Home >> New International Encyclopedia, Volume 16 >> Absorption Process to Equity Procedure

New International Encyclopedia, Volume 16

Absorption Process
Absorption Process. The Absorption Process Of Refrigeration Was Invented By Ferdinand Cane About The Year 1850. It Is Founded Upon The Fact Of The Great Capacity Possessed By Water For Ab Sorbing A Number Of Vapors Having No Boiling Points, And Of Their Being Readily Separable There From Again By ...

Accent
Accent. In Nearly All Languages Words Are Pronounced With An Accent, Or Distinguishing Stress, Upon One Syllable Or More. In Most Of The Modern Languages Of Civilized Races This Accent Is Essentially Like That Of English, Espe Cially In The Teutonic Languages; But In None Of The Languages Is The ...

Acquisition And
Acquisition And Loss Of Possession. In Order To Acquire Legal Possession A Much More Complete Control Must He Established When The Thing Seized Was Not Previously In Any One's Pos Session (as In The Capture Of Wild Animals. Birds, And Fishes), Or When The Thing Is Taken Without The Consent ...

Admiralty Rocedure
Admiralty 'rocedure. Procedure In Admi Ralty Was Founded Upon The Civil In Av And Corre Sponds In Many Particulars To The Equity System. It Was Much More Simple And Expeditious Than The Procedure Of The Common-law Courts. It Was Adapted To Proceedings Either In Or In Per Sonain, And, Indeed. ...

Affective Processes
Affective Processes. Under This Heading, We Must Give A Brief General Account Of The Graphic Method. The Essentials Of The Method Are Three In Number. We Must Have 1 I A Recording Surface. On Which The Curve Is To Be Traced. This Generally Takes The Form Of A Brass Drum, ...

Agriculture
Agriculture. The Surface Of The Country, Ac Cording To The Uses Made Of It, May Be Thus Di Vided: Agriculture And Gardening, 22.4 Per Cent. Of The Total Area; The Vine, 2.2: Pasturage And Hay. 26.7; Woodland, 2.9: Unproductive, 45.8. The Result Is That The Food Requirements Of The Scanty ...

Agriculture
Agriculture. Prussia Is The Most Important Agricultural State Of The German Empire. Eon Thining About Two-thirds Of The Entire Cultivable Area. In 1895 The Number Of Acres Under Cultivation Was 70.344.953. Though Germany Is One Of The European Countries In Which Most Of The Agricultural Holdings Are Divided Among Small ...

Alexander 1688 1744 Pope
Pope, Alexander (1688-1744). An English Poet. Born In London, Nay 21, 1088. His Father. A Linen Draper, Withdrew From Business About 1700, And Settled At Binfield, In Windsor Forest; In 1716 He Moved To Chiswick On The Thames, Near London. The Poet's Mother Was Edith Turner, Who Belonged To A ...

Alfred Ciiarles 1806 86 Post
Post, Alfred Ciiarles (1806-86). An Emi Nent American Surgeon. Born In New York City, Where He Passed All Of His Life With The Exception Of A Few Years, Dr. Post Graduated At Co Lumbia College In 1822, And From The College Of Physicians And Surgeons. New York City. In 1827; ...

Allan 1819 S4 Pinkerton
Pink'erton, Allan ( 1819-s4). A Seot Tish-ameriean Detective, Born In Glasgow. Scot Land. In 1s-12 He Emigrated To America To Escape Punishment For His Part In The Chartist Move Ment. And Soon Afterwards Settled In Chicago, Where He Opened A Detective Ageney. Before The Outbreak Of The Civil War Lie ...

American Protective Association
Protective Association, American. A Secret Organization, Commonly Known As The A. P. A., Which Was Formed In The United States To Combat The Influence Of Roman Catholicism. Its Platform. As Published By A Supreme Council Held At Des Moines, Iowa, In May, 1894, Stated That "subjection To And Support Of ...

Andrea
Andrea, Count (1764-1842), A Diplomat In The Russian Service. He Was Born At Alata Corsica, March 8, 1764, And Studied Law At The University Of Pisa. He Practised As An Advocate In Corsica.and Won A High Reputation For Acuteness And Eloquence. He Was On Terms Of Somewhat Intimate Friend Ship ...

