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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 14

Oedenburg
Oedenburg, A Royal Free City Of Hungary. See Odenburg. Cedripus (lat.. From Gk. Olcli7rovc, Oidi Pous, Oidipodps: According To The Pop Ular Etymology From Owezc Oid,in, To Swell + Pouts, Foot). The Hero Of One Of The Most Famous Theban Legends. The Story Was Certainly Told In The Early Epics, ...

Offering As
Offering (as. Offrung, Ofrung, From Of Frian. From Lat. Offerrc, To Offer, From Ob, Toward, Before + Fore, To Bear; Connected With Gk. Tp4et2r, Pherein, Skt. Bhar, Goth. Bairan, Ohg., As. Tenon, Eng. Bear). .a Term Primarily Ap Plied To The Different Forms Of Sacrifices In The Hebrew Ritual. Offerings ...

Office Of
Office (of., Fr. Officicr, From Nl. Officio Rsus, Officer, Froin Lat. Officials!, Office, From Upi Jieium, Performance Of Work, From Opifes, Work Man, From Opus, Work + Facere, To Do). In Gen Eral, A Service Or Authority Of A Public Or Character. In Practice The Term Is Usually Limited To ...

Officer
Officer. In A Genera] Sense, A Person Who Holds An Office, Or Who Is Vested With Authority To Perform Certain Functions Or Do Certain Acts In The Interest Of, Or In And About The Management Or Direction Of, A Business Or 0 Government. As Respects A Private Business The Term ...

Oflaherty
O'flaherty, Ronetno (1629 171s). An Irish Born In \loy Rullen Galway. Ile Was Educated In His Native County, Made A Special Study Of Irish His Tory And Literature, And Published The Results In Fa, Set/ Rerum Ilibernica )14 M Chronohlgia The First Schohrly Work On The Subject To React: England. ...

Ogden
Og'den. A City And The County-seat Of Weber County, Vtah. :17 Miles North Of Salt Lake City: At The Confluence Of The And Weller Rivers, And On The Pacific. Southern Pacifie, Short Line. Ogden And North Western, And Rio Grande Western Railroads (slap: Utah, B I). It Is The Seat ...

Ogdensburg
Og'densburg. A City And Port Of Entry In Saint Lawrence County, N. V., 142 Miles North By East Of Syracuse. It Is On The Saint Lawrence River. At Its Confluence With The Oswegatchie, And Opposite Prescott, Ont., With Which It Is Connected By Steam Ferry, And On The New York ...

Ohio
Ohi'o ( Corruption Of Iroquois Ohionhiio, Beautiful River), Popularly Called The 'buckeye State.' A North Central State Of The United States, Lying Between 3s° 27' And 41° 57° North Latitude, And Between So° 34' And S4° 49' West Longitude. It Is Bounded On The North By Michi Gan And Lake ...

Ohio Company
Ohio Company. In .1merican History, The Name Applied To Two Companies Organized For The Purpose Of Exploiting And Making Settlements In The Ohio Valley. The First Was An Association Of Prominent Virginia Planters And Some London Merchants. And Was Organized In 1749. It Re Ceived From George Ii. A Grant ...

Ohio River
Ohio River. The Most Important Affluent Of The Mississippi River In Point Of The Amount Of Commerce, And The Longest Tributary Excepting The (slap: United States, .1 3). It Is Formed By The Junction At Pittsburg Of The Alle Gheny And Monom)nhela Rivers, And Is Navigable, Excepting At The Lower ...

Ohio State University
Ohio State University. A Coeduca Tional State Institution At Colundms, Ohio, Founded In 1870 As The Ohio Agricultural And Mechanical College, And Opened In 187:1. The Present Name Was Assumed In 1s78. The Original Endowment Provided By The Land Act Of 1802 Has Been Supplemented By A Permanent Annual Grant ...

Oidium
Oidium, Nyi4vrnnw (nvo-lat., From Gk. Lbov, Son, Egg). The Conidial Form Of Certain Ery Sipheie, An Important Family Of Minute Fungi Growing On Animal And Vegetable Substances. The Species Of Oldham Consist Of Tiny Tubular White Or Bright Colored Threads, Forming Flocks, Simple Or Irregularly Branched, Assuming, In Their Upper ...

