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Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 2 Annu - Baltic

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Siege Of Antwerp
Antwerp, Siege Of, Sept.– Oct. 1914. This Was The Preliminary Move Of The Germans' Second Bid For Victory In The World War, After Their Opening Sweep Through Belgium And Northern France Had Been Foiled In The Battle Of The Marne. In Rear Of The Meuse The Natural Line Of Defence ...

Siege Of Aornos
Aornos, Siege Of (326 B.c.). Two Natural Fortresses Bearing The Name Of Aornos Are Mentioned In The Campaigns Of Alexander The Great. One Has Been Identified As Tashkurgan, And The Other As Pir-sar North Of The Buner River. The Name Is A Corruption Of The Sanskrit Avarana Which Means "enclosure," ...

Sir Alexander John Ball
Ball, Sir Alexander John, Bart. British Rear-admiral And Governor Of Malta, Came Of A Gloucester Shire Family. He Entered The Navy, And In 1778 Was Promoted Lieutenant. Three Years Later Began A Close Association With Rod Ney, And, Two Days After His Chief's Crowning Victory Of April 12 1782, Ball ...

Sir Benjamin Baker
Baker, Sir Benjamin (1840-1907), English Engineer, Was Born At Keyford, Frome, Somerset, On March 31, 1840, And, After Receiving His Early Training In A South Wales Ironworks, Became Associated With Sir John Fowler In London. He Was Fowler's Chief Assistant In The Construction Of The Metropolitan And District Railways (london). ...

Sir David Baird
Baird, Sir David British General, Born At Newbyth, East Lothian, Scotland, Entered The Army In 1773, And Went Out To India As A Captain In The 73rd (afterwards 71st) Highlanders In 1779. In The Defeat Of Col. Baillie's Force By Hyder Ali, Baird Was Taken Prisoner, And Remained A Prisoner ...

Sir Edwin Arnold
Arnold, Sir Edwin (1832-1904), British Poet, Scholar And Journalist, Was Born On June Io 1832, And Was Educated At. The King's School, Rochester; King's College, London; And Uni Versity College, Oxford, Where In 1852 He Gained The Newdigate Prize For A Poem On Belshazzar's Feast. Arnold Went- Out To India ...

Sir George Back
Back, Sir George (1796-1878) British Sailor, Was Born Nov. 6, 1796, At Stockport In Cheshire, And Died In London On June 23, 1878. At The Age Of 12 He Was A Midshipman On The "arethusa" And Was Captured By The French At Deba, In The Spanish Campaign Of 1809. On ...

Sir Harry Albert Atkinson
Atkinson, Sir Harry Albert New Zealand Statesman, Was Born At Chester, England, And Migrated To New Zealand In 18j5. He Distinguished Himself In The Waitara War Of 186o-65, And Entered Parliament In 1863. As Minister Of Defence In Sir Frederick Weld's Ministry (1864-65) He Was Identi Fied With The "self-reliance" ...

Sir James Audley Or
Audley Or Audeley, Sir James (c. 1316-1369), One Of The Original Knights, Or Founders, Of The Order Of The Garter, Was The Eldest Son Of Sir James Audley Of Stratton Audley In Oxfordshire. He Served Under The Black Prince In France, And Was Made Governor Of Aquitaine And Great Seneschal ...

Sir James Balfour
Balfour, Sir James (of Pittendreich) (d. 1583 Or 1584), Scottish Judge And Politician, Son Of Sir Michael Balfour Of Montquhanny, Was Educated For The Legal Branch Of The Church Of Scotland. In June 1547 He Was Imprisoned, With John Knox And Others, But Was Released In 1549. He Then Abjured ...

Sir James Balfour_2
Balfour, Sir James, Bart. (of Denmylne And Kin Aaird) (c. 1600-1657), Scottish Annalist And Antiquary, Was Acquainted With Sir William Segar And With Dugdale, To Whose Monasticon He Contributed. He Was Made Lyon King-at-arms In 1630. Some Of His Numerous Works Are Preserved In The Advocates' Library (now National Library ...

Sir John Dugdale Astley
Astley, Sir John Dugdale, Bart. English Soldier And Sportsman, Was In The Army From 1848 To 18j9. He Married An Heiress In 1858 And Thenceforth Devoted Himself To Horse-racing And Sport. He Lost Large Sums Of Money On The Turf, Where He Was Known As "the Mate." He Was Conservative ...

