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Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 3 Baltimore - Braila

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Boycott
Boycott, The Refusal And Incitement To Refusal To Have Commercial Or Social Dealings With Any One On Whom It Is Wished To Bring Pressure. As Merely A Form Of "sending To Coventry" Or (in Gladstone's Phrase) "exclusive Dealing," Boycotting May Be Legally Unassailable, And As Such Has Been Justified By ...

Boyle
Boyle, Town, Co. Roscommon, Ireland, On Great Southern Railway, 1o64m. North-west By West From Dublin And 28m. South By East From Sligo. Pop. (1926) 2,322. It Is Situated On Both Banks Of The Boyle, An Affluent Of The Shannon, Between Loughs Gara And Key. Three Bridges Connect The Two Parts ...

Boyles Law
Boyle's Law, A Relation, Discovered By Robert Boyle, Between The Pressure, P, And The Volume, V, Of A Gas, Viz., Pv Constant, At Constant Temperature. (see Thermodynamics.) ...

Boyne
Boyne, A River In Ireland, Rising In The Bog Of Allen, Near Carbery In Co. Kildare And Flowing In A North-easterly Direction Past Trim And Navan To Enter The Irish Sea, 4m. Below Drogheda. On July I, 1690, There Took Place On Its Banks A Battle Between The Armies Of ...

Bozdar
Bozdar, A Baluch Tribe In The Mountains From The Sanghar Pass To The Khetran Country. They Are Also To Be Found In Zhob, Thal-chotiali, Las Bela And In The Punjab. They Are Usually Graziers, And The Name Bozdar Is Probably Derived From Buz, The Persian Name For Goat. See H. ...

Bozeman
Bozeman, A City Of Southern Montana, U.s.a., 6om. E. By S. Of Butte And 45m. N. Of Yellowstone Park, On Federal High Way I O, The Main Line Of The Northern Pacific, And A Branch Of The Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul And Pacific Railway The Seat Of Gallatin County. The ...

Bozrah
Bozrah. Capital Of Edom. It Has Been Identified With El-busaireh, An Undistinguished Village In A Pastoral Area, South East Of The Dead Sea. (2) A City Denounced By Jeremiah, Prob Ably Busra (lat. Bostra), A Ruined Town In The Hauran About 8om. S. Of Damascus, Once The Most Famous Roman ...

Brabant
Brabant, A Duchy Which Existed From 1190 To 143o, When It Was United With The Duchy Of Burgundy. Its History Is Con Nected With That Of The Duchy Of Lower Lorraine (q.v.), Which Be Came In The Course Of The 11th Century Split Up Into A Number Of Small Feudal ...

Brabant_2
Brabant, Central And Metropolitan Province Of Belgium, Part Of The Ancient Duchy. From 1815 To 183o, That Is To Say, During The Existence Of The Kingdom Of The Netherlands, Belgian And Dutch Brabant Were Distinguished By Using The Terms South And North. The Surface Undulates And Its Highest Points (400f ...

Bracciano
Bracciano, Province Of Rome, Italy, 25m. N.w. Of Rome By Rail, On South-west Shore Of Lake Bracciano, 915ft. Above Sea Level. Pop. , (town) , 5,996 (commune) . Its Fine Castle (built By The Orsini About 147o And Since 1696 The Prop Erty Of The Odescalchi) Has Preserved Its Character. ...

Brace
Brace, A Measure Of Length, Being The Distance Between The Extended Arms (from The Plural Of The Lat. Bracchium, The Arm) . Something Which Secures, Connects Or Strengthens, As In A Car Penter's Tool To Hold A Bit For Boring; A Beam Of Wood Or Metal Used To Strengthen A ...

Bracelet Or Armlet
Bracelet Or Armlet, A Personal Ornament For The Arm Or Wrist, Made Of Different Materials, According To The Fashion Of The Age And The Rank Of The Wearer. The Egyptian Kings Are Repre Sented With Armlets, Which Were Also Worn By The Egyptian Women. These, However, Are Not Jewelled, But ...

Brachiopoda
Brachiopoda, An Isolated Class Of Marine Invertebrate Animals, Superficially Resembling Bivalve Molluscs. They Are En Closed In A Shell Composed Of Two Valves Which Are Dorso-ventrally Arranged, And Are Equilateral And Unequal In Size. Two Coiled Appendages Or Brachia Are Developed, One On Each Side Of The Mouth And Serve ...

