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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 20

Nomenclature
Nomenclature. A Variant Is One Of The Dis Similar Conditions Of Form In Which An Organ Ap Pears; Thus The Vat Hints Of The Number Of Rays Of N Scallop-shell Are 13, 14, 15, Etc. .\ Variant, Must Be Sharply Distinguished From A Variety, Which Is A Group Term For ...

Occupations
Occupations. The Leading Source Of Informa Tion Regarding The Mortality In Various Occupa Tions Is The English Statistics. The Influence Of Occupation Is Most Marked During The Ages Between Twenty-five And Sixty-five, After The Per Son Has Been For Some Time Thus Engaged. And Before Retirement To Some Less Exacting ...

Other Wools
Other Wools. Although The Typical Wool Is Produced By Sheep, And It Is From That Animal That Much The Larger Part Of The Wool Supply Is Obtained, There Are Several Other Animals Which Produce So-called Wool For Industrial Purposes. Among These Are Several Species Of Goats Whose Hair Can Be ...

Ow Watteau
Watteau, Ow, Antoine (1684-1721). A Celebrated French Genre Painter, The Most Original Talent Of The French School In The Eighteenth Cen Tury. The Painter Par Excellence Of The 'fetes Galantes.' He Was Born At Valenciennes, October 10. 11;84, The Son Of A Roof-slater, And Was First Instructed There By Jacques ...

Parks
Parks. With The Exception Of The Mall, The Plan Of The City Made No Provision For Ex Tensive Park Space. There Are. However, Many Open Places Scattered Throughout The City, Some Of Which Are Of Sufficient Size To Warrant Their Being Placed In The Category Of Small Parks. Their Combined ...

Peace Of Westphalia
Westphalia, Peace Of. The Treaty Which Closed The Thirty Years' War (q.v.) In 1648 And Gave A New Adjustment To The Religio Political Affairs Of Europe. It Is So Called From The Fact That The Envoys Met In The Cities Of Slhinster And Osnabritek, In The Circle Of West Phalia. ...

Permen Tation
Permen Tation. Since Wine Fermentation Is Due To Yeasts Found In The Air Nail Upon The Skins Of The Fruit, The Addition Of Yeast To The Must As In Ln•er•mwking Iv Unneeessary. Action Starts In From 12 To 3•t Hours. Upon The Tempera Litre. And Continues Briskly For Abont A ...

Peservoir Tanks And Standpipes
Peservoir Tanks And Standpipes Are Em Ployed To Insure A Reserve Supply Of Water, To Maintain The Pressure In The Distribution System At Or Above A Minimum Point, And To Equalize Both The Rate Of Pumping And The Head On The Pumps. Tanks And Standpipes Are Forms Of Reservoirs, But ...

Peter Vischer
Vischer, Peter, The Elder (c.1455-1529). A German Sculptor And Brass-founder, One Of The Greatest Matters Of The Renaissance. Born At Nuremberg, Son Of The Brazier Dermann Vischer The Elder, Who Acquired Citizenship There In 1453, And Died In 1487, Peter Was His Father's Pupil And Assistant, And Was Admitted To ...

Physical Features
Physical Features. The Interior Presents No Well-marked Surface Features. It Consists Mainly- Of Undulating Sand Or Sandstone Plateaus Of No Great Elevation, Their Level Surfaces Being Broken By Isolated Sandstone Ranges, Sand Hills, And Wind-blown Ridges. The Southeastern Part Of The State Consists Of A Limestone Plateau About 200 Miles ...

Pierre Marie Ernest
Pierre Marie Ernest A French Statesman, Born At Nantes. Ile Studied Law; In 1879 Was Elected Deputy For Rennes; And Was Minister Of The Interior In Gambetta's Grand Of 1881, And In The Cabinet Of Jules Ferry Of 1883-85. In 1894 He Was Elected To The Senate For The Department ...

Polarization
Polarization. If A Simple Voltaic Cell Is Put In Circuit With A Galvanometer It May Lie Ob Served That The Current Gradually Diminishes. Tf Now The Adhering Film Of Hydrogen Be Brushed Off The Copper Plate With A Glass Rod, The Current Will Increase To Nearly Its Original Value. This ...

