Games By Organizing ...

Modern Times 1 Rum Caxton
Modern Times. 1-rum Caxton To Pacuannson Ia England. The Invention Of Printing (fifteenth Century) Meant. The End Of The Verse Tale Except As A Survival. Of Course. The Transition From Verse To Prose Was Not Sudden. A Prose Style Suit Able To Orderly Narrative Had To He Created, And The ...

Modern_2
Modern. During The First Half Of The Nine Teenth Century Mural Decoration Declined To Very Low Estate. In France, However, The Influence Of The National School Of Fine Arts And The Gov Ernment Patronage Of The Arts Preserved It From Extinction, And The Domination Of Classicalism And Tradition Began Toward ...

Moil Nome
Nome, Moil The Largest City Of Alaska. In The Northern District ; Situated At The Mouth Of The Snake River, 13 Miles West Of Cape Nome, On The North Shore Of Norton Sound, Bering Sea (slap: Alaska. C 3). It Is The Centre Of The Productive Cape Nome Gold-mining District. ...

Mori
Mori, Mire, Arinori (1848-so). A Native Of Satsuma, Japan, And One Of The Group Of Young Samurai Who Were Prominent In Advocating The Thorough Modernization Of The Empire After The Restoration Of The Emperor. Educated In Eng Land, He Adopted Modern Manners In Life And Thought, And Broke Completely With ...

Morier
Morier, Sir Robert Burnett David ( 1826 93). An English Diplomatist, Born In Paris (where His Father Was Eon:sail-general), And Edu Cated At Balliol College, Oxford. After Holding Several Other Diplomatic Offices, He Was Appointed D'affaires At Stuttgart In 1871, And At Munich In 1872, Whence He Was Transferred To ...

Morley
Morley, Jon N 1538—). An English Statesman And Author, Born At Blackburn, In Lancashire, December 24, 1838. Having Taken His Degree At Lincoln College. Oxford (1859), Lie Went To London To Engage In Literature. He Soon Became Editor Of The Literary Gazette, At That Time In Such A State Of ...

Morley_2
Morley, Tuomss (1557-e.1604). An Eng Lish Musician And Composer. The Place Of His Birth Cannot Be Definitely Fixed, But It Is Supposed That Lie Was Born In London And Educated At Saint Paul's Cathedral. According To His Own Statement He Also Studied Under Bird. In 1588 He Became Bachelor Of ...

Morny
Morny, Torw'me, Charles .1i111'ste Lolls Josepli Ne. Duke ( 1s11-05), A Noted French Politician Of The Second Empire. Ile Was The Illegitimate Son Of Queen Hortense And Of The Comte De Flahault. And Eonsequently Half-brother To Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon 1111. He Was Horn In Paris, October 23, 1511. The ...

Morphology
Morphology (from Gk. 211orphe, Form +-xayla,-login, Account, From Xi-yap, Legein, To Say). In Zo;dogy, The Science Of Form And Structure Of Animals. It Is Based On Comparative Anatomy And Embryology, And Lays The Foundation For Physiology. We Cannot Well Understand The Structure Or Anatomy Of The Fully Grown Animal Unless ...

Morphy
Mor'phy, Pau, Charles (1837-8-1). An American Chess Player, Born In New Orleans, La. He Was Remarkably Precocious, Especially As A Chess Player, And Before He Was Thirteen Had De Feated Many Well-known Amateurs. He Studied Law For Several Years At The College Of South Carolina, Playing Chess Only Occasionally. At ...

Morris
Morris, Wilmam (1834-96). An English Poet, Artist. And Socialist, Born At Walthamstow, Near London, March 24, 1834. Morris's Early Boyhood Was Spent In The Romantic Region Near Epping Forest, Where He Showed At The Outset His Love For Nature. He Was Educated At Marlbor Ough School And At Exeter College, ...

Morrison
Morrison, Wititam Rar.t.s (1523-1. 1n American Politician And Congressman. Horn In Monroe Comity, Ill, Llo Was Educated At Mcneil (ire/. College, But Left Before Graduation To Enlist As A Private In An Illinois Volunteer Regiment For The Llexiean War, And Participated In Most Of The Battles Of Taylor's Campaign. After ...

