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Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 17

Lombardy
Lombardy, Lom'bar-dl, Italy, That Part Of Upper Italy Between The Alps And The Po, With Venice On The East And Piedmont On The West. It Formed An Ancient Kingdom, Now A Northern Compartimento Embracing The Eight Provinces Of Bergamo, Brescia, Como, Cremona, Mantua, Milan, Pavia And Sondrio, With An Aggregate ...

Lombroso
Lombroso, Lom-bro-zo, Cesare, Italian Criminologist, The Founder Of The Science Of Criminology: B. (of Jewish Parents) Verona, 1836; D. Turin, 19 Oct. 1909. He Developed Early, And Was Writing On Learned Subjects Be Fore He Was Out Of Boyhood. He Was Educated At Paris, Padua, And In 1862 He Was ...

Lomond
Lomond, Loch, 16k 16-m8nd, Scotland, The Largest And One Of The Most Beautiful Of Scottish Lakes In The Counties Of Stirling And Dumbarton. Its Length Is About 24 Miles; The Breadth At The Lower Or Southern End Five Miles, At The Upper End Less Than Half A Mile. For 14 ...

London
London, Jack, American Author: B. San Francisco, 12 Jan. 1876; D. Glen Ellen, Cal.. 22 Nov. 1916. He Was The Son Of John London A Frontiersman, Scout And Trapper, Who Had Come To San Francisco In 1873. His Early Life Was Spent On California Ranches Up To The Age Of ...

London
London, England, The Largest City In The World, The Capital Of The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Ireland, And Of The British Empire, Situated On Both Banks Of The Thames River, About 40 Miles From Its Mouth, The Latitude And Longitude Of Saint Paul's Cathedral Being Respectively 51° 30' ...

London County Council
London County Council. The County Of London, Nearly 120 Square Miles In Area, Is Split Up Into 29 Districts For Local Ad Ministrative Purposes. Of These, Two Are Cities, Those Of London And Westminster; One Is A Royal Borough — Kensington — And 26 Are Bor Oughs. Each Is Self-contained ...

London University
London University, England, Es Tablished As A Joint-stock Company In 1826, Re Ceived In 1836 Two Charters, One For An Associa Tion Retaining The Name Of London University And Having Power To Examine Candidates And Grant Degrees, And The Other For A Teaching Body — The University College — Entitling ...

London_2
London, Meyer, American Lawyer And Socialist: B. Russia, 29 Dec. 1871. His Early Years Were Spent In Southern Russia But In His 20th Year Desiring To Obtain A Higher Education, Then Impossible In Russia For A Man Of Jewish Race, And Being Under The Surveillance Of The Secret Police Because ...

London_3
London, Treaties And Conventions Of. The Following Are The Most Important Of The Treaties And Conventions Concluded In London In Modern Times. The Quadruple Alliance, Formed 2 Aug. 1718. On 6 July 1827, A Treaty Was Signed Between England, France And Rus Sia For Regulating The Affairs Of Turkey And ...

London_4
London, Treaty Of (1915). A Secret Agreement Concluded Between Italy, France, Great Britain And Russia On 26 April And Finally Signed On 9 May 1915, Declaring The Terms Un Der Which Italy Agreed To Enter The War On The Side Of The Entente Allies. °by The Future Treaty Of Peace° ...

Long Island
Long Island, Battle Of, One Of The Early American Defeats In The Revolutionary War, Was Fought 27 Aug. 1776, In Brooklyn, N. Y., Mainly Within The Present Limits Of Pros Pect Park, The Column In Battle Pass To The Memory Of The 400 Maryland Troops Who Fell In The Battle, ...

Long Island Sound
Long Island Sound, A Body Of Water Which Separates Long Island, In New York State, From The Mainland. It Is An Arm Of The Atlantic Ocean, Extending Northeast And Southwest, About 110 Miles Long And From 10 To 25 Miles Wide. It Is Connected With The Atlantic On The East ...

Longevity
Longevity. The Normal Duration Of Life Differs In Different Species Of Animals, But What Factors Determine The Length Of Life Of A Particular Species Have Not Been Discovered. Observation Has Taught A Few Generalities, That Large Animals Live Longer Than Small Ones, That Species Having A Numerous Progeny Are Short ...

