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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 8

School Administration
School Administration. The German States Act Independently In Their School Systems. The Main Important Outlines Of The Respective Sys Tems Are Nevertheless Almost Uniform. There Is Much Variation In Details. The Prussian Sys Tem Is Generally Described As Representative. The Control Of The Prussian Schools Is Through The Department Of ...

Scotch Deerhound
Scotch Deerhound. This Is One Of The Oldest British Breeds, Is Still Used For Deer-hunting In The Scottish Highlands, And Hunts Both By Sight And Scent. In General Appearance It Strongly Resembles The Old Irish Wolfhound, With A Rough Haired Coat, A Bearded Snout, And Half-pricked Ears; But It Is ...

Scotland
Scotland. The Government Of Scotland, Since The Union With England In 1707, Has Been A Part Of The General Administration Of Great Britain. Until 1885 The Connection Was Maintained Chiefly Through The Home Office. In That Year The Office Of Chief Secretary For Scotland Was Created, And A Variety Of ...

Sculpture Technique
Sculpture: Technique. Though Wood And Clay Were Sometimes Used In Sculpture, The Com Mon Materials Were Stone And Metal. In The Early Days Of Sculpture In Stone The Softer Varie Ties Of Limestone, Especially The So-called Poros, Were Frequently Employed Because Of The Com Parative Ease Of Working. Later The ...

Second Period 800 1100
Second Period ( 800-1100). The New Temper Shows Itself In Visions Of Judgment (muspilli), Lives Of Saints, Epic Gospel Narratives (ileliand) Or Harmonies (otfrid), With An Occasional Mo Nastic Excursion Into The Political Field (ludteigs Lied). But Already Under The Ottos The National Spirit Was Reviving, And Frederick Barbarossa Made ...

Secondary Education
Secondary Education. The Secondary System Is Built Up With Little Regard To The Primary Sys Tem. It Takes Its Form Solely With Regard To The Career For Which It Is Intended To Prepare. The Secondary Course Proper Begins With The Fourth Year Of The Child's School Life. The Selection Made ...

Secondary And Teciinical Education
Secondary And Teciinical Education. There Is No Secondaryeducational System In England, Al Though A Number Of Elementary Schools Give Advanced Secondary Courses As Well, A Consid Erable Number Being Admirably Equipped For This Work. There Is, However, A Large Number Of Sec Ondary Schools Maintained By Private Enterprise, Endowment, Subscription, ...

Secreting Glands
Secreting Glands. An Ordinary Secreting Gland Consists Of An Aggregation Of Follicles (small Tubes Or Sacs), All Of Which Open Into A Common Duct, By Which The Glandular Product Is Discharged. The Follicles Are Lined With Epithelial °phs, Placed Upon A Hyaline Basement Membrane, Which In Turn Is Surrounded By ...

Servius Sulpicius Galba
Gal'ba, Servius Sulpicius (n.c. 69). Roman Emperor From June, A.d. 68, To January 15, 69. Born December 24, B.c. 3, Of A Respectable Family, He Was Raised To The Consulship In A.d. 33, And In The Administration Of The Province Of Aquitania Under Tiberius, Of Germany Under Caligula, Of Africa ...

Seventh Period
Seventh Period. From Heine To Hauptmann (1832-1900). This Period, Though Excluding The Earlier Work Of Heine, Embraces That Which En Titled Him To Be Called 'the Continuator Of Goethe.' It Was Heine That Transferred Into The Political And Social Field The Activity Of Goethe In A Liter Ary One, And ...

Sex And Conjugal Conditions
Sex And Conjugal Conditions. In Germany, As In Most Other Civilized Countries, The Number Of Females Exceeds That Of Males, Although More Boys Are Born Every Year Than Girls, The Fact Being Explained By The Greater Mortality And Emigration Among Men. In 1900 There Were 27, Number Has Steadily Diminished, ...

