Home >> Encyclopedia-britannica-volume-3-baltimore-braila >> Berar to Betel Nut

Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 3 Baltimore - Braila

Loading


Berar
Berar, A Sub-province Of India, Formerly The Hyderabad Assigned Districts, And Administered By The British Under Certain Agreements With The Nizam Of Hyderabad. From Oct. 1, 1903, The Nizam Gave A Perpetual Lease Of The Tract To The British Government, And Berar Has Since Then Been Administered As A Division ...

Berat
Berat, A Town Of Southern Albania On The Semen (or Osum) River, Which Is Unfordable And Crossed By A Bridge And Seven Ferries. The River Often Overflows Its Banks, Leaving Stagnant Pools Which Breed Fever-bearing Mosquitoes. Pop. (193o) 10,403, Of Whom Nearly Seven-eighths Are Mohammedans, And The Re Mainder Orthodox, ...

Berber
Berber, A Town And Mudiria (province) Of The Anglo Egyptian Sudan. The Town Is On The Right Bank Of The Nile, I,14oft. Above Sea-level, In 18° I' N., 59' E., And 214m. By Rail North-west Of Khartoum. Berber Was The Starting-point Of The Caravan Route, 242m. Long, Across The Nubian ...

Berbera
Berbera, Chief Town And Port Of The British Somaliland Pro Tectorate, North-east Africa, 155m. S. Of Aden, In Io° 26' N., 45° 4' E. Berbera Is At The Head Of A Deep Inlet, The Only Com Pletely Sheltered Haven On The South Side Of The Gulf Of Aden. The Harbour ...

Berberine
Berberine, First Isolated By Chevalier And Pelletan In 1826, Obtained For The Most Part From Either Golden-seal (hydrastis) Or Barberry (berberis) Roots. In The Former It Is Ac Companied By Hydrastine And Canadine (tetrahydroberberine) And In The Latter By Oxyacanthine And Berbamine. Berberine, Is Soluble In Water, Less So In ...

Berbers
Berbers, The Name Of The Various Branches Of The Indige Nous "libyan" Race Of North Africa. Since The Dawn Of History The Berbers Have Occupied The Tract Between The Mediterranean And The Sahara From Egypt To The Atlantic. The Origin Of The Name Is Doubtful. Some Derive It From The ...

Berbice
Berbice, One Of The Three "counties" Of British Guiana (q.v.) Associated With The River Of The Same Name. ...

Berceuse
Berceuse, A Cradle-song, The German Wiegenlied, A Musi Cal Composition With A Quiet Rocking Accompaniment. The Word Is Derived From The French For A "lullaby," From Berceau, A Cradle. ...

Berchta
Berchta, A Fairy In South German Mythology (english, Bertha), At First A Benevolent Spirit, Later Regarded As A Witch. In Pagan Times She Ranked As A Minor Deity. ...

Berchtesgaden
Berchtesgaden, A Town In South-eastern Bavaria, Germany, Beautifully Situated At A Height Of 1, 70of T., On The Untersberg, South-east Bavaria. Pop. It Is Cele Brated For Its Extensive Mines Of Rock-salt, Worked As Early As I174. The Town Contains An Early Gothic Abbey Church With Romanesque Cloister. The District ...

Berck
Berck, Bathing Resort, North France, Department Of Pas-de Calais, 25m. S. Of Boulogne By Rail. Pop. (193 I) 11,356. It Com Prises Two Parts—berck-ville, The Fishing Village, I 1m. From The Shore, And Berck-plage, With A Fine Sandy Beach. The Latter Is A Favourite Resort For Children, And There Are ...

Berdiansk
Berdiansk, A Port On The Sea Of Azov In The Mariupol District Of The Ukrainian S.s.r. Lat. 46° 48' N., Long. 36° 44' E. Pop. (1926) 26,409. It Has A Breakwater Extending I,o73 Yards Enclosing Water 91-15 Ft. Deep: A Canal Has Been Dredged From The Harbour To The Roads, ...

Berdichev
Berdichev, The Chief Town Of The Berdichev District Of The Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic. Lat. 49° 52' N., Long. 28° 3o' E. Pop. 53,100. It Is A Railway Junction, And Centre For The Exchange Of Skins, Iron And Wooden Wares, Salt Fish, Grain, Cattle And Horses. Small Industries—tobacco, Soap, Leather ...