Andrew Horatio 1807 64reeder
Reed'er, Andrew Horatio ( 1807-64). The First Governor Of Kansas Territory. Ile Was Born At Easton, Pa.; Was Educated At Lawrenceville, N. J., Studied Law, And Practiced With Great Suc Cess At Easton. He Became Influential In The Democratic. L'arty And In 1854 Was Appointed Gov Ernor Of The New ...

Andrew Michael Ramsay
Ramsay, Andrew Michael ( ) . A Scotehman Who Became A Roman Catholic In France, Where He Was Known As The Chevalier De Ramsay. He Was Born At Ayr. The On Of A Baker, Studied At The University Of Edinburgh. And Became A Tutor In A Nobleman's Family. Being Preoccupied ...

Angelo
Angelo ; And Fra Bartolommeo Had Just Returned To The Brush With New Designs And Am Bitions In Art. The Youthful Raphael Studied The Frescoes Of Masaccio In The Brancacci Chapel, Whose "adam And Eve" We Recognize In His Own Vatican Frescoes, And The Sculpture Of Donatello, As May Be ...

Animal Grafting
Animal Grafting. Although This Subject Is Not One Of Practical Importance As Regards Ani Mals, It Is A Matter Of Interest Eonnected With The Regeneration Of The Grafted Parts, And In The Case Of The Lower Animals May Lead, If Portions Of Different Species Or Genera Are Grafted Upon Each ...

Ann 1764 1823 Radcliffe
Radcliffe, Ann (1764-1823). An English Romancer, Born In London, July 9, 1764. Her Maiden Name Was Ward. In Her Twenty-third Year She Married William Radcliffe, A Student Of The Law, Afterwards Editor And Proprietor Of The English Chronicle. The Group Of Romances By Which She Became Famous Comprise: The Castles ...

Antarctic Explorations
Antarctic Explorations. Proetieally Without Land Fauna Or Flora, Unin Habited. And Far From Adventurous Nat. The Antaretie Circle Is Rarely Visited. James Cook 11773-1774) Circumnavigated This Ocean. Entered The Antarctic C'irc'le At Four Widely Separated Points, And Reached 71° 10' S.. 107° Nv. There Are Three Recognized Routes Of Exploration ...

Antonio 1429 98
Antonio ( 1429-98 ) ,:end Pi Krim I 1443.91i ) Italian Art Of The Florentine Naturalistic School (early Re Naissanee). Antonio, The Elder, Goldsmith And Painter, Was Born In Florence In 1429. Antonio Became Celebrated As A Niellist Rind Metal-worker. The Paneled Decoration For The Altar Of San Gio Vanni ...

Arthur Wing Pinero
Pinero, Arthur Wing (1855—). An English Dramatist. He Was Born In London, Slay 24, 1855, Of Jewish Ancestry On His Father's Side. He Began His Studies With A View• To The Practice Of Law, Which He Abandoned, However, And Made His Appearance As An :tutor At Edin Burgh In 1874. ...

Astronomical Refraction
Refraction, Astronomical. The Effect Of Refraction In The Appearance Of The Heavenly Bodies Is To Make Them Appear Higher In The Sky. Thus Refraction Increases The Altitude, But It Does Not Alter The Azimuth. In The Figure S Is The True Position Of The Star, And S' The Apparent. The ...

Austria Hungary
Austria-hungary. The Strong National Feel Ing On The Part Of Different Peoples Embraced In The Dual Monarchy And The Peculiar Constitution Of The Empire Have Aligned Parties Chiefly Upon Race Lines. In Cisleithania Are The Germans, Con Stituting Roughly One-tnird Of The Population; The Bohemians Or Czechs, Not Quite One-fourth; ...

Bahl
Bahl, Riil, Karl (1812-65). An Austrian Historical And Portrait Painter, Born In Vienna, Son Of The Engraver Karl Heinrich Rahl (1779 1843). First Instructed By His Father, He Entered The Vienna Academy In 1827, Won A Prize In 1831 With "david In The Cave Of Adu Went To Munich And ...