Shipment Of Game
Shipment Of Game. This Also Is An Important Subject Of Game Legislation, For One Of The Great Est Factors In The Rapid Destruction Of Game In Recent Years Has Undoubtedly Been The Illegal Shipment Of Game From One State To Another. It Has Also Been An Exceedingly Difficult Problem To ...

Shipping
Shipping. The Extension Of The British Empire And Of Its Influence Is Developed Largely Through The Instrumentality Of British Shipping; And The Maintenance Of A Merchant Navy Is Considered An Essential Feature Of Great Britain's Commercial And Imperialistic Policy. The Rise Of British Shipping Dates From The Time Of The ...

Shipping And Navigation
Shipping And Navigation. The Shipping In Terests Of Germany Are Second Only To Those Of Great Britain And The United States. In The Opening Year Of The Twentieth Century The Strength Of The Respective Merchant Marines Of The Three Countries Was As Follows: United King Dom, 9,395,207 Tons; United States, ...

Sidney Godolphin
Godol'phin, Sidney, First Earl Of (1645 1712). An English Statesman. The Third Son Of Sir Francis Godolphin, He Was Born At Hel Ston, Cornwall, And Was Educated At Oxford, Where He Received The Degree Of M.a. In 1663. The Previous Year He Was Page Of Honor To Charles Ii., And ...

Sketch Of Tiieir Migrations
Sketch Of Tiieir Migrations. At Precisely What Period The Gypsy Hordes Left Their Early Home In Northwestern India And Commenced Their Long Migration Into The West Cannot Be Determined. Historical Information On This Point Is Entirely Wanting; But Their Language Affords Sure Evi Dence Of The Course Of Their Wanderings, ...

Skin
Skin. A Delicate Mem Brane Prepared From The Large Intestine Of The Ox, And Used As The Fabric For Court-plaster, Etc., But Chiefly By Gold-beaters. The Outer Or Peritoneal Membrane Is Used For This Purpose. The Intestine Is First Subjected To A Partial Putrefaction, By Which The Adhesion Of The ...

Spain
Spain. The Hybrid Byzantine-moresco-basili Cal Architecture Current In The Christian Parts Of Spain Was Beginning To Be Superseded By A Romanesque Style Of Great Dignity, Borrowed From The South And West Of France, When The French Architects Who Were Introducing It Felt The First Inroads Of The Early Gothic Style; ...

Spelling And Pronunciation
Spelling And Pronunciation. Germany Has An Orthographical Problem Of Her Own, Although A Less Complicated One Than England And America. The Spelling Of Modern German Had Become Pretty Well Settled In The Latter Half Of The Eigh Teenth Century, When Gottsched (deutsche Sprachkunst, Leipzig, 1748) And Adelung (an Weisung Zur ...

Stephen 1750 1831 Girard
Girard', Stephen ( 1750-1831 ) . An Ameri Can Merchant And Philanthropist. He Was Born At Bordeaux, France, The Son Of A Sea Captain; Became A Sailor In 1763, And At The Age Of Nine Teen Was Captain And Part Owner Of A Ship En Gaged In The West Indian ...

Stephen Gardiner
Gardiner, Stephen. An English Prelate And Statesman, Born About 1483. He Was The Re Puted Son Of John Gardiner, A Cloth-worker, At Bury Saint Edmunds, And Studied At Trinity Hall, Cambridge, Where He Distinguished Him Self In Classics. In 1520 He Became Doctor Of Civil Law, Next Year Of Canon ...

Stepiien 1677 1761 Hales
Hales, Stepiien (1677-1761). An English Physiologist And Inventor. He Was Born At Beckesbourn, In Kent, And Died At Teddington, In Middlesex, In 1761. He Entered Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, In 1696, Was Elected Fellow In 1702, And Having Taken Holy Orders, Was Pre Sented About 1710 To The Perpetual Curacy ...

