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Annexation
Annexation, A Formal Act Of State (see Act Of State), Whereby A State Claims Dominium Or Sovereignty Over Territory Which Is Unoccupied By Civilized People, Or Which Is Occupied By Its Own Subjects, Or Over Which It Has Established A Protectorate, Or Which It Has Occupied By Treaty, Or Which ...

Anne_2
Anne (1665-1714), Queen Of Great Britain And Ireland, Second Daughter Of James, Duke Of York, Afterwards James Ii., And Of Anne Hyde, Daughter Of The 1st Earl Of Clarendon, Was Born On Feb. 6 1665. As A Child She Resided In France With Her Grandmother, Henrietta Maria, And, On Her ...

Anniceris
Anniceris, A Greek Philosopher Of The Cyrenaic School. A Follower Of Aristippus, He Denied That Pleasure Is The General End Of Human Life. To Each Separate Action There Is A Particular End, Namely The Pleasure Which Actually Results From It. Secondly, Pleasure Is Not Merely The Negation Of Pain. There ...

Anniston
Anniston, A City Of Alabama, U.s.a., 56 M. E. By N. Of Birmingham, On The Slope Of Blue Mountain, The County Seat Of Calhoun County. It Is On The Bankhead Highway, And Is Served By The Southern And The Louisville And Nashville Railways. The Population Was 17,734 In 192o, Of ...

Annobon Or Anno Bom
Annobon Or Anno Bom, An Island In The Gulf Of Guinea, In I°24' S. And E., Belonging To Spain. Length About 4m., Breadth 2m., And Area 64 Square Miles. It Presents A Succes Sion Of Beautiful Valleys And Steep Mountains, Covered With Rich Woods And Luxuriant Vegetation, And Culminating In ...

Annona
Annona, In Roman Mythology, The Pe:sonification Of The Produce Of The Year (lat. Annus, Year). Her Attributes In Works Of Art And On Imperial Coins Were A Corn-bushel, A Ship's Prow Pointing To The Transport Of The Grain Over The Sea, Ears Of Corn, And A Horn Of Plenty (cornu ...

Annonay
Annonay, A Town In France; Dept. Of Ardeche, Som. S. Of Lyons By The P.l.m. Railway. Pop. (1931) 13,176. Annonay Is Built On A Hill Above The Confluence Of The Deep Gorges Of Dame And Cance (tributaries Of The Rhone), Which Supply Power To Local Factories. A Reservoir Constructed In ...

Annoy
Annoy, To Vex. In The Sense Of "nuisance" (q.v.) "annoy Ance" Is Found In The English "jury Of Annoyance" Appointed By An Act Of 17s4 To Report Upon Obstructions In The Highways. ...

Antoine Thomson D Abbadie
Abbadie, Antoine Thomson D' And Arnaud Michel D' (1815-1893 ) , Travellers, Were Born In Dublin, Of A French Father And An Irish Mother. The Parents Re Moved To France In 1818. In 1835 The French Academy Sent Antoine On A Scientific Mission To Brazil, The Results Being Pub Lished ...

Antonio Abetti
Abetti, Antonio (1846-1928), Italian Astronomer, Was Born On June 19, 1846, At Gorizia, Italy. He Was Educated At Pisa. After Working In The Observatories At Pisa And Padua, Abetti Became Director Of The Arcetri Observatory, Florence, In 1894; He Remained There Until He Retired In 1921. He Made A Special ...

Archduke
Archduke (1817-1895 ), Austrian Field-marshal, The Eldest Son Of The Archduke Charles (karl Friedrich), Was Born Aug. 3, 1817, In Vienna. After Having Been Educated Under The Careful Superin Tendence Of His Father, He Entered The Austrian Army As A Colonel Of Infantry In 1837, And Was Transferred To The ...

Archiannelida
Archiannelida The Archiannelida Or Haplo Drili Are A Small Group Of Simply Organized Marine, Aquatic And Terrestrial Worms, Which Have Been Affiliated By Various Authors With The Rotifera, The Turbellaria And The Annelida. The Most Re Cent Opinion Is That They Are Modified And Often Degenerate Annelids Allied To The ...

Archibald Douglas
Archibald Douglas (1489?-1557), 6th Earl, Son Of George, Master Of Douglas, Who Was Killed At Flodden, Succeeded On His Grandfather's Death. By His Marriage In 1514 To His Second Wife, The Queen Dowager, Margaret Of Scotland, Sister Of Henry Viii., He Aroused The Jealousy Of The Nobles. In The Civil ...

