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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 14

National Nicknames Me
National Nicknames (me. Nekt.name, Arname, By Faulty Liaison Or Sandhi For An Eke.. Name, Additional Name, From Ckr Numc). Tional.nicknames Are As A Rule First Employed By The People Theni,..elves. By The Familiar Jolin Bull Is Meant The English Nation. The Name Was Tint Used In The Satire Of Dr. ...

Natural Selection
Natural Selection. The Evolution Idea Is As Old As The Time Of The Greek Phi Losophers., But That Form Of It Called Natural Seleetion, Or Darwinism, Dates From 1s5s, When The Theory Was Stated By Darwin (q.v.) And Also By Wallace (q.v.), Each Independently Of The Other. Nearly A Century ...

Natural Selection Not The
Natural Selection Not The Exclusive :means Of Modification. It Should He Observed That Darwin Frankly Expressed The Eonviction That Natural Selection, Though The Most Important, Has Not Been The Exclusive Means Of Modification. He Allowed That The Absenee Of Eyes In Cave Ani Mals Is Not The Result Of Natural ...

Natural Theology
Natural Theology. The Systematic Arrangement Of That Knowledge As To God And Man And Their Mutual Relations Which Can He Gained From The Study Of Nature To The Exclusion Of Revelation. Such. At Least. Is The Ideal Of Natural Theolog? Anal Its Effort, As It Was Pursued For It Large ...

Naturalization
Naturalization. The Act Or Process By Which In Any Country An Alien Acquires Citizen Ship. The Process Consists Of Two Parts, Viz. The Formal Renunciation Of The Old Allegiance And The Assumption Of A New Allegiance. The Rights And Privileges Of Naturalized Citizens Are Enumer Ated And Defined By The ...

Nature Study
Nature-study. A Modern Development Of The Movement Of Elementary Education Toward The Study Of Real Objects Rather Than Symbols. It Arose In Response To A Demand Voiced As Early As The Year Isis In This Country By Horace :\lann (q.v.) For Early Training In The Inductive Method Of Thought And ...

Nature Worship
Nature-worship. The Worship Of All Objective Phenomena Which Man Regards As Liable To Hurt Or Help Him, And Which Even When Life Less Are Deprecated Or Invoked As Powers Hav Ing Volition. Nature-worship Is Based On Spiritism, But This, Not Being In Itself A Religion, Hut A Philosophy, Does Not ...

Naumann
Naumann. A Family Of German Musicians. Johann Gottlieb ( 174] -1801 , The Most Impor Tant Was Born At Illasewitz, Near Dres Den. He Studied Under Tartini, Padre Martini, And Others, And Became Court Composer At Dres Den In 1764. In 1766 Lie Was Appointed Kapellmeister At Dresden. Lie Produced ...

Nautilus
Nautilus (lat.. From (:k. Vaetraor, Mu/ W(4s, Sailor, From Vats, Na Us, Ship) . The Pearly Nautilus I ;zeillis .nautilus) Is The Only Living Representative Of An Immense Assemblage Of Shelled Cephalopods Of The Sulaolass Tetrabran Ehiata, Whielo Flourished During Past Geological Ages. The Shell Is Coiled In Ono 11/ ...

Naval Academy
Naval Academy, S Te O States. The School At Which Are Educated The Executive Officers Of The United States Navy. It Was Fonndol As The 'naval School' In 1845, At Annapolis, With A Com•se Fixed At Five Years, The First And Last Of Which Were To Be Spent At The ...

Naval Observatory
Naval Observatory. A Government Institution Situated At Washington, 1). C., A Di Vision Of The Bureau Of Equipment In The Navy Department. Its Functions Are "to Determine Accurately The Positions Of The Sun, Moon, Planets, And Stars For Use In Preparing The Nautical Al Manac.: To Test Chronometers; To Issue ...