Morrist Own
Mor'rist Own. A Town And The County Seat Of Morris County. N. J., Is Miles West Of Newark: On The Lackawanna, The Rockaway Val Ley, And The Whippany River Railroads (map: New Jersey, C 2). Among The Features Of The Town Are Memorial And All Souls' Hospitals. The Young Men's ...

Mortar
Mortar. A Type Or Form Of Ordnance Used For High-angle Fire. In Design It Is Short In Length In Proportion To Its Calibre Or Size Of Bore. In The United States And England Mortars Are Almost Entirely Used For Coast Defense Purposes. In The Former Country Mortar Batteries Consist Of ...

Morte Darthur
Morte D'arthur, Incirt (110111.1r' (01'., The Death Of Arthur). The Name Applied, In Slightly Varying Forms, To Several Versions Of The Arthurian Legend And Cognate Stories. (see Arrrnua.) There Are Two English Metrical Ro Mances Of The Name, Each Existing In A Single Manuscript. And Probably Based On French Orig ...

Mortgage Banks
Mortgage Banks. Banks Designed Pri Naarily Furnish Credit On Land, Houses, Mines, And Other Immovable Property. The Loans Are Usually For Periods From Ten To Seventy-five Years, And Are Secured By Mortgage. The Loan Contract Provides For The Extinguishment Of The Debt By Means Of Equal Annual Payments. Coin Prising ...

Mortgage Of
Mortgage (of, Al 01'1(giqe, Orguge. Fr. Marl. From Lat. Mortuns, Dead, From Mori, Skt. Mar, To Die + /mac, 1l L. Rntliunn, ',wailful, From E:oth. Wadi. Cvr. Arelnir Eng. Tr,,i„ Lat, Rose, Pledge, Lit H. Eudati, To Redeem A Pledge). :moe Gage Is The Conveyance Or Transfer Of Property, Either ...

Morton
Morton, ,john (1420?-1500). Arellhi-jrnp Of Canterbury And Cardinal. Ile Was Born In Dorset, And At Verne Abbey, A Benedic Tine Foundation• And At Baum' College. Oxford. Having Studied Law, He Took Orders And Began To Practiee In The Court Of Amite., The Ecelesiastieal Tribunal Of The Archbishop Of Canterbury. Here ...

Mosaic I
Mosaic ( I.. Mosaiem:, (1k. Aotkrcaos. Om It Suios. Inosa Ie. A'distic,relitiqg To The Al Uses. Goicra, Muse). Branch Of Tine Art Was Especially Pmmincnt During The Alid Die \ges. Though Not Unknown To Antiquity, And Is Still Practiced To A Limited Extent. Mosaic Work, Whin It ?.1.t Tallied Full ...

Mosby
Mosby, Moc'la, :eon N Ngi.eron ( \n \ Moricon In The Confederate Service. Born At Edgemont Lan ('onnty. Va. Ile Was Educated At The L'iliversity Of Viroinia, Studied Law, And Was Praelieing His Profession Al Bristol, 1vashington County, Va . At The Outbreak Of The Civil \\•a'. \ Fter Serving ...

Moscow
Moscow, Naris'ko ( Russ. Moskva). A Gov Ernment Of Centric] Russia, Bounded By The Gov Ernment Of Tver On The Northwest, Vladimir On The Northeast, Ryazan On The Cast, Tula And Kaluga On The South, And Smolensk On The West (nap: Russia, E 3). Area, 12.875 Square Miles. It Occupies ...

Moscow
Moscow. The Seeond Capital And Historical Ly The Most Famous City Of The 11u-sian Empire. Capital Of The Military District And Government Of The Same Nanie. And The Second Largest City Of Russia. It Is Situated On The River Moskva (a Tributary Of The Oka) In Latitude 53' 45' N., ...

Mosen
Mosen, Inn'zcn, .hut's (1803-67). A Ger Man Author, Born At Marieney In The Vogtland, Saxony. He Attended The University Of Jena, Where Goethe Awarded Him The First Prize For His Competitive Anniversary Poem On Karl August's Fiftieth Birthday; Completed His Studies At Leip Zig In 1826-28, And From 1828 To ...