Brachycephalic
Brachycephalic, A Term Denoting Those Skulls Of Which The Width From Side To Side Is 8o% Or More Of The Length From Front To Back, Taking The Length As Roo (gr. For Short Headed). See Races Of Man And Physical Anthropology ...

Brachylogus
Brachylogus, Title Applied In The Middle Of The 16th Century To A Work Containing A Systematic Exposition Of The Ro Man Law, Which Some Writers Have Assigned To The Reign Of The Emperor Justinian, And Others Have Treated As An Apocryphal Work Of The 16th Century. The Earliest Extant Edition ...

Bracken Or Brake
Bracken Or Brake A Genus Of Ferns (pteris Or Pterid Ium). The Common Bracken (pteris Aquilina Or Pteridium Aquilin Um) Is Abundant In Most Parts Of The World. It Has A Perennial, Black Rhizome, Which Creeps Extensively Underground And At In Tervals Sends Up Fronds. These Fronds May Reach A ...

Bracket Fungi
Bracket-fungi. The Term "bracket" Has Been Given To Those Hard, Woody Fungi That Grow On Trees Or Timber In The Form Of Semi-circular Brackets. They Belong To The Order Polyporeae Of The Basidiomycetes, Distinguished By The Layer Of Tubes Or Pores On The Under Surface Within Which The Spores Are ...

Bracket
Bracket, In Architecture And Carpentry, A Frame Or Struc Ture Often Approximately Triangular, The Purpose Of Which Is To Sup Port A Projecting Feature Or The Connection Of A Horizontal And A Vertical Member. The Bracket Is Frequently Richly Decorated And When This Decoration Consists Principally Of An S-scroll, The ...

Brackley
Brackley, Municipal Borough, Northamptonshire, Eng Land, On The River Ouse 7m. W.n.w. Of Buckingham. Pop. (1931) 2,181. The Early Settlement (brachelai, Brackele) Is Mentioned In The Domesday Survey. Records Shew The Mediaeval Importance Of Fairs And Markets, Especially Of The Staple For Wool. Brackley Was Incorporated By Charter In 1686, ...

Brackwede
Brackwede, A German Textile Town (pop. 13,078), Lying South-south-west Of Bielefeld (q.v.), In The Prussian Province Of Westphalia. ...

Braddock
Braddock, A Borough Of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, U.s.a., On The Monongahela River, Iom. S.e. Of Pittsburgh; Served By The Baltimore And Ohio, The Pennsylvania, And The Pittsburgh And Lake Erie Railways. The Population In 1920 Was 20,870, 6,415 Foreign-born White; 193o, 19,329. With The Adjoining Boroughs Of North Braddock And ...

Bradentown
Bradentown, City Of Florida, U.s.a., 35m. S. By W. Of Tampa; The County Seat Of Manatee County. It Is At The Head Of Navigation On The Manatee River, A Few Miles From Tampa Bay And The Gulf Of Mexico, And Is Served By Coasting Steamers And By The Atlantic Coast ...

Bradford
Bradford, City, Municipal, County, And Parliamentary Borough, West Riding Of Yorkshire, England, Gm. W. Of Leeds. Pop. 298,045. It Lies In A Small Valley Opening Southwards From That Of The Aire And Extends Up The Hills On Either Side. Most Of The Principal Streets Radiate From A Centre Near The ...

Bradford_2
Bradford, A City Of Mckean County, Pennsylvania, United States, Near The Northern Border Of The State, Among Wooded Hills, At An Elevation Of 1,415ft. 85m. S.e. Of Buffalo. It Is Served By The Pennsylvania, The Erie, And The Buffalo, Roch Ester And Pittsburgh Railways. The Population Was 15,525 In 1920, ...

Braemar
Braemar, A District In South-west Aberdeenshire, Scotland, Extending 24m. From Ballater (east) To Glen Dee (west), With A Breadth Of 3 To 6m. Glen Dee Lies Among Hills From I,000 To Nearly 3,000ft. High. The Villages And Clachans (gaelic For Hamlet) From 600 To More Than I ,000f T. Above ...

Brag
Brag, A Very Old Game Of Cards, Probably Evolved From The Ancient Spanish Primero, Played By Five Or Six, Or More Players. It Is The Ancestor Of Poker. A Full Pack Is Used, The Cards Ranking As At Whist, With Certain Exceptions. ...

Braga
Braga, A City Of Northern Portugal, At The Head Of A Rail Way From Oporto. Pop. (193o) 26,962. Braga, Which Ranks After Lisbon And Oporto, Is An Archiepiscopal See. Its 12th Century Cathedral Was Rebuilt During The 16th Century In The Blend Of Moorish And Florid Gothic Styles Known As ...

