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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 20

A Nufactures
A Nufactures. West Virginia Has A Good Basis For The Development Of The Manufacturing Industry. The Value Of The State's Manufactured Products Increased 91.7 Per Cent. Between 1890 And 1900, Being Estimated In The Latter Yea• At 871,177,681. There Were 33.08.5 Persons Engaged In The Industry. Or 3.5 Per Cent, ...

Adolf Wagner
Wagner, Adolf (1s35—). A Ger Man Economist. Horn At Erlangen. He Studied Jurisprudence And Political Science At Giittingen And Heidelberg; In 1858 Became Professor Of Political Economy And Finance At The Dal Academy At Vienna ; In 1865 Was Made Professor Of Statistics At The University Of Dorpat; In 1s68 ...

Agatihn
Agatihn Of Disease By.) Nee The Tion Of The True Etiology Of Yellow Fever, And The Institution Of Sanitary Reforms In Cuba Based On This Knowledge, The Disease Has Eomplet4 Disappeared From That Island. Its Occurrence In Hot And Moist Areas And At Low Levels Coincides With The Distribution Of ...

Agriculture
Agriculture. In 1900 4.724.440 Acres, Or 80.8 Per Cent. Of The Area, Were Included In Farms. The Decade 1890-1900 Was Characterized By A Large Decrease In The Improved Land, But A Much Larger Increase In The Acrea Of Unimproved Farm Land. The Average Size Of Farms In 1900. 142.7 Acres, ...

Agriculture And Stock Raising
Agriculture And Stock-raising. Wyoming Is One Of The Most Arid States In The Union, And Practically No Crops Can Be Grown Without Irri Gation. The Agricultural Land Of The State, As A Whole, Lies At A Greater Altitude Than That Of Any Other State, And The Character Of Agriculture, Methods, ...

Agriculture And Stockazaising
Agriculture And Stockazaising. Venlezu Elm's Chief Industry Is Agriculture. However, Only About One-third Of The Area Is Estimated As Culti Vable, And Of This Cultivable Portion Only About One-third Is Tilled. Coffee Easily Ranks First, Both As All Agricultural Product And As All Article Of Export, But Its Cultivation Has ...

Agriculture_2
Agriculture. In 1900 There Were 19,802,727 Acres, Or 57 Per Cent. Of The State's Area, Included In Farms. Of This Area 11.247,972 Acres Were Im Proved. The Average Size Of Farms Has Remained Almost Constant Since 1800, The Average In 1900 Being 117 Acres. The Farms Are Largest In The ...

Alexander 1524 91 Winchell
Win'chell, Alexander (1524-91). An American Geologist. He Was Born At Northeast, Dinehess County. N. V., And Was Graduated At Wesleyan University In 1847. After Teaching Natural Science In Several Schools And Acting As Principal Of Schools In Alabama, He Was Elected Professor Of Physics And Civil Engineering In The University ...

Alexander 170 Wilson
Wilson, Alexander ( 170),- Si3 . An American Ornithologist, Born At L'aisley, In Scotland. Lie Worked For Somne Time As A Weaver, And Then Became A Peddler. In 1790 He Pub Lished A Volume Of Poems, The Third Edition Of Which Appeared In 1791. In The Following Year He Published ...

Alexander Wekerle
Wekerle, Alexander (1545—). An Hungarian Political Leader, Born At Moor, In The County Of Stuhlweissenburg. After Pursu Ing The Study Of Law He Received A Post In The Ministry Of Finance In 1870, Holding At The Same Time The Position Of Privat-docent In Financial And Administrative Law At The University ...

Alfred Russel Wallace
Wal'lace, Alfred Russel An English Naturalist And Philosopher. Ile Was Born January S, 1822, At Usk, In .alonmouthshire, And Fitted Himself For Work As A Surveyor And Engineer. Then Became English Master In The Collegiate School At Leicester. Wallace, Already Interested In Botany And Insects, Was Greatly Aroused By Darwin's ...

Altust Weismann
Weismann, Altust ( 1834—). A Distinguished German Zofilogist. He Was Born January 17. 1834, At Frankfort-on-the-slain, Studied Medicine At Gottingen, Was Clinical As Sistant At Rostock In 1856-57, Went To Vienna In 1858, To Italy In 1859, And In 1860 To Paris. In 1863 He Studied Zofilogy As A Pupil ...

