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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 20

Wesley
Wesley, .tons (1703-91). An English Clergyman, Generally Known As The Founder Of Methodism. He Was Born At Epworth, In Lin Colnshire, The Fifteenth Child Of The Bev. Samuel Wesley, And Of A Family Which Had Been Known As Nonconformists. Though Samuel Had Taken Orders In The Church Of England. At ...

West Indies
West Indies, In'diz. A Large Archipelago In The Atlantic Ocean Between The North And South American Continents. It Consists Of The Ba Hama Islands, A Somewhat Irregular Group Lying To The Southeast Of The Peninsula Of Florida And The Greater And Lesser Antilles (see Antilles). A Long Chain Of Islands ...

West Point
West Point. A Military Post On The Right Bank Of The Hudson River, On The Eastern Edge Of Orange County, N. Y., 50 Miles From The City Of New York, With Which It Is Connected By The West Shore And New York Central And Iludeon River Railroads And Daily Steamboats. ...

Westinghouse
Westinghouse, (ieow,r, ( 18-16 ). An American Inventor And Engineer, Famous For His Invention Of The Air-brake. Ile Was Born At Cen Tral Bridge, Schoharie County, N. Y., But Re Moved When A Young Boy To Schenectady, Where He Was Educated In The Public Schools. Ilk Father Was A Large ...

Westmacott
West'macott. A Family Of Distinguished English Sculptors.—sir Richard Westmacott (1775-1856), The First To Attain Eminence, Was The Son And Pupil Of Richard Westmacutt, Also A Sculptor. In 1793 His Father Sent Him To Rome, Where He Received His Actual Artistic Training From Canova, Carrying Off The Gold Medal Of The ...

Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey. ( Ine Of The Prin Cipal Churches, And, In A Peculiar Sense, The Na Tional Sanctuary, Of England. It Was Originally The Abbey Church Of A Monastery Founded In The Reign Of King Offal. Of Mercia, And Reorganized By Dunstan In 971. The First Church Is Said To ...

Westphalia
Westpha'lia. A Province Of Prussia, Bounded On The North And East By Hanover, On The East By Schaumburg-lippe, Lippe, Bruns Wick, Hesse-nassau, And Waldeck, On The South East By Ile-se-nassau, On The Southwest By The Rhine Provinee, And On The Northwest By The Netherlands (map: Prussia, 11 3), Area, 7803 ...

Westwood
Westwood.. Joutn Obadiah (1805-93). An English Entomologist And Antiquary. He Was Born In Sheffield, And Became A Lawyer In London. But Never Practiced, Devoting Him Self To Entomology And Antiquarian Researches. Ae Was A Founder (1833). Of The Entomological Society Of London• And Finally Its Honor•ar;y Life President. In 1s61 ...

Weyden
Weyden, Vi'drn, Romisa Van Der (e.1400 64). A Flemish Painter, Founder Of The School Of Brabant. Next To The Brothers Van Eyck Lie Was The Most Gifted And Influential Master Of The Early Flemish School. Lle Was Not A Pupil Of Jan Van Eyck, As Was Formerly Supposed. But Rather ...

Whale Fishery
Whale Fishery. The Beginnings Of The Whale Fishery Are Obscure, But It Appears That In The Ninth Century The Norwegians Sent Out Vessels In Pursuit Of Whales. Perhaps Even As Far As Greenland. The Biscayans, However, Seem To Have Been The First To Make A Regular Commercial Pursuit Of Whale-hunting, ...

Whale As
Whale (as. Hzecri, Otig. Wal-fisc, Ger. Ii U1ji.,rh, Whale). Any Large Marine Mammal Of The Order Cetacea (q.v.), The Only Essential Difference Between A Whale And A Dolphin Or Por Poise Being The Size, Although The Name Is More Particularly Applicable To The Toothless Or Whale Bone Whales. One Of ...