Archibald Douglas_2
Archibald Douglas 8th Earl, And Earl Of Morton, Was The Son Of David, 7th Earl. He Succeeded To The Title And Estates In 1558. In 1573 He Was Made A Privy Councillor And Sheriff Of Berwick, In 1574 Lieutenant-general Of Scotland, In Warden Of The West Marches And Steward Of ...

Architecture
Architecture. Recent Scientific Researches Have Shown That Seeds That Have Been Embedded With The Barnyard Refuse Used In Making Adobe Are Preserved Indefinitely. Consequently, By Dissolving Out Seeds Contained In Adobes From The Walls Of Old Buildings Whose Date Of Erection Is Known, The Approximate Date Of Introduction Of Various ...

Arthur Annesley Anglesey
Anglesey, Arthur Annesley, I St Earl Of (1614-1686), British Statesman, Son Of The 1st Viscount Valentia (cr. 1621), Born At Dublin On July Io, 1614, Was Educated At Magdalen College, Oxford, And Admitted To Lincoln's Inn In He Was Commissioned By The English Parliament In A Mission To The Duke ...

Arthur I Agarde
Agarde, Arthur (i ), English Antiquary. As A Member Of The Society Of Antiquarians, He Prepared Papers For Its Meetings On Such Subjects As The Origin Of Parliament, The Office And Privileges Of Heralds, Six Of These Essays Being Printed, After His Death, In Thomas Hearne's 'collection Of Curious Dis ...

Artillery Ammunition
Artillery Ammunition Types Of Projectiles.—twogeneral Types Of Projectiles Are Used For Field, Siege And Coast Artillery Known As Shell And Shrapnel. Shell Are Made Of Steel And Are Filled With Low Explosives (black Powder), High Explosives (tnt) Or Chemicals. Low Ex Plosive Shell Produce Fragments Upon Explosion ; High Explosive ...

Arvid August Afzelius
Afzelius, Arvid August Swedish Poet, Historian And Mythologist. From 1828 Till His Death He Was Parish Priest Of Enkoping. He Collaborated With The Learned His Torian, Erik Gustaf Geijer, In The Great Collection Of Swedish F Olk Songs, Svenska Folkvisor F Ran F Orntiden (1814-1 6) . He Published Also ...

August Wilhelm Ambros
Ambros, August Wilhelm Distin Guished Musical Historian, Was Born At Vysoke Myto, Bohemia. From 185o Onwards He Became Well Known As A Critic And Essay Writer, And In 186o He Began Working On His Magnum Opus, His History Of Music, Which Was Published At Intervals From 1864 In Five Volumes, ...

Australian Alps
Alps, Australian, Term Applied Somewhat Loosely To The Mountain Massif Which Occupies The South-easternmost Corner Of Australia (eastern Victoria And South-eastern New South Wales). In A More Localized Sense It Is Applied To The Higher Ranges Which Stretch Across The Victoria–new South Wales Bound Ary And Form The Water-shed Between ...

Autpert Ambrose Ambroise
Ambrose (ambroise), Autpert (d. 778), French Benedictine Monk. He Became Abbe Of St. Vincent On The Vol Turno "in The Time Of Desiderius, King Of The Lombards." He Wrote Commentaries On The Apocalypse (see Bibl. Patrum, Xiii. 403), On The Psalms, On The Song Of Solomon; Lives Of Ss. Paldo, ...

B Del I Alcazar
Alcazar, B. Del (i Spanish Poet, Was Born At Seville. He Served Under The Marques De Santa Cruz And After Wards In The Households Of The Duque De Alcala And Of The Conde De Gelves. Alcazar Belonged To The Italianate School And Modelled Himself On Martial. The Grace And Cynicism ...

Bacteriology And Therapeutics Scientific
Pathology, Bacteriology And Therapeutics - Scientific Results Traceable To Animal Experiment. As Examples Of Knowledge Obtained In This Sphere By Animal Experiment The Following Instances May Be Named:— (1) Inflammation.—everychange In The Tissues During In Flammation—the Slowing Of The Blood Stream In The Capillary Ves Sels, The Escape Of The ...