American Wines
American Wines. About The Middle Of The Sixteenth Century Wine Was Made In Florida From Wild Grapes, And Unsuccessful Attempts Were Made By The Early Settlers Of Virginia To Establish Wine-making, As A Permanent Industry. In 1664 A Man Named Richards Received Per Mission From The First English Governor Of ...

Anapestic Rhythms
Anapestic Rhythms. Aiiiiintstic Verses Are Much More Numerous In Greek Than In Latin. As The Latter Language Does Not Lend Itself Readily To This Measure. The Most Common Metrical Equivalents For The Anapest ( —) Are The Spondee (— , Dactyl (— And Rarely The Proecleusmatie (— The Verses Are ...

Andrew Dickson White
White, Andrew Dickson ( 1s32—) . An American Educator, Diplomat, And Author, Born At Homer, N. Y. He Graduated At Yale In 1853; Studied For Some Time In Paris; Was Attaché To The United States Legation At Saint Petersburg During Part Of The Crimean War; Studied In The University Of ...

Anfon Alexander Von 1843
Werner, An'fon Alexander Von ( 1843 —). A German Illustrator And Historical Paint Er. He Was Horn At Frankfort-on-the-oder. And Was Educated First In Berlin And Karlsruhe. And Then In Paris And Italy. His Earliest, And Per Haps His Best. Work *as In The Line Of Illustra Tion. For His ...

Anthony 1745 06 Wayne
Wayne, Anthony (1745-06). An American Soldier, Prominent In The Revolutionary War. He Was Born At Easttown. Pa., And Was Edu Cated At Philadelphia. At The Age Of Eighteen He Was Employed As A Land-surveyor, And In 1765 Was Selected By Benjamin Franklin And His Associates To Net As Agent And ...

Antiquities Of Yucatan
Yucatan, Antiquities Of. The Peninsula Of Yucatan, Which Was Divided Into A Number Of Independent States, Was Occupied By The Maya People At The Time Of The Discovery Of America. Their Most Trustworthy Tradition States That They Entered The Country From The Northwest, And . This Migration Was In Comparatively ...

Appendicitis
Appendicitis. The Appendix Is Not Uncom Monly The Seat Of Processes Accompanied By In Flammation, Perforation, A Ml Abscess. Attacks Of This Kind Are Termed Appendicitis. The Excit Ing Causes Arc Mechanical Or Chemical Irritation And Bacteria. The Disease Is Most Common In Individuals Be Tween Ten And Thirty Years ...

Atmospheric Disturbances
Atmospheric Disturbances. These Appear Mainly In Winds Of Great Violence, Frequently Of Tornadie Intensity, Which Pass In Advance Of The Clouds Of Eruption (in This Sense Compar Able With The Wind That Is Forced Ahead Of A Snow Avalanche), And Others Whose Course Is Di Rected Toward The Volcano, And ...

Australia
Australia. The Total Genera] Revenue In 1900 Was £7,722, 397 And The Expenditure £7.683.079. The Reve Nue From Taxation Amounted To 11,779,305. Of Which £1,063,397 Was Collected From Customs Duties. The Revenue From The Reproductive Pub Lic Works, Principally Railways And Tramways, Was £4.674,375. The Largest Items Of Expendi Ture ...

Australian Wines
Australian Wines. The Wines Of Australia Are Very Similar To Those Of California, And Are Popular In England. The Industry Is Growing Rapidly And Is Of Considerable Importance. Flu'acrt Wines. The Production Of Wine Is One Of The Leading Industries Of France, 78 Of The 86 Departments Producing It In ...

Balance
Balance) , And As Applied To Scales It May Be Illustrated By The Accompanying Diagram. Here We Have The Beam Hinged At 1 And Nu And Attached By A Rod No To The Scale Beam Oq. At Jkrs Is A U Shaped Lever Hinged To Fixed Pivots At J And ...

Banks
Banks. The Opposition To Banks Was So Strong In Vermont At The End Of The Eighteenth And The Beginning Of The Nineteenth Centuries That There Were Do Banks Until 1s06. In That Year A State Bank Was Established. Which Was Owned And Man Aged By The State. The Conditions Imposed ...

Banks_2
Banks. There Are No Records Of Ganized Banks In Virginia Before 1792, The Bank Ing Business Was Known In The State For A Century Before. And Was Conducted By Private Individuals. The Special Act Of 1777 Prohibiting The Issue Of Currency By Private Persons Shows How Common A Practice It ...