Berea
Berea, A Town Of Madison County, Kentucky, U.s.a., In The Foot-hills Of The Cumberland Mountains, At The Edge Of The Blue Grass Region, 95m. S.e. Of Louisville, On The Louisville And Nash Ville Railroad. The Population In 193o Was 1,827. Three Miles South Is The Gap Through Which Daniel Boone ...

Berekhiah Naqdan
Berekhiah Naqdan, Jewish Fabulist, Author Of A Hebrew Collection Of Fox Fables. As His Title Implies (naqdan, Punctuator Of The Biblical Text), Berekhiah Was Also A Grammarian. Most Authorities Place Him In The 13th Century, But J. Jacobs Has Identified Him With Benedictus Le Puncteur, An English Jew Of The ...

Berengarius
Berengarius (d. Io88), Mediaeval Theologian, Born At Tours, Was Educated In The Famous School Of Fulbert Of Chartres. Later, As Director Of The Cathedral School Of His Native City, He Taught With Such Success As To Attract Pupils From All Parts Of France, And Powerfully Contributed To Diffuse An Interest ...

Berenice Or Bernice
Berenice Or Bernice, The Macedonian Forms Of The Greek Pherenice, The Name Of (a) Five Egyptian And (b) Two Jewish Princesses. (a) 1. Berenice, Daughter Of Lagus, Wife Of An Obscure Mace Donian Soldier And Subsequently Of Ptolemy Soter, With Whose Bride, Eurydice, She Came To Egypt As A Lady-in-waiting. ...

Berenice
Berenice, An Ancient Seaport Of Egypt, On The West Coast Of The Red Sea, In 23° 56' N., 34' E. Built At The Head Of A Gulf, The Sinus Immundus, Or Foul Bay, Of Strabo, It Was Sheltered On The North By Ras Benas. The Port Is Now Nearly Filled ...

Berezina
Berezina, A River In The White Russian S.s.r., A Tributary Of The Dnieper. It Rises In The Marshes Of Borizov And Flows South For 3 5om. (2 5om. Navigable) , For The Most Part Through Low-lying But Well-wooded Country. It Is Linked With The Black Sea And The Baltic, And ...

Berezovo
Berezovo, A Town In The Uralsk Area Of The Russian Social Ist Federal Soviet Republic On The Left Bank Of The Sosva River, 26m. Above Its Junction With The Ob River. Lat. 63° 52' N., Long. 64° 54' E. Pop. (19 26) 4,706. Alt. I Oof T. Average Rainfall Per ...

Berezovsk
Berezovsk, A Mining Centre In The Sverdlovsk District Of The Uralsk Area, Russian S.f.s.r., 8m. N.e. Of Sverdlovsk (for Merly Ekaterinburg). Pop. (1926) 8,032. The Gold Mines Have Been Worked Here Since 1747. It Has Koustar (peasant) Leather And Wooden Industries. ...

Berg
Berg (ducatus Montensis), A Former Duchy Of Germany, On The Right Bank Of The Rhine, Bounded On The North By The Duchy Of Cleves, On The East By The Countship Of La Marck And The Duchy Of Westphalia, And South And West By The Bishopric Of Cologne. Its Area Was ...

Bergamask Or Bergomask
Bergamask Or Bergomask (from The Town Of Ber Gamo In North Italy), A Clumsy Rustic Dance (cf. Shakespeare, Midsummer Night's Dream, V. 36o) Copied From The Natives Of Bergamo, Reputed To Be Very Awkward In Their Manners. (see ...

Bergamo
Bergamo, An Episcopal See In Lombardy, Italy (ancient Bergomum), Capital Of The Province Of Bergamo, At The Foot Of The Alps, At The Junction Of The Brembo And The Serio, 331m. N.e. Of Milan By Rail. Pop. (1931) Town, 44,895; Commune, The Older Citta, Alta, On A Hill (i,2ooft.), Strongly ...

Bergdama
Bergdama, A Negro People Inhabiting The Northern Half Of South-west Africa, Calling Themselves Nukhoin ("black Peo Ple") . Their Original Language Is Unknown, For They All Now Speak The Language Of The Nama Hottentots, To Whom They Have Long Been Subject. Some Of Them Keep Sheep And Goats, And Cultivate ...

