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Encyclopedia Britannica

Volume 7, Part 2: Damascus to Education in Animals

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Gaetano Donizetti
Donizetti, Gaetano Italian Musical Composer, Was Born At Bergamo On Nov. 29, 1797. He Studied At Naples Under Simon Mayr, The Operatic Composer, And Then Under Mattei At Bologna. After His Return To Bergamo, His Father Insisted Upon His Giving Lessons In Order To Earn His Living. Don Izetti Revolted, ...

Gaston Doumergue
Doumergue, Gaston 12th President Of The Third French Republic, Was Born At Aigues-vives On Aug. 1, 1863, And Was Educated At The Lycee At Nimes. He Studied Law, Became A Barrister, And, After Holding Magisterial Appointments In Cochin China And Algiers, Was Elected Deputy For Nimes In 1893. In The ...

Gavin Douglas
Douglas, Gavin Scottish Poet And Bishop, Third Son Of Archibald, 5th Earl Of Angus (called The "great Earl Of Angus" And "bell-the-cat"), Was Born C. 14i4, Prob Ably At One Of His Father's Seats. He Was A Student At St. Andrews, And Thereafter It Is Supposed At Paris. In 1496 ...

Georg Moritz Ebers
Ebers, Georg Moritz (1837-1898), German Egypt Ologist And Novelist, Was Born In Berlin On March 1, 1837. At Gottingen He Studied Jurisprudence, And At Berlin Oriental Lan Guages And Archaeology. He Became In 1865 Docent In Egyptian Language And Antiquities At Jena, And From 1870 To 1889 He Was Professor ...

George Dunbar
Dunbar, George English Classical Scholar And Lexicographer, Was Born At Coldingham, In Berwickshire. When About 3o Years Of Age, He Settled In Edinburgh, Where He Became Tutor In The Family Of Lord Provost Fettes. In 1807 He Succeeded Andrew Dalzel As Professor Of Greek In The Uni Versity, And Held ...

George Eastman
Eastman, George American Inventor, Manufacturer, And Philanthropist, Was Born At Waterville (n.y.) On July 12, 1854. He Was Educated At Rochester And Became In Terested In Photography. In 1880 He Began To Manufacture Dry Plates, And Four Years Later Produced The First Practicable Roll Film. In 1888 He Invented The ...

George Franklin Edmunds
Edmunds, George Franklin Amer Ican Lawyer And Political Leader, Was Born In Richmond, Vt., On Feb. 1, 1828. He Began The Practice Of Law In 1849. He Was A Member Of The Vermont House Of Representatives Acting For The Last Two Years As Speaker, And Was A Member And President ...

George James Welbore Agar
Dover, George James Welbore Agar Ellis, Baron (1797-1833), English Man Of Letters, Was The Only Son Of The 2nd Viscount Clifden. He Secured The Grant Of To Purchase John Julius Angerstein's Collection Of Pic Tures, Which Formed The Foundation Of The National Gallery. He Was President (1832) Of The Royal ...

Georges Duhamel
Duhamel, Georges (b. 1884— ), French Poet, Novelist And Playwright, Born In Paris On June 3o, 1884. His Early Life Was One Of Struggle And Hardship. He Studied Medicine, And In The Quartier Latin Made The Acquaintance Of Romains, Vildrac And Arcos, With Whom He Founded The Group Of The ...

Gerard Edelinck
Edelinck, Gerard 707), Flemish Copper-plate Engraver, Was Born In Antwerp On Oct. 20, 1649. He Learned The Rudiments Of The Art In His Native Town Under Gaspard Huybrecht. He Then Went To Paris In 1665 And Worked Under De Poilly. On The Recommendation Of Le Brun, He Was Appointed Teacher ...

Giacomo Durando
Durando, Giacomo (1807-1894), Italian General And Statesman, Was Born At Mondovi In Piedmont. He Was Implicated In The Revolutionary Movements Of 1831 And 1832. In 1848 He Was One Of Those Who Asked King Charles Albert For The Constitution. On The Outbreak Of The War With Austria He Commanded The ...

Giovanni Dosso Dossi
Dosso Dossi, Giovanni (i479—i542), Italian Painter, The Head Of The Ferrarese School In The I 6th Century. His Real Name Was Giovanni De Lutero. His Father, Niccolo De Lutero, A Native Of Trent, Settled At Ferrara, And Giovanni And His Brother Battista (d. 1549) Were Probably Born At Dosso, A ...

