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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 11

Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ. The Founder Of The Chris Tian Religion, Whose Life And Teachings Are Given In The Four Gospels Of The New Testament. In Order To Appreciate The Work Of Jesus, It Is Necessary To Understand The Political And Reli Gious Condition Of The Jewish People, To Whom Ile Belonged ...

Jewelry
Jewelry. The Word Jewel Is Usually Em Ployed To Denote A Gem Which Has Been Cut And Mounted For Wear Or A Personal Ornament Made Of A Precious Metal. Jewelry, In The Modern Sense, Is The Collective Term For Such Articles Or Their Imitations. The Manufacture Of Jewels Has In ...

Jewfish
Jewfish. Any Of Several Groupers Of Trop Ical American Waters, And The Largest Of The Sea Bass Family Serranidie. ( 1 ) A Guasa (promicrops Guttatus). Common On Both Coasts Of Mexico. And About, Florida And The West Indies, And Known In The Vicinity Of Pensacola As Warsaw (a Corruption ...

Jewish Art
Jewish Art. A Term Properly Applied To Art As Practiced By The Jews In Palestine, Before The Capture Of Jerusalem By Titus, As The Condi Tions Of The Dispersion Afterwards Did Not Allow Of Any Independent Art. The Earliest Arclueolo Gical Material Known Is Their Pottery, Which Has Been Found ...

Jewish Sects
Jewish Sects. A Term Applied To Certain Divergent Schools Of Religious Thought, Which Grew Up In The Midst Of Judaism During The Three Centuries Preceding The Christian Era. In This Restricted Sense We Have Only Two Jewish Sects, The Pharisees (q.v.) And The Saddnicees (q.v.). It Should, However, He Added ...

Jews Of
Jews (of. Gem,. Jen, Fr. Juif, It. Giudeo, Lat. Juthrus, Gk. 'ioveaioc, /oudaios, From Heb, Yehmidah, Judah). The Name Given Since The Babylonian Captivity To A People Of Semitic Origin, Who Called Themselves In Earlier Time Hebrews. And, From The Fact That They Were Members Of A Confederation Known As ...

Jiites
Jiites, Juts. A Low German Tribe, Closely Associated With The Angles And Saxons In The Conquest Of England In The Fifth Century A.d. Their Name Suggests That Of The Northern Penin Sula Of Denmark, And It Is Customary To Trace Them To That Starting-point. Morley Suggests, On The Other Hand, ...

Jiivland
Jiivland (dan. Jylland). A Peninsula Of Europe, Having The North Sea On The West, The Skagerrak On The North, And The Cattegat And Baltic Sea On The East. It Begins At The River Eider, And Terminates In The Narrow, Sandy Point Called Skagen Or The Skaw (map: Denmark, C 2). ...

Jingoism
Jingoism ( From Jingo, Perhaps A Corruption Of Saint Gingulphus, Or A Corruption Of Basque Jinkoa, Jainkoa. Jcinkoa, Contracted From Jaun Goicoa, Jangoicoa, Lord Of The High. God). A Term Coined From The Ancient Slang Expression `by Dingo.' Owing To An Incident Of British Politics In 1877, When England Was ...

Jinigaran
Jinigaran, Tte'ne-ga-ran', Or Giniga Ran. A Town Of The Province Of Ne Gros, Philippines, Situated On The West Coast Of The Island Of Negros. 28 Miles South Of Bacolod (map: Philippine Islands, G 9). Population, In 1898, 13.620. Jinn (ar., From Janna. To Be Veiled, Be Dark). Often Written Genii. ...

Joachim
Joachim, Yn'a-kem, Jost:mt (1831—). A Distinguished 111111g:trial] Violinist. Ile Was Born At 1cittsee. Near Pressburg, Hungary, Of Jewish Parents. His Father Was Engaged In Commercial Pursuits, But Discovered His Son's Musical Pro Clivities. And At The Age Of Five Years Placed Him Under Szervaezinsky, The Celebrated Concertmeis Ter Of Budapest. ...