Popp Branley Non Stn Tonic System
Popp-branley Non-stn Tonic System. In A System Devised By Professor Eduard Branley, The Original Inventor Of The Coherer, And 31. Victor Popp Of France, The General Arrangement Shown In Fig. 20 Is Employed. The Chief Feature Of This System Lies In A Type Of Coherer In Vented By Branley. This ...

Population
Population. The Population Grew From S5,425 In 1790 To 280,652 In 1830. Since That Year The Growth Has Been Very Slow, The Number Being, In 1890, 332,422, And In 1900, 343.641. The State Ranked Twelfth In Population In 1790, Twenty First In 1840, And Fortieth In 1900. There Has Been ...

Practical Considerations
Practical Considerations. In Ordinary Wire Less Telegraph Practice The First Requisite Is A Powerful Wave Radiator And The Second Is A Sensi Lon6e-muiriiead Tun Ed The First System Of Wireless Telegraphy Based On Electric Resonance Was Devised By Sir Oliver Lodge Of England, And The Oscillator And Resonator Are Illustrated ...

Prisoners Of War A
Prisoners Of War. "a Prisoner Of War Is A Public Enemy Armed Or Attached To The Hostile Army For Active Aid, Who Has Fallen Into The Hands Of The Captor . . . By Individual Surrender Or By Capitulation. All Soldiers, Of Whatever Spe Cies Of Arms; All Men Who ...

Process Of Manufacture
Process Of Manufacture. Wire Is Almost Universally Manufactured By Drawing, And The Facility With Which Any Metal Can Be Drawn Into Wire Depends Upon Its Ductility. Alost Metals Have This Property: But Sonic, Like Antimony And Bismuth, Are So Brittle That They Can Lie Drawn Out Only With Difficulty, And ...

Public Ownership
Public Ownership Demands For Its Proper Con Sideration, From The Economic Standpoint, Ac Curate Detailed Figures Of Expenses And Revenue, On A Comparative Basis. Such Figures Are Rarely Available. The Sanitary Interests Of A Community, De Pending As They Do Largely Upon Police Meas Ures, Are Generally Considered To Be ...

Public Policy
Public Policy. The Only Points Under This Head That Can Be Considered Here Are The Appor Tionment Of The Cost Of Service Between The Vari Ous Classes Of Consumers And One Or Two Phases Of The Municipal Ownership Question. Appor Tionment Of Cost Of Scrcice Involves Not Alone The Quantity ...

Public Wash Houses
Wash-houses, Public. In Great Britain And On The Continent, Where Public Bath-houses, Owned And Operated By The Municipality. Have Long Been In Existence, It Is Quite Common To Operate Public Laundries In Connection With The Bath-houses, (see Bini-dottses. 11(visacipal.) Within Recent Years, However, There Has Been A Tendency To Separate ...

Publics Vergil
Vergil, Public's Verc,ilrt7s :ni Aro (n.c. 70 19). One Of The Most Celebrated Of P‘oinan Poets. The Orthography Vergilius Is Established Beyond Question By The Evidence Of Inscriptions. As Well As By The Earlier Manuscripts And The Greek Transliterations Nerylmos And Betrylnan, And Is Now Generally Employed. Virgilins Appears For ...

Pumping Works
Pumping Works Vary In Character With The Source And Mode Of Supply, The Motive Power, The Cost Of Fuel, If Fuel Is Used, And The Working Pressure On The Pumps. The Latter Is Determined By The Elevation To Which The Water Is Lifted And The Frictional Resistance In The Pipes ...

Race
Race. The Influence Of Race Upon Vitality Is One Which Cannot Be Clearly Distinguished From That Of Other Factors Usually Associated With It. In The Countries Of Europe Which Still Furnish Most Of Our Information Regarding Vital Statis Tics The Differences Of Race Are Elusive, And In Con Sequence This ...

Reinhard Sebastian 1815 93zimmermann
Zimmermann, Reinhard Sebastian ( 1815-93) . A German Genre Painter, Born At Hagen:in, On Lake Constance. Although He Showed A Great Talent. For Drawing As A Boy, He Was Obliged For Years To Follow A Commercial Career Until Enabled In 1840 To Frequent The• Academy At Munich. In 1844 He ...

