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Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 3 Baltimore - Braila

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Giovanni Battista Belzoni
Belzoni, Giovanni Battista Ital Ian Explorer Of Egyptian Antiquities, Was Born At Padua. He And His Wife In 1803 Moved To London, Where They Lived In Extreme Poverty Until They Found A Livelihood By Exhibiting Feats Of Strength At Astley's Circus, To Which He Was Introduced By Henry Salt. Belzoni ...

Giovanni Bentivoglio
Bentivoglio, Giovanni (1443-1508), Tyrant Of Bologna, Was Born After The Murder Of His Father, The Chief Magistrate Of The Commune. In 1462 Giovanni Made Himself Master Of The City, Although It Was Nominally A Fief Of The Church Under A Papal Legate. He Ruled With A Stern Sway For Nearly ...

Giovanni Boccaccio
Boccaccio, Giovanni Italian Author, Humanist And Poet, Whose Decameron Is One Of The Earliest Works In Italian Prose And One Of The Most Famous Books In All Literature, Was Born Out Of Wedlock In Paris In 1313' Of A French Mother, Whose Name Was Probably Jeanne (so That He Is ...

Giovanni Bottesini
Bottesini, Giovanni (1823-1889), Italian Contra Bassist And Musical Composer, Was Born At Crema, Lombardy, Dec. 24, 1823. He Studied At The Milan Conservatoire, Devoting Himself Especially To The Double-bass. On Leaving Milan He Spent Some Time In America. His First Opera, Cristo F Oro Colombo, Was Produced In 1847 At ...

Giovanni Da Bologna
Bologna, Giovanni Da (1524-1608) (ital. For His Real Name, Jean Bologne Or Boullongne), Flemish Sculptor, Was Born At Douai In 1524. He Settled, In In Florence, Where His Best Works Still Remain. The Most Celebrated Are The Single Bronze Figure Of Mercury, Poised On One Foot, Resting On The Head ...

Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini
Bernini, Giovanni Lorenzo Italian Architect And Sculptor, Was Born At Naples On Dec. 7, 1598, And Died There On Nov. 28, 1680. He Studied Under His Father And Found A Patron In Maffeo Barberini, Afterwards Pope Urban Viii., Whose Palace He Designed. He Was Put In Charge Of The Building ...

Giuseppe Bonomi
Bonomi, Giuseppe (1739-1808), English Architect, Was Born At Rome On Jan. 19, 1739, And Died In London On March 9, 1808. He Already Had A Considerable Reputation In Italy When He Came In 1767 To England And Began To Practise. Bonomi Was Largely Responsible For The Revival Of Classical Architecture ...

Giuseppe Bossi
Bossi, Giuseppe Italian Painter And Writer On Art, Was Born S,t Busto Arsizio, Near Milan, And Died At Milan On Dec. 15, 1816. The Greater Part Of His Life Was Given To The Study Of Leonardo Da Vinci. At The Desire Of Prince Eugene He Made The Copy Of "the ...

Giuseppe Galli Bibiena
Giuseppe Galli Bibiena (1696-1756), Second Son Of Fer Dinando, Was The Most Distinguished Artist Of The Family. He Was Born At Parma On Jan. 5, 1696. As A Youth He Accompanied His Father To Barcelona And Afterwards To Vienna. Staying On, When His Father Left, He There Became The Chief ...

Giuseppe Gioachino Belli
Belli, Giuseppe Gioachino (1791-1863), Italian Poet, Was Born At Rome, On Sept. Io, 1791. He Wrote Some 2,000 Satirical Sonnets Which Give A Vivid Picture Of The Rome Of The Last Days Of The Temporal Power. He Died On Dec. 21, 1863. ...

Giuseppe Marc Antonio Baretti
Baretti, Giuseppe Marc' Antonio Italian Critic, A Member Of The Johnson-thrales Circle, Was Born In Turin, And Settled In London In 1751. With The Exception Of Some Years Spent Abroad Between 1770 And 1776 The Rest Of His Life Was Spent In London. He Became Acquainted With Johnson, Garrick And ...

Goetz Or Gottfried Berlichingen
Berlichingen, Goetz Or Gottfried, Von (148o-1562), Called "goetz Of The Iron Hand," German Knight, Was Born At The Castle Of Jagsthausen Now In Wurttemberg. In He Entered The Service Of Frederick Iv., Margrave Of Bran Denburg-ansbach, And In 1498 Fought For The Emperor Maximilian I., In Burgundy, Lorraine And Brabant, ...