Longfellow
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, American Poet: B. Portland, Me., 27 Feb. 1807; D. Cambridge, Mass., 24 March 1882. He Was The Second Son Of Stephen Longfellow, Lawyer And Congressman, And Zilpah, Daughter Of Gen. Peleg Wadsworth — Thus Coming From Excellent Stock On Both Sides. He Seems To Have Combined The ...

Longitude
Longitude. The Longitude Of A Place On The Earth Is The Angle At The Pole Between The Meridian Of Greenwich And The Meridian Passing Through The Observer's Place; Or It Is The Arc Of The Equator Intercepted Between These Meridians; Or, Since This Arc Is Measured By The Time Required ...

Longsmans
Longsmans, London Publishers For Many Years Identified With High-class Literature. Thomas Longman (1699-1755) Was Apprenticed To John Osborne, Bookseller, Lombard Street. Longman Bought The Business Of William Tay Lor, Publisher Of 'robinson Crusoe,' Conducted Paternoster Aternoster Row, Whence He Moved In 1726 To The Present Site. Longman Was A Share ...

Longstreet
Longstreet, James, American Soldier: B. In Edgefield District, S. C., 8 Jan. 1821; D. Gainesville, Ga., 2 Jan. 1904. He Was Grad Uated At The United States Military Academy In 1842; Entered The Army As Lieutenant Of In Fantry And, After Performing Duty At Various Western Posts, Served In The ...

Lons Le Saunier
Lons - Le - Saunier, France, Town And Capital Of The Department Of Jura, Situated On The Valliere, And On The Paris Lyons Railway, 75 Miles Northeast Of Lyons. It Is Surrounded By Vine-clad Hills; Contains A 12th Century Church, Law Courts, Chamber Of Commerce, Lycees, Training Colleges And A ...

Loom
Loom, A Term Originally Meaning Simply «tool,* But Now Particularized So As To Apply To A Machine For Weaving. The Simplest Form Of The Loom, Still In Use Among Semi-primitive Tribes And Up To The Middle Of The 18th Century Practically The Only Form, Was The Hand Loom, A Rectangular ...

Loosestrife
Loosestrife, A Plant Of The Genus Lysi Mochia, Of The Primrose Family, About 40 Species Of Which Grow In The Temperate Zones. Several Yellow-flowered Species Belong To The United States, But Those Best Known Are The Whorled Or Four-leaved, L. Quadrifolia, And The Bulb Bearing, L. Terrestris. Two Or Three ...

Lopez
Lopez, Francisco Solano, Paraguayan President: B. Asuncion, 24 July 1827; D. Near The Aquidaban, 1 March 1870. He Was The Son Of Carlos Antonio Lopez (q.v.). He Was Edu Cated In Paris And In His 18th Year His Father Made Him A Brigadier-general In The War Against Rosas, The Dictator ...

Lopez_2
Lopez, Martin, The First Shipbuilder Of The American Continents. He Was In The Em Ploy Of Cortes, Or Formed One Of The Army Of The Conqueror When He Began His Famous March Against The City Of Mexico (tenochtit Lan). He Was A Shipbuilder By Trade And Had Been Attracted To ...

Lopez_3
Lopez, Narciso, Cuban Revolutionist: H. Venezuela, 1799; D. Havana, Cuba, 1 Sept. 1851. He Served For Some Time In The Spanish Army, From Which He Retired In 1822 With The Rank Of Colonel. After The Evacuation Of Venezuela By The Spanish Troops, Be Established Himself In Cuba, And Afterward During ...

Loquat
Loquat L6'kwat, Or Japan Plum, A Shrub Or Small Tree (eriobotrya Japonica) Of The Family Malacea.. It Attains Heights Of About 20 Feet, Bears Thick Evergreen Leaves Near The Ends Of The Branches, And Fragrant, Woolly, Whitish Flowers In Terminal Panicles In Late Sum Mer And Autumn, Followed By Downy, ...

Lord
Lord, John King, American Educator: B. Cincinnati, Ohio, 21 Oct. 1848. He Was Gradu Ated At Dartmouth College In 1868. In 1869 He Was Made A Tutor In Latin In Dartmouth; Professor Of Latin And Rhetoric, 1872-80; Pro Fessor Of Oratory And Belles-lettres, 1880-82; Associate Professor, 1882-92, And After 1892 ...

