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Encyclopedia Britannica

Volume 7, Part 2: Damascus to Education in Animals

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Dormer
Dormer, In Architecture, A Projection From A Sloping Roof, Containing A Window. Dormers May Occur Either On The Face Of The Wall Or High Up On The Roof ; Their Roofs May Be Gabled, Hipped, Hat Or With One Slope. Wherever Steep, High Roofs Are Common, Dormers Are Common, In ...

Dormitory
Dormitory, The Name Given In Monasteries To The Monks' Sleeping Apartment. It Sometimes Formed One Long Room, But Was More Generally Subdivided Into As Many Cells Or Partitions As There Were Monks. The Dormitories Were Sometimes Of Great Length ; That Of The Monastery Of S. Michele In Bosco Near ...

Dormont
Dormont, A Residential Borough Of Allegheny County, Pa., U.s.a., On The Southern Edge Of Pittsburgh. The Population Was 6,455 In 1920, And Was 13,190 In 1930. ...

Dormouse
Dormouse, A Small Rodent, Muscardinus Avellanarius, Is The Sole Representative Of Its Genus, But Belongs To A Family—the Gliridae Or Myoxidae—containing A Small Number Of Old World Species. All The Dormice Are Small Rodents, Of Arboreal Habits, And For The Most Part Of Squirrel-like Appearance ; Some Of Their Most ...

Dornbirn
Dornbirn Is A Township In The Austrian Province Of Vor Arlberg, At The Foot Of The Bregenzerwald. The Name Is A Collective Appellation For Four Straggling Villages—dornbirn, Hatlerdorf, Oberdorf And Haselstauden—which Are Chiefly Important As Small Centres Manufacturing Textiles And Iron Goods By The Aid Of Motive Power Derived From ...

Dornburg
Dornburg, A Town Of Germany, In The Land Of Thu Ringia, Situated 400 Ft. Above The Saale, 7 M. N.e. Of Jena. Pop. 918. Dornburg Is Chiefly Famous For Its Three Grand-ducal Castles. The Altes Schloss Is Built On The Site Of An Imperial Stronghold (kaiserpfalz), Once A Bulwark Against ...

Dornoch
Dornoch, Royal Burgh And County Town, Sutherlandshire, Scotland. Pop. (1931) 725. It Lies On The North Shore Of Dornoch Firth, An Arm Of The North Sea, 74 M. S.s.e. Of Mound Station On The L.m.s.r. By Light Railway. Its Dry And Bracing Climate And Fine Golf Courses Have Made It ...

Dorohoi Or Dorogoi
Dorohoi Or Dorogoi, The Capital Of The Department Of Dorohol, Rumania ; On The Right Bank Of The River Jijia, Which Broadens Into A Lake On The North. Dorohoi Is A Market For The Timber And Farm Produce Of The North Moldavian Highlands ; Mer Chants From The Neighbouring States ...

Dorotheus
Dorotheus, A Professor Of Jurisprudence In The Law School Of Berytus In Syria, And One Of The Three Commissioners Appointed By The Emperor Justinian To Draw Up A Book Of Insti Tutes To Serve As An Introduction To The Digest Already Completed. His Colleagues Were Tribonian And Theophilus, And Their ...

Dorset
Dorset, A South-western County Of England, Bounded North East By Wiltshire, East By Hampshire, South By The English Chan Nel, West By Devon And North-west By Somerset. The Area Is 987.9 Square Miles. In The Centre Of The County The Chalk Hills Of The Western Downs Sweep South-west From Cranborne ...

Dortmund
Dortmund, A Town Of Germany, In The Prussian Province Of Westphalia, On The Emscher, In A Fertile Plain, 5o M. E. From Dusseldorf By Rail. Pop. (1933 ) • 540,480. Dortmund, The Throtmannia Of Early History, Was Already A Town Of Some Importance In The 9th Century. In 1005 The ...

Dositheus Magister
Dositheus Magister, Greek Grammarian, 'flourished At Rome In The 4th Century A.d. He Was The Author Of A Greek Translation Of A Latin Grammar, Intended To Assist The Greek Speaking Inhabitants Of The Empire In Learning Latin. The Latin Grammar Used Was Based On The Same Authorities As Those Of ...