Oil City
Oil City. City In V'enango Pa.. 132 Miles North By East Of Pittsburg; On The _\11egheny {liver. At The Ninth Of Oil L'reek, And On The Erie. The Pen Nsylvania. And The Lake Shore And .nliehigan Southern Railroads Pennsylvania. P. 2). There Arc' Several Bridges Within The Munieipal Limits, And ...

Oils Of
Oils (of. Oily, Ole, Vile, Fr. Hui/c, From Lat. (ileum, Oil, From Gk. Aamv, Cla(on, Oil, Olive Oil, From I2eia, Elaia, Olive Tree). A Term Applied To A Large Number Of Liquids Characterized By Being Insoluble In Water And Being Highly Viscous. Their 'greasy Feeling' Often Mentioned As An Additional ...

Okeefe
O'keefe, Tckef'. Jour 1747-1833). An Irish Playwright And Actor. Ile Was Born In Dub Lin, And In His Youth Studied Painting, But He Be Gan Writing Comedies At The Age Of Fifteen. A Few Year. Later He Joined A Theatrical Company In His Native City. :id Wrote Meanwhile A Number ...

Okelly
O'kelly, James (e.)757-1826). A Pioneer Preacher Of The Methodist Episcopal Church And Leader Of The First Secession From It. Ile Was 1.111 Ill 111'1;111d About 1757, Entice To ,america, And In 1778 Hegan Work As A Traveling, Preacher. Ile Was Among The Munher Who Were Ordained Elders Al The Organization ...

Oklahoma
Oklahoma, R,k'in-h,1ma. A Territory Of The United States. Lying In The South Central Division Between 34° And 37 North Latitude, And Between 90' And 103° West Longitude. It Is Bounded On The North By Colorado And Kansas, On The East By Indian Territory, On The South By The Last And ...

Olbers
Olbers, Ty6ors, Heinrich Wilhelm Mat Thxus (175s-1840). A German Physician And Astronomer, Born At Arbergen, A Small Village Near Bremen. Ile Studied Medicine At G;?ttingen From 1777 Till 1750, And Subsequently Com Menced To Practice At Bremen. After 1779 All The Leisure Time That He Could Spare From Professional Occupations ...

Old Age Pensions
Old Age Pensions. Allowances Paid To The Aged Workman Either By The Government Or By The Employer. The Term Is Commonly Extended So As To Include Allowances From A Fund To Which The Recipient Has Contributed, But Which Is De Rived Only Partially From Such Contributions. Old Age Pensions Are ...

Old Catholics
Old Catholics. A Religious Communion, Found In Germany And Switzerland, Which Owed Its Origin To Certain Boman Catholics Who Refused To Accept The Dogma Of Infallibility Passed By The Vatican Council (q.v.), Duly Is, 1570. Before The Council Assembled It Was Known That Snob A Dogma Would Be Discussed, And ...

Old Church Slavic Language
Old Church Slavic Language And Literature. The Oldest Language And Literature Of The Slavic Group Of Ludo Germanic Languages, Presenting One Of The Most Important Dialects For The Study Of Compara Tive Iinguisties. (sec Philology.) Formerly Called Old Slovenian, And Even Now Frequently Termed Old Bulgarian.' The Best Name Seems ...

Old Persian
Old Persian. The Ancient Iranian Lan Guage Of Persia. Its Entire Granmmtieal Struc Ture Is Closely Akin To Avesta (q.v.). The In Adequaey Of The Alphabet In Which It Is Written (see Turrions) And The Ness Of The Remnant, Of The Language, However, Prevent A Complete Knowledge Either Of Its ...

Old Prussian Language
Old Prussian Language. An Ex Tinct Member Of The Baltic Group Of Indo4;er Manic Langnages Which Ova; Spokvu Until The Seventeenth Century In Prussia. The Remnants Of The Lan?duage Ate Very Scanty, And Are Too Meagre To Permit A Reennstruetion Of The Gram Mar. The Old Prussian Fragments Consist Of ...

