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Domenico Alberti
Alberti, Domenico (c. 1710-1740), Italian Musician, Achieved Unawares Something Like Immortality In Musical History As The Writer Of Dozens Of Sonatas In Which The Melody Is Sup Ported From Beginning To End By An Extremely Familiar, But Now Adays Little-esteemed, Formula Of Arpeggio Accompaniment, Con Sequently Known As The Alberti ...

Domestication Of Animals
Animals, Domestication Of. Animals Are Cap Tured And Tamed By Man Either As Pets Or For Use, And Some Of The More Familiar Domestic Animals, Such As The Dog And The Cat, Come Under Both Headings. Pets.—the Keeping Of Pets With No Ulterior Object Is Practically Universal Wherever Attractable Animals ...

Dominique Anel
Anel, Dominique (16 7 French Surgeon, Was Celebrated For His Successful Treatment Of Fistula Lacrymalis. While At Genoa He Invented The Fine-pointed Syringe, Still Known By His Name, For Use In The Operation. ...

Domitius Afer
Afer, Domitius, A Roman Orator And Advocate, Was Born At Nemausus (nimes). He Became An Informer And Gained The Favour Of Tiberius By Accusing Claudia Pulcra, A Cousin Of Agrippina, Of Treason. He Was Consul Under Caligula (39) And Superintendent Of The Water Supply Under Nero. He Died In A.d. ...

Don Jose Alvarez
Alvarez, Don Jose (1768-1827), Spanish Sculptor, Was Born At Priego, In The Province Of Cordova, In 1768, The Son Of A Stonemason. His Full Name Was Jose Alvarez De Pereira Y Cubero. In I 799 He Obtained From Charles Iv. A Pension Of 12,000 Reals To Enable Him To Visit ...

Don Manuel Alvarez
Alvarez, Don Manuel (17 2 ), Spanish Sculp Tor, Was Born At Salamanca. He Followed Classical Models So Closely That He Was Styled By His Countrymen El Griego, "the Greek." ...

Donato Acciajuoli
Acciajuoli, Donato (1428-1478), Italian Scholar, Was Born At Florence And Became Gonfalonier Of The City In 1473. His Works Are : A Latin Translation Of Some Of Plutarch's Lives (florence, 1478) ; Commentaries On Aristotle's Ethics And Poli Tics; And Lives Of Hannibal, Scipio And Charlemagne. In The Work On ...

Duke Of Aosta Amedeo
Amedeo Ferdinando Maria Di Savoia, Duke Of Aosta (1845-90), Third Son Of Victor Emmanuel Ii., King Of Italy, And Of Adelaide, Archduchess Of Austria, Was Born At Turin May 30 1845. In 1868 He Was Created Vice-admiral Of The Italian Navy, But Two Years Later Left Italy To Ascend The ...

Duke Of The Abruzzi
Abruzzi, Duke Of The Italian Vice Admiral And Explorer, Son Of Amadeo, Duke Of Aosta, Was Born At Madrid Jan. 29, 1873, And Named Luigi Amadeo. Although He Had A Distinguished Naval Career He Achieved Fame Also As A Trav Eller And Mountaineer. He Was The First To Ascend Mt. ...

Duke Of Wurttemberg Albert
Albert, Duke Of Wurttemberg 939), German General, The Son Of Duke Philip Of Wurttemberg, Was Born In Vienna On Dec. 23, 1865. As The King And Queen Of Wurt Temberg Had No Male Heir, He Was The Heir Presumptive To The Wurttemberg Throne. He Passed Through The Different Grades Of ...

Dukes Of Albany
Albany, Dukes Of. The Territorial Designation Of Albany Was Formerly Given To Those Parts Of Scotland To The North Of The Firths Of Clyde And Forth. The Title Of Duke Of Albany Was First Bestowed In 1398 By King Robert Iii. On His Brother, Robert Stewart, Earl Of Fife (see ...

Dynamics
Dynamics.) The Equations Of Motion Of A Slightly Viscous Fluid Such As Air Can Be Formulated, But Have Not In General Been Solved, And In No Instance Has The Complete Motion Of The Air Passing A Body, Such As A Wing, Been Calculated Directly From The Laws Of Motion. Aero ...

Earl Of Tibus
Tibus, Earl Of (d. 1242), Was A Great-grandson Of King Ste Phen And A Son-in-law Of William Of Blois. He Is Described By Bishop Stubbs As A "feudal Adventurer Of The Worst Type." He Was One Of The Executors Of Magna Carta, But Freouently Changed Sides In The Civil War ...