Dossal
Dossal (dorsal; Lat. Dorsum, Fr. Dos, Back), An Em Broidered Curtain Hung Behind The Altar, ...

Dost Mohammed Khan
Dost Mohammed Khan (1793-1863), Founder Of The Dynasty Of The Barakzai In Afghanistan, Was Born In 1793. His Elder Brother, The Chief Of The Barakzai, Fateh Khan, Took An Im Portant Part In Raising Mahmud To The Sovereignty Of Afghanistan In 1800 And In Restoring Him To The Throne In ...

Dothan
Dothan, A City In The Extreme South-eastern Part Of Ala Bama, U.s.a. ; The County Seat Of Houston County. It Is On Fed Eral Highways 84 And 231, And Is Served By The Atlanta And St. Andrews Bay, The Atlantic Coast Line, And The Central Of Georgia Railways. The Population ...

Douai
Douai, A Town Of Northern France, Capital Of An Arrondisse Ment In The Department Of Nord, 20 M. S. Of Lille On The Northern Railway Between That City And Cambrai, Pop. (1931), 28,750. Douai, The Site Of Which Was Occupied By A Castle (castrum Duacense) As Early As The 7th ...

Douarnenez
Douarnenez, A Fishing-port Of Western France, In The De Partment Of Finistere, On The Southern Shore Of The Bay Of Douar Nenez, 15 M. N.w. Of Quimper By Rail. Pop. (1931), 10,280. About Boo Boats, And Between 3,00o And 4,00o Men, Carry On The Sardine Fishery From June To December, ...

Double Bass
Double Bass, The Largest Member Of The Violin Family And The Lowest In Pitch. (fr. Contrebasse; Ger. Kontrabass, Gross Bass Geige; Ital. Contrabasso, Violone.) The Double Bass Differs Slightly In Construction From The Other Members Of The Family In That It Has More Slanting Shoulders (one Of The Features Of ...

Double Fugue
Double Fugue, In Music, A Fugue With Two Subjects, Worked Together Or Interwoven. (see Fugue.) ...

Double Jeopardy
Double Jeopardy. The 5th Amendment To The U.s. Constitution Provides No One Shall Be "twice Put In Jeopardy": No One Punished Or Acquitted Of An Offense May Be Re-tried. ...

Double Liability
Double Liability, In The United States, Applies To The Stockholders' Liability In Certain Corporations, Signifying That, In Case Of Insolvency, The Stockholders May Not Only Lose The Amount Which They Invested In Their Stock But May Also Be Called Upon Ratably For The Concern's Indebtedness Up To An Additional Amount ...

Double Name Paper
Double-name Paper, Notes, Bills Of Exchange Or Ac Ceptances Bearing Two Names, Each Of Which Represents A Separate Interest And Each Of Which Is Responsible For The Payment. The Names May Represent A Signature And An Endorsement, Or Two Signatures. The Former Class Is Often Known As Endorsed Paper, And ...

Double Refraction
Double Refraction, The Resolution, On Entering A Non-isotropic Medium, Of Light Into Two Rays Travelling With Dif Ferent Velocities. (see Light.) ...

Double Stopping
Double-stopping, A Musical Term Signifying The Play Ing Of Two Notes Simultaneously On A Stringed Instrument Of The Violin Family. In Strictness The Term Should Not Be Applied When One Of The Notes Is An "open" One And Has Therefore Not Entailed Any "stopping," I.e., Pressing Down Of The String ...

Double
Double, Twice As Much, Or Large, Having Two Parts, Having A Part Repeated (from The Mid. Eng. Duble, Through The Old Fr. Duble, From Lat. Duplus, Twice As Much). The Word Appears As A Substantive With The Special Meaning Of The Appearance To A Person Of His Own Apparition, Generally ...

Doublet
Doublet, A Close-fitting Garment, With Or Without Sleeves, Extending From The Neck To A Little Below The Waist, Worn From The I4th Century To The Time Of Charles Ii., When It Began To Be Superseded By Coat And Waistcoat. The Doublet Was Introduced Into England From France, And Was Originally ...