Oldenburg
Oldenburg. 11-11rtc. Grand Duchy Of The 1:19111:111 1.11111111nell 14 The Diteliv Of 1)1(14911,111'g And The Two Principalities Of Biri:en Fel,' (q.v.) And Liiheek. The Dimity Of Olden Burg. Which Constitutes The Hulk Of The State. Is Hounded By Thy North Lea 11n The Mirth, By The Prussian Pt-mince Of Ilanover ...

Oleomargarine
Oleomargarine, 6v-6-mar/pa-tin (from Lat. Oh-um. Oil. Eng. No/rya/inf., From Lat. »itt R T (1. From Gk. Pop; Api 7,/c, M Rya R I I Cs, Pearl, From Pitiryapoc, Ieirgal'os, Pea Rl -oyster Butter, Or Bu 'item?: E. An Artificial Or Manufactured Substitute For Dairy Butter, Made From And Other Fatty ...

Oliphant
Oliphant, Olti-fant. Laurence ( 1 S29 -s5 ) An English Author And Traveler, Son Of Sir Anthony Oliphant. He Was Born At Cape Town In 1629. Laurence Oliphant Passed His Early Boyhood In England, But In 1841 He Went To Ceylon, Where His Father Was Chief Justice; Trav Eled With ...

Oliphant_2
Oliphant, Sirs. Margaret (born Wilson) ( 1828-97). An English Novelist And Now, Writer, Born In Wallyford, Near _mussel Burgh, Infidlothian, Scotland, April 4, 1828. In 1852 She Married Her Cousin, Francis Oliphant, Who Died At Rome In 18.50, Leaving Her Penniless With Three Children To Support. Already Favor Ably Known ...

Olive
Olive (lat. Olira, From Ok. Clain, Olive). A Plant Of Great Economic Value Which Has Been In Cultivation From Prehistoric Times, Belonging To The Genus Olen. Of Which There Are Some 30 Species. The Cultivated Sorts Originated From Olga Europro. The Nativity Of The Olive Is Accredited To Southern Europe ...

Oliver Perry 1823 7
Morton, Oliver Perry ( 1 823-7 7) . An American Political Leader, Best Known As The `war Governor' Of Indiana. He Was Born In Salisbury, Wayne County, Ind., August 4, 1823, Attended The Wayne County Seminary, Spent Two Years At Miami University, Studied Law, And In 1847 Was Admitted To ...

Ollivier
Ollivier, 61(vvyiv, Emile A French Statesman. He Was Born At Marseilles, And Studied There For The Bar. Ledru-rollin Made Him Commissary General At Marseilles In 1848, And C'avaignae Appointed Him Prefect Of The De Partment Of The Next Year. He Soon Resumed His Law Practice. However, And Was Elected To ...

Olney
Olney, Lnclimut (1535-1. An \ Merlean Politician, Born In Oxford, Mass. Ile Graduated At Brown University In 1s56, Studied Law In Harvard Law School, Was Admitted To The Boston Bar In 1859, And Immediately Became Associated With Judge Benjamin F. Thomas, Whose Daughter He Married In 1861. Olney Rose Rapidly ...

Olonetz
Olonetz, Fi-ln'nyats. A Northern Govern Ment Of Russia, Bounded By The Government Of Archangel On The North, By Vologda On The East. By Novgorod On The South, And By Finland On The West (map: Russia, D 2). Area, About 57, 500 Square Miles. The Northwestern Part Be Longs Orographically And ...

Olympia
Olympia (lat., Front Gk. The Scene Of The Celebrated Olympic Games. Held Every Four Years By The Greeks. It Was Situated In The Pisatis, The Southeastern District Of Elis, At The Junction Of The With The Al Pheus. It Was Never A Town, But Only A Sanctu Ary With The ...

Olympiad
Olympiad (from Gk. Oxiy.unds, Olympias, From 'oxiiarta, Filympia. Olympia). The Period Of Four Years That Elapsed Between Two Successive Celebrations Of The Olympic Games (q.v.). The Use Of Olympiads As A Convenient System Of Chronological Reckoning Among The Greeks Was Of Comparatively Late Date. Tinneus (c.300 N.c.) Seems To Have ...

