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Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 3 Baltimore - Braila

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Banat
Banat. This Name, Which Means "frontier Province," Was Given To A Region South-east Of The Present Hungarian Frontiers Which Was Enclosed By The Danube On The South, The Maros On The North, The Theiss On The West And The Transylvanian Alps On The East. It Has Ceased To Exist Now ...

Banbridge
Banbridge, Town, Co. Down, Northern Ireland, 23m. S.w. Of Belfast On A Branch Of The Great Northern Railway. Pop. Of Urban District (1926), 4,8j4. To Mitigate A Steep Ascent, A Central Carriageway, 2ooyd. Long, Is Cut Along The Main Street To A Depth Of 15ft., The Opposite Terraces Being Connected ...

Banbury
Banbury, Municipal Borough, Oxfordshire, England, On The River Cherwell, 86 Miles N.w. Of London By The Northern Line Of The Great Western Railway. Population Of Municipal Borough Containing Also Grimsbury And Neithrop Parishes There Was An Early Settlement On The Site; A Battle Being Fought Here In 556 Between Cynric ...

Banca Ditalia
Banca D'italia, A Joint-stock Bank With A Capital Of 24o Million Lire, Since June 1926 The Sole Bank Of Issue Of The Kingdom Of Italy. Founded In 1893, It Is Of Comparatively Recent Growth, But It Can Claim A Long Line Of Descent, Tracing Back To The Famous Genoese Bank, ...

Band Of Frequencies
Band Of Frequencies, A Continuous Range Of Fre Quencies Extending Between Two Definite Frequencies. In Radio Communication, Frequency Bands Of Various Widths Are Allocated Or Assigned By International Agreement For Use By Certain Services Such As, Broadcasting, Transoceanic, And Ship-to-shore Communi Cation. The Width Of The Frequency Band Required For ...

Band Pass Electrical Wave Filter
Band-pass Electrical Wave-filter, A Device Designed To Transmit Or Pass Electric Currents Of Frequencies Within A Continuous Frequency Band. Currents Having Frequencies Beyond The Critical Or Cut-off Frequencies Of This Band Are Attenuated Or Are Not Transmitted. (see Filter.) ...

Band Saws
Band Saws, Wood Saws Consisting Of A Continuous Band Of Steel Carrying Saw Teeth On Either Or Both Edges And Mounted On Two Wheels Arranged Above And Below Or At Either Side Of A Work-table. Power Is Applied To One Of The Wheels, Moving The Band At A High Rate ...

Band Spectrum
Band Spectrum. A Spectrum Consists Of Lines Showing Certain Definite Regularities Of Arrangement. The So-called "line Spectra" (q.v.) Are Attributable To Atoms, And Band Spectra Are Due To Molecules. Many Of The Features Characteristic Of Band Spectra May Be Seen In The Plate. All Comprise A Very Large Number Of ...

Band
Band, Something Which "binds" Or Fastens One Thing To An Other, Hence A Cord, Rope Or Tie, E.g., The Straps Fastening The Sheets To The Back In Book-binding. The Word Is A Variant Of "bond," And Is From The Stem Of The Teutonic Bindan, To Bind. From The Same Source ...

Banda Islands
Banda Islands, In The Banda Sea, Dutch East Indies, 130m. South-east Of Amboyna, And 6om. South Of Ceram, In The Residency Of Amboyna. The Ten Islands Cover Only 20 Sq.m. The Three Largest Are Lontor, Or Great Banda (71m. Long), Banda Neira, And Gunong Api, Grouped Around An Inland Sea ...

Banda
Banda, A Town And District Of British India, In The Jhansi Division Of The United Provinces. The Town Is Near The Right Bank Of The River Ken, 95m. S.w. Of Allahabad. The Population In Was 22,415. The District Contains An Area Of 2,864 Sq. Miles. Irregular Up Lands With Outcrops ...

Bandages And Bandaging
Bandages And Bandaging. A Bandage Is A Strip Or Piece Of Woven Material Used To Bind Up Wounds. Its General Use Is To Retain Dressings Or Splints In Position ; To Give Support To A Part Of The Body; And To Exert Pressure To Stop Or Prevent Bleeding. There Are ...