Sir Nicholas Bacon
Bacon, Sir Nicholas (15o9-1579), Lord Keeper Of The Great Seal Of England During The Reign Of Queen Elizabeth, Was The Second Son Of Robert Bacon Of Drinkstone, Suffolk, And Was Born At Chislehurst. He Was Educated At Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, Graduating B.a. In 1527, And Afterwards Spent Some Time ...

Sir Richard Arkwright
Arkwright, Sir Richard (1732-92) , English In Ventor, Was Born At Preston, In Lancashire, On Dec. 23 1 73 2, Of Parents In Humble Circumstances. He Was The Youngest Of 13 Children, And Established Himself As A Barber At Bolton About This Business He Gave Up About 1767 To Devote ...

Sir Richard Baker
Baker, Sir Richard (1568-1645), Author Of The Chronicle Of The Kings Of England And Other Works, Was Born Prob Ably At Sissinghurst, In Kent. He Was Educated At Oxford, And Sat In Parliament For East Grinstead (1597). In 1620 He Was High Sheriff Of Oxfordshire, But In 1625 His Property ...

Sir Robert Aytoun Or
Aytoun Or Ayton, Sir Robert Scottish Poet, Son Of Andrew Aytoun Of Kinaldie, Fifeshire, Was Born In 157o. He Was Educated At The University Of St. Andrews. On The Accession Of James Vi. To The English Throne He Wrote In Paris A Latin Panegyric, Which Brought Him Into Immediate Favour ...

Sir Samuel Auchmuty
Auchmuty, Sir Samuel (1756-1822), British Gen Eral, Was Born In New York, And Served In The American War Of Independence. At The Conclusion Of Peace He Exchanged Into A Regiment Going To India. He Served In The Campaign Against Tippoo Sahib, Returning To England In 1797. Auchmuty Became Adjutant-general To ...

Sir Samuel White Baker
Baker, Sir Samuel White English Explorer, Was Born In London, June 8, 1821, The Son Of A West India Merchant. He Was Educated Partly In England And Partly In Germany. He Spent Two Years In Mauritius (1844-46) And Then Went To Ceylon, Where He Founded An Agricultural Settlement At Nuwara ...

Sir William Arrol
Arrol, Sir William (1839-1913), British Engineer, Was Born At Houston, Renfrewshire, Feb. 13 1839. In His Boyhood He Was Apprenticed To A Smith At Paisley, And Worked Through Several Engineering Shops Until, In 1868, He Was Able To Set Up As A Boiler-maker. In 1872 He Took Up Construction In ...

Sir William James Ashley
Ashley, Sir William James English Economist, Was Born In London On Feb. 25 186o, And Educated At St. Olave's Grammar School And Balliol College, Oxford. He Was Successively Professor Of Political Economy And Constitutional History In Toronto University (1888), Professor Of Economic History At Harvard University (1892), Professor Of Commerce ...

Sir William Reynell Anson
Anson, Sir William Reynell, Bart. (1843 1914), English Jurist, Was Born In Walberton, Sussex, Son Of The Second Baronet. Educated At Eton And Balliol College, Oxford He Became In 1874 Vinerian Reader In English Law At Oxford, A Post Which He Held Until He Became In 1881 Warden Of All ...

Sisto Badalocchio
Badalocchio, Sisto, Surnamed Rosa (1581-1647), Italian Painter And Engraver, Was Born At Parma And Died At Bologna. He Was Of The School Of Annibale Carracci. His Princi Pal Engravings Are The Series Known As Raphael's Bible, Executed By Him In Conjunction With Lanfranco, Another Pupil Of Carracci. The Best Of ...

Social Architecture
Social Architecture Social Architecture Comprises All Buildings For Human Residence, Recreation, Entertainment And Health. Not Long Ago, The Home Provided For All These Activities. To-day They Are More Highly Specialized, And Are More And More Taken Care Of In Specially De Signed Buildings. The Theatre, Picture House, Stadium, Athletic Club, ...

Society Of Authors
Authors, Society Of. The Incorporated Society Of Authors, Playwrights And Composers, Founded In 1884, Is A Brit Ish Institution Which, Embracing All Authors As The Term "author" Is Defined In The British Copyright Act, Guards Them In The Pro Tection Of Their Property, And Advises Them Of The Various Markets ...