Battle Of Waterloo
Waterloo, Battle Of. The Decisive Bat Tle, The Culmination Of A Series Of Engagements Constituting A Brief Campaign, Which Finally An Nihilated The Power Of Napoleon. It Was Fought June Is, 1815, About Two Miles From The Village Of Waterloo, In Belgium, And Twelve Miles South Of Brussels. Napoleon Escaped ...

Battle Of The Wilderness
- Wilderness, Battle Of The. A Battle Of The Civil War In America, Fought On May 5-6. 1864, Between The Army Of The Potomac 'under General Meade, With General Grant In Supreme Command, And The Army Of Northern Virginia Under General Lee. The Wilderness Is A Region Of Dwarfed Woods ...

Benjamin 1735 1820 West
West, Benjamin (1735-1820). An Ameri Can Historical Painter. Ile Was Born At Spring Field, Pa., October 10, 1738. Of Quaker Parentage. Strange Stories Are Told Of His Youthful Talent ; How He Made His Own Brushes. And Gained His First Knowledge Of Mixing Colors From The In Dians. After Some ...

Benjamin Franklin 1800 78 Wade
Wade, Benjamin Franklin (1800-78). An American Political Leader, Born Of Humble Parent Age. Near West Springfield. Mass. Be Removed To Ohio In 1821 : Largely Supported Himself. And Finally Studied Law; Was Admitted To The Bar In 1827. And In 1831 Became The Partner Of Joshua B. Giddings (q.v.). He ...

Bibliograpi1y
Bibliograpi1y. Morrow And Hunt, Soils And Crops Of The Farm (chicago. 1892) ; Bulletin No. Of The United States Department Of Agricul Ture (washington, 1900) ; Goodfellow, Dietetic 'valve Of Bread (london. 1892) : Jago. Test-book Of The Science And Art Of Bread-making (ib., 1895) ; Kick, Flour Milling (ib., ...

Binocular Vision
Binocular Vision. The Two Eyes Ordinarily Act Together As A Single Instrument, And Sight Thus Obtained Is Known As Binocular Vision. Each Eye Has Its Own Field Of Vision: A Considerable Part Of The Inner Portion Of Each Field Overlaps The Other, Thus Forming A Binocular Field Of Vision. Although ...

Birth Rate As
Birth Rate. As A Rule In Old And Long-settled Countries The Birth Rate Is High Where The Death Rate Is High. The Converse, However, Is Not True, A Number Of Countries Having A Moderate Or High Birth Rate And At The Same Time A Low Death Rate. The Birth Rate ...

Bitiliograpiiy
Bitiliograpiiy. For Works, Consult Poetical And Prose Works, Together With Dorothy Ll'o•ds Worth's Journals, Ed. By W. Knight (eversley Series, 16 Vols., London And New York, 1896 Et Seq.) ; Poetical Ll'orks, Ed. By Knight (s Vols., Edinburgh. 1882-86) ; By E. A. Dowden (aldine Edition, 7 Vols., London, 1893) ...

Brauns Resonance System
Braun's Resonance System. Another Sys Tem Employing Resonance To Effect Syntonization Is Clue To Professor Ferdinand Braun Of Ger Many. The Oscillator And Resonator Consist Of Distinct Open And Closed Circuits, As Shown In The Diagram Fig. 17. In The Oscillator, A, The High Frequency Currents Surge Through The Closed ...

Brigham 1801 77 Young
Young, Brigham (1801-77). The Successor Of Joseph Smith. Jr., As President Of The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter Day Saints. (see Mormons.) He Was Born In Whitingham, Wind Hain County, Vt., June 1, 1801. He Removed To Mendon, Monroe County, N. Y., And Was Bap Tized Into The Mormon ...

Buildings
Buildings. A Conspicuous Object Is The Great Dome Of The Capitol, 288 Feet High, The Central Feature Of A Structure Which Stretches Along The Brow Of A Hill For 751 Feet. Its Width Is 350 Feet. The Main Structure Is Of Sandstone Painted White, While The Two Wings Occupied By ...