Bandana Or Bandanna
Bandana Or Bandanna, A Word Probably Derived From The Hindustani Bandhnu, Which Signified A Primitive Method Of Obtaining An Effect In Dyeing By Tying Up Cloth In Different Places To Prevent The Particular Parts From Receiving The Dye. The Name Was Given To Richly Coloured Silk Handkerchiefs Produced By This ...

Bandar Abbas
Bandar Abbas, A Port Of Persia On The Strait Of Ormuz, 2 7 ° I I' N. And 56° 17' E., Being One Of The "gulf Ports" Which Form An Administrative Division Of The Persian Province Of Fars And Southern Ports. The Town Is The Seat Of The Persian Dep ...

Bandarawela
Bandarawela, A Hill-station Of Ceylon, Situated 8om. Almost Due East Of Colombo, 4,036ft. Above Sea-level, On The Kandy-badulla Railway. It Possesses A Good Hotel, Surrounded By Numerous Private Bungalows. It Enjoys A Delightful Climate, Which Is Cool And Bracing But Warmer Than That Of Nuwara Eliya. Pop Ulation In 1931 ...

Bandelier National Monument
Bandelier National Monument, A Tract Em Bracing About 34 Sq. M. In The North Central Part Of New Mexico, U.s.a. It Became A Government Reservation In 1916 And Is Admin Istered By The Department Of Agriculture. It Is The Site Of A Great Number Of Prehistoric Artificial Caves, Immense Cliff ...

Banderole
Banderole, A Small Flag Or Streamer Carried On The Lance Of A Knight, Or Flying From The Mast-head Of A Ship, Etc. ; In Ar Chitecture, A Band Used In Sculp Ture Of The Renaissance Period For Bearing An Inscription, Etc. ...

Bandicoot Rat
Bandicoot-rat, A Large Rat (nesocia Bandicota), In Habiting India And Ceylon, Which Measures From 12 To 15 In. To The Root Of The Tail, While The Tail Itself Measures From I 1 To 13 In. It Differs From Typical Rats By Its Broader Incisors, And The Less Distinct Cusps On ...

Bandicoot
Bandicoot, Any Animal Of The Marsupial Genus Peram Eles. The Species, About 12 In Number, Are Widely Distributed Over Australia, And The Adjacent Islands. They Are Of Small Size And Live On The Ground, Making Nests In Hollow Places And Form Ing Burrows In Which They Pass A Great Part ...

Bandolier Or Bandoleer
Bandolier Or Bandoleer (a Little Band), A Belt Worn Over The Shoulder By Soldiers To Carry Cartridges. In The 1 7th Century Wooden Cases Were Hung To The Belt To Contain Powder Charges. The Modern Bandolier Carries The Cartridges Either In Loops Sewn To The Belt Or In Small Pouches, ...

Bandon Or Bandonbridge
Bandon Or Bandonbridge, Town, Co. Cork, Ireland, Situated In A Broad Open Valley On Both Sides Of The River Bandon. Pop. (1926), 2,816. It Is Tom. S.w. Of The City Of Cork By The Great Southern Railway. It Is An Important Agricultural Centre And There Are Distilleries, Breweries And Flour-mills. ...

Bandung
Bandung, Capital Of The Mid-preanger Residency, Java, Dutch East Indies, The Third Largest City In Netherlands India. Pop. (193o) 166,722, (19,664 Europeans And Eurasians, 129,918 Natives And 17,14o Foreign Asiatics, Including Chinese). In 1906 It Had Less Than 5o,000 Inhabitants. It Is Situated On A Plateau In Preanger, 2,346ft. Above ...

Bandurria
Bandurria, A Spanish Musical Instrument Of The Guitar Family Having From Three To Six Strings Plucked By A Plectrum. The Bandurria Is Not To Be Confused With The Pandura, An Ancient Oriental Instrument Of The Lute Type, From Which, As Also From The Mandoline, It Differs Essentially Inasmuch As Its ...

Baneberry Or Herb Christopher
Baneberry Or Herb Christopher, Popular Names For Actaea Spicata (family Ranunculaceae) A Poisonous Herb With Long-stalked Compound Leaves, Small White Flowers, And Black Berries, Found Wild In Copses In Limestone Districts In The North Of England. It Is Widely Distributed In The North Temperate Zone. ...