Olympias
Olym'pias (lat., Front Gk. 'oxyarvisl. The Wife Of Phil Ip 1l, King Of Macedonia. Daughter Of Neoptolemus I., King Of Epirus, And Mother Of Alexander The Great. She Was Married To Philip In N.e. 359. When Philip, After Neglecting Her, Separated From Her And Married Cleopatra, Niece Of Attains (n.e. ...

Olympic Games
Olympic Games. The Most Famous Of The Four Great National Festivals Of The Greeks. They Were Celebrated In The Sanctuary Of Zeus At Olympia (q.v.) Every Four Years. Mit, Owing To The Fluctuations Of The Greek Lunar Calendar. The Time Varied From The Beginning Of August To The Middle Of ...

Olynthus
Olyn'thus I Lat., From Ilk. 0\ittios, 0/y11 /hos A Oreek City Ill Chalcidice Lq.v.), At The Northern End Of The Toronate Cull'. It Was One Of The Numerous Colonies Sent Out There By The Chalcidians And Eretrians Of Enbuca. In The Autumn Of D.c. 480 It Was Sacked By Artahazus. ...

Omagua
Omagua, T.-mii'gwa. Or Cmmeva. A Famous And Powerful Tribe Of Tupian Stock (q.v.), Formerly Centring Chiefly About The :maranon (amazon) From The Javary To The Ica, On The Perullrazil Frontier. But Now Mostly Retired To The Headwaters Of The Yapura And L'aupes. South Eastern Colombia. Both Names Signify 'flat Heads,' ...

Omaha
Omaha. The Largest City Of Nebraska And The County-seat Of Douglas County, 492 Miles West By South Of Chicago. 111.; On The Missouri River, Opposite Council Bluffs. Iowa, And On The Burlington Route, The Chicago, Milwaukee And Saint Paul, The Chicago, Rock Island And Pa Cific, The Chicago, Saint Paul. ...

Oman
Oman, An Independent Sultanate Occupying The Southeastern End Of The Peninsula Of Arabia. It Reaches Along The Persian Gulf, The Gulf Of Oman. And The Arabian Sea From El Hasa To The Hadramaut Region (map: Asia. F 6). The Area Is About 80,000 Square Miles. The Boundaries In The Interior ...

Omayyads Ommiads
Ommiads, Omayyads, Or Ommeyades. A Dynasty Deriving Its Name Front An Ancestor, Onmyya (arabie Rtnuiyah) Which .-meemsleil To The Arabian Caliphate On The Death Of Ali. The Fourth Caliph And Possessed It Till Superseded By The .;\ Bbassides (q.v.) In 750. Mortwiyah (q.v.), The Founder Of The Dynasty, Was The ...

Ombos
Om'bos (gk. "012,301. (maki). An Ancient Egyptian Town On The Eastern Hank Of The Nile In Latitude 24° 28' N., About Ten Miles South Of The Jebel Silsileh. The Site. Which Has Long Been Uninhabited, Hears The Modern Arabic Name F Ktuin Onib5, 'the Hill Of (bubo.' The Top Of ...

Omens
Omens (lat. Onion. Mtt. Osmen, Prognostic. From Os, Mouth: Connected With Auris, Ak. Ors, Ons, Lin]. Nusir, Ochurch Slay. ?who, (loth. 0056, As. Marc, Eng. Ear), Events Supposed To Presage A Future Event. From Prehistoric Time It Has Been A Universal Belief That Any Im Portant Occurrence Is Preceded By ...

Origin Muscular Force
Muscular Force, Origin Or. This Sub Ject Has Occupied The Attention Of Physiologists For Many Years. And Numerous Theories Have Been Offered To Explain The Phenomena Of Muscular Energy. The Older Observers. Represented By Liebig. Held That Nitrogenous Food Went To Build Up And Maintain Muscular Tissue And That Energy ...

Orjections To Natural Selection
Orjec'tions To Natural Selection. The Ob Jections Now Being Urged To The Special Doctrine 14 Natural Selection Are That, (1) To Use Herbert Spencer's Words, It Is 'inadequate': (2) The Fa Vorable Variation May He Destroyed By The Swamping Effects Of Crossing; (3) Natural Selec Tion Is Not Analogous To ...