Mosque
Mosque ( Fr. Mosgm'r, From Sp. Mezquita, From Ar. Temple, From Sajada, To Pros Trate One's Self, To Pray). A Mohammedan House Of Prayer And Worship. Examples Of These Build Ings Are Halm] Wherever The Mohammedan Faith Has Prevailed, From Spain To India And Turkes Tan. There Is No Fixed ...

Moth As
Moth (as. Mope Ger. No, Le, Moth; Per Haps Connected With (loth, Mupa, Oi1g. Mado, Ger. Math:, As. 111(ppu, Addle. Eng. Mud, Made, Maggot, Grub). An Insect Of An Indefinahle Sec Tion Of The Lepidoptera (q.v.), Separated Front Butterflies By Superficial Features And Habits. No Scientific Distinction Exists Between These ...

Motley
Motley, .loth Lotnuor (1814-77). An Eminent American Historian. Horn In Dorchester, Mass.. April 15. 1811. Ile Entered Harvard Col Lege At The Age Of Thirteen. And Was Graduated In The Elaiss Of 1831. The Two Years Following Lie Spent In Germany At The Universities Of Niatingen And Berlin, And Here ...

Motor Organ
Motor Organ (lat. Motor, One Who Moves. From Morcrr, To Move). A Structure Which When Stimula Fed Mow's' The At Ta Cited. Motor Organs Are Found At The Base Of Leaves And Leaflets In Various Plaints, Particularly Members. Of The Bean Family (leguminosp). They Are Formed By The Modification Of ...

Moultrie
Moultrie, Nvilliall (1731-18051. An American Soldier, Prominent In The 11evolutionary \ R. 11e Was Born In `oath Carolina. Received An Ordinary Education. And In The Cherokee Troubles, Of 1761 Was A Military Vaplain. Though Closely Eonnected With Inn Ny Of The Loyalists, Lie Early Tot.]: Sides With The Patriot Party. ...

Mound Bird
Mound-bird. The Mound-birds Are A Group Of Gallinaceons Birds, With Feet Like Those Of Pigeons In Not Having The Hallux Raised Above The Other Toes, And Related To The American Curassows ( (1.v. ) . They Form A Family, The Which, As Is Indicated By The Name, Are Characterized By ...

Mount Desert
Mount Desert, De-zert' Or Dez'ert. The Largest Of The Numerous Islands On The Coast Of Maine. It Belongs To Ilancock County, And Is Sep Arated From The Mainland On The Northwest By A Channel From One-half To Two Miles Wide, And On The Northeast By Frenchman's Bay (slap: Maine, G ...

Mountain Climbing
Mountain Climbing. The Awakening Of Man's Interest In Mountains Is Chiefly Due To Rousseau, Though Earlier Writers, While Approach Ing Them As Scientists. Were Also Susceptible To Their Charm. This Two-fold Interest Led Saus Sure To Incite J. Balmat To Find A Way To The Summit Of Mont Blanc In ...

Mountain Op
Mountain (op. Montaigne, Muntaigne, Fr. ;non From Ai L. Monk:ilea, Mwtluna, Moun Tain. From Lat. Mountainous, From Mount). A Term Somewhat Loosely Used For A High Prominence On The Earth's Surface With Steep Slopes. The Distinction Between Unnin Lain And Hill Is Merely One Of Size. A Plateau Is Distinguished ...

Mounted Infantry 1
Mounted Infantry. .1 General Term Applied To Foot Soldiers Mounted On Horses. Mules, Eamels, Or On Wagons For Transportation Niv. Such Were The Ancient Infantry Carried Swiftly To The Battlefield In War Chariots. In The Sixteenth Century Louis Of Nassau Made 500 Of His Cavalrymen Take Up Behind Their Saddles ...

Mouth
Mouth, D1seases Of The. From Its Situ Ation At The Portal Of The Digestive Tract. The Mucous Membrane Lining This Cavity Is Peculiarly Exposed To Many Forms Of Irritation And Infec Tion. The Following Are The Principal Forms Of Inflammation Of The Month, Or Stoinatitis (gr. Stoma, The Mouth), As ...