Bergedorf
Bergedorf, A Town Of Germany, In The Territory Of Hamburg, On The River Bille, Tom. S.e. Of Hamburg. Pop. (1933) 19,481. It Produces Vegetables And Fruit For The Hamburg Markets, And Has Manufactures Of Glass, Asbestos And Enamel. It Received Civic Rights In 1275, Belonged To Lubeck And Hamburg Conjointly ...

Bergen
Bergen, City And Seaport, West Norway, In Lat. 6o° 23' N., Forming A Separate County (amt). Pop. It Beau— Tifully Situated On The Broad Byfjord, And Partly On A Promontory Between The Excellent Harbour (vaagen) And The Puddefjord. The Two Lungegaard Lakes Isolate The Site Landwards, And Are Surrounded By ...

Bergerac
Bergerac, Town Of France, Capital Of An Arrondisse Ment In The Department Of Dordogne, On The Right Bank Of The River Dordogne 6om. E. Of Bordeaux On The Railway To Cahors. Pop. (1931) 13,008. The Site Commands One Of The Important Valleys Opening Out From The Plateau Central On To ...

Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach, A Town In Rhenish Prussia, 8m. N.e. Of Cologne. Pop. , It Is Finely Situ Ated And Is A Resort As Well As A Business Centre. The Manufac Tures Include Paper, Wire-netting, Fireclay And Lime. ...

Bergschrund
Bergschrund, A Gaping Crack In The Upper Part Of A Snowfield Or A Glacier. It Is Near The Rock Wall And Roughly Par Allel To The Rock-face Of The Upper Edge Of The Glacier Basin. It Usually Extends Downwards To The Solid Rock Beneath The Glacier, And At The Bottom ...

Bergues
Bergues, Town Of France, Department Of Nord, At The Junction Of The Colme Canal With Those Of Dunkirk And Furnes (in Belgium), 5m. S.s.e. Of Dunkirk By Rail. Pop. (1931) 3,608. The Town Has A Fine 16th Century Belfry Restored In The 19th Century. The Church Of St. Martin Is ...

Berhampore
Berhampore, A Town Of British India, The Headquarters Of Murshidabad District, In Bengal, Situated On The Left Bank Of The River Bhagirathi, 6m. Below Murshidabad City. Pop. (1931) 27,403. Berhampore Was Fixed Upon After The Battle Of Plassey As The Site Of The Chief Military Station For Bengal; And A ...

Berhampur
Berhampur, A Town Of British India, In The Presidency Of Madras. Pop. (1931) 37,75o. It Is The Headquarters Of Gan Jam District, And Is Situated About 9m. From The Sea. It Is A Station On The East Coast Railway, Which Connects Calcutta With Madras. The Military Cantonment Was Transferred Elsewhere ...

Bering Sea Arbitration
Bering Sea Arbitration. The Important Seal Fish Ery Dispute Between Great Britain And The United States, Which Was Closed By This Arbitration, Arose In The Following Circumstances. In 1867 The U.s. Government Had Purchased From Russia All Her Territorial Rights In Alaska And The Adjacent Islands. The Boundary Between The ...

Berja
Berja, A Town Of Southern Spain, In The Province Of Al Meria. Pop. (193o), 11,333. Despite The Lack Of A Railway Berja Has A Considerable Trade. The Lead Of The Sierra De Gador Mines, Which Seem To Be Now Exhausted, Was Until Recently Sent From Here By Road To Adra ...

Berkeleianism
Berkeleianism Denotes The Philosophical Views Of Bishop Berkeley (q.v.), And Is Commonly Used As Synonymous With Subjective Idealism. (see Also Idealism, And Knowledge, Theory Of.) ...

Berkeley
Berkeley, The Name Of An Ancient English Family Remark Able For Its Long Tenure Of The Feudal Castle Built By The Water Of Severn Upon The Lands From Which The Family Takes Its Name, And For The Fact That A Berkeley Fought The Last Private Battle On English Soil. It ...

Berkeley_2
Berkeley, Market Town, Gloucestershire, England, Near The River Severn At The Commencement Of Its Estuary, On The G.w. And L.m.s. Railways. Pop. (1921) 790. It Lies On A Slight Rise In The Rich Pastoral Vale To Which It Gives Name, Celebrated For Its Dairies And "double Gloucester" Cheese. The Manor ...

