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Twentieth Century Practice: An International Encyclopedia of Modern Medical Science by Leading Authorities of Europe and America, Volume 2: Nutritive Disorders" by Thomas Lathrop Stedman (1895)

Accessory Measures Anal Procedures
Accessory Measures Anal Procedures - Obesity. Other Measures In The Treatment Of Obesity, Such As Removal Of Tight And Laced Articles Of Dress, Cold Ablutions, Frictions, Sponging Of The Breast And Abdomen, Arms, Legs, And Buttocks, And Hot Foot-, Arm-, Or Head-baths—in Short Partial Applications Of Cold And Heat (schweniuger) ...

Acetone Diabetes
Acetone - Diabetes To 100 C.c. Of Urine Are Added Five Drops Of Hydrochloric Acid, And The Mixture Is Then Distilled. A Few Cubic Centimetres Of The Distillate Are Now Treated With Three Drops Of Caustic Potash And A Few Drops Of Compound Solution Of Iodine. If Acetone Is Present ...

Acute Myositis Diseasesof
Acute Myositis - Diseases Of The Muscles. We May Describe Here Two Forms—acute Simple And Acute Infec Tious Myositis. The Latter Again May Be Divided Into Two Varieties: One, Studied By Bruuon, Which Is Accompanied Most Frequently By Suppuration; The Other, Studied By Hepp, Marchand, Larger (these De Paris, 1890), ...

Acute Rheumatism
Acute Rheumatism. Acute Rheumatism, Or Rheumatic Fever, Commences With A Feeling Of Cold, Occasionally With A Distinct Rigor, Succeeded By A Sense Of Weakness And General Malaise. These Symptoms Are Accompanied By Aching Pains In Different Parts Of The Body, Especially In The Limbs. These Quickly Increase In Severity And ...

Addisons Disease
Addison's Disease. Without Doubt, The Most Important Disease Of The Adrenal Bodies Is That Now So Well Known, And Generally Recognized As "addison's Disease," A Disorder Which Has Received The Other Names, Arising From The Very Noteworthy, And Most Usually Associated Symptom Of Skin-pigmentation, Of Melasma Supra-renale And Bronzed-skin Disease. ...

After Treatment Andsubsequent
After - Treatment And Subsequent Mode Of Life - Obesity. After The Masses Of Fat Accumulated To Excess In The Body Have Been Burned Up And The Normal Condition Between The Albumin And Fat Has Been Re-established, There Remains The Further Task Of Preserv Ing For The Future The Condition ...

Age Diabetes Mellitus
Age - Diabetes Mellitus. Age Is Also Of Decided Etiological Significance. Diabetes Occurs, Indeed, At Any Age; Even Nursing Infants Have Been Observed To Suffer From The Disease, But Such Cases Are Very Rare. The Affection Be Comes A Little Less Infrequent About The Age Of Puberty, Yet Even Here ...

Age Gout
Age - Gout. Gout Is Almost Always A Disease Of Adult Age. But It Has Been Occasionally Experienced By Children. Boethaave Observed Such Cases, And Others Have Been Reported By Schenck, Debout, And Reudu, Occurring In Children Between The Ages Of Seven And Seventeen Years. In The Majority Of Cases, ...

Anatomy Of The Adrenals
Anatomy Of The Adrenals - Addison's Disease And Other The Supra-renal Capsules * Are Classified Amongst The Ductless Glands Of The Body, In Common With The Spleen, Thyroid And Thymus Glands. These Have No Excretory Ducts. They Lie At The Back Of The Abdomen, Surmounting Each Kidney, Attached To It ...

Anemic Form Obesity
Anemic Form - Obesity In Every-day Life By The Side Of The Corpulent Persons With True Plethora We Meet With A Number Of Patients Likewise Affected With An Abnormal Deposition Of Fat In The Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue, At The Various Points Of Predilection, And In The Internal Organs, But Who ...

Antagonistic Nutritive Anomalies
Antagonistic Nutritive Anomalies. Virchow First Called Attention To Certain Abnormal Nutritive Pro Cesses In Adipose Tissue, Which Presuppose A Natural Disposition To General Hyperplasia Of The Fatty Tissue Or Are Prone To Produce A Partial Form, Even When The Consumption Of Fat-forming Substances In The Food Does Not Exceed The ...

Arthritis Deformans
Arthritis Deformans. The Defects And Shortcomings Of The System Of Classification Of Diseases, Which Is Of Necessity Adopted, In Default Of A Better, In The Text-books Of Medicine Of The Present Clay, Is Nowhere More Manifest Than In Connection With Those Diseases In Which Joint Affections Play A Conspicuous Part. ...