Giovanni Dupre
Dupre, Giovanni (1817-1882), Italian Sculptor, Born In Siena On March 1, 1817. After Having Learned The Craft Of His Father, A Carver In Wood, He Worked In Siena, Pistoia, Pisa, Livorno And In Florence, Where He Associated With The Sculptor Cambi. By Drawing And Modelling In His Spare Time He ...

Great Officers Of Marshal
Marshal ; State, Great Officers Of.) See "the Marshalship Of England," In J. H. Round, Commune Of London And Other Studies (1899) ; G. E. C(okayne)'s Complete Peerage. (j. H. R.) ...

Greek Drama A Origin
Greek Drama: (a) Origin Modern Drama, From Shakespeare Onwards, Is Confessedly An Entertainment. Its True Intent Is For Our Delight, And If It Does Not Entertain It Has Difficulty In Justifying Its Existence. Also Each Play As A General Rule Is, Or Affects To Be, A Piece Of Free Fiction, ...

Greek Drama B History
Greek Drama: (b) History Tragedy.—archilochus Said That He Could Lead The Dithyramb As Well Drunk As Sober, Which Is Not True Of Tragedy; And Neither With Him (c. 65o B.e.) Nor With The (c. 600) Chorus Of 50 Of Arion Of Lesbos At Corinth Can Tragedy Legitimately Be Considered To ...

Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne
Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand (1806-1875), French Physician, Was Born On Sept. 17, 1806, At Boulogne, The Son Of A Sea-captain. He Was Educated At Douai, And Then Studied Medicine In Paris Until 1831, When He Returned To His Native Town To Practise His Profession. Two Years Later He First Tried ...

Guillaume Dubois
Dubois, Guillaume 23 ), French Cardinal And Statesman, Was Born At Brive, Correze, On Sept. 6, 1656. He Re Ceived The Tonsure At The Age Of 13, Was Educated At The College Of St. Michel At Paris, And Became Tutor To The Young Duke Of Char Tres, Afterwards Duke Of ...

Guillaume Durand
Durand, Guillaume (durandus Of St. Pourcain) (d. 1332), French Scholastic Theologian, Known As Doctor Resolu Tissimus, Was Born At St. Pourcain, Auvergne. He Entered The Dominican Order At Clermont, And In 1313 Was Made A Doctor In Paris, Where He Taught Till Pope John Xxii. Called Him To Avig Non ...

Guillaume Duranti Or Durantis
Durand, Guillaume (duranti Or Durantis) (c. 1230-1296), French Canonist And Liturgical Writer, And Bishop Of Mende, Was Born At Puimisson, Near Beziers. He Studied Law At Bologna, And About 1264 Was Teaching Canon Law At Modena. Clement Iv. Called Him To The Pontifical Court As A Chaplain And Auditor Of ...

Guillaume Mathieu Dumas
Dumas, Guillaume Mathieu, Count 1837), French General, Was Born At Montpellier On Nov. And Entered The Army In 1773. He Served In America And Else Where Almost Continuously Up To The Outbreak Of The Revolution. During The Revolution He Acted With The Moderate Party, And, Though He Was President Of ...

Gustav Eberlein
Eberlein, Gustav A German Sculptor Born On July 14, 1847, At Spickershausen, Hanover. He Studied At The Academy Of Nuremberg And At Berlin Under Blaeser, A Follower Of The Classicist Rauch. After A Visit To Rome In 1873 Where He Was Attracted To The Baroque He Joined The Group Of ...

Guy Carleton Dorchester
Dorchester, Guy Carleton, 1st Baron (1724— 18o8), British General And Administrator, Was Born At Strabane, Co. Tyrone, Ireland, On Sept. 3, 1724. He Served In 1759 In America As Quartermaster-general, Under His Friend Wolfe, He Was Wounded At The Capture Of Quebec, And Promoted To The Rank Of Brigadier-general. From ...

Gyorgy Dozsa
Dozsa, Gyorgy (d. 1514), Hungarian Revolutionary, Was A Szekler Squire And Soldier Of Fortune, Who Won Such A Reputa Tion For Valour In The Turkish Wars That The Hungarian Chan Cellor, Minas Bakocz, On His Return From Rome In 1514 With A Papal Bull Preaching A Holy War Against The ...

Hans Driesch
Driesch, Hans ), German Biologist And Phi Losopher, Was Born On Oct 28, 1867, At Kreuznach. After Study Ing At Hamburg, Freiburg, Munich And Jena, He Travelled In The Far East, And From 1891 To 190o Worked In The Zoological Sta Tion Of Naples. He Then Settled In Heidelberg Where ...