Braganza
Braganza, The Name Of An Administrative District And Of Its Capital Included In The Province Of Traz-os-montes, Portu Gal ; Situated In The North-eastern Extremity Of The Kingdom, On A Branch Of The River Sabor, 8 M. S. Of The Spanish Frontier. Its Portuguese Name Is Braganca. Pop. 6,o89. Braganza ...

Bragi
Bragi, In Scandinavian Mythology, The Son Of Odin, And God Of Wisdom, Poetry And Eloquence. At The Scandinavian Sacrificial Feasts A Horn Consecrated To Bragi Was Used As A Drink Ing-cup By The Guests, Who Then Vowed To Do Some Great Deed Which Would Be Worthy Of Being Immortalized In ...

Brahma Samaj
Brahma Samaj, "the Union Of God" (the Term Samdj Connoting, Like "church" An Organism, Not A Mere Association), A Religious Reform Society Inaugurated By Ram Mohan Rai In Cal Cutta, About 1800. Study Of The Hindu Scriptures, Of Islam, Bud Dhism In Tibet And The Bible Having Shown Him The ...

Brahma
Brahma, A Large Breed Of The Domestic Fowl, Of Asiatic Origin, And Like The Cochin And Langshan Of Similar Derivation, Has Feathered Shanks. The First Importations Into America Were Apparently Made In Sept. 1846, And During The Latter Half Of The 19th Century The Brahma Was Bred Quite Extensively In ...

Brahmagupta
Brahmagupta (588—c.660), Indian Mathematician And Astronomer, Set Forth The Astronomical System Of Brahma In Verse Form, The In Which Two Chapters Are Devoted To Mathematics, Including An Arithmetical Progression, A Quadratic Equation, And Proofs Of Various Geometrical Theorems On The Right-angled Triangle, On Areas Of Triangles And Quadri Laterals, And ...

Brahman
Brahman (sanskrit Brahma, Neuter, The Universal Or Su Preme Soul, The Absolute; And Brahma, Masc., The Supreme God), A Priest In The Rig-veda, Especially One Who Praises The Gods : In The Atharva-veda (as A Neuter) The Priestly, As Opposed To The Kshatra Or Warrior Class. The Patronymic Brahmana (q.v.) ...

Brahmana
Brahmana, The Prose Commentaries On The "collections" (samhitas) Of Vedic Texts, Whose Meaning And Ritual They Were Written To Elucidate, And, Like Them, Regarded As Revealed (san Skrit, V. Brahman). Linguistically, With Their Appendages (the Still More Mystic Aranyakas And The Philosophic Upanishads), They Link The Vedic With The Classical ...

Brahmanism
Brahmanism, A Term Commonly Used To Denote A System Of Religious Institutions Originated And Elaborated By The Brah Mans, The Sacerdotal And, From An Early Period, The Dominant Caste Of The Hindu Community (see Brahman). The Religious Belief Of The Aryan Hindus Has Passed Through Various Stages Of Development Broadly ...

Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra, A Great River Of India, With A Total Length Of 1,800 Miles. Its Source Is In A Great Glacier-mass Of The North Ernmost Chain Of The Himalayas, Called Kubigangri, In The South West Of Tibet, About 82° E. Tributaries Join The Infant River From The Pass Of Mayum La ...

Brahui Language
Brahui Language. The Grammatical System Discloses The Secret Of Its Parentage. The Use Of Suffixes, Most Of Which Are Traceable To The Same Source As Dravidian, The Essential Forms Of The Personal Pronouns And Striking Analogies In The Pronominal Terminations Of The Plural In The Verb, In The Formation Of ...

Brahui
Brahui, A Tribal Confederacy In Baluchistan, Inhabiting The Brahui Hills From The Bolan Pass To Cape Monze On The Arabian Sea. The Tribal Speech Is A Northerly Outlier Of The Dravidian Lan Guages Of Peninsular India, But The Tribes Are All Muslim By Creed, Organized On Baluch Lines And Owing ...

Braid
Braid, A Plait, Especially A Plait Of Hair, Also A Plaited Tape Woven Of Wool, Silk, Gold Thread, Etc., Used For Trimming Or Bind Ing [o.eng. Bregdan, To Move Quickly To And Fro, Hence To Weave], And The Narrow Bands, Bordered With Open Work, Used In Making Point Lace. ...