Naval Reserve
Naval Reserve. In All The More Impor Tant Navies, In Addition To The Regular Forces Serving Continuously With The Fleet, There Are Certain Others Whhli Are Drilled And Instructed In Order To Be Able To Supplement The Personnel Of The Fleet In Time Of War. 111 Peace These Men Are ...

Navarre
Navarre, Na'viir'. A Former Independent Kingdom On Both Sides Of The Western Pyrenees, Now Constituting The Spanish Province Of Na Varra (capital Pamplona ), And Part Of The French Department Of Basses-pyrim6es. The Province Of Navarre Has An Area Of About 4050 Square Miles. A Large Portion Consists Of Wooded ...

Navies Of
Navies (of. Narir, From Lat. Navia, Ship, Variant Of Saris, Gk. Vacs, Anus, Slit. Flan. Oleel. )16r, Ship, Must, Naval Station; Connected With Gk. Pay, Nein, To Swim). The Term Navy Is Ap Plied To The Armed Force Of A Country Which Oper Ates On The Water Or In Coast ...

Navigation Laws
Navigation Laws. The Early Restric Tion Placed Upon Commerce Nv S But One Phase Of The Application Of The Economic Ilnetrines Ad Vocated Prior To The Time Of Adam Smith. Pro Hibiting Exports. Regulating Intercourse. And Gen Erallyobst Met Ing The Operation Of Economic Law.a. The First Recorded British Navigation ...

Naville
Naville, Na'vtq', Ehou.uto Henri (1s44—). A Swiss Egyptologist, Born At Geneva, June 14, 1544. Ile Studied At The University Of Iris Native City, King's College, London (1862), Bonn ( ), And At The Des Tres, Paris, Receiving His Degree In 1867. Dur Ing His University Career He Paid Much At ...

Navy
Navy, Dri.11.1tment Of T111. Floc Of The Nine Executive Departments Of The I 'tilted States Oov Ernnwrit. Created By [let Of Congress Of April 30, 17118. And Charged With The General Control And Of The Navy. From 171o To 171)s The Management Of Naval Affairs Was Under The Control Of ...

Naxos
Nax'os (lat., From Gk. Natos). The Largest, Most Beautiful. And Most Fertile Of The Cyclades. It Is Situated In The .egean, Midway Bet Ween The Coasts Of Greece And Asia Minor. Extreme Length, About 20 Miles: Breadth, 15 Miles. Population, In 1896, 15,608. The Principal Products And Articles Of Export ...

Nazarene
Nazarene Najapnv6s, Nazarrnos, Tunic Frequently Nailepaios. Nortint Jos, From Nakapci, Nazara, Nas'ap0, Awreth, Nazareth). A Term Applied To Jesus To Indicate That He Came Front The Somewhat Obscure Galilean Town Naza Reth (q.v.). Which Was Not Connected With Any Messianic Prophecies Or Expectations (ef, John I. 46 And Vii. 41). ...

Nazareth
Nazareth (gk. Nazareth, Nazara, From An Aramaic Word Of Uncertain Form And Meaning). A Town Of Ancient Galilee, Famed As The Place Where Jesus Passed His Childhood. The New Testament Records Are Singularly Silent As To The Details Of The Life Of The Holy Family In Nazareth. The Only Passage ...

Nazirite
Nazirite (11th. Nit:ir, From Mi.:ar, To Eon .•,evro Le ). Among The Hebrews, One Who Had De Voted Himself In A Peculiar Sense To Yahweh. The Train Is Used Of Two Classes: La I Nazi Rites For Life, And For A Limited Period. The Law In The Post-exilic Priestly Code ...

Neander
Neander, Na-iin'di;r„joilann Aruttst Wit. Helm (1789-1850). One Of The Most Famous I If Eeelesiastieal Historians. Lle Was Born At Got Tingen, January 17, 1789. Of Jewish Parentage, And Recei Ed His Early Education At The Johan Neunt Iii Hamburg. On February 13, 1806, He Publicly Renounced Judaism, And Was Baptized ...