Arthritis Deformans Clinical Features
Arthritis Deformans Clinical Features Condition Of The Joints Coal Muscles. Cases Of Multiple Arthritis Deformans Fall Into Three Main Classes Winch May He Described Respectively As Acute, Subacute, And Chronic. In The Acute Cases, Which Are More Commonly Met With In Younge• Patients, The Disease May Easily Be Mistaken For ...

Arthritis Deformans In Children
Arthritis Deformans In Children. The Time Is Not Yet Ripe For Any Adequate Description Of Arthritis Cleformans As It Occurs In Children, For The Whole Subject Of The Chronic Joint Diseases Of Children Constitutes A Chapter In Clinical Medicine Which Still Remains To Be Written. Unlike Most Of The Other ...

Atrophy Other Diseasesof
Atrophy - Other Diseases Of The Supra - Renal Capsule. Allusion Nas Already Been Made To This Condition As Met With In Certain Cases Of Addison's Disease Where The Ordinary Symptoms Of That Disorder Have Been Present. Atrophy Is Not A Common Morbid Condition. A Few Instances Have Been Noted ...

Balneological And Hydrotherapeutical Treatment
Balneological And Hydrotherapeutical Treatment - Obesity. The So Popular For Ages, Which Yield Cold Alkaline And Saline Waters, Such As Marienbad, Tarasp, Etc., And Which Contain Beside Sulphate Of Soda, Bicarbonate Of Soda In Large Quantities, Can Not Be Considered Specifically Efficacious In The Treatment Of Obesity, A Resulting Decomposition ...

Bathing Gout Treatmenthygienic
Bathing - Gout - Treatment Hygienic And Prophylactic . Baths Of All Kinds May Be Employed With Considerable Advantage, If Rightly Used. But It Must Be Always Kept In Mind That Arthritic Subjects Are Far More Sensitive Than Others To Heat And Cold, And To Variations Of Temperature. For This ...

Benign Cases Complicationsof
Benign Cases - Complications Of Diabetes. The Mild Forms Of Diabetes Compatible With A Long Life Are By Far The Most Frequent. They Belong Almost Exclusively To The Middle And Later Periods Of Life, And Affect By Preference, Though By No Means Invariably, Corpulent Individuals And Those Suffering From The ...

Beta Oxybutyric Aciddiabetes
Beta - Oxybutyric Acid - Diabetes. A Formal Test For Oxybutyric Acid Need Be Made Only When Certain Provisional Tests Have Furnished A Presumption Of The Presence Of This Substance. The Presence Of The Acid Is Rendered Probable : 1. When Fehling's Titrate Method Gives Evidence Of The Presence Of ...

Bodily And Mental Exercise
Bodily And Mental Exercise. The Neglect Of Muscular Exercise Is, Indeed, One Of The Most Po Tent Causes Of Gout. Even In Cases That Do Not Reach The Final Stage Of Articular Crises, The Lack Of Exercise Often Leads To The Development Of The Allied Disorders And Premonitory Symptoms Of ...

Carcinoma And Sarcoma Addisons
Carcinoma And Sarcoma- Addison's Disease And Other Carcinoma May Be Primary In The Adrenal Bodies, But Is More Com Monly Secondary To Such Growth In Neighboring Structures. In 123 Cases Of New Growths (102 Carcinoma, 21 Sarcoma), Dr. Norman Moore Found Secondary Growths In The Supra-renal Capsules Iu Only 8. ...

Case Tx
Case Tx. —a Man, Met. 35.. Had An Attack Of Rheumatic Fever When 18 Years Of Age. Was Laid Up For Two Months. Has Suffered From Occasional Pains In The Joints Almost Ever Since. Thinks He Has Never Been More Than Three Months Together Quite Free From Pain. Its Usual ...

Cases With Acute Onset
Cases With Acute Onset - Complications Of Diabetes. The Patients Assert Positively That The Quantity Of Urine Became Suddenly Greater At A Definite Period, That They Were Obliged To Rise In The Night To Pass Water, That They Suffered From Great Thirst And Hunger, And That, Despite The Large Quantities ...

Changes In The Circulatory
Changes In The Circulatory System - Complications Of Diabetes. 1. Arteriosclerosis, Almost All Writers Agree That Diabetics From Premature Arteriosclerosis, And Therefore Are Liable To All The Troubles, Such As Cardiac Asthma, And Exposed To All The Dangers, Such As Apoplexy, Degeneration Of The Heart Muscle, Peripheral Gan Grene, Necrotic ...

