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Knight Of Shire
Knight Of Shire Is The Designa Tion Given To The Representative In Par Liament Of English Counties At Large, As Distinguished From Such Cities And Towns As Are Counties Of Themselves (which Are Seldom, If Ever, Called Shires), And The Representatives Of Which, As Well As The Members For Other ...

Knighthood Knight
Knight, Knighthood. Dur Ing The Feudal System The Military Strength Of The Nation Was Measured By The Num Ber And Efficiency Of The Knights Whom The King Was Able To Summon To The Field By Distress [distress] The King Could Compel Those Who Held Knight's Fees [knight's Fees] To Take ...

Knights Of The Bath
Bath, Knights Of The, So Called From The Ancient Custom Of Bath Ing Previous To Their Installation. Cam Den And Selden Agree That The First Mention Of An Order Of Knights, Dis Tinctly Called Knights Of The Bath, Is At The Coronation Of Henry Iv. In 1399, And There Can ...

Land
Land, In English Law, In Its Most Restricted Signification Is Confined To Arable Ground. In This Sense The Term Is Con Strued In Original Writs, And In This Sense It Is Used In All Correct And Formal Plead Ings. By The Statute Of Wills, 1 Victoria, C. 26, S. 26, ...

Lapse
Lapse. [auvowsos ; Benefice.] Law. In Treating Of The Word Law, We Will First Explain Its Etymology, And The Etymology Of The Equivalent Words In The Principal -languages Of The Eivilized World ; We Will Next Determine The Strict And Primary Meaning Of Law, Together With Its Various Secondary Meanings; ...

Lating
Lating. Provisions For Regulating The Construction Of Buildings Are Gene Rally Introduced Into Acts For The Improve Ment Of Towns. To Permit Houses Of Wood Or Thatched Roofs In Confined And Crowded Streets, Would Be To Sacrifice The Public Welfare To The Caprice Or Conveni Ence Of Individuals. There Is ...

Law Of Blockade
Blockade, Law Of. Whenever A War Takes Place, It Affects In Various Ways All States Which Have Any Connexion With The Belligerent Powers. A Principal Part Accordingly Of The Science Of Inter National Law Is That Which Respects The Rights Of Such Neutral States. For Obvious Reasons This Is Also ...

Law Of Law Nature
Nature, Law Of. [law, P. 175.] Navigation Laws. [sam.] Navy, British. The Saxons Took Advantage Of The Rich Harvest Opened To All Who Would Attack The Roman Pro Vinces By Sea, And Ravaged The Coast To Such An Extent As To Oblige The Romans To Establish A Fleet In The ...

Lease
Lease. A Lease, Or Letting, Is Some Times Called A Demise (demissiq). It Is Sometimes Said That Lease Is From The Latin Locatio ;' But As The Ymb Which Corresponds To The Noun Lease Is Let, It Seems That The Word Lease Is The Noun Which Corresponds To The Ver') ...

Leet
Leet Is The District Subject To The Jurisdiction Of A Court-leet. Sometimes The Term Is Used To Denote The Court Itself, The Full Style Of Which Is " Court-leet And View Of Frank-pledge." Each Of These Titles Is Frequently Used Alone ; But The Omission Does Not Affect The Character ...

Legate
Legate (from The Latin Legdtus, Which Is A Participle From Lego, And Signifies One Who Is Sent With A Certain Commission). This Word Had Various Significations Among The Romans. The Legates (legati) Were The Chief Assistants Of The Proconsuls And Proprietors In The Administration Of The Provinces. The Number Of ...

Legislation
Legislation. In Treating Of Legis Lation, We Will Explain, 1st, The Mean Ing And Etymology Of The Word ; 2nd, The Distinction Between The Legislative And Executive Powers Of Government; And 3rd, The Difference Between Jurispru Dential And Legislative Science—under Which Head We Will Make Some Remarks Respecting The Most ...

Les Cinq Codes
Codes, Les Cinq, Is The Name Given To Several Compilations Of Laws, Civil And Criminal, Made In France After The Revolution, And Under Bonaparte's Administration. They Consist Of The Code Civil, Code De Procedure Civile, Code De Commerce, Code D'instruction Criminelle, And Code Penal. To These Has Been Added The ...

Letter Or Power Of
Letter Or Power Of Attor Ney Is An Instrument By Which One Per Son Authorises Another To Do Some Act For Him : It May Be Used In Any Lawful Trans Action, As To Execute A Deed, To Collect Rents Or Debts, To Sell Estates, And Other Like Matters. The ...

Letters Patent Nobility
Letters Patent; Nobility.) A Peer Cannot Be Deprived Of The Dignity Or Any Of The Privileges Connected With It, Except On Forfeiture Of The Dignity By Being Attainted For Treason Or Felony ; And The Dignity Must Descend, On His Death, To Others (as Long As There Are Per Sons ...