Earls Of Angus
Angus, Earls Of. Angus Is The Official Name Of The Former County Of Forfarshire (q.v.), And Was That Of One Of The Original Earldoms Of Pictish, Scotland, Said To Have Been Occu Pied By Seven Brothers Of Whom Angus Was The Eldest. The Celtic Line Ended With Matilda (c. 124o), ...

East Africa
East Africa The Geographical Area Which Is Included Under This Desig Nation Extends Roughly From The North Frontier Of Kenya Colony As Far South As The Zambezi, And Includes Kenya Colony, The Uganda Protectorate, Tanganyika Territory, Nyasaland And Por Tuguese East Africa. We Cannot Say For Certain Who Were The ...

Edmond Francois Valentin About
About, Edmond Francois Valentin (1828 1885), French Novelist, Publicist And Journalist, Was Born Feb. 14 1828, At Dieuze, In Lorraine. Among His College Contemporaries At The Ecole Normale Were Taine, Francisque, Sarcey, Challemel Lacour And Prevost-paradol. Of Them All About Was, According To Sarcey, The Most Highly Vitalized, Exuberant, Brilliant ...

Edmondo De Amicis
Amicis, Edmondo De (1846-1908), Italian Writer, Was Born At Oneglia, In Liguria, Oct. 21 1846. He Was Edu Cated For The Army, And Fought At The Battle Of Custozza In 1866. In 1867 He Became Director Of The Italia Militare, Florence. In The Following Year He Published La Vita Militare, ...

Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby
Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman, 1st Vis Count (186t-1936), British Field-marshal, Was Born April 23, 1861, And Joined The Inniskilling Dragoons In 1882. He Saw Active Service Early In The Bechuanaland Expedition Of 1884-85 And In Zululand 1888, And Later Passed Through The Staff College. During The South African War (1899-1902) ...

Edward Alleyn
Alleyn, Edward 0566-1626), English Actor And Founder Of Dulwich College, Was Born In London Sept. 1, 1566, The Son Of An Innkeeper. In 1586 His Name Was On The List Of The Earl Of Worcester's Players, And He Was Eventually Rated By Com Mon Consent As The Foremost Actor Of ...

Edward Goodrich Acheson
Acheson, Edward Goodrich Amer Ican Inventor, Was Born At Washington (pa.), On March 9, 1856. He Was Compelled To Earn His Living At An Early Age, But Devoted His Leisure To Mechanical Invention And Experiment. Becoming In Terested In Electricity, He Entered The Employ Of Thomas A. Edison. In 1881 ...

Edwin Abbott Abbott
Abbott, Edwin Abbott (1838-1926), English Schoolmaster And Grammarian, Succeeded G. F. Mortimer As Headmaster Of The City Of London School In 1865. He Was The Author Of A Shakespearian Grammar (1870), Which Is A Perma Nent Contribution To English Philology, And Of Many Theological Works, Among Them The Article On ...

Edwin Austin Abbey
Abbey, Edwin Austin American Paint Er, Was Born At Philadelphia April 1, 1852. He Left The Schools Of The Pennsylvania Academy Of Fine Arts At The Age Of 19 To Enter The Art Department Of The Publishing House Of Harper And Brothers In New York, Where, In Company With Such ...

Elisha Benjamin Andrews
Andrews, Elisha Benjamin Ameri Can Educator, Was Born In Hinsdale, N.h., On Jan. 1 O, 1844. At The Outbreak Of The Civil War He Entered The Union Army And Was Woundea, Losing An Eye, At Petersburg, In 1864. He Graduated From Brown University In 1870 And From Newton Theological Insti ...

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
Anderson, Elizabeth Garrett English Physician, And Pioneer In The Professional Education Of Englishwomen, Daughter Of Newson Garrett, Of Aldeburgh, Suf Folk. She Was Born In 1836, And Was Educated At Home . And At A Private School. In 186o She Resolved To Study Medicine, An Un Heard-of Procedure For A ...

Emilio Aguinaldo
Aguinaldo, Emilio (c. 1869— ), Filipino Insur Rectionary Leader, Was Born Near Cavite, Luzon, Of Chinese And Tagalog Parentage. He Was Educated In His Native Town And In The University Of St. Thomas, Conducted By Dominican Friars In Manila. At The Outbreak Of The Insurrection In Aug. 1896, He Was ...