Nearctic Region
Nearctic Region (front Gk. Rlos, Dpw ± Dphrocos, Arirlik0.s, Arctic, Northertil. A Region In Zoilgeography Including The Entire Con Tinent Of North Anieriea, Except The Hot Coast. Land: Of Mexico. It Is A Part Of Aretogwa, Or The Holaretie Llegion, In The View Of Those Who Regard The Northern Hemisphere ...

Nebraska
Nebras'ka (north American Indian. Shal Low Water). One Of The North Central States Of The American Union, Popularly Known As The "blackwater State." It Lies Between The Parallels Of Latitude 40° And 43° N.. And Between Longi Tudes 95° 20' And 104° W.. The Latter Meridian And The Two Parallels ...

Nebuchadnezzar
Nebuchadnezzar, Uavb'4-kpd-n5z'zi•r, Or, More Correctly. Nebuchadrezzar (deb., From Babylonian N./ Hu-k Wilfirri-el,•rur. Natio [nebol Protect The Boundary). The Great King Of The Nco-babylonian Empire, Who Ruled E.6114-61 Mc% Was The Second Of The Name. Nebuchadnezzar I. [laving B14`11 A List Babylonian Mon Arch Of The ,erilad Half Of The Twelfth ...

Nebulze
Nebulze (lat. Nom. Pl., Clouds, Vapors, Mists). Patches Of Luminous Matter Occurring In Considerable Numbers In Various Parts Of The Sky. And Differing From The Stars In That They Do Not Present Simply Small Definite Points Of Light, But Rather Large Surfaces Of Widely Varying Bril Liancy. We Have Acquired ...

Neck As
Neck (as. Harem. 0i10. Brim-, Rarer, Cer. Nek, Probably Eonneeted With ()ir. (-note, ()bret. Enoc•h, Hill. Elevation). The Por Lion. Of The Anatomy Between The Head And The Shoulders. In The Human Being There Are Several Muscles That Pass From The Skull To The Thorax, Which, Together Xvith The (esophagus ...

Necker
Necker, Nivkile, .1.ttqt•es (1732-1801). A French Statesman And Financier. Lie Was Horn September 30, 1732. At Geneva, Where His Father Was Professor Of Public Law. In 1747 Necker Went To Paris And Entered A Banking House, Where He Served His Apprenticeship In Finance. In 1762 He Established A Banking Business ...

Nectary
Nectary. A Surface Gland Which Secretes Nectar (q.v.). The Name Is Also Applied To Abor Tive Floral Organs (see Below). Neetaries Are Most Common In The Flowers Of Seed Plants, Hut Are Found Also In Regions Remote From The Flower (fig. 1). Extra-floral Nectaries Are Found On The Leafstalks And ...

Needle As
Needle (as. Wr,//, Floth. M'abi, 011g. Oddla, (ler. N4141,1, From R111:. Mijan, (len Piihrn, To 1414.w; Ultimately 1.011111peled With Oh% St141//11/4/, Thread, As Sficor, Ieng. Snare, Ilk. View Urrin, To Sew). All Instrunlratt Of Metal, Or Other Material, Used To Carry The Thread In Sewing. Embroidering. Knitting. Netting. And Other ...

Neer
Neer, Nitr, .].vier V.?n Der ( Dutch Landscape Painter, Horn At Amsterdam. Ile Was A Friend Of Albert I. Who Occasionally Supplied The Figures And Animals In His Pictures, Which Were For The Most Part Moonlight Scenes, Depicted With A Prevailing Warill Tone. At Times He Represented The Sante Usually ...

Negative Quantity
Negative Quantity. The Inverse Op Erations Of Mathematics. Such As Subtraction, Division, And Evolution, Often Lead To Results Which Cannot Be Expressed In Terms Of The Sante Unit As The Numbers Entering The Operation. The Interpretation Of These Results Loads To The So Called Artificial Numbers, And In The Particular ...