Lord Loftus
Loftus, Lord Augustus William Fred Erick Spencer, English Diplomatist: B. 4 Oct. 1817; D. 9 March 1904. He Entered The Diplo Matic Service In 1837 As Attache At Berlin And Was Likewise Attache At Stuttgart In 1844. He Was Secretary To Stratford Canning In 1848, And After Serving As Secretary ...

Lord Of The Isles
Lord Of The Isles, A Title Borne By Chiefs Who Ruled The Western Islands Of Scot Land. They Were Descended From Somerled, The Lord Of Argyll, On Whom David I Conferred The Islands Of Arran And Bute After He Had Driven The Norwegians Out. The Father Of John, The First ...

Lords Prayer
Lord's Prayer, The, Sometimes Called "our Father" Or The "pater Noster," From The First Two Words In English Or In Latin; And Called The "lord's Prayer° Because Taught By Our Lord To His Disciples. The Prayer Is Given In The Bible, In Saint Matthew Vi, And In Saint Luke Xi. ...

Lords Supper
Lord's Supper (lat. Ccena Domini, Fr. La Sainte Cene, Ger. Abendmahl), One Of The Sacraments Of The Christian Religion, In The Observance Of Which Christians Commemorate The Death Of The Founder Of Their Religion. It Is So Called Because The Lord Jesus Christ Insti Tuted The Rite When He Took ...

Loreta
Loreta, Lo-ra'ta, Pietro, Courrr, Italian Surgeon: B. Ravenna, 1831; D. 1889. He Re Ceived His Education At The University Of Bo Logna; Became Anatomical Prosector There In 1861 And Four Years Later Became Director Of The Surgical Clinic. He Was Appointed To The Chair Of Surgery At Bologna University In ...

Lorimer
Lorimer, William, American Capital Ist And Politician: B. Manchester, England, 27 April 1861. At The Age Of Five He Came To The United States With His Parents And In 1870 To Chicago. At 10 He Became A Sign-painter's Ap Prentice And Subsequently Obtained Employment In Packing-houses And With A Street ...

Loring
Loring, William Wing, American Sol Dier: B. Wilmington, N. C., 4 Dec. 1818; D. 30 Dec. 1886. He Entered The United States Army As A Private In A Troop Of Volunteer Cavalry And Was Active In The Florida War In 1835-42. He Studied At Georgetown College And Then Vol Unteered ...

Los Angeles
Los Angeles, Cal., City, County-seat Of Los Angeles County, About 15 Miles In An Air Line From The Pacific Ocean, In The Valley Of The Los Angeles River, A Dry River-bed In Sum Mer, But In Winter A Considerable Stream After Heavy Rainfalls. The Sierra Madre Range Of Mountains, About ...

Los Intereses Creados
Los Intereses Creados, Los In'ta Ra'ses Kra'a-dos ((the Bonds Of Interest)), By Jacinto Benavente, The Most Popular And Widely-known Production Of Spanish Letters During The 20th Century, Was First Presented At Madrid, 9 Dec. 1907. With This Comedy The Modern Movement In Spanish Art Attained Full Maturity, The Play Taking ...

Los Sueros
Los Sueros, Los Sna'nyfis. Francisco Gomez Quevedo Villega Composed His Or 'visions,' At Intervals Between The Years 1606 And 1627, At Which Latter Date They Were First Published At Barcelona. The Conception Of A Dream Or Vision Of The Other World, Peopled By Contemporaries Of The Author In This, Was ...

Lossino
Lossino, 16s'ing, Benson John, Amer Ican Historian And Engraver: B. Beekman, Dutchess County, N. Y., 12 Feb. 1813; D. Near Dover Plains, N. J., 3 June 1891. In 1826 He Was Apprenticed To A Watchmaker In Pough Keepsie And Subsequently Entered Into Partner Ship With His Employer, But In 1835 ...

Lost Paradise
Lost Paradise, The.. The Symbolical Title Of Was Verlorene Paradies> ("the Lost Paradise)) (1892) By Ludwig Fulda Designates I The World In Which The Vast Majority Of Men And Women Eat Bread In The Sweat Of Their Brows. The Play Is Intended To Arouse Sympa Thy For Workmen Who Strike ...

Lost Ten Tribes
Lost Ten Tribes, The. After The Death Of Solomon The 10 Northern Tribes Of Israel Seceded And Established The Separate Kingdom Of Israel. It Existed For 200 Years, Until It Was Finally Brought To An End When Samaria Was Overthrown By Sargon Of Assyria In 722 B.c. At That Time ...