Baldasarre Anna
Anna, Baldasarre, Italian Painter, Who Flourished During Part Of The 16th And 17th Centuries, Was Born At Venice, Probably About 156o, And Seems To Have Been Alive In 1639. He Studied Under Leonardo Corona, And Completed Sev Eral Works Left Unfinished By Him. The Old Guide-books And Descriptions Of Venice ...

Bart I Bald
Bald, Bart. (i I 92-186 7 ), Scottish Historian, Was Born At Kenley, Shropshire, England. His Father, Archibald Alison (1757-1839), Was The Author Of A Well-known Book Of Essays On The Nature And Principles Of Taste (179o) . The Son Was Edu Cated At Edinburgh University And Held Various High ...

Bartolomeo Ammanati
Ammanati, Bartolomeo Florentine Architect And Sculptor. He Designed Many Buildings In Rome, Lucca And Florence, An Addition To The Pitti Palace Being One Of His Most Celebrated Works. He Also Built The Beautiful Bridge Over The Arno, Known As Ponte Della Trinita. The Three Arches Are Elliptic, And, Though Very ...

Battle Of Amiens The
Battle Of Amiens - The Battle Of Bapaume–peronne This Operation Is Dealt With Here As It Formed The Immediate Sequel To The Battle Of Amiens, In The Scheme Of The British Of Fensive Leading Up To The Assault Of The Hindenburg Line. At The Time The Front Of Byng's 3rd ...

Battle Of Amiens
Amiens, Battle Of (1918). This Is The Name For The Offensive Of The British 4th And French 1st Army Under Sir Doug Las Haig's Orders, An Offensive Which, Launched By Surprise On Aug. 8, 1918, And Coming Close After The Allied Counterstroke On The Marne (see World War And Marne, ...

Benedetto Accolti
Accolti, Benedetto (1415-1466), Italian Jurist And Historian, Was Born At Arezzo, In Tuscany. He Was For Some Time Professor Of Jurisprudence In The University Of Florence, And In 1459 Became Chancellor Of The Florentine Republic. In Con Junction With His Brother Leonardo He Wrote In Latin A History Of The ...

Benjamin Altman
Altman, Benjamin ), American Merchant And Art Collector, Was Born In New York, N.y., July 12, 184o, Where He Was Educated And Achieved His Business Career. In 1905 He Erected A Large Store On Fifth Avenue Which, With The Addi Tions On Madison Avenue Built In 1913-14, Made His Establish ...

Bent Rector Vicar
Bent ; Rector; Vicar.) See J. Mirehouse, On Advowson (1824) ; Phillimore, Ecclesiastical Law; J. Bingham, Origines Ecclesiasticae, Or, The Antiquities Of The English Church (1838-40) . (p.) ...

Benzyl Alcohol Amyl Alcohols
Amyl Alcohols, Benzyl Alcohol, Butyl Alcohols, Methyl Alcohol And Propyl Alcohols. ...

Bernard Siegfried Albinus
Albinus, Bernard Siegfried Was Born At Frankfurt-on-the-oder, And From 1 718 To His Death On Sept. 9, I 7 70, Occupied The Chair Of Anatomy, Surgery And Medi Cine At Leyden. He Was The First To Show By Injections The Con Nection Of The Vascular Systems Of The Mother And ...

Bernardo Accolti
Accolti, Bernardo (1465-1536), Italian Poet, Born At Arezzo, Was The Son Of Benedetto Accolti. Known In His Own Day As L'unico Aretino, He Acquired Great Fame As A Reciter Of Impromptu Verse. He Was Listened To By Large Crowds, Composed Of The Most Learned Men And The Most Distinguished Prelates ...

Bertrand Andrieu
Andrieu, Bertrand (1761-1822), French Engraver Of Medals, Was Born At Bordeaux. He Is Considered To Have Re Stored The Art In France, Which Had Declined After The Time Of Louis Xiv.; And During The Last 20 Years Of His Life He Was Entrusted By The French Government With The Execution ...

Bog Of Allen
Allen, Bog Of, A Group Of Morasses In Kildare, King's County, Queen's County, And Westmeath, Ireland. Clane Bog, The Eastern Extremity, Is Within 17m. Of Dublin, And The Morasses Ex Tend Westward Almost To The Shannon. Their Total Area Is About 238,50o Acres. The Tract Of Country To Which The ...