Emma Abbott
Abbott, Emma (1849-1891), American Singer, Was Born In Chicago, Ill., And Studied In Milan And Paris. She Had A Fine Soprano Voice, And Appeared First In Opera In London At Covent Garden, Also Singing At Important Concerts. She Organized An Opera Company Known By Her Name, And Toured Extensively In ...

Emmanuel Armand De Wig
Aiguillon, Emmanuel Armand De Wig Nerod Du Plessis De Richelieu, Duc (172°— 1782), French Statesman, Nephew Of The Marechal De Richelieu, Was Born On July 31, 1720. He Was A Member Of The So-called Parti Devot, The Faction Opposed To Madame De Pompadour, To The Jansenists, And To The Parlement. ...

Emplricus
Emplricus. See Also Carneades And Arcesilaus. Of The Ruppeovelot X6-yot Nothing Remains; We Have, However, An Analysis In The Myriobiblion Of Photius. Bibliography.-see Zeller's History Of Greek Philosophy; E. Saisset,bibliography.-see Zeller's History Of Greek Philosophy; E. Saisset, Aenesideme, Pascal, Kant; Ritter And Preller, Sections 364-370; V. Brochard, Les Sceptiques Grecs, ...

Endre Ady
Ady, Endre Hungarian Poet, Was Born Nov. 21, 1877, At Ermindszent, Transylvania. He Was A Leader Of The Modern School And One Of The Greatest Lyrical Poets Of Hungary. During His Youth He Became Intimate With The Publicists And Politicians Of The Radical And Socialist Parties. When He Settled Down ...

English History
English History). ...

Ephraim Douglass Adams
Adams, Ephraim Douglass _5-1930), Ameri Can Educator And Historian, Brother Of Henry Carter Adams (q.v.), Was Born In Decorah, Ia., Dec. 18, 1865. He Graduated In 1887 From The University Of Michigan From Which In 1890 He Received The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy. From 1891 To 1899 He Was ...

Erasmus Alberus
Alberus, Erasmus (c. 150o-1553), German Humanist And Poet, Was Born At Sprendlingen, Near Frankfort, And Died At Neubrandenburg On May 5, '553. He Was Almost The Only Member Of Luther's Party Who Commanded An Effective Weapon Of Satire. Ile Ridiculed The Franciscan Order In His Barfiisser Monche Eulen Spiegel Und ...

Erik Acharius
Acharius, Erik (1757-1819), Swedish Botanist, Was A Pupil Of Linnaeus At Uppsala University, And Devoted Himself To The Study Of Lichens. His Most Important Work Is Lichenographia Universalis (gottingen, 18o4) ...

Ernst Abbe
Abbe, Ernst (184o-1905), German Physicist, Was Born In Eisenach, Thuringia, Jan. 23, 1840. He Was Educated At Gottin Gen And Jena. In 1863 He Became An Instructor, And In 187o Wa S Made A Professor, In The University Of Jena, At Which In 1878 He Was Appointed Director Of The ...

Ernst F W Alexanderson
Alexanderson, Ernst F. W. ), Engineer And Inventor, Born At Uppsala, Sweden, Jan. 25, 1878. He Early Exhibited A Strong Aptitude For Mechanics. After Graduat Ing From The Royal Technical University In Stockholm, He Passed A Year At The Royal Institute Of Technology At Berlin. In 19oi He Went To ...

Ethan Allen
Allen, Ethan American Soldier, Was Born At Litchfield, Conn., On Jan. 1o, 1739. He Removed, Probably In 1769, To The "new Hampshire Grants," Where He Took Up Lands, And Eventually Became A Leader Of Those Who Refused To Recognize The Jurisdiction Of New York, And Contended For The Organization Of ...

Ethelred Aelred Ailred
Aelred (ailred, Ethelred) ( 1109 I 66) , English Theo Logian, Historical Writer, And Abbot Of Rievaulx, Was Born At Hex Ham About The Year 1109. In His Youth He Was At The Court Of Scotland As An Attendant Of Henry, Son Of David I. He Renounced The Prospect Of ...

Ethiopia
Ethiopia). ...

Experimental Aesthetics
Aesthetics, Experimental. Great Artists Through Out The Centuries Have Contributed To An Empirical Aesthetic In The Broad Sense Of The Term. Some Of Them Have Given Us Exten Sive Treatises Based Upon An Analysis Of Their Own Methods Of Artistic Production, Or Upon An Investigation Of Existing Works Of Art. ...