Mouth As
Mouth ( As. A? (loth. In U»ps, ()i L(. Oen, Nml, Mouth: Connected With Bat. Menlum, Chin, And Ultimately With Skt. Mukha, Face). In An Animal. The Opening Through Which Food En Ters The Hotly. Nitt All Animals Have Months, For Certain Parasitic Forms, Notably The Tapeworm, Lack A System ...

Movement
Movement. Several Modes Of Movement Are Manifeste?i In Plants And Plant Organs. Soille Of The Lower Forms (bacteria, And Fungi) Exhibit Movements Of Locomotion In Cer Tain Stages, Swimming Freely In The Water In Which They Are Found. The Same Is True Of The Zoospores And Conjugating Sexual Cells (gametes) ...

Movement Cure
Movement Cure. A Hygienic And Thera Peutic System For The Preservation As Well As The Recovery Of Health, Introduced By Pehr Ilenry Ling (born In 17661, A Native Of Smaland. Swe Den. It Is A Modified Form Of Gymnastics. Being Systematized And Specially Adapted To The Treat Ment Of Invalid; ...

Movntains And Cia Mate
Movntains And Cia Mate. Monntains Fulfill Important Uses. In The Economy Of Nature, Espe Cially In Connection With The Water System Of The World. They Are At Once The Great Collectors And Distributors Of Water. In The Passage Of Moisture-charged Winds Across Them. The Mois Ture Is Precipitated As Rain ...

Mozart
Mozart. Wotreaso Amtnnt•:rs 11756-91). A Famous Cermet! Composer. Ile Was Horn At Salzburg, Austria. .[:inners- 27, 1756. Mozart's To We For Music First Manifested Itself When His Thlest Sister, 'nannerl,' Began To Receive Sisal Instructions From Her Father. When He Was Only Live Years Old He Composed Little Minuets And ...

Muckers
Muck'ers (ger. .1/ucker, Sulky Person, Hypocrite, From :\hig. Muckzen, Inuch:fm. From Ohg, Mteek•a:teo, To Mutter; Probably Connected With Mr. For-in Nigthe, Hidden). The Popular But, Opprobrious Name, Meaning That They Were Hypocrites, Of An Extraordinary Sect Which Sprang Up At Kr,nigsberg, In Germany. In 1835. The Movement Seems To Have ...

Mucous Membrane
Mucous Membrane And Mucus. The Mucous Membrane Is Continuous With The Skin At All The Orifices Of The Body, And Lines The Passages By Which The Internal Organs Eonininni Cate With The Outer World. For Convc•nceme Of Description It May Be Divided Into Three Great Tracts—the Alimentary Mucous Membrane, The ...

Mudfish
Mudfish. A Name Given To Several Widely Different. Fishes Which Frequent Muddy Waters. (1) In The States, The Bowfin (q.v.). (2) In California. A Small Marine Gohy (oillichthys Mirabilis) Which Lives In Shallow Places That Are Left Bare At Low Tide, And Harbors In Excavations Made By Itself In The ...

Muhlenberg
Muhlenberg, Thrxbreii Mei.cii Lor (1711 R7). The Founder Of American Lutheranism. He Was Born At Eimbeck, Prussia, September 6, 1711. Ilis Parents Were Saxon, But Having Suf Fered Greatly In The Years' \\'ar, Removed To Eimbeek. The Death Of His Father In His Twelfth Year Threw The Family Into Poverty ...

Mulberry 01i0
Mulberry (01i0. Morberi, Lit Firberi, Ger. Ilaulbeere. Mulberry, From Lat. Morum, (11:. N(b Pop, Moron, ,u6pop, Moron, Mulberry + Berry, As. Ben, Berige, Oho. Bent, Ger. Bccre, Goth. Bast, Berry), Morns. A Genus Of Trees Of The Natural Order Urticacele. Natives Of Temperate And Warm Climates, With Deciduous Leaves, Unisexual ...