Gonzalo De Berceo
Berceo, Gonzalo De (c. 118o—c. 1246), The Earliest Castilian Poet Whose Name Is Known To Us, Was Born At Verceo, A Village In The Province Of Logrono. In 1221 He Became A Deacon And Was Attached, As A Secular Priest, To The Benedictine Mon Astery Of San Millan De La ...

Gospel Of Barnabas
Barnabas, Gospel Of. We Read In Antiquity (e.g., In The Decretum Gelasii) Of An Apocryphal Gospel Of Barnabas. (see Apocryphal Literature.) Traces Of It May Survive In A Later Book With This Title, Probably Embodying Materials Partly Gnostic In Character And Origin (trans. By L. Ragg, Oxford, 1907) . It ...

Gottfried I Bernhardy
Bernhardy, Gottfried (i 7 5) , German Philologist And Literary Historian, Was Born Of Jewish Parents At Landsberg In Brandenburg. In 1825 He Became Extraordinary Pro Fessor At Berlin, And In 1829 Went To Halle, Where He Became Chief Librarian Of The University In 1844. The Most Important Of Bernhardy's ...

Guage Europe
Guage Europe : Races And Peo Ples.) The Combined Area Of The Two Northern Provinces Is Little More Than That Of Alava, But Their Population Is Seven Times As Great. This Concentration On The More Fertile Coastlands Has Been A Feature Of Settlement In Spain From The Earliest Times. Inland, ...

Guido Bentivoglio
Bentivoglio, Guido (1579-1644), Italian Cardinal, Statesman And Historian, Was Born At Ferrara In 1579. He Was Private Chamberlain To Clement Viii. ; And Paul V. Created Him Archbishop Of Rhodes (1607), And Nuncio First To Flanders And Then To France. He Was Created Cardinal In 1621. A Close Friend Of ...

Guillaume Gouffier Bonnivet
Bonnivet, Guillaume Gouffier, Seigneur De (c. French Soldier, Was Brought Up With Francis I. Of France, And After The Young King's Accession He Became One Of The Most Powerful Of The Royal Favourites. In 1518, As The Head Of The French Embassy In England, He Acted As Proxy For The ...

Gulf Of Bothnia
Bothnia, Gulf Of, The Northern Part Of The Baltic Sea (q.v.). The Name Is Preserved From The Former Territory Of Bothnia, Of Which The Western Part Is Now Included In Sweden, The Eastern In Finland. ...

Gustaf Bonde
Bonde, Gustaf, Count (162o-1667), Swedish States Man, Advocated A Pacific Policy At A Time When War On The Slightest Provocation Was The Watchword Of Every Swedish Politician. In 1659 He Succeeded Herman Fleming As Lord High Treasurer, And Was One Of The Council Of Regency Appointed To Govern Sweden During ...

Gustav Bauer
Bauer, Gustav ), German Politician, Was Born At Darkehmen, East Prussia, Jan. 6 18 7o. He Became Con Nected At An Early Age With The German Trade Union Movement, And In 1908 Was Elected President Of The General Committee Of The Trade Unions Of Germany. In 1912 He Entered The ...

Gustavo Adolfo Becquer
Becquer, Gustavo Adolfo Spanish Poet And Romance-writer, Was Born At Seville, And Died In Great Poverty At Madrid, Where He Had Earned A Precarious Living By Translating Foreign Novels. His Works Were Published Posthumous Ly In 1873 (7th Ed. 191 I). In Such Prose Tales As El Rayo De Luna ...

Gutzon Borglum
Borglum, Gutzon (1871— ), American Sculptor, Was Born In Idaho On March 25, 1871. He Was Educated At St. Mary's College (kan.), Studied Art At The School Of The San Fran Cisco Art Association, And During 189o-93 Attended The Academie Julien And The Ecole Des Beaux-arts In Paris. He Then ...

Hans Von Bartels
Bartels, Hans Von (1856-1913), German Painter, Was Born In Hamburg, The Son Of Dr. N. F. F. Von Bartels, A Russian Government Official. He Studied Under The Marine Painter R. Hardorff In Hamburg, Under C. Schweitzer In Dusseldorf And C. Oesterley In Hamburg, And At The Berlin School Of Art. ...

Hans Von Beseler
Beseler, Hans Von (1850-1921), Prussian General And Governor Of Poland During The German Occupation, Was Born On April 27, 185o, At Greifswald, And Entered The Army. He Was On The Retired List At The Outbreak Of The World War, But Was Recalled. He Conducted The Siege Of Antwerp, Which He ...