Bonifacio Doze D Andrada
Andrada E Sylva, Bonifacio Doze D' (1765 '838), Brazilian Statesman And Naturalist, Was Born At Villa De Santos, Near Rio De Janeiro. In 1800 He Was Appointed Professor Of Geology At Coimbra, And Soon After Inspector-general Of The Portuguese Mines; In He Was Made Perpetual Secretary Of The Academy Of ...

Book Keeping And Accountants
And Accountants, Book-keeping.) As A Stock Exchange Term, "account" Is Used In Several Senses : (i) The Periodical Settlements Occurring, In London, Monthly For British Government And A Few Other First-class Securities, And Fortnightly For All Others. (2) The Period Between Two Settlements. A 19-day Account Is One In Which ...

Bushman Languages
Bushman Languages), But As A Result Of Intermixture With The Neighbouring Bantu Peoples They Have To A Great Ex Tent Lost Their Purity Of Race. The Hot Tentots Were Formerly Divided Into Four Main Sections—the Nama, Korana, Gonaqua And Old Cape Hottentots—but Of These The Only Relatively Compact Group To-day ...

Cambodia Bibliography A H
Cambodia.) Bibliography.-a. H. Mouhot, Travels In Indo-china, 2 Vols. Bibliography.-a. H. Mouhot, Travels In Indo-china, 2 Vols. (1864) ; E. M. L. Doudart De Lagree, Voyage D'exploration En Indo Chine, 2 Vols. (1373) ; L. Delaporte, Voyage Au Cambodge: L'archi Tecture Khmer (188o) ; J. Moura, Le Royaume De Cambodge, ...

Carl Lucas Alsberg
Alsberg, Carl Lucas ), American Bio Chemist, Was Born In New York City, On April 2, 1877. He Gradu Ated At Columbia University In 1896 And From The College Of Physicians And Surgeons In 190o. Following Three Years' Study In 1900-03 At The Universities Of Berlin And Strassburg, Germany, He ...

Carpe
Carpe (1794-1854), French Dramatist And Litterateur, Was Born At Havre, Feb. 9 1794, And Died In Paris Sept. 7 1854. His Best-known Plays Were Louis Ix. (1819), Le Maire Du Palais (1825) And Maria Padilla (1838). ...

Carrier
Carrier Studies An Important Factor In The Application Of Flying Machines To Naval Warfare. The Question Of Aircraft Terminals And Accommodation Is Treated In The Articles Aerodrome And Airship Sheds. For Engine Details See The Articles Aero-engine, Internal Combustion Engines And Airscrew. The Practical Navigation Of Aircraft And Their Employment ...

Cartagena
Cartagena (1396-1456), A Spanish Historian, Was Born At Cartha Gena, Succeeded His Father, Paulus, As Bishop Of Burgos, And Was Sent By John Ii. Of Castile To The Council Of Basle In 1431. His Principal Work Is Rerum Hispanorum Romanorum Im Peratorum, Summorum Ponti Ficum, Nec Non Regum Francorum Anaceplialeosis, ...

Census Of Agriculture Great
Census Of Agriculture - Great Britain In Great Britain An Agricultural Census Was First Taken In Con Nection With The Census Of Production Act, 1906. Under This Act Compulsory Powers Were Given To The Board Of Trade To Obtain Returns Of The Output Of All Industries, But Agriculture Was Ex ...

Census Of Agriculture The
Census Of Agriculture - The United States The First Satisfactory Census Of Agriculture In The United States Was Taken In 185o. Beginning With This Date, The Farm Census, Cov Ering A Gradually Increasing Number Of Items, Has Been Taken In Connection With Each Decennial Census Of Population Up To And ...

Census Of Agriculture
Agriculture, Census Of. The Term "census" Originally Was Restricted To A Periodical Enumeration Of The Popu Lation Of A Country By Its Government, But Its Significance Has Widened. It Is Now Applied To Any Systematic Statistical Enquiry, On A Wide Scale, Into The Economic Or Sociological Conditions Of The Population ...

Census Of Culture
Culture, Census Of) . ...

Centa
Centa), And This Region Is The Cloaca Into Which The Aliment Ary, Urinary And Generative Ca Nals Or Ducts All Open, But Later Two Lateral Folds Appear Which, By Their Union, Divide The Cloaca Into A Ventral And A Dorsal Part, The Former Being Genito Urinary And The Latter Alimentary ...