Structural Geology
Structural Geology. The Rocks Of The Crust, Considered Under The Three Headings Of Sedimentary, Igneous, And Metamorphic, Present Certain Characteristic Struc Tural Features. When In The Form Of Flows The Igneous Rocks Are Arranged In Layers, And They Are Often Covered With Beds Of Sedimentary Strata. Sheet-like Intrusions Of Lava ...

Structure
Structure. A Heart Contained In Its Peri Cardial Sac Is Always Present, Except In The Para Sitic Entoconcha, While In Some Genera, As Neritina (periwinkle) And Haliotis (abalone), It, As In The Clam, Is Perforated By The Intestine. In A Few Genera There Are Two Auricles To The Heart, But ...

The Angora Goat
The Angora Goat. Various Types Of Angora Goats Have Arisen In Asia Minor And Turkey Dun. Ing The Last Half-century, Owing To Unwise Cross Ing With The Common Kurd Stock. The Pure-bred' Angora Was Originally A Small, Exceedingly Deli Cate Animal, With Small, Thin Horns, Suggesting By Their Spiral Form ...

The Cashmere Or Shawl
The Cashmere Or Shawl Goat. Nowhere Have Goats, Other Than Angoras, Received More At Tention Or Been Brought To A Higher Usefulness Than In India, Where A Long List Of Varieties Might Be Named And Described, Such As The Streaked `nags' Of Assam; The 'bukee' Of The Deccan, The `maycay' ...

The Coal
The Coal. A Good Gas-coal Should Contain Only A Small Percentage Of Ash And Sulphur, And Should Yield, Upon Distillation, A Comparatively Large Percentage Of Volatile Matter Of Good Illu Urinating Value, And A Good Coke Amounting To From 55 Per Cent. To 65 Per Cent. Of The Original Weight ...

The Crust Of The
The Crust Of The Earth. The Cold, Outer Portion Of The Earth Is Composed Of Rocks, Some Derived From Beneath The Surface, Whence They Have Risen In Molten Condition, Others Formed By The Reassortment Of The Materials Obtained From The Disintegration Of Other Rocks. These Rocks Have Been Subjected To ...

The Darsonval Galvanometer
The D'arsonval Galvanometer Is Quite Dif Ferent In Its Underlying Principle From The In Struments Already Described, For Instead Of Hav Ing The Magnet Suspended And Deflected Under The Influence Of The Current In A Surrounding Coil Of Wire, The Coil Itself Is Suspended Between The Poles Of A Compound ...

The Distribution Of Life
The Distribution Of Life. The Distribution Of Plants And Animals Is Determined By A Number Of Factors, Which Are More Or Less Interdepend Ent. The Chief Of These Are The Physical Charac Teristics, The Climate, Topography, Etc., Of The Region, With Which Should Be Coupled The Charac Teristics Of Plant ...

The German Dialects
The German Dialects. From The Earliest Times German Has Been Divided Into Several Dialects. Of Course, These Dialects Must Not Be Regarded As Representing A Corrupted Form Of The Written Language. On The Contrary, They Are—in Ger Many, As Elsewhere—the Natural And Genuine Off Shoots Of The Language, Whereas The ...

The Ginkgo
The Ginkgo. The Fourth Great Group Of Living Gymnosperms Contains At Present But A Single Form, The Ginkgo, A Remarkable Tree Almost Un Known In The Wild State, But Recently Reported In Certain Forests Of Western China. Its Extensive Cultivation, However, In Connection With Temple Worship In China And Japan ...

The Greek Language
The Greek Language, Modern.—the Differ Ences Between Ancient And Modern Greek Are By No Means So Great As Has Commonly Been Supposed, The Modern Language Being A Direct Descendant Of The `common' Dialect (vide Supra). The Begin Nings Of Most Of The Changes That Have Affected Modern Greek Can Be ...

The Hellenistic Age Bc
The Hellenistic Age (b.c. 323-146). In En Tering Upon This Age We Pass Into A New Phase Of Greek Art. The Conquests Of Alexander Had Opened The East To Greek Rulers, Greek Thought, Greek Life, And Had At The Same Time Abolished The Old Supremacy Of The Cities Of Greece. ...