Harman Blennerhassett
Blennerhassett, Harman Irish American Lawyer, Was Born On Oct. 8 1765. He Was Educated At Trinity College, Dublin, And In 1790 Was Called To The Irish Bar. In 1796 He Married His Niece, Margaret Agnew. Ostracised By Their Families The Couple Came To America, Where Blennerhassett In '798 Bought An ...

Harold Bauer
Bauer, Harold ), Anglo-american Pianist, Born At New Malden, Near London, April 28, 1873. He Began With The Violin Which He Studied With His Father And Under Adolph Pollitzer, Making His Debut At The Age Of Ten And Playing In Con Certs Thereafter For Nine Years. He Was Then Introduced ...

Harry Bates
Bates, Harry (1850-1899), British Sculptor, Was Born At Stevenage, Herts, On April 26 185o. He Began His Career As A Carver's Assistant. In 1879 He Came To London, Studied First At The Lambeth School Of Art And Then At The Royal Academy Schools, Where In 1883 He Won The Gold ...

Hayyim Nachman Bialik Or
Bialik Or Byalik, Hayyim Nachman (1873— '934), The Greatest Hebrew Poet Of Modern Times, Was Born In 1873, At Radi, In The Province Of Volhynia, Southern Russia. His Father Was An Innkeeper, But A Scholar. When The Boy Was 6, The Family Removed To Zhitomir, And A Year Later The ...

Hector Berlioz
Berlioz, Hector (1803-1869), French Musical Corn Poser, Was Born At Cote-saint-andre, Near Grenoble, On Dec. 11, 1803. His Father, A Doctor In Good Practice, Wished His Son To Fol Low The Same Profession, And Hector Studied Medicine For A Time, Though He Disliked It Intensely. He Had No Early Formal ...

Hector Boece Or Boyce
Boece Or Boyce, Hector (c. 1465-c. 1536), Scottish Historian And Humanist, Was Born At Dundee About 1465. He Received His Early Education At Dundee And Studied In The Univer Sity Of Paris, Where He Was Appointed Regent, Or Professor, Of Philosophy In The College Of Montaigu ; And There He ...

Heinrich Barth
Barth, Heinrich (18 2 I—i 865), German Explorer, Was Born At Hamburg On Feb. 16 1821, And Educated At Berlin Univer Sity, Where He Graduated In 1844. He Had Already Visited Italy And Sicily And Had Formed A Plan To Journey Through The Mediter Ranean Countries. After Studying Arabic In ...

Heinrich Becker
Becker, Heinrich (177o-1822), German Actor, Whose Real Name Was Blumenthal, Was Born At Berlin. He Obtained, While Quite A Young Man, An Appointment In The Court Theatre At Weimar, At That Time Under Goethe's Auspices. The Poet Appointed Him Stage-manager, Entrusted Him With Leading Parts, And Consulted Him On The ...

Heinrich Berghaus
Berghaus, Heinrich (i 7 9 German Geogra Pher, Was Born At Kleve On May 3, 1797, And Joined The Staff Of The Prussian Trigonometrical Survey In 1816. He Carried On A Geo Graphical School At Potsdam In Company With Heinrich Lange, August Petermann, And Others, And Long Held The Professorship ...

Heinrich Christian Boie
Boie, Heinrich Christian (1744-1806), German Author, Was Born At Meldorf In The Then Danish Province Of Schleswig-holstein On July 19, 1744, And Died There On March 3, 18o6. After Studying Law At Jena He Went, In 1769, To Gottingen, Where He Became One Of The Leading Spirits In The Gottingen ...

Heinrich Ernst Von Beyrich
Beyrich, Heinrich Ernst Von German Geologist, Was Born At Berlin On Aug. 31, 1815, And Educated At Berlin And Bonn. In 1865 He Became Professor Of Geology And Palaeontology In The Berlin University; And When The Prussian Geological Survey Was Instituted In 1873 He Was Appointed Co-director With Wilhelm Hauchecorne ...

Heinrich Johann Franz Von
Biber, Heinrich Johann Franz Von 1704), German Violinist And Composer, Was For Some Time Musical Conductor At Salzburg, And Was Ennobled By The Emperor Leo Pold In 1681. He Is Regarded As The Earliest Important German Composer For The Violin. ...