Camfaign Against Vicksburg
Vicksburg, Camfaign Against. The Cam Paign Or Series Of Operations In 1862 And 1863. During The Civil War, Which Had For Its Object The Capture By The Union Troops Under Generals Grant And Sherman Of Vicksburg, Miss. It. Was Pronounced By Sherman 'one Of The Greatest Eampaigns In History! The ...

Carolina
Carolina.) Virginia In History Proper Begins, However, With The Grant By James 1. On April 10, Dine,, Of Territory Two Hundred Miles Wide, Be Tween 34° And 45° North Latitude To Two Com Panies. Usually Called. Front The Residences Of Their Chief Incorporators, The London And The Ply Mouth Companies. ...

Carroll Davidson Wright
Wright, Carroll Davidson (1840—). An American Economist And Statistician, Born In Dunbarton. N. H. He Began To Study Law In 1860, But His Course Was Interrupted By The War, In Which He Served First As A Private And Finally As A Colonel In The Union Army. Resuming His Studies In ...

Cerm A Nw And
Cerm A Nw And Encilisii. There Has Been Of Late A Ieiudeoyyg Conspicuous Ly Represented By Sidney Lanier, To Break Away From Tradition And To Found An Independent Sci Ence Of English Verse. This Undertaking May Ultimately Lead To A New System, Which Shall Be At Once Simpler And More ...

Champagne
Champagne. True Champagne, Which Is Char Acterized By The Low Alcohol Content And High Acidity. Is Made In The Department Of Rheims, Or The Ancient Province Of Champagne, The Region Hieing Divided Into Six Districts. Ay, Bouzy, Erz Enay, Cramant, Pierre, And Monthelon, And The Products Of Each Being Classified ...

Characteristics And Properties Oe
Characteristics And Properties Oe Wool. W001 Is A Living Appendage Of The Skin. Produced By Increased Epidermal Cells. 'the Difference Be T Wool Wool And Hair Is One Of Degree Rather Than Of Kind, Because All Wool Bearing Animals Have The Tendency When Liculeet Cd To Produce Hair Rather Than ...

Charitable An Penal I
Charitable An!) Penal I Nstitctions. The Charitable And Penal Institutions Are In Charge Of A Bipartisan Board Of Control. Their Au Thority Includes The Management, Government, And Purchasing Of Supplies For The Institutions. There Are Two State Hospitals For The Insane, One At Fort Steilasoont And The Other At Medical ...

Charitable And Penal Institutions
Charitable And Penal Institutions. The State Maintains An Asylum For Incurables At Huntington, And Miners' Hospitals At Fairmont, Mckendree, And Welsh. Hospitals For The In Sane Are Located At Weston And At Spencer. Hav Ing In 1900 An Aggregate Of 1629 Inmates. There Are A School For The Deaf And ...

Charles 17981877 Wilkes
Wilkes, Charles (17981877). An _ameri Can Naval Officer And Explorer, Born In New York City. Lie Received A Common School Education, Entered The United States Navy As A Midship Man In Isis, Served In The Alediterranean And The Pacific, Became A Lieutenant In 1826, And In 1830 Was Placed In ...

Charles Didley 1s29 1900 Warner
Warner, Charles Di'dley (1s29-1900). An American Author, Born In Plainfield, Mass. Lle ;graduated At Hamilton College, N. Y., In 1851. After Spending A Short Time In Sur Veying On The Missouri Frontier (1853), He Re Turned To The East (1854) To Take Up The Study Of Low. Ile Graduated At ...

Charles Van Hiss
Van Hiss, Charles Ilterwin (1s57—). An American Geologist And Educator, Born At Fulton, Lie Graduated At The Ynive•sity Of Wis Consin In 1879, Served Successively On Its Faculty As Instructor In Chemistry And Metallurgy, As Sistant Professor Of Metallurgy. Professor Of Metallurgy, Professor Of Metallurgy And Petrolo Gy, And Professor ...

Chinese Wax
Chinese Wax. This Is Secreted By The Coccus Rcriferus (an Insect) And Deposited On The Twigs Of The Chinese Ash. From These It Is Removed Rq Hand And Melted In Hot Water To Remove Me Chanical Impurities. The Wax Is A Hard, Wlnte, Crystalline Solid, Without Taste Or Smell. It ...

Christian Temperance Union
Christian Temperance Union. A Well-known Organization Which Had Its Origin In The Great Temperance Crusade Of 1874. When The Force Of That Remarkable Rising Had Been Spent, And Reaction Was Felt, A Call Was Issued From Chautauqua In August. Signed By Mrs. Mattie Aleciellan Brown. Mrs. Jennie Fowler Willing, Mrs. ...