Doubs
Doubs, A Frontier Department Of Eastern France, Formed In I790 Of The Ancient Principality Of Montbeliard And Of Part Of The Province Of Franche-comte. It Is Bounded E. And S.e. By Switzerland, N. By The Territory Of Belfort And By Haute Saone, And W. And S.w. By Jura. Pop. (1931) ...

Doubs_2
Doubs, A River Of Eastern France, Rising In The Jura At The Foot Of The Noirmont Ridge, At A Height Of 3,074 Ft., And Flowing Into The Saone. It Is 269 M. Long, Though, Owing To The Fact That It Doubles Back Upon Itself, The Distance From Source To Mouth ...

Doughboy
Doughboy, In The 17th Century, Signified "dumpling," During The American Civil War It Was Applied To The Mass Buttons On Uniforms And Thence To Infantrymen. At A Period Not Exactly Ascertained The Word Was Supposed To Come From The Dough-like Appearance Of A Uniform Soiled By Moistened Pipe-clay. Again, Infantrymen ...

Douglas Fir
Douglas Fir (pseudotsuga Taxif Olio), An Important North American Timber Tree Of The Pine Family (pinaceae), Called Also Red Fir, Yellow Fir And Douglas Spruce. Botanically It Exhibits Some Of The Characteristics Of The Firs And The Hemlock, Though It Most Closely Resembles The Spruces. It Is Found From South ...

Douglas Mackinnon Bail Lie
Dundonald, Douglas Mackinnon Bail Lie Hamilton Cochrane, 12th Earl Of (1852 1935), Son Of The 11th Earl Of Dundonald And Louisa Mackinnon, Was Born On Oct. 29, 1852, And Succeeded To The Earldom In 1885. On Leaving Eton He Entered The 2nd Life Guards, In 187o, And Served In The ...

Douglas
Douglas, The Name Of A Scottish Noble Family, Now Rep Resented By The Dukes Of Hamilton (douglas-hamilton, Heirs Male), The Earls Of Home (douglas-home) Who Also Bear The Title Of Baron Douglas Of Douglas, The Dukes Of Buccleuch And Queensberry (montagu-douglas-scott), The Earls Of Morton (douglas), The Earls Of Wemyss ...

Douglas_2
Douglas, Capital Of The Isle Of Man, Municipal Borough And Favourite Watering-place. Pop. (19 21) 27,604. It Stands On A Fine Semicircular Bay On The East Coast Of The Island, At The Com Mon Mouth Of Two Streams, The Dhoo And Glass, 54 M. West-north West Of Fleetwood, And 7o ...

Douglas_3
Douglas, Village And Parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland. Pop. It Is On Douglas Water, 4 M. From Douglas Station And 1+ M. From Douglas West Station, On The Branch Line Of The L.m.s.r. From Carstairs To Ayr, S.s.w. Of Lanark. It Is The Original Home Of The Douglas Family. Of The Old ...

Douglas_4
Douglas, A City Of Cochise County, Arizona, U.s.a., 25m. S.e. Of Bisbee, On The Mexican Border Line. It Is On Federal High Way 8o And The Southern Pacific Railway. The Population Was In 192o (29% Foreign-born White), And It Was 9,828 In 193o By The Federal Census. Cattle-raising And Copper-smelting ...

Doukhobors
Doukhobors, A Name Given By The Russian Orthodox Clergy To A Community Of Nonconformist Peasants. The Word Signifies "spirit-fighters," And Was Intended By The Priesthood To Convey That They Fight Against The Spirit Of God ; But The Doukho Bors Themselves Accepted It As Signifying That They Fight, Not Against, ...

Doullens
Doullens, A Town Of Northern France, Capital Of An Arrondissement In The Department Of Somme, On The Authie, 27 M. N. Of Amiens By Rail. Pop. (1931), 4,161. Doullens, The Ancient Dulincum, Was An Important Stronghold In The Middle Ages. In 1475 It Was Burnt By Louis Xi. For Openly ...

Doune
Doune, Police Burgh, Perthshire, Scotland, 84 M. N.w. Of Stirling By The L.m.s.r. Pop. (1931) 822. It Is On The Left Bank Of The Teith, Here Crossed By The Bridge Built In 1535 By Robert Spittal, Tailor To James Iv. The Town Was Once Famous For Pistols And Sporrans. Doune ...