The War For Independence
The War For Independence. At The Beginning Of The Nineteenth Century The Greeks Everywhere Began To Plan For A National Revival, The Chief Agent Being A Great Secret Association, The Lletteria, Which Extended Wherever In The World Greeks Were To Be Found Loyal To The National Cause. The Way For ...

The Work Of Lakes
The Work Of Lakes. Lakes Are Formed By Some Interference With Drainage, Usually A Dam Across Some Stream Course, As The Growth Of A Mountain Barrier, A Lava Flow, Or A Dam Of Glacial Deposit. The Lake Waves Work On The Coast-line; Cliffs Are Cut, Beaches Are Formed, And On ...

Theodorus Gaza
Gaza, Theodorus A Famous Teacher Of The Greek Language And Literature In The West, The Successor Of Emmanuel Chrysoloras. He Was Born In Thessalonica, And Came To Italy Between The Years 1435 And 1440, Apparently From Constantinople. The Latin Language He Learned Under Vittorino Da Feltre At Mantua, And Studied ...

Theophile Gautier
Gautier, Theophile A Noted French Poet, Critic, And Novelist. Born At Tarbes, August 31, 1811, He Went As A Child To Paris, And Was Educated There. He Showed Special Interest In The Latin Of The Decadence And The French Of The Renaissance, Being Attracted Less By The Normal Than By ...

Third Period 1100 1300
Third Period ( 1100-1300). The Effect Of The Crusades Was Twofold. They Revived Epic Mem Ories Of Charlemagne And Roland And Of The Triumphs Of Alexander. The Response Was Im Mediate. Before 1130 There Was A Rolandslied And An Alexanderlied. Tales Of German Adven Ture Soon Followed (rother, Herzog, Ernst, ...

Thomas 1716 71 Gray
Gray, Thomas ( 1716-71 ) . An English Poet, Born In Cornhill, London, December 26, 1716. His Father, Philip Gray, A Money Scrivener, Was Of A. Disposition So Violent That His Wife Was Obliged For A Time To Separate From Him, And It Was Mainly Through Her Exertions That The ...

Thomas 1727 88 Gainsborough
Gainsborough, Thomas (1727-88). An English Portrait And Landscape Painter, Born At Sudbury, In Suffolk. He Was The Youngest Of Nine Children, And Self-supporting At Eighteen Years Of Age. His Parents Sent Him To London, At The Age Of Fifteen, To Study Painting; He Stayed With A Goldsmith Who Introduced Him ...

Thomas 1803 73 Guthrie
Guthrie, Thomas (1803-73). An Eminent Scottish Pulpit Orator And Philanthropist. He Was Born July 12, 1803, At Brechin, Forfarshire, Where His Father Was A Merchant And Banker. Tie Went Through The Curriculum For The Ministry At The University Of Edinburgh, And Devoted Two Additional Winters To The Study Of Chemistry, ...

Thomas 1805 69 Graham
Graham, Thomas (1805-69). An English Chemist, Born In Glasgow. Having Studied At Glasgow And Edinburgh, He Became, In 1830, Pro Fessor Of Chemistry At The Andersonian Univer Sity, And Continued In That Office Till 1837, When He Succeeded Dr. Turner In The Chemical Chair Of University College, London. In 1855 ...

Thomas Gage
Gage, Thomas , (1721-87). An English Sol Dier And Oolonial Governor Of Massachusetts, Born At Firle, Sussex. He Received A Lieutenant's Com Mission In The English Army In January, 1741, Participated In The Battle Of Culloden, Served As Aide-de-camp To Lord Albemarle In Flanders, And In 1751 Became Lieutenant-colonel Of ...

Thomas Hill 1836 82 Green
Green, Thomas Hill (1836-82). An Eng Lish Philosopher, Born In Birkin, Yorkshire. He Was Educated At Rugby And Oxford, Was Elected Fellow Of Balliol College In 1860, Tutor There In 1866, And Whyte Professor Of Moral Philosophy In 1878. A Disciple Of Wordsworth, Kant, And Hegel, He Turned His Critical ...