Negligence
Negligence (lat. Acy/iyentio, From Neg Liaens, Part. Of Nrgli Fp Re, Arab' Acre, To Neglect, From Me, Not. -4- Leacm, To Gather). The Omission To Do Something Which A Reasonable Man Guided By Those Elm,i.lerathals Which Ordi Narily Regulate The Conduct Of Human A !fairs Would Do. Or Doing Something ...

Negritos
Negritos, Nu-gre'toz (sp., Little Negro). The Term Applied By Most Modern Ethnologists To One Of The Great Ethnic Groups Into Which The Pop Ulation Of The East Indies Is Divided. Sonic An Thropologists Recognize A •negritic Stock' Consist Ing Of Three Groups, Negrito. Papuan. And Melane Sian, While Others Regard ...

Negro
Negro (sp.. Plot, It. It, Nro. Ldnrk, Lat. Nig, R. Hark). The Bailie Properly Applied To A Suhspecies Of Mankind Of Whom The Chief Eltaraeterist Ie.: Are A Dark Skin, Woolly Or Frizzly Hair. And Ti Dolichoeephalie Skull. The Negroid Type Os Many Modifications And Has Cue Tained A Fairly ...

Negro Education
Negro Education. Much Of The Negro Advancement In The United States Since The Civil War Is To Be Credited To The Regular Habits Of Industry. And To The Knowledge Of The Xvhite Man's Religion, Language, And Ways Of Life Gained In Slavery Days. To One Connected With Negro Schools Nothing ...

Negro Exodus
Negro Exodus. The Name Applied To A Movement Of Freedmen [roe The Southern To The We,tern And Northern In 1879 Aml 1850. The Movement Began In The Early Spring Of 1879, And Before The Close Of 1580 Fully 40.000 Uegroes Had Removed To Alum., [chile A Large Number Had Settled ...

Negro Melodies
Negro Melodies. The Music Of The American Is Essentially Vocal. Their Few Musical Instruments Are Of Importance Only For Accompaniments To Or For Ac The Rhythm Of The Dance. The Last Twenty Years Music Has Been Steadily Its Distinctive Feature-. To The Ien Dcnry The To Discard Which Harks Back ...

Negro In America
Negro In America. The First Appear Ance Of The Negro In The English Colonies In America Was In 1019, When A Cargo Of Negro Slaves Was Landed At Jamestown. The Scarcity Of Labor. Especially In The Southern Colonies, Created An Increasing Denr:uui For Negro :laves; And By 1714 The Number ...

Negros
Negros, One Of The Philippine Island..., To The Visayas It Lies Between The Islands Of Pa Nay And Cebfl. It Is Separated From Panay And The Small Island Of 1;nintartis On The Northwest By The Strait Of 1:unnanis, Miles Wide At The Narrowest, And From Tebn On The East By ...

Nehemiah
Nehemiah, Boon Or. One Of The Histor Ical Hooks Of The Old Testament. In Some Greek And Latin Versions It Is Called The Second Book Of Ezra, And In The Jewish Canon The Books Of Ezra And Nehemiah Originally Constituted One Book. It Is The Opinion Of Modern Scholars That ...

Neidhart Von Reuenthal
Neidhart Von Reuenthal, Nichlirt Fi'm Roi'en-tal 1e.1150-e.12501. A German Poet. Born In Bavaria. Ile Participated In The Crusade Against Damietta. Egypt (1215-19), And Later Resided At The Court 44 Frederick The Quarrel Some In Vienna. Front Frederick He Re Ceived A Fief Near Melk And Other Valua Ble Gifts. He ...

Nemathelminthes
Nemathelminthes (neo-lat. Nom. Pl.. From Gk. Vijpa, Nilna, Thread + Nws. Hr/min-c, Worm). A Large And Important Phylum Of The Unsegmented Worms, Of A More Or Less Elon Gated Cylindrical Form And Known As 'round Worms.' Their Skin Is Thick And Strong, And Is Usually Wrinkled. Giving The Body A ...

