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Cyclopedia of India, Volume 2

Jhareja
Jhareja, A Rajput Race In. Gujerat And Cutch, With A Branch In Kattyawar, Descendants Of The Yadu, And Claiming From Krishna. In Early Ages They Inhabited The Tracts On The Indus And In Sewesthan. But At Another Place Colonel Tod Relates That Samba Obtained Possession Of The Tracts On Both ...

Jheel Hind
Jheel. Hind. A Marsh Or Lake. The Jheels Of Eastern Bengal Owe Their Origin Chiefly To The Excessive Rainfall Of The Khassya And Sylhet Hills, And To The Overflow Of The Surma. They Occupy An Immense Area, Fully 200 Miles In Diameter From N.e. To S.w., Which Is Almost Entirely ...

Jhelum
Jhelum, A Town In The Panjab, In Lat. 55' 26" N., Long. 73° 46' 36" E., With Upwards Of 5000 Inhabitants. It Is The Headquarters Town Of A District Of The Same Name. The Kshatriya Hindus Here Are Traders And Money-lenders ; The Arora Are Husbandmen. The Industrious Jat Are ...

Jimach
Jimach, Also Called 1vokliab. Dr. Francis Buchanan Hamilton, In Shahabad District, Saw A Jimach Attack A Very Strong Falcon As It Was Hovering Over A Bush Into Which It Had Driven A Partridge. The Moment The Falcon Spied The Jimach, It Gave A Scream And Flew Off With The Utmost ...

Jin Arab
Jin. Arab. A Demon, An Evil Spirit ; One Of The Fabled Genii. They Are Not Restricted To Any Particular Region, But The Gigantic Monsters, Called Dev, Reside Peculiarly Among The Rocks And Forests Of Masandaran Or Hyrcania. In Muhammadan Belief There Are Reckoned Five Distinct Orders Of Such Creatures, ...

Joannes Damascenus
Joannes Damascenus, Son Of Sergius, A Christian Who For Many Years Was Treasurer To The Khalif Mansur. Sergius Had A Son, To Whom He Gave The Best Education, His Chief Tutor Being Cosmos, An Italian Monk Who Had Been Taken Prisoner By The Saracens And Sold As A Slave At ...

Joasmi
Joasmi. Of The Maritime Chiefs Of The Persian Gulf With Whom The British Government Have Concluded Treaties, Are The Joasmi Chief Of Ras-ul Khyma, And Shargah, The Chief Of The Ban-i-as Tribo Of Abu-thabee Or Bu Debaye, The Chief Of The Bu Filasa Tribe Of Debaye, A Branch Of The ...

Jodh Bai
Jodh Bai Was The Daughter Of Raja Maldeo, And Sister Of Oody Singh Of Jodhpur In Marwar. In 1569, Oody Singh Gave Her In Marriage To Akbar, Whose Favourite She Soon Became, And A Few Months After Their Union, She And Akbar Made A Pilgrimage On Foot To The Tomb ...

Jodhpur
Jodhpur, The Capital Of The Rajput State Of Marwar, In Lat. 17' N., And Long. 73' 4' E. It Was Built By Rao Jodha In A.d. 1549. The River Luni Is The Most Marked Feature In The Physical Aspect Of Marwar. The Only Important Lake Is The Famous Salt Lake ...

Jogi Or
Jogi Or Yogi Is A Term Properly Applied To The Followers Of The Yoga Or Patanjala School Of Philo Sophy, Which, Amongst Other Tenets, Maintained The Practicability Of Acquiring, Even In Life, Entire Command Over Elementary Matter, By Means Of Certain Ascetic Practices, Consisting Of Long-con 1 Tinued Suppression Of ...

Johar Or
Johar Or Jauhar, A General Sacrifice In War, To Which Rajputs Resorted When Pressed By Over Whelming Numbers. Colonel Tod Relates That On One Occasion When Jeysulmir Was So Pressed, Mulraj And Ruttun Repaired To Tho Palace Of Their Queens, And Told Them To Take The Sohag, And Pre Pare ...