Heinrich Joseph Johannes Bellegarde
Bellegarde, Heinrich Joseph Johannes, Count Von (1756-1845), Austrian Soldier And Statesman, Was Born At Dresden On Aug. 29, 1756, And For A Short Time Served In The Saxon Army. Transferring His Services To Austria In 1771 He Earned Distinction In The Turkish War Of 1788-89 And The Nether Lands Campaigns ...

Helen Blackburn
Blackburn, Helen (1842-19°3), British Suffragist, Was Born At Knightstown, Valencia Island, Ireland, On May 25, 1842, The Daughter Of Bewicke Blackburn (1811-1897), A Well Known Engineer, Who Settled In London In About 1859. Helen Blackburn Was Secretary Of The Central Committee Of The Na Tional Society For The Promotion Of ...

Helena Petrovna Blavatsky
Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna Was Born At Ekaterinoslay. She Was The Daughter Of Col. Peter Hahn De Rottenstein-hahn (of A Noble Family Of Mecklenburg, Settled In Russia), And, On Her Mother's Side, Was Granddaughter Of The Princess Helena Dolgorouki. She Married, In Her 7th Year, A Man Much Her Senior, Councillor ...

Hendrik Berlage
Berlage, Hendrik Dutch Architect, Received His Technical Training At Amsterdam And Zurich And Eventually Settled At The Hague. As His Career Progressed He Broke Away From The Renaissance And Gothic Styles Which He Had Originally Followed And Finally Succeeded In Expressing The Conception Of Beauty Prevailing In His Own Time. ...

Henri Auguste Barbier
Barbier, Henri Auguste French Dramatist And Poet, Was Born In Paris. Inspired By The Revolution Of July He Poured Forth A Series Of Eager, Vigorous Poems, De Nouncing, Crudely Enough, The Evils Of The Time. They Are Spoken Of Collectively As The Jambes (1831), Though The Designation Is Not Strictly ...

Henri Barbusse
Barbusse, Henri (18 5) , French Man Of Letters, Was Born In Paris, May 17, 1874. Educated At The College Rollin, He Became A Journalist. In 1910 He Was Editing The Periodical .le Sais Tout, But Found Time To Write Novels, Of Which Les Sup Pliants (1903) And, In Particular, ...

Henri Bataille
Bataille, Henri (18 7 2—i G 2 2 ), French Dramatist, Was Born April 4, 1872, At Nimes. In Early Youth He Thought Of Becom Ing A Painter And, In 189o, Entered The Ecole Des Beaux Arts. His First Venture Into Dramatic Work, La Belle Au Bois Dormant Given At ...

Henri Bergson
Bergson, Henri (1859– ), French Philosopher, Was Born Oct. 18 1859, In Paris, Of Anglo-jewish Parents. After A Brilliant Career At The Lycee Condorcet, He Hesitated For Some Time Between Literature And Science. He Became Naturalized As A Frenchman, And Entered The Ecole Normale Superieure, Where He Was The Contemporary ...

Henri Bornier
Bornier, Henri, Vicomte De (1825-1901), French Poet And Dramatist, Was Born In Lunel (herault) On Dec. 25. 1825, And Died In Paris On Jan. 28, 1901. He Served For Half A Century In The Arsenal Library, When He Rose To Be Director In 1889. His First Volume Of Lyrics, Premieres ...

Henri Bourassa
Bourassa, Henri (1868— ), French-canadian Politi Cian And Journalist, Was Born Sept. I, 1868. After A Private Edu Cation He Studied Law And Was Called To The Bar In 1899. He Estab Lished A Name As A Writer On Political Subjects, And Was For A Time Editor And Proprietor Of ...

Henri Georges Stephan Adolphe
Blowitz, Henri Georges Stephan Adolphe De (1825-1903), Anglo-french Journalist, Was Born, According To The Account Given In His Memoirs, At His Father's Château In Bohemia On Dec. 28 1825. Young Blowitz Became Acquainted In Paris With M. De Falloux, Minister Of Public Instruc Tion, Who Appointed Him Teacher Of Foreign ...

Henri Gratien Bertrand
Bertrand, Henri Gratien, Comte (17 French General, Friend And Confidant Of Napoleon I., Was Born At Chateauroux On March 28 1773, And Died There On Jan. 31 1844. At The Outbreak Of The Revolution He Entered The Army As A Volunteer. During The Expedition To Egypt, Napoleon Named Him Colonel ...