Nematocyst
Nematocyst ( From Gk. Villza, Thread Kkres, Kystis, Bladder). One Of The Lasso-cells, Thread-cells, Or Nettling Organs (enithr) Of Jellyfishes And Other Ccelenterata, Act Ing As Organs Of Offense And Defense. These Bodies Are Imbedded In The Outer Cellular Layer Or Ectoderm Of Eelentei-ates. A Nematocyst Is An Oval, Tough ...

Nemertinea
Nem'ertin'ea (neo-lat.. From Gk. Nnmep Rns, 7'1 Name Of A Nereid, From V7)leptig, Ncmcrffs,mierring, From Sic-, Note Aaaprcivetv, Hamartanein. To Miss). A Class Of Flatworms Easily Distinguished From The Platodes The Proboscis And The Presence Of An Anus. They Are Also Remarkable For The Prodi Gious Length Attained By Some ...

Nemesis
Nemesis (lat.. From (:k, Ni/agyls, From Nonein, To Distribute). A Goddess Of Fate. Who Apportions To Men Their Deserts. In Homer Nemesis Does Not Appear As A Person, Though The Word Is Used As 'a Common Noun In The Sense Of 'righteous Anger.' In Another Early (pie. The Cypria, Nemesis ...

Neo Lamarcwism
Ne'o-lamarcwism. The Modified Doc Trine Held By Those Naturalists Who Accept In The Main The Teachings Of Lamarck ( Q.v. ) . La Marck Was The First Truly Scientific Thinker To State In A Detailed Way The Enlists Not Only Of The Origin Of Species. But Of Certain Types Of ...

Neo Platonism
Neo-pla'tonism. The Name Applied To The Teachings. Primarily Of The Gneeo-alcx Andrian School Of Philosophy, And Later Of A Number Of Italian Humanists, As Well As Some Englishmen. The Extension Of The Roman Em Pire And The Growing Intercourse Between Differ Ent Parts Of The World Gave Rise To An ...

Neotropical Region
Neotropical Region. In Zoogeog Raphy, A Primary Division Embracing South, America And Its Islands, Central America, And The Hot Lowlands Of Mexico And The \vest In Dies. Other Names Proposed For It Have Been Austro-columbian. Dendropea, And Notogwa. Its Characteristics Are More Distinctly Marked Than In Some Of The Other ...

Nephoscope
Nephoscope (from Gk. Vioatc, Nephos, Cloud + Crk Sk 0 Pc111 . To View). An Instru Ment Used By Meteorologists For Observing The Clouds, And Especially For Determining The Amount And Direction Of The Horizontal Com Ponent Of The Apparent Motion Of A Cloud. The Modern Nephoseope Is The Development ...

Neptune
Nep'tune (lat. Neptunus; Connected With Ay. Noptu, Moist ), Or Poseidon (gk. Iloaetatzv, Poscidthi. Do•ie Horeadfwv, Poteidavon, Horeoviv, Poteidan: Of Uncertain Etymology). In Classical Mythology, A Brother Of Zeus And Lord Of The Sea. In Legend He Is The Son Of Cronus And Rhea. Ilis Home Is A Splendid Palace ...

Nergal
Ner'gal. A Prominent Deity In The Baby Lonian And Assyrian Pantheons. The Name (prob Ably Better, Nerigal) Is Assured By The Old Testament; Its Meaning Is Obscure (*the Rages,' Or 'the Great Ruler') , The Babylonian Etymologists Explaining It As 'the Mighty One Of The Great Dwelling-plaee.' With Reference To ...

Nernst Lamp
Nernst Lamp. See Electric Lighting. Ne'ro (a.n. 37-68). A Roman Emperor (a.n. 54-68). He Was Born At Antium, On The (mast Of Latium. December 15, A.d. 37. And Was The Son Of Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus And Of Agrippina, The Daughter Of Gernianicus Ca•sar, And Sister Of Caligula. His Mother Afterwards ...