Changes In The Intestine
Changes In The Intestine - Complications Of Diabetes. 1. Most Cases Of Diabetes The Bowels Are Regular, Or At Most There Is A Slight Tendency To Constipation. A Loose Action Of The Bowels Is Not Common, Although It May Be Observed. Some Patients Have One Or Two Thin Pasty Evacuations ...

Changes In The Kidneys
Changes In The Kidneys - Complications Of Diabetes. 1. Hypertrophy Of The Kidneys.—see Page 109. 2. Gruntdor Atiophy.—the Albuminuria So Often Observed In Cases Of Diabetes Is By No Means Always A Sign Of The Onset Of Grave Renal Diseases; Neither Is It Permissible To Refer It To The Degenerations ...

Changes In The Lungs
Changes In The Lungs - Complications Of Diabetes. 1. Tuberculosis."—pulmonary Tuberculosis Plays A Most Important Role Among The Complications Of Diabetes. It Is Not Too Much To Say That At Least One-fourth Of All Diabetic Subjects Among Us In Germany Contract Pulmonary Tuberculosis, And Once They Have Contracted It, Speedily ...

Changes In The Nervous
Changes In The Nervous System - Complications Of Diabetes. 1. Psychic Distarbaures.—we Have Seen In The Section On Etiology That A Clear Insight Into The Significance Of Psychoses Iu The Causation Of Diabetes Is Wanting. We Know More, However, Concerning The Psychic Disturbances Which Arise During The Course Of Diabetes, ...

Changes In The Pancreas
Changes In The Pancreas - Complications Of Diabetes. Concerning The Etiological Significance Of Pancreatic Changes Enough Has Been Said Above (cf. Pp. 51 And 71). We Have Here To See Whether Pancreatic Diabetes Betrays Itself By Any Special Signs And Can Be Diagnosed. Not Much Use Can Be Made At ...

Changes Of The Blood
Changes Of The Blood In Gout. The Existence Of " Peccant Humors" In The Blood Was Always Sus Pected To Be The Cause Of Gout, And The Discovery Of Sodium Urate In The Tophi Gave A Great Show Of Probability To This Hypothesis. When In 1848 Sir A. Garrod Demonstrated ...

Changes The Mouthand
Changes The Mouth And Throat - Complications Of Diabetes. 1. Apht1we. Little Whitish Patches Are Often Seen On The Gums Of Diabetic Patients; They Are Slightly Resistant When Brushed Away, And After Their Removal The Spot Where They Were Appears A Little Hyper Emic. These Are Colonies Of Oidium Albicans, ...

Chemical Characteristics Of The
Chemical Characteristics Of The Tophi In Gout. Scheele In 1776, Tennant And Pearson In 1796, And Wollaston In 1797, Demonstrated The Existence Of Uric Acid In The Concretions Of Gout. Since Then, A Number Of Analyses Have Been Made By Physio Logical Chemists. The Results Obtained By Laugier, Wurzel., And ...

Chemistry Of The Blood
Chemistry Of The Blood. 1. Sugar.—that The Percentage Of Sugar In The Blood Is Greater Than Normal In Every Case Of Diabetes In Which Glycosuria Is Present Has Been Already Stated A Number Of Times In This Treatise. The Glycosuria Is The Consequence Of The In Contrast To The Normal ...

Chemistry Of The Other
Chemistry Of The Other Secretions. 1. Salica Amonut.—the Mouth Of The Diabetic, Despite The Large And Frequent Draughts Of Water, Shows An Obstinate Tendency To Be Come Dry. The Saliva Is As A Rule Scanty And Poor In Ferment, Al Though There Are Exceptions. In Many Patients The Secretion Is ...

Chronic Gout
Chronic Gout. The Treatment Of Chronic Gout Consists, For The Greater Part, In The General Treatment Of The Arthritic Diathesis According To The Methods That Have Been Already Considered. But The Different Forms In Which The Chronic Disease Is Manifested Require Certain Corresponding Variations In The Treatment. Sometimes The General ...

Chronic Gout With Visceral
Chronic Gout With Visceral Complications. Every Gouty Person Is An Invalid. Even The Robust And Vigorous Subjects Of Acute Gout Can Never Be Ranked As Perfectly Healthy. And When The Disease Has Assumed Its Chronic Form The Patient Is A Continual Sufferer From The Presence Of Urates In The Joints ...

Chronic Myositis Diseasesof
Chronic Myositis - Diseases Of The Muscles. The Symptoms Of Chronic Myositis Are Often But Slightly Marked. The Affection May Follow An Acute Attack, Or It May Be Chronic From The Beginning. Careful Palpation Enables Us To Discover That The Muscle Is As It Were Thickened And At The Same ...