Banff
Banff, Royal, Municipal And Police Burgh, Seaport And Capi Tal Of Banffshire, Scotland. Pop. ( 3,489. It Is Beautifully Situated On High Ground, On The Left Bank Of The Mouth Of The Deveron, Som. North-west Of Aberdeen By The L.n.e. Railway. Its First Charter Was Granted By Malcolm Iv. In ...

Banffshire
Banffshire, Northeast County Of Scotland, Bounded On The North By Moray Firth, Nn The East And South By Aberdeenshire, And On The West By Elgin And Inverness. Its Area Is 404,053 Acres, Or About 63o Square Miles. The Northern Half Is Mostly Fine, Open And Undulating, With Rich, Highly Cultivated ...

Banff_2
Banff, A Popular Mountain Resort In The Southwestern Part Of Alberta, Canada. Its Population According To The Census Of 1931 Was 2,519. Situated On The Main Line Of The Canadian Pa Cific Railway, It Is The Principal Station For The Rocky Mountain Park Of Canada, Which Has An Area Of ...

Bangalore
Bangalore, A City Of India, The Capital Of The Native State Of Mysore, And The Largest British Cantonment In The South Of India. It Is 3, I 13f T. Above Sea-level, And 219m. W. Of Madras By Rail. Pop. (1931) 172,357, Was Nearly Double That Of 19". This Rapid Increase ...

Banganapalle
Banganapalle, A State Of Southern India, Surrounded By The Madras District Of Kurnool. Area, 255sq.m.; Pop. (,931) 39,218; No Tribute And No Army. The Late Nawab Was Temporarily Removed From His Position In 1905 Owing To The Inefficiency And Excessive Expenditure Of The Administration. The Present Nawab Is Meer Fazle ...

Bangash
Bangash, A Pathan Tribe In The Kohat District Of The North-west Frontier Province Of India. See H. A. Rose, Tribes And Castes Of The Punjab And North-west Frontier Province (191i) . ...

Bangkok
Bangkok, The Capital Of Siam, On The River Me Nam, About Tom. From Its Mouth. Until Modern Times The City Was Built Largely On Floating Pontoons Or On Piles Along Innumerable Canals And Water-courses Which Formed The Thoroughfares; In Recent Years, However, Well-planned Roads And Streets Have Been Con Structed, ...

Bangor
Bangor, Borough Of Co. Down, Northern Ireland, On The South Side Of Belfast Lough, I 2m. E.n.e. Of Belfast, On A Branch Of The Belfast And County Down Railway. Pop. (1926) 13,31 R. It Carries On A Considerable Trade In Cotton And Linen And Em Broidered Muslin. It Is Greatly ...

Bangorian Controversy
Bangorian Controversy, A Theological Dispute Which Originated In 1716 With The Posthumous Publication Of George Hickes's (bishop Of Thetford) Constitution Of The Christian Church, And The Nature And Consequences Of Schism, In Which He Excommunicated All But The Non-juring Churchmen. Benjamin Hoadly (q.v.), The Newly-appointed Bishop Of Bangor, Scented The ...

Bangor_2
Bangor (formerly Bangor Fawr, As Distinguished From Several Other Towns Of This Name In Wales, Ireland And Brittany), Cathedral City And Municipal Borough Of Carnarvonshire, North Wales, Population (1931) 10,959. It Is Situated At The Northern Entrance To The Menai Strait, At The Junction Of The Coast Road With Ways ...

Bangor_3
Bangor, A City Of Maine, U.s.a., On The West Bank Of The Penobscot River, At The Mouth Of The Kenduskeag And The Head Of Navigation, 6om. From The Ocean And 75m. North-east Of The State Capital, Augusta; A Port Of Entry Both For Ships And Aircraft And The County Seat ...

Bangor_4
Bangor, A Borough Of Northampton County, Pa., U.s.a., 14m. N. Of Easton; On The Lackawanna And The Lehigh And New England Railways. The Population In 1930 Was 5,824. There Are Numerous Slate Quarries In The Vicinity, And The Borough Manu Factures Structural Slate, Silk, Gloves, Hosiery And Furniture. ...

Bangued
Bangued, A Municipality (with Administration Centre And 18 Barrios Or Districts) And Capital Of The Mountainous Province Of Abra, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Located In The Interior Some What Over A Mile From The Abra River And Not Far From The Sea. Pop. (1918), 13,892, Of Whom 6,621 Were Males And ...