John Gerard Koenig
Koenig, John Gerard, A Native Of Cour Land And Pupil Of Linnaeus. He Travelled In Ice Land In The Year 1765, And Arrived At Tranquebar, In India, In The End Of 1768 Or Beginning Of 1769. He Was Physician To The Tranquebar Mission In The Karnatic ; But His Enthusiasm, ...

Johore
Johore, Formerly The Chief City Of The Empire Of That Name, And Residence Of The Sultan, Is Situated About 20 Miles Up The River So Called. The Town Was Founded Iu A.d. 1511 Or 1512 By Sultan Muhammad Shah It. Of Malacca, Who, After His Ex Pulsion From That Place ...

Johya
Johya, A Rajput Tribe In The Tracts About Pakpattan, Along The Sutlej. The Johya, Dahya, And Mangalya Tribes Are Now Muhammadan, But Are Few Either In The Valley Or Desert, As Also Are The Bairowi, A Class Of Baluch, And The Khairowi, Jangria, (anat., And Baggria, Descended From The Pramar ...

Jones
Jones. Captain Felix Jones Entered The Indian Navy In 1828, And For The Succeeding Quarter Of A Century Was Uninterruptedly Em Ployed In Almost Every Survey Of Importance On Which The Officers Of His Service Were Engaged. Though A Mere Boy Of Seventeen When He Com Menced Work In The ...

Jonesia Asoka
Jonesia Asoka. Roxb. Ii. P. 220. J. Pinnata, Willde. I Saraca Pinnata, Willde. J. Indica, Rheede. S. Arboreacens, Burnt. Asok, . . . Beng. Jassoondi, . . Konkan. A-thau-ka-pho, . Bum. Kankeli, . . . Sansk. Ashunkar, . . . Can. Diya Rat Mayl, . Singh. Wu-yu•wha, . . Chin. ...

Josaphat
Josaphat, A Corruption Of Bodhisatwa. Barlaam And Josaphat, A Romance Ascribed To St. John Of Damascus, Has Been So Completely Received Into The Bosom Of The Latin Church, That The Names Of ' The Holy Saints Barlaam And Josaphat Of India, On The Borders Of Persia,' Have Been Canon Ized, ...

Joshi
Joshi, Limn., Also Called Jon, Jotisi, And Joti Saru, Is An Astronomer, An Astrologer, In General ; Professing Astrology And Fortune - Telling, And Employed In Casting Nativities. In Upper India, The Name Is Applied To An Inferior Order Of Brahmans Following This Occupation ; In The Dekhan, To A ...

Joshua Marshman
Marshman, Joshua, Colleague Of Carey And Ward, Born In 1768 At Westbury Leigh, The Son Of A Weaver And Baptist Minister. He Arrived In India In 1799. Johu Clark Marsh Man, His Eldest Son, Was Born August 1794, Accompanied His Father To Serampur In 1800, And From 1812, For Nearly ...

Juglans Regia
Juglans Regia. Linn. Walnut Tree. Kas-shin, . . . 11110t. Dun . . . ' . Kangr.k. Hu-t'au Heh-t'au, Chin. Ka Botang,. . Ladakh. . . „ Starga, . . . Akrot, . . Hind., Pers. Than, Khor, Darga, Ravi. Oharmaghz, „ „ Ughz, Waghz, J. Regia Extends From Greece ...

Jumna Or
Jumna Or Jamuna, A River Of The North- Western Provinces And Of The Panjab. It Rises In The Himalayas, In The Native State Of Garhwal, About 5 Miles N. Of Jumnotri, And About 8 Miles N.w. Of The Lofty Mountain Bandarpanch (20,731 Feet), In Lat. 31° 3' N., And Long. ...