Lettres De Cachet
Cachet, Lettres De, Were Let Ters Proceeding From And Signed By The Kings Of France, And Countersigned By A Secretary Of State. They Were Called Also "lettres Closes," Or "sealed Letters," To Dis Tinguish Them From The " Lettres Patentes" Which Were In The Nature Of Public Docu Ments And ...

Libel
Libel (from The Latin Libeling,' A Little Book) Is A Malicious Defamation, Expressed Either In Writing, Or By Signs, Pictures, &c., Tending Either To Blacken The Memory Of One Who Is Dead, Or The Reputation Of One Who Is Alive, And There By Exposing Him To Public Hatred, Con Tempt, ...

Liberty
Liberty. The General Nature Of A Liberty, As A Portion Of The Royal Rreroga Tive In The Hands Of A Subject, Has Been Already Shown Under Franchise. Li Berties Were At First Chiefly Granted To Monastic And Other Religious Establish Ments, To Ease The Consciences Of The Royal Grantors, Or ...

Liberty
Liberty. This Word Is The Latin Tiberias. The Corresponding Teutonic Word Is Freiheit, Or, As It Appears In English, Freedom. Liberty And Freedom Are Familiar Words With Indefinite Meanings. • Liber,' The Adjective Which Corresponds To The Noun Gibertas,' Is Properly Opposed To Servus,' Or ' Slave ; And Libertas ...

Licentiate In Medicine
Licentiate In Medicine Is A Physician Who Has A License To Practise Granted By The College Of Physicians. There Are Two Classes : Licentiates Wha Are Authorised To Practise In London And Within Seven Miles Thereof; And Extra Licentiates, Who Are Only Privileged To Practise In The Country At A ...

Lieutenant
Lieutenant Is An Officer Who Dis Charges The Duties Of A Superior In His Name And During His Absence ; And Who Acts Immediately In Subordination To Him When He Is Present. Thus, In Military Affairs, The Lieutenant General And The Lieutenant-colonel Respec Tively Superintend The Economy And The Movements ...

Linen
Linen, Cloth Woven With The Fibres Of The Flax-plant (linum Usilatissimum), A Manufacture Of So Ancient A Date That Its Origin Is Unknown. Linen Cloths Were Made At A Very Early Period In Egypt, As We See From The Cloth Wrap Pings Of The Mummies, Which Are All Linen. It ...

Lord Advocate
Advocate, Lord, Is The Name Given To The Principal Public Prosecutor In Scotland. He Is Assisted By A Solicitor General And Some Junior Counsel, Gene Rally Four In Number, Who Are Termed Advocates Depute. He Is Understood To Have The Power Of Appearing As Prose Cutor In Any Court In ...

Lord High Constable
Constable, Lord High, Of Scotland. In The Twelfth Century We Have A List Of Eleven Lord High Con Stables In Scotland. Sir Gilbert De Hay Got The Office In Fee And Heritage In The Year 1314; Since Which Time The Con Stable's Staff, Then Put Into His Hands By Bruce, ...

Lord High Steward
Steward, Lord High, Of England, One Of The Antient Great Officers Of State. Under The Norman Kings And The Early Kings Of The Line It Seems To Have Been An Office. Hugh Grentmesnell Held The Office In The Reign Of Henry Ii., And It Passed With His Daughter And Co-heir ...

Lord Lieutenant
Lord-lieutenant. It Was For Merly Usual For The Crown, From Time To Time, To Issue Commissions Of Array, Re Quiring Certain Experienced Persons To Muster And Array The Inhabitants Of The Counties To Which Such Commissioners Were Sent. They Were Directed To Put Into Military Order Those Who Were Ca ...

Lords Justices
Lords Justices. Our Kings Have Been, Ever Since The Conquest, In The Habit Of Appointing, As Occasion Required, One Or More Persons To Act For A Time As Their Substitutes In The Supreme Government Either Of The Whole Kingdom Or Of A Part Of It. When William I. Returned To ...

Lords Of The Bedchamber
Bedchamber, Lords Of The, Are Officers Of The Royal Household Under The Groom Of The Stole. The Number Of Lords, In The Reign Of William Iv., Was Twelve, Who Waited A Week Each In Turn. The Groom Of The Stole Does Not Take His Turn Of Duty, But Attends His ...

Lotteries
Lotteries Have Been Encouraged By Some States For The Purpose Of Raising A Revenue. The General Plan Has Been For The Government To Sell A Certain Num Ber Of Tickets Or Chances, And To Distribute By Lot A Part Of The Money Thus Collected Among A Comparatively Small Number Of ...

Lunacy
Lunacy. Unsoundness Of Mind Is Perhaps The Most Accurate Definition Of The Present Legal Meaning Of Lunacy. For Merly A Legal Distinction Was Made Between Lunatics And Idiots : A Lunatic Was De Scribed As One Who Has Had Understanding, But From Some Cause Has Lost The Use Of His ...