Bangweulu
Bangweulu, A Shallow Lake Of British Central Africa, Formed By The Head Streams Of The Congo. It Lies Between Io° 38' And I I ° 31' S. And Is Cut By 3o° E. Bangweulu Occupies The North-west Part Of A Central Basin In An Extensive Plateau, And Is About 3,700 ...

Banier Baner Banner
Baner (banner, Banier), Johan (1596-1641), Swedish General In The Thirty Years' War, Was Born At Djursholm Castle On June 23, 1596. As One Of The Chief Subordinates Of Gustavus Adolphus, Baner Served In The Campaign Of North Germany (163o), And At The First Battle Of Breitenfeld He Led The Right ...

Banjaluka
Banjaluka (banialuka), The Capital Of A District Of The Same Name In Bosnia, Yugoslavia. Pop. (1931) 22,177. It Lies On The River Vrbas At The Head Of A Defile, At The Military Railway Terminus For Prejedor. A Postal Motor Connects The Town With Jajce, But It Is Not Yet (1928) ...

Banjermasin Or Bandjarmasin
Banjermasin Or Bandjarmasin, The Chief Town On The Southern Side Of The Island Of Borneo, On The River Mata Pura, Near Its Junction With The Barito, Situated Some 24 M. From The Mouth In The Bay, In S. Lat. 3 ° 3 2', And E. Longitude 1 14°38'. The Meaning ...

Banjo
Banjo, A Musical Instrument With Strings Plucked By Fingers Or Plectrum, Popular Among The American Negroes And Introduced By Them Into Europe. The Word Is Either A Corruption Of "bandore" Or "pandura" (q.v.), An Instrument Of The Guitar Type, Or Is Derived From "bania," The Name Of A Similar Primitive ...

Bank Acceptances
Bank Acceptances, Bills Of Exchange Or Drafts Drawn By Individuals, Firms, Corporations, Or Other Bankers For Varying Periods After Date Or After Sight, And Accepted By Banks Or Bankers. The U.s. Federal Reserve Board Officially Defines The Bank Accept Ance As "a Draft Or Bill Of Exchange, Whether Payable In ...

Bank Account
Bank Account, An Account Representing Funds In The Shape Of Cash, Cheques, Notes, Drafts And Coupons Placed In A Bank By An Individual Or An Organization As A General Deposit. Such Deposits Become The Property Of The Bank. Thus The Bank Becomes A Debtor To The Depositor And The Latter ...

Bank Assets
Bank Assets Need For Cash Reserve.—a Bank Is The Debtor Of Its Deposi Tors. Against Its Debts It Must Hold Equivalent Assets. Against De Posits Received For Temporary Investment, On Which The Bank Pays Interest, It Must Hold Interest-bearing Investments. Against De Posits Held By Its Customers For Use As ...

Bank Balance
Bank Balance, A Banking Term Which Carries Two Signifi Cations : (a) The Actual Amount Of A Depositor's Account At A Bank At Any Specified Time; (b) The Difference Between The Debits And Credits Of A Bank At The Clearing House. If Credits Exceed Debits, There Is A Credit Bank ...

Bank Charter Act
Bank Charter Act. This Act (passed On July 19 1844, As 7 & 8 Vict. Cap. 32) Is The Basis Of The Present Organization Of The Bank Of England, Embodying The Practical Maxims Of The So-called "currency School." To Effect This, The Act Lays Down Three Main Principles. (a) Limitation ...

Bank For International Settlements
Bank For International Settlements, Popularly Known As The World Bank, An Institution Originally In Stituted For The Handling Of All Reparation Transactions Arising From The Operation Of The Young Plan (see Reparations). It Opened Its Doors For Business May 20, 193o. Its Statutes Provided For A Capital Of Five Hundred ...

Bank Holidays
Bank Holidays, In The United Kingdom, Those Days Which By The Bank Holidays Act 1871 Are Kept As Close Holidays In All Banks In England, Wales, Ireland And Scotland Respectively. Before The Year 1834, The Bank Of England Was Closed On Certain Saints' Days And Anniversaries, About 33 Days In ...

Bank Notes And Cheques
Bank-notes And Cheques In Order That Bank Credit May Be Used As A Means Of Payment, It Is Quite Clearly Essential That Some Convenient Procedure Should Be Instituted For Assigning A Banker's Debt From One Creditor To Another. In The Infancy Of Deposit Banking In Mediaeval Venice, When A Depositor ...

