Home >> Bouvier's Law Dictionary >> Money to North Carolina

Bouvier's Law Dictionary

Money
Money. The Franc Weighs Five Grammes. It Is Made Of Nine-tenths Of Silver And One-tenth Of Cop Per. Its Tenth Part Is Called A Decime, And Its Hundredth Part A Centime. As Already Stated The Divisions Of These Measures Are All Uniform, Namely, By Tens, Or Decimal Frac Tions ; ...

Money Paid
Money Paid. The Technical Name Of A Declaration In Assumpsit, In Which The Plain Tiff Declares Far Money Paid For The Use Of The Defendant. When One Advances Money For The Benefit Of Another With His Consent, Or At His Ex Press Request, Although He Be Not Benefited By ...

Money_2
Money. Gold And Silver Coins. The Common Medium Of Exchange In A Civilized Nation. There Is Some Difference Of Opinion As To The Etymology Of The Word Money ; And Writ Ers Do Not Agree As To Its Precise Meaning. Some Writers Define It To Be The Common Medium Of ...

Monition
Monition. In Practice. A Process In The Nature Of A Summons, Which Is Used In The Civil Law, And In Those Courts Which De Rive Their Practice From The Civil Law. In The English Ecclesiastical Courts It Is Used As A Warning To A Defendant Not To Repeat An Offence ...

Monroe Doctrine
Monroe Doctrine. A Policy Adopted By The United States According To Which This Government Will Consider Any Attempt On The Part Of A European Power To Colonize, Or To Extend Its System Of Government To, Any Part Of The Western Hemisphere As An Act Of Unfriendliness To The United States. ...

Month
Month, A Space Of Time Variously Com Puted, As The Term Is Applied To Astronomical, Civil Or Solar, Or Lunar Months. The Astronomical Month Contains One Twelfth Part Of The Time Employed By The Sun In Going Through The Zodiac. In Law, When A Month Simply Is Mentioned, It Is ...

Monuments
Monuments. Permanent Landmarks Es Tablished For The Purpose Of Indicating Bound Aries. Monument's May Be Either Natural Or Arts Ficial Objects : As, Rivers, Known Streams, Springs, Or Marked Trees ; Preston V. Bowmar, 6 Wheat. (u. S.) 582, 5 L. Ed. 336 ; Rix V. Johnson, 5 N. H. ...

Mooring
Mooring. In Maritime Law. The Se Curing Of A Vessel By A Hawser Or Chain, Or Otherwise, To The Shore, Or To The Bottom By A Cable And Anchor. The Being "moored In Safety," Under A Policy Of Insurance, Is Being Moored In Port, Or At The Usual Place For ...

Moral Obligation
Moral Obligation. A Duty Which One Owes, And Which He Ought To Perform, But Which He Is Not Legally Bound To Fulfil. These Obligations Are Of Two Kinds : 1st, Those Founded On A Natural Right : As, The Obligation To Be Charitable, Which Can Never Be Enforced By Law. ...

More Or Less
More Or Less. Words, In A Conveyance Of Lands Or Contract To Convey Lands, Import Ing That The Quantity Is Uncertain And Not Warranted, And That No Right Of Either Party Under The Contract Shall Be Affected By A Deficiency Or Excess In The Quantity. 17 Ves. 394. So In ...

Morgue
Morgue. A Place Where The Bodies Of Persons Found Dead Are Exposed For Identifi Cation, Or Until They Are Claimed And Re Moved By Their Relatives Or Friends. A Dead House. A Place Where The Bodies Of Unidentified Dead Are Kept And Exposed To View For The Purpose Of Identification ...

Mortgage
Mortgage. A Conveyance Of Real Estate Or Assignment Of Personal Property, Without Parting With The Possession In Either Case, By Way Of Hypothecation As Security For The Performance Of Some Act, Usually The Pay Ment Of Money, And Treated At Law As A Con Veyance Or Assignment, But In Equity ...

Mortmain
Mortmain. A Term Applied To Denote The Possession Of Lands Or Tenements By Any Cor Poration, Sole Or Aggregate, Ecclesiastical Or Temporal. These Purchases Having Been Chiefly Made By Religious Houses, In Conse Quence Of Which Lands Became Perpetually Inherent In One Dead Hand, This Has Occasion Ed The General ...