Renaissance
Renaissance. The Discontinuance Of The Gothic System Of Construction After The Fifteenth Century Put An End To The Use Of Tracery And Re Moved The Chief Distinction Between The Win Dows Of Churches And Secular Buildings. The Art Of Stained Glass Declined, Although A Few Fine Examples Were Produced In ...

Rich A Rd Colley
Wellesley, Rich A Rd Colley Wellesley, Marquis (1760-1842). A British Administrator Of India. He Was The Eldest Son Of Garret Wellesley. First Earl Of Mornimtton. And Hrother Of The Duke Of Wellimrton. He Was Born At Dang,an Castle, Ireland. And Was Educated At Narrow, Eton, And Christ Church, Oxford, But ...

Richard 1s13 S3 Wagner
Wagner, Richard ( 1s13-s3 ) . The Origina Tor Of The Music-drama, And One Of The Greatest Of All Musical Geniuses. He Was Horn At Leipzig, May 22, 1813, The Ninth Child Of Karl Fried Solin Wagner And Johanna Rosina Hertz \vaguer. The Father, Who Was A Clerk In The ...

Richard Neville Warwick
Warwick, Richard Neville. Ear] Of, Popularly Named Time King-maker (1428-71). A Celebrated English Warrior And Statesman. He Was Born On November 22, 1428, The Eldest Son Of Rich Ard, Ear] Of Salisbury, And Alice, Daughter And Heiress Of Thomas Montacute. He Became The Most Powerful Nobleman In The Kingdom, By ...

Ritili001211111
Ritili0012.11'111% The Sources For Old Welsh Have Never Been Eollecled. They May Be Found By Eonsulting Thilmer's Inseriptiones Rritannim Christiana. (berlin. 18761: Grammatien ('elf Lea (2d Ed., Berlin. 1871) ; Kuhn, Lieitriipc Tttr Rcrrileirhemicn Spruchforsehung, And Vii.; And .1relomoloyia Eambrensis (1873). The Libor Landarensis Has Been Well Edited By Bbys ...

Robert James 1801 69walker
Walker, Robert James ( 1801-69). An American Political Leader And Financier, Born At Northumberland, Pa. Ile Graduated At The Uni Versity Of Pennsylvania Ill 1819, And Began The Practice Of Law At In 1822. In 1826 He Removed To Mississippi And Became Prominent As A Lawyer And Land-speculator. He Was ...

Robert Simpson Woodward
Woodward, Robert Simpson ( 1849—) . An American Physicist And Mathematician, Born At Rochester, Alich. He Graduated At The Uni Versity Of Michigan In 1872 And Was Appointed Assistant Engineer On The United States Lake Survey. In 1882 He Became Assistant Astron Omer To The United States Transit Of Venus ...

Robert William Vonnoh
Von'noh, Robert William (1s58—). An American Portrait, Figure, And Landscape Painter, Horn In Hartford, Comm. He Studied At The Massachusetts Normal Art School In Boston, And In Paris Under Boulanger And Lefebvre From 1881 To 1883 And Again In 1886-91. Between These Dates He Taught At The Museum Of Fine ...

Roger Williams
Williams, Roger ( E.1604-1683). The Founder Of The State Of Rhode Island, Born Prob Ably In London In Either 1604 Or 1605. In His Youth He Attracted The Attention Of Sir Edward Coke By His Shorthand Notes Of Sermons And Speeches In The Star Chamber, And Was Sent By Him ...

Roman Law
Roman Law. The Roman Testament Grew Out Of 'mancipition! This Was Originally A Sale, In Which The Price Was Paid In A Certain Weight Of Copper. When The Payment Of Price Became Sym Bolic, The Transaction Became A Conveyance. A Mancipation Involved The Presence Of The Con Veyor And Conveyee, ...

Romance Versification
Romance Versification. Like The Romance Languages, Versification In The Various Romance Countries Can Be Treated Under One Head, For They All Have A Common Foundation And Undergo Various Influences. The Influence Of Classic Latin. Oriental, And German Versifications Is Very Slight As Compared With The Influence In The :middle Ages ...

Rudolf 1821 1902 Virchow
Virchow, Rudolf (1821-1902). An Eminent German Pathologist, Anthropologist, And Scholar, Born At Schivelbein, Prussia. Ile Was Graduated In Medicine In Berlin And Became Pro Sector Of Anatomy In The Faculty, Sharing The Companionship Of Henle, Schwann, Brticke, Helm Holtz, Du Bois-reymond, And Other Scholars Who Were Destined To Become Distinguished ...