Joachim_2
Joachim (ji:va-kini) Of Flo'ris (c.1175 C.1202). A Monk Of The Twelfth Century, Rever Enced As A Prophet By Many In His Own Time, And For Two Centuries Later. Be Was Born At Celico Near Cosenza. Calabria, About 1145, Became A Cistercian Monk, And In 1177 Is Mentioned As Abbot Of ...

Joanna I
Joanna I. (c.1327-82). Queen Of Naples From 1343 To 1382, And Countess Of Provence. She Was The Daughter Of Charles, Duke Of Cala Lim, And Of Marie Of Valois, And Became Queen On The Death Of Her Grandtather, Robert The Wise. She Was Already Married To Her Cousin Andrew, Brother ...

Joel Ion
Jo'el Ion, Yahweh Is God). The Son Of Pethuel And Second (or, According To The Sep Tuagint Order, The Fourth) Of The Twelve Minor Prophets. Concerning The Life Of Joel Absolutely Nothing Is Known, Except The Fact. Gathered From His Work, That He Prophesied In Judah. The Occasion For His ...

Jogues
Jogues, Zhe.)g. Is.vac (1607-46). A Jesuit Missionary To The North American Indians, Born In France. He Joined The Society Of Jesus In 1624, And In 1636 Was Ordained And Sent To The Huron Mission, Then The Most Dangerous Of All Which The Society Maintained In The New World. There He ...

Johann Jahn
Jahn, Johann A Distinguished Roman Catholic Orientalist And Biblical Critic. He Was Horn At Tasswitz, Moravia, June Is, 1750, Received His Early Education At Znaim And Olintitz, And In 1772 Entered The Premonstraten Sian Convent Of Bruck, Where He Took His Vows In 1774, And Was Appointed Professor Of Oriental ...

John
John, Eristles Or. Three Of The Canonieal Epistles Of The New Testament. Tile First Emsrle. The Literary Form Of I. John Is Peculiar And Some Have Considered It A Tract Rather Than An Epistle. Yet It Seems Clear That The Writer Has A Quite Definite Circle Of Readers In Mind, ...

John 1778 1831 Jackson
Jackson, John ( 1778-1831 ). An English Portrait Painter. Lie Was Born At Lastingham. Yorkshire, May 31, 1778, The Son Of A Tailor. His Early Portraits Were Done In Pencil Weakly Tinted Witliwater-color. His First Work In Oils Was A Copy Of Sir Joshua Reynolds's Portrait Of George Col Man. ...

John 1795 1821 Keats
Keats, John (1795-1821). An English Poet, Born In London. October 31, 1793. When About Eight. Years Old He Was Sent To The School Kept By John Clarke At Enfield. Here He Formed A Friendship With The Master's Son. Charles Cowden Clarke, Learned Latin, Possibly French, And Read Vehemently. Especially In ...

John 1821 86 Kelly
Kelly, John (1821-86). An American Poli Tician. Lie Was Born In New York City, Had A Eommon-school Education, Was Apprenticed To A Mason. And At. The Age Of Twenty-four Started In Business For Himself. He Soon Became Interested In Politics, For Which He Had A Decided Aptitude; Entered Tammany Hall; ...

John George I 1585 1656
John George I. (1585-1656). Elector Of Saxony, From 1611 To 1656. He Was Burn March 5. 15s5: Married Magdalene Sibylle. (laughter Of Duke Albert Frederick Of Prussia, In 1607 ; And Succeeded His Brother, Christian Ii., As Elector Of Saxony, June 23. 1611. The Attitude Of Sax Ony, As One ...

John I
John I., Pope 523-526, A Native Of Tuscany. Nothing Is Known Of His Pontificate Except His Landing An Embassy To The Emperor Justin Ii. At Constantinople, At The Request Of Theodoric. In Regard To The Execution Of An Imperial Edict Against The Arians. On His Return He Was Im Prisoned ...

John I 1358 00
John I. (1358-00). King Of Castile From 1379 To ]390. He Succeeded To The Throne On The Death Of His Father. Henry 11. To Defeat The Schemes Of John Of Gaunt. (q.v.). Duke Of Lan Caster, Who Had Assumed The Title Of King Of Castile. And Of Ferdinand Of Portugal. ...