Wharf As
Wharf (as. Hwerf, Breakwater, Icel. Hvarf, Shelter, Oswed. Swed. Cart, Shipbuilder's Yard; Connected With Goth. Hwairban, As. /terror Fan, Me. Wherve, Teel. ',vertu, Oswed. Hrerfra, Hwerfan, Wervan, Werban, Ger. Werben, To Turn, Go To And Fro: Probably Connected With Gk. Kapaataubr, Karpalimos, Swift). In Law, A Wharf Is A Structure ...

Whately
Whately, Hwfit'li. Richard (1737-13631. An English Prelate And Scholar. He Was Born In London, And After Some Years At A Private School, Educated At Oriel College, Oxford, Where He Took His Degree In 1808. He Took The English Essay Prize In 1810. And A Year Later Won The Blue Ribbon ...

Wheat Insects
Wheat Insects. In Europe Fifty-three Species Of Insects Are Recorded By Kaltenbach To Feed Upon Wheat; In North America The Number Is Surely Much Larger. Except The Ehinch.laug And The Hessian Ily (qq.v.), Which Are The Most Dreaded, The Following Are The Most Important Species. The Wheat-midge (diplosis Tritici) Was ...

Wheat As
Wheat (as. Hirmte, Coth. Hwaitris, Oho. Yecizzi, Tier. Weizen, Wheat, From As. 1001, “oth. Hutits, Oho. -min, Ger. Weiss, White; Connected With Lith. Szeuityli, To Brighten. ()church Slay. Srail, Light, Av. Sparta, Skt. S1r11(4, White, From Vin, To Be White). The Best. Known And The Most Valuable Of All The ...

Wheatstone
Wheat'stone, Sir Charles (1802-75). An English Physicist And Inventor. He Was Born At Gloucester, And When Twenty-one Years Of Age Entered Into Business In London As A Maker Of Musical Instruments. The Prinei Ples Involved In Their Construction Largely Occu Pied His Attention, And In 1833 He Conummieated His First ...

Wheatstones Bridge
Wheatstone's Bridge. An Important And Much Used Method For The Measurement Of Electrical Resistance. Employing A Battery, A Galvanometer, And Auxiliary Resistances, It Is Possible To Determine The Resistance Of A Con Ductor With A High Degree Of Accuracy. The Principle Of The Method Will Be Readily Under Stood By ...

Wheeling
Wheel'ing. The Largest City Of West Vir Ginia And The County-seat Of Ohio County, 63 Miles Southwest Of Pitesburg. Pa.. On The Ohio River, And On The Pennsylvania, The Pittsburg, Cincinnati. Chicago And Saint Louis. The Balti More! And Ohio, The Cleveland. Lorain And Wheel Ing, The Wheeling And Lake ...

Whetstone
Whetstone, C1eornr. ( 1514 ?-57 ?). An English Author, Of A Wealthy Lincolnshire Fam Ily. He Was Born Probably In London. From His Father He Seems To Have Inherited A Compe Tence Which He Quickly Squandered. He Served In The Low Countries In 1572 And Was Present At The Bottle ...

Whey As
Whey (as. Huurg, In1duteh Wey, Huy, From, Dutch Wei, Whey, Of Unknown Etymology). A By-product Obtained In The Manufacture Of Cheese (q.v.). When Milk Is Curdled With Rennet Or Any Similar Substance, The Curd Separates Front The Liquid Portion Of The Milk, And The Latter Is Termed Whey. If Skillfully ...

Whig Party
Whig- Party. In American History, The Name First Applied To Those Who During And Immediately Preceding The Revolutionary War Opposed The Measures Of The British Govern Ment, In Contradistinction To The Loyalists Or Tories. The Name Came To Be Synonymous With Patriot In America. And Is Believed To Have Made ...

Whirlwind
Whirlwind. A Term Specifically Applied To Small Whirls Or Eddies Of Winds That Continue Only A Few Seconds, Seldom Longer Than A Minute; The Diameter Of The Whirl Is Correspondingly Small, And Is Made Visible Principally By Dust, Leaves, Or Light Objects Flying In The Air. The Most Extensive Dust ...