Berkeley_3
Berkeley, A City Of California, U.s.a., On The East Shore Of San Francisco Bay, In The Northern Part Of Alameda County, Directly Opposite The Golden Gate And Adjoining Oakland. It Is Served By The Southern Pacific And The Santa Fe Railways, And A Direct Ferry Service To San Francisco (7m.) ...

Berkhampstead Great Berkhampstead
Berkhampstead (great Berkhampstead), Urban Dis Trict, Hertfordshire, England, On The Main Line Of The L.m.s.r., 28m. N.w. Of London. Pop. (1931) 8,0j3. It Lies In The Narrow Valley Of The Bulbourne And Is Close To The Grand Junction Canal. The Name "great Berkhampstead" Is Given To Distinguish It From Little ...

Berkshire
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks), A Southern County Of England, Bounded On The North By Oxfordshire And Buckingham Shire, East By Surrey, South By Hampshire And West By Wiltshire. Its Entire Northern Boundary Is Formed By The River Thames, In The Basin Of Which Practically The Whole County Is Included. The Key ...

Berlad
Berlad, The Capital Of The Department Of Tutova, Ru Mania, On The River Berlad, Which Waters The High Plains Of Eastern Moldavia, And On The Galatz-jassy Railway. Pop. (193o) 26,189, Of Whom About One-fourth Were Jews. Berlad Possesses A Few Good Modern Buildings, Including A Fine Hospital Adminis Tered By ...

Berlin Decree
Berlin Decree, An Order Issued By Napoleon On Nov. 21, 1806, Forbidding The Importation Of British Goods, And Even Excluding From The Harbours Under His Control Any Neutral Vessel Which Had Touched At A British Port. (see Continental Sys Tem.) ...

Berlin
Berlin, Capital And Largest City Of The German Reich, And Also Of The Land Of Prussia. It Is The Seat Of The Parliament (reichstag) And The Prussian Diet (landtag), And Of The State Offices Of The German Realm, Except The Supreme Court Of Justice (reichsgericht), Which Is Fixed At Leipzig. ...

Berlin_2
Berlin, A City Of Green Lake County, Wisconsin, U.s.a.; On The Fox River, 84m. N.w. Of Milwaukee; Served By The Chi Cago, Milwaukee, St. Paul And Pacific Railroad. The Population In 1930 Was 4,106. It Is In An Excellent Dairy Country And Ships Large Quantities Of Milk. There Are Granite ...

Berlin_3
Berlin, A Four-wheeled Carriage With A Separate Hooded Seat Behind, Detached From The Body Of The Vehicle; So Called From Having Been First Used In Berlin. It Was Designed About 167o, By A Piedmontese Architect In The Service Of The Elector Of Brandenburg. It Was Used As A Travelling Carriage, ...

Berm
Berm, Edge, Border Of River, A Narrow Ledge Of Ground. In Parts Of Egypt The Whole Area Reached By The Nile Is Included In The Berm. In Military Phraseology The Berm Is The Space Between The Base Of A Rampart And The Ditch, And Was Useful To Prevent Earth Rolling ...

Bermondsey
Bermondsey, A Metropolitan Borough Of London, Eng Land, Bounded North And East By The Thames ; South-east By Dept Ford, South-west By Camberwell, And West By Southwark. Pop. Iii,526. The Name Appears In Domesday, The Suffix Desig Nating The Former Insular, Marshy Character Of The District, While The Prefix Is ...

Bermuda Rig
Bermuda Rig, The Lofty, Triangular, Or Leg-of-mutton Mainsail Of Modern Racing Yachts. The Rig Was Used Origi Nally On The Small Craft Of The Bermuda Islands, Where It Had Been Brought To A High State Of Efficiency Before It Came Into General Use On Yachts. In Its Original Form It ...

Bermudas
Bermudas, A Group Of Islands In The Atlantic Ocean, Form Ing A British Colony, In 32°15 N. And 64°5o W., About 58om. E. By S. From Cape Hatteras On The American Coast. The Group, Consisting Of Small Islands And Reefs (which Mark The Extreme Northern Range Of The Coral-building Polyps), ...

Bernard Barton
Barton, Bernard English Poet, Was Born At Carlisle On Jan. 31, 1784. His Parents Were Quakers, And He Was Commonly Known As The Quaker Poet. He Was A Bank Clerk At Woodbridge, Suffolk. Barton Published Several Volumes Of Verse, But Is Chiefly Remembered For His Friendship With Charles Lamb, Which ...