Orson Desaix Munn
Munn, Orson Desaix (1824— ). An Ameri Can Journalist And Lawyer, Born In Hampden County, Mass. Ile Was Educated At The Mon Son Academy. In 1846, In Conjunction With Al Fred E. Beach, Lie Bought The Scientific Ameri Can, Which Had Been Founded Six Months Be Fore. In 1876 He ...

Other Eeropean Systems
Other Eeropean Systems. The Systems Already Described Offer Ex Amples That Are Typical Of The Edueation In Other European States. In Sweden. Elemen Tary And Seemulary Schools Fire By State Subsidies And Local Taxes. Many Schools And Universities Have In Addition To Such Support The Income From Endowments. Con Trol ...

Pavements And Decoration
Pavements And Decoration. Meanwhile The Media-val Mosakists Had Been Executing Pave Ments Far More Beautiful Than Any Geometric Floors Of Antiquity. The Byzantine School, As 11511a 1, Took The Lead, And The Exquisite Designs And Coloring Of The Pavements Of San Marco And The Toreello Cathedral At Venice Are But ...

Perception Of Movement
Movement, Perception Of. Psyehologie Ally A Movement Is A Consciousness Of A Con Tinuous Change Of Position. It Is An Idea Which Is Intimately Hound Up With Notions Of Space And Time, Or, To Speak More Strictly, It Is An Idea Which, From The Point Of View Of System. Must ...

Peripheral Terniinations Of Spinal
Peripheral Terniinations Of Spinal Nerves,. The Modes Of Terminations Of These Processes Are Extremely Varied And Complicated. The Termina Tions Are Always 'free' In The Sense That While Possibly Sometimes Penetrating Cells, They Are Never Directly Continuous With Their Protoplasm. The Motor Nerve Fibres End In Voluntary And In Voluntary ...

Physiology
Physiology. Reproductive Activity, Including The Functions Of Menstruation, Conception. Gesta Tion, Parturition, And Lactation. Is Limited In The Female To A Period Of Life Beginning At About The Twelfth Year And Ending About The Forty Fifth. These Limits Vary By A Few Years. Accord Ing To Climate. An Earlier Maturity ...

Political Condition
Political Condition. After The Close Of The Civil War, The Negroes, Under The Leadership Of A Certain Class Of Whites, Practically Controlled The Government Of Many Of The Southern States. (see Reconstruction.) Their Ignorance And Lack Of Political Training Rendered Them Ineapa Ble Of Exercising Political Power Wisely, And They ...

Populatio
Populatio. The Returns Of The Population For 1591 And 1901 Were Respectively 450.396 And 459.57 T. .nearly All Of The Inhabitants Are Of British Origin, The :scotch Being In The Majority.. There Is Not So Much Unoccupied Territory As In The Other Provinces (excepting Prince Edward Island), And The Density ...

Population
Population. The Falling Off In The Mining Industry Of The State, And Failure To Develop In Other Directions, Have Resulted In A Diminution Of The Population. It Now Has The Fewest In Habitants Of Any State, And Is The Only One In Which A Decrease Is Taking Place. The Following ...

Population
Population. Greater New York Has About Twice The Population Of Any Other American City, And Is Exceeded Only By London Among The Cities Of The World. This Has Come About Almost Wholly In The Nineteenth Eentnry. During Which Time The City Grew At A Rate Never Equaled. In The Colonial ...

Population_2
Population. The Following Figures Show The Growth Of The Population: 1s00. 45.365; 1s20, 581.295; 1840. 1,519.467; 1s60, 2,339.511; 1870, 2.665,260; 1880, 3,198,062: 1890, 3,672.316; 1900, 4,157.545. From Eighteenth In Rank In 1800 Ohio Rapidly Advanced To Third In 1840, Which Position It Held Until Surpassed By Illinois In 1890, Since ...

Prussia
Prussia. 'rile School System Of Prussia May Be Divided Into Three Departments. Elementary. Secondary. And Higher. The Elementary System Is Designed To Educate Children Of The Lower Classes Whose School Training Is Completed With Them. The Secondary Schools Are Intended To Prepare Pupils For The Universities Or Professional Sehools. Which ...