Douro
Douro (span. Duero, Port. Douro, Anc. Darius), A River Of The Iberian Peninsula. The Douro Rises South Of The Sierra De La Demanda In The Pico De Urbion, An Isolated Mass 7,389 F T. High. It Curves Past Soria And Then Flows Westward Across Old Castile. It Passes South Of ...

Douroucouli
Douroucouli, The Native Name Of A Small Group Of American Monkeys Ranging From Nicaragua To Amazonia And Eastern Peru, And Forming The Genus Nyctipitltecus. In Addition To The Absence Of Prehensile Power In Their Tails, Douroucoulis Are Distinguished By Their Large Eyes. The Ears Are Short, And The Hair Round ...

Douw
Douw (or Dow), Gerrit (grrard) (1613-1675), Dutch Painter, Was Born At Leyden On April 7, 1613. His First Instructor Was Bartholomew Dolendo, An Engraver ; And He Afterwards Learned The Art Of Glass-painting Under Peter Couwenhorn. In 1628 He Became A Pupil Of Rembrandt, From Whom He Acquired His Skill ...

Dove
Dove, A River Of England, Tributary To The Trent, Rising In Axe Edge, Derbyshire, And Through Almost Its Entire Course Form= Ing The Boundary Of That County With Staffordshire. In Its Upper Course It Traverses A Fine Narrow Valley, Where The Limestone Hills Exhibit Many Picturesque Cliffs, Gullies And Caves. ...

Dovekie
Dovekie The Common Name In North America For The Little Auk (alle Alle). (see Auk.) The Name Is Applied By Sailors To The Black Guillemot. (see Guillemot.) ...

Dover
Dover, A Seaport And Municipal And Parliamentary Borough Of Kent, England, One Of The Cinque Ports, 76 M. E.s.e. Of London By The Southern Railway. Pop. 41,095. It Is Situ Ated At The Mouth Of A Small Stream, The Dour, Whose Valley Here Breaches The High Chalk Cliffs Which Fringe ...

Dovercourt
Dovercourt, A Watering-place In The Harwich Parlia Mentary Division Of Essex, England, Immediately South-west Of Harwich, With A Station Between Parkeston Quay And Harwich Town On The L.n.e.r., 7o M. N.e. By E. From London. The Esplanade And Sea-wall Front The North Sea, And There Is A Fine Expanse Of ...

Dover_2
Dover, The Capital City Of Delaware, U.s.a., And The County Seat Of Kent County, On The St. Jones River, In The Central Part Of The State. It Is On Federal Highway 13, And Is Served By The Pennsylvania Railroad. The Poulation Was 4,042 In 192o (26% Negroes) And Was 4,80o ...

Dover_3
Dover, A City Of South-eastern New Hampshire, On The Cochecho River, Iom. N.w. Of Portsmouth; The County Seat Of Strafford County. It Is On Federal Highway 4, And Is Served By The Boston And Maine Railroad And Motorbus Lines. The Population Was 13,029 In 192o (8o% Native White), And Was ...

Dover_4
Dover, A Town Of Morris County, New Jersey, On The Rock Away River, 4om. W.n.w. Of Jersey City, At An Altitude Of 57oft. It Has An Airport And Is Served By The Central Of New Jersey And The Lackawanna Railways. The Population Was 9,803 In 192o; In 193o It Was ...

Dover_5
Dover, A City Of Tuscar'awas County, Ohio, U.s.a., On The Tuscarawas River, 82m. S. By E. Of Cleveland. It Is On Federal Highway 21, And Is Served By The Baltimore And Ohio And The Pennsylvania Railways And An Interurban Electric Line. The Popu Lation Was 8,ioi In 192o (87% Native ...

Dove_2
Dove, A Name Applied To The Smaller Members Of The Order Columbae, But No Sharp Distinction Can Be Drawn Between Pigeons (q. V.) And Doves. The English Ring-dove Or Wood-pigeon (columba Palumbus) Is A Common Bird In Most Parts Of Europe, Where It Is The Largest Species. It May Be ...