Bernard Bosanquet
Bosanquet, Bernard ( 1848-1923 ), Was Born On June 14, 1848, The Son Of The Rev. R. W. Bosanquet, Of Rock Hall, Northumberland. He Was Educated At Harrow And At Balliol Col Lege, Where He Came Under The Influence Of Jowett, T. H. Green And W. L. Newman. From 1871 ...

Bernard Mannes Baruch
Baruch, Bernard Mannes (18 7 O— ), Amer Ican Financier, Was Born In Camden (s.c.), Aug. 1g, 187o. For Many Years He Was A Member Of The New York Stock Ex Change. In 1916 He Was Appointed A Member Of The Advisory Committee Of The Council Of National Defence, And ...

Bernard Of Chartres
Bernard Of Chartres (d. C. I 13o), Not To Be Con Fused With Bernard Of Tours (silvestris), Was A Scholastic Philos Opher, Described By John Of Salisbury As Per F Ectissimus Inter Platonicos Nostri Saeculi. About Ii17, He Was Teaching At Char Tres, Which Was Then The Centre Of Platonism ...

Bernau
Bernau Bei Berlin, A Town In The North-east Of The Dis Trict Of Berlin In The Prussian Province Of Brandenburg. Pop. 12.028. Cabinet-making Is Practised And General Suburban Industries (gloves, Silk, Buttons, Etc.) Are Carried On. ...

Bernay
Bernay, Town Of France, Capital Of An Arrondissement, Department Of Eure, On The Left Bank Of The Charentonne, 3 I M. W.n.w. Of Evreux, On The Railway Between That Town And Lisieux. Pop. (1931) 6,033. Bernay Grew Up Round The Benedictine Abbey Founded By Judith Of Brittany In 1013, And ...

Bernburg
Bernburg, Country Town In The Land Of Anhalt, Germany, On The Saale, Half-way Between Halle And Magdeburg, Formerly The Capital Of The Duchy Of Anhalt-bernburg. Pop. (5933) 38,328. It Consists Of Four Parts, The Altstadt Or Old Town, The Bergstadt (hill Town), The Neustadt (new Town) And The Suburb Of ...

Berncastel Cues
Berncastel-cues, Town, Rhine Province, Germany, On A Bend Of The Winding Moselle, North-east Of Trier. Pop. 4,905. It Originally Belonged To The Chapter Of Trier And Has A Ruined Castle. It Is A Famous Centre Of Wine Production. ...

Berne
Berne, The Largest Of The Swiss Cantons, After Grisons. It Ex Tends From Beyond The Jura To The Snow-clad Ranges Over Against The Valais. Area, 2,657 Sq.m., Of Which Over Loo Sq.m. Are Occupied By Glaciers. It Is Mainly Watered By The River Aar (q.v.), With Its Affluents, The Saane ...

Berne_2
Berne, Capital Of The Swiss Canton Of The Same Name (ger. Bern; Ital. Berna), And Political Capital Of The Swiss Confederation, Picturesquely Situated On A Peninsula, I,800ft. Above Sea, Sur Rounded, Save On The West, By The River Aar. Five Lofty Bridges Cross The River, Leading To The Extensive Residential ...

Bernhard Bolzano
Bolzano, Bernhard Austrian Priest And Philosopher, Was Born At Prague On Oct. 5, 1781, And Died There On Dec. 18, 1848. He Was Professor Of The Philosophy Of Religion At Prague From 1805 To 182o, But Was Compelled To Resign In That Year, And Was Suspended From His Priestly Functions. ...

Bernhard Of Duke
Bernhard Of Duke (1604-1639), A Celebrated General In The Thirty Years' War, The Eleventh Son Of John, Duke Of Saxe-weimar, Was Born In Weimar On Aug. 16 1604. At The Outbreak Of The Thirty Years' War He Took The Field On The Protestant Side. When Gustavus Adolphus Landed In Germany ...

Bernhard Von Beskow
Beskow, Bernhard Von, Baron Swedish Dramatist And Historian, Son Of A Stockholm Merchant, Was Born On April 19, 1796. He Held High Appointments At Court And Was, From 1834 Onwards, Perpetual Secretary Of The Swedish Academy, Using His Great Influence With Tact And Generosity. His Poetry Is Over-decorated, And His ...