Braila
Braila (formerly Ibraila), A Danubian Port Of Rumania, Capital Of The Department Of Braila, Situated In Flat Country On The Left Bank Of The Danube, 1 06m. From Its Mouth At Sulina, And 142m. From Bucharest. Population (1930) 68,310. Braila Is Mostly A Modern Town, Built Compactly On Its Site ...

Braxton Bragg
Bragg, Braxton (1817-1876), American Soldier, Was Born In Warren County, N.c., On March 22, 1817. He Graduated At The United States Military Academy In 1837, And As An Artillery Officer Served In The Seminole Wars Of 1837 And 1841, And Under Gen. Taylor In The Mexican War. He Resigned From ...

Breadfruit Ley
Ley, Breadfruit, Dandelion, Daisy, Rubber, Tomato, Wheat, Etc. The Important Group Of The Bacteria Is Dealt With In The Article Bacteriology And Such Phenomena As Plant Chimaeras And Witches Broom Are Also The Subject Of Separate Headings. ...

Bruno Bauer
Bauer, Bruno (1809-1882), German Theologian And His Torian, Was Born On Sept. 6, 1809, At Eisenberg In Saxe-altenburg. He Studied At Berlin, Where He Attached Himself To The "right" Of The Hegelian School Under P. Marheineke. In 1834 He Began To Teach In Berlin As A Licentiate Of Theology, And ...

Burrowe Borough Burrough
Borough [burrough, Burrowe, Borrows], Steven (1525-1584), English Navigator, Was Born At Northam In Devon Shire On Sept. 25, 1525. In 1553 He Took Part In The Expedition Which Was Despatched From The Thames Under Sir Hugh Wil Loughby To Look For A Northern Passage To Cathay And India. Borough's Ship, ...

Caesar Baroniujs
Baroniujs, Caesar (1538-1607), Ecclesiastical His Torian, Was Born At Sora And Educated At Veroli And Naples. At Rome He Joined The Oratory In 1557 Under St. Philip Neri (q.v.) And Succeeded Him As Superior In 1593. Clement Viii., Whose Confessor He Was, Made Him Cardinal In 1596 And Librarian Of ...

Caesius Bassus
Bassus, Caesius, A Roman Lyric Poet, Who Lived In The Reign Of Nero. He Was The Friend Of Persius, Who Dedicated His Sixth Satire To Him, And Whose Works He Edited (schol. On Persius, Vi. I.). He Is Said To Have Lost His Life In The Eruption Of Vesuvius (79). ...

Camille Hyacinthe Odilon Barrot
Barrot, Camille Hyacinthe Odilon ('" 1873), French Politician, Was Born At Villefort (lozere) On Sept. 19, 1791. He Was Called To The Parisian Bar In 1811 And Came Into Prominence In The Revolution Of July 183o, When He Joined The National Guard And Took An Active Part. As Secretary Of ...

Carlo Borromeo
Borromeo, Carlo (bor-ro-mĒ'o) (1538-1584), Saint And Cardinal Of The Roman Church, Son Of Ghiberto Borromeo, Count Of Arona, And Margarita De' Medici, Was Born At The Castle Of Arona On Lago Maggiore On Oct. 2, 1538. When In 156o His Uncle, Cardinal Angelo De' Medici, Was Raised To The Pontificate ...

Carlo Buonaparte
Carlo Buonaparte [charles Marie De Bonaparte] (1746– 1785), The Father Of Napoleon I., Took His Degree In Law At The University Of Pisa, And After The Conquest Of Corsica By The French Became Assessor To The Royal Court Of Ajaccio And The Neighbouring Districts. In 1764 He Married Letizia Ramolino, ...

Carlo Giuseppe Guglielmo Botta
Botta, Carlo Giuseppe Guglielmo (1766 1837), Italian Historian, Was Born At San Giorgio Canavese In Piedmont. In 1786 He Received His M.d. From Turin. In He Withdrew To France, Only To Return To His Native Country As A Surgeon In The French Army, Whose Progress He Followed As Far As ...

Caroline Louise
Caroline Louise Duchess Of Berry Was Compelled To Follow Charles X. To Holyrood After July 183o, But It Was With The Reso Lution Of Returning Speedily And Making An Attempt To Secure The Throne For Her Son. From England She Went To Italy, And In April 1832 She Landed Near ...

Cassianus Bassus
Bassus, Cassianus, Called Scholasticus, One Of The Geoponici Or Writers On Agriculture, Lived At The End Of The 6th Or Beginning Of The 7th Century A.d. He Compiled A Collection Of Agricultural Literature (geoponica) Afterwards Revised By An Un Known Hand, And Published About 95o, In The Reign Of Constantine ...