Solar Apex
Apex, Solar, The Point Of The Heavens Towards Which The Sun's Motion Relative To The Mean Of The Stars Is Directed. Its Position Was Indicated Approximately By Sir William Herschel In 1783. It Is Near Right Ascension 18h Declination -f- 3o°, Not Far From Vega, But The Position Varies Considerably ...

Solar System I
Solar System.-i, Sun; Eclipse; Chromosphere; Corona; 2, Planet; Mercury; Venus; Earth; Moon; Mars; Jupiter; Saturn; Uranus; Neptune; 3, Minor Planet; Eros; Trojan Planet; 4, Comet; Meteor. ...

Spectra Of Elements Of
Spectra Of Elements Of Higher Atomic Number The Hydrogen Spectrum May Be Considered As Evidence Of A Step-like Process In Which An Electron Is Captured And Bound In Creasingly Strongly In The Field Surrounding The Nucleus, The Stages Of This Process Being The Stationary States Of The Atom. Simple Arguments ...

Spencer Fullerton Baird
Baird, Spencer Fullerton Ameri Can Naturalist, In His Time The Best Informed Man On The Vertebrate Fauna Of North America, Was Born At Reading (pa.) Feb. 3, 1823. In 1838 A Meeting With Audubon, Who Gave Baird ?art Of His Own Collection Of Birds, Turned The Young Man's Interest To ...

Spherical Astronomy
Spherical Astronomy The Celestial Sphere.—in Surveying The Universe From A Fixed Point We Can Define The Position Of Any Object By Specifying (i) Its Direction And (2) Its Distance. Owing To The Property Of Prop Agation Of Light In Straight Lines We Can Immediately Observe The Direction Of Any Visible ...

Sports
Sports, United States.) Athletic Sports Are Now Usually Understood To Consist Of Those Events Recognized In The Championship Programmes Of The Differ Ent Countries Which, In Their Turn, Are Based Upon The Olympic Games Schedule Of Events. This, However, Does Not Apply So Far As England Is Concerned. Apart From ...

St Anthony Of Padua
Anthony Of Padua, St. (1195-1231), Franciscan Monk And Saint, Was Born At Lisbon Aug. 15 I195. In His 15th Year He Entered The Augustinian Order, And Joined The Franciscans In 1220. He Taught Theology At Bologna, Toulouse, Montpellier And Padua, And Won A Great Reputation As Preacher Throughout Italy. He ...

St Antonio Pierozzi Antoninus
Antoninus, St. (antonio Pierozzi, Also Called De Forciglioni) , Archbishop Of Florence, Was Born In That City March 1 1389. He Entered The Dominican Order In His 16th Year, And Was Consecrated Archbishop Of Florence In 1446, And Won The Esteem And Love Of His People, Especially By His Energy ...

St Augustine
Augustine, St. (died C. 613), Founder Of The Christian Church In Southern England, And First Archbishop Of Canterbury, Occupied A Position Of Authority In The Monastery Of St. Andrew At Rome, When Gregory I. Summoned Him, Probably In A.d. 595, To Lead A Mission To England. The Apprehensions Of Augustine's ...

Stanley Baldwin Baldwin
Baldwin, Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl, Of Bewd Ley (1867— ), British Statesman, Was Born At Bewdley Aug. 3, 1867, The Only Son Of Alfred Baldwin, Chairman Of The Great Western Railway And For 16 Years M.p. For Bewdley. Descended From A Family, Which Had Long Been Small Landowners In Shrop ...

Stellar Universe I
Stellar Universe.-i, Star; Nova; Sirius; Algol; 2, Star Cluster; Nebula; Cosmogony; Stellar Evolution. ...

Stephen Fuller Austin
Austin, Stephen Fuller (1793-1836), An Amer Ican Frontier Colonizer And Founder Of The Principal Settlements Of English-speaking People In Texas During The 1820's, While That Country Was Still A Part Of Mexico, Was The Oldest Son Of Moses Austin (1761-1821) Who Had Himself Inaugurated The Project For The Colonization Of ...

Stone Age
Stone Age Although No Fixed Chronological Epoch In World-history Is Under Stood By The Words Stone Age, The Term Has The Same Connotation In The History Of Asia As In That Of Africa. It Denotes The Condi Tion Of A People Or An Ethnic Unit Unacquainted With The Working Of ...