Heinrich Wilhelm Dove
Dove, Heinrich Wilhelm German Meteorologist, Was Born At Leignitz, Silesia, On Oct. 6, 1803. He Studied Mathematics And Physics At Berlin And Breslau. He Was Professor Of Physics At Konigsberg (1826-29), Supplementary Professor And Finally, Professor Of Physics At Berlin. He Made An Exhaustive And Exact Study Of The Distribution ...

Henri Duveyrier
Duveyrier, Henri (184o-1892), French Explorer Of The Sahara, Was Born In Paris, And At The Age Of 19, Having Al Ready Learnt Arabic, Began A Journey In The Northern Parts Of The Sahara Which Lasted Nearly Three Years. In 1864 He Published Exploration Du Sahara: Les Touareg Du Nord. After ...

Henri Louis Duhamel Du
Duhamel Du Monceau, Henri Louis (17oo 1782), French Botanist And Engineer, Was Born In Paris. His Dis Covery Of The Fungus Destroying The Saffron Plant In Gatinais Gained Him Admission To The Academy Of Sciences In 1728. From Then He Devoted Himself To Vegetable Physiology, And Experimented On The Growth ...

Henry Drummond
Drummond, Henry (1786-186o), English Banker, Politician And Writer, Best Known As One Of The Founders Of The Catholic Apostolic Or "irvingite" Church, Was Born At The Grange, Near Alresford, Hants., On Dec. 5, 1786, The Eldest Son Of Henry Drummond, A Prominent London Banker. He Was Edu Cated At Harrow ...

Henry Drummond_2
Drummond, Henry (1851-1897), Scottish Evangelical Writer And Lecturer, Was Born In Stirling On Aug. 17, 1851. He Was Educated At Edinburgh University, And In 1877 Became Lecturer On Science In The Free Church College, Glasgow. His Principal Work Was Natural Law In The Spiritual World (1883), The Argument Of Which ...

Henry Essex Edgeworth De
Edgeworth De Firmont, Henry Essex Last Confessor To Louis Xvi., Was The Son Of Rob Ert Edgeworth, Rector Of. Edgeworthstown In Ireland, His Mother Being A Granddaughter Of Archbishop Ussher. His Father Resigned His Living And Emigrated To Toulouse, Where The Boy Was Brought Up By The Jesuits. On Taking ...

Heraldry
Heraldry) . In The East The Dragon Is The National Symbol Of China And The Badge Of The Imperial Family, And As Such Plays A Large Part In Chinese Art. Chinese And Japanese Dragons, Though Regarded As Powers Of The Air, Are Wingless. They Are Among The Deified Forces Of ...

Hermann Wilhelm Ebel
Ebel, Hermann Wilhelm German Celtic Scholar, Studied At Berlin And Halle, And, After Holding Other Professional Posts, Became Professor Of Comparative Phil Ology At Berlin. He Died At Misdroy On Aug. 19, 1875. His Most Important Contribution To Celtic Philology Was His Revised Edi Tion (1871) Of Zeuss's Grammatica Celtica. ...

Holger Henrik Herboldt Drachmann
Drachmann, Holger Henrik Herboldt (1846-1908), Danish Poet And Dramatist, Son Of Dr. A. G. Drach Mann, A Physician Of Copenhagen, Whose Family Was Of German Extraction, Was Born In Copenhagen On Oct. 9, 1846. At Various Periods He Travelled Very Extensively In England, Scotland, France, Spain And Italy, And His ...

Indian Drama
Indian Drama The Indian Drama Was Almost Certainly A Native Growth. And, In Spite Of Some Points Of Resemblance, There Is No Real Evidence For Assuming Any Influence Of Greek Examples At Any Stage Of Its Progress. On The Other Hand, It Had Passed Into Its Decline Before The Dramatic ...

Infantry Roman Army
Infantry; Roman Army.) In Textiles, Drill Is The Name Of A Fabric Made In Both Linen And Cotton, And Commonly Bleached And Finished Stiff. The Word Is A Shortened Form Of "drilling," From The German Drillich, Or "three-threaded," And Is So Named Because The Weave Originally Used In Its Construction ...

International Confederation Of Students
International Confederation Of Students The International Confederation Of Students (confederation Internationale Des Etudiants [c.i.e.]) Was Founded At Strasbourg In 1919, With The Triple Object Of Creating Friendship And Under Standing Between The University Students Of The World, Of Co-ordi Nating Student Activities In All Countries, And Of Studying Inter National ...