Causes Of Blindness
Blindness, Causes Of. The Most Reliable Statistics Which We Possess Deal With Blindness In The First Quarter Of Life. Here We Find Congenital Anomalies Causing 25% Of Blindness. These Are Unpreventable Until The Eugenic Millennium Is Reached, But To An Extent, Useful Vision May Be Obtained And Preserved. Ophthalmia Neonatorum ...

Cecilia Beaux
Beaux, Cecilia (1863– ), American Portrait-painter, Was Born In Philadelphia (pa.), Where She Became A Pupil Of William Sartain. But Her Real Art Training Was Obtained In Paris, Where She Started In The Atelier Julian And Had The Coaching Of Painters Like Robert-fleury, Bouguereau And Dagnan Bouveret. In 1890 She ...

Cesare Bonesana Beccaria
Beccaria, Cesare Bonesana, Marchese De (1738-1794), Italian Publicist, Was Born At Milan And Educated In The Jesuit College At Parma. He Was A Brilliant Mathematician, But His Principal Work Was Done In Economics. He Held An Official Position Under The Austrian Government, And Issued Reports On Corn Supplies, The Reform ...

Cesare Borgia
Borgia, Cesare Duke Of Valentinois And Romagna, Was The Son Of Pope Alexander Vi. By Vanozza Dei Cattanei. He Was Born At Rome While His Father Was Cardinal, And On His Father's Elevation To The Papacy (149 2) He Was Created Archbishop Of Valencia, And A Year Later Cardinal. Cesare ...

Chamois Lope
Lope, Chamois, Goral, Rocky Mountain Goat, Serow And Takin.) Under The Indefinable Term "antelope" (q.v.) May Be Included The 12 Remaining Sections, Namely Bubalinae (hartebeests And Gnus), Cephalopiiinae (duikers), Orestraginae (klipspringers), Neotraginae (oribis, Steinboks, Etc.), Madoquinae (dik-diks), Peduncinae (waterbucks And Reedbucks), Aepycerotinae (impalla), Saiginae (saiga), Pantholopinae (chiru), Antilopinae (black Buck ...

Charles Albert Berry
Berry, Charles Albert (1852-1899), English Non Conformist Divine, Was Born At Bradshawgate, Leigh, Lancashire. In 1875 He Became Pastor Of St. George's Road Congregational Church, Bolton, And In 1883 Pastor Of The Church At Queen Street, Wolverhampton, With The Supervision Of Nine Dependent Churches In The Neighbourhood. In 1887 He ...

Charles Auguste De Beriot
Beriot, Charles Auguste De Belgian Violinist And Composer, Was Born At Louvain, Feb. 20, 1802, And Died At Brussels, April 8, 187o. Although Not Definitely A Pupil Of Viotti Or Baillot He Was Much Influenced By Both. He Played In The Principal Musical Centres Of Europe, And Held Appointments At ...

Charles Austin Beard
Beard, Charles Austin (1874— ), American Historian And Professor Of Politics, Was Born In Knightstown, Ind., On Nov. 27, 1874. He Graduated From De Pauw University In 1898, And After Studying At Oxford, Cornell And Columbia Universities Received The Degree Of Ph.d. From The Last Named Institution In 1904. His ...

Charles Bannister
Bannister, Charles (1738-1804), English Actor And Singer, Was Born In Gloucestershire, England, Made His First Lon Don Appearance In 1762 As Will In The Orators At The Haymarket. Bannister Was A Singer As Well As An Actor, And Garrick Engaged Him For Drury Lane. He Died Oct. 26 1804. His ...

Charles Barrois
Barrois, Charles (1851— ), French Geologist, Was Born At Lille, On April 21, 1851, And Studied Geology There Under Prof. Jules Gosselet. To This Master He Dedicated His First Com Prehensive Work, Recherches Sur Le Terrain Cretace Superieur De L'angleterre Et De L'irlande, Published In The Memoires De La Society ...

Charles Beecher
Charles Beecher (i815-1 Goo), Another Of Lyman's Sons, Was Born At Litchfield (conn.) On Oct. 7, 1815. He Graduated From Bowdoin College In 1834, And Held Pastorates At Fort Wayne (ind.), Newark (n.j.), And Georgetown (mass.). From 187o 77 He Lived In Florida, Where He Was State Superintendent Of Pub ...