Cii Ort Ambic And
Cii Ort Ambic And Ionic Izitytitm S. Many Verses Once Called Cboriambic Are Now Regarded Ac Logacedie; Genuine Choriambics Are Exceedingly Rare, There Being Not Over Six Cases In Latin. — 1.4v &lc'a Rapcia I Oil Cro0os Of Wvowras ?•oph. 0. T. 4s4. Ut Neque Quid Me Faciam Nee Quid ...

Classification
Classification. Are Red Or White Ac Cording To The Method Of Their Manufacture. The Former Are Prepared By Fermenting Or Par Tially Fermenting On The Husks (skins). The Lat Ter After The Expression Of The Juice. Often Both Kinds Are Prepared From The Same Grape, But Of Course A Red ...

Commerce
Commerce. La Guayra And The Other Ports Of Venezuela Are Connected With The United States And Europe By Five Lines Of Steamers, Giving The Republic Almost Daily Communication With The Outside World. In 1900 The Coasting Trade Of Venezuela (in Which Foreign Vessels Are Not Permitted To Engage) Was Carried ...

Commercial Importance
Commercial Importance. While Is One Of The Most Important Agricultural Products Of The World, Being Made In Every Continent, And In Al Most Every Country Except Those Of The Extreme North. The World's Supply, In 1)101, Was Esti Mated At 4,14(1,753,600 Gallons, Which Is Equiva Lent To About 2.9 Gallons ...

Composition And Adulteration
Composition And Adulteration. The Con Stituents Of Grape Must Vary Considerably In Percentage With Season, Variety, State Of Ma Turity. Etc. The Principal Ones Are Water, Sugar, And Cream Of Tartar (hitartrate Of Potassium). In Cold Climates, Especially In Unfavorable Years, The Sugars Present (about Equal Parts Grape And Fruit ...

Concentration Cells
Concentration Cells. In The Extreme Ease In Which There Is No Chemical Energy To Convert Into Work, The Cell Becomes A Device For The Conver Sion Of Heat Alone Into The Energy Of The Current. It Is Then Known As A Concentration Cell. Thus, When Two Electrodes Of The Same ...

Conference
Conference. These Appropriate Headings It Will Be Seen That The Medical Corps Service On Land Has Been Neutralized; That The 1)111161)1es Of The Geneva Convention Establishing The Immunity Of Hospital :ind Medical Corps On Land Have Been Extended To Hospital Ships On Sea; And That The Restrictions In The Ease ...

Cornelius 1794 1877 Vanderbilt
Van'derbilt, Cornelius (179.4-1877). An American Capitalist And Financier, Born Near Stapleton, Staten Island, N. Y. He Had Prac Tically No Schooling. At The Age Of Sixteen He Es Tablished A Ferry Between Staten Island And New York For Passengers And Farm Products. At Eighteen He Owned Or Controlled Three Boats, ...

Council Of The Vatican
Vatican, Council Of The. A Council Held. In Rome In 1869-70 And Considered By Roman Catholies As The Twentieth Ecumenical Council. (see ('ouxrn..) In 300 Years After The Council Of Trent. Pope Phis In. His Purpose Of Lolling Another Eouncil. The Period Between This Announcement And The Publication Of The ...

Cum Ate
Cum Ate. There Is A Great Contrast Between The Climates Of Western And Eastern Washington, Owing To The Fact That The Cascade Range Con Denses The Greater Part Of The Moisture In The West Winds And Shuts Out The Tempering Influence Of The Sea. In Western 'washington The Climate Is ...

Dactylic Rhythms
Dactylic Rhythms. In All Dactylic Rhythms The Regular Substitute For The Dactyl (— )is The Spondee (— —). Lu Greek And Latin Alike The Dactylic Or Heroic Hexameter Is The Most Coin :non Form Of Verse, And Is Regularly Employed In Epic, Didactic, And Bucolic Poetry. [t Contains Six Feet, ...

Daniel Webster
Webster, Daniel ( . An Ameri Can Statesman, Orator, And Constitutional Lawyer. He Was Born In Salisbury (now Franklin), N. H., .january 18, 1782, Studied For A Few Months At Exeter Academy In 1797, Then Was Under The Care Of A Private Tutor For A Short Time, After Which Be ...

