Home >> New International Encyclopedia, Volume 20 >> Yucatan to Zwingli

New International Encyclopedia, Volume 20

Yucatan
Yucatan, .yotika-tlinf. A Large Peninsula Projecting Northeastward From The South Eastern Extremity Of Mexico, And Separated From The Western Extremity Of Cuba By The Yucfitan Channel, 140 Miles Wide (map: Mexico, P 8). With The Peninsula Of Florida It Incloses The Gulf Of Mexico. The Penin Sula Of Yucatan Is ...

Yuen Or Yuan 12s0 1367
Yuen Or Yuan (12s0-1367). A Mongol, And Consequently An Alien, Dynasty That Occupied The Throne Of China For Eighty-eight Years—the Twenty-third Of The Twenty-five Dynasties That Have Ruled In That Country Since Bc. 2205, When The First One Was Founded. The Yuen Was Founded By Kublai Khan, Grandson Of Genghis ...

Yuga
Yuga, Ytygli ( Sid., Yoke,. Period Of Time, Generation). In 'hindu Mythology And Astron Omy, The Name Of A Lung Period Of Years Corre Sponding To An Age Of The World. Four Such Eras Are Mentioned : Krtu- 1'ua. Nue, Draper(' Yu. And Ti A First Was The Age Of ...

Yukon
Yukon, Yi7vkon. A Territory 'of Canada Occupying The Northwestern Portion Of The Do Minion. It, Is Bounded On The North By The Arctic Ocean, On The East By The Territory Of Mackenzie, On The South By British Columbia And Southern Alaska, And On The West By The Main Portion Of ...

Yukon River
Yukon River. One Of The Largest Rivers Of North America. Tt Is Formed At Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory, Canada, By The Junction Of The Lewes And Pelly Rivers, And Flows Northwestward Into Alaska, Which It Traverses In A Southwest Direction, Finally Turning West And Emptying Into The Sea Through A ...

Yun Nan
Yun-nan, 'south Of The Clouds,' From Yiin, Clouds + Win, South, In Allu Sion To The Great Banks Of Fog Which Overhang The Province Of Sze-chuen On T He North). One Of The Eighteen Provinces Of China, Proper, Hounded On The North By Sze-chuen, On The West By Kwci Chow ...

Yuriev
Yuriev, Ylrar'yef, University Of, The Of Ficial Name For The University Of Dorpat, In I D Vonia, Russia. It Had Its Inception In The Gym Nasium Founded By The Swedish Government When It Gained Possession Of Livonia. This Institution Was Changed In 1632 Into A University. There Were Then Instituted ...

Zacatecas
Zacatecas. A City Of The State Of Zacate Cas, Mexico, 439 Miles By Rail Northwest Of The City Of Mexico, In A Lofty Valley Some 8000 Feet Above The Sea (map: Mexico, G 6). Owing To The Narrowness Of The Valley In Which It Is Situ Ated, The City Spreads ...

Zambezi
Zambezi, Znin-lri'zi Or Zain-1):vz. Or Zaiv1 Besi. A Large River Of _africa, The Fourth In Size On The Continent. It Rises On The Bound Ary Between West Congo Free State In Latitude 11° S., Longi Tude 24° E., And Flows With A General Southeast Ward Direction In A Great. Double ...

Zamia
Zamia (lat., Fir-cone Left To Decay On The Tree, From Gk. 'zeinia, Harm, Damage). A Comprehensive Name For Plants Of The Natural Order Cycadacex, The Species Of Which Are Found Throughout The Tropics. They Have A Tree-like Stem, With A Single Terminal Bud And Pinnate Leaves. The Wood Consists Of ...

Zamojski
Zamojski, Z5-moi'sk6. One Of The Most Distinguished Families Of The Polish Nobility.— Jan Zamojski (1541-1605) Was Born At Sko Kow, Was Educated At Strassburg And Padua, And Became A Leader In Polish Affairs. He As Sisted In The Election Of Henry Of Anjou To The Polish Throne (1573) And Became ...

Zanesville
Zanesville, Z5ozrvt1. The County-seat Of Muskingum County, Ohio, 59 Miles East, Of Columbus, At The Confluence Of The :muskingum And Licking Rivers, And On The Baltimore And Ohio, The Zanesville And Ohio River, The Bellaire, Zanesville And Cincinnati, The Cincinnati And Muskingum Valley, And Other Railroads (map: Ohio, (; 6). ...

Zanzibar
Zanzibar, Zan'zi-bitr• Or Znn'zi-hfir. A Sultanate And British Protectorate Of East Africa. It Consists Of The Two Islands Of Zanzi Bar And Pemba (the Latter 30 Miles Northeast Of The Former). The Island Of Zanzibar Is Traversed By The Parallel Of S. (map: Africa, J 5). Their Combined Area Is ...