Most Favored Nation Clause
Most Favored Nation Clause. A Clause Found In Most Treaties Providing That The Citizens Or Subjects Of The Contracting States May Enjoy The Privileges Accorded By Either Party To Those Of The -most Favored Na Tions. It Is Said That The General Design Of Such Clauses Is To Establish The ...

Motor Boat
Motor Boat. By Act Of Congress Of June 9, 1910, Defined To Include "every Vessel Propelled By Machinery And Not More Than 65 Feet In Length, Except Tug Boats And Tow Boats Propelled By Steam." The Measure Ment Is "from End To End Over The Deck, Ex Cluding The Sheer." ...

Movables
Movables. Such Subjects Of Property As Attend A Man's Person Wherever He Goes, In Contradistinction To Things Immovable. Things Movable By Their Nature Are Such As May Be Carried From One Place To Another, Whether They Move Themselves, As Cattle, Or Cannot Be Removed Without An Extraneous Power, As Inanimate ...

Moving Pictures
Moving Pictures. A Moving Picture And Vaudeville Show, Including Comedy Sing Ers And Dancers, Etc., Is Not A Theatrical En Tertainment; Com. V. Donnelly, 21 Pa. Dist. R. 21; Moving Picture Shows Are Not Theatri Cal Performances; 15 Can. Cr. Cas. 241; Nor Public Shows ; Edwards V. Mcclellan, 118 ...

Multifariousness
Multifariousness. In Equity Plead Ing. The Demand In One Bill Of Several Mat Ters Of A Distinct And Independent Nature Against Several Defendants. Cooper, Eq. Pl. 182; 18 Ves. 80; Fellows V. Fellows, 4 Cow. (n. Y.) 682, 15 Am. Dec. 412; White V. Cur Tis, 2 Gray (mass.) 467. ...

Municipal Bonds
Municipal Bonds. Evidences Of In Debtedness Issued By A Municipality. In The Ordinary Commercial Sense, They Are Negotiable Bonds. Austin V. Nalle, 85 Tex. 520, 22 S. W. 668, 960. This Class Of Securities Is Issued For Sale In The Market, With The Object Of Raising Money, Under The Express ...

Municipal Corporation
Municipal Corporation. A Public Corporation, Created By Government For Polit Ical Purposes, And Having Subordinate And Local Powers Of Legislation : E. G. A County, Town, City, Etc. 2 Kent 275 ; Ang. & A. Corp. 19, 29 ; Bonaparte V. R. Co., Baldw. 222, Fed. Cas. No. 1,617. An ...

Murder
Murder. The Wilful Killing Of Any Sub Ject Whatever, With Malice Aforethought, Whether The Person Slain Shall Be An Eng Lishman Or A Foreigner. Hawk. Pl. C. B. 1, C. 13, S. 3. The Killing Of Any Person Under The King's Peace, With Malice Prepense Or Aforethought, Either Express, Or ...

Musical Composition
Musical Composition. The Copy Right Act Of March 4, 1909, Provides For Pro Tection To Dramatic Or Dramatico-musical Compositions. It Grants The Exclusive Right In The Case Of A Musical Composition To Per Form The Copyrighted Work Publicly For Prof It, And, For The Purpose Of Printing, Publish Ing And ...

Mutiny
Mutiny. In Criminal Law. The Unlaw Ful Resistance Of A Superior Officer, Or The Raising Of Commotions And Disturbances On Board Of A Ship Against The Authority Of Its Commander, Or In The Army In Opposition To The Authority Of The Officers; A Sedition ; A Revolt. See Whart. Cr. ...

N Ex U
N Ex U M (lat.). In Roman Law. The Transfer Of The Ownership Of A Thing, Or The Transfer Of A Thing' To A' Creditor As A Secu Rity. In One Sense Nexum Mar/datum; In An Other Sense, Mancipium And Nexum Are Opposed, In The Same Way As Hale ...

N O T Guilty
N O T Guilty. The General Issue Plea In Several Sorts Of Actions And In Criminal Cases. In Trespass, Its Form Is As Follows "and The Said C D, By E F, His Attorney, Comes And Defends The Force And Injury, When, Etc.., And Says That He Is Not Guilty ...

Name
Name. One Or More Words Used To Dis Tinguish A Particular Individual: As Soc Rates, Benjamin Franklin. Names Are Christian, As Benjamin, Or Sur Names, As Franklin. One Christian Name Only Is Recognized In Law ; 1 Ld. Raym. 562; Bacon, Abr. Misnomer (a); Boyd V. State, 7 Cold. (tenn.) ...