Experiments On Animals
Animals, Experiments On. The Making Of Experi Ments On The Lower Animals For The Purpose Of Advancing Medi Cal Knowledge Is In Some Countries Unrestricted ; In Others It Is Restricted By Law. ...

External Form Of Aeroplanes
External Form Of Aeroplanes Or Airplanes. Is A Striking Lack Of Variation In The Appearance As Seen In Plan Of All Modern Aeroplanes. The Main Wings Have A Large Span (fig. 7 A) In Relation To Their Chord, The Average Ratio Of Span To Chord Being About Seven. This Is ...

Ezra Abbot
Abbot, Ezra (1819-1884), American Biblical Scholar, Was Born At Jackson, Me., April 28, 1819. He Graduated At Bowdoin College In 1840; And, After Being Principal Of A Public School In Cambridge, Became Assistant Librarian Of Harvard University, And From 1872 Until His Death Bussey Professor Of New Testa Ment Criticism ...

Faculty Of Advocates
Advocates, Faculty Of, The Collective Term Em Ployed To Designate The Members Of The Bar Of Scotland. The Faculty Has Grown Out Of The Scots Act Of 1532, Which Established The College Of Justice, Or Court Of Session, In Scotland. The Advocates Had, And Still Have, The Sole Right Of ...

Felice Anerio
Anerio, Felice (156o-1614), Composer. He Studied Under Nanino, And Succeeded Palestrina In 1594 As Composer To The Papal Chapel. Masses And Motets Of His Are Printed In Proske's Musica Divina And Other Modern Anthologies. The I2 Part Stabat Mater In Vol. Vii. Of Palestrina's Works May Have Been By Felice ...

Felix Adler
Adler, Felix (1851-1933), American Educationalist, Was Born At Alzey, Germany, Aug. 13, 1851. His Father, A Jewish Rabbi, Emigrated To The United States In 1857, And The Son Gradu Ated At Columbia College In 1870. After Completing His Studies At Berlin And Heidelberg, He Became, In 1874, Professor Of Hebrew ...

Fern I Alvarez Do
Alvarez Do Oriente, Fern (i Portuguese Poet, Was Born In Goa And Served In The Indies. His Incomplete Lusitania Transformada (1607) Is An Elegant Pastoral Poem. ...

Fernando Alvarez De Toledo
Alva Or Alba, Fernando Alvarez De Toledo, Duke Of (1508-83), Spanish Soldier, Was Descended From One Of The Most Illustrious Families In Spain. Selected For A Military Command By Charles V., He Took Part In The Siege Of Tunis (1535), And Successfully Defended Perpignan Against The Dauphin Of France. He ...

Festival Of All Hallows
All Saints, Festival Of (all Hallows, Hallow Mass), A Feast Of The Church Celebrated On Nov. In Honour Of All Saints, Known Or Unknown, As A Festival Of The First Rank, With Vigil And Octave. The First Trace Of A General Commemoration Of Martyrs Is In Antioch On The Sunday ...

Firmin Abauzit
Abauzit, Firmin (ah-bo-ze) (1679-1767), French Scholar, Was Born Of Protestant Parents At Vries, In Languedoc, Nov. 11, 1679, And Died At Geneva, March 20, 1767. After The Revocation Of The Edict Of Nantes In 1685 The Family Took Refuge In Geneva Where The Boy Received His Education. Abauzit Visited Holland ...

Fisher Ames
Ames, Fisher (1758-1808), American Statesman, Orator And Political Writer, Was Born At Dedham, Mass., On April 9, 1758. He Graduated At Harvard College In 1774, And Began The Practice Of The Law At Dedham In 1781, But Eventually Abandoned That Profession For The Pursuit Of Politics. He Was A Prominent ...

Fra Angelico
Angelico, Fra , Italian Painter. I1 Beato Fra Giovanni Angelico Da Fiesole Is The Name Given To A Painter Friar Of The Florentine State In The 15th Century. His Baptismal Name Was Guido, Giovanni Being Only His Name In Religion. He Was Born At Vicchio, Tuscany, Of Unknown But Seemingly ...