Sub Class Epectinata
Sub-class Epectinata Distinguished From The Pectinifera By The Absence Of Pectines And Of A Long Tail-like Termination To The Body, By The Presence Of Not More Than I I Somites In The Abdomen, Excluding The Pregenital Somite, And Of At Most Four Pairs Of Small Appendages Upon The Abdomen In ...

Sub Class Limulava
Sub-class Limulava Resembling The Trilobita In Having The Prosoma Composed Of Five Somites, The Preoral Appendages Antenniform And The Append Ages Of The Opisthosoma Provided With A Locomotor Inner And A Branchial Outer Branch. Order Copura. Nine Pairs Of Appendages On The Opisthosoma, None On Its Last Three Somites, The ...

Sub Class Merostomata Gigantostraca
Sub-class Merostomata (gigantostraca) Differing From The Limulava In Having Prosoma Composed Of Six Somites, The Preoral Appendages Not Antenniform, The Append Ages Of The Opisthosoma, Of Which There Are Only Six Pairs, Lami Nate And Not Locomotor In Function, The Terminal Somite Not Ex Panded Into A Caudal Fin But ...

Sub Class Pectinifera
Sub-class Pectinifera Differing From The Merostotana In Having The First Pair Of Ap Pendages Of The Mesosoma (abdomen) Represented By A Very Small Genital Operculum, Without A Rod-like Ovipositor Or Penis, And The Second Pair Converted Into The Pectinei Or Combs; In The Last Of All External Trace Of The ...

Sub Class Trilobita
Sub-class Trilobita The Tergal Plates Of The Anterior Five Somites Fused To Form A Dorsal Shield Or Carapace. The Preoral Appendages Long And An Tenniform. All The Postoral Appendages Biramous, The External Branch Branchial, The Internal Locomotor Or Also Maxillary In Func Tion. For The Other Characters And Classification See ...

Sulpicius Apollinaris
Apollinaris, Sulpicius, A Grammarian Of Carthage, Who Flourished In The And Century A.d. He Taught Pertinax And Aulus Gellius, Who Speaks Of Him In The Highest Terms (iv. 17) . He Is The Reputed Author Of The Metrical Arguments To The Aeneid And To The Plays Of Terence And (probably) ...

Summary Of Bachs Works
Summary Of Bach's Works Chronological Sequence Is Not The Primary Interest In A Cata Logue Of Bach's Works. The Changes In His Style, Though Clear And Evolutionary, Are Best Appreciated After The Bulk Of The Work Has Been Digested. To Describe Them Beforehand Does Not Aid The Student Enough To ...

Super Order Caulogastra
Super-order Caulogastra. Distinguished From The Rest Of The Epectinate Arachnida, As Well As From The Scorpiones, By The Deep Constriction Of The Retained Pregenital Somite To Form A Slender, Stalk-like Waist Between The Cephalothorax And Abdomen And By The Presence Of A Pair Of Spiracles Opening Alongside The Genital Orifice ...

Super Order Cucullata
Super-order Cucullata. Distinguished From The Rest Of The Arachnida By The Presence Of A Large Plate Jointed To The Front Of The Carapace And Folding Like A Hood Over The Mandibles, By The Construction Of The First And Second Abdominal Segments And Their Concealment Between The Third Segment And The ...

Super Order Mycetophora
Super-order Mycetophora. Differing From The Foregoing Orders Of Epectinate In Having The First, Or Genital, Somite Of The Ab Domen Jointed To The Cephalothorax Without The Intervention Of A Waist Or Of The Pregenital Somite And In The Presence Of Spiracles On The Fourth Segment Of The Cephalothorax; And Distinguishable ...

Super Order Phalangiomorphae
Super-order Phalangiomorphae. Distinguished From The Pre Ceding Groups Of Epectinates In The Following Characters :—(r ) The Cephalothorax And Abdomen Are Widely Confluent. (2) The Sternum Of The Genital Somite Is Indistinctly Defined In The Adult, The Genital Orifice Being Thrust Forward Between The Last Pair Of Domen Sometimes Showing ...

Super Order Pseudoscorpiones
Super-order Pseudoscorpiones. Differing From The Caulogastra In The Absence Of A "waist" The Large Size Of The Dorsal Plate Of The Pregenital Somite, The Absence Of Spiracles On The First Abdom Inal Somite, The Presence In The Cephalothorax Of Silk Glands Open Ing Upon The Mandibles, Which Are Provided With ...