Nant Rioht To Convey
Nant Rioht To Convey. Covenants Of Seisin. See Covenant Of Seisin. Covenants To Stand Seized, Etc. See Cove Nant To Stand Seized To Uses. Transitive Covenants Those Personal Covenants The Duty Of Performing Which Passes Over To The Representatives Of The Covenantor. Covenants Of Warranty. See Covenant Of Warranty. ...

National Banks
National Banks. Banks Created And Governed Under The Provisions Of The "na Tional Bank Act." They Are Private Corporations Organized Under A General Law Of Congress, By Inidivid Ual Atockholders, With Their Own Capital, For Private Gain, And Managed By Officers, Atents, Ind Employes Of Their Own Selection. They Itute ...

National Control And Disposition
National Control And Disposition. The Constitution Of The United States (article 4, Sec. 3, Par. 2) Provides That : "the Congress Shall Have The Power To Dispose Of And To Make All Needful Rules And Regulations Re Specting The Territory Or Other Property Be Longing To The United States," The ...

Naturalization
Naturalization. The Act By Which An Alien Is Made A Citizen Of The United States Of America. The Act Of Adopting A Foreigner And Cloth Ing Him With All The Privileges Of A Native Born Citizen. Osborn V. Bank, 9 Wheat. (u. S.) 827, 6 L. Ed. 204 ; 9 ...

Nature Of The Obligation
Nature Of The Obligation. The Question Whether A Judgment Is A Contract Is An Old One Very Much Discussed, And In Some Cases It Was Held To Be Such, Chiefly Upon The Au Thority Of Blackstone, Who Rested His Opinion As To The Propriety Of This Classification Upon The Doctrine ...

Navigable Waters
Navigable Waters. Those Waters Which Afford A Channel For Useful Commerce. The Montello, 20 Wall. (u. S.) 430, 22 L. Ed. 391. The Test By Which The Character Of A Stream As Public Or Private Is Determined, Is Its Navigability In Fact ; Fulmer V. Williams, 122 Pa. 191, 15 ...

Necessity
Necessity. That Which Makes The Con Trary Of A Thing Impossible. Necessity Is Of Three Sorts: Of Conserva Tion Of Life; See Duress ; Of Obedience, As The Obligation Of Civil Subjection, And, In Some Cases, The Coercion Of A Wife By Her Husband; And Necessity Of The Act Of ...

Negative
Negative. Negative Propositions Are Usually Much More Difficult Of Proof Than Affirmative, And In Cases Where They Are In Volved, It Is Often A Nice Question Upon Which Side Lies The Burden Of Proof. The General Rule Has Been Thus Stated : Whoever Asserts A Right Dependent For Its Existence ...

Negligence
Negligence. The Omission To Do Some Thing Which A Reasonable Man, Guided By Those Considerations Which Ordinarily Regu Late The Conduct Of Human Affairs, Would Do, Or The Doing Something Which A Prudent And Reasonable Man Would Not Do. 11 Ex. 784. See Webb, Poll. Torts 537. The Standard Is ...

Negotiable Instruments
Negotiable Instruments. Besides Notes, Bills, And Checks, The Following Have Been Held To Be Negotiable Instruments : Ex Chequer Bills ; 4 B. & Ald. 1; 12 Cl. & F. 787, 805; State And Municipal Bonds; 3 B. & C. 45; Cromwell V. Sac County, 96 U. S. 51, 24 ...

Negotiable Paper
Negotiable Paper. In Suits Or Negotiable Paper The Measure Of Damages Is Its Face Val Ue With Interest From The Breach ; Murray V. Judah, 6 Cow. (n. Y.) 484; Murphy V. Lucas, 58 Ind. 360. The Value Of A Note Is Prima Facie The Amount Thereof ; Metropolitan El. ...

Negotiation
Negotiation. The Deliberation Which Takes Place Between The Parties Touching A Proposed Agreement. That Which Transpires In The Negotiation Makes No Part Of The Agreement, Unless In Troduced Into It. It Is A General Rule That No Evidence Can Be Given To Add To, Dimin Ish, Contradict, Or Alter A ...

Negr O
Negr O. A Black Man Descended From The Black Race Of Southern Africa; It Has Been Held Not To Include A Mulatto ; Felix V. State, 18 Ala. 726. A Negro Is Defined By Statute In Alabama, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee And Texas As A Person Of Color ...

