C. Nut kaensis. Nootka Cypress. Oregon and the North west coast. This grows at Vancouver's Island and near Nootka Sound. It is n tall tree of eighty to 100 feet high. The timber is white, soft, and valuable.
C. Lawsoniana. Lawson's Cypress. Mountains of Northern California.
C. MacNabiana. McNab's Cypress. Mountains of Cal ifornia and Oregon.
Taxodium distfchum. .Bald Cypress. Southern States. This tree is found in all the Southern States, extending into Delaware and into Southern Illinois. In rich, allu- vial bottoms, it frequently grows to the height of 120 feet. The roots often form large conical excrescences, called cypress knees, which rise above the surface of the soil to • the height of two to four feet. The wood is fine-grained, soft, elastic, strong, and exceedingly durable. Large quantities are made into shingles, and marketed at the North. Its foliage is delicate and beautiful, but it is dropped during the winter.
Sequoia sempervirens. Redwood. California. This is the mammoth tree of the coast of California, second only to the next .species. It rises to the height of 2u0 to 300 feet, and sometimes with a circumference of sixty feet. Tim wood is dark red, rather light and brittle, but exceed ingly durable, and makes valuable timber.
S. giga "tea. Giant Redwood. California. This is the mammoth or big tree of California, growing in several groves on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada moun tains, at an altitude of 5,000 to 9,000 feet. The largest trees are over 300 feet high, and over thirty feet in eter.
Libacedrus decurrens. Bastard Cedar. California.' This is sometimes called Red Cedar, or Post Cedar It grows in the Sierras of California, at elevations of from 3,000 to 7.000 feet. It is a handsome tree, uf low, conical form, tapering fast; four to six feet diameter at base; but only about 100 feet high. The wood is light and strong, , and makes excellent cabinet work, boxes, etc.
juniperus Virginiana. Red Cedar. Eastern United States. This is the Red Cedar of the eastern portion of the United States. It grows to the height of thirty or forty feet, generally with a compact, conical form. The timber is exceedingly valuable, being light, fine-grained, compact, and durable. The heart wood is of a handsome dark-, ed color. It is used for a great variety of ornamen tal work, and for fence pots is almost imperishable.
• Virginiana, var. Bermudiana. Pencil Cedar ; Florida Cedar. Coast of Florida. This variety, or species, as it is regarded by some, grows on the western coast of Florida.
The wood is softer and freer from knots th n the common form, and the pencil manufacturers obtain their cedar wood Irom this source.
J. Virginian, var. Montana. Rocky Moontain Red Cedar. Rocky Mountains. A form or variety of Red Cedar found in Colorado and Utah. In the Wasatch mountains, eastern Utah, this tree grows along the canons containing water throughout the year, and not in dry places. Its form is there quite different from the Red Cedar in the East, being taller and with a looser and le& symmetrical top. The people there say that the wood is not durable, and do not use it for tence posts, etc., as is done with the eastern variety.
J. accidentalis. Western Cedar. Rocky mountains. California, and Oregon. This is undoubtedly the cedar named by Dr. Hooker J. occidentalis. It grows on the east aide of the Cascade mountains in Oregon and also in California. It is of sloW growth, seldom attaining more than a foot in diameter and thirty feet in height. The wood is nearly all white, end harder than the Red Cedar.
J. accidentalis, var. Texan. Rock Cedar. Texas and westward. This forms extensive woods on rocky soil in western Texas. The trunk is sometimes over one foot in diameter, yearly rings eccentric. It branches low. and forms almost impenetrable thickets. It is common fuel and fencing timber in western Texas. (Lind'neimer.) J. California?. Sweet fruited Juniper. Southern California. A cedar growing from San Felipe Canon, in the Cuyamaca mountains, southern Cal:forma, into Ari zona and Mexico. It is a dwarf tree, and is very prolific of berries, which are as large as large peas, of a somewhat resinous 'but sweet taste. The Indians consume large quantities of them for food. The seeds are large, smootu, and free, one or two in each berry.
T. Ca.ifornira, var. Utahense. Western Red Cedar. Utah and California. This is t he prevailing cedar of the Wasatch mountains, and ranging into .1\ evada and south ern California. In eastern and central Utah, this tree covers the slopes and foot hills at from 5.000 to 7,000 feet altitude. It is low and spreading at the base, with a dense pyramidal top, light-green foliage, and large, rather woody, berries, not so nutritious as those of the preceding kind. The wood is extremely durable, and used for fence posts. In southern Utah, the berries are eaten by the Indians. The bark was formerly used by them in manu facturing many articles Of clothing.