Nervous Disease
Nervous Disease. An Affection Of Any Part Of The Nervous System, Either Of The Brain, Spinal Eord, Sympathetic Nerves, Or Peri Pheral Nerves. Diseases Of The Nervous System Are Divided Into Functional And Organic. In The Latter Local Anatomical Alteration Of Nerve Structure Is Apparent. There Are In Reality No ...

Nervous System And Brain
Nervous System And Brain. Tits Toatwo,. It Is Impossible In An Article Such As The Present To Do More Than Touch Upon Sonic Of The More Important Investigations Which Have Brought Us To Our Present Conception Of Nervous System Structure. To The Philosopher Descartes, In The Latter Part Of The ...

Nestorians
Nesto'rians. The Name Commonly Given To One Of The Schismatic Ehurches Of The East, Formely Large And Flourishing. But Now Small In Numbers And With Little Influence. The Name Is Derived From Nestorins (q.v.). It Was First Ap Plied To Them By A Theological Opponent. Philox Enus, Monophysite Bishop Of ...

Nestorius
Nesto'rius (lat., From (1k. Near6ptos. Nes Torios) Bishop Of Constantinople. 425-431, And Author Of The Christological Heresy Known As Nes Torianistn. Ile Was A Wild] Of Theodore Of Mop Suestia. One Of The Leading Theological Teachers Of Nitwit, Who Was Greatly Revered Throughout The Asiatic Section Of The Eastern Church. ...

Netherlands
Netherlands. In The Days Of Sailing Vessels The Nand• Of The Netherlands Was A Powerful One, But The Great Cost Of Modern Fighting Ships Has Prevented The Netherlanders, A Naturally Sea Faring Race, From Maintaining A Powerful Fleet. The Navy Is Represented In The Cabinet By The Minister Of Marine. ...

Netherlands Schools Of Paint
Netherlands Schools Of Paint Ing. Clider This Title May Best He Grouped Flemish And Mitch Schools, \side!' Possess In Eunnnuu Contain Di-tilletive E1uia1itirc And Have Had -1 Similar Developillent. The Hein Mi Selinol May Be Said To Begin With Ilnyheelit And Jan Van 114n1, ‘vhose Remarkable Ilriprove Mmt Of Oil ...

Netjroptera
Netjrop'tera (neo-lat. Nom. Pl.. From Elk. Pirwoy, Neuron. Nerve + Ir-rcp6v, Pleron, Wing). _1 Linn:ran Order Of Insect.; Which Has Recently Been Restricted By Out The Orders Mecoptera, Corrodentia, I Soptera. Odonata, Ephemerbla. Pleeoptera. And Trichoptera. Which Together For A Limp Were Known As The Pseudo Neurop14.ra. At Present The ...

Nets As
Nets (as, Net, Goth. Nati, 011g. 71czzi, Ger. Net:, Net, Of Doubtful Etymology; Possibly Con Nected With Lat. Nassa, Wee)). Open Fabrics Of Cotton, Linen, Hemp, Silk, Or Other Material. Whose Threads Usually Cross Each Other At Right Angles, Leaving A Comparatively Large Open Space Between Them. The Open Spaces ...

Netscher
Netscher, Likseart ( 163:1-s4). A 1)titch Genre And Portrait Painter. Horn At Heidel Berg. Ile Was The Pupil Of Koster At Arnheim, But Belongs To The ,chun] Of Terhurg :111(1 Alet,11. 141 A Proposed Journey To Italy He Got As Far As 'bordeaux. And Although He Paid A Second Visit ...

Nettle As
Nettle (as. Netcle, Nett(', 1)11(7. Ne..tila, Diminutive Of Na=a, Nettle, Oct.. .vcssei, Ir. Nenaid, Nettle. Probably Conneeted With Oprus. Noutis, Lith. Noteff. Litt. Nritrrs, 17k. Ciii/tcrb Nettle). A Common Name Of Crtica, ;1 Genus Of Plants Of The Natural Order Urticacem Having Unisexual Flowers. The Species Are Annual 017 Perennial ...