Neutrality
Neutrality. The State Of A Nation Which Takes No Part Between Two Or More Other Nations At War With Each Other. "the Relation Of Neutrality Will Be Found To Consist In Two Principal Circumstances : Entire Abstinence From Any Participation In The War, And Impartiality Of Conduct Towards Both Belligerents." ...

New Assignment
New Assignment. A Restatement Of The Cause Of Action By The Plaintiff, With More Particularity And Certainty, But Con Sistently With The General Statement In The Declaration. Steph. Pl. 241; Troup V. Smith's Ex'rs, 20 Johns. (n. Y.) 43. Its Purpose Is To Avoid The Effect Of 'an Evasive Plea ...

New Je Rs E
New Je Rs E Y. The Name Of One Of The Original Thirteen States Of The United States Of America. The Territory Of Which The State Is Composed Was Included Within The Patent Granted By Charles Ii. To His Brother James, Duke Of York, Bearing Date On The 12th Of ...

New Trial
New Trial. A Re-examination Of An Is Sue In Fact Before A Court And A Jury, Which Has Been Tried At Least Once Before The Same Court ; Hill. N. Tr. 1. A Rehearing Of The Le Gal Rights Of The Parties, Upon Disputed Facts, Before Another Jury, Granted By ...

Next Friend
Next Friend. One Who, Without Being Regularly Appointed Guardian, Acts For The Benefit Of An Infant, Married Woman, Or Oth Er Person Not Sui Juris. Where A Person Of Unsound Mind, Not Found So By Inquisition, Conveys His Land By Deed To Another, The Proper .mode Of Proceeding In Equity ...

Next Of Icin
Next Of Icin. This Term Is Used To Signify The Relations Of A Party, Who Has Died Intestate. In General, No Oue Comes Within This Term Who Is Not Included In The Provisions Of The Statutes Of Distribution; 3 Atk. 422, 761; 1 Ves. Sen. 84 ; Slosson V. Lynch, ...

Nisi Prius
Nisi Prius (lat. Unless Before). For The Purpose Of Holding Trials By Jury. Im Portant Words In The Writ (venire) Directing The Sheriff To Summon Jurors For The Trial Of Causes Depending In The Superior Courts Of Law In England, Which, Have Come To Be Adopted, Both In England And ...

Nolle Prosequi
Nolle Prosequi. An Entry Made On The Record, By Which The Prosecutor Or Plain Tiff Declares That He Will Proceed No Further. See Tr. & H. Pr. 566. A None Prosequi May Be Entered Either In A Criminal Or A Civil Case. In Criminal Cases, Before A Jury Is Impanelled ...

Nolo Contendere
Nolo Contendere (lat. I Do Not Wish To Contest). A Plea Sometimes Accepted In Criminal Cases Not Capital Whereby The De Fendant Does Not Directly Admit Himself To Be Guilty, But Tacitly Admits It By Throwing Himself Upon The Mercy Of The Court And De Siring To Submit To A ...

Nominal Damages
Nominal Damages. A Trifling Sum Awarded Where A Breach Of Duty Or An In Fraction Of The Plaintiff's Right Is Shown, But No Serious Loss Is Proved To Have Been Sus Tained. Those Awarded Where, From The Nature Of The Case, Some Injury Has Been Done, The Amount Of Which ...

Non Joinder
Non-joinder. In Pleading. The Omis Sion Of One Or More Persons Who Should Have Been Made Parties To A Suit At Law Or In Equity, As Plaintiffs Or Defendants. In Equity. It Must Be Taken Advantage Of Before The Final Hearing; Kean V. Johnson, 9 N. J. Eq. 401; California ...

Non Obstante Veredicto
Non Obstante Veredicto. Not Withstanding The Verdict. See Judgment. Judgment Non Obstante Veredicto, Strictly And Technically, Is A Judgment Given For The Plaintiff, On His Motion, Where The Defendant Had A Verdict, But It Appears From The Record That, Either From Some Matter Growing Out Of The Pleading Or Because ...

North Carolina
North Carolina. The Name Of One Of The Original States Of The United States Of America. The Territory Which Now Forms This State Was In Cluded In The Grant Made In 1663 By Charles Ii., To Lord Clarendon And Others, Of A Much More Exten Sive Country. The Boundaries Were ...