Sa Muel Young
Young, Sa Muel Balwwin Al Arks ( 18 1(1-1 . An Eminent American Soldier, First Chief Of Staff Of The Army Of The United States. Born In Pitts Pa. In April. 1865, Upon The Outbreak Of The Civil War, He Entered The Federal Army As A Private. Ile Served With ...

Samuel 1805 73 Wilberforce
Wil'berforce, Samuel ( 1805-73 ) . A Distinguished English Bishop. He Was Born At Clapham, And Privately Educated Until His Ma Triculation At Oriel College, Oxford. He Was Ordained Deacon In 1828 And Priest A Year Later, After Which He Became Rector Of Brightstone In The Isle Of Wight And ...

Sauterne
Sauterne. The White Wines Made In The Sau Terne District, In The Upper Gironde, Are Com Monly Divided Into Haut And Grave Sauternes; The Former, Which Contain About I 1 Per Cent. Of Alcohol, 3.5 Per Cent. Of And 0.7 Per Cent. Of Acid, Being Full, High In Alcohol, Smooth, ...

Sedimentation
:sedimentation Is Effected By Either Bringing Water To Rest Or Passing It Very Slowly Through Reservoirs Or Basins. The First Is Called The Intermittent And The Second The Continuous System Of Sediinentation. The Force Of Gravity Carries Down Some Of The Clay And Silt Which Compose Turbidity. The Degree Of ...

Silas 1795 1847 Wright
Wright, Silas (1795-1847). An American Political Leader, Born At Amherst, Mass., May 24, 1795. He Graduated At Middlebury College, Vt., In 1815, Was Admitted To The Bar In 1819, And Began The Practice Of His Profession At Can Ton, N. Y. From 1823 To 1827 He Was A Member Of ...

Sixteenth Century
Sixteenth Century. The Years Of The Fifteenth And The -first Half Of The Six Teenth Century Saw Wool-engraving Attain Its Highest Development In Germany, Where The Motive For Its Practice. The Need For Popular Re Ligious Instruction, Was Most Intense. Albrecht Diirer, The Greatest Master Of Ancient Woodcut, Transformed The ...

Slaby Arco Multiple System
Slaby-arco Multiple System. That The Earth Which Seems So Necessary To The Successful Transmission Of Electric Waves Over Long Dis Tances Could Be Employed, Dr. Adolph Slaby And Tive Wave Detector. For This Reason High Aerial Wires Are Employed, And Both Oscillator And Reso Nator Are Of The Open-circuit Type. ...

Soil And Vegetation
Soil And Vegetation. The Soil Is To A Great Extent Stony And Of A Poor Quality, Though In The Valleys, And Especially In The Western Low Lands, There Is Much Land That Is Suitable For Cul Tivation. The Hills And Valley-slopes, As Well As The Summits Of The Mountains, Are ...

Soil And Vegetation_2
Soil And Vegetation. With The Exception Of A Rocky Area In The Penokee Highland And An Area Of Poor Sandy Soil In The Central Part Of The State, The Soils Of Wisconsin Are Of Good Quality. In The Northern And Eastern Sections They Are Composed Of Glacial Drift And Alluvium, ...

Sound And Philological Value
Sound And Philological Value. As A Pho Netic Character W Is A Labial Spirant. Correspond Ing Very Nearly To U In The Position Of Its Forma Tion. Which Gives It Its Semi-vocalic Quality. In Words Beginning With Wh, Like White, What, Wheel. Where The Movi. Original Anglo-saxon Had Wh, The ...

Source And Mode Of
Source And Mode Of Supply. Modes Of Supply Are Classed As Gravity Or Pumping, And The Latter Mode Is Sub-classified As Pumping Direct To The Distributing Mains And Consumers, To Standpipe, To Tank, Or To Reservoir. In Seine Cities A Combination Of Two Or All These Modes Is In Use. ...

Sperm Oil
Sperm Oil. This Is Derived From The Head Matter Of The Sperm Whale (i'hilst.ler Macroceph Alas). The Blubber, I.e. The Material Con Taining The Wax, Whim Tried Out Yields A Crude Oily Liquid Composed Chiefly Of Sperm Oil And Spermaceti (see Below), The Latter Being Subse Quently Removed By Chilling ...