John Iii
John Iii., Someski (1624 96). King Of Po Land From 1674 To 1696. And One Of The Greatest Warriors Of The Seventeenth Century. Lie Was Born At Olesko, Galicia. June 2, 1624, And Was Educated With Great Care. Together With His Brother :mark, By His Father. James Sobieski, Castellan Of ...

John Jervis
Jer'vis, John, Earl Of Saint Vincent (1735 1823). A British Admiral. The Second Son Of Swynfen Jervis, Barrister, He Was Born At Mea Ford, Staffordshire. After Education At Burton On-treat And At Greenwich, He Entered The Navy In 1749. He Obtained A Commission As Lieutenant In 1755, And During Some ...

John Josselyn
Josselyn, John (seventeenth Cen Tury). The Author Of One Of The Earliest Ac Counts Of The English Settlements In New Eng Land. He Was The Son Of Sir Thomas Josselyn, A Knight Of Essex. England. Where He Was Horn Probably Early In The Seventeenth Century. Llis Brother Henry Had Sailed ...

John Kasson
Kas'son, John Antat (1822—). An Ameri Can Diplomat, Born At Charlotte. Vt., Of Scotch Irish Ancestry. He Graduated At The University Of Vermont In 1842, Taught School For A Year In Virginia, And Then Read Law In The Office Of Emory Washburn At Worcester, Mass., Where He Was Admitted To ...

John Knox
Knox, John The Great Scottish Reformer, Lie Was Born In 1505 At Giffordgate, Haddington, About 25 Miles East Of Edinburgh. Lie Received His Early Education At The Grammar School Of Haddington, And In 1522 Went To The Rniversity Of Glasgow, Where For A Short Time He Is Thought To Have ...

John Marshall 1834 Lang
Lang, John Marshall (1834-). A Scotch Presbyterian Minister. Born In Glasford. Lanark Shire. He Was Educated At Glasgow University, Was Appointed To Congregations In (1556). Glasgow (1565). And Edinbur7h (1865). But Returned T() The Barony Church. Glasgow. In 1573, And In 1900 Was Made Vice-chancellor And Principal Of Aberdeen University. ...

John Mitchell 1s07 57kemble
Kemble, John Mitchell ( 1s07-57). An English Historian And Philologist, The Son Of Charles Kemble, The Actor, And The Brother Of Fanny Kemble. He Was Born In London, Eng Land, Received His Preliminary Education At Clap Ham And At The Bury Saint Edmunds Grammar School. And In 19:26 Entered Trinity ...

John Paul 1747 92 Jones
Jones, John Paul (1747-92). A Famous Naval Officer In The American Revolution. Horn In Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland, July 6, 1747. His Name Was Originally Jolla Paul, 'jones' Being Subsequently Added For Reasons Unknown. In His Twelfth Year He Was Apprenticed To A Mer Chant Of Wnitehaven, Who Was Actively Engaged In ...

John Sigismund
John Sigismund, Ger. Peon. (1572-1619). Elector Of Branden Burg, Son Of The Elector .joachim Frederick. Dur Ing His Reign The Dominions Of The Electors Of Brandenburg Were Increased By The Acquisition Of Cleves, Mark, And Ravensherg. And The Duchy Of Prussia (east Prussia). The First Three Districts Were Part Of ...

John Vi 1767 1826
John Vi. (1767-1826). King Of Portugal From 1816 To 18211. He Was The Son Of Peter Ill. And Of Queen Maria I.. Who Bad Succeeded Her Father, Joseph I., In 1777. In 1792 Queen Maria Became Insane, And John Was Made Prince Regent Of The Kingdom. In 1807 Napo Leon ...

John Of
John (of. Jan, Jean, ,khan, Johan, From Lat. Johannes, From Gk. 'liosivpys, From Itch. Yci/niiifin, Yahweh Lath Been Gracious). One Of The Disciples Of Jesus, Frequently Mentioned In The First Three Gospels And The Book Of Acts. And Gen Erally ;opposed To He The Author Of The Gospel And Epistles ...