Bank Of England
Bank Of England. The Movement Towards The Estab Lishment Of The Bank Of England Dated From Before The French Wars Of William Iii., And Sprang From The City Merchants' Dislike Of The London Goldsmiths For Their Rapacity And Speculative Pro Pensities. Commercial Development Too Had Reached The Point Where The ...

Bank
Bank, Known Also As "polish Bank" And "russian Bank," A Card-game. An Ordinary Pack Is Used. Five Or Six Players Is A Convenient Number. Each Contributes An Arranged Stake To The Pool. The Dealer Gives Three Cards To Each Player And Turns Up Another; If This Is Not Lower Than ...

Banka Bangka
Banka (bangka), Island Of The Dutch East Indies, Off E. Coast Of Sumatra, Across Banka Strait, At Narrowest Point 9m. Wide. On The East, Gaspar Strait, Wider, And Island-studded, Sepa Rates Banka From Billiton. Banka With Its Dependencies Forms A Residency Of Sumatra. It Is 138m. In Length, 62 Wide, ...

Banker And Customer
Banker And Customer. In Great Britain, With Tile Exception Of Some Few Statutory Provisions Affording Quali Fied Protection To Bankers Paying Or Collecting On Behalf Of Their Customers Certain Classes Of Cheques, Orders And Drafts (where, But For Such Protection, Forged Or Unauthorized Indorse Ments Might Involve The Banker In ...

Banker Marks Or Masons
Banker Marks Or Masons' Marks, The Marks Cut Upon The Various Dressed Stones Of A Masonry Building To Identify The Stone-cutter Who Prepared The Stone, So Called From The "banker," Or Stone Bench, At Which The Stone-cutter Works. Banker Marks Are Well-nigh Universal In Mediaeval Buildings In Europe And Have ...

Banker
Banker, A Dealer In Credit ; One Who Operates A Bank Or Banking House Through The Use Of The Credit And Funds Of Both Himself And Others. The Term Is Often Used In A Very Broad And Loose Sense To Apply To Capitalists, Financiers, Investment Bankers, Commercial Paper Bankers, Stock ...

Bankers Clearing House
Bankers' Clearing-house. The Working Of The Cheque System Is Greatly Facilitated By The Establishment Of A Clearing-house Which Enables Bankers Readily To Adjust Their Ac Counts With Each Other. As Long Ago As 1775 The London Bankers Doing Business Within The City Of London Arranged A Common Meeting Place In ...

Bankers Trust Company
Bankers Trust Company (new York), An Ameri Can Banking Institution, Incorporated In The State Of New York, March 24, 1903, With Capital And Surplus Of $1,500,000. In 1911 The Mercantile Trust Company, Founded In 1868, Was Absorbed By Merger And In The Following Year The Manhattan Trust Corn Pany, Founded ...

Bankhead Highway
Bankhead Highway, A Thoroughfare Connecting Washington, D.c., With San Diego, Calif., Is 3,45om. Long. It Takes Its Name From Senator Bankhead Of Alabama Who Was Long Identified With The Good Roads Movement, Having At One Time Served As Chairman Of The U.s. Senate Committee On Post Offices And Post Roads. ...

Banking And Credit
Banking And Credit. The Term "credit" Is Best Understood Through Its Relation To The Term Debt. Debtor And Creditor Are Correlatives. Debt Expresses The Relation Of The Debtor To The Creditor; Credit, In Its Simplest Use, Expresses The Rela Tion Of The Creditor To The Debtor. It Is Therefore Another ...

Banking In Antiquity
Banking In Antiquity Pastoral Nations Such As The Hebrews, While They Maintained Money-lenders, Had No System Of Banks That Would Be Considered Adequate From The Modern Point Of View. But As Early As 2000 B.c., The Babylonians Had Developed Such A System. It Was Not The Result Of Private Initiative, ...

Banking Organization
Banking Organization Branch Banking.—the Establishment Of Branches Enables One Bank To Do Business Over A Wide Area. It Thereby Becomes Possible For The Whole Of The Banking Business Of A Great Country To Be Concentrated In The Hands Of A Small Number Of Banks. Branches Give Better Facilities For Payments ...