Frances Abington
Abington, Frances (1737-1815), English Actress, Was The Daughter Of A Private Soldier Named Barton, And Was, At First, A Flower Girl And A Street Singer. She Appeared At The Hay Market In 1755 As Miranda In Mrs. Centlivre's Busybody. In 1756, On The Recommendation Of Samuel Foote, She Joined The ...

Francesco Albani Or Albano
Albani Or Albano, Francesco Italian Painter, Was Born At Bologna. His First Master Was Denis Calvert, With Whom Guido Reni Was At The Same Time A Pupil. He Was Soon Left By Calvert Entirely To The Care Of Guido Whom He Followed To The School Of The Caracci. Albani Opened ...

Francis Ackerman
Ackerman, Francis (c. 1335-87), Flemish Soldier And Diplomat, Was Born At Ghent. He Was Partly Responsible For Inducing Philip Van Artevelde To Become First Captain Of The City Of Ghent In 1382. He Secured For Ghent Assistance From The Citizens Of Brussels, Louvain And Liege, And, As Admiral Of The ...

Francis Van Aarssens Or
Aarssens Or Aarssen, Francis Van Dutch Diplomatist And Statesman. Johan Van Oldenbarneveldt Sent Him, At The Age Of 26 Years, As A Diplomatic Agent Of The States General Of The United Provinces To The Court Of France. He Helped To Negotiate The 12 Years' Truce In 1606. Recalled From His ...

Francisco Alvarez
Alvarez, Francisco (c. ?), Portuguese Missionary And Explorer, Born At Coimbra, Was Sent In 1515 As Secretary To Duarte Galvao And Rodrigo Da Lima On An Embassy To The Negus Of Abyssinia (lebna Dengel Dawit [david] Ii.). It Was Not Until 152o That He Reached Abyssinia, Where He Remained Six ...

Franco Alfano
Alfano, Franco (1876– ), Italian Composer_ Was Born At Posilipo, Near Naples, March 8, 1876. He Studied At Naples And Leipzig And By His Numerous Works For The Stage Has Acquired A Leading Position Among His Contemporaries. He Has Also Written Orchestral And Chamber Works Of Merit. For A Time ...

Francois Anguier
Anguier, Francois (c. And Michel (1612-1686), French Sculptors, Were Two Brothers, Natives Of Eu In Normandy. The Mausoleum Of Henri Ii., Last Duc De Montmor Ency, At Moulins, Is The Work Of Francois. To Michel Are Due The Sculptures Of The Triumphal Arch At The Porte St. Denis, Begun In ...

Franz Abt
Abt, Franz (1819-1885), German Composer, Was Born At Eilenburg, Saxony, And Died At Wiesbaden. His Songs And Part Songs Enjoyed An Extraordinary Vogue Throughout The World In The Middle Of The 1 Gth Century, And Are Still Popular. Abt Was Kapell Meister At Bernburg In 1841, At Zurich In The ...

Franz Heinrich Ludolf Ahrens
Ahrens, Franz Heinrich Ludolf German Philologist, Was Born At Helmstedt, June 6, 1809, And Died Sept. 25, 1881. His Most Important Work Is De Graecae Linguae Dialectis New Ed. By Meister, Which, Al Though Unfortunately Incomplete, Dealing Only With Aeolic And Doric, And In Some Respects Superseded By Modern Research, ...

Franz Ulrich Theodor Aepinus
Aepinus, Franz Ulrich Theodor German Natural Philosopher, Was Born At Rostock, Saxony, On Dec. 13 1724. In 1757 He Settled In St. Petersburg As Member Of The Imperial Academy Of Sciences And Professor Of Physics, And Remained There Till His Retirement In 1798. The Rest Of His Life Was Spent ...

Frederick Augustus Albert
Albert, Frederick Augustus King Of Saxony, Was Born April 23, 1828, Being The Eldest Son Of Prince John, Who Succeeded To The Throne In 1854. In 1849 He Served As A Captain In The Campaign Of Schleswig-holstein Against The Danes. When The War Of 1866 Broke Out, The Crown Prince ...

Frederick Beauchamp Paget Seymour
Alcester, Frederick Beauchamp Paget Seymour, Baron (1821-95), British Admiral, Was Born April 12, 1821. Entering The Navy In 1834, He Served In The Mediterra Nean And The Pacific, Was For Three Years Flag-lieutenant To His Uncle Sir George Seymour, And Was Promoted To Be Commander In 1847. He Had A ...