Ti1e Iiistory Of Geology
Ti1e Iiistory Of Geology. Geology Ranks As One Of The Youngest Of The Sciences. In The Latter Part Of The Eighteenth Century The Discussion Was Being Waged With Warmth By Hutton And His Followers On The One Hand, And Werner And His Followers On The Other Hand, As To Whether ...

Tiberius Sempronius Gracciius
Tiberius Sempronius Gracciius, Son Of The Preceding (c.163-133, B.c.). As Their Father Died When They Were Very Young, Tiberius And His Brother Gaius (see Below) Were Brought Up Under The Special Care Of Their Mother, Cornelia. Tiberius Had His First Military Experi Ence In Africa, On The Staff Of His ...

Tiie Craft Guilds
Tiie Craft Guilds. With The Growth Of Indus Try The Members Of Different Trades Began To Associate Themselves For The Defense Of Their Own Special Interests. These Associations Were Known As The Craft Guilds In England, As The Corporations De Metiers In France, And The Ziinfte Or Innungen In Germany. ...

Tile Formative Or Embryonal
Tile Formative Or Embryonal Stage. Every Plant Begins Its History As A Sin Gle Cell. The Growth And Differentiation Of This One Cell May Comprise Its Whole Life History, Which Will Then Be Correspondingly Brief; Or, The First Cell May Divide Again And Again, And Its Daughter Cells Tinue Dividing, ...

Tomb Or Mausoleum Of
Hadrian, Tomb Or Mausoleum Of (lat. Hadrianum). The Massive Building In Rome Now Known As The Castel Sant' Angelo. It Was Erected In A.d. 136 By The Emperor Hadrian, To Gether With The Mimi Bridge (ponte Sant' An Gelo), Which Gave Access To It. The Tomb Was Situated In The ...

Topography
Topography. The State Lies In Both The Ap Palachian And Coastal Plain Regions, So That The Surface Is Divided Between Highlands And Low Lands. The Eastern Chain (blue Ridge) Of The Appalachians, After Crossing The North Carolina Boundary, Terminates In The Northern Part Of The State. It Has An Elevation ...

Topography
Topography. The• Seas Surrounding Great Britain Are Very Shallow, Rarely Exceeding 300 Feet In Depth. The Fact That The Island Stands On The Continental Shelf Has Two Great Advantages: (1) It Is Protected From The Cold Waters Of The Deep Arctic Currents, And Thus Is Spared The Chill Ing Influences ...

Topography And Hydroorapiiy
Topography And Hydroorapiiy. The Coastal Region Is A Narrow, Low Plain Formed By Sedi Mentary Strata And Coral Limestone. Behind The Coastal, Jungle-covered Plain Rises A Wide Pla Teau, Extending To Tanganyika, From 3000 To 4000 Feet In Height. It Is Surmounted In The East By The Hills And Mountains ...

Topography_2
Topography. Three Natural Regions Are Recog Nized—the Coastal Region, The Highland, And The Kalahari Waste, The Western Part Of Which Is In The German Territory. The Coastal Region Is Under The Double Influence Of The Cold Coast Waters Coming Partly From The South, Rising Part Ly From The Ocean Depths, ...

Topography_3
Topography. The Southern Two-thirds Of Ger Many Is Highland; The Northern Third Is Low Land, A Part Of The Low Plain Of Europe. Three Topographic Forms Predominate In Central Eu Rope. The Most Southern Is The High Alps Of Switzerland. North Of The High Alps Are The Mittelgebirge (secondary Mountains) ...

Topography_4
Topography. The Coast Waters Are Shallow And Penetrate Far Into The Land, Deep Gulfs On Opposite Coasts Dividing The Mainland Into North Ern And Central Greece, And The Peninsula Of Peloponnesus, Or The Morea. The Peloponnesus Is Connected With Central Greece By The Isthmus Of Corinth, Which At Its Narrowest ...