Or Chippewa Ojibwa
Ojib'wa, Or Chippewa. The Largest And Most Important Tribe Of The Algonquian Stock (q.v.), Tormerly Holding Nil Extensive Territory About The Upper Oreat Lakes, In Michigan, Min Nesota, Ontario, Manitoba, And Adjacent Regions, And Now Gathered Upon A Number Of Reservations Within The Same Area. The Name Is From A ...

Or Maisur Mysore
Mysore, Or Maisur, Nii-s7tr'. A Native State Of Southern India, Bounded On The Cast, South, And West By Madras, On The South West Also By (non!. And On The North By Bom Bay And Tmap: India, G 0). Area, 27.930 Square Miles. The Country Consists Of A Plateau Front 2000 ...

Or Mongoose Miingoos
Miingoos, Or Mongoose (telugp Ma N 91,50. The Nningoos (ilerpestes Griseus) Is A Species Of Ichneumon (q.v.), A Native Of India, But Introduced Into Other Countries, Notably Jamaica, For The Purpose Of Destroying Rats And Other Vermin, Upon Which It Feeds. In India It Is Often Kept About The Houses ...

Or Mooltan Multan
Multan, Or Mooltan, The Capital Of A District Of The Punjab, British India, 190 Miles Southwest Of Lahore. And 4 Miles From The Left Hank Of The Chenab. The Inundations Of Which Sometimes Reach The City (map: India, 11 2). It Possesses Railway Communication With All The Principal Cities Of ...

Or Moray Murray
Murray, Or Moray, James Stuart, Earl Of A Scotch Statesman. Ile Was The Natural Son Of Dames V., Of Scotland. And Half-brother Of Mary, Queen Of Scots. Des Tined For An Eeelesiast Iva I Life, He Was Educated From 1541 To 1544 At Saint Andrews, Awl Early Received Ecclesiastical Benefices. ...

Or Mormons
Mormons, Or More Properly The Cnuacu Or Jesus Christ Of Latter-day Saints. A Religious Sect Of The United States. The Early History Of The Mormons Is That Of Their Founder, Joseph Smith. .i R.. Who Was Born At Sharon, Windsor County, Vt., December 23, 1805. Ac Cording To Contemporary Anti-mormon ...

Or Morphia Morphine
Morphine, Or Morphia (from Lat. Ilorphrils, God Of Ikrea Ins ) , The Most Important Of The Eighteen Alkaloids Exist Ing In Opium. Of Which It Constitutes One-eighth To One-sixteenth By Weight. Ii Was First Isolated In 1816 By Sertiirner, A (+enlist Of Hanover. It Occurs In Combination With Nuteonie ...

Or Mosquito Coast
Mosquito Coast, Or Mosqurrf.k. The Strip Of Territory Inhabited By The Mosquito In Dians On The Eastern Coast Of Central America, Stretc•hieg Along The Caribbean Sea Front About Latitude Iii 3(1' N. To Latitude And Extending About Io Miles Inland (map: Central America, . 1 T Is Notalhlr' Chiefly For ...

Or Mud Dauber Mud Wasp
Mud-wasp, Or Mud-dauber. Any One Of A Group Of Wasps Belonging To The Old Genus Pe Lop:eus. Now Seeliphron. They Build Nests Of Mud In Sheltered Places, Choo.ing The Cracks Of A Barn Or Fence Or Some Sheltered Place Under The Eaves Of Any Wooden Building. Entering Also Dis Used ...

Or Municipal Cor Poration
Municipality, Or Municipal Cor Poration. A Town Or City Possessed Of Cer Tain Privileges Of Local Self-government; Also The Governing Innly In Such A Town. Municipal In Stitutions Date Back To The Roman Empire. The Provincial Towns Of Italy, Though Subjected To The Rule Of A Roman Official, Were Allowed ...

Or Musical Drama
Musical Drama, Or :1iusirdrama. A Term Now Generally Employed To Distinguish The Later Works Of Wagner (tristan Und Ysolcle- Die Meistersinger, Die Yibelungen, Parsifal) From His Earlier Ones, Or Operas (rienzi, Der Fliegende Hollander, Tannh-ruser, Lohengrin). Of A Musico Dramatic Work Wagner Demands That The Literary Drama Be The First ...