Chronic Rheumatism
Chronic Rheumatism. This Name Is Loosely Applied To Many Ailments Not Really Of Rheu Matic Origin. Almost Any Obscure And Obstinate Pain Which Is Not Traceable To Some Other Agency Is Apt To Be Attributed To Chronic Rheu Matism. Under This Head There Thus Come To Be Ranked Many Aches ...

Climate Gout
Climate - Gout The Influence Of Climate, Though Not Wholly Decisive As To The In Cidence Of Gout, Is Very Great As A Determining Cause. In Warm Countries Copious Perspiration Serves To Evacuate The Peccant Matters That Circulate In The Fluids Of The Body.. The Heat Of The Atmosphere Retards ...

Clinical Varieties Arthritisdeformans
Clinical Varieties - Arthritis Deformans. It Has Already Been Mentioned In A Previous Section That The Mor Bid Changes In The Joint Structures Which Have Just Been Described Are Met With In Cases Which Differ Widely Among Themselves In Their Clinical Features. In One Instance A Woman, Perhaps Not More ...

Contagion Diabetes Mellitus
Contagion - Diabetes Mellitus. There Are Some Remarkable Cases Reported In The Literature Of This Disease Which Speak In Favor Of The Possible Transmission Of Diabetes From One Individual To Another. To The Late R. Schmitz Is Due The Credit Of Having Directed Attention To This Possibility. Out Of His ...

Course Of The Disease
Course Of The Disease - Addison's Disease And Other The Onset Is Gradual. An Impairment Of General Health Is To Be Noted, And The Patient Complains Of Languor And Debility. The Order Of Symptomatic Development Is Not Uniform. Alelasma May, Or May Not, Be An Early Indication. In Dark People ...

Cutaneous Complications Complicationsof
Cutaneous Complications - Complications Of Diabetes. 1. Pruritus Is Encountered In Diabetes Under Many Forms: A. Generalized Pruritus.—this Form Is Found Especially In Dia Betics With Marked Polyuria And Glycosuria, Rapid Emaciation, And Great Dryness Of The Skin. It May Be Presumed That The Dryness Of The Epidermis Irritates The ...

Dependence Of The Glycosuria
Dependence Of The Glycosuria Upon The Kind Of Carbohydrates Ingested. Wherever Exhaustive Researches Have Been Instituted It Has Always Been Found That No Case Of Diabetes In Man Is So Severe That All The Carbohydrates Ingested Are Excreted Again Uncousumed Leo, And Others). Furthermore It Has Been Shown, As Was ...

Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus. Definition.—by The Term Diabetes Mellitus Is Understood A Dis Ease Characterized By An Excretion Of Grape Sugar In The Urine, Con Tinued Through Weeks, Months, Or Years, Following The Ingestion Of Moderate Amounts Of Carbohydrates, Or Even, In Certain Cases, When No Carbohydrates Have Been Taken Into The ...

Diagnosis Gout
Diagnosis - Gout. Typical Cases Of Acute Articular Gout Are Easily Recognized. It Is Only Necessary To Review The Symptomatology Of The Disease In Order To Form A Picture That Cannot Be Mistaken For Anything Else. Chronic Cases In Which The Joints Of The Fingers And Toes—perhaps Other Larger Joints ...

Diagnosis Rheumatism
Diagnosis - Rheumatism. The Diseases For Which Acute And Subacute Rheumatism Are Most Apt To Be Mistaken Are Acute Gout, Acute Rheumatoid Arthritis, Pycemia, And Gonorrheal Rheumatism. As A Rule The Differential Diagnosis Presents No Serious Difficulty. Acute Gout Is A Disease Of Mature Years; Acute Rheumatism A Dis Ease ...

Diet Gout
Diet - Gout Although It Is Evident That Many Causes Contribute To The Develop Ment Of Gout, There Is None That Compares In Efficiency With Excess In Eating And Drinking. We Have Seen That The Disease Is Most Prev Alent In Countries Where Wealth And Luxury Abound. It Is Also ...

Directions For Measuring The
Directions For Measuring The Intensity Of The Glycosuria. If It Is Correct To Say That A Hard And Fast Line Between "mild" And "severe" Forms Of Diabetes Cannot Be Drawn, Then Practical Ne Cessity Only Prescribes With What Measure We Shall Estimate The De Gree Of Disturbance Of The Sugar-consuming ...

Disease Of The Pancrease
Disease Of The Pancrease. Since The Wonderful Discoveries Of Von Mering And Minkowski Particular Attention Has Very Naturally Been Directed, In The Study Of Diabetes, To The Pancreas. But It Would Be Belittling The Services Of Earlier Investigators Not To Mention The Fact That The Importance Of Pancreatic Disease In ...