Neumes
Neumes, Nuniz (of. Neuntc, From Ml. Nen Ma, Pia Tune:, Song, Musical Sign, From Gk, Pnru Met, Breath, From Rvtiv, Putin, To Breathe). In Gregorian Music, Melodic Ornaments, Espe Eially Series Of Notes Sung To One Syllable. Also Characters In A Peculiar System Of Musical Nota Tion Which Was In ...

Neuralgla
Neuralgla. (neu-lat., From Gk. Veupov, Neuron. Nerve + 11xyos, A/gos, Pain). A ,ensto-y Neurosis Classed A, Functional And Characterized By Pain In The Course Of A Nerve Or Of Nerves. Neuralgia, Are Divided Into (1) Symptomatic, As \viten They Are Due To A Toxin Or A Reflex Irri Tation, And ...

Neurasthenia
Neurasthenia (nee Lat.. From Gk. Veupov, Neuron, Nerve Arthenria, Weakness), Nerve Weakness. Perhaps The Most Fre Quent Of The Acquired Neuroses. The Symptom Group Making Up This Clinical Entity Was First Familiarized By Beard Of New York In 1g69. And It Is Sometimes Called The American Disease, Though Now Recognized ...

Neuritis
Neuritis (nen-lat., From Gk. Eclpov, Neu Ron, Nerve). A Disease Of A Nerve O• Of Nerves, Aceompanied By Inflammation. Neuritis Is Either Single O• Multiple; Interstitial Or Diffuse; Toxic Or Infective. It Is Caused By Injury To The Nerve Involved, O• Infection Such As From Typhoid Fever, Or Tuberculosis O• ...

Neurosis
Neuro'sis (nco-lat., From Gk. Vfiipov, Nen (on, Nerve). A Numbid Nervous State, Either Functional (due To Reflex Disturbance From A Lesion Or A Condition In Another Part Of The'body) Or Organic (due To Local Conditions). Neuroses Are Classed As Kinrsio-neuros(s, Or Disorders Of Motion; Osthesio-ncuros. S, Or Sensory Disorders; Tropho-neuroses. ...

Neurovogy
Neurovogy Gk. Veiipop, Neuron, Nerve H- -xoyta, -loqio, Account, From Xe-yetv, Lc Gein, To Say). The Branch Of Science Concerned With The Anatomy, Physiology, Disorders, And Dis Eases Of The Nervous System. Brain Functions Associated With Mentality Are Somewhat Arbitra Rily Placed In The Field Of Psychology, And Their Disorders ...

Neutrality
Neutrality (in International Law). The Complete Abstention Of A State From Giving Ma Terial Aid Or Encouragement To Either Belligerent In An Existing War. Legally A Neutral State Is A Friend To Both Bdligurents And Endeavors To Maintain Peaceful Relations With Each. The Doc Trine Of Neutrality As Now Miderstooa ...

Neuville
Neuville, Netetr. Almonse De (1836-85). A French Military Painter And Illustrator. He Was Horn At Saint-omer (pas-de-calais). May 31, 1836. His Father, Who Was Wealthy, Wished His Son To Prepare For An Official Position. But The Boy Preferred A Military Life And Attended The Naval School At ',orient, Where He ...

Nevada
Nevada, Mt-vii'da, Popularly The 'sage Brush State.' A \vestern State Of The United Status. Tlie4241 Parallel Of Tort It Latitude Separates It From Gregon And Idaln, On The North. The 114th West Of Greenwich From Utah And Ari 7.1/11:1 On The East, The Arizona Boundary Being Continued On The Southeast ...

Nevers
Nevers, Nc-var'. The Capital Of The Depart Ment Of Nievre. France. And Formerly Of The Province Of N Ivernais. Situated On A Hill In The Midst Of Fertile Plains At The Confluence Of The Loire And The Nievre, 140 Miles Southeast Of Paris (map: France. K 51. It Is An ...

