P. ponderosa. Var. ./Cfreyi. Jeffrey's Pine. Califor nia. This variety also grows on_the Sierra Nevada moun Was, and on the Coast Range of California. It often attaius a height of 170 to 250 feet and a diameter of six to ten feet. It differs much in the qual ty of the wood, but is used for all the purposes of other kinds. It ie remark able for the comparatively large size of its coues. It is called Yellow Pint, Pitch Pin-, and Truckee Pine.
P. Australis. Long-leaved Pine. -South aniline and southward. A lofty tree, growing in the pi. e-harrens of the S uthern States, attaining a height of seventy-five to one hundred feet. Next to the White Pine, this is p.rhatis the most valuable of the genus. The Ural). r plays an important part in ship-building, is extensively used as a flooring,. and in house-buirding. The chief value of this species is for the turpentine, tar, pitch, and resin which it supplies, and of which immense quantities are exported in additi..n to the home supply.
P. Co otteri. Coulter's Pine. California. A large tree of California, from eighty to one hundred feet in height, with large, spreading branches, and a trunk three or four feet in diameter. The cones a•e heavier than those of any other of the family, heiug frequently one foot long and six inches diameter, and weighing from four to six pounds. The large, nut-like seeds contained in the cones are nutritious, and used as an article of food by the Indians.
F. Sabiniana. Herd-nut Pine ; Sabine's Pine. Cali fornia. Grows on the foot-hills of thu Coast Range and on the western foot-hills of the Sierra Nevada mountains of California. It is not very abundant, and is limited by the altitude 4,000 feet. It grows from forty to one hun dred feet high. The cones are large and heavy, and full of oily, nutritious nuts, which are used by the Indians. The timber is fit only for fuel. It is called Digger Pine, Foothill Pine, Gray leaved Pine, etc.
P. Tor eyana. 'Torrey s Pine. California. A species of Southern California, resembling the preceding, but smaller. The nuts are thick-shelled, but nutritious, and used as food by the Indians.
P. insignia. Monterey Pine. California. Grows along the coast south of San Francisco. Some old trees near Monterey are seventy or eighty feet high. It is quite an ornamental species, and is in frequent cultivation in California.
P. radiate. California.
P. tubercula'a. Prickly-coned Pine. California. A small tree seldom attaining a greater height thau thirty to forty feet, with a trunk of eight or ten inches diameter. It grows on the Coast Hills south of San Francisco, and in other places in the State.
P. riguia. Pitch Pine. Eastern United States. A medium-sized tree from thirty to seventy feet high, with dark, rugged-looking bark, and bard, resinous wood. The wood is knotty, and of little value for lumber, hot gives an intense heat in burning on account of the quantity of resin which it cents na.
P. serotino. Pond Pine. Southern States. This is closely related to the preceding, and is by some considered only a variety of it. It grays on the borders of ponds and swamps from Florida to North Carolina.
P. Loblolly; Old-field Pine. Southern States. A species confined to the Atlantic States, growing mostly in damp, or in light, barren soil, fi equently taking posses sion of old and neglected fields. It as variable in neight. sometimes rising to seventy or one hundred feet high. The timber is said to be valuable, though less so than that of P. australii.
P. ariatata. Prickly-coned Pine. Rocky Mountains. This species was first found in Col. a ado, near Pike's Peak, but it is now considered to be synouyinous with the next.
P. Bolfouriona. Balfour's Pine. Rocky Mountains. The specimen is from southern Utah, and grows on high, barren, sandstone mountains; it grows about fifty to sixty feet high. The tree is distinguished by its long branches, which are heavy, causing the ends to hang doi.n. The tree is compact in appearance and of very dark-green color. It is thought by some that the tree of Oregon, which has been described under this name, is a different species.
P. flexilis. Bull Pine. Rocky Mountains. This is the prevailing pine of the East Humboldt mountains, Nevada, and frequent in the Wasatch. it also grows in Colorado and ou the San Francisco mountains of Arizona. In the Wasatch mountains it is found et high altitudes on lime stoue ledges, and has a branched and lcnotty habit, render ing it unlit fur lumber. It is called by the inhabitants Bull Pine It is a middle-sized tree, usually thirty to fifty feet high, hut rec ,rded by Fendler as sixty to eighty feet high near Santa Fe.