Mulch
Mulch (more Correctly Mulsh, Probably From As. Mohle, Earth Mold; Ultimately Connected With Goth. Molar, Lith. Ma/ti, Lat. Mo/cre, To Grind, Eng. Meal). A Covering Of Loose Mate Rial Such As Brush, Leaves. Manure, Straw, Or Earth, Maintained On The Surface Of The Soil Main Ly For The Purpose Of ...

Mule
Mule L'r. Mule. From Lat. ',lulus. Mule) Hylo Id Animal. The Offspring Of The Male Mist 1111.1 The Mare. Valued As A Beast Of Burden. The Ears Are Long; The Head. Crop, And Tail Resemble Those Of The Ass Rather Than Those Of The Hor-te; Hut In Hulk And Stature ...

Mule Deer
Mule Deer (so Called On Account Of The Large Ears). Or I:lack:tail. One Of The Principal Species Of North ..tinerican Deer (orrytts Macro Tis. Or I Toloroilrus Lit.mionms), Originally Ranging Throughout The Open Region, Of The Western Half Of The L'ilited States, But By The End Of The Nine Teenth ...

Mulhausen
Mulhausen, Mul'hon-zen. The Second Largest City Of Alsace-lorraine. Germany. Situ Ated On The Iii And The Rhine-rhone Canal, 67 Miles By Rail South-southwest Of Strassburg (slap: Germany, B 5). It Is Divided Into The Old Town, Built On An Island Of The Ill. The New Town, Between The Old Town ...

Muller
Muller, Frimucli Man (couniumly Called Max) (1522-1900). Ilse Of The Best Known Of Re Cent Lrientalists And Philologists. Ile Was Born At Dessau. In The Duchy Of Anhalt-dessau, De Eember 1523, Where His Father, The Poet. Helm Midler (q.v.), W113 Librarian Of The Ducal Library. Llax Muffler Received The Elements ...

Muller Georg
Muller. Georg Friedric•ii ( 1805-95) . A German Evangelist And Philantln•opist. Ile Was Born At. Kroppenstiidt, Prussia, Near ;magdeburg, September 27. 1805. He Entered The University Of Halle (1825) As A Divinity Student, Although His Life Was Anything But Exemplary. Late In That Year He Was Converted, And In 1826 ...

Muller_2
Muller, Iv.%:x Von ( A Cernian Classical Philologist. Ile Was Born At Misi(del. In 13a Varia ; Was !professor In The University Of Erlangen And From 1s93 Professor In The University Of Alimich. Published Works Are Numerous: Lie Is Best Known As General Editor Of The U0inprehensi Ye 11am/birch ?1( ...

Muller_3
Muller, Lvil111:1.31 ( 17:11-1s27). A German Poet, Excelling In Popular And Political Songs That Attracted Great Composers. Notably Schubert. And Also Indueneed Lyric• Development. H R. Who Was Born In Dessau, T Ictober '•, 1794. Studied Philology And History, Fought In The ‘var Of Liberation, Visited Italy Was Made Professor ...

Mullet Of
Mullet (of., Fr. Ntuirt, Diminutive Of Mane. From Lat. Mu Hiss, Red Mullet Any One I Of It Variety Of Useful Fishes, Principally Of The Mugilidfc. In This Family The Body Is Nearly Cylindrical. With Large Scales And Two Widely Separated Dorsal Fins, The First With Four Still Spines. The ...

Mullion
Mullion (corrupted From Munition, Front Fr. Moignon, Stomp Of An Amputated Limb, From Moign. From Lat. Muitrus, Maimed: Probably Influenced By Popular Etymology With Eng. Mul Let, Fire-pointed ,tar), The Name For A Vertical Architectural Member Used To Subdivide All Open Ing. Such As A Window Or The Hay Of ...

Munich
Munich, Univelisity Of. One Of The Leading German Universities. Founded By Duke Ludwig Of Bavaria With The Approval Of Pope Pins 11. As A Studium Generale At 1ngolstadt. The Members Of The Faculties Took An Oath Of Loyalty To The See Of Rome. Though The Bull Authorizing The Open Ing ...