Balkan States
Balkan States. In The Balkan States—bul Garia, Rumania, And Servia—pro-bussian And Anti-russian Sentiment Has Had A Principal Share In The Alignment Of Parties, Especially In Bulgaria. In Bulgaria. Before The Union With Eastern Rumelia (1885), There Were Radicals, Who Demanded Union, And Conservatives, Who Were Satisfied With The Existing After ...

Bask
Bask, Rack. Rasmus Kristian (1787-1832). A Danish Philologist. He Was Born At Brende Kilde, Near Odense, In The Island Of Fiinen: Stud Ied At Copenhagen, And In 1805 Published His First Work, An Introduction To The Icelandic Lan Guage. In 1813 He Went To Iceland. Where He Lived For Two ...

Battle Of Princeton
Princeton, Battle Of. A Battle Of The American Revolution, Fought January 3, 1777, At Princeton, N. J., Between An American Force Un Der General Washington And An Inferior British Force Under Colonel Mawhood And General Leslie. On January 2d Cornwallis With About S000 Men Took Up A Position On The ...

Beginnings Of The Reformation
Beginnings Of The Reformation. The Ref Ormation Is Dated From The Year 1517, When Mar Tin Luther (q.v.) Challenged The Papal Authority In His Famous Ninety-five Theses, But Its True Meaning Is To Be Found By Referring To Great Cur Rents Of Thought And Action That Through The Mid Dle ...

Belt
Belt.) If Two Cylinders Mounted On Parallel Shafts Are Set So Far Away From Each Other That Their Surfaces Do Not Touch, One May Be From The Other By Encircling Both With An Endless• Flat Belt Of Flexible Material. The Driving Power From The Motor Shaft Is Transmitted To The ...

Benjamin Perley 1820 67 Poore
Poore, Benjamin Perley (1820-67). An .american Journalist, Born Near Newbury-po•t, Mass. His Father Sent Him To A Military School To Prepare For Admission To West Point, But Lie Ran Away And Apprenticed Himself To A Printer. At The Expiration Of His Service His Father Bought For Him The Southern 'whig, ...

Bering Strait
Bering Strait. This Was The Last Attemph•d Route For Polar Exploration, But The Results Of Expedition.• That Proceeded Via Bering Strait Are By No Means Unimportant. V. Bering's Voyage Of 1725 Added Nothing To The Diseoveries Of Desloneff In 11148. The Great English Navigator Jame, Cook Attained In 1778 70' ...

Bibliograpdy
Bibliograpdy. Toppen, Ist Orisch-hom Parrs T Re Ileopraphir Ron Preussen (gotha, Ism) ; Engel, Land And Leute Des Preussisehen Shades (berlin. 1863) : Hillebrand. La Prussc Contemporaine Et .sex Institutions (paris, 1867): Open, Die Flohenbestimmungen Der Koniglich Preus Simehen Landesaufnahme (berlin, 1875-85) ; Weber, Preussen Ror 500 Jahren In Kulturhis ...

Bibliography
Bibliography. A Very Great Number Of Books Have Been Devoted To The General Subject Of Ceramic Art. But None Of These Can Be Said To Treat Merely Of The Rough Wares That Are Not To Be Classified As Faience, Majolica, Porcelain. And The Like. The Bibliographies Given Under All The ...

Bibliography W
Bibliography. W. Stephen, History Of The Scottish Church (2 Vols., Edinburgh, 1s94-96) : Hetherington, History Of The Church Of Scotland (7th Ed., Ib., 1848) ; Reid, History Of The Pres Byterian Church In. Ireland (3d Ed., By Killen, Belfast, 1867) ; Killen, Ecclesiastical History Of Ireland (2 Vole., London, 1875) ...

Bibliograpiiy
Bibliograpiiy. The Chief Original Source Of In Formation Remains The Biography Of Vasari (ed. Milanesi, Florence, 1878; English Translation By Blashfield And Hopkins. New• York, 1896). The Biographies Of The Eighteenth And Early Nineteenth Centuries Are Antiquated, Except Those Of Rumohr (berlin, 1831), And Passavant (leipzig, 1839; Eng. Trans., London, ...