Chambers Of Agriculture
Agriculture, Chambers Of. The Central Cham Ber Of Agriculture In Great Britain Was F Ounded In 1866 Simul Taneously With The Formation Of Local Chambers In The Country. These Were Combined Into One Association, Known As The Central And Associated Chambers Of Agriculture. The Objects Of The Association Are To ...

Charles Ancillon
Ancillon, Charles (1659-1715), One Of A Distin Guished Family Of French Protestants, Was Born On July 28 1659, At Metz. His Father, David Ancillon (1617-1692), Was Obliged To Leave France On The Revocation Of The Edict Of Nantes, And Became Pastor Of The French Protestant Community In Berlin. Charles Ancillon ...

Charles Christopher Adams
Adams, Charles Christopher (1873– ), American Zoologist, Born In Clinton, July 23, 1873. He Gradu Ated From Illinois Wesleyan University In 1895, Received The Degree Of Master Of Science From Harvard University In 1899 And Of Doctor Of Philosophy From The University Of Chicago In 1908. He Was Assistant In ...

Charles De Valois Angouleme
Angouleme, Charles De Valois, Duke Of Natural Son Of Charles Ix. Of France By Marie Touchet, Was Bon.. At Fayet, Dauphine, April 28 1573. His Mother Married Francois De Balzac, Marquis D'entragues, And One Of Her Daughters, Henriette, Marquise De Verneuil, After Wards Became The Mistress Of Henry Iv. Charles, ...

Charles Ernest Acker
Acker, Charles Ernest (1868-192o), American In Ventor And Manufacturer, Was Born In Bourbon, Ind., On March 19, 1868. Following His Graduation At Cornell University In 1888 He Practised Electrical Engineering In Chicago, Ill., Until 1893. He Originated A Process For Making Caustic Soda From Molten Salt By Electrolysis, And Established ...

Charles Follen Adams
Adams, Charles Follen , American Humorous Poet, Was Born In Dorchester, Mass., April 21, 1842. He Received A Common School Education. Early In The Civil War He Entered The Union Army And At Gettysburg Was Wounded And Taken Prisoner. In 1872 He Began Writing Verses In German Dia Lect, Chiefly ...

Charles Francis Adams
Adams, Charles Francis American Diplomatist, Son Of John Quincy Adams, And Grandson Of John Adams, Was Born In Boston (mass.) Aug. 18, 1807. His Father, Having Been Appointed Minister To Russia, Took Him In 1809 To St. Petersburg, Where He Acquired A Perfect Familiarity With French, Learning It As His ...

Charles Francis Adams_2
Adams, Charles Francis (1866— ), Secretary Of The Navy In President Hoover's Cabinet, Was Born In Quincy, Mass., August 2, 1866, Great-grandson Of John Quincy Adams, 6th President, And Great-great-grandson Of John Adams, 2nd Pres Ident Of The United States; A.b., Harvard, 1888; Ll.b., 1892; Admitted To Suffolk Bar 1893. ...

Charles Greeley Abbot
Abbot, Charles Greeley (1872— ), American Astrophysicist, Was Born In Wilton, N.h., On May 31, 1872. He Graduated In 1894 From The Massachusetts Institute Of Technology, And After A Year Of Graduate Study There Joined The Staff Of The Astrophysical Observatory Of The Smithsonian Institution. Here He Served First As ...

Charles Kendall Adams
Adams, Charles Kendall American Educator And Historian, Was Born In Derby, Vt., On Jan. 24, He Graduated In 1861 At The University Of Michigan, Where He Was Instructor Of History In 1862, Assistant Professor Of History In 1863-67 And Professor Of History In 1868-85. From 1885 To 1892 He Was ...

Charles Mc Lean Andrews
Andrews, Charles Mc Lean ), Ameri Can Educator And Historian, Was Born In Weathersfield, Conn., On Feb. 22, 1863. He Was Educated At Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., Graduating In 1884, And At Johns Hopkins University He Received The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy In 1889. He Was As Sociate Professor ...

Charles Xavier Joseph De
Abancourt, Charles Xavier Joseph De Franqueville D' (1758-1792), French Statesman, Was Louis Xvi.'s Last Minister Of War (july 1792), And Organized The Defence Of The Tuileries For Aug. 1o. He Was Arrested For Treason To The Nation And Sent To Orleans To Be Tried. At The End Of August The ...