Super Order Rhynchostomi
Super-order Rhynchostomi. Resembling The Phalangiomorphae In The Wide Confluence Of The Cephalothorax And Abdomen ; But Essentially Distinguished By The Presence Of A Wide Sternal Area Between The Basal Segments Of The Legs, Which Are Disassociated From The Mouth And Have No Maxillary Function, And By The Fusion Of The ...

Susan Brownell Anthony
Anthony, Susan Brownell Ameri Can Reformer, Was Born At Adams (mass.), On Feb. 15, 1820. After Being A School-teacher For 15 Years She Organized In 1852 The First Woman's State Temperance Society In America, And In 1856 Became The Agent For New York State Of The American Antislavery Society. After ...

Svante August Arrhenius
Arrhenius, Svante August One Of The Founders Of The Modern Science Of Physical Chemistry, Was Born On Feb. 19, 18j9, At The Castle Of Wijk, Near Uppsala In Sweden. The Family Name Derives From The Property Of Arena. As A Young Child He Showed An Extraordinary Facility In Calcu Lating, ...

Synod Of Arles
Arles, Synod Of. The First General Council Of The West Ern Church, Summoned In 314 At Arles By The Emperor Constan Tine To Settle The Dispute Between The Catholics And Donatists (see Donatists), After An Assembly Of Referees Meeting At Rome In 313 Had Failed To Settle The Questions At ...

Synthetic Dyes
Dyes, Synthetic). Sodium Arsenate, Used In Calico Printing, Is Prepared By Adding Sodium Carbonate To Aqueous Arsenic Acid Or By Heating Sodium Arsenite With Sodium Nitrate. This Salt, Which Crystallizes As Na2has04, I Is Isomorphous With The Corresponding Phos Phate (see Crystallography.) Soluble Arsenates And Phosphates Have Many Properties In ...

Syria Third And Second
Syria: Third And Second Millennium B.c. ...

Tamas Bokots Bakocz
Bakocz, Tamas (bokots), Cardinal (1442-1521), Hungarian Ecclesiastic And Statesman, Was The Son Of A Wagoner, Adopted By His Uncle, Who Trained Him For The Priesthood And Whom He Succeeded As Rector Of Tetel (148o). Shortly Afterwards He Became One Of The Secretaries Of King Matthias I., Who Made Him Bishop ...

Technical And Scientific Literature
Technical And Scientific Literature Geography And Travel.—arabic Geographical Literature Was Stimulated In The First Place By Greek Mathematical Geography And The Necessities Of Administration. The First Road-book Was Written In The 9th Century By Ibn Khurdadhbih, The Royal Post Master At Samarra, To Give Particulars Of The Provinces And Their ...

Tecture
Tecture.) Expositions.—expositions Are Generally Housed In Temporary Buildings Constructed For The Purpose. The Plan Problem Is Of Special Interest To The Architect, Because It Gives Him An Opportu Nity To Make Experiments On A Large Scale Which He Might Not Care To Risk In More Permanent Buildings. The Columbian Exposition ...

Testaments Of The Xii
Testaments Of The Xii. Patriarchs.) Psalms Of Solomon.—the Ascription To Solomon Is Due Solely To The Copyists Or Translators, For No Such Claim Is Made In Any Of The Psalms. On The Whole, Ryle And James Are No Doubt Right In Assigning 70-40 B.c. As The Limits Within Which The ...

The Affinities Of The
The Affinities Of The Bacteria So Far But Little Mention Has Been Made Of The Classification Of Bacteria, The Reader Will Find This Adequately Given In Any Text Book. All That Need Be Said Here Is That The System Or Systems Of Classification Adopted Are Based On No Sure Foundation, ...

The Agade Period
The Agade Period The Men Who Spoke A Semitic Language Now Called Akkadian Had Long Been Present In Babylonia, As Menials And Foreign Settlers, Before A General Rising In The Northern Cities In The District After Wards Called Akkad Gave Them Power. The Dynasty Founded At Agade By Sargon Did ...

The Arctic Ocean
The Arctic Ocean The Broad Outlines Of The Physical Geography Of Arctic Regions Are Known, Although Much Has To Be Done In Filling In Details. The Landlocked Arctic Sea Or Ocean, Lying Eccentric To The North Pole Includes, With The Greenland And Norwegian Seas, About 5,400,00osq.m. A Feature Of The ...