International Trade Tionsand
Associations (industrial), International Trade Tions And Congresses And International Chambers Of ...

Isaac August Dorner
Dorner, Isaac August (1809-1884), German Lu Theran Divine, Was Born At Neuhausen, Wurttemberg On June 20, 1809. Af Ter Studying At Tubingen, He Travelled In England And Holland, And In 1837 Became Professor Extraordinarius Of Theol Ogy At Tubingen. His Entwicklungsgeschichte Der Lehre Von Der Person Christi (1835-39), An Indirect ...

Isaac Dorislaus
Dorislaus, Isaac (1595-1649), Anglo-dutch Lawyer And Diplomatist, Was Born At Alkmaar, Holland, The Son Of A Min Ister Of The Dutch Reformed Church. He Was Educated At Leyden, Removed To England About 1627, And Was Appointed To A Lecture Ship In History At Cambridge, Where His Attempt To Justify The ...

Isadora Duncan
Duncan, Isadora (1878-1927), American Dancer, Was Born At San Francisco (calif.), On May 27, 1878. She Began Her Career As A Girl Of 17 At Daly's Theatre, New York, Where She Danced The Part Of A Fairy In A Midsummer Night's Dream. Her Early Years Were Full Of Poverty And ...

Ist Earl Of Douglas
William Douglas, Ist Earl Of Douglas (c. 1327-13s4) Had Been Educated In France, And Returned To Scotland In 1348. In 1353 He Killed In Ettrick Forest His Kinsman, William, The Knight Of Liddesdale (c. 13oa-1353), Known As The "flower Of Chivalry," A Descendant Of A Younger Son Of The Original ...

Jacques Charles Dupont De
Dupont De L'eure, Jacques Charles 1855), French Lawyer And Statesman, Was Born At Neubourg, Eure, In Normandy, On Feb. 27, 1767. In 1789 He Was An Advocate At The Parlement Of Normandy. In 1798 He Was A Member Of The Council Of Five Hundred, And In 1813 He Became A ...

Jacques Davy Duperron
Duperron, Jacques Davy French Cardinal, Was Born At St. Lei, In Normandy, On Nov. 15, 1556, The Son Of A Protestant Minister, Who Settled At Berne, Switzerland, Where Jacques Davy Received His Education. Returning To Nor Mandy He Abjured Protestantism And Took Orders. On The Death Of Henry Iii., After ...

Jakob Dubs
Dubs, Jakob (1822-1879), Swiss Statesman, Was Born On July 26, 1822, At Affoltern, And Studied Law At Heidelberg, Berne And Zurich. After Holding Various Offices In His Native Canton, He Was Elected A Member And, In 1857, President Of The Federal Court. He Was President Of The Swiss Confederation In ...

James Buchanan Ears
Ears, James Buchanan (182o-1887), American En Gineer, Was Born At Lawrenceburg (ind.), On May 23, 182o. His First Engineering Work Of Any Importance Was In Raising Sunken Steamers. In 1845 He Established Glass Works In St. Louis. Dur Ing The Civil War He Constructed Ironclad Steamers And Mortar Boats For ...

James Douglas
James Douglas, 9th Earl (and Last), Denounced His Brother's Murderers And Took Up Arms, But Was Obliged By The Desertion Of His Allies To Submit. He Obtained A Papal Dispensation To Marry His Brother's Widow, In Order To Keep The Family Estates Together. He Intrigued With The English Court, And ...

James Douglas_2
James Douglas, 2nd Marquess Of Douglas (1646-1700), Suc Ceeded His Grandfather In 1660. His Eldest Son, John, By Courtesy Earl Of Angus, Raised A Regiment Of 1,200 Men, First Known As The Angus Regiment, Later As The Cameronians (26th Foot). He Was Killed At Its Head At Steinkirk In 1692. ...

James Drummond
Drummond, James (1835-1918), Unitarian Scholar, Was Born In Dublin On May 14, 1835, And Was Educated At Trinity College, Dublin, And Manchester New College, London. In 186o He Became Pastor Of Cross Street Chapel, Manchester, But Nine Years Later Returned To His Old College In London As Lecturer In Biblical ...

James Duport
Duport, James (1606-1679), English Classical Scholar, Was Born In Cambridge. In 1639 He Was Appointed Regius Pro Fessor Of Greek There, In 1664 Dean Of Peterborough, And In 1668 Master Of Magdalen College. Throughout The Civil War, In Spite Of The Loss Of His Clerical Offices And Eventually Of His ...