Henri Jean Augustin De
Braekeleer, Henri Jean Augustin De (184o-88), Belgian Painter, Was Born At Antwerp On June 12 184o, And Died There July 21 1888. He Was Trained By His Father, Ferdinand De Braekeleer (1792-1883), A Genre Painter, And His Uncle Baron Henri Leys. The First Pictures He Exhibited, "the Laundry" (van Cutsem ...

Henri Joseph Leon Baudrillart
Baudrillart, Henri Joseph Leon (1821 1892), French Political Economist, Was Born In Paris. His Father, Jacques Joseph (17 74-183 2 ), Was A Distinguished Writer On For Estry. Henri Was Professor Of Economic History At The University Of Paris From 1866 Onwards, And From 1881 Professor Of Political Economy At ...

Henri Marie Alfred Baudrillart
Baudrillart, Henri Marie Alfred (1859 ), French Ecclesiastic, Was Born In Paris Jan. 6, 1859, The Son Of Henri Baudrillart. He Was Ordained Priest In 1893, And Occupied The Chair Of History At The Catholic Institute Of Paris, Of Which He Became Rector In 1907. In 1908 He Became Vicar-general ...

Henri Marie Ducrotay De
Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay De (i777-185o), French Naturalist, Was Born At Arques, Near Dieppe. In 1812 He Was Aided By Cuvier To Obtain The Chair Of Anatomy And Zoology In The Faculty Of Sciences At Paris, But Subsequently An Estrangement Grew Up Between The Two Men And Ended In Open ...

Henry Barnard
Barnard, Henry I-1900), American Education Alist, Was Born In Hartford, Conn., Jan. 24, 1811. He Graduated At Yale In 183o, And In 1835 Was Admitted To The Connecticut Bar. In 1837-39 He Became A Member Of The Connecticut Legislature, Effecting In 1838 The Passage Of A Bill, Framed And Introduced ...

Henry Barrowe
Barrowe, Henry English Puritan And Separatist, Was Born About 155o, At Shipdam, Norfolk. He Gradu Ated From Clare Hall, Cambridge, In 1569-70. About 1580 Or 1581 He Retired To The Country, And Was Led By Study To The Strictest Form Of Puritanism. He Came Into Intimate Relations With John Greenwood, ...

Henry Beaufort
Beaufort, Henry (c. English Cardinal And Bishop Of Winchester, Was The Second Son Of John Of Gaunt, Duke Of Lancaster, By Catherine, Wife Of Sir Hugh Swynford. His Parents Were Not Married Until 1396, And In 1397 King Richard Ii. Declared The Four Children Of This Union To Be Legitimate. ...

Henry Beaufort_2
Henry Beaufort (1436-1464) Became Duke Of Somerset In And Soon Began To Take Part In The Struggle Against Richard, Duke Of York, But Failed To Dislodge Richard's Ally, Richard Neville, Earl Of Warwick, From Calais. He Took Part In The Vic Tory Of The Lancastrians At Wakefield In 146o, Escaped ...

Henry Bell
Bell, Henry (17 67-183o), The Scottish Engineer, Who Placed The First Steamboat On The Clyde, Was Born In Torphichen, Linlithgowshire, In 1767. He Was Apprenticed To His Uncle, A Mill Wright, And Then To A Shipmodeller At Bo'ness. He Then Went To London, Where He Found Employment Under John Rennie. ...

Henry Bernstein
Bernstein, Henry (1876— ), French Dramatist, Was Born In Paris On June 20, 1876. His Early Plays, Le Marche (1900) And Le Detour (1902) In Particular, Owe Something To The School Of The Theatre Libre; It Was Only In La Rafale (1906) That What May Be Called His First Distinctive ...

Henry Bone
Bone, Henry English Enamel Painter, Born At Truro. He Was Employed By London Jewellers For Small De Signs In Enamel, And In 1800 The Beauty Of His Pieces Attracted The Notice Of The Royal Academy, Of Which He Was Admitted An Associate; In 1811 He Was Made An Academician. Up ...

Henry Boulainvilliers
Boulainvilliers, Henry, Comte De (1658-1722), French Political Writer, Was Born At St. Saire, Normandy, On Oct. I I 1658, And Died In Paris On Jan. 23 17 22. He Served In The Army Until 1697. His Most Important Works, Which Only Appeared After His Death, Were : Histoire De L'ancien ...

Henry Bradley
Bradley, Henry (1845-1923), British Philologist, Was Born At Manchester Dec. 3 1845. He Was Educated At Chesterfield Grammar School, Became A Teacher, And Later A Clerk In A Com Mercial House In Sheffield. At The Same Time He Wrote A Little For The Literary Reviews, And This Work Brought Him ...