Bankruptcy In England
Bankruptcy In England The Earliest English Statute On The Subject, 34 And 35 Henry Viii. C. 4 (a.d. 1s42), Was Directed Against Fraudulent Debtors, And Gave Power To The Lord Chancellor And Other High Officers To Seize Their Estates And Divide Them Among The Creditors, But Afforded No Relief To ...

Bankruptcy In Scots Law
Bankruptcy In Scots Law In Scots Law The Term "bankruptcy" Is Not Capable Of Any Exact Definition. Indeed, It Has No Technical Legal Meaning And May Refer To Any One Of The Three Stages In The Process Of Divesting A Debtor Of His Property For The Benefit Of His Creditors—insolvency, ...

Bankruptcy In The United
Bankruptcy In The United States History.—in The United States Control Over The Administra Tion Of Insolvent Estates Is Divided Between The Federal And State Governments. The Constitution (art. 1, S. 8) Gives To Congress Power To Establish "uniform Laws On The Subject Of Bankruptcies Throughout The United States." But The ...

Bankruptcy
Bankruptcy Is The Status Of A Debtor Who Has Been De Clared By Judicial Process To Be Unable To Pay His Debts. Bank Ruptcy And Insolvency, Although Sometimes Used Indiscriminately, Have In Legal Usage Distinct Significations. When A Person's Finan Cial Liabilities Are Greater Than His Means Of Meeting Them ...

Banks Of Issue
Banks Of Issue. It Is Now The Exception To Find In A Given Country More Than One Bank Of Issue, This Being The Cen Tral Bank, To Which Control Over The Paper Currency Is A Necessary Part Of Its Supervision Of Credit Conditions. In France, Belgium, Holland, Scandinavia, Italy, The ...

Banks
Banks. The Investment Market.—marketable Securities Include Those Dealt In On The Investment Market Or Stock Exchange, That Is To Say Stocks And Shares, Debentures And Bonds, Etc. Securities Of These Kinds Are Not All Marketable. The Less Well Known Cannot Be Sold In The Open Market At All, Or, If ...

Banksia
Banksia, An Australian Genus Of Shrubs And Trees (family Proteaceae), With Leathery Leaves, Often Deeply Cut, And Hand Some Spikes Of Flowers. It Is Named After Sir Joseph Banks (q.v.). The Plants Are Grown In England For Their Handsome Foliage As Evergreen Greenhouse Shrubs. ...

Bankura
Bankura, A Town And District Of British India, Within The Burdwan Division Of Bengal. Pop. (1931) 31,703. The District Has An Area Of 2,625sq.m., And In 1931 Its Population Was 1,i11,72i. Bankura Forms A Connecting Link Between The Delta Of The Ganges On The East And The Plateau Of Chota ...

Bank_2
Bank. This Article Deals With The Relation Of The Public To The Banks. The Other Branches Of The Subject Will Be Found Under Banking And Credit; Banks, History Of, Etc. The Public's Relations With The Banks Take Three Main Forms. Firstly, When The Public Is Lender, And The Bank The ...

Bank_3
Bank.) It Will Be Seen, Therefore, That The Answer To The Air Menace To Sea-borne Commerce Is, Under Certain Conditions, The Sea-borne Aeroplane And The Escort Vessel With Anti-aircraft Guns, And To The Submarine Menace The Convoy System, The Armed Escort And The Array Of Surface Submarine-hunters. It Has Also ...

Bann
Bann, The Largest River In Northern Ireland. Rising In The Mourne Mountains In The South Of Co. Down It Runs North-west To Lough Neagh (q.v.), Which It Drains North-north-west To An Estuary At Coleraine, Forming Lough Beg Immediately Below The Larger Lough. The Length Of Its Valley Is About 90 ...

Banneret
Banneret, A Noble With The Right To Lead His Vassals Under His Own Banner. Ultimately Bannerets Obtained A Place Between Barons And Knights Bachelor, Which Has Given Rise To The Idea That They Are The Origin Of King James I.'s Order Of Baronets. Selden, Indeed, Points Out That "the Old ...

Bannockburn
Bannockburn, A Town Of Stirlingshire, Scotland. Popu Lation It Is Situated On The "burn" From Which Its Name Is Derived, The Bannock (gaelic, Ban Oc, "white, Shining Stream"), An Affluent Of The Forth. The Town Lies 24m. S.s.e. Of Stirling By The L.m.s. Railway, And Now Has Woollen Manufactures (chiefly ...