Whisky
Whisky (probably A Variant Of Usqucbaugh, From Gael., Ir. Nisqebeatha, Water Of Life, From Nisge, Oir. Water; Connected With Gk. Nios, Hydos, Water. Skt. Utsa, Spring. Or With As., Glig. Orasean. Ger. Eng. Trash. Both Groups Probably Ultimately Akin + Beatha, Fir. Boot It It, Bethn, Life, Connected With Lat. ...

Whisky Insurrection
Whisky Insurrection. The Term Pop Ularly Applied To The Organized Opposition Among The Farmers And Distillers Of The Four Western Counties Of Pennsylvania In 1794 To The Enforee Ment Of The Federal Law Of March, 1791, Impos Ing An Excise Tax On Whisky. The Law Was Ex Ceedingly Unpopular In ...

Whisky Ring
Whisky Ring. In American History, A Term Popularly Applied To An Association Of In Ternal Revenue Officers And Distillers Formed Dur Ing The Administration Of President Grant For The Purpose Of Defrauding The Government Of The Excise On Distilled Spirits. The Ring Originated In Saint Louis. Distillers Who Refused To ...

Whist
Whist (variant Of Whisk, So Called From The Whisking Or Sweeping Of The Tricks From The Board, From Icel. Crash, Wisp Of Hay, Rubber, 1/11g. Wise, Ger. Ll'isch, Whisk; Perhaps Connected With Lat. Virga, Rod. Switch). A Game Of Cards Played With A Full Pack By Four Persons, Two In ...

Whiston
Whis'ton, Willuof (1667-1752). A Cler Gyman Of The Church Of England. He Was Born At Norton, In Leicestershire. Lie Studied At Home And In A School At Tamworth Until 1686, When He Went To Cambridge, Where He Greatly Distinguished Himself, As A Student Of Mathematics. In 1690 Lie Took His ...

White
White, Gitatenr (1720-93). An English Naturalist. Ile Was Born July Is, 1720, At Sel Borne, A Secluded Village Of Hampshire, And Grew Up In Selborne, At The House Known As 'the Wakes,' Famous As His Life-long Home. Ile At Tended School For A Short Time At Farnham, And Was Afterwards ...

White Mountains
White Mountains. A Rugged Group Of Monadnocks Occupying The North Central Part Of New Hampshire, Where They Cover An Area Of About 1300 Square Miles (map: New Hampshire, J 4). They Belong To The Older Or Crystalline Belt. Of The Appalachian System, And Form The Highest Of A Number Of ...

Whitefield
Whitefield, \ Vhit'f(dd, Geonoe ( 1714-i0). An English Evangelist And Founder Of The Cal Vinistic Methodists. Ile Was Born At The Bell Inn, Gloucester, And Was Sent To A Classical School For Three Years, Where He Distinguished Himself More By His Histrionic Achievements Than By Zeal For Study. In 1732 ...

Whitefish
Whitefish. One Of The Many Important Fishes Of The Genus Coregonus, Of The Salmon Family, Of Which About Fifteen Species Inhabit The Lakes And Streams Of Northern Europe, Asia, And America. They Have An Elongated. Compressed Body. With A Conical Head, Projecting Snout, And A Small. Toothless Mouth. The Scales ...

Whitman
Whitman, Larers ( 1802-47 1. An Ameri Can Pioneer And Missionary, Horn At Rushville, N. Y. He Studied Medicine At The Berkshire :medical Institution At Pittsfield, Mass., And Practiced For Four Years In Canada. Tn 1834 He Offered Himself For Missionary Work To The Ameri Can Board Of Commissioners For ...

Whitney
Whitney, Whajam Dwight (1827-94). An American Sanskrit Scholar And Philologist, Born At Northampton, Mass. Ile Graduated At Williams College In 1815. For The Next Three Or Four Years He Was Clerk In The Northampton Bank, Hut Began To Show A Marked Interest In Natural Seienee And In Languages. In 1819, ...

Wi 11i A Ni
Yan'cey, Wi 1.1.i A Ni Low N Des ( 81-1-113), An American Orator, Lawyer, And Political Leader, Born At Ogeechee Shoals, Ga. De Studied Law At Greenville. S. C.. Was Mlniitted To The Bar In 1834, And Besides Practicing His Profes Sion Edited A Unionist Paper And Spoke Against Nullification. ...