Henry Bradshaw
Bradshaw, Henry (c. 1450-1513), English Poet, Was Born At Chester. In His Boyhood He Was Received Into The Bene Dictine Monastery Of St. Werburgh, And After Studying With Other Novices Of His Order At Gloucester (afterwards Worcester) College, Oxford, He Returned To His Monastery At Chester. He Wrote A Latin ...

Henry Bradshaw_2
Bradshaw, Henry British Scholar And Librarian, Was Born In London On Feb. 2, 1831, And Died On Feb. 1o, 1886. He Was Educated At Eton, And Became A Fellow Of King's College, Cambridge. After A Short Scholastic Career In Ireland He Accepted An Appointment In The Cambridge University Library As ...

Henry Charles Beeching
Beeching, Henry Charles Dean Of Norwich And Poet, Was Born May 15 1859, And Educa,ed At The City Of London School And At Balliol College, Oxford. He Took Holy Orders In 1882, And After Three Years In A Liverpool Curacy He Was For Fifteen Years Rector Of Yattendon, Berkshire. From ...

Henry De Bracton
Bracton, Henry De (d. 1268), English Judge And Writer On English Law. His Real Name Was Bratton, And In All Probability He Derived It Either From Bratton Fleming Or From Bratton Clovelly, Both Of Them Villages In Devonshire. It Is Only After His Death That His Name Appears As "bracton." ...

Henry Francois Becque
Becque, Henry Francois French Dramatist, Was Born In Paris. He Wrote The Book Of An Opera Sardanapale, Adapted From Byron, For The Music Of M. Victorin Joncieres In 1867, But His First Important Work, Michel Pauper, Appeared In 187o. The Importance Of This Sombre Drama Was First Realized When It ...

Henry George Bohn
Bohn, Henry George (1796-1884), British Publisher, Son Of A German Bookbinder Settled In England, Was Born In Lon Don On Jan. 4, 1796. In 1831 He Started As A Dealer In Rare Books And "remainders." In 1841 He Issued His "guinea" Catalogue Of Books, A Monumental Work Containing 23,208 Items. ...

Henry Glassford Bell
Bell, Henry Glassford Scots Lawyer And Man Of Letters, Was Born At Glasgow, And Was Called To The Scottish Bar In 1832. He Became Sheriff Substitute (1839), And Then Sheriff-principal (1867) Of The County Of Lanark. He Was A Member Of The Brilliant Circle Of Blackwood's Magazine, And Figures In ...

Henry Luke Bolley
Bolley, Henry Luke (1865— ), American Bota Nist, Was Born In Dearborn County, Ind., On Feb. 1, 1865. He Graduated At Purdue University In 1888 And Was Assistant Botanist At The Indiana State Experiment Station From 1889-9o, When He Was Named Botanist And Zoologist In The North Dakota Agricul Tural ...

Henry St John Bolingbroke
Bolingbroke, Henry St. John English Statesman And Writer, Son Of Sir Henry St. John, Bart. (afterwards 1st Viscount St. John) And Of Mary Rich, Daughter Of The 2nd Earl Of Warwick, Was Educated At Eton, And Travelled Abroad In 1698 And 1699. In 170o He Married Frances Winch Combe. Notorious ...

Henry Walter Bates
Bates, Henry Walter (1825-1892), English Natural Ist And Explorer, Was Born In Leicester. In 1844 He Met A Congenial Spirit In Alfred Russel Wallace, And In April 1848 The Two Friends Sailed In A Trader For Para. They Had Little Or No Money, But Hoped To Meet Their Expenses By ...

Henry Ward Beecher
Beecher, Henry Ward (1813-1887), American Preacher, Was Born In Litchfield (conn.), On June 24, 1813, Eighth Child Of The Calvinistic Minister Lyman Beecher And His Wife Roxana. His Early Education Included Six Months At His Sister Catherine's Seminary In Hartford And A Dreamy Period At The Boston Latin School During ...

Henry
Henry, End Earl Bathurst (1714-1794), Was The Eldest Surviv Ing Son Of The 1st Earl. Educated At Balliol College, Oxford, He Was Called To The Bar, And Became A K.c. In 1745. From 1735 To 1754 He Sat In Parliament For Cirencester; In The Latter Year He Became A Judge ...