Juniperus E X C
Juniperus E X C Elsa. Biel). Apurs, . Pencil Cedar, . . Eno. Shukpa, . . Cuf.nan. Chalai, . . . Jhelum. Shur, Shukpa, . Ladakh, Spit'. Lewar (deodar), „ Shurgu, . . . Sutlej. The Sacred Juniper Of The Kanawari And Tibetan Is Common In The Upper And More ...

Jute
Jute, Corchorus Capsularis ; C. Olitorius. Ghi Nalita Pat, . Beng. Pat, Koshta, . . Hind. Hei-ma, . . Chin. Bhungi, Isband, . „ Jews' Mallow, . . Eng. Patta, . . . This Fibre Has Long Been Known In India, As In Use In The Manufacture Both Of Cordage ...

Kaba
Ka'ba. Aiukn. A Cube ; Also The Square Building In Mecca, Held In Reverence By 3iuham =dans, By Whom It Is Frequented Inpilg,rimage. Tibban Asaad Abu Kariba Or Abu Karib, Com Monly Called Tobba, One Of The Most -warlike Of The Himyarite Monarchs, Was The First Who, About A.d. 206, ...

Kabir
Kabir, The Most Celebrated Of The Twelve Disciples Of The Hindu Reformer Ramanand. He Lived At The Beginning Of The 15th Century (1380 1449). He Assailed The Whole System Of Idolatrous Worship, And, In A Style Peculiarly Suited To The Genius Of His Countrymen, He Ridiculed The Learn Ing Of ...

Kablai Khan
Kablai Khan, Emperor Of The Chinese And Eastern Oriental Tartars, Was The Sovereign Of The Most Enormous Empire That The Annals Of The World Have Ever Made Known. It Comprehended The Whole Of China, Corea, Tibet, Tonquin, Cochin-china, A Great Part Of India Beyond The Ganges, Many Islands Of The ...

Kabul
Kabul, The Name Of A City And A River On The N.w. Borders Of British India, Under The Rule Of The Barakz.ai Clan Of Afghans. The Origin Of The Name Kabul Has Not Been Traced. It Is Not Mentioned By Any Of The Greek Or Roman Writers, Who Were Familiar ...

Kach Gandava
Kach Gandava, A District Or Section Of Baluchistan, On The East Of Which The Capital Is Gandava. It Is A Great Level Tract, Inhabited By Three Very Distinctly-marked Races, The Jet (jat), The Rind (including The Maghazzi), And The Brahui. The Jat Seem The Prior Race, And Occupy The Centre ...

Kachar
Kachar, A Territory In The Northern Part Of The Valley Of Assam, North-west Of Bishnath And North-east Of Gowhatty. The Kachari Also Dwell In The Mountains South Of The Assam Valley, And To The East Of Munipur, In Lat. 24° 40'n., And Long. 93° E. Kachari, Or I3orro Or Bodo ...

Kadaphes Or
Kadaphes Or Kadphises, A Dynasty Of Three Rulers, Who Reigned In Kabul From The Downfall Of The Kingdom Of Vikramaditya. Sir Walter Elliot Says The Kadphises And Kanerki Were Indo-scythic Invaders Who Estab Lished Themselves For A Time In The North Of India, And Even Penetrated To The Dekhan. Coins ...

Kader
Kader, A Race Occupying The Animallay Hills R In Coimbatore, It Not Higher Than 4000 To 5000 Feet. They Are The Lords Of The Hills, And Exercise Some Influence Over The Puliar And :11alai Arasar Races. They Carry A Gun, And Even Loads As A Favour, But They Do Not ...

Kafir
Kafir, Also Called Siah Posh Kafir, Are Names Applied By Muhammadans To A Race Who Occupy The Mountainous Region On The Southern Slopes Of The Hindu Kush, Directly North Of Kabul, Bounded On The North By The Hindu Kush Moun Tains, On The South By The Kunar Range ; For ...