Dowager
Dowager, Strictly, A Widow In The Enjoyment Of Dower. "dowager" Is Also Applied To Widows Of High Rank To Distinguish Them From The Wives Of Their Sons, As Queen-dowager, Dowager Duchess, Etc. The Title Was First Used In England Of Catherine Of Aragon, Widow Of Arthur, Prince Of Wales, Who ...

Dowagiac
Dowagiac (do-waw'-jak), A City Of Cass County, Michigan, In The South-western Part Of The State, On The Michigan Central Railroad. Population 5,44o In 192o Native White) And Was 5,55o In 193o By Federal Census. It Is In A Fertile Region Of Many Lakes. The City Manufactures Furnaces And Fish-bait ; ...

Dower
Dower, In Law, The Life Interest Of The Widow In A Third Part Of Her Husband's Lands. There Were Originally Five Kinds Of Dower : (1) At Common Law; (2) By Custom; (3) Ad Ostium Ecclesiae, Or At The Church Porch; (4) Ex Assensu Patris; (5) De La Plus Belle. ...

Dowlas
Dowlas, Plain Cloth, Similar To Sheeting, But Usually Coars Er. It Is Made In Several Qualities, From Line Warp And Weft To Two Warp And Weft, And Is Used Chiefly For Aprons, Pocketing, Soldiers' Gaiters, Linings And Overalls. The Finer Makes Are Some Times Made Into Shirts For Workmen, And ...

Down
Down, A Maritime County Of Ireland, Occupying The Most Easterly Part Of The Island, Bounded North By Co. Antrim And Belfast Lough, East And South By The Irish Sea, And West By Co. Armagh. The Area Is 6o8,86i Acres. Pop. (1926), 209,228. The Foundation Of This County Is Silurian Rock ...

Downes D
Downes (d [o] Unaeus), Andrew (c. English Classical Scholar, Was Born In Shropshire. He Did Much To Revive The Study Of Greek At St. John's College, Cambridge, And Was Elected Fellow In 1571. In 1585 He Was Appointed Regius Professor Of Greek. According To Simonds D'ewes (autobiog Raphy, Ed. J. ...

Downfall Of The Classical
Downfall Of The Classical Drama The End Of The Ancient Classical Drama Has Been Already Fore Shadowed. The Elements Of Dance And Song, Never Integrally United With The Dialogue In Roman Tragedy, Were Now Altogether Sepa Rated From It. While It Became Customary Simply To Recite Trage Dies To The ...

Downingtown
Downingtown, A Borough Of Chester County, Pa., U.s.a., On Brandywine Creek, 33m. W. Of Philadelphia. It Is On The Lincoln Highway, And Is Served By The Pennsylvania And The Reading Railways. The Population Was 4,024 In 192o, And Was In 193o By The Federal Census. The Principal Manufac Turing Industries ...

Downpatrick
Downpatrick, Market Town And County Town Of Co. Down, Ireland, 28 M. S.s.e. Of Belfast By Rail. Pop. (1926), It Stands Near The South-west Extremity Of Strangford Lough. It Is The Seat Of The Roman Catholic And Protestant Dio Ceses Of Down. St. Patrick Founded The See About 44o, But ...

Downs
Downs, The Name Of A System Of Chalk Hills In The South East Of England. It Is Most Familiar In Its Application To The Two Ranges Of The North And South Downs. Of These The North Downs Are In The Counties Of Surrey And Kent, And The South In Sussex. ...

Down_2
Down, An Expanse Of High Rolling Ground Destitute Of Trees; Occasionally Used For A Smooth Rounded Hill. The System Of Chalk Hills In England Is Known As "the Downs" (see Downs). The Usual English Word "dune" Is Taken Directly From The French. Low Sandy Tracts North And South Of Yarmouth, ...

Dowry
Dowry, The Property Which A Woman Brings With Her Or Is Given To Her At Her Marriage, A Wife's Marriage Portion (see Set ...

Dowser
Dowser And Dowsing, One Who Uses, Or The Art Of Using, The Dowsing-rod Or "striking-rod" To Find Subterranean Min Erals Or Water (from The Cornish "dowse," M.e. Duschen, To Strike Or Fall. See D1vininc-rod) . More Commonly With The Spelling "douse" The Verb Is Also Used, Especially In Nautical Parlance, ...