Zdonskawola
Zdonskawola, Zdtiony-skft-v5i'y3. A Town In The Government Of Kalish, Russian Poland, About 40 Miles West Of Lodz. Tt Has Manufactures Of Cotton And Woolen Goods. Popu Lation, In 1897. 15.934. Ze'a, Or Ke'a (lat. Cca, From Gk. Kla, Kia, Von, Hens). The Northwesternmost Island Of The Cyclades, 13 Miles East ...

Zebra
Zebra (african Name). The Name In Gen Eral Of All The African Striped Species Of The Horse Family (equid:v), Of Which Four Species Are Usually Recognized. Namely The True Or Moun Tain Zebra ( Eq Tins Zrl»-a). Bluebell's Zebra (equus Rurchelli), Gr6vy's Zebra (erin Us Greryi), And The Quagga (equns ...

Zechariah
Zechariah. Zkk ( Heb. Zaaryah, O• Zaargahr, Remembers). A Frequent Old Testament Name. The Most Notable Of Those Bearing It Are: (1) Zechariah, The Son Of Jehoiada. Ile Was High Priest In The First Part Of The Reign Of Joash (q.v.). King Of Israel. The Chronicler Represents Joash As Straying ...

Zedekiaii
Zedekiaii, ( Tieb. Sidliiyyult, Or Sidliiyyalia, Yahweh Is My Vindication). A Fre Quent Old Testament Name; Especially The Last King Of Judah (11. Kings Xxiv. 17; Xxv.; Citron. Xxxvi. 11 Et Seq.; Jeremiah, Passim). At His First Capture Of Jerusalem (n.c. 597) Nebu Chadnezzar Deposed King Jehoiachin, Carried Him Away ...

Zenith Telescope
Zenith Telescope. An Instrument Espe Cially Adapted For The Measurement Of Small Differences In The Zenith Distances Of Celestial Objects. It Consists Of A Vertical Column Re Volving About A Vertical Axis And Carrying A Horizontal Axis, To One End Of Which The Tele Scope Is Attached And To The ...

Zenker
Zenker, Tsen'kr, Friedrich Albert Von (1825-98). A German Physician, Celebrated For His Discovery Of Triehiniasis. He Was Horn In Dresden, And Was Educated In Leipzig And Heidelberg. Attached To The City Hospital Of Dresden In 1s51, Lie Added, In 1855. The Duties Of Professor Of Pathological Anatomy And Gen Eral ...

Zenobia
Zeno'bia Mat., From (gk. Znpopfa). Queen Of Palmyra. She Was The Wife Of Odenathus, Lord Of Palmyra, Who Had Been Recognized In A.d. 264 As King And In The East By The Roman Emperor Gallienus (q.v.), And Whose Sway Ex Tended Over Almost All The Eastern Provinces. In 267 Odenathus ...

Zephaniah
Zeph'ani'ah .cyphanyah Or Hanyriliti, Yahweh Hides Or Defends). The Prophet Whose Work Is Contained In The Ninth Book Of The Ninor Prophets. Nothing Is Known Of Him Personally Except That He Was The De Scendant In The Fourth Generation Of Ilezekiah, And, Since This Name Is Not Common, It Has ...

Zermatt
Zermatt, Tser-miit'. A Celebrated Mountain Resort In The Southern Part Of The Canton Of Valais, Switzerland, Situated On The Left Bank Of The Visp At An Altitude Of Over 5000 Feet (map: Switzerland, Ii 2). Ii Is The Starting Point. For Ascents Of The Biltelherg And The Gooier Grat, Which ...

Zeuglodon
Zeuglodon, (neo-lat., From (1k. 0157xn, .:.-eng10, Strap Or Loop Of A Yoke, From Zrugnyntti, To Join + Odous, Tooth). An Extinct Whale, The Earliest Known Fossil Eelacean, Found In Eocene Deposits Of Various Parts Of The World. It Was A Gron I Serpent Like Creature With Body 50 To 70 ...

Zeuxis
Zeux'is ( La T., From Gk. 7,f.qcs). A Famous Greek Painter Who Flourished Near The End Of The Fourth Century B.c. He Is Called A Native Of Lieraclea, Though Which Of The Cities Of That Name Is Meant Cannot He De Termined. He Visited Athens And Lower Italy, But Seems ...

Ziani
Ziani, Z&-lifne. A Noble Venetian Family, Now Extinct, Which Furnished Many Men Of Emi Nence To The Republic. Of These The Most Im Portant Were Two Doges: Sebastiano ( E.1100-78). He Attained Distinction As Ambassador To Con Stantinople. 'after Adjusting The Difficulties Which Had At That Time Risen Between Manuel ...

Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe, Om-no/aaa ( Bantu, Stone Houses). The Name Of The Very Remarkable Ruins In Southeastern Mashonaland, In Latitude 20° Dv A" S. And Longitude 31 ° 10' 10" E., Also Called Great Zimbabwe, To Distinguish Them The Numerous Minor Zimbahwes Scattered Through The (sundry. The Ruins, Which Cover A Large ...

Zimri
Zim'ri. A Character Intended To Represent Villiers, Duke Of Buckingham, In Dryden's Absa Lom And Achitophel. The Caricature Received High Praise From Walpole. Buckingham An Swered It In His Poetic Reflections On A Late Poem Entitled, "absalom And Achitophel." Zinc (fr. Zinc, From Ger. Zink, Zinc; Con Nected With 01161. ...

Zinzendorf
Zinzendorf, Tsin'tsen-drirf, Nikolaus Lrd Wig, Count You Zinzcndorf And Pottendorf 11700-60). Founder Of The Reorganized Moravian Church O• United Brethren. Lie Was Born At Dresden, May 26, 1700, And Was Educated By His Grandmother. Spener, The Head Of The Pietists, Was A Frequent Visitor At Her House, And His Con ...

Zionist Movement
Zionist Movement. A Movement Which Has For Its Objeet—to Quote Dr. Theodore Herzl, The Founder And Leader Of Modern Zionism—"the Creation Of A Home Secured By Public Rights For Those Jews Who Cannot Or Will Not Be Assimilated By The Country Of Their Adoption." It Is A Direct Consequence Of ...

Ziska
Ziska, Bob, Zigka, John (e.1360-1424). A Famous Leader Of The Huss Ites. He Was Born At Trocnoy, Near Budweis, Bohemia. Ile Became A Page To King Wenceslas Of Bohemia, And Spent His Youth At Prague. In 1410 He Took Part As A Volunteer On The Side Of The Teutonic Knights ...

Zitivisteeg
Zitivisteeg, Tskim'stflg, Joilann Rudolf (1760-1802). A German Composer. Born At Sachsenflur, In The Odenwald. Under The In Struction Of The Kapellmeister Poli And Others, He Developed Into A Brilliant 'cellist And Composer. He Succeeded Poli, In 1792, As Court Kapellmeister At Stuttgart, Where Lie Produced Eight Operas, Of Which Fie ...

Zoar Community
Zoar Community. A Communistic So Ciety Established In America By A Colony Of Germans Calling Themselves Separatists. It Was Originally Composed Of About Four Hundred Mem Bers, Who Bad Suffered Persecution In Wiirttem Berg As Dissenters From The Established Church, And Who In 1817 Emigrated To America, Where They Were ...

Zodiac Of
Zodiac (of. Zodiac, Zodiague, Fr. Zndiaryitr, From Lat. :of/if/ens, From Gk. Natas6s, Ze;dirtko, Zodiac, Relating To Animals, From Zodion, Diminutive Of Nov, Coon, Animal, From Rip, Zen, To Live; So Called Because The Constellations Were Figured As Animals). The 1111111c Given By The An Eients To An Imagilmry Band Extending ...

Zodiacal Light
Zodiacal Light. A Faint Luminosity Extending Outward From Both Sides Of The Sun Along The Ecliptic. It Is Visible Only After Sunset Or Before Sunrise. It Is Easily Seen To Reach 90° Or From The Sun; And In Favorable Circum Stances Of Observation In The Tropics, It Has Been Recorded ...

Zola
Zola, Ztvla', Emile (18401902). A French T Qturali Tic Novelist, Born In Paris, April 2, 1s40. Father Was A Yetaiinn With Greek Blood In Hi.. Veins. Zola Studied At The Lyeile Saint-louis, But After Twice Failing To Get His Bachelor's Degree, He Found Work In 1802 In The Publishing House ...

Zollverein
Zollverein, Tsblge-rin (ger., Customs Union). Any Customs Union Between Several Countries, For The Purpose Of Establishing Uni Form Customs Tariffs Between Imports To And Ex Ports From The Countries Within The Union And Countries Outside, While Duties Between The Sev Eral Contracting Countries Are Reduced Below The Usual Rate Or ...

Zona Libre
Zona Libre, Th5'na. Lo'brtc (span., Free Zone), Or Zone. A Name Applied To The Strip Of Country, 20 Kilometers Wide, Extending Across The Northern Frontier Of Mexico From The Atlantic To The Pacific. Foreign Goods Intro Duced Into The Zone Pay Only Per Cent. (for Merly Only Per Cent.) Of ...

Zoological Garden
Zoological Garden. The Rapid De Crease Of Wild Life Throughout The World, And The Steadily Increasing Desire Of Mankind To Be Come Acquainted With Living Wild Animals, Bas Led To The Development Of Three Distinct Types Of Vivaria. The Term 'zoo' Commonly Indicates A Small And Unpretentious Menagerie, Located In ...