Kai Tam
Kai. Tam. Kar, Tel. The Hand. Idan-kai, The Left-hand Caste ; Valan-kai, The Right-hand. Kai-kara, Workers In Basket Work. Extensively Combined To Indicate Handiwork And Pecuniary And Revenue Transactions, As Kai-karan, An Arti Ficer ; Kai-kilan, A Weaver By Caste And Occu Pation. Kaikari Or Kaikadi, Any Handicraftsman, In Berar ...

Kailwa
Kailwa, A Small Territory In Rajputana, Famed In Rajput Story. When Salumbra Of Chitore Fell At The Gate Of The Sun, The Command Devolved On Putta Of Kailwa. He Was Only Sixteen. His Father Had Fallen In The Last Shock, And His Mother Had Survived But To Rear This, The ...

Kajar
Kajar, The Tribe To Which The Reigning Family Of Persia Belong. They Are One Of The Seven Turkish Tribes Which Supported Shah Ismail, One Of The First Kings Of The Suffavi Dynasty, About A.d: 1500, When He Raised The Sect Of The Shiah To Importance, And Made Their Belief The ...

Kakkola
Kakkola, Also Kakkoloka. Sans., Tel. A Perfume Obtained From A Berry. It Is Oval, With A Thick, Green, Sebaceous, Fragrant Integu Ment, Which Dries And Shrinks With Age, Becoming A Thin, Greyish Epidermis. Within This Is An Aro Matic Kernel, Abounding With A Resin Which Is Inflammable, Slightly Soluble In ...

Kalabagh
Kalabagh, In Lat. 32° 57' N., And Long. 35' E., In The Panjab. .the Mean Height Of The Town, 790 Feet Above The Sea ; Kalabagh Peak, Above 2357 Feet. The Indus Is Here Compressed By Mountains Into A Deep Channel 350 Yards Broad. The Mountains On Each Side Have ...

Kalah Or
Kalah Or Killah. Arab. A Castle, A Fortress. Kala-jabar Or Ilasn-jabar, Near The Euphrates, The Ezion-geber Of The Bible (1 Kings Ix. 26, 27). Kalat-ar-rum, On Tho Euphrates, South Of Edessa. Kalat Ul Mudik Occupies The Site Of Apameia. Asshur Or Assur Was Originally The Name Of A City On ...

Kali
Kali, A Goddess Of The Hindus, Whom Their Mythology Recognises As A Form Of Parvati, And Called Also Maha-kali, Durga, Bhawani, And Devi. Kali Is The Consort Of Siva, In His Destroying Character Of Time. As Such, She Is Painted Of A Black Or Dark-blue Complexion. In Pictures, She Is ...

Kali Kutki Hind
Kali-kutki. Hind. Picrorhiza Kurrooa, In Most Books On Indian Medicine Kali - Kutki, Is Termed Helleborus Niger, But It Is, In The Druggists' Shops, Exactly Similar To Kaur, The Produce Of The Picrorhiza, While The Asarun, Which Even In The Native Name Attests Its Resemblance To The Asarum Europeutn, Is ...

Kalidasa
Kalidasa, A Great Dramatist And Epic Poet Of Northern India, And, According To Hindu Tradition, The Father Of The Erotic Lyric. He Lived About The Beginning Of The 6th Century A.d. Ho Is Men Tioned With Bharavi, Another Famous Poet, In An Inscription Dated 507 Saka Era, Or A.d. 585-586. ...

Kalighat
Kalighat, A Village Situated On The Bank Of The Old Bed Of The Ganges, A Few Miles South Of Calcutta, Lat. 22° 31' 30" N., Long. 88° 23' E. It Contains A Temple In Honour Of Kali. Her Dead Body Was Carried Over The World By Her Husband Siva, Until ...