Wichita
Wichita, Wich'i-tit. A Tribe Of Cad'loan Stock (q.v.), Formerly Ranging Over The Country Between The Washita And Upper Lied [livers, In Cluding The Wichita Mountains, In Southern Oklahoma, And Now Gathered In A Reservation On The North Side Of Washita In The Vicinity Of Anadarko. According To Tradition, They, As ...

Wichita_2
Wichita. The County-seat Of Sedgwiek County, Nan., 228 Miles Southwest Of Kansas City, On The Arkansas River, And On The Atchi Son, Topeka And Santa Fe, The .nlissouri Pacific, The Chicago, Rock Island And Pacific, The Saint Louis And San Francisco, The Wichita And West Ern, The Wichita And Colorado, ...

Wieland
Wieland, V(vilint, Ciiristopii Martin (1733-1813). A German Author, One Of The Most Important Of The Classic Period Of German Litera Ture, Born At Oberholzhtim, Near Biberach, In Wiirttemberg. Ile Went To Ttibingen (1750) To Study Law-, But "as More Interested In Literature ;laid The Classics, And 1-pi 'trued To His ...

Wiertz
Wiertz, V?trtz, Antoine Joseph ( 1806-65 ). A Belgian Painter. Ile Was Horn At Dinant, And At The Age Of Ten Painted A Portrait Without Any Previous- Instrnetion In Art. When Twelve Years Old He Is Said To Have Discovered For Him Self The Art Of Wood-engraving. At Fourteen He ...

Wiesbaden
Wiesbaden, Ves'bii-den. A City Of Prussia, In The Province Of Hesse Nassau, Previous To 1866 The Capital Of Nassau, Six Miles North Of :mainz (map: Prussia, C 3). Altitude, 385 Feet. It Is A Charming City And One Of The Most Fash Ionable And Popular Summer Resorts Of Europe, Its ...

Wild Cherry
Wild Cherry (prunus), Several North _american Trees And Shrubs Belonging To The Natural Order Rosacete. P Pennsylraniea, Or Wild Red Cherry, Is A Tree From 20 To 30 Feet High, Common In Rocky Woods, Particularly In The Northern States, With Leaves Oblong-laneeolated, Pointed, Finely And Sharply Serrate, Green, And Smooth ...

Wilhelmj
Wilhelmj, Vel-he1'1116, August (1845—). A German-english Violinist And Conductor. He Was Horn At. Usingen, In Nassau, And Received His First Lessons On The Violin From Conrad Fischer, Court Conduetor To The Duke Of Nassau At Wies Baden. At The Age Of Eight He Played In Quartets, And On January S. ...

Wilkes
Wilkes, Jonn (1727-97). An English Politician, Born In London, Of Well-to-do Parents. Ile Received An Excellent Education, Spending Four Years At The University Of Leyden, Where He Was Entered When But Sixteen Years Of Age. Ileturning To England, He Became A Boon Companion Of The Fastest London Set, The Notorious ...

Wilkes Barre
Wilkes-barre, Wilks'bar-re. The County Seat Of Luzerne County, Pa., 144 Miles North By West Of Philadelphia, On The Susquehanna River, Here Spanned By Four Iron Bridges. And On The Pennsylvania, The Lehigh Valley, The Delaware, Lackawanna And Western, The Delaware And Hudson, And Other Railroads (map: Pennsyl Vania, F 2). ...

Wilkinson
Wilkinson, Sir ,toiin Gardner (1797 1875). A Distinguished English Traveler And Egyptologist, Born October 5, 1797. Wilkinson Was Educated At Narrow And At Exeter College, Oxford, But Left The University Without Taking A Degree And Went To Italy For His Health In 1520. Becoming Interested In Egypto]ogiea] Studies, He Went ...

Will As
Will (as. Wills, Goth. Trill°, Ger. 1vilie, Will, Wish, From As. Willon, Gatti. Wiljan, 011(;. Wcllun, Motion., Ger. Icollen, To Will, To Wish: Connected With Lat. Relic, Wit., Ochurch Slav, Rel0e, To Will. Welsh, Corn., Bret. Gac/-/, Hotter, Ski. Rar, To Choose, Or Perhaps With (4k. Ethcicin, Oacw, 51st. Haroy, ...