James
James, 2nd Earl Of Douglas And Mar (c. 1358-1388), Mar Ried Lady Isabel Stewart, Daughter Of Robert Ii. In 1385 He Made War On The English With The Assistance Of A French Contingent Under John De Vienne. He Allowed The English To Advance To Edinburgh, Wisely Refusing Battle, And Contented ...

Jan Ladislav Dussek
Dussek, Jan Ladislav (1761-1812), Bohemian Pian Ist And Composer, Was Born At Caslar, Bohemia, On Feb. 9, 1761, The Son Of The Cathedral Organist. He Played In Public At The Age Of 6, Became A Choir Boy, And Then Studied Theology At Prague. He Found A Pattern In Count Manner, ...

Janus Jan Van Der
Dousa, Janus (jan Van Der Does), Lord Of Noordwyck Dutch Statesman And Scholar, Was Born At Noord Wyck On Dec. 6, 1545, And Studied At Delft, Louvain, Douai And Paris. His Name Stood First On The List Of Nobles Who In 1565 Formed A League Against Philip Ii. Of Spain. ...

Japanese Drama
Japanese Drama The Japanese Drama Seems To Remain What In Substance It Has Always Been—an Amusement Passionately Loved By The Lower Orders, But Hardly Dignified By Literature Deserving The Name. Apart From Its Native Elements Of Legendary Or Historical Narrative And Pantomime, It Is Clearly To Be Regarded As A ...

Jean Antoine Dubois
Dubois, Jean Antoine (1765-1848), French Catholic Missionary In India, Was Ordained In The Diocese Of Viviers In 1792, And Sailed For India In The Same Year Under The Missions Etrangeres. He At First Worked In The Southern Districts Of The Present Madras Presidency. On The Fall Of Seringapatam In He ...

Jean Baptiste Andre Dumas
Dumas, Jean Baptiste Andre French Chemist, Was Born At Alais (gard) On July 15, 1800. He Was Apprenticed To An Apothecary In His Native Town. In 1816 He Moved To Geneva. There He Attended The Lectures Of Pictet, De La Rive And A. P. De Candolle, And Before He Was ...

Jean Baptiste Douville
Douville, Jean Baptiste French Traveller, Was Born At Hambye (manche), And Is Said To Have Been Murdered In 1837 On The Banks Of The Sao Francisco In Brazil. He Received The Gold Medal Of The Paris Societe De Geographie For His Voyage Au Congo (1832), But His Account Of His ...

Jean Baptiste Drouet
Drouet, Jean Baptiste French Revolu Tionary, Was Born At Ste.-menehould, Where His Father Was Post Master. The Carriages Conveying Louis Xvi. And His Family On Their Flight To The Frontier Stopped At His Door On The Evening Of June 21, I 791 ; And The Passengers Were Recognized By Drouet, ...

Jean Ducis
Ducis, Jean Francois (1733-1816), French Drama Tist And Adapter Of Shakespeare, Succeeded To The Fauteuil Of Voltaire At The Academy In 1779. His Father, Originally From Savoy, Was A Linen-draper At Versailles. In 1768 He Produced His First Tragedy, Amelise. The Failure Of This First Attempt Was Com Pensated By ...

Jean Dumont
Dumont, Jean (d. 1726), French Publicist, Became His Toriographer To The Emperor, Who Conferred On Him The Title Of Baron De Carlscroon. He Died At Vienna In 1726, At An Advanced Age. Among His Publications Are:-memoires Politiques Pour Server A La Parfaite Intelligence De L'histoire De La Paix De Ryswick ...

Jean Dunois
Dunois, Jean, Count Of (1403-1468), Commonly Called The "bastard Of Orleans," A Celebrated French Commander, Was The Natural Son Of The Duke Of Orleans (brother Of Charles Vi.) And Mariette D'enghien, Madame De Canry. His Earliest Feat Of Arms Was The Surprise And Rout In 1427 Of The English, Who ...

Jean Germain Drouais
Drouais, Jean Germain (1763-1788), French His Torical Painter, Was Born In Paris. His Father, Francois Hubert Drouais, And His Grandfather, Hubert Drouais, Were Well-known Portrait Painters ; And He Studied First Under His Father, Then Under Brenet, And Finally Under David. He Accompanied David To Rome, Where He Was Influenced ...

Jean Victor Duruy
Duruy, Jean Victor (1811-1894), French Historian And Statesman, Was Born In Paris. He Studied Under Michelet At The Ecole Normale Superieure, And Taught At The College Henri Iv. At Paris For Over A Quarter Of A Century. Already Known As A Historian By His Histoire Des Romains Et Des Peuples ...