Book Of Proverbs
Proverbs, Book Of. A Book Of The Old Testament, Containing An Anthology Of Gnomes And Sentences, Forming, In The Hebrew Canon, The Second Book Of The Hagiographa. Like Job And Ecclesiastes. It Belongs To The Wisdom Literature Of The Ilehrews. The Form Of These Proverbs Is Manifold—similes. Enigmas. Theses And ...

Buildings
Buildings. Among The Prominent Public Buildings Are The Allegheny County Court House And Jail, Erected In 1884 At A Cost Of $4,000,000. Granite Structures Facing On Grant Street And Connected By A 'bridge Of Sighs' Across Ross Street. The Post-otlic•e Building On Smithfield Street Is A Splendid Speebnen Of Architecture. ...

Buildings_2
Buildings. Railway Operations Require The Use Of Buildings In Vast Numbers. Of These Pas Senger Stations And Freight Depots Are Among The Most Important Because Of Their Number And Cost. Passenger Stations Vary In Size And Character From Small Combination Depots Used At Local Sta Tions Of Minor Importance To ...

Business Interests
Business Interests. The Navigable Saint Lawrence River Has Been The Determining Factor In The Development Of Quebec. The Largest Ocean Steamers Ascend The River As Far As Montreal. 500 Miles From Its Mouth. The Shipping Industry Of This Port Has Made It The Metropolis Of Canada. Here Is Collected Almost ...

C Ii Arles Coteswortit
Pinckney, C Ii Arles Coteswortit (1746 1s25). An American Soldier And Statesman, Born At Charleston. S. C., Son Of Charles Pinck Ney, Chief Justice Of South Carolina. Hie Was Ed Twitted In England. At Oxford And The Middle Temple. After Studying For A Time At The Royal Military Academy At ...

Canada
Canada. Political Parties Worthy Of The Name Made Their First Effective Appearance After The War Of 1812. In "a Struggle For Responsible Gov Ernment Against The Rule Of An Autocratic Gon•er Nos And His Camarilla." Aroused By The Political Monopoly And Social Arrogance Of A Group Of Royal Officials Known ...

Cars
Cars. Railway Cars Of So Many Varieties Are Now In Use That A Description Of The Different Kinds Would Be Beyond The Scope Of This Article. The List Would Include Upward Of 40 Distinct Pat Terns Of Cars, Each Of Which Is Adapted To A Spe Cial Use. The Early ...

Cause
Cause. Plague Is Not Caused By Filth, Over Crowding, Diseased Grain, Or Inundations. It Is Always Caused By The Presence Of The Plague Bacillus, Or Bacillus Pest Is. The Micro6rganism Was Discovered Independently By Kitasato And Yersin In 1894. It Is A Small Oval Rod, Short And Thick, With Rounded ...

Charles 1814 84 Reade
Reade, Charles (1814-84). An English Novelist And Playwright, Horn At Ipsden House, In Oxfordshire, June 8, 1814. He Entered Mag Dalen College, Oxford, Graduating A.b. In 1835 And M.a. In 1s38: Was Elected Lay Fellow Of His College (1835) : Made Clean Of Arts At Magdalen (1845) , And Vice-president ...

Chemical Reaction
Reaction, Chemical. A Term Applied To The Transformations Of Substances Into Other Substances Having More Or Less Different Prop Erties. (sec Chemistry.) It Is Noteworthy That The Mutual Transformations Of The Allotropic Modifications Of One And The Same Element Must Be Considered As Chemical Reactions. Thus, The Transformation Of Yellow ...

Christianity
Christianity. The Inum•diate Effect Of Chris Tianity Was To Strengthen In General The Preva Lent Aristotelian System Of Economic Philosophy, Its Condemnation Of Usury And The Pursuit Of Wealth In Trade, Its Assertion Of The Superiority Of Agriculture, And Its Support Of The Social Sys Tem Of Status. Christianity Thus ...

Classification Of Mail Matter
Classification Of Mail Matter. Domestic Mail Matter Is Arranged Into Four Classes. The First Class Includes Letters, Postal Cards, And All Matter Wholly Or Partly In Writing, Whether Sealed Or Unsealed (except Manuscript And Cor Rected Proof). The Rate On All Matter Of This Class Is Two Cents An Ounce ...