The Armada
Armada, The. The Spanish Or Invincible Armada Was The Great Fleet Sent By Philip Ii. To Assist In The Attempted In Vasion Of England In 1588. The Idea Was Not A New One, But So Far It Had Been Prevented By The Expense Of Providing An Army To Sail On ...

The Assyrian Laws
The Assyrian Laws Three Tablets Have Recently Been Discovered In The Ruins Of The Ancient City Of Ashur Which Are Inscribed With About Go Articles From A Collection Of Laws Promulgated In About The 13th Century B.c. In Form The Enactments Refer To Particular Sets Of Circumstances Rather Than To ...

The Axumite Kingdom
Axumite Kingdom, The. About The I St Century Of The Christian Era A New Kingdom Grew Up At Axum (q.v.), Of Which A King Zoscales Is Mentioned In The Peri/lus Maris Eryth Raei. Fragments Of The History Of This Kingdom, Of Which There Is No Authentic Chronicle, Have Been Made ...

The Azande
Azande, The, Are The Least Unknown Of The Comparatively Short-statured (medium Breadth Of Head) Group Of The Southern Sudan Population (see Sudan : Ethnology), But Whether The Azande Proper Stand In Any Close Relationship To Other Tribes Of The Bahr El-ghazal Provisionally Attributed To This Group Is Quite Uncertain, Though ...

The Baldwin Locomotive Works
Baldwin Locomotive Works, The, Situated At Eddystone, Pa., Were Founded By Matthias W. Baldwin, Who Com Pleted His First Locomotive, The "old Ironsides," In 1832. It Proved A Success, And Other Orders Followed. By The Time Of Baldwin's Death, In 1866, The Works Had A Capacity Of 125 Locomotives Per ...

The Baltic
Baltic, The. A Famous London Exchange ; A Market For The Purchase And Sale Of Cereals. Its Full Name Is The Baltic Mer Cantile And Shipping Exchange. Shipowners And Others Interested In Cargoes, As Well As Brokers, Find It Necessary To Become Mem Bers Of This Institution. Originally, When Merchants ...

The Battle Of The
Antietam, The Battle Of The. The Antietam Flowing South Into The Potomac Above Harper's Ferry Gives Its Name To The Battle Fought (sept. 17, 1862) Between The Federals Under Mcclellan And The Confederates Under R. E. Lee. After His Incursion Into Maryland Lee With Three Divisions Had Re Treated From ...

The Code Of Hammurabi
The Code Of Hammurabi It Is The Great Code Of Hammurabi, Discovered At Susa In 1902, Which Is To Us, As It Was To The Babylonians, The Completest And Most Perfect Monument Of Their Law. Fragments Of Copies Found In Ashur-bani-pal's Library At Nineveh, And Others Of New-baby Lonian Date, ...

The Competition Between Ethnic
The Competition Between Ethnic Types The Factors In The Human Struggle For Existence Having Been Stated, A Final Task Must Be To Note Briefly The Manner Of Their Joint Working. Whatever The Future May Have In Store, Man Has Not Hitherto Faced His Environment As A Single Community, United Alike ...

The Discovery Of Australia
The Discovery Of Australia In 1503 A French Navigator Named Binot Paulmyer, Sieur De Gonneville, Was Blown Out Of His Course, And Landed On A Large Is Land Which Was Claimed To Be The Great Southern Land Of Tradition, Although Flinders And Other Authorities Are Inclined To Think That It ...

The Disposal Of Sewage
The Disposal Of Sewage The Disposal Of The Sewage Of Large Cities Is One Of The Most Ficult Problems With Which The Engineer Is Faced. Sewage Contains, Beside The Waste Products Of Human Beings, The Waste Products Of Factories And The Whole Of The Water Used In The City In ...

The Graeco Roman Epoch
The Graeco-roman Epoch During The Last Centuries Of This Millennium And The First Centuries Of The Christian Era, Greek And Roman Influence Became Predominant In The Country. There Are, Therefore, Changes In The Character Of The Monuments. The Art, Which At First Was Purely Oriental, Then Hellenized, Gives Place To ...