Johann Augustus Eberhard
Eberhard, Johann Augustus German Theologian And Philosopher, Was Born At Halberstadt, Lower Saxony, Where His Father Was Singing Master At The Church Of St. Martin's, And Teacher Of The School Of The Same Name. He Studied Theology At The University Of Halle, And Took Orders. At Berlin He Formed A ...

Johann Eccard
Eccard, Johann (1553-1611), German Composer Of Church Music, Was Born At Muhlhausen, Thuringia, In 1553. He Studied At Munich, Under Orlando Lasso, In Whose Company He Is Said To Have Visited Paris. In 1583 He Became Assistant Conductor, And In 1599 Conductor, At Konigsberg, To Georg Friedrich, Mar Grave Of ...

Johann Ernst Eberlin
Eberlin, Johann Ernst German Musician And Composer, Was Born In Jettingen, Bavaria, On March 27, 1702, And Became Court Organist To The Prince-archbishop Of Salzburg, Where He Died On June 21, 1762. Most Of His Compo Sitions Were For The Church (oratorios, Etc.), But He Also Wrote Some Important Fugues, ...

Johann Friedrich Dubner
Dubner, Johann Friedrich Ger Man Classical Scholar (naturalized A Frenchman), Was Born In Horselgau, Near Gotha. In 1832 He Was Invited By The Brothers Didot To Paris, To Co-operate In A New Edition Of H. Etienne's Greek Thesaurus, And Edited Many Volumes In Didot's Biblio Theca Graeca. He Received The ...

Johann Gottfried Ebel
Ebel, Johann Gottfried Of The First Real Guidebook To Switzerland, Was Born At Zullichau In Prussia On Oct. 6, 1764. He First Visited Switzerland In 1790. As A Result Of Three Years' Study He Published Anleitung Auf Die Nutzlic/iste And Genussvollste Art In Der Schweiz Zu Reisen (zurich, This Was ...

Johann Gustav Droysen
Droysen, Johann Gustav German Historian, Was Born On July 6, 1808 At Treptow, Pomerania, Son Of An Army Chaplain. In His Childhood Droysen Witnessed Some Of The Military Operations During The War Of Liberation, For His Father Was Pastor At Greifenhagen, Near Stettin, Occupied By The French In 1813. The ...

Johann Heinrich Joseph Duntzer
Duntzer, Johann Heinrich Joseph (1813 1901), German Philologist And Historian Of Literature, Was Born At Cologne On July 12, 1813. Educated At Bonn And Berlin He Settled In 1837 At Bonn As Privatdocent For Classical Literature. He Had Already, In His Goethes Faust In Seiner Ein/ieit And Ganz Heit (1836) ...

Johann Maier Eck
Eck, Johann Maier (1486-1543), German Theologian, The Most Indefatigable And Important Opponent Of Martin Luther, Was Born On Nov. 13, 1486, At Eck, Swabia. His Father, Michael Maier, Was A Peasant And Bailiff (amtmann) Of The Village; His Uncle Martin Maier, Parish Priest At Rothenburg On The Neckar, Sent Him ...

Johannes Dumichen
Dumichen, Johannes (1833-1894), German Egypt Ologist, Was Born Near Grossglogau. He Studied Philology And Theology In Berlin And Breslau, And In 1872 Became Professor Of Egyptology At Strasbourg. In 1875-76 He Directed The Excavation Of The Temple At Dendera. ...

Johannes Heinrich August Ebrard
Ebrard, Johannes Heinrich August (1818 '888), German Theologian, Was Born At Erlangen On Jan. 18, 1818. Educated In His Native Town And At Berlin, He Became Privatdocent At Erlangen (1841) And Then Professor Of Theology At Zurich (1844) . From 1847-61 He Held A Similar Post At Erlangen, Where In ...

Johannes Meister Eckhart Eckhart
Eckhart, Johannes ["meister Eckhart"' (i260? 1327), German Philosopher, The First Of The Great Speculative Mystics Of The West, Was • Born At Hochheim, Near Gotha. He Entered The Dominican Order And In 1302 Became A Master Of Theology At Paris. Two Years Later He Was Made Provincial Of His Order ...

John Alexander Dowie
Dowie, John Alexander (1847-1907 ), Founder Of The "christian Catholic Apostolic Church In Zion," Born In Edin Burgh, And Went As A Boy To Australia With His Parents. He Re Turned In 1868 To Study For The Congregationalist Ministry At Edinburgh University, And Subsequently Became Pastor Of A Church Near ...