Kalinga
Kalinga Is The Calingm Proximi Marl Of Pliny. The ,anelent Kingdoms Of The Peninsula Of India Were The Pandiya, Chola, And Kalinga, And, B.c. 75, An Expedition Left The Ancient Kalinga Kingdom, And Formed A Colony In Java. The Kalinga Chalukya Dynasty Ruled At Raja Mundry And In The Northern ...

Kallar
Kallar, A Race In The Southern Part Of The Peninsula Of India, In The Trichinopoly, Madura, And Tanjore Districts. They Are Known In Orine And Older Writers As The Collery. They And The Maravar Take Dever As A Tribal Name. Kallar In Tamil Means Thief. In Very Early Times The ...

Kama
Kama, Amongst The Hindu Deities, Takes The Place Of Cupid. Ananga Is A Poetical Epithet, Literally Incorporeal ; From A, Privative, And Anga, A Body. Endeavouring To Influence Siva With Have For His Wife Parvati, He Discharged An Arrow At Him, But Siva, Enraged, Reduced Him To Ashes By A ...

Kambojia
Kambojia, A Small Territory Lying Between Siam And Cochin-china, Containing About 500,000 People, Of Whom Four-fifths Are The Native Kho. It Contains The Four Provinces, Potisat, Kampong Suai, Kampong, And Kampot Son. Kambodia, Kamboja,kaboja, Or Cambodia Was Anciently Called Kam-phu-cha ; Its Modern Name Is Khmer. Its Commerce Is In ...

Kamrup
Kamrup, A British District In The Central Portion Of Assam. It Lies Between Lat. 25° 50' And 26° 53' N., And Between Long. 40' And 92° 2' E. Its Great River Is The Brahmaputra, Which Is Navigable By Steamers All The Year Through. Its Aboriginal Tribes Are The Ahom, Cachari, ...

Kanauj
Kanauj, A District Or Province In Hindustan, Known Also As Kenya Kubja. It Takes Its Name From Kanauj, An Ancient City In Farrakhabad District, North-western Provinces, In Lat. 27° 2' 30" N., And Long. 79° 58' E. Kanouj For Many Hundred Years Was The Hindu Capital Of Northern India, But ...

Kanaujia Or
Kanaujia Or Canoujia. Hum. A Designation Of Various Tribes In Hindustan, Implying A Notion Of Their Having Come Originally From Kanouj Or Kenya Kubja. It Is Especially Applied To A Large And Influential Tribe Of Brahmans. Five Chief Subdivisions Of Them Are Reckoned, All Numerous And Well Known,—kanaujia Proper, Sarwaria, ...

Kandahar
Kandahar, A Town In Afghanistan, Situated In Lat. 31° 37' N., And Long. 65° 30' E., Between The Arghandab And Tarnak River, 89 Miles South West Of Khilat-i-ghilzai, 233 Miles South-west Of Ghazni, 318 South-west Of Kabul, And 380 South East Of Herat. It Is Said To Have Been Founded ...

Kandii
Kandii, Written Also Kond, Khond, And Ku, A Race In The N.e. Part Of The Peninsula, In The Tributary Mahals Lying Between The Eastern Borders Of Gondwana And The Sea, Up To Lat. 22° N., And South To Bastar. In 1835, When Engaged In Suppressing A Rebellion In Gumsur, The ...

Kandoba
Kandoba, A Male Deity Of Jejuri In The Bombay Dekhan Between Sassoor And Satara, Also Called Kandeh Rao. He Is Represented As An Armed Horseman, And Is Regarded As An Incarna Tion Of Siva. About The Beginning Of December, On The Gth Of Margashirsh, A Great Festival And Fair Are ...

Kandy
Kandy, In Lat. 7° 17' N., Long. 80° 49' E., One Of The Principal Towns In The Interior Of Ceylon. Bellungallee Village, S.w. Of Kandy, Is 2259 Feet; Matina Patin, S. Of Kandy, Is 3201 Feet ; Peredenia Is 1650 Feet. Kandy Is A Table-land With A Chief Town Of ...