Doxology
Doxology, An Ascription Of Glory To God (gr. 800xoyia, A Praising). The Name Is Applied Specially To The Gloria In Excelsis Deo (known As The Greater Doxology) And The Gloria Patri (the Lesser Doxology, Usually Called "the Doxology" Simple) ; But Also, More Generally, To The Tersanctus ("holy, Holy, Holy," ...

Dracaena
Dracaena, In Botany, A Genus Of The Family Liliaceae, Containing About 4o Species In The Warmer Parts Of The Old World. They Are Trees Or Shrubs With Long, Generally Narrow Leaves, Panicles Of Small Whitish Flowers And Berried Fruit. The Most Remarkable Species Is Dracaena Draco, The Dragon-tree Of The ...

Drachenfels
Drachenfels, A Mountain Of The Siebengebirge Range, Sit Uated Above The Rhine Near Konigswinter. It Occupies A Magnifi Cent Position Overlooking Bonn At An Altitude Of 1,066 Feet., The Ruins Of A Mediaeval Castle Are At The Summit. ...

Drachma
Drachma. The Monetary Unit Of Greece, Divided Into Lepta. Until 1936 It Was Nominally Equivalent To The Franc, The Par Of Exchange With London Being Dr. 25.22 To The Pound, While At Par In New York It Exchanged For 19.295 Cents. Greece Entered The Latin Union In 1875, Following On ...

Draco Dragon
Draco (dragon) (7th Century B.e.), Athenian Statesman, Was Archon Eponymus (but See Sandys, Const. Of Athens, P. 12, Note) In 621 B.c. He Codified The Laws, Which Had Previously Been Unwritten And Administered Arbitrarily By The Eupatrids. The Fixing Of The Law Was A Great Boon To The People, Although ...

Draco
Draco ("the Dragon"), In Astronomy, A Constellation Of The Northern Hemisphere. The Greeks Had Many Fables Concern Ing This Constellation ; One Is That When Heracles Killed The Dragon Guarding The Hesperian Fruit, Hera Transferred The Creature To Heaven As Reward For Its Services. The Star 7 Draconis Has Ac ...

Draft
Draft. A Written Order Drawn On A Banker Or Other Holder Of Funds For The Payment Of Money To A Third Person ; Thus A Cheque (q.v.) Is A Draft. A Special Form Of Draft Is A Banker's Draft, An Instruction By One Bank To Another Bank, Or To A ...

Drafted Masonry
Drafted Masonry, In Architecture, Masonry Formed Of Large Stones, Dressed Or Cut Round The Edge To A Single Plane, With The Face Between Left As It Came From The Quarry. Many Notable Roman Examples Exist, Such As That Of The Porta Mag Giore, At Rome (period Of The Emperor Claudius, ...

Drag
Drag. The Term Is Applied To A Harrow For Breaking Up Clods Of Earth, Or To An Apparatus, Such As A Grapnel, Net Or Dredge, Used For Searching Water For Drowned Bodies Or Other Objects. As A Name Of A Vehicle, "drag" Is Sometimes Used As Equivalent To "break," A ...

Dragashani
Dragashani (rumanian Dragasani), A Town Of Rumania, Near The Right Bank Of The River Olt, And On The Railway Between Caracal And Ramnicu Valcea. The Vineyards On The Neighbouring Hills Produce Some Of The Best Walachian Wines. Dragashani Stands On The Site Of The Roman Rusidava. In 1821 The Turks ...

Drago Doctrine
Drago Doctrine. The Government Of Every State, Declared Lord Palmerston In 1848, Is Entitled By Diplomatic Meth Ods To Take Up The Complaint Of Any Of Its Subjects Against The Government Of Another State, And If Well Founded, To Demand Redress. It Has Been The Policy Of The British Government ...

Dragoman
Dragoman, A Comprehensive De Signation Applied To Anyone Who Acts As An Intermediary Between Europeans And Orientals, Whether As Hotel Tout Or Travel Lers' Guide, Or As The Chief Dragoman Of A Foreign Embassy Whose Functions May In Clude The Carrying On Of Important Politi Cal Negotiations. (ar. Terjuman, An ...