John Andrew Doyle
Doyle, John Andrew English Histor Ian, The Son Of Andrew Doyle, Editor Of The Morning Chronicle, Was Born On May 14, 1844, And Died On Aug. 4, 1907. He Was Educated At Eton And At Balliol College, Oxford, And Was A Fellow Of All Souls From 187o Until His Death. ...

John Boyd Dunlop
Dunlop, John Boyd (184o-1921), Scottish Inventor, The Pioneer Of The Pneumatic Rubber Tyre, Was Born On Feb. 5, 1840, On A Farm At Dreghorn, Ayrshire. He Settled In 1867 As A Veterinary Surgeon In Belfast, Where He Had A Large And Success Ful Practice. In 1887 He Constructed A Pneumatic ...

John Colin Dunlop
Dunlop, John Colin (1785-1842), Scottish Man Of Letters, Was Born On Dec. 3o, 1785. In 1816 He Became Sheriff Of Renfrewshire, And Retained This Office Until His Death At Edin Burgh In 1842. His History Of Fiction (1814; New Edition, 1888, With Notes By H. Wilson, In Bohn's "standard Library") ...

John Donne
Donne, John (1573-1631), English Poet And Divine Of The Reigns Of James I., And Charles I., Was Born In 1573 In The Parish St. Nicholas Olave, In The City Of London. His Father Was A Wealthy Merchant, Who Next Year Became Warden Of The Company Of Ironmongers, But Died Early ...

John Doran
Doran, John (1807-1878), English Author, Was Born In London Of Irish Parentage. He Succeeded Hepworth Dixon As Editor Of The Athenaeum For A Short Time In 1869, Until He Became Editor Of Notes And Queries In 187o. His Most Elaborate Work, Their Majesties' Servants, A History Of The English Stage ...

John Downman
Downman, John English Portrait Painter. His Pencil Portrait Drawings, Slightly Tinted In Colour, Usually From The Reverse, Are Many Of Them Of Remarkable Beauty. Sev Eral Volumes Of Sketches For These Drawings Are Still In Existence. Downman Is Believed To Have Been "pressed" For The Navy As A Young Man, ...

John Drinkwater
Drinkwater, John (1882-1937), British Poet, Play Wright And Critic, Born At Leytonstone, Essex, June I, 1882, And Educated At The Oxford High School. After 12 Years' Work As An Insurance Clerk, He Devoted Himself To Theatrical Enterprise, And Became Manager And Producer To The Pilgrim Players, Who De Veloped Into ...

John Duncan
Duncan, John (1796-1870), Scottish Theologian And Hebraist, Was Born At Aberdeen And Studied At Marischall College. In 1836 He Was Ordained In The Established Church And Given Charge Of Milton Church, Glasgow. After Three Years As A Mis Sionary To The Jews In Budapest He Was Appointed, In 1843, To ...

John Duns Scotus
Duns Scotus, John (c. 1265-1308), The Famous Doc Tor Subtilis And The Greatest British Mediaeval Philosopher, Was Born In The Village Of Duns, Scotland. He Became A Franciscan And Studied At Oxford, Where Shortly After I290 He Lectured On The Sentences. He Then Spent Some Four Years In Paris, And ...

John Dwight
Dwight, John (d. 1703), The First Distinguished English Potter. The Date Of His Birth Has Been Variously Given From 1637 To 164o, And He Died At Fulham In 1703. He Took The Degree Of B.c.l. Of Christ Church, Oxford, In 166i, And Was Appointed In That Year Registrar And Scribe ...

John Dyer
Dyer, John (c. 170o-1758), British Poet, The Son Of A Solicitor, Was Born In 1699 Or 1700 At Aberglasney, In Carmar Thenshire, And Died At Coningsby On Dec. 15, 17 58. In 1726 His First Poem, Grongar Hill, Appeared In A Miscellany Published By Richard Savage, The Poet. It Was ...

John Eachard
Eachard, John (1636?-1697), English Divine, Was Born In Suffolk, And Was Educated At Catharine Hall, Cambridge, Of Which He Became Master In 1675 In Succession To John Lightfoot. He Was Twice (1679 And 1695) Vice-chancellor Of The University. He Died On July 7, 1697. In 167o He Had Published Anonymously ...

John George Lambton Durham
Durham, John George Lambton, 1st Earl Or (1792-1840), English Statesman, Son Of William Henry Lambton Of Lambton Castle, Durham, Was Born In London On April 12, 1792. His Mother Was Anne Barbara Villiers, Daughter Of The 4th Earl Of Jersey. Lambton Succeeded To Large Estates When He Was Five Years ...