Topography_5
Topography. The Pacific Coastal Plain Is Somewhat Broad In The West And Quite Narrow In The East Near The Coast Of Salvador. At The Foot Of The Mountains Its Slope Is Very Noticeable, But Nearing The Sea It Is Almost Level. It Is Also So Low That In The Rainy ...

Transportation And Commerce
Transportation And Commerce. The Superior Transportation Facilities Of Georgia Are Largely Responsible For Its Advanced Industrial Position Among The Southern States. Railway Construc Tion Dates From An Early Time. The Central Of Georgia Was Built From Savannah To Macon In 1833. In 1860 The Mileage Of 1420 Was Exceeded By ...

Transportation And Communication
Transportation And Communication. Prior To The Industrial Revolution In Great Britain (see Manufactures Above), The Inland Transpor Tation Facilities Were Much Inferior To Those Of Other European Countries. As Early As 1423 The English Government Began The Improvement Of The Thames River For Purposes Of Navigation, And Also The Improvement ...

Treaty Of Ghent
Ghent, Treaty Of. A Treaty Between The United States And Great Britain, Which Ended The War Between The Two Countries Known As The 'war Of 1812.' The American Negotiators Were John Quincy Adams, James A. Bayard, Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell, And Albert Gallatin. Of These Bayard And Gallatin Had Been ...

Ttie Greek Church
Greek Church, Ttie. In The Widest Sense Of The Term, All Those Christians Following The Greek Or Greco-slavonic Rite. They Agree In Receiving The First Seven General Councils Of The Catholic Church, But Reject The Supremacy Of The Roman Pontiff, And All The Later Councils Of The Western Church. The ...

United States
United States. Prior To The European Colo Nists The Only Glass Known In America Was The `obsidian' Volcanic Glass. In 1608 Some Glass Makers Were Among The Artisans Brought To Jamestown, Va., But The Craze For Tobacco In Terfered With Their Industry. In 1621 Several Italian Glass-workers Were Imported To ...

United States Geological Survey
Geological Survey, United States. The United States Geological Survey, A Bureau Of The Department Of The Interior, Is Charged With The Investigation Of The Geological Structure And Mineral Resources Of The Country. The Bureau Was Organized In 1879 As A Consolidation Of The Independent Surveys That Had Been Active For ...

United States_2
United States. The Gold-fields Of The United States Are Widely Distributed Both Geographically And Geologically, But, As Elsewhere, The Occur Rence Of Gold Is Limited To Areas Of Crustal And Volcanic Disturbances, These Apparently Being The Prime Factors That Govern The Formation Of Ore Bodies The World Over. There Are ...

Universities
Universities. Great Britain In Proportion To Population Does Not Make As Ample Provisions For University Education As Is Made In Most Other European Countries. There Was, However, In The Last Half Of The Nineteenth Century A Remarkable Increase In The Number Of Universities And In Their Attendance, And The Sphere ...

University Of Gottingen
Gottingen, University Of, Or Georg-au Gust. University. A German University Founded By Georg August, Elector Of Hanover, Better Known As George Ii. Of England. It Was Planned As Early As 1732, There Being No University In Hanover At That Time, And Lectures Were Begun Two Years Later; But The Formal ...

Use Of
Use Of Count. The Plain White Of The Marble Was Too Dazzling And Monotonous For Greek Taste; Moreover, When Poorer Materials Were Used The Stone Often Required Color Or Stucco To Conceal Its Imperfections. Our Knowledge As To The Details Of The Coloring Of The Temple Is Not Very Complete, ...

Use Of Illuminating Gas
Use Of Illuminating Gas For Fuel Pur Poses. During Recent Years There Has Been A Large Development Of The Use Of Gas For Cooking; For Such Heating As Is Not Required To Be Con Tinuous; And For Industrial Purposes Where It Is Important To Have A High And Easily Controllable ...