Department Of War
War, Department Of. An Executive Depart Ment Of The United States Government, Created By Act Of Congress Of August 7, 1789. It Has At Its Head A Secretary Appointed By The President By And With The Advice And Consent Of The Sen Ate For A Period Of Four Years. He ...

Diego Rod Riguez De
Velazquez (velasquez), Diego Rod. Riguez De Silva Y (1599-1660). The Chief Painter Of The Spanish School, One Of The Greatest Masters Of All Times. He Was Born At Seville, June 5, 1599, The Son Of Juan De Silva, Of A Noble Portuguese Family Established At Seville, And Of Geronima Velazquez. ...

Duke Or William Augustus
William Augus'tus, Duke Or Cratere La ( 1721-65). An English Commander. Ile Was The Third Son Of King George Ii., And Was Born In London, April 26 115), 1721. He Became Duke Of Cumberland In 1726. Ile Was Intended By His Father For The Navy, And In 17-10 Sa W ...

Earl 1820 133 Vandorn
Van Dorn, Earl ( 1820-133). An American Soldier Prominent On The Confederate Side In The Civil War. He Was Born Near Port Gibson. Miss.; Graduated At West Point In 1842, Was Appointed Second Lieutenant In The Seventh Infantry, And Served In Garrison Duty For Several Years. Ile Took Part In ...

Early
Early Crunstian, Byzantine, And Moham Medan. The Development Of The Basilical Church Involved The General Use Of Windows, And Many More Actual Example4 Have Remained Of This Period, Though They Arc Far From Being As Beautiful As Those Of The Roman Empire. The Normal Brick Window Of Early Christian And ...

Early Iiistory Of Tile
Early Iiistory Of Tile Vertebrata. The Vertebrates Probably Originated As Aquatic O• Marine Animals Partly Amphibious. From This Point They Split Into Two Great Sections, One, The Fishes, Becoming Entirely Marine, The Other Be Coming Amphibious Aml Giving Rise To The Land Vertebrates. These Amphibious Animals Are Most Nearly Represented ...

Early_2
Early Wootatts. The Origin Of Wood-engrav Ing Is A Matter Of Much Controversy. Wood Cuts, In Various Forms. Were Used To Print Or Stamp In Remotest Antiquity: By The Babylo Nians And Egyptians To Indent Bricks; By The Romans To Print Letters And Grotesques; Dur Ing The Aliddle Ages To ...

Education
Education, The Present Public School System Of Virginia Was Inaugurated In 1870, And As A Re Sult The School Attendance, Which Had Been Very Low In The Preceding Years, Rapidly Increased. In 1s70 The Attendance Was 59,000, While In 1871, After The New Law Went Into Operation, It Reached 158,000. ...

Education
Education. The Public Schools Are Under The Control Of A State Superintendent Of Public In Struction. The School And University Lands And The Revenues Accruing From Them Are, However, Under The Supervision Of A Hoard Consisting Of The Secretary Of State, The Treasurer, And The Attor Ney-general. Each Town And ...

Education Population
Population, Education, And Charities. The Population In 1900 Was 1.074,957, Vienna Being The Largest City In Austria-hungary And The Fourth Largest In Europe. About Three-quarters Of The Population Are Germans And Roman Catholic. Great Advance Has Been Made In The Educational Facilities. The Grand Opera Is Sec Ond To None ...

Education Women
Women, Education Or. Anion Oriental Nations Generally Little Or No Attention Is Paid To The Education Of Women. The Chinese Women Of The Wealthier Classes May Receive Some Literary Train Ing. But It Is Given Privately. Intellectual Ability And Learning In Women Are Esteemed, But Not Vont Moldy Striven For. ...

Education And
Education And Limmon. The Early Culture Of The People Of Caracas, Commented Upon By 1tumboldt. Gained For That City The Title Of 'the Paris Of Latin America,' And Venezuelan Writers Have Occupied A Brilliant Position In The Spanish American Literary Field. (see Spanisii -american Literature.) In 1870 Education Was Made ...

Educational
Educational Institi"rions. The Public School System Has The Patronage Of All Classes Of The Community, And A Smaller Percentage Of Children Attend Private Institutions Than In The Average City. The System Includes All The Approved Modern Features, From The Technical High School To Kindergarten, Night Schools, And Vacation Schools. In ...