Bernicia
Bernicia, The Northern Of The Two English Kingdoms Which Were Eventually United In The Kingdom Of Northumbria. Its Terri Tory Is Said To Have Stretched From The Tyne Northwards, Ulti Mately Reaching The Forth, While Its Western Frontier Was Gradually Extended At The Expense Of The Welsh. The Chief Royal ...

Bernoulli Numbers Or Bernoullian
Bernoulli Numbers Or Bernoullian Num Bers, A Series Of Fractions Beginning With -, , , , And Designated Respectively By The Symbols • • The Name Was Given To Them By Abraham De Moivre (q.v.) And Leonard Euler (q.v.) In Honour Of Their Discoverer, Jacques Ber Noulli (1654-1705), Who Introduced ...

Bernoulli Or Bernouilli
Bernoulli Or Bernouilli, The Name Of A Swiss Family Of Scientists And Mathematicians Who Made Their Home In Basle. (1) Jacques Bernoulli (1654-1705), Mathematician, After Concluding His Studies At The University Of Basle, Travelled In Eng Land, France And Holland. He Constructed His Universal Tables On Dialling At Bordeaux And ...

Berossus
Berossus, A Priest Of Bel At Babylon, Who Translated Into Greek The Standard Babylonian Work On Astrology And Astronomy, And Compiled (in Three Books) The History Of His Country From Native Documents, Which He Published In Greek In The Reign Of Antiochus Ii. (2 5o B.e.) . His Works Have ...

Beroun
Beroun, A Town Of Bohemia, Czechoslovakia, Situated In A Widening Of The Beroun Valley 27m. South-west Of Prague. The Fertility Of The Basin In Which It Lies And The Location On One Of The Important Approaches To Prague Contributed To Its Early Devel Opment, Especially During The Period Of Patronage ...

Berry Or Berri
Berry Or Berri, A Former Province Of France, Absorbed In 1790 In The Departments Of Cher, Corresponding Roughly With Haut-berry, And Indre, Representing Bas-berry. Berry Is The Civitas Or Pagus Bituricensis Of Gregory Of Tours. It Had Been Amalgamated With Aquitaine Under Augustus With Bourges, As The Capital Of Aquitania ...

Berry
Berry, The Name Of A Family Which Acquired Large Indus Trial Interests In South Wales And Important Properties In The Newspaper And Publishing Business. There Were Three Brothers, Sons Of Alderman J. M. Berry Of Merthyr Tydvil, Henry Seymour 1st Lord Buckland (1877-1928), William Ewert (b. 1879), Created Baronet In ...

Bersaglieri
Bersaglieri, The Name Given To The Rifle Battalions Of The Italian Army (from Italian Bersaglio, A Mark). The First Ber Sagliere Units Were Raised In 1836, And By The Time Of The Crimean War They Numbered Ten Battalions. Their Resplendent Uniform Combined With Their Excellent Record In The Various Italian ...

Berserker
Berserker, In Scandinavian Mythology, The Name Of The Twelve Sons Of Berserk, Grandson Of The Eight-handed Starkadder And Alfhilde (from The "sark" Or Shirt Of Bearskin Worn By Them) . Berserk Was Famed For The Reckless Fury With Which He Fought, Always Going Into Battle Without Armour. In Old Norse ...

Bertat
Bertat, Negroes Of The Shangalla Group Of Tribes, Mainly Agriculturists, Known To The Arabs As Jebalain. They Occupy The Valleys Of The Yabus And Tumat, Tributaries Of The Blue Nile. They Are Shortish And Very Black, With Projecting Jaws, Broad Noses And Thick Lips. By Both Sexes The Hair Is ...

Berth
Berth, Originally A Nautical Term, Probably Connected With The Verb "to Bear," First Found In Literature At The End Of The 16th Century, With The Alternative Spelling "birth." Its Primary Meaning Is "sea-room," Whether On The High Seas Or At Anchor. Hence The Phrase "to Give A Wide Berth To," ...

Bertin
Bertin, A Family Of Distinction In The History Of French Journalism. Louis Franc0is Bertin (1766-1841), Known As Bertin Aine, Was Born In Paris On Dec. 14, 1766, And Practised Journalism During The Revolution. After The I8th Brumaire He Founded The Journal Des Debats. He Was Suspected Of Royalist Tendencies By ...