Frederick Madison Allen
Allen, Frederick Madison (1879- ), Ameri Can Physician, Was Born In Des Moines, Ia., On March 16, 1879. He Graduated At The University Of California In 1902, Studied Medicine For Three Years In The University Of Chicago, And In 2907 Graduated In Medicine At The University Of California. He Made ...

Frederick Upham Adams
Adams, Frederick Upham American Author And Industrial Engineer, Was Born In Boston, Mass., On Dec. 1o, 1859. He Removed To Elgin, Ill., And Graduated At The High School There In 1876. He Then Studied Mechanical Engineering, Which He Practised From 1882 To 1890. In 1886 He Invented An Electric Lamp-post, ...

Friedrich Adler
Adler, Friedrich (1879- ), Austrian Politician, Was Born In Vienna July 9, 1879, The Son Of Viktor Adler (q.v.). From 1907 To 1911 He Was Lecturer In Physics At The University Of Zürich, But He Was Soon Immersed In Politics. From 1911 To 1916 He Was Secretary Of The Austrian ...

Galeazzo Alessi
Alessi, Galeazzo (1512-1572), Italian Architect, Was Born At Perugia, And Was Probably A Pupil Of Caporali. He Was An Enthusiastic Student Of Ancient Architecture, And His Style Gained For Him A European Reputation. Genoa Is Indebted To Him For A Number Of Magnificent Palaces, And His Art May Be Studied ...

General And Special Abilities
Abilities, General And Special. The Now Common Term "general Ability" In Its Current Signification Is Of Recent Origin. Previously It Appears To Have Had Only Occasional Usage In Ordinary Writing And Conversation, Being There Taken To Characterize Excellence In Performances Of Several Different Kinds; Especially When These Were Not All ...

General Features Of Aegean
General Features Of Aegean Civilization The Leading Features Of Aegean Civilization, As Deduced From The Evidence Must Be Stated Very Briefly. ) Political Organization.—the Great Cretan Palaces And The Fortified Citadels Of Mycenae, Tiryns And Hissarlik, Each Containing Little More Than One Great Residence, And Dominating Lower Towns Of Meaner ...

Georg Agricola
Agricola, Georg , German Scholar And Man Of Science, Known As "the Father Of Mineralogy," Was Born At Glauchau In Saxony On March 24, 149o. The Name Agricola Is The Latinized Form Of The German Bauer. His .early Studies Were In Philology, But He Took His Degree In Medicine In ...

George Abbot
Abbot, George (1562-1633), Archbishop Of Canter Bury, Was Born On Oct. 19, 1562, At Guildford, Surrey, The Son Of A Cloth-worker. Educated At Balliol College, Oxford, He Became Master Of University College (1597) And Dean Of Winchester (1600). He Was One Of Those Who Prepared King James's Version Of The ...

George Abbott
Abbott, George (1889– ), American Playwright, Was Born In Forestville, N.y., On June 25, 1889. He Graduated At The University Of Rochester (1911), Where He Wrote And Acted For The Dramatic Club. The Following Year He Studied Dramatic Writing With Prof. George Pierce Baker At Harvard, Had A One-act Play ...

George Acropolitaakropolites
Acropolita (akropolites), George ( I 2 I 7- 82), Byzantine Historian And Statesman, Was Born At Constanti Nople. At An Early Age He Was Sent To The Court Of John Ducas Batatzes (vatatzes), Emperor Of Nicaea, By Whom And By His Successors (theodorus Ii. Lascaris And Michael Viii. Palaeol Ogus) ...

George Allen
Allen, George (1832-1907), English Engraver And Pub Lisher, Was Born At Newark-on-trent On March 26, 1832, And Died At Orpington, Kent, On Sept. 5, 1907. He Was Apprenticed To A Clerkenwell Builder, And Became A Skilled Joiner. He Came Into Contact With Ruskin At Ruskin's Drawing Class At The Work ...

George Burton Adams
Adams, George Burton (1851-1925), American Educator And Historian, Was Born In Fairfield, Vt., June 3, 1851. He Graduated From Beloit College, Beloit, Wis., In 1873, And Received The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy From The University Of Leipzig, Germany, In 1886. He Was Professor Of History In Drury College, Springfield, ...

George Gordon Aberdeen
Aberdeen, George Gordon, I St Earl Of (1637— 1720 ) , Lord Chancellor Of Scotland, Was The Son Of Sir George Gordon Of Haddo, Who Had Been Executed By The Presbyterians In 1664. He Was Born Oct. 3, 1637, And Studied At Aberdeen And Abroad. He Was Called To The ...