John Of 1545 781
John Of (1545-781. A Spanish Gen Eral. Commonly Known As Don John (.juan) Of Austria. He Was The Illegitimate Son Of The Em Peror Charles V. By Barbara Blomberg. The Daulhter Of A Citizen Of Ratisbon. And Was Born February 21, 1545. He Was Not At First Acknowl Edged By ...

John Of Luxemburg 1296 1346
John Of Luxemburg (1296-1346). King Of Bohemia. His Father, The German Em Peror Henry Vii. (count Of Luxemburg). Se Cured For Him The Hand Of Elizabeth, Daughter Of Wenceslas Of Bohemia, And In 1310 He Was Chosen King Of That Country. After His Father's Death, Which Occurred Three Years Later, ...

John Of Salisbury
John Of Salisbury (c.1120-s0). An Eng Lish Scholar And Churchman, For Thirty Years The Central Figure Of English Learning. He Was Horn Between 1115 And 1120 At Or Near Old Sarum. In 1136 He Went To France. Attended The Lectures Of Abtslard And Other Famous Mas Ters, And Remained There ...

John Or Aunt
John Or (aunt, Doke Of Lancaster (1340 99). The Fourth Son Of Edward Iii. Of England. He Was Born At Ghent, Whence His Name (gaunt). In The French Wars He Served With Great Bravery Under His Brother. Edward The Black Prince. Ile Succeeded In 1361 To The Earldom Of Lan ...

John Or Damascus
John Or Damascus ( E.700-751). The Author Of The Standard Text-book Of Dogmatic Theology In The Greek Church. Lie Was Born At Dania, Ells About A.d. 700. Like His Father, He Was A Financial Officer Of High Rank Under Tire Caliph Of Damascus. Much Excited Over The Imperial Order Forbidding ...

John The Baptist
John The Baptist. The Forerunner Of Jesus Christ. The Sources On Which We Depend For Our Knowledge Of The Man And His Work Are: (i) The Sections Of The Gospels Especially Devot Ed To A Description Of Him And His Ministry. Of These The Accounts In The Synoptic Gospels Relate ...

Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University. An In Stitution Of Higher Learning In Baltimore. Md., Founded By Johns Llopkins (q.v.). Who Be Queathed Over $7,000,000 For The Establishment Of A University And A Hospital. The Two Institutions Are Closely Affiliated, But Each Has Its Own Funds And Is Controlled By A. Distinct Board ...

Johnson
Johnson, Sir Dotty (1742-1830). An Ameri Can Tory Leader, The Son Of Sir William Johnson (q.v.), Upon Whose Estate On The Mohawk River In New York Be Was Born. He Was Educated At Albany And At New York, And Took Part With His Father In The French And Indian War. ...

Johnson_2
Johnson, Rossrren (1840—). An Ameri Can Editor And Author, Born At Rochester, N. Y. He Graduated At The University Of Rochester In 1863, From 1804 To 1869 Was Assistant Editor Of The Rochester Democrat, A Republican Journal, And In 1869-72 Edited The Concord (n. H.) Statesman. In 1873-77 He Was ...

Johnson_3
Johnson, Sir Wil.m.tat (1713-74). A Brit Ish Soldier And Superintendent Of Indian Affairs In America, Born In • County Meath, Ireland. He Was Educated For Mercantile Pursuits, But In 1738 Assumed The Management Of The Landed Estates Of His Uncle. Sir Peter Warren. In The Col Ony Of New York. ...

Johnson_4
Johnson, Wits.tim ( 1727-1819 ) . An American Jurist And Educator, Born At Strat Ford, Conn. He Was The Son Of Rev. Samuel Johnson (q.v.), Who Became The First President Of King's College (now Columbia). Lie Was Gradu Ated At Yale In 1744. And In 1747 Received The Degree Of ...