Banns Of Marriage
Banns Of Marriage, The Public Legal Notice Of An Im Pending Marriage. The Church In Earliest Days Was Forewarned Of Marriages (tertullian, Ad Uxorem, De Pudicitia, C.4). The First Canonical Enactment On The Subject In The English Church Is That Contained In The I 1 Th Canon Of The Synod ...

Bannu
Bannu, A Town And District Of British India, In The Derajat Division Of The North-west Frontier Province. The Town (also Called Edwardesabad And Dhulipnagar) Lies In The North-west Corner Of The District, In The Valley Of The Kurram River. Pop. ; The District Of Bannu, Which Consists Only Of The ...

Banque De France
Banque De France. The Banque De France Owes Its Origin To Napoleon. It Was Founded On Feb. 13, 1800. It Was Based Upon Abortive Negotiations To The Same End Which Took Place Four Years Before, And Was Designed "to Counteract The Displace Ment And Dispersion Of The Funds Serving To ...

Bansda
Bansda, A Native State In The South Gujarat Division Of Bombay, India, Belonging To The Surat Agency. Area, 2 R 5sq.m. Pop. (1931) 48,839. Its Chief Is A Rajput. About Half The Total Area Of The State Is Cultivable, But The Bulk Is Forested. ...

Banshee
Banshee, A Supernatural Being In Irish And General Celtic Folklore, Whose Mournful Screaming At Night Is Held To Foretell The Death Of Some Member Of The Household Visited (ir. Bean Sidhe; Gael. Ban Situ, "woman Of The Fairies") . The Irish Banshee Is Held To Be The Distinction Only Of ...

Banswara
Banswara, A State In Rajputana, India. It Borders On Gujarat And Has An Area Of 1,6o6 Sq.m. The Population In 1931 Was 2 2 5,106. The Mahi Is The Only River In The State And Great Scarcity Of Water Occurs In The Dry Season. The Banswara Chief Is A Sisodhyia ...

Bantam
Bantam, The Westernmost Residency Of Java, Dutch East Indies, Bounded East By The Residencies Of Batavia, Buitenzorg, And West Preanger, West By The Strait Of Sunda, North By The Java Sea And South By The Indian Ocean. The Area Is 79,13o Sq.km. It In Cludes Princes Island, And Several Smaller ...

Bantin Or Banting
Bantin Or Banting, The Wild Ox Of Java, Bibos Son Daicus. The White Patch On The Rump Distinguishes The Bantin From Its Ally The Gaur (q.v.). Adult Bulls Of The Bantin Are Com Pletely Black Except For The White Rump And Legs, But The Cows And Young Are Rufous. In ...

Bantry
Bantry, Town, Co. Cork, Ireland, 58m. S.w. Of Cork By The Great Southern Railway. Pop. (1926), 2,681. It Is A Centre For Sea Fisheries. It Is The Terminus Of The Railway, And Was A Coaching Station On The Famous "prince Of Wales" Route (named After King Edward Vii.) From Cork ...

Bantu Languages
Bantu Languages. The Greater Part Of Africa South Of The Equator Possesses But One Linguistic Family So Far As Its Native Inhabitants Are Concerned. This Clearly-marked Division Of Human Speech Has Been Entitled The Bantu, A Name Invented By Dr. W. H. I. Bleek, And It Is, On The Whole, ...

Banyan
Banyan, A Well-known Tree Of Which The Scientific Name Is Ficus Benghalensis. It Belongs To The Mulberry Family (moraceae) And Is Notable For The Aerial Roots Which Grow From The Branches And On Reaching The Soil Thicken And Form Supporting Pillars. By This Means The Tree May Cover A Very ...

Ban_2
Ban, A Title Formerly Used In South-eastern Europe, Especially Southern Hungary, To Denote The Governors Of Military Districts Known As Banats. It Is A Persian Word Meaning "lord" Or "master" And Was First Introduced Into Europe By The Avars. The Last Func Tionary To Bear This Title Was The Governor ...

Baobab
Baobab, Adansonia Digitata (family Bombacaceae), A Native Of Tropical Africa, One Of The Largest Trees Known, Its Stem Reach Ing 3oft. In Diameter, Though The Height Is Not Great. It Has A Large Woody Fruit, Containing A Mucilaginous Pulp, With A Pleasant Cool Taste, In Which The Seeds Are Buried. ...