Kanerki
Kanerki. At The Close Of The First Century Of The Christian Era, When The Supposed Ario Parthian Dynasty Ceased To Reign In Kabul And The Panjab, A New Race Of Scythian Kings Ap Peared, Who Issued Gold And Copper Money Of Quite A Different Device And Style From Anything Before ...

Kangra
Kangra, A Town In The Panjab, In Lat. 32° 5 14" N., And Long. 76° 17' 46" E. It Is The Chic Town Of A District Of The Same Name, Lying Betweer Lat. 20' And 33° N., And Between Long. 75° 39 And 78° 35' E. ; Area (1878), 8988 ...

Kanishka
Kanishka, A King Who Ruled In Kashmir And N.w. India In The 1st Century, About A.d. 40; But His Sway Extended To Both Sides Of The Himalaya, From Yarkand And Khok And To Agra And Sind. He Was The Most Famous Of The Saka Conquerors. Under Him Was Held The ...

Kaniya
Kaniya, A Name Of Krishna, Who Is Also Known As Nonita. The Infantine Appellation Of Kaniya, When He Pastured The Kine Of Cesana In The Woods Of Vindra, Whence The Ceremony Of The Sons Of Hindu Princes Assuming The Crook, And On Particular Days Tending The Flocks. As Muralidliara, Or ...

Kankizowlee Lake
Kankizowlee Lake, Also Called Raj Sa Mund, Was Formed By Rai Singh, Rana Of Mewar, At A Cost Of £1,150,000. It Was Commenced In A.d. 1661, During A Period Of Famine, And Was Finished In 1668. This Great National Work Is 25 Miles N. Of Udaipur, The Capital, And Is ...

Kaofu
Kaofu, An Ancient Name For The Region Now Called Afghanistan. For Several Centuries, Both Before And After The Christian Era, The Indian Language And Religion Were Predominant Through Out All Afghanistan, From The Bolan Pass In The South, To Bamian And Kandahar On The West. This Large Tract Was Then ...

Kaolin Chin
Kaolin. Chin. Porcelain Clay. Kau-ling-t'u, . . Cols. I Kiri-matti, . . Peh-ngool, . . . . „ This Is The Aluminous Ingredient Of Chinese Porcelain, Named After A Bill Near Kin-teli-chin, In The Kiang-si Pottery District. It Is A Silicate Of Alumina. Petun-tsze Is The Silicious Element In Chinese ...

Kaotsche
Kaotsche. A Characteristic Feature In Cen Tral Asiatic Traditions Is The Derivation Of Their Origin From Some Animal. According To The Testimony Of Chinese History, The Goa Gni (kao Tsche), Otherwise Known As The Tele Or Chili People, Sprang From A Wolf And A Beautiful Hun Princess. One Of The ...

Kapurdigiri
Kapurdigiri, A Town With Buddhist Remains Near Peshawur. The Buddhist Remains Now Ex Isting In India Are Of Four Distinct Classes, 1st, Cave Temples, Containing Topes, Sculptures, Naintinirs. And Numerous Inserintions : 2d. Vihara Or Monasteries; 3d, Inscriptions On Rocks And Pillars ; 4th, Topes Or Religious Edifices. The Vihara ...

Kapurthala
Kapurthala, A Native State In The I'anjab, Tying Between Lat. 31° 9' And 39' 30' N., And Long. 75° 3' 15" And 38' 30" E. Area, 800 Square Miles. The Chiefs Are Sikhs Of The Jat Tribe. The Chief Of Kapurthala At One Time Held Possessions Both In Cis And ...

Karachi Or
Karachi Or Kara-tchi, A People In Northern Persia Who Resemble Gypsies In Many Respects, Besides The Use Of A Particular Dialect Or Jargon Among Themselves. They Prefer Tents To Houses, Pilfer Eggs, Poultry, Linen, And Other Things ; Tell Fortunes By Inspecting The Palm Of The Hand, And Are Nearly, ...