George Gordon Aberdeen_2
Aberdeen, George Gordon, 4th Earl Of 1860) , British Statesman, Was Born In Edinburgh On Jan. 28, 1784, The Son Of George Gordon, Lord Haddo. At The Age Of 11, When He Was Left An Orphan, He Went To Reside With Henry Dundas, Afterwards Lord Melville; And Three Years Later ...

George James Allman
Allman, George James 0812-1898), British Bio Logist, Was Born In Cork, Ireland, And Died At Parkstone, Dorset, Nov. 24, 1898. His Most Important Work Was Upon The Gymno Blastic Hydrozoa, On Which He Published In 1871-72, Through The Ray Society, An Exhaustive Monograph, Based Largely On His Own Researches And ...

George Monk Or Monck
Albemarle, George Monk Or Monck, 1st Duke Of. See Monk. Albemarle, Arnold Joost Van Keppel, I St Earl Of (1669- I 7 I 8) , Was Born In Holland, And Accompanied William Iii. To England In 1688. He Was Created Earl Of Albemarle In 1697. Of Genoa By Rail. Pop. ...

George Robert Aberigh Mackay
Aberigh-mackay, George Robert (1848 1881), Anglo-indian Writer, Is Known By His Famous Twenty-one Days In India (1878-79), A Satire Upon Anglo-indian Society And Ways Of Thinking. ...

George Thorndike Angell
Angell, George Thorndike (1823-1 Gog), Ameri Can Philanthropist, Was Born At Southbridge (mass.), On June 5, 1823. He Graduated At Dartmouth In 1846, Studied Law At The Harvard Law School, And In 1851 Was Admitted To The Bar In Boston, Where He Practised For Many Years. In 1868 He Founded ...

Georges D Amboise
Amboise, Georges D' (1460-1510), French Cardinal And Minister Of State, Was The Son Of Pierre D'amboise, Seigneur De Chamont, Chamberlain To Charles Vii. And Louis Xi. Georges D'amboise Was Bishop Of Montauban, Then Archbishop Of Nar Bonne, And Then (1493) Of Rouen. On The Accession Of Louis Xii., To Whose ...

Giacomo Aconcio
Aconcio, Giacomo (1492-1566?), Pioneer Of Religious Toleration, Was One Of The Italians, Like Peter Martyr And Ber Nardino Ochino, Who Repudiated Roman Catholic Doctrine And Ultimately Found Refuge In England, Where He Worked As An Engineer On Various Public Works. Before Reaching England He Had Published A Treatise On The ...

Gil Alvarez De Albornoz
Albornoz, Gil Alvarez De, Spanish Cardinal, Was Born At Cuenca Early In The 14th Century And Died At Viterbo In 1367. He Was Made Archbishop Of Toledo In 1337 And Cardinal In 135o. In Innocent Vi. Sent Him From Avignon As Legate Into Italy With A Mission To Secure The ...

Giovanni Amendola
Amendola, Giovanni (1882-1926), Italian Politician And Journalist, Was Born At Naples, April 15 1882. He Entered Journalism At The Age Of 18, And Eventually Became Rome Corre Spondent Of The Milan Corriere Della Sera,-which He Left In 1921 To Found A Paper Of His Own, 11 Mondo. In 1919 He ...

Giovanni Andrea
Andrea, Giovanni (1275-1348), Professor Of Canon Law At Bologna, Where He Is Said To Have Died Of Plague. Curious Stories Are Told Of Him, E.g., That By Way Of Self-mortification He Lay Every Night For 20 Years On The Bare Ground With Only A Bear's Skin For A Covering; That ...

Giovanni Animuccia
Animuccia, Giovanni, Italian Musical Composer, Was Born At Florence In The Last Years Of The 15th Century. At The Request Of St. Filippo Neri He Composed A Number Of Laudi, Or Hymns Of Praise, To Be Sung After Sermon Time, Which Have Given Him An Accidental Prominence In Musical History, ...

Giovanni Battista Adriani
Adriani, Giovanni Battista Ital Ian Historian, Was Born Of A Patrician Family Of Florence, And Was Secretary To The Republic. At The Instance Of Cosimo I. He Wrote Istoria De'suoi Tempi (1583; Modern Ed. 1872), Covering The Years 1536 To See G. M. Mazzucchelli, Gli Scrittori D'italia, I. P. 151 ...