Charles Bemont
Bemont, Charles ), French Scholar, And Director Of The Ecole Des Hautes Etudes In Paris, Was Born In Paris, On Nov. 16, 1848. His Studies Were Chiefly In English And European Mediaeval History, His Most Important Works Being: Simon De Montfort, Comte De Leicester (1884) ; Les Chartes Des Libertes ...

Charles Bertram
Bertram, Charles (1723-1765), English Literary Im Postor, Was A Teacher Of English At Copenhagen. He Announced His Discovery Of A Ms. Written By Richard Of Westminster Which Corrected And Supplemented The Itinerarium Of Antoninus In Britain, And Produced A Forgery Which Was Generally Accepted As Genuine Until 1866, When The ...

Charles Blount
Blount, Charles (1654-1693), English Deist, Was Born At Upper Holloway. His Father, Sir Henry Blount (1602-82), Was The Author Of A Voyage To The Levant, Describing His Own Travels. He Gave His Son A Careful Education, And Is Said To Have Helped Him In His Anima Mundi (1679), Which Gave ...

Charles Bonnet
Bonnet, Charles (172o-1793), Swiss Naturalist And Philosophical Writer, Was Born At Geneva On March 13 1720, Of A French Family. He Made Law His Profession, But His Favourite Pursuit Was The Study Of Natural Science. In 1740 His Paper To The Academy Of Sciences Containing A Series Of Experiments Estab ...

Charles Booth
Booth, Charles (1840-1916), English Shipowner And Sociologist, Was Born At Liverpool. In 1862 He Became A Partner In Alfred Booth And Co., A Liverpool Firm Engaged In The Brazil Trade, And Subsequently Chairman Of The Booth Steamship Co. He Devoted Much Time And Money To Enquiries Into The Statistical Aspects ...

Charles Bourbon
Bourbon, Charles, Duke Of (149o-1527), Constable Of France, Second Son Of Gilbert, Count Of Montpensier, Was Born On Feb. 17, 1490. In 1505 He Married Suzanne, Heiress Of Peter Ii., Duke Of Bourbon, By Anne Of France, Daughter Of King Louis Xi., And Assumed The Title Of Duke Of Bourbon. ...

Charles Bradlaugh
Bradlaugh, Charles (1833-1891), English Free Thinker And Politician, Was Born At Hoxton, London, On Sept. 26, 1833, The Son Of A Poor Solicitor's Clerk. He Managed To Earn A Living By Odd Jobs, And Came Into Contact With A Group Of Free Thinkers Who Were Disciples Of Richard Carlile. At ...

Charles De Bernard
Bernard, Charles De, Whose Full Name Was Pierre Marie Charles De Bernard Du Grail De La Villette (i 804 185o), French Writer, Was Born At Besancon. After Studying For The Law, And Then Taking To Journalism, He Was Encouraged By Balzac (whose La Peau De Chagrin He Reviewed) To Settle ...

Charles Edwin Bennett
Bennett, Charles Edwin American Classical Scholar, Was Born April 6, 1858, In Providence (r.i.). He Graduated From Brown University In 1878, And Also Studied At Harvard And In Germany. After Teaching In Secondary Schools In Florida, New York, And Nebraska, He Became Professor Of Latin In The University Of Wisconsin ...

Charles Edwin Bessey
Bessey, Charles Edwin American Botanist, Was Born At Milton, 0., On May 21, 1845. He Gradu Ated At Michigan Agricultural College (1869), And Studied With Dr. Asa Gray At Harvard (1872–i3 And 1875-76). At Iowa Agri Cultural College He Was Professor Of Botany (187o-84), And Was Acting President In 1882; ...

Charles Emerson Beecher
Beecher, Charles Emerson Ameri Can Palaeontologist, Was Born At Dunkirk, N.y., On Oct. 9 1856. He Graduated At The University Of Michigan In 1878, And Then Became Assistant To James Hall In The New York State Museum At Albany. Ten Years Later He Was Appointed To The Charge Of The ...

Charles Ernest Beule
Beule, Charles Ernest (1826-74), French Archae Ologist And Politician, Was Born At Saumur On June 29 1826. As One Of The Professors In The Ecole Francaise At Athens He Had The Good Fortune To Discover The Propylaea Of The Acropolis, And His Work, L'acropole D'athenes (2nd Ed., 1863), Was Published ...

Charles Ferdinand Berry
Berry, Charles Ferdinand, Duke Of (1778 1820), Younger Son Of Charles X. Of France, Left France During The Revolution, With His Father, Then Comte D'artois, And Served In The Army Of Conde From 1792 To 1797. He Afterwards Joined The Russian Army, And In 18oi Took Up His Residence In ...