Johnstown
Johnstown. A City In Cambria County, Pa., 76 Miles East Of Pittsburg; On The Pennsyl Vania And At The Terminus Of A Branch Of The Baltimore And Ohio Railroad (map: Pennsyl Vania. C 3). It Occupies, At An Elevation Of About 1200 Feet, An Area Of Five Square Miles, Being ...

Joi1ann Kepler
Kep'ler, Joi1ann One Of The World's Greatest Astronomers. He Was Born On December 27, 1571, At Weil Der Stadt, In Wurt Temberg, Germany. He Was Sickly In His Early Childhood, And His Constitution Remained Weak Throughout Life. In 1584 He Was Sent To Adel• Berg, And In 1586 To The ...

Joiin Ix
Joiin Ix., Pope 898-900. A Benedictine, The Candidate Of The Frankish Party. His Position Amid The Troubles Of The Time Was Very Insecure, And, Though A Zealous Man, He Accomplished Lit Tle Except The Rehabilitation Of His Predecessor Formosus.—jonx X., Pope 9i4-928. A Native Of Romagna. He Became Archbishop Of ...

Joint Tenancy
Joint Tenancy. A Form Of Own Ership Of Real Or Personal Property, In Which Each Owner Is Conceived Of As Owning The Whole As Well As An Undivided And Proportional Share Of The Property. This Is Described By The Quaint And Untranslatable Expression That The Ownership Is Per My Et ...

Joint Of
Joint (of. Joint, Joiner, From Lat. Junctus, Joint. From Janyere, To Join; Connected With Ck. I'etryveivat, Zeugnynoi, Skt. Yej, To Join, Mind Ulti Mately With Eng. Yoke), Or Awrieutarion. In Anatomy, The Connection Existing Between Any Of The Denser Component Parts Of The Skeleton, Whether Bone Or Cartilage. The Structures ...

Joints Comparative Anatomy Of
Joints. Comparative Anatomy Of. Among Invertebrate Animals There Are Many Cases Of Articulation Which Indicate The Presence Of Joints, But They Are Mostly Confined To That Type Which Is Characterized By The Presence Of Jointed Ap Pendages, The Arthropods. Among The Worms We Find Nothing To Which The Word Joint ...

Jointure Of
Jointure (of., Fr. Jointure, From Lat. Junctura, A Joining, From To Join). A Settlement Made On A Wife Or On The Husband And Wife Jointly, To Be Taken By Her In Lieu Of Dower (q.v.) If She Survive Her Husband. It Arose During The Period Of English History When The ...

Joinville
Joinville, Zhwan'vel', Francois Ferdi Nand D'orlean•3, Prince De (1818-1900). Third Son Of Louis Philippe, King Of The French. He Was Born At Neuilly, August 14, 1818; Was Edu Cated At The Naval School At Brest, And Was Made A Naval Lieutenant In 1838. In 1840 He Command Ed The Frigate ...

Jolly Balance
Jolly Balance. A Piece Of Physical Ap Paratus Used In Del'r•niiuing Tlre Specific Gravity Of Small Objects. Especially Minerals. It Corr Sists Of A Vertical Standard From The Tipper End Of Which Is Suspended A Spiral Spring Of Fine Wire. To The Lower End Of This Spring Are At Tac•iled ...

Jonah
Jonah, Boor. Or. The Fifth Book Of The Mi Nor Prophets. In The Superscription The Author Ship Of The Book Is Ascribed To Jonah. The Son Of Amittai. Considerations Of Language And Style, However. The General Thought And Point Of View. And Particularly The Psalm In Chapter Ii., Which Closely ...

Jonathan
Jonathan. The Asmonean, Brother Of Judas Maceabeus (q.v.). On The Death Of Judas In Battle Against The Syrians (b.c. 161), The Lead Ership Of The Struggle For National Independence Devolved Upon Jonathan. The Odds Against Him Seemed At First Overwhelming. The Discontented Elements Of The Population Abetted By Tbe Syri ...