Baoule
Baoule, A Short, Dark-skinned, Animistic People, On The French Ivory Coast Between The Comoe And Bandama Rivers, Who Migrated Thither From The Gold Coast Somewhere About The 16th Century, Being Joined Later (c. 173o) By Noble Families Of Ashanti Origin ; The Warebo Family Ruled Them For A Time But ...

Baphomet
Baphomet, The Imaginary Symbol Or Idol Which The Knights Templars Were Accused Of Worshipping In Their Secret Rites, In Which They Were Supposed To Have Revived The Impurities Of The Gnostic Ophites. (see Ophites ; Templars.) ...

Baptism During And After
Baptism During And After The Reformation At Its Fifth Session (june 1546) The Council Of Trent Drew Up A Decree On Original Sin Which Defined The Doctrine Of The Roman Church On The Grace Of Baptism. The Decree Steers A Mid Dle Course Between The Thomist (or Augustinian) And The ...

Baptism
Baptism. Concerning The Origin Of Christian Baptism We Cannot Make Statements Which Are Certain. Jesus Indeed Let Himself Be Baptised By John The Baptist; But That He Himself Baptised Is Nowhere Reported, And It Is Expressly Contested By S. John's Gospel, Iv. 2. In The Same Passage, However (and In ...

Baptistery
Baptistery, The Hall Or Chapel Connected With A Church, In Which The Sacrament Of Baptism Is Administered. The Earliest Baptistery Extant Is Probably That Of The Lateran Palace In Rome, Which Dates Largely From The Time Of Constantine. Octagonal In Shape, This Baptistery Consists Of A Central Area In Which ...

Baptists
Baptists, A Body Of Christians, Distinguished, As Their Name Imports, From Other Denominations By The View They Hold Respect Ing The Ordinance Of Baptism (q.v.). This Distinctive View, Com Mon And Peculiar To All Baptists, Is That Baptism Should Be Admin Istered To Believers Only. The Mode Of Administration Of ...

Bar Cochab Or Bar Kokba
Barcocheba, Bar-cochab Or Bar Kokba ("son Of A Star"), The Name Given In Christian Sources To The Leader In The Jewish Revolt Against Rome In The Time Of Hadrian (a.d. 13 2-13 5) . The Name Does Not Appear In The Roman His Tories. In Rabbinic Sources He Is Called ...

Bar Harbor
Bar Harbor, Unincorporated Village And Township Of Same Name In Hancock County, Maine, On Mount Desert Island (q.v.), About 115m. N.e. Of Portland. The Village Is A Port Of Entry. Steamers Connect With Various Ports, And The Maine Central Railroad Operates A Ferry From The Mainland. The Popula Tion Of ...

Bar Hebraeus Or Abul Faraj
Bar-hebraeus Or Abu'l-faraj (1226-86), A Maphrian Or Catholicus Of The Jacobite (monophysite) Church, He Wrote In Syriac And Arabic Numerous And Elaborate Treatises On Theol Ogy, Philosophy, Science And History. The Son Of A Physician Of Jewish Descent, Bar-hebraeus Was Born At Malatiah On The Upper Euphrates. In 1246 He ...

Bar Sinister
Bar Sinister, A Phrase Used For A Charge In Heraldry De Noting Bastardy; Ignorantly Used, For Heraldry Knows Nothing Of A Bar Sinister. It Is One Of The Words Of Sir Walter Scott, Who Had Many Imitators. More Cautious Writers Speak Of A Bend Sinister, A Charge As Strange To ...

Bar Sur Aube
Bar-sur-aube, A Town Of France, Capital Of An Ar Rondissement, Department Of Aube, 34m. E. By S. Of Troyes On The Railway Between That Town And Belfort. Pop. (1931), 4,123. Bar-sur-aube Lies At The Foot Of Hills On The Right Bank Of The Aube At Its Confluence With The Bresse. ...

Bar Sur Seine
Bar-sur-seine, A Town Of France, Department Of Aube, On The Left Bank Of The Seine, 2om. S.e. Of Troyes By The Eastern Railway. Pop. (1931) 2,409. The Town Lies Under A Hill Crowned By Ruins Of The Castle Of The Counts Of Bar, And Consists Chiefly Of One Long Street. ...