Willard
Willard, Emma C. (hart) (1787-1870). A Pioneer In The Field Of Higher Education For Women, Born At Berlin, Conn. In 1803 She Be Came A Teacher In The Village School; Three Years Later She Received A Position In An Academy At Westfield, Conn., But After A Few Weeks Became Principal ...

Williaai 1824 60 Walker
Walker, Williaai (1824-60). An Ameri Can Adventurer And Filihustcr, Born In Nashville, Tenn. Lie Graduated At The University Of Nash Ville And Was Admitted To The Bar, After Which He Studied Medicine At Edinburgh And Heidel Berg. Pe Then Engaged In Newspaper Work In New Orleans And San Francisco. In ...

William 1751 1827 Watters
Wat'ters, William (1751-1827). A Odist Episcopal Minister. Lie Was Born In Balti More County, Aid., Entered The Philadelphia Con Ference, 1773, And Labored In Virginia. .mary Land. And The District Of Columbia. Lie Bore The Distinction Of Being' The First American-horn Alethodist Minister. Owing To Ill Health, His Labor Was ...

William 1759 1833 Wilberforce
Wilberforce, William (1759-1833). An English Statesman And Philanthropist, Born At Hull, In Yorkshire, August 24, 1759. While At School He Addressed A Letter To A York Paper "in Condemnation Of The Odious Traffic In Human Flesh," A Subject He Seems Never Afterwards To Have Lost Sight Of. At Seventeen He ...

William Charles 1793 1872
Wentworth, William Charles (1793 1872). An Australian Statesman, Born On Nor Folk Island, At That Time A Penal Station Of New South Wales, Where His Father Was A Govern Ment Surgeon. From 1shi To 1824 He Was In England Studying At Peterhonse. Canihridge, And At The Aliddle Temple In London. ...

William I
William I. (ger. Wilhelm) (1797-1sss). King Of Prussia And German Emperor. He Was The Second Son Of Frederick William Iii. Of Prussia And Queen Luise, And Was Born March 22, 1797. He Took Part In Tile Campaigns Of 1814 And 1815 Against Napoleon. On The Acces Sion Of His Elder ...

William I 1772 1843
William I. (1772-1843). The First King Of The Netherlands. Be Was The Son Of William, The Last Stadtholder Of The Dutch Republic, And Was Born At The Hague, August 24, 1772. He Com Manded The Dutch Army In 1793-95 In The War With France, And After The Conquest Of His ...

William I_2
William I., Iim1eorisil Wilhelm Karl (1781-1804). King Of Wurttemberg. Born At Liiben, Silesia. Llis Father Became Frederick I., Of Wiirttemberg, And His Mother Was The Princess Augusta Of Brunswick-wolfenbiittel. In 1800 He Entered Time Austrian Army As A Vol Unteer. And Distinguished Himself At The Battle Of Liolionlinden. 'having Returned ...

William I_3
William I. (the Silent ) . Prince Of Orange, Count Of Nassau (1533-84). Leader Of The Revolt Of The Netherlands Against Spain. He Was The Eldest Son Of William, Count Of Nassau Dillenburg, And Was Born At Dilienburg, April 16, 1533. In 15.4.4 He Inherited From His Cousin, Rene Of ...

William Ii
William Ii. Rufrs (c.1056-1100). King Of England From 1087 To 1100. He Was The Third Son Of William The Conqueror, And• Was Educated Uy Lanfrane (q.v.), Archbishop Of Canterbury. William Was The Favorite Son Of His Father, Who, After Having Recommended Him To The Barons And Prelates As Successor To ...

William Ii 1859 1
William Ii. (1859-1. German Emperor And King Of Prussia. Son Of Emperor Frederick Iii. And Victoria• Princess Royal Of Great Brit Ain. He Was Born January 27, 1859. Following The Tradition Of His House, He Received A Thorough Military Training, Which Began In His Early Youth. He Was Made A ...