Duration Of The Disease
Duration Of The Disease - Addison's Disease And Other No Definite Or Uniform Course Has Been Observed. It Is Always Difficult To Determine The Exact Date Of The On Set Of The Malady, Because The Early Symptoms May Be Slight And Un Noticed. The Fact That Exacerbations Of The Symptoms ...

Effects Of Glycosuria Upon
Effects Of Glycosuria Upon Nutrition And Metabolism. (emaciation, Polyphagia, Proteid Decomposition.) Our Present Knowledge Concerning The Consumption Of Nutrient Material And Its Relations To Force And Heat Production In The Body Enables Us To Obtain A Clear Understanding Of The Consequences Which Glycosuria Must Bring With It As Regards Metabolic ...

Endocarditis Rheumatism
Endocarditis - Rheumatism. By The Endocardium The Anatomist Means The Thin Transparent Membrane Which Lines The Interior Of The Cavities Of The Heart, Is Re Flected Over Its Valves And Muscular Folds, Is Continuous On The Left Side With The Lining Membranes Of The Aorta And Of The Pulmonary Veins, ...

Etiological Treatment Complicationsof
Etiological Treatment - Complications Of Diabetes. Are We Ever Able To Institute An Etiological Treatment Of Diabetes? Can We Remove The Cause And Therewith The Disease Itself? Let Us See. 1. Xeurogenotts Diabetes.— (a) Diabetes Accompanying Functional Nervous Disorders.—if Severe Mental Overwork Or Psychic Disturb Ance Accompanied By Marked Neurasthenic ...

Etiology Of Diabetes Mellitus
Etiology Of Diabetes Mellitus Geographical Distribution ; Conditions Of Nutrition. Diabetes Mellitus Is Found In Every Country, But Apparently It Does Not Prevail To The Same Extent In All. It Is Difficult To Obtain Reliable Figures, For The Statistical Material Of Different Countries Bear Ing Upon This Point Has Not ...

Examination Of Diabetic Urine
Examination Of Diabetic Urine Grape Sugar. Several Tests Should Always Be Employed In Order To Determine With Certainty The Presence Of Grape Sugar. Some Of These Are Very Easily Made And Serve For A Provisional Diagnosis, Others Demand More Time And May Be Employed To Confirm This Provisional Diagnosis. If ...

Exercise Gout Treatmenthygienic
Exercise - Gout - Treatment Hygienic And Prophylactic . The Whole Process Of Interstitial Oxidation Can Be Farther Facili Tated By Exercise In The Open Air Which Serves To Increase The Respiration And To Favor The Absorption Of Oxygen By Which It May Be Possible To Increase In Some Degree ...

Experimental Pancreatic Diabetes
Experimental Pancreatic Diabetes. Of Much More Far-reaching Significance, And Of Immense Im Portance For The Fundamental Doctrines Of Biology, Is Another Form Of Experimental Glycosuria. This Is The Diabetes Mellitus Occurring After Extirpation Of The Pancreas. I Employ Here For The First Time The Term "diabetes Mellitus" To Designate An ...

Fate Of The Carbohydrates
Fate Of The Carbohydrates When They Are Ingested In Excess.. 1. Glycogen Storage.—the Second Contingency Which We Have Now To Consider Is Encountered When There Is An Excessive Supply Of Car Bohydrates. When The Excess Is But Moderate And Of Short Duration, There Occurs, As We Have Shown Above, A ...

Fatty Degeneration Addisons Disease
Fatty Degeneration- Addison's Disease And Other This Is Not Very Uncommon, And Appears To Be Most Frequently Observed In Elderly Persons. No Associated Symptoms Have Been Noted. My Colleague, Dr. Kanthack, Lecturer On Pathology At St. Bar Tholomew's Hospital, Has Kindly Furnished Me With Some Of His Un Published Researches ...

First Group Unconditionally Allowable
First Group Unconditionally Allowable Foods - Diabetes Fresh Meat: All The Muscular Parts Of The Ox, Calf, Sheep, Pig, Horse, Deer, Wild And Domestic Birds—roast Or Boiled, Warm Or Cold, In Their Own Gravy Or With Mayonnaise Sauce. Internal Parts Qf Animals : Tongue, Heart, Brain, Sweetbreads, Kidneys, Marrow-bones—served With ...

And Its Estimation The
The Daily Amount Of Sugar Excreted, And Its Estimation - The Glycosubia. The Amount Of Sugar Excreted Varies Greatly In Different Cases And Also At Different Times In The Course Of The Same Case. Some Dia Betics Excrete Only A Few Grams Daily Or Even None At All, While In ...