Karachi Or_2
Karachi Or Kurachee, A. Seaport Town Of Sind, In Lat. 24° 51' 0" N., And Long. .4' 15" E., At The Extreme Northern End Of The Indus Delta, Near The Southern Base Of The Pabb Mountains In Baluchistan. It Is The Chief Town In The Province Of Sind. It Was ...

Karang Bolong
Karang Bolong, A District In The Resid Ency Of Baglan, Division Ambal, On The Southerly Sea-coast, Between The Rivers Chinching Golong And Djetis. 4000 Able-bodied Men Of This District Find A Livelihood By Gathering Edible Birds' Nests, As Fishers, And In Cultivating Sawa. Their Bird Nesting Is Accompanied By Various ...

Karao
Karao, Seemingly From Karana, To Cause To Do, The Term Given Among The Jat, Gujar, Ahir, And Other Races And Tribes In N.w. Hindustan To Concubinage Generally, But More Especially To Marriages Of Widows With The Brother Of A Deceased Husband. This Practice Is Known To The Eastward Of The ...

Karen
Karen Is A Burmese Word Applied To Many Of The Mountaineers In Pegu And Southern Burma. Some Of Them Are Known As The White, Red, And Black Karen, From The Colours Of Their Clothes ; Also Burmese Karen And Talaing Karen, As Dwelling Amongst These Nations. The Shan Call Them ...

Karmati
Karmati Sect Is An Offshoot Of The Ismaili Heresy, And Is Often Confounded With It. There Were Some Points Of Doctrinal Difference, But The Uninitiated Were Ignorant Of Them, And Unable To Distinguish Them ; So The Two Names Came To Be Often Used Indifferently. Orthodox Writers, Hating And Despising ...

Karnatic Or
Karnatic Or Carnatic, A Term Applied By Modern Geographers To The Low Country Below The Ghats On The Coromandel Or Eastern Coast Of The Peninsula Of India, Also Known As The Dravida Or Tamil Country. But The Karnatika, Kannadi, Or Canarese Language Is Spoken In The Centre Of The Peninsula. ...

Karund
Karund, A Town In The South Of Persia ; The Inhabitants Are All Illahi, Worshippers Of Ali, Whom They Consider As God ; They Eat Pork, Drink Fermented Liquors, Never Pray, Never Fast In Ramzan, And Are Cruel And Savage In Their Habits. Although Almost Always In Revolt Against Persia, ...

Kashgar
Kashgar. The City Of Kashgar Was Founded A.d. 1513 By Mirza Abubakr. Kashgar State, In 1877, Was Estimated By Sir D. Forsyth To Have 145,000 Houses, With 1,015,000 Inhabitants. Khotan, . . . 129,500 Kara Shahr, . . 56,000 Yarkand, . . 224,000 Turfan, . . . . 126,000 Yangi ...

Kashmir
Kashmir, A Native State In Political Connec Tion With The Government Of India. It Extends From Lat. 32° 17' To 36° 58' N., And Long. 73° 26' To 80° 30' E. Area, 79,781 Square Miles ; Population In 1881, About 1,500,000. The State Comprises, In Addition To The Districts Of ...

Kashmir Dominion
Kashmir Dominion, As At Present Formed, Comprises The Provinces Of Jamu, Kashmir, Kisht War, Zanskar, Ladakh, And Balti, An Area Of 68,000 Square Miles. The Territory Is Ruled By A Raj Put Sovereign Of The Dogar Clan ; But The People Of The Vale Of Kashmir Are Of Aryan Descent. ...

Kasia Or
Kasia Or Khasiya, A Race Occupying The Hill S S Of The Valley Of The Brahmaputra, In Lat. 25° 20' To 28 7' N., Long. 52' To 92° 11' E., Between Cherra Punji And The Shillong Mountain. 'rho Kasia Are The Ablest Bodied Of The Borderers Of Assam, And Differ ...