William Iii 1650 17021
William Iii. ( 1650-17021. King Of England, Scotland, And Ireland From 16s9 To 1702. He Was The Posthumous And Only Son Of William 11. Of Orange, Stadtholder Of The United Netherlands. His Mother Was Mary, Eldest Daughter Of Charles I. Of England. He Was Born On November 14 (old Style, ...

William Iv 1765 1837
William Iv. (1765-1837). King Of Great Britain And Ireland From 1s30 To Is37. Lie Was The Third Son Of George 111., And Was Born On August 21, 1765. At The Age Of Fourteen. After Receiving An Elementary Education, He Entered The Navy As An 'able Seaman' On Board The Prince ...

William Jay 1838 1901youmans
Youmans, William Jay ( 1838-1901 ). An American Scientist, Born At Milton• N. Y., Brother Of Edward Livingston Youmans (q.v.). He Studied Chemistry Under His Brother And At Co Lumbia And Yale, Then Took A Course In Medicine At New York University, And In 1865 Studied Natural History Under Huxley ...

William Ward
Ward, William Of Eorge ( 1412-52). An English Philosopher And Roman Catholic Theolo Gian, Horn In London. The Son Of William Financier. Be Studied At Winchester College (1823-29), At Christ Church, Oxford (1830-33), And Then At Lincoln L'idlege. Lle Showed Marked Ability In Mathematics And Beeame Famed As A Debater ...

William Wordsworth
Wordsworth, William Au English Poet, Born At Cockermouth, In Cumber Land, April 7, 1770. Lie Came From A Family That Had Long Been Settled In The North Country. William Was The Second Son. His Sister Dorothy F 1771-1855), A Remarkable Woman. Was The Poet's Companion Through Mature Life. William Was ...

William And Mary College
William And Mary College. An Institution Of Learning At Williamsburg, Va., Founded In 1693, The Second Oldest College In The United States. Grants Of Land Had Already Been Obtained In 1619 For The Establishment Of A Col Legiate Institution Near Richmond. And A Collegi Ate School Was Established At Charles ...

William Of Wykeham
William Of Wykeham, Wik'am (1324 1-104 . An English Prelate, Statesman, And Archi Tect, One Of The Most Remarkable Men Of The Middle Ages. He Was Born At Wickham ( Or Wyke Ham), In Hampshire, And Was Educated At Win Chester School. Having Won The Favor Of Bishop Edington And ...

Williamsburg
Williamsburg. The County-seat Of James City County. Va., 48 Miles East By South Of Richmond• On The Chesapeake And Ohio Railroad (map: Virginia, 4). It Is On A Peninsula About Midway Between The James And York Rivers, In A Region Of Great Historic Interest. The Chief Feature Of The City ...

Williamsport
Wil'liamsport. The County-scat Of Ly Mining County, Pa.. 94 Mile: North Hy West Of Harrisburg, On The West Branch Of The Sus Quehanna Eiver, And On The Philadelphia And Reading, The Northern L'entral, The Philadelphia And Erie, And Other Railroads (map: Pennsylvania. D 21. It Is In A Region Of ...

Willow As
Willow (as, Tell I , 0f Uncertain (.1yinol Ogy), Sa/i.r. A Genus Of Plants Of The Natural Order Sal I Ea Ce;e. The Flowers Are Naked, The Stamen,: From (me To Five In Iminher, Till' Loaves Simple And Deciduous. There Are Fully 100 .spe Cies, But Their Precise Number Is ...

Wills At Common Law
Wills At Common Law. At Early Common Law' A Gift By Will Of Personal Property Was Valid Without Writing Or Other Formality. As Knowledge Of The Art Of Writing Became More General, The Courts Came To Look Askance At Verbal Or Nuncupative Wills, Holding That They Were Valid When Executed ...

Wilmington
Wilmington. The Largest City In The State Of Delaware, And The County-seat Of New Castle County, 27 Miles Southwest Of Philadel Phia And 1.19 Miles Northeast Of Baltimore. At The Junction Of The Delaware River And Christiana And Brandywine Creeks, And On The Philadelphia. Baltimore And Washington, The Baltimore And ...