Lota
Lota, Chile, A City In The Province Of Concepci6n, Situated On Arauca Bay, Lat. 37° 5' S. At Present The Centre Of Chilean Coal Min Ing, It Was A Fishing Village Until 1852, When The Cousifio Family Demonstrated The Existence Of Coal There In Paying Quantities. The Corn Pafiia Esplotadora ...

Loti
Loti, Lo'te, Pierre, Pen-name Of Louis Marie Julien Viaud, French Author: B. Roche Fort, 14 Jan. 1850. After A School Education In His Native Town He Entered The French Navy In 1867, Becoming Midshipman In 1873, And Resign Ing In 1898 With The Rank Of Lieutenant. He Has Seen, In ...

Loubat
Loubat, Joseph Florimond, We-hi-mond Duc De, French Author And Philanthropist: B. New York, 21 Jan. 1831. He Was Graduated From The University Of Paris And Has Been A Liberal Giver To Public Institu Tions, Among His Benefactions Of This Char Acter Being A Gift Of $1,000,000 To Columbia University, Including ...

Loughridge
Loughridge, Loch'ridj', Robert Mc Gill, American Presbyterian Clergyman, Mis Sionary And Lexicographer: B. Laurensville, S. C., 24 Dec. 1809; D. Waco, Tex., 8 July 1900. His Father, James Loughridge, Was A Native Of County Antrim, Ireland, And His Mother, Deborah Ann (mcgill) Loughridge, Was A Native Of South Carolina And ...

Louis Ix
Louis Ix, Called Saint Lou's, King Of France: B. Poissy, France, 25 April 1214; D. Near Tunis, Africa, 25 Aug. 1270. He Was The Son Of Louis Viii And Blanche Of Castile, And Came To The Throne On The Death Of His Father. Being Only In His 12th Year He ...

Louis Philippe
Louis Philippe, Fe-lep, King Of 'the French: B. Paris, 6 Oct. 1773; D. Claremont, Near Windsor, England, 26 Aug. 1850. He Was The Eldest Son Of Duke Louis Philippe Joseph Of Orleans, Afterward Surnamed Egalite, And Of The Princess Louise Marie Adelaide Of Pen Thievre. In Infancy He Held The ...

Louis Xi
Louis Xi, King Of France: B. Bourges, France, 3 July 1423 ; D. Plessis-les-tours, France, 30 Aug. 1483. He Was The Son Of Charles Vii, But In All Respects Very Unlike Him, And In 1440 He Left The Court And Headed An Insurrection Against His Father. Charles Par Doned His ...

Louis Xiv
Louis Xiv, King Of France: B. Saint German-en-laye, 5 Sept. 1638; D. Versailles, 1 Sept. 1715. He Was Only Five Years Old When He Succeeded To The Throne, But His Mother, Anne Of Austria, Was Made Regent During His Nonage Which Ended In 1651, When He Was 13. Cardinal Mazarin ...

Louis Xv
Louis Xv, King Of France: B. Versailles, France; 15 Feb. 1710; D. There, 10 May 1774. He Was The Great-grandson And Successor Of Louis Xiv, And Coming To The Throne When Only Five Years Old, Philip, Duke Of Orleans, Was Made Regent. Louis Was Declared Of Age In 1723 And ...

Louis Xvi
Louis Xvi, King Of France: B. Ver Sailles, 23 Aug. 1754; D. Paris, 21 Jan. 1793. He Was The Third Son Of Louis And Of Marie Josepha, Daughter Of Frederic Augustus, King Of Poland And Elector Of Saxony. During The Lifetime Of Louis Xv He Bore The Title Of Duke ...

Louis Xvii
Louis Xvii, Titular King Of France: B. Versailles, 27 March 1785; D. Paris. 8 June 1795. He Was The Second Son Of Louis Xvi And Marie Antoinette; Was At First Styled Duc De Normandie; And After The Death Of His Elder Brother, In 1789, Became Heir To The Throne. With ...

Louis Xviii
Louis Xviii, "stanislaus Xavier') (given The Title Of Le Desna, By The Chamber Of Deputies), King Of France: B. Versailles, France, 17 Nov. 1755; D. Paris, 16 Sept. 1824. As The Younger Brother Of Louis Xvi He Was Designated Monsieur, His Rank In The Nobility Being Count Of Provence. He ...