Charles Frederick Moberly Bell
Bell, Charles Frederick Moberly '91 '910, British Journalist, Was Born In Alexandria, Egypt. Edu Cated Privately In England, He Returned To Egypt In 1865, And There Took Up Journalistic Work, Becoming The Times Correspond Ent And Founding The Egyptian Gazette. He Had Been The Times Correspondent In Egypt For Nearly ...

Charles Glover Barkla
Barkla, Charles Glover ), British Scientist, Was Born June 7, 1877, At Widnes, Lancashire, The Son Of John Martin Barkla, Secretary Of The Atlas Chemical Co. He Was Educated At Liverpool Institute ; University College, Liver Pool; And Trinity And King's Colleges, Cambridge. In 1902 He Became Oliver Lodge Fellow ...

Charles James Blomfield
Blomfield, Charles James English Divine, Was Born On May 29,1786, At Bury St. Edmunds, And Edu Cated There At The Grammar School And At Trinity College, Cam Bridge, Of Which He Became A Fellow In 18o9. In 1828 He Became Bishop Of London, Where He Reigned For 28 Years. He ...

Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux
Barbaroux, Charles Jean Marie French Revolutionist, Was Educated By The Oratorians Of Marseille And Became A Successful Lawyer. He Was Appointed Secretary (gref}ier) To The Commune Of Marseille, And In 1792 Was Com Missioned To Go To The Legislative Assembly And Demand The Accu Sation Of The Directory Of The ...

Charles Loring Brace
Brace, Charles Loring American Philanthropist, Was Born On June 19, 1826 In Litchfield (conn.). He Graduated At Yale In 1846, And From Union Theological Semi Nary In 1849. From This Time He Devoted His Life To Social Work Among The Poor Of New York, And To Christian Propaganda Among The ...

Charles Louis Auguste Fou
Belle-isle, Charles Louis Auguste Fou Quet, Comte, And Later Duc, De (1684-1761), French Soldier And Statesman, Grandson Of Nicholas Fouquet, Was Born At Ville Franche, Rouergue, On Sept. 22, 1684. He Entered The Army At An Early Age, And Distinguished Himself In The War Of The Spanish Succession And In ...

Charles Melchior Artus Bonchamps
Bonchamps, Charles Melchior Artus, Marquis De (c. , Vendean Leader, Was Born At Jouver Teil, Anjou, May Io I 76o. He Gained His First Military Experience In The American War Of Independence, And On His Return To France Was Made A Captain Of Grenadiers In The French Army. In The ...

Charles Pierre Baudelaire
Baudelaire, Charles Pierre French Poet, Was Born In Paris On April 9, 1821. Baudelaire's Fa Ther Died In 1827, And His Mother Married Lieut.-col. Aupick, Who Was Afterwards Ambassador Of France At Various Courts. Baude Laire Was Educated At Lyons And At The College Louis-le-grand In Paris. The Irregularities Of ...

Charles Synge Christopher Baron
Bowen, Charles Synge Christopher (baron Bowen, Of Colldood) (1835-1894), English Judge, Was Born On Jan. 1, 1835, At Woolaston, Glos., The Son Of A Clergyman. From Rugby He Went To Oxford And Became A Fellow Of Balliol In 1858. He Was Called To The Bar At Lincoln's Inn In 1861. ...

Charles Tilstone Beke
Beke, Charles Tilstone English Geographer And Biblical Critic. From 1838 Till His Death He Was Principally Engaged On Geographical Studies Of The Nile Valley. He Visited Abyssinia In Connection With The Mission To Shoa, And Was The First Scientifically To Determine The Course Of The Blue Nile (see Journal Of ...

Charles Victor De Bonstetten
Bonstetten, Charles Victor De Swiss Writer, Was Born At Berne And Educated In His Native Town, At Yverdon, And (1763-66) At Geneva, Where He Came Under The Influence Of Rousseau And Of Charles Bonnet, And Imbibed Liberal Sentiments. Recalled To Berne By His Father, He Was Soon Sent To Leyden, ...

Charles William Beebe
Beebe, Charles William (1877— ), American Ornithologist And Explorer, Was Born In Brooklyn, N.y., July 29, 1877. In 1899, After Receiving The Degree Of B.s. At Columbia University, And Completing A Year Of Graduate Study, He Be Came Honorary Curator Of Ornithology Of The New York Zoo Logical Society And ...