Chemical Affinity
Affinity, Chemical, The Property Or Relation In Virtue Of Which Substances Are Capable Of Entering Into Chemical Combination With Each Other. (see Chemistry ; Chemical Action ; Valency.) ...

Chemistry
Chemistry] ). Diamines.—thediamines Contain Two Amino-groups And Are Of Importance Because Two Of Them Are Identical With The Pto Maines Produced By The Putrefactive Action Of Bacteria On Albumen And Other Related Substances. Ethylenediamine, May Be Prepared By Heating Ethylene Dibromide With Alcoholic Am Monia To 100° C (f. S. ...

Chemistry_2
Chemistry). Salts.—ammonium Fluoride, Nh,f, May Be Obtained By Neutral Izing Ammonia With Hydrofluoric Acid ; It Has A Sharp Saline Taste, And The Crystals Are Very Soluble In Water; It Decomposes Silicates On Being Heated With Them. It Is A Powerful Preservative. Ammonium Chloride, Nh,c1. (see Sal-ammoniac.) Ammonium Bromide, Nh,br, ...

Cherkess Adigei
Adigei, Cherkess, Autonomous Area In The North Caucasian Region Of The R.s.f.s.r., Created July, 1922. It Is A Narrow Strip Of Territory Lying North And South Of Lat. 45° And Curving South At About Long. 41 ° E., Forming An Autonomous Island In The North Caucasian Area, Mainly Along The ...

Christoph Friedrich Von Ammon
Ammon, Christoph Friedrich Von (1766 1850), German Theological Writer And Preacher, Was A Very Voluminous Author. His Principal Theological Work Was The Fort Bildung Des Christenthums Zur W Eltreligion (leipzig, Entwurf Einer Reinbiblischen Theologie Appeared In 1792 (2nd Ed. 1801) ; Summa Theologiae Christianae In 1803 (other Eds., 1808, 1816, ...

Christoval De Acuna
Acuna, Christoval De (1597—c. 1676), Spanish Jesuit Missionary And Explorer, Was Born At Burgos In 1597. He Was Sent On Mission Work To Chile And Peru, Where He Became Rector Of The College Of Cuenca. In 1639 He Accompanied Pedro Texiera In His Second Exploration Of The Amazon, In Order ...

Civil Gation Aviation
Gation ; Aviation, Civil.) Number Of Planes.—the Appearance Of Aeroplanes In Front And Side Elevation Is More Varied Than That In Plan, Owing Mainly To The Use Of One Or More Planes. As Many As Four Planes Have Been Used On Aeroplanes, But The Great Majority Of Existing Ma Chines ...

Civilization
Civilization The Evidence, Summarized Above, Though Very Various And Voluminous, Is Not Yet Sufficient To Answer All The Questions Which May Be Asked As To The Origin, Nature And History Of This Civiliza Tion, Or To Answer Any But A Few Questions With Absolute Certainty. ...

Clarence Walworth Alvord
Alvord, Clarence Walworth American Educator And Historical Scholar, Was Born In Greenfield, Mass., May 21, 1868. He Graduated From Williams College In And Pursued Further Studies At The Universities Of Berlin, Chicago And Illinois, From The Last Mentioned Of Which He Received In 1908 The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy. ...

Classification Of Algae
Classification Of Algae The Various Classes Of Algae Are Essentially Distinguished By The Pigments In Their Chromatophores, The Kinds Of Reserve-foods Stored After Photosynthesis, And The Nature Of Their Reproduc Tive Structures. They Are :—i. Isokontae (chlorophyceae), The Green Algae; Ii. Charales, The Stoneworts; Iii. Heterokontae, The Yellow-green Algae; Iv. ...

Claude Jean Allouez
Allouez, Claude Jean (1622-1689), French Jesuit Missionary To The Indians Of North America, Was Born In St. Didier, France, On June 6, 1622. At The Age Of 17 He Entered The Jesuit Novitiate At Toulouse And, Upon Completion Of Student Life At Rodez In 1656, He Was Appointed Preacher. In ...

Clement Adams
Adams, Clement (1519?-1587), English Author. He Is Supposed To Have Been Tutor To The Royal Pages At Greenwich. His Anglorum Navigatio Ad Moscovitas Is An Account Of The Journey To Moscow Made By Chancellor And Willoughby In 1553, And An English Translation Was Printed By Hakluyt In His Prin Cipal ...