Classification Of Protems
Classification Of Protems. The Following Classification Of Proteids, Which Is An Expansion Of That Given Above, Is Largely That Proposed By Llalliburton, And Is Believed To Be Applicable To Both Animal And Vegetable Proteids. It Is Based Chiefly Upon Differences In Solubility Of The Vari Ous Bodies: The Ln•oteids Posses$ ...

Climate
Climate. Though The Island Is In The Tropics. It Is Also Under The Regime Of The Persistent Northeast Trade Winds, Which Temper The Heat. The Topography Causes Local Climatic Differences And The Natives Even Speak Of The 'rigors Of Winter' In The Upper Altitudes. The Annual Range Of Temperature Is ...

Code Pleading
Code Pleading. The Supposed Difficulty In Satisfactorily Modifying Or Reforming The Com Mon-law System By Mere Statutory Revision Or Amendment Led In Many Of The United States To Legislation Abolishing The Common-law System Of Pleading And Creating Or Attempting To Create A Purely Statutory Form Of Pleading To Be Used ...

Codes
Codes Or Puocentre. The Embarrassment Ex Perienced As A Consequence Of The Technical Char Aeter Of The Common-law Procedure Led To Various Attempts At Reform By Legislation. The Earliest, Of These Was Directed Toward A Simplification Of The System Of Pleading, And Has Been Referred To Under That Title. In ...

Collections General
Collections. General: Erasmus, Adagia (paris, 1500; Eng. Trans., London, 1814), And Grymeus, .1dagia (frankfort, 1643). English: The Old-english Gnomic Verses: Heywood, Prov Erbs (loudon, 1546?), And Epigrams (london, 1562?). Reprinted For The Spenser Society (lou Don, 1867) ; Herbert And Howell As Cited Above; Ray, Collection Of English Proverbs (cambridge, ...

Colored Lire
Colored Lire. In Producing Light And Color, There Is Added To The Gunpowder Composition Steel Filings For Brilliant Fire Or East-iron Filings For Chinese Fire. Copper Filings Give A Greenish Tint To Flame; Zinc Filings A Fine Blue Color: Powdered Magnesium A Dazzling White Light: Amber. Colo Phony, Or Common ...

Com Mercy
Com Mercy.. The Commerce Of Is Facili Tated By Her Central Position And By The Network Of River And Canal Navigation. Which Make Her Territories The Connecting Medium Between Several Of The Great European States. And Give Her A Free Outlet To The Rest Of The World. Yearly Markets Are ...

Commerce
Commerce. Since The Change In The Control Of The Island, The United States Has Become The Chief Source Of Supplies And Largest Market For Native Products.' The Tfade With Over-sea Lands. Par Ticularly With The United States, Is Steadily Im Proving. The Imports From The United States In The Fiscal ...

Common Prayer Book
Prayer-book, Common. The Name Com• Monly Given To The Service-books Used In Public Worship By The Churches Of The An Glican Communion. Designated On The Title Page As •'the Book Of Common Prayer, And Administration Of The Sacraments, And Other Rites And Ceremonies Of The Church." As The Only Official ...

Compression Process
Compression Process. The System Of Absorb Ing Heat And Thus Producing Cold Partly By Vap Orization And Subsequent Liquefaction, And Partly By Compression And Cooling, Is In Accordance With The Well-known Law Of Physics That All Substances During The Process Of Passing From A Liquid To A Gaseous State Are ...

Content Or Scope
Content Or Scope. The Investigation Of The Social Relations And Activities Connected With Wealth May Be Divided Into Four Stages. In The First Stage We Describe, Classify, Define, And Enu Merate Economic Phenomena. In The Second We Analyze And Interepret These Phenomena For The Purpose Of Revealing Cause And Effect, ...

Council Of Pisa
Pisa, Council Of. A Council Held In The Year 1409; Not Reckoned Among The Ecumenical Coun Cils. It Was Assembled In The Time Of The Great Schism Which Followed The Removal Of The Popes To Avignon (see Schism, Western; Papacy). For The Purpose Of Restoring The Peace Of The Church. ...