Kasr Or
Kasr Or Al-kasar, A Mound Of Ruins In The Vicinity Of Baghdad. This Mound Of Ancient Babylon Is Supposed To Belong To The Hanging Gardens Which Were On Its Western Side. There Are Still To Be Seen Beautiful Tiers And Buttresses. In One Of The Corners Is A Rough Stone ...

Katha Smut Sagara
Katha Smut Sagara, The Ocean Of The Streams Of Narrative, Or The Watery Ocean Of Stories, Reconstructed By Somarleva Bhatta Of Kashmir, About The Beginning Of The 12th Century. The Lost Vrihat-katha, 'the Large Or Extended Narrative,' Was The Great Collection Of Indian Tales Supposed To Have Been Written In ...

Kaurava
Kaurava, Descendants Of Kuru, But Com Monly Applied To The Sons Of King Dhritarashtra By His Wife Gandhari ; The Kaurava And Pandava Therefore Were Cousins-german. The Poem Of The Mahabharata Contains 100,000 Verses; The Groundwork Of The Poem, The Kaurava And Pandava War, Contains 24,000 Verses. This Leading Story ...

Kayastil
Kayastil Kayastha, Kait Or Kaest, Mimbered In India 2,159,813 In 1881. The Tribe Has Twelve Divisions, Of Which The Gaur Kayasth Is One. Their Habitual Language Of Correspondence Is The Persian ; T Hey Are Largely Etnployed As Clerks And Accountants About Native Courts. They Say That They Spring From ...

Kayu Malay
Kayu. Malay. Wood, Timber, A Tree. It Is Always Prefixed To The Natnes Of Timber Trees ; Hence Kayu Amballo, A Timber Tree Of Bawean. Kayu-api-api, Rhisophora Gymnorhiza, Man Grove. Kayu-araug, Charcoal. Kayu Balean Wood Is The Most Esteemed Amongst The Natives Of Borneo, On Account Of Its Hardness And ...

Kazak
Kazak, A Nomado Race, Known In Europe As The Cossack, And Erroneously The Kirghiz, For The People Only Style Themselves Kazak. 'they Are Extended Through The Northern Desert Lands Of Central Asia. Like All The Turkoman, They Have Many Subdivisions, With Branches, Families, And Lines, But The European Classification Into ...

Keane
Keane. Lord John Keane, An Officer Of The British Army, Born 1781, Was Commander-in-chief, Bombay Army, From 2d July 1834 To 14th February 1840. In 1839, Commanded The Army' Sent By The British Against Afghanistan, Then Ruled By Host Muhammad Khan. Lie Led The Army Through The Territories Of Bahawulpur, ...

Kedah Or
Kedah Or Quedah Is Called In Siamese Muang Sai, Or The Sai Kingdom. It Extends From Trang River, In Hit. 20' N., To The Krian, In Lat. 5° 10' N. The Trang Formerly Divided It From Siam. Several Tribes Are Within Its Limits. The Semang And Udai Reside In The ...

Keeling Islands
Keeling Islands, Also Called Cocos, In The Indian Ocean, South Of Sumatra, Were Discovered In 1608-9 By Captain W. Keeling, E.i.c. Service. Till 1823 They Were Little Known, But Then Alexander Hare Established Himself On The S.e. Island With A Party Of Malays And Malay Women. He Was Afterwards Joined ...

Keijama
Keijama, A Llindu Raja Whose Name Is Im Mortalized In Southey's Curse Of Kellam& By Penance, He Acquired Supernatural Power. His Son Arvalan Attempted To Force Kaliyal, Daughter Of Ladurlad, And Her Father Slew Him With A Stake, On Which Kehama Cursed Him, But Father And Daughter Escaped To Mount ...