The Hittite Laws
The Hittite Laws So Long Ago As I Go7 Excavations Near The Turkish Village Of Boghaz-keui, About Gom. East Of Angora, Lighted Upon A Great Collection Of Clay Tablets Inscribed In Cuneiform With A Multitude Of Historical, Religious, And Political Documents Drawn Up Either In Babylonian Or In One Of ...

The Kassite Dynasty
The Kassite Dynasty The Hittite Raid Upon Babylonia Left The Country Leaderless, And Gave The Kassite Tribesmen Who Had Served Babylonian Kings As Soldiers In Considerable Numbers The Opportunity To Place One Of Their Number On The Vacant Throne. Thereafter A New Political Position Resulted Which Has A Considerable Bearing ...

The Letter B
The Letter B. This Letter, Corresponding To Semitic Beth And Greek Beta, Has Retained The Second Place In The Alphabet From The Earliest Times. Its Form In The Writing Of The Moabite Stone, Dating From The 9th Century B.c., Was 9. Early Greek Forms Were (–' .e And Ru. The ...

The Modern City
The Modern City At The Conclusion Of The Greek War Of Independence, Athens Was Little More Than A Village Of The Turkish Type, The Poorly Built Houses Clustering On The Northern And Eastern Slopes Of The Acropolis. The Narrow Crooked Lanes Of This Quarter Still Con Trast With The Straight, ...

The Place Of Craftsmanship
The Place Of Craftsmanship The Degree Of Expressional Power Acquired By The Mastery Of Craftsmanship, The Greater Or Lesser Intensity Of The Emotional Urge, And The Varying Skill In Adjusting The Rhythmic Relations Of Lines, Colours, Forms, Sounds Or Words, Distinguish The Masterpiece From The Inferior Artistic Production. It Is ...

The Psalms Of Solomon
Solomon, The Psalms Of.) The Assumption Of Moses.—this Book Was Written Between 4 B.c. And A.d. 7. As For The Author, He Was No Essene, For He Recognizes Animal Sacrifices And Cherishes The Messianic Hope; He Was Not A Sadducee, For He Looks Forward To The Establishment Of The Messianic ...

The Quantum Theory
The Quantum Theory Rydberg In His Famous Investigation Of Line Spectra More Than 3o Years Ago Was Able To Analyse In A Similar Way Many Spectra Of Other Elements. Just As In The Case Of Hydrogen He Found That The Frequencies Of A Line-spectrum (such As That Of Sodium) Could ...

The Second Balkan War
The Second Balkan War Negotiations With A View To Bringing The Contest To An End Had By This Time Been In Progress For Some Weeks, And Peace Was Signed In London On May 3o. Under Its Terms, Turkey In Europe Was, With The Exception Of The Country Lying Close To ...

The Study Of Culture
The Study Of Culture The Subject Of Culture As It Bears On Survival May Be Con Sidered Under Three Heads: Language, Material Culture (arts And Crafts), And Moral Culture (social Institutions). It Is Necessary To Realize At The Outset That, Although These Aspects Of Culture Are Often Studied Apart Because ...

The Study Of Environment
The Study Of Environment Environment May Be Regarded As On The Whole The Passive Con Dition, While Race And Culture Are The Active Conditions, Of Sur Vival Through Superior Adjustment. Though The Surroundings To Which The Human Species Must Adapt Itself Include The Rest Of Living Nature, Intelligence, Which Is ...

The Study Of Race
The Study Of Race Race Means Breed. It Stands For All That We Are By Heredity As Contrasted With Experience. Thus It Amounts To No More Than An Abstraction, Because We Can At Best Separate Only In Thought What A Man Owes To His Parentage From What He Owes To ...

The Three Theatres Of
The Three Theatres Of War Owing To The Geographical Situation, There Were Bound To Be Three Practically Distinct Main Theatres Of War When The Struggle Began, Viz.: On The Turko-bulgarian Frontier Of Thrace, On The Frontier Between Macedonia And The Allied Powers, Bulgaria And Serbia, And On The Frontier Between ...

The Turkish Collapse
The Turkish Collapse Part Of The Serbian R St Army Had Advanced To Prilep On Nov. 5 And Had Then Halted For The Remainder To Come Up In Line, For Prince Alexander, Who Was In Command, Hoped To Fight A Decisive Battle Before Monastir With The Whole Of The Troops ...