Standard Ce Ls
Standard Ce Ls. A Standard Cell Is Employed As A Standard Of Electromotive Force. It Is Not Intended To Furnish Any Current, But Only Electric Pressure. The First Standard Cell Was Invented By The Late Latimer Clark In 1s73. In 1s94 It Was Made A Legal Standard In Great Britain ...

Stationary Waves
Stationary Waves Are The Particular Kind Of Vibration Observed In Stretched Cords, The Air In Organ-pipes, Etc. (see Acoustics.) It Is Dent That, If Waves Are Sent Down A Stretched Rope Toward The End Which Is Fastened To Some Rigid Support, They Will Be Reflected When They Reach The End. ...

Statistics
Statistics. The Following Statistics, As Pub Lished In The Section On "watches And Watch Cases" In The Department Of :manufactures Of The Twelfth United States Census, Indicate The Growth Of The Industry In The United States. This Report Shows That In 1900 43 Establish Ments In The United States Were ...

Statistics_2
Statistics. According To The Twelfth Census Of The United States There Were In 1900 2653 Es Tablishments In The Country Devoted To Various Branches Of Wool Manufacture. Which Put Forth An Annual Product Of $392.473.050. Of The 2653 Establishments, 1035 Were Woolen Mills, 186 Worsted Mills, 133 Carpet Factories, 36 ...

Strider
Strider.) The Families Corixithe (tee Water Boatman), Nepidtr (see Water-scorpion). Gal Gtilithe (see Toad Bus), And Belw:tomidx (see Fisi1killer) Belong To This Group. The Back-swimmers Of The Family Notonecticke Are Predaceous Water-bugs Resembling The Water Boatmen. Hut The Dorsum Is Very Convex And They Always Swim With The Ventral Surface ...

Structure Of Tee Wool
Structure Of Tee Wool Fibre. The Wool Of The Sheep Differs From All Other Fibres. Animal Or Vegetable. On Account Of Its Great Felting Power. (see Woof..) This Is Due To Its Corrugated Structure, Which Makes The Individual Hairs, When Brought In Contact At An Angle, Tend To Mat Together. ...

Sxnkii
Sxnkii , Inasmuch As That System Is Based On The Assumption Of A Duality Of Prin Ciples Whence The Universe Derives Its Origin. The Object-matter Of The Vedanta Is The Proof That The Universe Emanates In A Sucecssiv,' De Velopment From A Supreme Spirit, Or All Soul, At Math Which ...

The
The ?material Ejected. Tile Quantity Of Ma Terial Ejected In The Course Of Eruption Is Or Dinarily Dependent Upon The Force Or Violence Of The Eruption, And The Period Of Its Continuance. Skaptar In Its Great Eruption Of 1783, Threw Out A Mass Of Lava The Cubical Contents Of Which ...

The American School
The American School. The Earliest Ameri Can Work Consisted Almost. Entirely In The Reproduction Of English Book Illustrations For American Reprints. The First Artist Of Impor Tance Was Alexander Anderson (1775-1870), Who Engraved Blocks After Holhein's Dance Of Death, Bewick's British Quadrupols, And Other English Works. Ile Adopted The Manner ...

The Building
The Building Ur Of A Volcano. It Has Al Ready Been Remarked That Probably Much The Greater Number Of Volcanoes Have Made Their Own Masses Through The Simple Accumulation In Time Of Their Ejected Products: In Other Words, The Heaping Up About The Point Or Points Of Ac Tivity Of ...

The Duration Of Visual
The Duration Of Visual Sensations. The Visual Sensation Upon The Retina Persists After The Luminous Stimulus Has Ceased; Its Duration Is Never Less Than One-tenth Of A Second, M) Matter How Short The Luminous Stimulns. The Spokes( Of H Rapidly Revolving Wheel Appear As A Solid Mass, Because The Images ...

The Field
The Field Of Visittx. The Sensitiveness 01 The Retina Varies In Different Parts. The Most Sen Sitive Portion Corresponds To The Posterior Pole Of The Eyeball, A Region Which Is Called On Ac Count Of Its Color The Yellow Spot Ur Nmcaht Taieft, And On Amount Of Its Special Endowment ...