Giovanni Battista Amici
Amici, Giovanni Battista (1786-1863), Italian Astronomer And Microscopist, Was Born March 25 1786, At Modena And Died At Florence, April I O 1863. His Name Is Best Known For The Improvements He Effected In The Mirrors Of Reflecting Tele Scopes And Especially In The Development And Construction Of The Microscope. ...

Girolamo Hieronymus Ale Ander
Aleandro, Girolamo (hieronymus Ale Ander) (1480-1542), Italian Cardinal, One Of The Greatest Scholars Of His Time, Was Born At Motta, Near Venice On Feb. 13, 148o, And Died At Rome On Feb. 1, 1542. He Was For Some Time Rector Of The University Of Paris. In 1520 He Was Sent ...

Giulio Alberoni
Alberoni, Giulio Car Dinal And Statesman, The Son Of A Gardener, Born Near Piacenza, Probably At The Village Of Fiorenzuola. He Took Priest's Orders, And Found His Way To Rome In Attendance On The Son Of A Bishop. During The War Of The Spanish Succession Alberoni Rendered Substantial Services To ...

Giulio Alenio
Alenio, Giulio (ah-la'ne-o) (1582-1649), Italian Jesuit Missionary, Was Born At Brescia. He Landed At Macao In 161 O, And Penetrated Into China Three Years Later. During His 3o Years' Residence In China He Adopted The Dress And Manners Of The Country, Was The First Christian Missionary In Kiang-si, And Built ...

Glover Morrill Allen
Allen, Glover Morrill ), American Naturalist, Was Born In Walpole, N.h., On Feb. 8, 1879. He Was Educated At Harvard University At Which He Graduated In 19o1, Received The Degree Of Ph.d. In 1904 And Continued Further Study In 1906-07. In 19o1 He Was Appointed Librarian Of The Boston Society ...

Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, Tribune Of The People 104 B.c., Brought Forward A Law (lex Domitia De Sacerdotiis) By Which The Priests Of The Superior Colleges Were To Be Elected By The People In The Comitia Tributa Instead Of By Co-optation; The Law Was Repealed By Sulla, Revived By Julius Caesar ...

Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus_2
Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, Son Of The Above, Accom Panied By His Father At Corfinium And Pharsalus, And, Having Been Pardoned By Caesar, Returned To Rome In 46 B.c. After Caesar's Assassination He Attached Himself To Brutus And Cassius, And In 43 B.c. Was Condemned By The Lex Pedia As Having ...

Gnaeus Iulius Ad Agricola
Agricola, Gnaeus Iulius (a.d. 3 , Roman General, Father-in-law Of The Historian Tacitus, Was Born On June 13, A.d. 37 (according To Others, 39) At Forum Iulii (frejus) In Gallia Narbonensis. His Grandfathers Were Of Equestrian Rank; His Father Became A Senator, But Was Put To Death By Caligula. Agricola ...

Grace Abbott
Abbott, Grace (1878-1939), American Social Worker, Was Born Nov. 17, 1878, At Grand Island, Nebraska. She Graduated From Grand Island College In 1898, And, After Teaching For Nine Years, Became In 1908 Director Of The Immigrants' Protective League And A Resident Of Hull House, Chicago. She Received The Degree Of ...

Grace Aguilar
Aguilar, Grace (1816-47), English Writer, The Daugh Ter Of A Jewish Merchant In London, Was Born In June 1816. Her Works Consist Chiefly Of Religious Fiction, Such As The Vale Of Cedars (1850) And Home Influence (1847) . She Also Wrote, In Defence Of Her Faith And Its Professors, The ...

Grant Charles Grant Blairfindie
Allen, Grant (charles Grant Blairfindie) (1848— '899), English Author, Son Of A Clergyman Of Irish Descent, Was Born At Kingston (ont.), Canada, On Feb. 24, 1848. He Was Educated Partly In America And France, And In England At King Edward's School, Birmingham, And Afterwards At Merton College, Oxford. He Was ...

Greek Academy
Academy, Greek, Or Academe, The Name Given To The Philosophic School Founded By Plato. The Name Is Derived From A Pleasure Garden Or Gymnasium Situated In The Suburb Of The Ceramicus On The River Cephissus About A Mile To The North-west Of Athens From The Gate Called Dipylum. It Was ...