Creed Of Pius Iv
Pius Iv., Creed Of. The Dogmatic Formula Drawn Up By A Commission Of Members Of The Council Of Trent As A Summary Of Its Decisions, And Promulgated By Pope Pius Iv, At The End Of 1564 In The Hull In Saerosaneta. Its Formal Acceptance Is Required Of All Priests And ...

David 1780 1843 Porter
Porter, David (1780-1843) . A Distin Guished American Naval Officer. Pe Was Horn In Boston. And Was The Son Of A Naval Officer In The Ilevolution. 1798. After Some Experience On Merchant Vessels. In The Course Of Which He Was Twice Impressed By The British, But Each Time Escaped. He ...

David Dixon 1813 91 Porter
Porter, David Dixon (1813-91). A Dis Tinguished American Admiral. Ile Was A Son Of Commodore David Porter, And Was Born In Ches Ter, Pa., June 8, 1813. In 1824 He Accompanied His Father On His Expedition Against The West Indian Pirates, And When His Father Became Ad Miral Of The ...

Diseases Of The Rectum
Rectum, Diseases Of The. The Rectum Is The Seat Of A Number Of Congenital Deformities. Imperforate Anus Or Entire Absence Of The Anus Is Sometimes Found In Newly Horn Children. Oc Casionally The Rectum Opens Into The Vagina Or Urethra. These Conditions Have To Be Met With Prompt Surgical Measures. ...

Displacement Pumps
Displacement Pumps. In Their Most Com Mon Form They Employ A Piston To Push Water Ahead Of Them In A Cylinder Which The Piston Tightly Fits, Or Else A Plunger Which Does Not Wholly Fill The Cylinder, Instead Of Forcing All The Water In The Cylinder Ahead Of It, Merely ...

Domestic Rabbits
Domestic Rabbits. There Are Ten Well-estab Lished Varieties Of Domesticated Rabbits, The Orig Inal Stocks Of Which Were Derived From Almost As Many Different Countries. These Are Angora, Belgian, Dutch, Himalayan, Lop, Siberian, Sil Ver-tip. Polish, And Flemish. Their Characteris Tics Are As Diverse As Their Origin. They Vary In ...

Douse Sewerage Or Drainage
Douse Sewerage Or Drainage Includes Every Thing Required To Remove Fouled Water From The House To The Sewer. The Pipes From Each Sepa Rate Fixture Are Known As Waste Pipes; They Run To One Or More Soil Pipes, The Soil Pipe Being The Vertical Run Of Pipe From The Highest ...

E Presbyterian Churches In
E Presbyterian Churches In Scotland. Christianity Was Probably Introduced Into Scot Land About The Beginning Of The Third Century, And The Claim Has Been Made That The Early Celtic Churches Were Non-prelatical. However That May Be, They Were Later Brought Into The Roman Obedience, And Remained Thus Until The Reforma ...

Early History
Early History. The Development Of The Steam Railway Is Ordinarily Dated From The Opening To Traffic Of The Stockton And Darlington Railway, In England, In 1825. The Railway, However, Had A History Long Before This Date. Indeed, The Stockton And Darlington Railway, And Its Im Mediate Successor, The Liverpool And ...

East Prussia
Prussia, East. The Northeasternmo,t Prov Ince Of Bounded By The Baltic Sea On The Northwest, Russian Poland On The East And South, And The Province Of \vest Prussia On The West (slap: Prussia. J 1) - Area. Excluding The Frisches And Kurisches Dail'. 14.282 Square Miles. It Forms A Part ...

Edgar Allan 1809 49 Poe
Poe, Edgar Allan (1809-49). An American Poet And Prose Writer, Born In Boston, January Iii, 1809. The Grandson Of A Prominent Patriot During The War Of The Revolution, The Son Of An Actor Whose Wife Was His Superior In Charm If Not In Power On The Stage, Poe Shared For ...