John Louis Emil Dreyer
Dreyer, John Louis Emil Danish Astronomer, Was Born At Copenhagen On Feb. 13, 1852, And Was I Educated In His Native Town. In 1874 He Became Astronomer At The Earl Of Rosse's Observatory At Birr Castle, Ireland. He Re Mained In Ireland, Holding The Post Of Assistant Astronomer At The ...

John Murray Dunmore
Dunmore, John Murray, Earl Of (1732-1809), English Governor Of Virginia, Succeeded To The Peerage In 1756. He Sat In The House Of Lords From 1761 Until He Became Governor Of The Colony Of New York In 177o. In 1771 He Was Also Appoint Ed Governor Of Virginia. He Made Himself ...

John William Draper
Draper, John William (1811-1882), American Scientist, Was Born In St. Helen's, Near Liverpool On May 5, 1811. He Studied At Woodhouse Grove, At The University Of London, And Again, After Removing To America In 1832, At The Medical School Of The University Of Pennsylvania (1835-36). In 1837 He Was Elected ...

Jonas Dryander
Dryander, Jonas (1748-181o), Swedish Botanist, Was Educated At Gothenburg, Lund And At Uppsala Under Linnaeus. He Visited England In 1782 And Became Librarian To Sir Joseph Banks. He Was Librarian To The Royal Society And Also To The Linnean Society, Of Which He Was One Of The Founders In 1788. ...

Jose De Santa Rita
Durao, Jose De Santa Rita (c. 1737-1784), Bra Zilian Poet, Was Born In The Parish Of Cata Preta, Near The Boun Dary Of Minas Geraes, Brazil, Probably In 1737, Though Some Authorities Place His Birth Within The Years 1718-2 2. He Received His Early Education At The Jesuit College In ...

Jose Echegaray Y Eizaguirre
Echegaray Y Eizaguirre, Jose Spanish Mathematician, Statesman And Dramatist, Passed Out At The Head Of The List Of Engineers In The Escuela De Caminos At Madrid, And, After A Brief Practical Experience At Almeria And Granada, Was Appointed Professor Of Pure And Applied Mathe Matics In The School Where He ...

Joseph Droz
Droz, Joseph French Writer On Ethics And Political Science, Was Born At Be Sancon, Of A Legal Family. He Gained The Montyon Prize In 1823 By His Work De La Philosophie Morale Ou Des Differents Sys Temes Sur La Science De La Vie. The Main Doctrine Inculcated In This Treatise ...

Joseph Dupleix
Dupleix, Joseph Francois Gover Nor-general Of The French Establishment In India, The Great Rival Of Clive (q.v.), Was Born At Landrecies, France, On Jan. I, 1697. His Father, Francois Dupleix, A Wealthy Farmer-general, Sent Him On A Voyage To India In 1715 On One Of The French East India Com ...

Joseph Hilarius Eckhel
Eckhel, Joseph Hilarius Austrian Numismatist, Born At Enzersfeld, Lower Austria, Was For Over 20 Years Professor Of Antiquities And Numismatics At The University Of Vienna, And Keeper Of The Imperial Cabinet Of Coins. Eckhel's Great Work Is The Doctrine Numorum Veterum (8 Vols., 1792-98). Out Of The Mass Of Previously ...

Jubal Anderson Early
Early, Jubal Anderson American Soldier And Lawyer, Was Born In Franklin County (va.), On Nov. 3, 1816, And Graduated At West Point In 1837. He Served In The Seminole War Of 1837-38, After Which He Resigned In Order To Practise Law In Franklin County, Virginia. He Also Engaged In State ...

Jules Armand Stanislas Dufaure
Dufaure, Jules Armand Stanislas (1798 1881), French Statesman, Was Born At Saujon (charente-infer Ieure) On Dec. 4, 1798. He Became An Advocate At Bordeaux, And In 1834 Was Elected Deputy. As Minister Of Public Works (1839) In The Soult Ministry, He Freed Railway Construction In France From The Obstacles Which ...

Jules Dupre
Dupre, Jules (1811-1889), French Painter, And One Of The Chief Members Of The Barbizon Group Of Romantic Landscape Painters, Was Born At Nantes, And Died At L'isle Adam, Oct. 6, 1889. If Corot Stands For The Lyric And Rousseau For The Epic As Pect Of The Poetry Of Nature, Dupre ...