Edward 1595 1655 Winslow
Wins'low, Edward ( 1595-1655 ) . An Anglo American Colonial Governor, Born At Droitwich, Worcestershire, England. While Making A Tour On The Continent Lie Became Acquainted With John Robinson, Minister Of The Independent Church In Leyden, Which Had Separated From The Church Of England. And Became A Member Of The ...

Edward 1683 1765 Young
Young, Edward (1683-1765). An English Poet, Born At Upham, In Hampshire, Where His Father Was Rector. Be Was Educated At Winches Ter School And At Oxford. He First Came Before The World As A Poet With An Epistle To George Granville On Granville's Being Created A Peer (1713). The Next ...

Edward Somerset Worcester
Worcester, Edward Somerset, Second Marquis Of (1601-67). An English Nobleman And Inventor, The Son Of The First Marquis Of Somer Set. In Early Life He Devoted Himself To Mathe Matical And Mechanical Researches. In 1641 He Entered The Service Of Charles L, Who, In 1645, Sent Him To Treat Secretly ...

Eleazar 1787 1858 Williams
Williams, Eleazar ( 1787-1858). An American Missionary, Who Claimed To Be The `lost Dauphin' (louis Xvii.) Of France. He Was Horn Probably In Caughnawaga, N. Y., And Is Supposed To Have Been The Great-grandson Of Eunice Williams, Who Was Carried Away From Deerfield, Mass., At The Time Of The Massacre ...

Electric Wave Method
Electric Wave -method. The Last And Most Practical Method Employs Electric Waves. The Apparatus For The Emission And Reception Of Elec Tric Waves In Its Simplest Form Consists Of A Sending Instrument Similar To The One Just De Scribed In The Electro-static Method, But Having The Additional Factor Of The ...

Emmaniel 1814 79
Emmaniel (1814-79). The Most Prominent Ar Chitect Of The Gothic Revival In France, Equally Well Known As An Author On Architectural Subjects. He Was Born In Paris, And Was Educated At The College Bourbon. After Studying Architecture With Aehille Leelere, He Traveled Through France Studying Mediaeval Monuments, And Became Pro ...

Europe And Elsewii Ere
Europe And Elsewii Ere. The London As Sociation Was Formed •lune 0. 1544, As The Result Of Religious Effort Among Dry Goods Clerks By George Williams. Then One Of Their Number. From London As A Centre Associations Were Propagated Throughout The United Kingdom And Many Other Countries. Sonic Organizations Claim ...

Evolution Of The
Evolution Of The M.mii1alia. During The Age Of Reptiles The Mammals Had Been Slowly Evolving, But Very Little Is Known Of Them. The Remains That Have Been Found Are Exceedingly Rare And Very Fragmentary, And Indicate Very Primitive Tyres, Of Minute Size And Apparently Arboreal Habit. Lint At The Beginning ...

Fatigue Of The Retina
Fatigue Of The Retina. The Sensibility Of The Retina Becomes Diminished When The Eye Is Ex Posed To Continued Impressions. If One Eye Be Covered With A Dark Shade And The Other He Fixed Upon A Uniformly Illuminated White Surface, The Latter Becomes Less Brilliant After A Time, Owing To ...

Fernand 1812 81 Wood
Wood, Fernand() (1812-81), Politician, Horn In Philadelphia, Pa., Of Qua Ker Parentage. He Removed To New York In 1820, Received A Good Education, And Engaged In The Shipping Business, In Which He Was So Suc Cessful T He Retired With A Large Fortune In 1850. Asa Young Man He Took ...

Filtration
Filtration Plants Are Divided Into Slow Sand And Mechanical Or Rapid, According To The Rate Of Filtration And The Methods Of Cleaning The Filters. The Filtering Material In Either Eane Is Generally Sand. .slot' Sum/ Filters Are Beds Of Sand. Supported On Gravel, And Provided With Underdrains, The Whole Being ...

And Pressing Stemming Crushing
Stemming. Crushing, And Pressing. Grapes Whose Tannin Content Is Low, And Especially Fully Mature Or Over-ripe Grapes. Are Often Pressed Without Stemming. The Kind And Quality Of Wine To He Made Also Helps To Decide Whether Or Not Stemming Shall He Performed. For High-grade Wines The Berries Are Often Picked ...