The Formation Of Images
The Formation Of Images. Diffuse Light Gives Rise Merely To The Impression Of Luminosity. In Order To See Objects Distinctly, Light Must He Col Lected So As To Produce A Sharply Defined Image Upon The Retina; This Process Constitutes Focus Ing. Rays From Different Points Of The Object Must Be ...

The History Or
The History Or The Earliest Zo Ologist Was Aristotle (u.e. 354-322). Down To The Period Of Ray And Linnams He Was The Only Naturalist Worthy Of The Name. His Works, The History Of Animals, The Generation Of Animals, And The Parir Of Animals, Eontain, Besides Er Rors Of Fact Or ...

The Influence Of Mental
The Influence Of Mental Processes Visual Perceptions. Our Estimate Of The Size, Form, Distance, And Direction Of Objects Is Based Largely Upon Previous Experience, And Is The Re Sult Of The Physiological Process Of Vision Aided By Former Judgments Which Have Been Stored Up In The Brain. Such Deductions Are ...

The Theory Or Wages
The Theory Or Wages. The Earliest School Of Scientific Economists. The Physioerats (q.v.). Taught That Wages Naturally Afford The Laborer No More Than A Bare Subsistence. The Eompeti Hon Of Laborers And The Strategic Advantage Of The Employer, It Was Believed, Made This Result Inevitable. Adam Smith Advanced A Similar ...

The Work Or Each
The Work Or Each Assoctartox. The Local Association Has Absolnte Autonomy, Except That To Affiliate With The International Convention There Must He Constitutional Provision Restricting Ac Tive (voting And Olliev-hearing) Membership To Men In Communion With Some Evangelfeal Church. A Typical Association May Be Thus Described: (i) Membership—(a) Aetire, Who ...

Theory
Theory. The Theoretical Considerations Upon Which The Electric Wave Method Of Wireless Teleg Raphy Is Based May Be Divided Into Two Parts, Namely (a) The Conversion Of Electric Oscillations Into Electric Waves And Vice Versa, And (11) The Propagation Of Electric Waves Throng)] Space. That Portion Of The Transmitter Which ...

Therlow 1797 1882 Weed
Weed, Therlow ( 1797-1882). An American Journalist And Political Leader. Born At Cairo, Greene County. N. Y.. November 15, 1797. At The Age Of Fourteen Years He Was An Apprentice In A Printing Office At Onondaga Hollow, N. Y.; And In The War Of 1812 He Served For A Time ...

Thomas 1728 90 Warton
Warton, Thomas (1728-90). An English Poet And Critic, Born January 9, 1728, At Basing Stoke. Ile Was The Younger Brother Of Joseph \varton (q.v.). From The Tuition Of His Father Luse Went To Trinity College, (fxford, Graduating B.a. In 1747, And M.a. In 1750. He Remained At The University All ...

Thomas 1773 1829 Young
Young, Thomas (1773-1829). A British Scientist And Arclueologist. He Was Born At Alilverton, In Somersetshire. Of Quaker Parents, And Studied At A School At Compton. In Dorset Shire, And Under A Tutor. Toward The End Of 1792 Lie Began To Study Medicine In London, And Afterwards At The University Of ...

Thomas 1810 77 Wright
Wright, Thomas (1810-77). An English Antiquary, Born At Tenhury In Shropshire And Educated At Trinity College, Cambridge. Tn 1836 He Went To London And In 1837 Lie Was Elected A Fellow Of The Society Of Antiquaries. Ile Was One Of The Founders Of The Camden So Ciety (1838), Of The ...

Or Chatterer Waxwing
Waxwing, Or Chatterer. Any Bird Of The Genus Ampelis, Of The Passerine Family Am Pelid(e, Characterized By Having A Short, Straight, Elevated Bill, With A Very Wide Gape, As In The Fly-catchers, But Without Bristles: Both Mandibles Notched At The Tip; The Wings Rather Long, Broad, And Pointed : The ...

Or Gaseoits Water Water
\water Vapor, Or Gaseoits Water. This Is A Normal Constituent Of The Atmosphere (q.v.). The Passage Of One Gram Of Liquid Water Into Steam At 100° C. (212° F.) Involves The Absorp Tion Of As Much As 536 Calories Of Heat. At Every Temperature Water-vapor Can Only Exist Below A ...