Wilmington_2
Wilmington. The Largest City Of North Carolina, A Port Of Entry, And The County-seat Of New Hanover County. 148 Miles South By East Of Raleigh. On The Cape Fear River And On The Seaboard Air Line, The Atlantie Coast Line, And Other Railroads (slap: North Carolina. E 3). It Is ...

Wilmot Proviso
Wilmot Proviso. The Name Applied To An Amendment Proposed In The United States Congress In 1846 By David Wilmot (q.v.), A Democratie Representative From Pennsylvania. To A Bill Appropriating Money For The Purchase Of Territory From Mexico. 1m August S, 1846, Presi Dent Polk Sent To Congress A Special Message ...

Wilson
Wilson, John, The Christopher Nom!' Of Blackwood's Llagetzine (1785-18541. A Scottish Writer, Horn May 18, 1785, At Paisley, And Edu Cated At Glasgow And Oxford. Inheriting From His Father An Estate Of £50,000, He Purchased The Property Of Elleray Overlooking Lake Winder Mere, Where He Settled As Gentleman And Poet. ...

Wilson_2
. Wilson, Woonnow (1856—). An American Educator And Historian, Born At Staunton, Va. Ile Graduated At Princeton In 1879, Then Studied Law At The University Of Virginia. And For Two Years, In 1882-83. Practiced In Atlanta, Ga. In 1853-85 Lie Studied Jurisprudence, History, And Political Science At The Newly Opened ...

Winchester
Winchester. The Capital Of 11 A Mpsh I Re, England, On The Itchen, 66 Miles By Rail South West Of London (map: England, F 5). In The Fourteenth Century It Was The Principal Seat Of England's Woolen Manufactures And Had An Ex Tensive Continental Trade, But Since The Fifteenth Century ...

Winchester_2
Winchester. The Of Fred Erick County, Va., So Miles West By North Of Washington, D. C., On The Baltimore And (thin And The Cumberland Valley Railroads (slap: Virginia, F 2). It Is The Seat Of The Valley Female College (methodist Episcopal, South), Opened In 1874, And Has Fairfax Hall And ...

Winckelniann
Winckelniann, Vinfkr11-man, Jorrann Joacunt (1717-68). An Eminent German Classi Cal Arehirologist And Art Historian. Born At Sten Dal, Brandenburg, On December 9, 1717, The Son Of A Poor Cobbler, He Succeeded Only Through His In Vincible Determination In Picking Up The Elements Of Education As A Charity Scholar In The ...

Wind As
Wind (as. /rind, Guth. Triads,. 011g. Wint, Ger. Wind, Wind ; Connected With La I- 'yentas, Skt. Auto, Wind, From Rd, To Idim ). _moving Air. The Direction Of Movement, If Horizontal, Is Expressed By Stating The Point Of The Compass From Which The Wind Comes. The Force Was For ...

Windbreak Or Shelter Belt
Windbreak. Or Shelter Belt. Any Plant Ing On The Windward Side Of Buildings, Orchards, Gardens, Etc., With The Object Of Overcoming The Force Of The Wind. Windbreaks Are Of Great Ad Vantage In Prairie Regions In Protecting From The Lessening Evaporation Iron) Soil.: And Plants, Retaining Snow And Leaves As ...

Windham
Windham, Win'dam, Wilma N R (1750-1810). An English Statesman, Born In London. Ile Was Educated At Eton, Glasgow University, And Isni Versity College, Oxford. In The Portland Min Istry, Formed By The Coalition Of Fox And Lord North (1783), Windham Became The Principal Secretary To Lord Northington, Lord Lieutenant Of ...

Windmill
Windmill. A Motor Which Utilizes The Energy Of The Wind For Pumping Water, Driving Mills, Or Doing Other Work. The Wind Acts On A Set Of Sails Or Slats Attached To An Axis So As To Form A Revolving Wheel. A Crank Or Gear Ing Transmits The Power From The ...

Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle. The Chief Residence Of The British Sovereigns, At Windsor (q.v.), On The Thames, 21 Miles By Rail West By South Of Lon Don. The Buildings. Which Crown A Plateau West Of The Town, Cover 12 Acres. Of Ground In The Midst Of The Little Or Home Park. Which ...

Winnebago
Win'neba'go. An Important Tribe Of Siouan Stock (q.v.) Formerly Residing In Central Wisconsin, Chiefly About The Lake Which Bears Their Name, But Now In Part Located On The Omaha Res Ervation In Northeastern Nebraska, While The Majority Continue Scattered Among The Whites In Their Old Country. They Call Themselves Hoehanka, ...

Winnipeg
Winnipeg. The Capital Of The Province Of Manitoba, Canada, Situated At The Confluence Of The Red And Assiiiihoine Rivers, The Two Principal Streams Of The Province. 14124 Miles West Of Montreal, In Latitude 49° 50' N. And Longitude 97° 7' W. (map: Manitoba, K 5). Through The Red River There ...

Wire Gauges
Wire Gauges. Wire Is Made In A Num Ber Of Sizes Or Diameters. To Designate These Sizes Use Is Made Of It Series Of Numerals Each Of Which Indicates As Certain Diameter In Fractions Of An Inch Where English Measure Is Used And In Millimeters Where Metric Measure Is Employed. ...

Wire Rope
Wire Rope. Rope Composed Of Twisted Strands Each Composed Of Metal Wires Twisted Together. Wire Ropes Are Now Used Generally For All Purposes For Which Fibre Ropes Have Been Employed, And For Many Purposes They Have Dis Placed Fibre Ropes Entirely. For Most Kinds Of Wire Ropes Steel Is The ...

Wisby Or Visby
Wis'by Or Visby. The Capital Of The Swed Ish Island And Kin Of Gotland, On The Western Coast Of The Island, About 44 Miles From The Main Land Of Sweden (map: Sweden. Ii 8). The Town Is Imposingly Situated Amid Gardens On And At The Foot Of A Rugged Cliff. ...

Wisconsin
Wisconsin. A North Central State Of The United States, Popularly Called The 'badger State.' It Is Bounded On The North By Lake Superior And Upper Michigan, On The East By Lake Michigan, On The South By Illinois, And On The West By Iowa And Minnesota, The Greater Part Of The ...

Wishart
Wishart, Wish'iirt, George (c.1513-40). A Scottish Reformer And Martyr. Ile Was Prob Ably Born In 1513 At Pittarrow, And Is Thought To Have Studied Greek At Montrose, He Is Known To Have Taught The New Testament In Greek At The Same Place. In 153s He Fled From Scotland To Escape ...

Witchcraft As
Witchcraft (as. Wiecccralt, Wiccralt, From Niece, Mieca, Wizard. Witch Craft, 011g. Ehraft, Ger. Kraft, Strength, Power, Art). The Art And Trade Of A Witch Or Of A Wizard. To A Certain Extent The Witch May Be Considered The Predecessor Of The Modern Scientist. At A Time When No Systematic Knowledge ...

Witenagemot
Witenagemot, Wit'e-mi.-0-mot' (as., As Sembly Of Counselors). The Supreme Council Of The English Nation In Anglo-saxon Times, Eaeh Of The Separate Kingdoms In The So-called Heptarehy (q.v.) Had Its Witenagemot, And When The Kingdoms Were Brought Under A Common Overlord He Lied His Witenagemot. The Members Of The Witenage Mot ...

Witherspoon
With'erspoon, Jonx (1723-94). An American Presbyterian Clergyman And Statesman. He Was Born At Gifford, Scotland, Graduated At The University Of Edinburgh In 1742, And Served As Minister Of Several Parishes In Scotland From 1745 To 1768. Winning A High Reputation As Preacher And Writer. In 1768 He Accepted An Invi ...

Witness As
Witness (as. Tvitnes, Ge-w-itnrs, Testimony, From Iritan, To Know). A Witness Is Any Person Who Is Summoned By A Court Of Law Or An Officer Authorized To Take Evidence In A Legal Proceeding, To Appear Before The Court Or Officer For The Pur Pose Of Giving Testimony Under Oath Or ...