Machinery
Machinery. It Is Proposed To Con Sider, In This Article, The Influence Which Is Exercised By Machinery Upon The Ge. Neral Interests Of Mankind, And Especially Upon The Well-being Of Different Classes Of Society. There Is No Subject In The Pre Sent Age Which Is More Deserving Of Attention ; ...

Magna Charta
Magna Charta. The Terms Of The Compact Between The Feudal Chief And His Dependants Underwent Frequent Changes Iu The Middle Ages. When A Material Alteration Was Made In The Terms Of The Compact, A Record Was Made Of It In Writing. These Records Are Called Charters, In The Restricted Use ...

Major
Major, A Field-o Cer Next In Rank Below A Lieutenant-colonel, And Imme Diately Superior To The Captains Of Troops In A Regiment Of Cavalry, Or To The Cap Tains Of Companies In A Battalion Of In Fantry. His Duty Is To Superintend The Exercises Of The Regiment Or Battalion, And, ...

Mandamus
Manda'mus Is A Writ By Which The Court Of King's Bench, In The Name Of The Reigning King Or Queen, Commands The Party To Whom It Is Addressed To Do Some Act In The Performance Of Which The Prosecutor, Or Person Who Applies For Or Sues Out The Writ, Has ...

Manor
Manor (maneriuni). At The Time Of The Norman Conquest Msnerius Or Manerium (from =sere, To Dwell) De Noted A Large Mansion Or Dwelling. The " Manerium" Of The Exchequer Domesday Is The "mansio" Of The Exeter Domesday, Each Being Therefore The Equivalent Of The Anglo-saxon Or French Term Used By ...

Mar Uis
Mar Uis, A Title Of Honour In Eng Land. Persons Who Have This Title Are The Second In The Five Orders Of Eng Lish Nobility : Dukes Are The First. The Younger Sons Of Marquises Are Addressed As " My Lord," As Lord Henry Petty, Lord John Thynne. All Titles ...

Marines
Marines, Men Embodied To Serve As Soldiers On Board Of Ships Of War In Naval Engagements; And On Shore, In The Event Of A Descent Being Made Upon An Enemy's Coast. In The British Service They Also Assist Occasionally In Performing Some Of The Operations Connected With The Work Ing ...

Market
Market, In Law Latin Mercaturn, A Public Place And Fixed Time For The Meet Ing Of Buyers And Sellers. A Legal Market Can Exist Only By Virtue Of A Charter From The Crown Or By Immemorial Usage, From I Which It Will Be Presumed That A Royal Charter Once Existed, ...

Marriage
Marriage Is A Contract By Which A Man And A Woman Enter Into A Mutual Engagement, In The Form Prescribed By The Laws Of The Country In Which They Reside, To Live Together As Husband And Wife During The Remainder Of Their Lives. Marriage Is Treated As A Civil Contract ...

Marshal
Marshal (french, Marerchal), A Term Which, In Its Origin, Meant Simply A Groom Or Manager Of Horses. One Of The Principal Officers Of State In England Is The King's Marshal, Which Office Is Now Held By The Duke Of Norfolk, Who Is Said To Have The Office Of Marshal Of ...

Martial Law
Martial Law Is A Series Of Regu Lations Made To Preserve Order And Disci Pline In The Army, And Enforced By The Prompt Decisions Of Courts-martial : This Is Generally However Called Military Law. During The Existence Of A Rebellion, When, In Consequence Of The Ordinary Processes Of General Law ...

Military Convention
Convention, Military, A Treaty Made Between The Commanders Of Two Opposing Armies Concerning The Terms On Which A Temporary Cessation Of Hostilities Shall Take Place Between Them. It Is Usually Solicited By That General Who Has Suffered A Defeat, When His Retreat Is Not Secure And Small Chance Is Left ...

Military Force
Military Force. There Are Many Circumstances To Be Taken Into Ao Count In Estimating The Military Power Of A Country : The Character Of The People, The Spirit Of The Government Under Which They Live, The Natural Features Of Their Territory, Must Amongst Other Things Have Their Due Influence Assigned ...

Military Staff
Staff, Military. In The British Empire This Consists. Under The King And The General Commanding-in-chug; Of Those General, Field, And Regimental Officers To Whom Is Confided The Care Of Providing The Means Of Rendering The Military Force Of The Nation Efficient, Of Maintaining Dis Cipline In The Army, And Regulating ...

Militia
Militia. In Great Britain And Ire Land The Term Is Applied Particularly To Those Men Who Are Chosen By Ballot To Serve For A Certain Number Of Years Within The Limits Of These Realms. The Regulations Of The Militia Service Differ Widely From Those Of The Conscription On The Continent: ...