Jones
Jones, }amen (1573-1652). An English Ar Chitect, Born In London. Gl His Early History Little Is Known Till The Time When The Earl Of Pembroke. Attracted By His Great Aptitude For Drawing. Sent Him Abroad For Tour Years To Study The Masterpieces Of Architecture In France. Ger Man•, And Italy. ...

Jones_2
Jones, .tony Percival ( 1830—). An _\ Meri Can Legislator And Politician. Born In Hereford Shire, England. On The Welsh Border. Ile Was Brought To The United States In 1831 By His Parents, Who Settled In Northern Ohio, And There. In The Public Schools Of Cleveland. He Received His Education. ...

Jones_3
Jones, Sir William (1746-94). A Famous English Orientalist, Indian Jurist, And Littilrateur. Lie Was Born In London, September 28, 1746, And Was Sent To Harrow In 1753. In 1764 He Was En Tered At University College, Oxford, Where He Was Enabled To Gratify His Desire For A Knowledge Of The ...

Joplin
Jop'lin. A Eity And One Of The County-seats Of Jasper County. No., 140 Miles South Of Kansas City; On The :missouri Pacific, The St. Louis And San Francisco. The Kansas City Southern, And The "missouri, Kansas And Texas Railroads (nap: -missouri, B 4). It Is Of Considerable Commercial Importance As ...

Jordaens
Jordaens, Yro•diins, Jacob (1303-10i5). A Flemish Historical, Genre, And Portrait Painter, One Of The Chief Masters Of The School. Lie Was Born At Antwerp, Nay 19, 1593, The Son Of A Cloth-merchant. He Was A Pupil Of Adam Van Noo•t, The Master Of Maens, And Remained With That Master When ...

Jordan
Jor'dan (heb. Yarden; Probably Connected With Syr. Yarda, Lake, Ar. Weird, Watering-plaee.) The Principal River Of Palestine, Called Esh-she Riah Or Esh-sheriah El-kebir By The Arabs. It Flows In A Southerly Direction, And, Starting From The Mountains In The North Of Palestine. Passes Through The Small Lake Huleh (the Biblical ...

Jordan_2
Jordan, .it-les (1850— ). An American Musician, Born In Willimantie, Conn. Lle Studied Singing, With William Shakespeare In London, And Sbriglia In Paris. Upon His Return To Amer Ica He Became Choirmaster Of Grace Church, Providence; And, Upon Its Foundation. In Ma, Conductor Of The Anion Club. As A Tenor ...

Jordan_3
Jordan, Yor'dzin, Rudolf ( A German Genre Painter, Born In Berlin, Where He Became A Pupil Of Wadi. He Then Studied From Nature In The Island Of Rtigen, And Having Won Success With His First Picture, "interior Of Pilot's Home" (1831, Now Owned By The German Em Peror), Went To ...

Jordanes
Jordanes, A Historian Of The Sixth Century, Formerly Erroneously Called •or Nandes. Be Was Probably An Alan And A Na Tive Of Lower 1\hesia. In His Early Years He Was Secretary To One Of The Rulers Of The Alans: Later He Became A Monk, And Possibly A Bishop. The Work ...

Joris
Joris, Yo'ris. Or Joriszoon, Davio (e.1501-56). An Anabaptist Leader. Born Either At Ghent Or Bruges. He Was Apprenticed To A Glass-painter, And Soon Displayed Great Aptitude In The Work. To Perfect Himself In The Art, He Visited Belgium, Frame, And England. Returning To Holland. He Settled At Delft, Practicing His ...

Jorullo
Jorullo, Ho-r(yo'ly6. A Volcanic Mountain In The State Of Michoacan, Mexico, Situated 70 Miles Southwest Of Morelia. The Capital Of The State. It Is Of Comparatively Recent Origin, Having Risen From The Surrounding Plain As A Result Of The Earthquake Of September 29. 1759. Besides Jorullo, There Sprang Up Five ...

Joseph
Jo'seph (lieb. Yoseph, Be Increases, Per Haps An Abbreviation Of Niseph 'el, God In Creases). The Son Of Jacob And Rachel (gen. Xxx. 22-24), Eponym Of The Tribe Of Joseph. The Story Of Joseph Is Given With Much Detail In The Last Fourteen Chapters Of The Book Of Genesis. He ...