Or Pertyssis Whooping Cough
Whooping-cough, Or Pertyssis. An Infectious And Sometimes Epidemic Disease, Most Ly Attacking Children, Especially In The Spring And Autumn. Its Earliest Symptoms, Which Usu Ally Appear Five Or Six Days After Exposure To In Fection, Are Those Of A Common Cold. As Hoarse Ness, A Watery Discharge From Time Eyes ...

Or Public Water Rights
Public Water Rights, Or The Right Of The Pub Lic At Large To Use And Enjoy Private Waters, May Exist Either In Waters Naturally Private, As In Non-navigable Streams, Or Dn Waters Which Have Become Subjected To Private Ownership, As Oc Casionally Happens In The Seashore Or In Navi Gable ...

Or Quality
Quality, Or The Fitness Of Water For Its Vari Ous Uses, Includes Freedom From The Specific Germs Of Disease And From Minor Substances Dele Terious To Health, An Absence Of Turbidity And Color, Unpleasant Taste Or Odors, And Of All Min Eral Matters In Sufficient Quantities To Interfere With The ...

Or Waltzeiviul Ler Waldseeiviialer
Waldseeiviialer, Or Waltzeiviul Ler. V:i 11 Martin (e.1470-(.1514). A German Geographer, Born At Freiburg. For Sev Eral Years After 1505 He Was Professor Of Geog Raphy In The College Of Saint-die In Lorraine. In 1506 Lie And Some Compatriots Matured A Plan For A New Edition Of The Work Of ...

Or Water Glass
Water-glass, Or Soulme Glass. A Term Applied To Alkaline Silicates Containing An Excess Of Alkali And Soluble In Water. Three Varieties Of Water-glass Are In Use, Viz.: (1) Potash, Seater Glass. Or Potassium Silicate, Prepared By Fusing Together Three Parts Of Silica (sand) And Two Parts Of Potassium Carbonate, With ...

Or Werewolf As Werwolf
Werwolf, Or Werewolf (as, Wer W Ulf, Man-wolf, From Wrr, Titan + Waif, Wolf). According To A Widespread Superstition. A Man Who, Either Periodic-ally Or At Any Time, Is Trans Formed Or Transforms Himself Into A Wolf, Be Coming Possessed Of All The Powers And Appetites Of A Wolf In ...

Or Wilfrith Wilfrid
Wil'frid, Or Wilfrith, Saint (634 709). An English Churchman. He Was The Son Of A Northumbrian Thane. At Fourteen He Was Sent To The Court Of King- Oswin, And From There To The Monastery Of Lindisfarne. At The Age Of Nineteen He Went On A Pilgrimage To Rome. After An ...

Or Wineland Vinland
Vinland, Or Wineland. The Name Given To That Part Of The Continent Of America Visited By The Vikings Of Norway. This Coast Was Sighted In 98c) By Bjarni Ilerjnifson (q.v.), Who, In Attempting To Reach Greenland From Lee Land, Was Carried Out Of His Course By Storms And The Arctic ...

Or Wolf Wolff
Wolff, Or Wolf, Ciiristi$n (1679-1754). A German Philosopher. Lie Was The Succes Sor Of Leibnitz In The Series Of Cartesian Phi Losophers. And Did Much To Complete And Develop Leibnitz's System, Whence His School Is Often Called The Leibnitz-wolfrian School. Lie Was Born At Breslau. He Studied At Jena. And ...

Or Yariba Yoruba
Yoruba, Or Yariba. For Merly A Powerful State In Africa, Comprising The Territory Lying Southwest Of The .nupe Country And East Of Dahomey And Extending From Borgu South Almost To The Bight Of Benin. The Inva Sion Of The Fulbe In The•first Half Of The Nine Teenth Century Led To ...

Or Zerubabel Zertibmabel
Zertibmabel, Or Zerubabel (heb., From Babylonian Zero Babel, Seed Or Offspring Of Babylon). The Governor Of Jerusalem At The Time When The Second Temple Was Built. He Was Born Probably In Babylon. En Ezra Iii. 2. S, And Haggai I. 1, He Is Called The Son Of Shealtiel, Who Was ...