Edmund Jennings 17531513
Randolph, Edmund Jennings ( 1753 1513). An American Statesman, The Nephew Of Peyton Randolph (q.v.). Lie Was Born In Wil Liamsburg, Va.; Graduated At William And Mary College; Early Became Prominent As Au Opponent Of The Measures Of The British Ministry, And, In Consequence, Was Disinherited By His Father, .tohn ...

Educational Committee
Educational Committee. Time Committee On Education Was Established In 1839 By An Order In Council For The Purpose Of Promoting Educa Tional Legislation And Administering Moneys Voted By The ('ominous For School Buildings And Teach Ers' Training Colleges. The Funds Thus Voted Were Turned Over By The Committee To Two ...

Educational Institutions
Educational Institutions. Pittsburg Has A Well-equipped Educational System. Which In Cludes 86 Ward And Three High Schools. In 1903 The Number Of Teachers And Principals Was 1044, And The Total Enrollment Of Pupils 40,868. The Expenditures For Educational Purposes Were $1.658,716. The Control Of The Ward Schools Is Vested In ...

Edward Dorr Griffin 1814 91
Prime, Edward Dorr Griffin (1814-91). An American Clergyman And Journalist. He Was Born At Cambridge, N. Y.. And Graduated From Union College In 1832. Ile Studied At The Theo Logical Seminary At Princeton. Where He Com Pleted The Course In 1s3s. After Some Years With The Presbyterian Church Of Scotchtown, ...

Eeunv
Eeunv In Dutch Is Like A In Fate Followed Closely By (dutch) To. See W, Below. When The Ic Is Followed By An Obscure C The W Has A More Consonantal Sound. El In French Is Like A In Cerate; In German. Dutch, And Welsh, Like I In Ride; And ...

Eistory
Eistory. The First Settlement Of The French In India Was At Surat In 1668. The Chief Of The French East India Company At That Time Was Caron. Subsequently Lie Took Trineomali From The Dutch, But They Were Not Long In Ing Themselves Of It; Carou Then Turned To The Coromandel ...

Electrotyping
Electrotyping. For Tine Book Work And For Duplicating Engraved Illustrations, Electrotyping Is The Process Preferred. By This Process The Type Page Is Impressed In A Thin Sheet Of Wax Which Is First Dusted With A Coating Of Powdered Graphite And Then With A Coating Of Iron Filings. The Wax Mold ...

English Political Economy Since
English Political Economy Since Ricardo. The Narrow' Scope, The Deductive Method, And The Oretical Nature Of The Classical Economy Were All Intensified And Formally Indorsed By N. W. Senior (1790-1860, The Most Influential En Glish Economist Between Ricardo And The Younger Mill. Within The Limits Of Classical Economics Senior Did ...

English And American Law
English And American Law. Iii The Comm011 Law System Prescription Is Employed In A Narrow Er Sense Than In The Legal Systems Derived From The Roman Law, Being Restricted To The Acquisition Of The Interests In Land Described As Incorporeal, Such As Easements And Profits A ',rendre, The Acquirement Of ...

Englisii And American Law
Englisii And American Law. The Common Law Of Property Has Departed Widely From The Conceptions Of Time Civil Law, Owing Mainly To The Independent Development Of The Law Of Land Un Der The Influence Of The Feudal System. That Sys Tem Was Late In Establishing Itself On English Soil, But ...

Equipment
Equipment. One Of The Important Results Of Polar Research Is The Present Methods And Outfit For Work And Life In The Ice Zones, Evolved From The Experience Of Three Centuries. The Problem Of Fairly Comfortable And Hygienic Existence For White Men In The Polar Regions Has Been Solved. For More ...

Equity Pleading
Equity Pleading. The System Of Pleading Adopted In Equity By The English Court Of Chan Cery Was Derived Partly From The Common-law System And Partly From The Civil-law System As Administered By The English Ecclesiastical Courts. The Important Features Of The Civil-law System Which Characterize Equity Pleading Were: (a) The ...

Equity Procedure
Equity Procedure. Procedure In Equity Is Much Simpler Than The Procedure At Common Law. Its Essential Characteristics Are Based On The Fact That The Jurisdiction Of Equity Is In Per Sonwn And That The Sole Power Of That Court Is To Command Timings To Be Done, And Not Directly To ...