Cleveland Abbe
Abbe, Cleveland (1838-1916), American Meteorolo Gist And Astronomer, Was Born In New York City On Dec. 3, 1838. His Training As Astronomer Under B. A. Gould, Briinnow And Struve (pulkova, 1865-66) And Work At The U.s. Naval Observa Tory Developed His Interest In Weather Changes. As Director Of The Cincinnati ...

Clodius Aesopus
Aesopus, Clodius, Roman Tragedian, Flourished In The First Century B.c. Cicero Was On Friendly Terms With Him. Aesopus Made A Last Appearance In 55 B.c.-when Cicero Tells Us That He Was Advanced In Years—on The Occasion Of The Splendid Games Given By Pompey At The Dedication Of His Theatre. Horace ...

Com Albategnius Mohammed Ben
Albategnius (mohammed Ben Gebir Al Batani, Com Monly Called Albategnices) (c. 850-929), An Arab Prince And Astronomer, Was Born At Batan In Mesopotamia. From His Obser Vations At Aracte And Damascus, Where He Died, He Was Able To Cor Rect Some Of Ptolemy's Results, Previously Taken On Trust. He Compiled ...

Compounds Of Aluminium
Compounds Of Aluminium Aluminium And Oxygen.—aluminium (which Is Trivalent) Forms One Oxide—alumina . A Film Of This Oxide Normally Covers The Metal And Upon This Its Character, Its Behaviour Under Chemical Attack, Indeed Its Whole Utility May Be Said To Depend. Generally Invisible, The Film May Be Seen If A ...

Conference Of Ambassadors
Ambassadors, Conference Of. The Term Has Been Used In Times Past To Denote The Sessions Or Reunions Of Am Bassadors At A Certain Centre, Generally For The Period Of The Exe Cution Of A Treaty. The Best Example Of This Is The Ambassadors' Conference Which Sat At Paris And Vienna ...

Congresses Of Aix La Chapelle
Aix-la-chapelle, Congresses Of. Three Con Gresses Have Met At Aix-la-chapelle—in 1668, In I748 And In 1818. 1. The Treaty Of 1viay 2, 1668, Which Ended The War Of Devo Lution, Was The Outcome Of That Of St. Germain Signed On April Is By France And The Representatives Of The Triple ...

Constantin Von Alvensleben
Alvensleben, Constantin Von Prussian General, Was Born On Aug. 26, 1809, At Eichenbarleben In Prussian Saxony, And Entered The Prussian Guards From The Cadet Corps In 1827. He Served With Distinction In The Campaign Of 1866. In 187o, On The Outbreak Of War With France, Von Alvensleben Succeeded Prince Frederick ...

Constituents Of Alloys
Constituents Of Alloys With So Many Alloys, Each Having Its Special Properties And Internal Structure, And With Countless Possible Combinations, The Need For Scientific As Well As Industrial Classification Is Apparent. The Study Of The Constitution And Crystalline Structure Of Alloys By Means Of The Microscope (q.v.), X-ray Spectrometer, Thermal ...

Contagious Abortion
Abortion, Contagious, An Infective Disease Of Cat Tle, Horses And Sheep Which Frequently Causes Premature Birth In Otherwise Healthy Pregnant Females. In Great Britain The Condi Tion Is Most Frequent And Of Greatest Economic Importance In Cattle. ...

Cows
Cows : In Market Milk Such Wide Variations Are Not So Liable To Occur As The Milk From One Animal Tends To Average That From Another. The Average Composition Of Genuine Milk Supplied By One Of The Largest Dairy Companies In London, As Established By The Analysis Of 120,000 Separate ...

Cristofano Allori
Allori, Cristofano (1577-1621), Italian Portrait Painter Of The Florentine School, Was The Son Of Alessandro Allori (1535—i 607), And Was Brought Up And Trained In Art By His Uncle, Angelo Bronzino (q.v.). Cristofano, Who Was Born At Florence, Received His First Lessons In Painting From His Father, But Becoming Dissatisfied ...

Cunningham
Cunningham, •text•book Of Anatomy," Courtesy Of Oxford Medical Publications Fig. 3.-circular Folds In The Mucous Membrane Of The Small Fig. 3.-circular Folds In The Mucous Membrane Of The Small Intestine That Increase The Secretory And Absorbent Surface Right Side. They Are Known As The Plicae Recti Or Valves O F ...