Louisburg
Louisburg, Loo'is-berg Or Loo 'e-berg, Town Of Cape Breton Island In The Province Of Nova Scotia : On The Coast At The Entrance To The Gulf Of Saint Lawrence. The Earliest Men Tion Of English Harbor, Later Called Louisburg, Is Found On Champlain's Map Of 1612 And Was, In His ...

Louisiana
Louisiana, One Of The United States, Bordering On The Gulf Of Mexico, Is The Largest And Most Impprtant Of The Southern States. The Name Elouisianas Was First Applied By La Salle In 1683 To The Vast Territory Watered By The Mississippi And Its Tributaries, Which He Thus Dedicated To King ...

Louisiana Creoles
Louisiana Creoles. This Appella Tion Belongs Exclusively To Persons Of French I And Spanish Descent Born In Louisiana: Not Withstanding The Prevalent Error To The Contrary According It To Louisiana-born Children Of Any European Blood. Though Often Misrepresented, The Creoles Of Louisiana, As A Matter Of Fact, Are Intelligent, Brave ...

Louisiana Purchase Exposi Tion
Louisiana Purchase Exposi Tion, An International Exposition Held In Saint Louis, Mo., 30 April 1 Dec. 1904, To Commemorate The 100th Anniversary Of The Pur Chase From France Of The Louisiana. A Tract Of 1,142 Acres In Forest Park Was Selected For The Site. The Plan Included 15 Large Exhibition ...

Louisiana State University
Louisiana State University, The Head Of The Public School System Of Loui Siana, Is Located At Baton Rouge, La. The Organization Of The Institution Was Authorized In The State Constitution Of 1845. It Was To Be Supported By The Income From The Sales Of The "seminary" Land Grants. In 1855 ...

Louisville
Louisville, Loo'ls Vil Or Loo-i-vll, Ky., The Capital Of The County Of Jefferson, And The Principal City Of The State Of Kentucky, Is Situated Opposite To The Falls Of The Ohio River, On The Southern Shore Of The River, On The Louisville And Nashville, The Southern, The Chesapeake And Ohio, ...

Louisville And Nashville Railroad
Louisville And Nashville Railroad. The Louisville And Nashville Railroad Company's Main Lines Extend From Cincinnati, Ohio, To Atlanta, Ga., Via Lexington, Knoxville And Chattanooga: From Cincinnati To Memphis, Tenn., Via Louisville And Guthrie; From Saint Louis, Mo., To Pensacola, Fla., And To New Orleans, La., Via Nashville, Birming Ham, Montgomery ...

Lourdes
Lourdes, Loord, Frince, Town, In The De Partment Of Hautes-pyrinees, On The Gave De Pau, About 85 Miles Southeast Of Bayonne. It Is Situated Where Seven Mountain Passes Lead To Favorite Resorts In The Pyrenees. Nearby Are Valuable Marble And Slate Quarries. Formerly Lourdes Was Famed For Its Chocolate And ...

Louse
Louse, A Small Parasitic Insect Of A Family (pediculiche) Of Doubtful Affinities, But Usually Considered To Be Hentiptera, Much De Graded Through Long-continued Parasitism. The Lice Are All Of Small Size, Have Soft, Much Flat Tened Bodies With Thin Integument, The Ab Domen Enlarged, The Thorax Indistinctly Seg Mented And ...

Louvain
Louvain, Loo-van (flemish, Leuven; German, Lowen), Belgium, City In The Province Of Brabant, On The Dyle, 15 Miles East By North Of Brussels. It Was Surrounded By Earthen Ramparts, Which Have Been Converted Into Pleas Ant Promenades, Which Form Almost A Perfect Circle, Diameter Nearly Two Miles. There Are Many ...

Louvois
Louvois, Francois Michel Le Tellier, Fran-swa Me-she' Le 100-vwa, Marquis Of, Minister Of War To Louis Xiv: B. Paris, 18 Jan. 1641; D. 16 July 1691. He Was Early Made A Royal Councillor Through The Influence Of His Father Who Was War Secretary. After 1666 He Had The Whole Management ...

Louvre
Louvre, Loovr, The, An Old Royal Palace At Paris, On The North Bank Of The Seine, A Splendid Quadrangular Edifice, With A Court In The Centre, Completed By Napoleon. The Origin Of Its Name And The Time Of The Erection Of The Oldest Part Of It Are Unknown. It Is ...