Dragon
Dragon, A Fabulous Monster, Usually Conceived As A Huge Winged, Fire-breathing Lizard Or Snake. The Word Is Derived Through The French And Latin From The Greek Bpauccov, Connected With &picouac "see," And Interpreted As "sharp-sighted." The Equivalent English Word "drake" Or "fire-drake" Is Derived From Anglo-saxon Draca. In Greece The ...

Dragonet
Dragonet (callionymus Lyra), A Small Marine Fish Of The Coasts Of Europe, With Slender Naked Body And Large Eyes Close Together On Top Of The Flattish Triangular Head. The Male Is Larger And More Ornamental Than The Female, The Body And The Large Dorsal Fins Having Blue Spots And Bands ...

Dragons Blood
Dragon's Blood, A Red-coloured Resin Obtained From Several Species Of Plants. Calamus Draco (willd.), One Of The Rotang Or Rattan Palms, Which Produces Much Of The Dragon's Blood Of Commerce, Is A Native Of Further India And The Eastern Archi Pelago. The Fruit Is Round, Pointed, Scaly, And The Size ...

Dragoon
Dragoon, Originally A Mounted Soldier Trained To Fight On Foot Only. (see Cavalry And Mounted Infantry.) This Mounted Infantryman Of The Late I 6th And Early Centuries, Like His Comrades Of The Infantry Who Were Styled "pike" And "shot," Took His Name From His Weapon, A Species Of Carbine Or ...

Draguignan
Draguignan, The Chief Town Of The Department Of The Var In S.e. France; 51 M. N.e. Of Toulon, And 284 M. N.w. Of Frejus By Rail; 679 Ft. Above Sea-level, At The Southern Foot Of The Wooded Heights Of Malmont, On The Left Bank Of The Nartuby River ; Pop. ...

Drainage Of Land
Drainage Of Land. Agricultural Or Field Drainage Consists In Freeing The Soil From Stagnant And Superfluous Water By Means Of Surface Or Underground Channels. Surface Drainage Is Usually Effected By Ploughing The Land Into Convex Ridges Off Which The Water Runs Into Intervening Furrows And Is Conveyed Into Ditches. The ...

Drakenberg Or Kahlamba
Drakenberg Or Kahlamba, The Highest Portion Of The Great Eastern Scarp Of The South African Plateau. It Forms The Eastern Boundary Of Basutoland And Orange Free State. ...

Dram Or Drachm
Dram Or Drachm, A Weight Approximately Equal To That Of The Ancient Greek Coin ; In Apothecaries' Weight One-eighth Of An Ounce, Or 6o Grains (3.888 Grams) ; In Avoirdupois Weight One Sixteenth Of An Ounce, Or 27.34375 Grains (1•772 Gram) . For Short The Term Is Used For A ...

Drama
Drama Is A Transliteration Of The Greek Bpaµa, Which Means A Thing Done ; Theatre Is A Transliteration Of The Greek Oeatpov, Which Means A Seeing-place. The Word Audience, Meaning Those Who Listen, Is Derived From The Latin And Therefore Represents A Later Idea Of Play-going. From This Use Of ...

Dramatic Criticism
Dramatic Criticism Extends From Dramatic Theory On The One Hand To Theatrical Criticism On The Other. Its Founder Was Aristotle, Whose Poetics (c. 325 B.c.) Laid Down, Miraculously For Its Time, The Basis Of All Dramatic Theory. His Definition Of Tragedy As "an Imitation Of An Action That • Is ...

Dramatic Elements In Egyptian
Dramatic Elements In Egyptian Culture The Civilization And Religious Ideas Of The Egyptians So Vitally Influenced The People Of Whose Drama We Are About To Speak That A Reference To Them Cannot Be Altogether Omitted. The Doctrine Of The Immortality Of The Soul Found In Egypt Its Most Solemn Expression ...

Dramburg
Dramburg, Town, Province Of Pomerania, Prussia, Ger Many, On The Drage, A Tributary Of The Oder, 5o M. E. Of Stettin, On The Railway Ruhnow-neustettin. Pop. (1925), 6,358. Its In Dustries Include Brewing And Distilling, Spinning And Brush And Cloth Manufactures. It Trades In Live Stock. ...