Uses
Uses. The Use Of Gypsum Seems To Have Been Known At A Very Early Period, For The Greeks Were Familiar With It, As Shown By The Writings Of Theophrastus And Pliny. The Commercial Value Of The Mineral Gypsum Depends Largely On The Color, The Whiter Grades Being Calcined And Used ...

V Return To Evangelical
V. Return To Evangelical Doctrine. As The Way For The Prevalence Of Rationalism Had Been Opened Through The Decline Of Practical Re Ligion, So The Return To Evangelical Doctrine Was Effected By A Revival Of Personal Piety. While Semler Was Striving To Disintegrate Faith In The Scriptures, As Well As ...

Venice
Venice. Refugees In Venice Made Glass As Early As The Fifth Century, The Abundance Of Ex Cellent Sand And Alkaline Sea-plants Facilitating The Industry. Saint Mark's, Built In 1159, Gave An Impetus To Mosaic Work On The Spot, And The Taking Of Constantinople (1204) Drove Many Greek Workmen To The ...

Verbs
Verbs. The Conjugation Of Verbs, Regular And Irregular, Is Exceedingly Complex And Full. As A General Example, The Regular Verb Dive, `to Give,' Will Suffice. Examples: Kerava, 'i Make'; Terelas But Cha Yen, 'he Had Many Children'; So Kamavela, 'what Will Come ?' Me Chinghiem Les, 'i Killed Him.' It ...

Vicente 1782 1831 Guerrero
Guerrero, Vicente ( 1782-1831). A Mexi Can Revolutionary Leader. He Was Born At Tixtla, And Spent His Youth Upon A Farm. In October, 1810, He Joined The Revolutionary Army Under Morelos, And Distinguished Himself By His Energy And Valor. In 1818, When All Opposition To The Spanish Power Seemed Extinct, ...

Volcanic Action
Volcanic Action. Molten Lava, Rising From Within The Earth Toward The Surface, Sometimes Reaches The Surface, But Often Rises Into The Crust And Remains There. Small Masses Filling Cracks In The Rocks Are Called Dikes; Masses Thrust In Be Tween The Layers Of The Strata Form Sills Or In Truded ...

Walter Quinton 1832 95 Gresham
Gresham, Walter Quinton (1832-95). An American Jurist And Politician, Born Near Lanesville, Harrison County, Ind. He Was Edu Cated At The Indiana State University, But Left Before Completing The Course, And, After Studying Law At Corydon, Ind., Was Admitted To The Bar In 1853. He Stumped The State Of Indiana ...

Washington Gladden
Gladden, Washington ( 1836— ). An American Clergyman And Writer, Born In Potts Grove, Pa. He Prepared For College At The Owego Academy, In Owego, N. Y., And Graduated At Williams In 1859. He Was Pastor Of Congrega Tional Churches In Brooklyn, N. Y., Morrisania, N. Y., North Adams, Mass., ...

Weathering
Weathering. Of An Entirely Opposite Char Acter To Metamorphism Is That Change In Rocks Which Results From Contact With The Air. In The Processes Of Metamorphism The Materials Of Rocks Are Rearranged, And In Most Cases Bound More Closely Together ; In The Processes Of Weath Ering The Materials Are ...

Wild Geese
Wild Geese. Of The Ten Or Twelve Species Of Geese Occurring In The United States, All But Two Or Three Breed In The Far North, And Are Migrants And Winter Visitants South Of Canada. The Corn Mon Wild Goose (jiranta Canadensis) Is Abundant Throughout North America. It Is About Three ...

Wild Goats
Wild Goats. True Wild Goats, Of Which Some Ten Species Are Recognized, Belong To The Old World Alone, Where They Are Confined To The Mountainous Region Which Extends From The Atlas Ranges Of Northwestern Africa To Central Asia. Some Other Animals Called Goats Are Zoologically Other Wise Related. All Are ...