Lovage
Lovage, An Umbelliferous Plant Of The Genus Levisticum, Native To The South Of Europe, Sometimes Cultivated In Gardens, And Notwithstanding Its Strong And Peculiar Odor, Used As A Salad Plant. Its Roots And Seeds Are Aromatic, Acrid And Stimulant, And A Liquor Called Govage Is Made From Them. The Scot ...

Lovejoy
Lovejoy, Elijah Parish, American Abolitionist: H. Albion, Me., 9 Nov. 1802; D. Alton, Ill., 7 Nov. 1837. He Was Graduated At Waterville College In 1826, And At The Prince Ton Theological Seminary In 1833, And Was Or Dained To The Ministry, But Soon After Assumed The Editorship Of The Saint ...

Loves Labours Lost
Love's Labour's Lost (circa 1590) Is The Most Obviously Experimental Of Shake Speare's Plays And For That Reason Is Reckoned His Earliest Unaided Work (that It Was Actually Earlier Than 'the Comedy Of Errors,' Which Was Written Under Classic Guidance, Cannot Be Asserted). It Has One Of Shakespeare's Two Or ...

Lovett
Lovett, Robert Scott, American Rail Way Official: B. San Jacinto, Tex., 22 June 1860. He Was Educated In The Public Schools And Houston High School, Followed By Private In Struction. In 1882 He Was Admitted To The Bar; Was Attorney For The Houston, East And West Texas Railway Company In ...

Lowe
Lowe, Robert, Viscount S Hiep.brooke, English Politician: B. Bingham, Nottingham Shire, 4 Dec. 1811; D. London, 27 July 1892. He Was Educated At Winchester College And At University College, Oxford, And Directly Upon His Admission To The Bar In 1842 Went To Aus Tralia, Where He Quickly Attained Prominence In ...

Lowell
Lowell, James Russell, American Poet, Critic And Diplomat: B. Cambridge, Mass., 22 Feb. 1819; D. There, 12 Aug. 1891. The Lowells Were Descended From Percival Lowell Of Bris Tol, England, Who Emigrated To Massachusetts In 1639. Judge John Lowell, Grandfather Of The Poet, Contributed A Clause To The Bill Of ...

Lowell_2
Lowell, Mass., City, County-seat Of Mid Dlesex County, At The Junction Of The Concord And Merrimac Rivers, And On The New York, New Haven And Hartford And The Boston And Maine Railroads, About 25 Miles Northwest Of Boston. Lowell, Formerly Chelmsford, Was Founded In 1822, By The "merrimac Manufactur Ing ...

Lowestoft Porcelain
Lowestoft Porcelain.. One Of The Most Interesting And Prolonged Controver Sies That Was Ever Entered Into By Connoisseurs And Collectors Of °china* Was Concerning The Term "lowestoft') As Applied To Certain Pieces Of Porcelain Ware. William Chaffers, A Former Authority On Ceramics, In His °gallery* (1872) Claimed That Certain Pieces ...

Lowndes
Lowndes, William, American Legislator: B. Saint Barthomew's, Colleton County, S. C., 7 Feb. 1782; D. At Sea, 27 Oct. 1822. He Was Taken To England When He Was Seven Years Of Age, And Sent For Three Years To An English Grammar-school. 'on His Return To Charles. Ton He Was Graduated ...

Loyal Legion Of The
Loyal Legion Of The United States, Military Order Of The, Was The First Society Formed By Officers In The Civil War, Who Were Honorably Discharged. Its Objects Are To Cherish The Memories And Associations Of The Civil War, To Strengthen The Ties Of Fellow Ship And Sympathy, To Relieve The ...

Loyalists In Canada
Loyalists In Canada. In The 20th Century It Is Easy To Review Without Prejudice The Motives And Sacrifices Of Those Americans Who Chose To Adhere To British Allegiance When The 13 Colonies Declared Themselves Independent States. That The Great Majority Of The Loyal Ists, Or Atories," As They Were Called ...

Loyola University
Loyola University, Chicago, Ill., Saint Ignatius College, The Arts Department Of Loyola University, Was Founded In 1869 In Chicago By The Rev. Arnold Damen, S.j., And Fellow-priests Of The Religious Order Of The Society Of Jesus, Or Jesuits. It Is The Oldest And Largest Catholic Institution Of Higher Learn Ing ...