Zoological Station
Zoological Station. An Institution For The Study Of Living Animals. Such Stations Are Of Three Principal Sorts: Marine, Fresh Water, And Inland. The First To Be Developed Was The Marine Station, The Great Importance Of The Study Of Marine Animals And The Comparative Expen Siveness Of Apparatus For Marine In ...

Zoroaster
Zo'roas'ter (lat. Zoroastres, From Gk. Zwpodarpns, From Av. Zarathatra). The Prophet Of Ancient Iran, A Representative Of The Faith Of The Magi (q.v.), And One Of The Great Religious Teach Ers Of The East. The Tenets Of His Creed Are Preserved In The Avesta (q.v.), In The Pahlavi Literature (q.v.), ...

Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism. The Designation Gen Erally Employed To Denote The Ancient Religion Of Persia Prior To The Mohammedan Conquest Of Iran. Other Terms Are Sometimes Substituted, Such As Mazdaism From Its Supreme God, Slag Ism From Its Ancient Priests, Parsiism From Its Modern Adherents, And Again Fire-worship Or Dualism From Certain ...

Zorrilla Y Moral
Zorrilla Y Moral, Thor-rel'ya Jost (1517-93). A Spanish Poet And Playwright, Born In Valladolid February 21, 1817. After Studying Law For A While At Toledo And Madrid, He First Gained Notice (1837) By His Verses On The Satirist Larra (flgaro). Many Lyrics And Poetic Legends Followed These Verses; Then Came ...

Zouaves
Zouaves. A Body Of Troops In The French Army Whose Organization Dates From 1830, When Two Battalions Were Formed By General Clausel From A Tribe Of Kabyles Dwelling In Algeria. The Name Of The Tribe Was Zouaoua. Which In French Gave Rise To The Term Zouave. The Or Ganization Of ...

Zrinyi
Zrinyi, Zre'ny0. Mnufis (nicholas), Count (1508-06). A Famous Hungarian General, De Scended From The Old Slavic Family Of Subii7 Who, In 1347, Had Adopted The Name Of Zrinyi From Castle Zrin In Croatia. He Distinguished Himself At The Siege Of Vienna (1529) And Afterwards In The Campaigns Against John Zapolya ...

Zubly
Zub'ly, .joss Joachim (1725-8i). A Swiss American Clergyman, Born At Saint Gall, Switzer Land. He Was Ordained To The Presbyterian Min Istry About 1744, Subsequently Emigrated To America, Held A Pastorate For Some Time In South Carolina, And In 1760 Became The First Regular Pastor Of The Independent Presbyterian Church ...

Zuccaro
Zuccaro, Tsiirdz'ka-r5. Taddeo (1520-00). An Italian Painter, Born At Sant' Angelo In Vado, Near Urbino. In 1548 He Began A Career Of Fresco Painting For Julius Iii. And Paul Iv., As Well As For Great Nobles Like The Duke Of Urbino, Which Was Only Ended By His Early Death In ...

Zululand
Zululand, Z'1-151141. A Province Of The British Colony Of Natal, Bounded On The North By Swaziland And Portuguese East Africa, On The East And Southeast By The Indian Ocean, And On The Southwest And West By Natal. The Former Transvaal District Of Vryheid, Now A Part Of Natal, Borders Directly ...

Zurbaran
Zurbaran, Thiroeba-riite. Francisco De (1598-1602). A Celebrated Spanish Painter Of The Andalusian School,-born At Puente De Cantos, Estremadura. A Pupil Of Juan De Las Eoelas At Seville, He Also Studied Diligently From Nature And Adopted A Vigorous Realistic Style. Akin To The Ehi Aroscuro Effects Of Caravaggio. Whence He Is ...

Zurich
Zurich. The Capital Of The Canton Of Zurich, And The Largest City In Switzerland, Situ Ated At The Northern End Of Lake Zurich, 25 Miles North Northeast Of Lucerne ( Mop : Switzer Land, C ). Altitude, 1506 Feet. Zurich Is Rapidly Growing In Size And In Financial Impor Tance, ...

Zuyder Zee
Zuyder Zee, Zoi'disr 25, Or Zuider Zee. A Large Arm Of The North Sea. Penetrating Deeply Into The Northwestern Part Of The Netherlands (map: Netherlands, D 2). It- Consists Of An Oval Inner Portion 44 Miles Long And About 30 Miles Broad, Separated By A Strait About Ten Miles Wide ...

Zwingli
Zwingli, Tsving'1. Ulrich Or Blumarteicit (1484-1531). The Leader Of The Protestant Ref Ovulation In Switzerland. He Was Born At Wild Haus, In The Toggenburg Valley, Where His Father Was The Altmann Of The Village, A Man Of Sub Stance, Who Gave His Son The Best Available Edu Cation. Zwingli Was ...