New Bedford
New Bed'ford. A Port Of Entry And One Of The County Seats Of Bristol County, Mass., 56 Miles South Of Boston; The Terminus Of A Division Of The New York. New Llaven And Ifartford Rail Road ( Alap: Alassachusetts. 1 4r. It Is Situated Near The Mouth Of The Acuslinet ...

New Brunswick 1
New Brunswick. .1 Eily And The Coun Of _middlesex County. N. .1.. 23 Miles Southwest Of Newark; At The Head Of Navigation On The Raritan River, About 15 Miles From Ils Month, And On The Pennsylvania And The Raritan 'liver Railroads Fllap; New Jersey, It 31. Tt Is The Terminus ...

New Caledonia
New Caledonia, An Island In The Pacific•, Belonging To France, The Southern Most Of The Melanesian Islands. It Is Situated 1200 Miles Southeast Of New Guinea. 850 Miles From The Coast Of Queensland, And About The Same Distance Trop New Zealand ('clap: Australasia, J 5). It Is Elongated In Shapc,extending ...

New College
New College. A College At Oxford, Eng Land, Originally Known As The College Of Saint Mary Of Winchester. It Was Founded By William Of Wykeham, Bishop Of Winehester, And Some Time Lord Chancellor Of England. In 1379 For A Warden, 70 Fellows And Scholars, 10 Chaplains, 3 Clerks, And 16 ...

New England
New England. The Collective Name Of The States Of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, And Connect Ieut. It Has An Area Of 67.38'4 Squ:u•e Miles, And Had A Population, In 1900, Of 5,592.017. Leif Ericson Is Believed By Many To Have Sailed Along The Coast Of New England ...

New England Primer
New England Primer, Tue. One Of The Most Famous School-books In The History Of Education. Yet It Is It First Ap Peared, And Of The 2,000,000 Copies That It Is Reasonable To Suppose Were Printed And Sold In The Eighteenth Century, Less Than 50 Survive, Rep Resenting, However. Some Forty ...

New England Theology
New England Theology. The Name Given To A Distinct School Of Calvinistic Theology, Originating In New England, And Characterized By Modifications Of The Older Theology In Respect To The Nature Of God; The Freedom, Ability, And Responsibility Of Man; The Nature Of Moral Ac Tion; And The Constitutive Principle Of ...

New Hampshire
New Hampshire (popularly Called The `granite State'). A North Atlantic State Of The United States, Belonging To The New England Group. It Lies Between Latitudes 42° 40' And 45° Is' N.. And Between Longitudes 70° 37' And 72° 37' W . It Is Bounded On The North By The Cana ...

New Haven
New Haven. The County-seat Of New Haven County, Conn., And The Largest City Of The State, Situated At The Head Of New Haven Bay, Four Miles From Long Island Sound. And On The Main Line And Several Leased Lines Of The New York, New Haven And Hartford Railroad, 73 Miles ...

New Hebrides
New Hebrides, Lieb'rf-dez. A Group Of Islands In The Pacific Ocean, Northeast Of New Caledonia, Extending From Latitude 13° To 20° S., And From Longitude 165° To 170° E.(map: Austra Lasia, .1 4). Its Total Area Is Estimated At Over 50011 Square Miles. The Chief Islands Are Espiritu Santo. Slallicolo, ...

New London
New London. A City, Port Of Entry, And One Of The County-seats Of New London County, Conn., 14 Miles South Of Norwich, The Other Eounty-seat, And 51 Miles 'act Of New Haven: On The Thames River, About Three Ndles Above Its Entrance Into Long Island Sound, And On The New ...

New Orleans
New Orleans, 6r'wanz. The Largest City In Louisiana. And, With The Exception Of Natchi Toches, The Oldest. It Is Situated On Both Banks Of The Mississippi, 107 Miles From Its Mouth. In Lati Tude 29° 58' N.. And Longitude 90° 04' W. (map: Louisiana. F 4). Its Distance From Washington ...