Wilhelm 1822 90 Gentz
Gentz, Wilhelm (1822-90). A German Genre And Landscape Painter, Noted For His Delineations Of Oriental Life And Scenery. Born At Neu Ruppin, Brandenburg, He Turned From His Studies At The University Of Berlin To Take Up Painting At The Academy And In The Studio Of Kloeber, Then Frequented The Academy ...

William 1540 1603 Gilbert
Gilbert, William (1540-1603). A Distin Guished English Natural Philosopher And Physi Cian, Who Has Been Termed 'the Father Of Magnetic Philosophy.' He Was Born At Colchester, Of Which Town His Father Was Recorder. He Was A Member And Subsequently Fellow Of Saint John's College, Cambridge; Was B.a. In 1560, M.a. ...

William 1578 1653 Gouge
Gouge, William (1578-1653). A Puritan Divine. He Was Born At Stratford-le-bow, Mid Dlesex, December 25, 1578; Was Educated At Eton And Cambridge; Became Preacher At Saint Anne's, Blackfriars, London, In 1608, And Continued There Till His Death, December 12, 1653. He Was One Of The Leading Members Of The Presbyterian ...

William 1756 1836 Godwin
Godwin, William (1756-1836). An Eng Lish Novelist And Political Writer. The Son Of A Dissenting Minister, He Was Born At Wisbeach, Cambridgeshire. March 3, 1756. After Studying At The Hoxton Presbyterian College, He Became Min Ister At Ware In Hertfordshire, And In 1780 Min Ister At Stowmarket In Suffolk. Having ...

William Elliot Griffis
Griffis, William Elliot (1843— ). An American Clergyman, Educator, And Author, Born In Philadelphia. He Served With The Forty-fourth Pennsylvania Regiment In The Civil War, And Then Entered Rutgers College, Where He Gradu Ated In 1869. After One Year Of Study At The Dutch Reformed Theological Seminary At New Brunswick, ...

William Ewart 1809 981 Gladstone
Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-981. A British Statesman. He Was Born December 29, 1809, Of Scotch Parentage, In The City Of Liver Pool, Where His Father Was A Wealthy Merchant, A Member Of Parliament, And A Baronet. In 1821 He Was Sent To Eton, And In 1828 He Entered Christ Church ...

William Goffe
Goffe, William ( ?-c.1679). An English Regicide, Born In Sussex, Where His Father Was The Rector Of A Church At Stammer. He Was Appren Ticed To A Salter In London, When, In 1642, He Was Imprisoned For Circulating A Petition For The Parliamentary Cause. In 1645 He Was Com Missioned ...

William Lloyd 1805 79garrison
Garrison, William Lloyd ( 1805-79). The Leader Of The Radical Abolitionists In The Anti Slavery Struggle In The United States. He Was Born At Newburyport, Mass., December 10, 1805. As An Apprentice In The Newburyport Herald Office (1818-25) He Became An Expert Printer, And, While Yet A Boy, Foreman, And ...

The German Baptistbrethren
German Baptist Brethren, The. A Considerable Body Of Christians, Also Known As Hunkers, And Among Themselves As Brethren, Whose Faith And Practice Are Not Generally Known Outside Of The Localities In Which They Live. Thus The Reiterated Statements That They Are Celibates, That They Discourage Marriage, That They Do Not ...

The German Evangelicalsynod
German Evangelical Synod Of North America, The. A Church Organ Ized October 15, 1840, When Six German Minis Ters Doing Missionary Work In Missouri And Illinois Met At Gravois Settlement, Mo., And Formed The 'german Evangelical Association Of The West.' Most Of Its Early Ministers Had Been Ordained In The ...

The Grimke Sisters
Grimke Sisters, The, Smut Moms (1792-1873) And Angelina Emily ( I805-79). American Abolitionists, And Advocates Of Woman's Rights; Sisters Of Thomas Smith (q.v.). They Were Born In Charleston, S. C., Where Their Father, John Faucheraud Grimke, Was A Promi Nent Lawyer And Large Slaveholder. After His Death The Two Sisters ...