Henry_2
Henry, 3rd Earl Bathurst (1762-1834), The Elder Son Of The Second Earl, Was Born On May 22, 1762. He Was Member Of Parliament For Cirencester From 1783 Until He Succeeded To The Earldom In Aug. 1794. Owing Mainly To His Friendship With William Pitt, He Was A Lord Of The ...

Hercules Brabazon Brabazon
Brabazon, Hercules Brabazon English Water Colour Painter, Born In Paris, Nov. 27, 1821. He Was The Younger Son Of Hercules Sharpe, And Succeeded His Elder Brother In The Brabazon Estates, County Mayo, Ireland; Under The Will Of His Uncle, Sir William, He Adopted The Name Of Brabazon. He Was Educated ...

Herman Bemberg
Bemberg, Herman ), French Musical Com Poser, Was Born Of French Parents At Buenos Aires, And Studied At The Paris Conservatoire, Under Massenet, Whose Influence, With That Of Gounod, Is Strongly Marked In His Music. His Grand Opera Elaine Was Produced At Covent Garden In 1892 And In New York ...

Hermann Boerhaave
Boerhaave, Hermann Dutch Physi Cian And A Famous Professor Of Medicine, Was Born At Voorhout Near Leyden On Dec. 31, 1668, And Died At Leyden On Sept. 23, 1738. He Graduated In Philosophy At Leyden And In Medicine At Harderwyck. He Spent The Whole Of His Professional Life At Leyden, ...

Hermann Bonitz
Bonitz, Hermann 0814-1888), German Scholar, Was Born At Langensalza In Saxony. He Held Many Important Teaching Posts And Took Great Interest In Higher Education; He Reorganized The Schools And Universities Of Austria And Was Chiefly Responsible For The System Of Teaching And Examination In Use In The High Schools Of ...

Hermann Joachim Bang
Bang, Hermann Joachim Danish Author, Was Born Of A Noble Family In The Island Of Zealand. When He Was 20 He Published Two Volumes Of Critical Essays On The Realistic Movement. In 188o He Published His Novel Haablose Slaegter ("families Without Hope") . He Settled In Copenhagen, And Produced A ...

Hezekiah Linthicum Bateman
Bateman, Hezekiah Linthicum American Actor And Manager, Was Born In Baltimore, Md., On Dec. 6, 1812. He Was Intended For An Engineer, But In 1832 Became An Actor, Playing With Ellen Tree (afterwards Mrs. Charles Kean) In Juvenile Leads. In 1855 He Became Manager Of The St. Louis Thea Tre ...

History Of Banks
Banks, History Of. Perhaps The Earliest Definition Of A Bank Is Found In "lex Mercatoria" By Gerard Malynes, Pub Lished In London In 1622. He Says : "a Bank Is Properly A Collection Of All The Ready Money Of Some Kingdom, Commonwealth, Or Province, As Also Of A Par Ticular ...

Honore De Balzac
Balzac, Honore De (1799-185o), French Novelist, Was Born At Tours On The Loth Of May 1799. His Father, Bernard Francois, Never Called Himself De Balzac And Honore Only Assumed The Particle After 183o. But The Father Had Equally Little Right To The Name Of Balzac At All, For His Birth-certificate ...

Horace Binney
Binney, Horace American Lawyer, Was Born In Philadelphia, Pa., On Jan. 4, 1780. He Graduated At Harvard College In 1797 And Then Studied Law In The Office Of Jared Ingersoll (1749-1822), Who Was Attorney General Of Penn Sylvania. Binney Was Admitted To The Bar In Philadelphia In 1800. He Served ...

Horatius Bonar
Bonar, Horatius (1808-1889), Scottish Presbyterian Divine, Was Born In Edinburgh On Dec. 19 1808, And Died There On July 31 1889. He Was Appointed Parish Minister Of Kelso In 1837, And At The Disruption Of 1843 Became Minister Of The Newly Formed Free Church, Where He Remained Till 1866, When ...

Hubert Howe Bancroft
Bancroft, Hubert Howe American Historical Writer, Was Born At Granville (0.), May 5, 1832. As A Bookseller In San Francisco (1852-68) He Accumulated A Great Library Of Historical Material, And At Last Gave Up Business In Order To Devote Himself To The Publication Of His Native Races Of The Pacific ...

Hugh Bigod
Bigod, Hugh (d. 1177), Earl Of Norfolk, Was The Second Son Of Roger Bigod (d. I107), The Founder Of The English Family Of This Name. Hugh Inherited Large Estates In East Anglia On The Death Of His Brother William In 1120, And Enjoyed The Favour Of Henry I. At First ...