Munich
Munich, Mienik (ge•. Munchen). The Capital Of Bavaria. And The Third Largest City In Germany, Situated At An Elevation Of 1700 Feet, Mostly On The Left Hank Of The Isar, On The South Ern Border Of A Partly Swanipy And Partly Fertile Forested Plateau, 296 Miles By Rail South Of ...

Municipal Art Societies
Municipal Art Societies. Societies In The United States Which Take Their Name From The !purpose Of Their Organization, Which Is The Promotion Of Municipal Art, I.e. Art As Applied To Cities. They Seek In A General Way To Beautify Cities. Among The Means Advocated To This End Are The Planning ...

Municipal Government
Municipal Government. The Admin Istration Of The Affairs Of A City, Town, Borough, Village, Or Other Minor Civil Division Of A State, But Generally Restricted To The Government Of Pure Municipal Corporations As Opposed To Quasi Muni Cipal Corporations, Salt As (mnities. Townships, And School Districts. Municipal Government Sel Dom ...

Municipal Ownership
Municipal Ownership. Possession By A Municipality Or Any Minor Civil Division Of The State. The Term Is, However. More Commonly Limited To Public As Opposed To Private Ownership Of Water-works. Lighting Plants, Street Railways, Telephone Systems. And Other Revenue-producing Industries Designed To Meet The Wants Of Turban Populations. The Term ...

Municipal Reform Acts
Municipal Reform Acts, Escusn. The Various Acts Passed By Parliament In The Nineteenth Century Aiming To Reform Tile Govern Ment Of The English Municipalities. The Parlia Mentary Reform Of 183•l Having Left Untouched The Notorious Abuses In The English System Of Munic Ipal Government, A Parliamentaq Commission Was Appointed The ...

Munkacsy
Munkacsy. Micitael (1844 1900). An Hungarian Historical And Genre Paint Er, Whose Real Name Was Michael Lieh. He Was Born At Alunkdes. February 20, 1844. The Son Of A Petty Official. Became An Orphan At An Early Age, And In 1855 Was Apprentieed To A Joiner. After Several Years Of ...

Munsee
Mun'see. A Subtrilie Of The Delaware (q.v.), Originally Constituting One Of The Three Great Divisions Of That Tribe And Dwelling Along The Upper Streams Of The Delaware 'river, And The Adjacent Country In New York, New Jersey, And Pennsylvania. They Were Considered The Most Warlike Portion Of The Tribe And ...

Munster
Munster, Mun'ster. The Capital Of The Prussian Province Of Westphalia, Situated In A Level District At The Eonfluenee Of The Aa With The Minister Canal, 65 Miles Northeast Of Dusseldorf (slap: Prussia, B 2). The Town Is Medheval In Appearance. With Its Ancient Gabled Buildings, Old Renaissance Houses, Rococo Ings ...

Murat
Murat, Joacnint (1707-1815). A Celebrated French Eavalry Leader, King Of Naples From 1808 To 1813. Ile Was Born Alareh 25, 1767, Being The Son Of A Well-to-do Innkeeper At Ladlastide-fortunierc. Neat• Ca Hors, In France. Ile Was Intended For The Priesthood And Com Menc•ed The Study Of Theology And Canon ...

Muravieff
Muravieff, Inrill'rit-vyg'. Au Ancient And Distim.mislied Russian Family. Originally Of Which In 1485 Was Presented By Czar Ivan ;usilievitch 1. With Large Estates In The Province Of Novgorod. The Best Known Members Of Ily Are: Nlimiati, Until Aiine 11. Made Him The Tutor Of Her Grandchildren. .mexander And Lionstantin. For ...

Murchison
Murchison. Sir Roderick Impey (1792 18711. A British Geologist, Born In Tarradale, Ross. After Studying At The Military College Of Marlow, Lie Entered The Army And Served As An Officer In The Peninsular War Under Wellington. Through The Advice Of Sir Humphry Davy He Was Induced To Take Lip The ...

Murcia
Murcia, Ntr'the-it. A Former Division And An Old Moorish Kingdom Of Spain, Situated In The Southeastern Part Of The Country, And Bounded On The North By New' Castile, On The East By The Former Kingdom Of Valencia, On The South By The Mediterranean Sea, And On The West By The ...