The World War
The World War 20. Situation In 1914.—the Artilleries Of The Main Forces Were Organized And Equipped As Follows : (a) Great Britain.—each Divisional Artillery Comprised 54 I8-pdrs. In Three Brigades Of Three Batteries, 18 4.5-in. Howitzers, In One Brigade Of Three Batteries, And Four 6o-pdrs. There Was Also A Siege ...

Thedor Matvyeevich Apraksin
Apraksin, Thedor Matvyeevich Russian Soldier Who Began Life As One Of The Pages Of Tsar Theodore Iii., After Whose Death He Served The Little Tsar Peter In The Same Capacity. The Playfellowship Of The Two Lads Re Sulted In A Lifelong Friendship. In His 21st Year Apraksin Was Appointed Governor ...

Theodore Agrippa D Aubigne
Aubigne, Theodore Agrippa D' French Poet And Historian Of His Own Time, Was Born At St. Maury, Saintonge, The Son Of A Huguenot Gentleman, One Of The Conspirators Of Amboise. He Was Sent, At The Age Of 14, To Geneva, But In A Year's Time Had Joined The Huguenot Army ...

Theory Of Algebraassociative
Numbers, Theory Of ; Algebra ; Associative Laws ; Com Mutative Laws ; Distributive Law.) ...

Third Millennium Bc
Third Millennium B.c. ...

Thomas Arnold
Arnold, Thomas (1795-1842), English Clergyman And Headmaster Of Rugby School, Was Born At West Cowes, In The Isle Of Wight, On June 13 1795. He Was The Son Of William And Martha Arnold. His Father Was Collector Of Customs At Cowes. He Was Educated At Winchester And Corpus Christi College, ...

Thomas Arun Dell Arundell
Arundell Of Wardour, Thomas Arun Dell, 1st Baron (c. 1562-1639), Son Of Sir Mathew Arundell Of Wardour Castle, Wiltshire, Served With Great Distinction As A Soldier Of Fortune Under The Emperor Rudolf Ii. Against The Turks, And Was Created A Count Of The Holy Roman Empire. His Assumption Of A ...

Thomas Arundel
Arundel, Thomas (1353-1414), Archbishop Of Can Terbury And Lord Chancellor Of England, Was The Third Son Of Richard Fitzalan, Earl Of Arundel And Warenne, By His Second Wife, Eleanor, Daughter Of Henry Plantagenet, Earl Of Lancaster. In 1373 He Became Archdeacon Of Taunton, And In April He Was Consecrated Bishop ...

Thomas Ashe
Ashe, Thomas (1836-1889), English Poet, Studied At Cambridge And Then Became A Schoolmaster. Of His Complete Works (ed. 1886), The Most Notable Are Dryope (1861), Pictures (1865), And The Classical Drama, The Sorrows Of Hypsipyle (1867). Ashe Is Diffuse In Style And At Times His Poetic Quality Is Scarcely Dis ...

Thomas Attwood
Attwood, Thomas (1765-1838), English Composer, Was A Chorister Of The Chapel Royal And A Pupil Of Mozart In Vienna. In 1796 He Became Organist Of St. Paul's. One Or Two Of His Songs, Such As "the Soldier's Dream," And Of His Glees Such As "in Peace Love Tunes The Shepherd's ...

Thomas Attwood_2
Attwood, Thomas (1783-1856), English Political Re Former, Was Born At Halesowen, Worcestershire, Oct. 6 1783. He Was One Of The Founders, In Jan. 1830, Of The Political Union, Formed To Agitate For A Reform Of The Franchise. Under His Leadership Vast Crowds Of Working Men Met Periodically In The Neighbourhood ...

Thomas Audley Audley
Audley, Thomas Audley, Baron (c. 1488-1544), Lord Chancellor Of England, Entered Parliament In 1523 For The County Of Essex. In 15 29 He Was Speaker Of The House Of Com Mons, Presiding Over The Famous Black Parliament Which Abol Ished Papal Jurisdiction In England. He Supported Henry Viii. In Seeking ...

Thomas Augustine Arne
Arne, Thomas Augustine English Composer, Was Born In London, Being The Son Of An Upholsterer. Intended For The Legal Profession, He Was Educated At Eton, And Afterwards Apprenticed To An Attorney For Three Years. His Natural Inclination For Music, However, Proved Irresistible, And His Father, After Strongly Opposing His Wishes ...