Charles William De La
Beresford, Charles William De La Poer Beresford, Ist Baron (1846-1919), British Admiral, Second Son Of The Rev. John De La Poer Beresford, Later 4th Marquis Of Waterford, Was Born At Philipstown, King's County, On Feb. Io, 1846, And Died On Sept. 6, 1919. He Entered The "britannia" As A Naval ...

Charlotte Birch Pfeiffer
Birch-pfeiffer, Charlotte Ger Man Actress And Dramatic Writer, Was Born At Stuttgart. She Was Trained At The Munich Court Theatre, And In 1818 Began To Play Leading Tragic Roles At Various Theatres. In 1825 She Married The Historian Christian Birch Of Copenhagen, But Continued To Act. From 1837 To 1843 ...

Chester Beach
Beach, Chester ), American Sculptor, Was Born In San Francisco, Calif., May 23, 188 I . After His Prelimi Nary Education In America He Went To Paris Where He Was A Pupil Of Verdet And Of Roland. Returning To The United States, He Settled In New York. He Works With ...

Christian Daniel Beck
Beck, Christian Daniel German Philologist, Historian, Theologian And Antiquarian, Was Professor Of Greek And Latin Literature, And Later Of History, At Leipzig. He Edited Pedo Albinovanus (1783), .pindar And The Scholia (1792-95), Aristophanes (with Others, 1794, Etc.), Euripides (1778-88), Apollonius Rhodius (1797), Demosthenes, De Pace (1799), Plato (1813-19), Cicero (1795-1807), ...

Christian Frederick Beyers
Beyers, Christian Frederick South African Soldier, Was Born In The Cape Colony, But Went In Early Life To The Transvaal. He Took A Prominent Part In The South African 'war, Reaching The Rank Of General. On The Grant Of Responsible Government To The Transvaal In 1906, Beyers Was Elected Speaker ...

Christian Gunther Bernstorff
Bernstorff, Christian Gunther, Count Vox (1769-1835), Danish And Prussian Statesman And Diplomatist. Son Of Count Andreas Peter Von Bernstorff, Was Born At Copen Hagen On April 3, 1769. He Began His Career In 1787, As Attache To The Representative Of Denmark At The Opening Of The Swedish Diet. In 1789 ...

Christo Botev
Botev, Christo (1847-1867), Bulgarian Revolutionary And Poet, Was Born In Kalofer, Central Bulgaria, On Dec. 24, 1847. When At School In Odessa In 1864 He Became Involved In The Rus Sian Revolutionary Movement And Had To Return Home, Whence He Was Soon Compelled To Flee To Rumania. Here He Lived ...

Christoffer Jacob Bostrom
Bostrom, Christoffer Jacob (1797-1866), Swedish Philosopher, Was Born At Pita'. Jan. 1, 1797, And Died March 22, 1866, At Uppsala. He Studied At Uppsala, Where He Was Professor Of Practical Philosophy From 1840 To 1863. His Philosophy Was A Rational Idealism, Founded On The Principle That The Only Reality Is ...

Christophe De Beaumont
Beaumont, Christophe De French Ecclesiastic, Became Bishop Of Bayonne In 1 I41, Archbishop Of Vienne In '743, And In 1746, At The Age Of 43, Archbishop Of Paris, To Force The Jansenists To Accept The Bull Unigenitus, He Ordered The Priests Of His Diocese To Refuse Absolution To Those Who ...

Classified Summary Of Beethovens
Classified Summary Of Beethoven's Works Thirty-two Pianoforte Sonatas: I 4-hand Sonata; Io Violin Sonatas; 5 Violoncello Sonatas; I Horn Sonata; 7 Pianoforte Trios (i With Clarinet) ; 5 String Trios; I Trio For Flute, Violin And Viola; I Trio For 2 Oboes And Cor Anglais; 16 String Quartets And A ...

Claude Alexandre Bonneval
Bonneval, Claude Alexandre, Comte De French Soldier Of Fortune, Known As Ahmed Pasha. He Entered The Royal Marine Corps At 13, And At 16 Transferred To The Army. He Served Until 1704, When He Was Court-martialled For Insolence. He Then Took Service Under Prince Eugene, And, With A Short Interval, ...

Claude Bernard
Bernard, Claude (1813-1878), French Physiologist, Was Born On July 12, 1813, In The Village Of Saint-julien Near Villefranche. He Received His Early Education In The Jesuit School Of That Town, And Then Proceeded To The College At Lyons, Which, However, He Soon Left To Become Assistant In A Druggist's Shop. ...