Joseph 1778 1838 Lancaster
Lancaster, Joseph ( 1778-1838). The Founder Of The Lancastrian System Of Instruction, One Of The Rival Systems Of Monitorial Instruction (q.v.). Lancaster Was Horn In London, And Served As A Seaman, But, Inspired By Philan Thropy, Began The Work Of Teaching Without Any Previous Training, And Before The Age Of ...

Joseph 83s 94 Keppler
Kepp'ler, Joseph ( 83s-94 ) . An Austrian Cartoonist. Lie Was Born In Vienna, February 1, 1838. Lle Studied At The Academy Of Fine Arts In Vienna, And Contributed Cartoons To Leading Periodicals Of That City. He Went On The Stage As Comedian And Opera Singer, And In 1868 Went ...

Joseph Eggleston 1807 91 Johnston
Johnston, Joseph Eggleston (1807-91). An Eminent American Soldier, Prominent On The Confederate Side During The Civil War. He Was Born In Prince Edward County, Va., February 3, 1807; Graduated At West Point In 1829, Being A Class-mate Of Robert E. Lee; Was Engaged For A Time In Garrison Duty; Took ...

Joseph Ii 1741 901
Joseph Ii. (1741-901. Holy Roman Em Peror From 1765 To 1790. He Was The Son Of The Emperor Francis I.. Of The House Of Lorraine. And Maria Theresa, Sovereign Of The Austrian Domin Ions And Queen Of Hungary, And Was Born At Vienna, March 13, 1741, At A Time When ...

Joseph Of Arimathea
Joseph Of Arimathea. The Disciple Of -jesus Who Provided For His Burial. Arimathea Was Probably The Village Of Rainathaim, Near Lydda (cf. I. Mac. Xi. 34). Joseph Is Mentioned In The New Testament Only In Connection With The Entombment Of Jesus. The Four Evangelists Record In General Agreement That Joseph ...

Joseph_2
Joseph, Ger. Pron. Yo'zilf, I. ( 1678-1711). Holy Roman Emperor From 1705 To 1711. He Was The Eldest *on Of Emperor Leopold 1. And Was Born At Vienna, July 26. 1678. He Was Crowned King Of Hungary In 1687 And King Of The Romans In 1690. He Succeeded His Father ...

Josephine
Josephine, Zhe/zli'ft-n' (fr. Josephine), Marie Rose ( I7“3-1814). Empress Of The French And First Wife Of Napoleon I. She Was Born June 23. 1763. At Trois Ilets, In The Island Of Mar Tinique, Her Father, Tascher De La Pagerie, Being Captain Of The Port Of Saint-pierre. When About Fifteen Years ...

Joshua
Josh'ua (heb. Yahweh Is Deliv Erance). The Leader Of The Israelites In The Con Quest Of The Land Of Canaan. Lle Is Said To Have Been The Son Of Nun. Of The Tribe Of Ephraim (num. Xi. 28: Xiii. He Is Represented As Having Led The Fight Against The Amalekites ...

Joshua_2
Joshua, Boon. 0f. The First Of The Four His Torical Books In The Hebrew Bible, Forming With Judges, Samuel, And Kings The Division Known In The Jewish Canon As The Former Prophets. A Matter Of Fact. Joshua Is A Direct Continua Tion Of Deuteronomy, And It Has Therefore Become Customary ...

Josiah
Josi'ah (heb. . Yahweh Sup Ports) (c.639-60s N.c.). King Of Judah. Lie Was The Son Of Anion And Jedidah. And Is Said To Have Succeeded His Father At The Age Of Eight Years (it. Kings Xxii. 1). It Is Hard To Believe That This Figure Can Be Correct. Of The ...

Josika
Josika. Yo'shi-ko, Miklos, Baron (1796 1865). An Hungarian Novelist. Born Of A Distin Guished Family, April 28, 1796, At Torda, In Transylvania. In His Youth He Served For Some Time In The Austrian Army, And Then For Many Years Devoted Himself To Agriculture And Study. He Was A Member Of ...