Bertinoro
Bertinoro, Episcopal See, Emilia, Italy, Province Of Forli, 8m. S.e. Direct Of Forli And 5 3m. S. Of The Station Of Forlimpop Oli, And 800f T. Above Sea-level. Pop. (1931) Town, 3,922, Commune 8,973. On The Apennine Foothills, It Commands A Good View Towards The Lower Po, And Its Castle ...

Bertold Von Regensburg
Bertold Von Regensburg (c. 1220-12 7 2), An Outstanding Preacher Of His Day, Was A Native Of Regensburg (ratisbon), Where He Became A Franciscan. From About 1250 Onwards His Fame As A Preacher Spread Over All Germany, For The Earnestness And Straightforward Eloquence With Which He In Sisted That True ...

Bertold
Bertold (i442-1504), Elector And Archbishop Of Mainz, Son Of George, Count Of Henneberg, Was Made Archbishop Of Mainz In 1484. He Was An Enemy Of Clerical Abuses And A Careful Admin Istrator Of His Diocese. Immediately After His Election As Arch Bishop He Began To Take A Leading Part In ...

Bertrand Barere De Vieuzac
Barere De Vieuzac, Bertrand French Revolutionary, Was Born At Tarbes, In Gascony, Sept. 10 1;55, And Practised As An Advocate Before The Parlement Of Toulouse Until He Was Sent By The Estates Of Bigorre To The States General In May 178q. In The States-general He Attached Himself To The Constitutional ...

Bervie Or Inverbervie
Bervie Or Inverbervie, Royal Burgh, Kincardine Shire, Scotland, At The Mouth Of Bervie Water, Terminus Of The L.n.e. Railway's Branch Line From Montrose, Which Lies 14m. S.w. Pop. (1931) 1,032. The Leading Industry Is Flax-spinning. Bervie, With Arbroath, Brechin, Forfar And Montrose, Returns One Member (for The "montrose Burghs") To ...

Berwick
Berwick, A Manufacturing Borough Of Columbia County (pa.), U.s.a., On The Susquehanna River, 25m. S.w. Of Wilkes Barre. It Is Served By The Pennsylvania And The Lackawanna Rail Ways. The Population Was 3,916 In 'goo; 12,181 In 1920; And Was 12,66o In 1930 By The Federal Census. It Has Steel ...

Berwickshire
Berwickshire, County, Scotland, Forming Its South-east Extremity, Bounded N. By Haddingtonshire And The North Sea; E. By The North Sea ; S.e. By The County Of The Borough And Town Of Berwick; S. By The Tweed And Roxburghshire, And W. By Mid Lothian. Its Area Is 292,535ac. Or 457sq.m., And ...

Berwyn
Berwyn, A Rapidly Growing Residential Suburb Of Chicago (ill.) U.s.a., Occupying 3.75 Sq.m. In Cook County, 8m. From "the Loop," Between Oak Park, Cicero, Forest Park, And River Side, And Served By The Burlington And The Illinois Central Rail Ways. Within Walking Distance Are Several Forest Preserves. Building Permits For ...

Beryl
Beryl, The Name Applied To The Species Of Precious Stone Including The Emerald (q.v.), The Aquamarine (q.v.) And Other Transparent Varieties Known As "precious Beryl," With Certain Coarse Opaque Varieties Unfit For Use As Gem-stones. The Name Comes From The Gr. (37)pvxxos, A Word Of Uncertain Etymology Applied To The ...

Beryllium Or Glucinum
Beryllium Or Glucinum, A Metallic Element With Relationships To Magnesium, Zinc And Aluminium. (symbol Be, Atomic Number 4, Atomic Weight 9•0 2 ; No Isotopes.) Beryllia Was First Isolated From Beryl In 1797 By Vauquelin, Whereas Wohler, Bussy And Debray Were The First To Isolate The Element Itself In Impure ...

Beryllonite
Beryllonite, A Mineral Phosphate Of Beryllium And Sodium (nabepo,), Found As Highly Complex Orthorhombic Crys Tals And As Broken Fragments In The Disintegrated Material Of A Granitic Vein At Stoneham, Maine, Where It Is Associated With Felspar, Smoky Quartz, Beryl And Columbite. The Crystals Vary From Colourless To White Or ...

Bes
Bes, The Egyptian God Of Recreation, Represented As A Dwarf With Large Head, Goggle Eyes, Protruding Tongue, Shaggy Beard, A Bushy Tail Seen Between His Bow Legs Hanging Down Behind (some Times Clearly As Part Of A Skin Girdle) And Usually A Large Crown Of Feathers On His Head. A ...