Drammen
Drammen, A Town In The County Of Buskerud, Norway, At The Junction Of The Drammen River With The Drammen Fjord, The Western Branch Of The Oslofjord. Pop. (193o) 26,204. The Town Is Divided Into Two Sections, Bragernes North Of The River And Stromso And Tangen To The South. A Fishing ...

Draper
Draper. One Who Deals In Cloth Or Textiles Generally. The Fr. Drag, Cloth, From Which Drapier And Eng. "draper" Are Derived, Is Of Obscure Origin. It Is Possible That The Low Lat. Drappus Or Trappus (the Last Form Giving The Eng. "trappings") May Be Con Nected With Words Such As ...

Draught
Draught, The Act Or Action Of Drawing, Extending, Pulling, Etc. (from The Common Teutonic Word "to Draw"; Cf. Ger. Tracht, Load; The Pronunciation Led To The Variant Form "draft," Q.v., Now Confined To Certain Specific Meanings). It Is Thus Applied To Animals Used For Drawing Vehicles Or Loads, "draught Oxen," ...

Draughts
Draughts. Draughts Is A Game Of Skill Usually Played By Two Persons On A Chequered Board Of 64 Squares. Each Player To Commence Has 12 Men Of A Distinctive Colour. In The United States The Game Is Known As Checkers. Fig. I Shows The Board And Men Set Out Ready ...

Draupadi
Draupadi, In Hindu Legend Daughter Of Drupada, King Of Panchala, And Wife Of The Five Pandava Heroes In The Mahi B Harata. ...

Drave Or Drava
Drave Or Drava (ger. Drau), One Of The Principal Right Bank Affluents Of The Danube. It Rises Below The Innichner Eck, In Tirol, At An Altitude Of Over 4,00o Ft., Runs Eastward, And Forms The Longest Longitudinal Valley Of The Alps, The Drau Thal. The Drave Is 45o M. Long; ...

Dravidian Languages
Dravidian Languages, The Name Given To A Col Lection Of Indian Languages Comprising All The Principal Forms Of Speech Of Southern India (sanskrit Dravida). Their Territory, Which Includes The Northern Half Of Ceylon, Extends Northwards Up To An Irregular Line Drawn From A Point On The Arabian Sea About 1 ...

Dravidian
Dravidian, A Name Only Applied In Indian Usage To The "southern" Group Of The Brahmans Q.v. But "dravidian" Is Applied, Unfortunately, To The Indigenous Peoples Of India South Of The Vindhyas And The Northern Half Of Ceylon; It Should Be Confined To The Languages Of This Area. At Least Four ...

Drawback
Drawback, The Repayment Of A Duty, Previously Exacted, When Excisable Goods Are Exported Or Foreign Goods Re-exported. The Object Of A Drawback Is To Enable Commodities Which Are Subject To Taxation To Be Exported And Sold In A Foreign Country On The Same Terms As Goods From Countries Where They ...

Drawing
Drawing, The Art Of Delineation Or Of Portrayal By Means Of Lines, Is So Primitive That Its History Is Practically That Of Man. That It Was Practised 50,000 Years Ago We Know But For How Long Before That, It Is Difficult To Establish. Its Beginnings, However, Must Have Been Early, ...

Dream
Dream, The State Of Consciousness During Sleep; It May Also Be Defined As A Hallucination Or Illusion Peculiarly Associated With The Condition Of Sleep, But Not Necessarily Confined To That State (from A Root Dreug, Connected With Ger. Triigen, To Deceive). In Sleep The Withdrawal Of The Mind From The ...

Dredgers And Dredging
Dredgers And Dredging. Dredging Is The Name Given To That Branch Of Excavation Which Deals With The Process Of Removing Materials Lying Under Water And Disposing Of Them According To The Requirements Of The Work In Hand. The Machines Employed By Engineers To That End Are Termed Dredgers (dredges In ...

Drente
Drente, A Province Of Holland, Bounded North And North East By Groningen, South-east By The Prussian Province Of Han Over, South And South-west By Overysel, And North-west By Fries Land; Area, 5,028 Sq.m. ; Pop. (1926) 222,785. Drente Is A Sandy Plateau Forming The Nucleus Of The Surrounding Provinces. The ...