Joutel
Joutel, Zhuo'tel', Henri ( E.1 6.50- ?). A French Explorer, Born In Rouen, The Son Of A Gardener In The Employ Of Henri Cavelier, An Uncle Of La Salle (q.v.). During His Youth He Was A Soldier, But Joined La Salle's Expedition, Which Left France In 1684 To Found A ...

Jovellanos
Jovellanos, Liorvft-lyit'nos, Gaspar :mel Chior De ( 1744-1811). A Spanish Statesman And Author. He Was Born At Gijon. In ,asturias, Of An Ancient Spanish Family, And Studied At The Uni Versities Of Oviedo, Avila, And Alvah. In 1767 He Was Made Judge Of The Criminal Court Of Seville, In 1778 ...

Jowett
Jowett, J0117.t. Benjamin (1817-93). A Distinguished English Scholar And Educator. He Was Born In London And Educated At Saint Paul's School And At Dallied College, Oxford. Where He Was Elected To A Fellowship Before He Took His Degree In 1839 With A First Class In Greats. And To A Tutorship ...

Juarez
Juarez, Mvii'riss, Benito Panro (1306-72). President Of The Republic Of :mexico. Lie Was Born At Guelatao In The State Of Dajaca, March 21, 1306, Being The Child Of Indhut Parents, Who Died When He Was Four Years Old. His Education Was Taken In Hand By A Merchant Of Oajaca, Who ...

Juba
Ju'ba. A River In Eastern Africa. Formed By The Junction Of Three Main Headstreams—the Ganana, The Web, And The Daua—and Flowing Southeastward. Constituting The Boundary Be Tween Italian Somaliland And British East Africa (map: Africa. J 4). It Enters The Indian Ocean At The Town Of Kismayu, Close To The ...

Jubilee Of
Jubilee (of. Jubile, Fr. Jubilf% From Lat. Jabihrus, From Heb. Yob(71. Blast Of A Trumpet). An Occasion Of Extraordinary Spiritual Privileges In The Roman Catholic Church. The Name And The Fundamental Idea Are Borrowed From The Old Hebrew Custom. (see Year Of.) The Principal Characteristic Of The Jubilee Is The ...

Judah
Ju'dah (heb. L'ahfidah, Probably Praised). The Fourth Son Of Jacob And Leah (gen. Xxix. 35), Eponymous Ancestor Of The Tribe Of Judah. He Is Represented As Originating The Idea Of Selling Joseph Into Egypt Instead Of Killing Him (gen. Xxxvii. 26-27). And Taking A Promi Nent Part In The Events ...

Judaism At The Present
Judaism At The Present Time. In Taking A Rapid Survey Of The Jews As They Exist To-day, We See At One And The Same Time A Great Diversity Coupled With A Fundamental Con Formity. This Diversity Has Arisen From The Attempt Which The Jew Is Bound To Make To Fit ...

Judas Iscariot
Judas Iscar'iot. One Of The Twelve Apostles Of Jesus. And The One Who Betrayed Him, As The Evangelists Are Wont To Add When They Mention His Name. Iscariot Or Iscarioth Means `man Of Kerioth,' But The Place Referred To Is Uncertain: It May Have Been In Judah (el Josh. Xv. ...

Judas Maccabieus
Judas Mac'cabie'us. The Hero Of The Jewish War Of Independence Waged Against The Syrian Kings In The Second Century B.c. Ile Was One Of Five Brothers, All Distinguished For Bravery And Skill, Sons Of Mattathias, A Priest Of The Or Der Of Joarib. Whose Home Was At Modin, A Town ...

Judge Of
Judge (of., Fr. Juqe, From Lat. Juder, Judge, From /us, Law + Dieere, To Say). One Who Finds A Judgment ; Especially A Presiding Magistrate In A Court Of Justice. The Proceedings Of Courts Of Jus Tice May He: (a) To Maintain The Order Of Judi Cial Procedure And Make ...