Besom
Besom, A Bundle Of Rods Or Twigs (old Eng. Besema, A Rod) Used For Sweeping; A Stiff Broom. ...

Bessarabia
Bessarabia, A Province Of Rumania Extending From Poland On The North, About Lat. 48.3° N., To The Black Sea, And Lying Between The Pruth And Dniester Rivers. The Latter Divides It From The Ukrainian And Moldavian Autonomous Republics Of The Russian Federation, While The Former Separates It From The Ru ...

Bessel Function
Bessel Function, In Mathematics, A Solution Of Bes Sel's Differential Equation The Designation Cylinder Function, Also Used By Many Writers, Has Its Source In The Use Of These Functions To Express Solutions Of Such Physical Problems As The Flow Of Heat Or Of Electricity In A Solid Circular Cylinder. They ...

Bessemer Steel
Bessemer Steel. In 1856, In A Paper Before The British Association, Bessemer Outlined The Method Associated With His Name Which, With Modifications In Detail, Gave To The World The Power To Make Steel Cheaply. After Several Revisions In The Design Of The Blowing Vessel, The Present Shape Was De Termined ...

Bessemer
Bessemer, A City Of Jefferson County, Ala., U.s.a., Um. S.w. Of Birmingham, In The Centre Of The Iron, Coal And Limestone Region Of The State. It Is Served By The Atlanta, Birmingham And Atlantic, The Birmingham Southern, The Frisco, The Illinois Cen Tral, The Louisville And Nashville, The Seaboard Air ...

Bessemer_2
Bessemer, A City Near The North-west Corner Of The Upper Peninsula Of Michigan, U.s.a., About 15m. From Lake Superior; The County-seat Of Gogebic County, And The Centre Of Important Mining And Lumbering Operations. There Are 12 Iron Mines In The Immediate Vicinity. It Is On Federal Highway 2, And Is ...

Bessus
Bessus, Satrap Of Bactria And Sogdiana Under Darius Iii. In The Battle Of Gaugamela (oct. 1, 331 B.c.) He Commanded The Troops Of His Satrapy. When Alexander Pursued The Persian King On His Flight To The East (summer 33o B.c.), Bessus, With Some Other Conspirators, Deposed Darius And Shortly Afterwards ...

Bestiary
Bestiary. The Mediaeval Bestiary Combined The Character Istics Of A Natural History Text-book And Aesop's Fables. It Pro Fessed To Describe The Nature And Habits Of Living Creatures And Drew From Them Far-fetched Moral And Religious Lessons. Its De Scriptive Portions Were Drawn Largely From The Hexameron Of Am Brose, ...

Bestir
Bestir, The Name Of A Family In Ancient Rome, Of Which The Following Were The Most Distinguished: (i .) Lucius Calpurnius Bestia, Roman Tribune Of The People In 12i B.c., Consul In Iii. He Was Given The Command Against Jugurtha, But, Having Been Heavily Bribed, Concluded A Disgraceful Peace. On ...

Beta Rays
Beta Rays, The Stream Of Electrons (see Electron) Eject Ed From Certain Radioactive Substances (see Radioactivity; And Electricity, Conduction Of : In Gases). ...

Betaine
Betaine, A Crystalline Substance, Called Also Acetobetaine, Lycine And Oxyneurine, Discovered In The Sugar-beet By C. Scheibler In 1869. It Occurs In Cotton Seed, In Barley And Wheat Shoots, In Vetch And In Many Other Plants Often Associated With Choline. It Is Also Found In Cuttlefish And Crayfish And In ...

Bete
Bete, A People Living In Independent Villages On The French Ivory Coast, In The Valley Of The Sassandra And Its Eastern Efflu Ents, With The Same Social And Family Characteristics As The Gouro. They Practise Husbandry And Arboriculture And Are Animists. See G. Joseph, La Cote D'ivoire (1917) . ...

Betel Nut
Betel Nut. The Name Betel Is Applied To Two Different Plants, Which In The East Are Very Closely Associated In The Pur Poses To Which They Are Applied. The Betel Nut Is The Fruit Of The Areca Or Betel Palm, Areca Catechu, And The Betel Leaf Is The Pro Duce ...