Hugh Blair
Blair, Hugh (1718-1800), Scottish Presbyterian Divine, Was Born On April 7, 1718, At Edinburgh, And Educated At The University There. After Holding Various Preferments He Became Pastor Of The High Church, Edinburgh, The Most Important Charge In Scotland. In 1762 He Became The First Occupant Of The Chair Of Rhetoric ...

Hugo Becker
Becker, Hugo (1864– ), German Violoncellist, Was Born At Strasbourg On Feb. 13, 1864, The Son Of Jean Becker, The Violinist, Founder Of The Florence Quartet. In His Youth Hugo Toured With His Father. In 1883 He Became Solo Violoncellist At The Frankfurt Opera, And Teacher At The Conservatoire. In ...

I Bend
Bend, (i) A Bending Or Curvature (old Eng. Bendan) As In "the Bend Of A River," Or Technically The Ribs Or "wales" Of A Ship. (2) A Nautical Term For A Knot (old Eng. Bindan, To Bind) . (3 ) A Term Of Heraldry (q.v.) Signifying A Diagonal Band Or ...

Ignaz Born
Born, Ignaz, Edler Von (1742-1791), Austrian Miner Alogist And Metallurgist, Was Born Of A Noble Family At Karlsburg, In Transylvania, On Dec. 26 1742, And Died At Vienna, July 24 '791. In 1776 He Was Appointed By Maria Theresa To Arrange The Imperial Museum At Vienna, Where He Was Nominated ...

Il Bambino
Bambino, Il (ital. For "the Babe"), The Name Given In Art To The Image Of The Infant Jesus In Swaddling Clothes Common In Roman Catholic Churches. ...

In Practice Bill Of
Bill Of Exchange, In Practice. Stripped Of Its Legal Technicalities, A Bill Is An Unconditional Order In Writing, Signed By The Person Giving It (the Drawer), Requiring The Person To Whom It Is Addressed (the Drawee) To Pay On Demand Or At Some Fixed Time A Given Sum Of Money ...

Inc Boyce Thompson Institute
Boyce Thompson Institute For Plant Re Search, Inc., Of Yonkers, N.y., Was Founded And Endowed By Col. William Boyce Thompson Of Yonkers. The Institute Was Formally Opened On Sept. 24, 1924. It Is Incorporated Under The Membership Corporation Law Of The State Of New York As A Non Profit Sharing ...

Industrial Uses Of Bone
Bone, Industrial Uses Of. There Is An Applica Tion For Every Constituent Of Bones, The By-product Of The Meat Trade, In Various Branches Of Industry. Besides The Direct Use Of Bones For Such Articles As Buttons, Knife-handles, Etc., There Is A Large Range Of Valuable Secondary Products. The Mineral Matter—phosphates, ...

Invasion Of Belgium
Belgium, Invasion Of. The Military Role Of Belgium In 1914 Was Determined By Two Considerations Of Fundamental Importance: The Geographical Situation Of The Country, Which, Seated Astride The Direct Road From Berlin To Paris And Calais, Had Become The Cockpit Of Europe, And Her International Political Situation As Defined By ...

Irish And Scottish Boroughs
Irish And Scottish Boroughs The Anglo-norman Influences Which Moulded The Development Of The English Borough Were Extended, With The Settlement Of The Anglo-norman Nobles, To Both Scotland And Ireland. From This Point Of View Ireland May Be Regarded As An English Colony In Which Municipal Institutions Developed On Lines Similar ...

Irish Banks
Irish Banks The Early History Of Banking In Ireland Was Marked By Legis Lation Even Less Favourable To The Formation Of A Steady And Dependable System Than In England, And In 1695 Several Of The Principal Merchants In Dublin Met Together For The Purpose Of Forming A Public Bank For ...

Irving Berlin
Berlin, Irving ), Adopted Name Of Israel Baline, American Song Writer, Was Born In Russia, May I 1888, And Was Brought To The United States In 1893. He Left Home At 14 To Earn His Living, Finding Employment As A Singing Waiter In Various Chinatown And Bowery Cabarets In New ...

Isaac Barrow
Barrow, Isaac (1630-1677), English Mathematician And Divine, Was Educated At Charterhouse, Felsted, And St. Peter's College, Cambridge, Where He Studied Literature, Science, And Philosophy. He Travelled In France, Italy, And The Near East. On His Return, In 1659, To England He Received Ordination From Bishop Brownrig, And In 166o He ...