Or Musk Deer Of
Musk, Or Musk Deer (of., Fr. Muse, From Lat. Niuseus, Front Gk. Mosehos, From Ar., Pers. Musk, Musk, From Skt. Testicle, Mouse, From To Steal). An Aber Rant Deer Of The Subfamily Moschime, Which Dif Fers From Ordinary Deer In The Lack Of Antlers; In The Possession By The Male ...

Or Nawajo Navaho
Navaho, Or Nawajo, Sp. Peon. An Important Tribe Of Athapascan Stock (q.v.). Their Prescnt Reservation In Ari Zona And Extending Into New• :mexico And Ptah Comprises Nearly Ten Million Acres, But It Is Almost Entirely An Arid Desert Of Sand And Rock, Unfit For Any Purpose Except Scanty Grazing. Like ...

Or Neufchatel Neuchatel
Neuchatel, Or Neufchatel, Nivsha' Tal' (ger. Neuenburg). A Western Canton Of Switzerland. Bounded On The North By The Canton Of Bern, On The East By The Canton Of Bern And The Lake Of Neuchatel, On The South By The Can Ton Of Vaud, And On The West By The French ...

Or Niger
Niger, Or Jothna. The Third Largest River Of Africa (map: Africa. D 3). It Has No Single Native Name. It Is Generally Known, However, As The Doliba In The Upper Course. The Lssa And Alayn In The Middle, And The Kwara (quorra) In The Lower Course. The Niger Rises On ...

Or Niger Territories Nigeria
Nige'ria, Or Niger Territories. A British.. Colonial Possession In Africa, Organized In 1900. It Occupies The Territory Between The Military Territories Of French Sudan, Lake Chad, The Th•rinan Possession Of Namerun. The Gulf Of (;ninea. The British Colony Of Lagos, And The French Possession If Dahomey I Map: Africa, E ...

Or Nipal Nepal
Nepal, Or Nipal. An Independent State On The Southern Slope Of The Himalayas, Bordering On Northern India (map; India. 1) 3). It Is Bounded By Tibet On The North, By The Native State Of Sikhim And Bengal On The East. Mid By Bongal And The United Provinces Of Agra And ...

Or Nome Nomarchy
Nomarchy, Or Nome. The Largest Ad Ministrative Division Of Greece. Since 1899 The Nomarehies Have Numbered Twenty-six. They Are Subdivided Into Eparchies, Which In Turn Are Made Up Of The Administration Of Is In The Hands Of A Nomarch, Ap Pointed By The Government For An Indefinite Term. This Duties ...

Or North Sea
North Sea, Or Genxtan Ocean Mat. Ger Mare, R. Nord Sec, Dan. L'esterh«ret, West Sea ). That Part Of The Atlantic Between The Eastern Eoast Of Great Britain And The Conti Nent Of Europe (map: Europe, I) 3). It Is Pear Shaped In General Outline, With A Wide Opening Northward ...

Or Novgorod
Novgorod, Or Novconon-veliki, (great Novgorod). One Of The Oldest And Most Celebrated Cities Of Russia, Capital Of The Govern Ment Of The Same Name. Situated On Both Banks Of The Volkhov, About Two Miles From Lake Llmen And 120 Miles South Of Saint Petersburg (map: Russia. D 3). It Is ...

Or Odovacer Odoacer
Od'oa'cer, Or Od'ova'cer ( ?-493). Ruler Of Italy From 476 To 493. He Was The Son Of -.uhl), A Noble Of The Race Of The Seyrii, And Saw His First Military Service Probably In The Army Of Father Of The Young Romulus Angus Tutus. Last Emperor Of The West. Odommeer ...

Or Olives
Olives, Or (also Called Mount Oli Vet). The Mountain East Of Jerusalem, Separated From The City By The Kidnin Vnlley. It Is, Properly Speaking, But One Of A Range Of Hills Which Starts Out From The Central Highland About Two Miles North Of Jerllsa Lent. Just North Of The City ...