Cyril Argentine Alington
Alington, Cyril Argentine ), Brit Ish Educationist And Wrter, Was Born In Ipswich, Oct. 22 1872, And Educated At Marlborough College And Trinity College, Ox Ford. In I9o8 He Was Appointed Headmaster Of Shrewsbury School And In 1916 Succeeded His Brother-in-law, Edward Lyttel Ton, As Headmaster Of Eton. Dr. Alington ...

Cyrus Adler
Adler, Cyrus (1863- ), American Scholar And Edu Cator, Was Born In Van Buren, Ark., On Sept. 13, -1863. He Graduated At The University Of Pennsylvania In 1883 And Received The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy In 1887 From Johns Hopkins University, In Which, From 1884 To 1893, He Was ...

Dame Emma Albani
Albani, Dame Emma, Née Lajevnesse (1852-1930), Celebrated Canadian Singer, Who Was Born In Chambly, Quebec. 'whether Alba Means "white" Is Very Doubtful: It Is More Probably Derived From The Root Alp. On Nov. 1, 1852. She Made Her First Public Appearance In Mont Real, At The Age Of Seven, And ...

Dations Of Maximaand
Limit ; Linear Algebras ; Logarithms ; Mathematics , Dations Of ; Maxima And Minima ; Number ; Number Quences ; Numbers, Theory Of ; Polynomial; Probability ...

David Abercromby
Abercromby, David, A 17th Century Scottish Physi Cian. His Nova Medicinae Praxis Was Reprinted After His Death In Paris (1740). His Tuta Ac Efficax Luis Venereae Saepe Absque Mercurio Ac Semper Absque Salivatione Mercuriali Curando Methodus (1684) Was Translated Into French, Dutch And German. In His Discourse On Wit (1685) ...

David Allan
Allan, David (1744-1796), Scottish Historical Painter, Was Born At Alloa. On Leaving Foulis's Academy Of Painting At Glasgow (1762) Lord Cathcart And Erskine Of Mar Furnished Him With The Means Of Proceeding To Rome (1764), Where He Remained For A Number Of Years. Returning From Rome In 1777, He Lived ...

David Hayes Agnew
Agnew, David Hayes (1818-1892), American Sur Geon, Was Born In Lancaster County, Pa., On Nov. 24, 1818. He Graduated From The Medical Department Of The University Of Penn Sylvania In 1838, And A Few Years Later Set Up In Practice At Phila Delphia And Became A Lecturer At The Philadelphia ...

De Alva Stanwood Alexander
Alexander, De Alva Stanwood American Lawyer And Political Historian, Was Born In Richmond, Me., On July 17, 1845. He Enlisted In The Union Army In 1862 And Served Until The End Of The Civil War. Following His Gradua Tion At Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me., In 187o, He Was Editor Of ...

Denis Auguste Affre
Affre, Denis Auguste ( 793-1848) , Archbishop Of Paris, Was Born At Saint-rome-de-tarn, On Sept. 27 1793. He Became Archbishop Of Paris In 1840. His Episcopate Is Chiefly Remembered For Its Tragic Close. During The Riots Of June 23-26, 1848, The Archbishop Mounted A Barricade In The Faubourg St. Antoine ...

Diego De Almagro
Almagro, Diego De (c. 1470-1538), Spanish Con Quistador; A Foundling, Born In Spain About 147o. In 1526, He Contracted With Francisco Pizarro (q.v.) An Equal Partnership In The Conquest Of Peru. Pizarro Immediately Assumed The Prece Dence; Almagro Was Delegated To Provide Reinforcements And Supplies. He Arrived In Peru In ...

Diffusion Of Ancestor Worship
Diffusion Of Ancestor-worship The Custom Is Found Among Peoples Very Widely Distributed, And In All Grades Of Culture. It Is Not, However, So Nearly Universal As Either The Fear Of Ghosts Or The Cult Of Supernatural Beings Of Some Kind. Thus, The Ancestors Of Totemic Tribes Are Themselves Totems; But ...

Diseases Of The Alimentary
Alimentary System, Diseases Of The. Great Advance In Our Knowledge Of These Diseases During Recent Years May Be Attributed Chiefly To Three Factors : ) The Opportunities Of Observation Afforded By The Performance Of Surgical Operations On The Abdomen—the Study, As It Has Been Termed, Of "the Pathol Ogy Of ...

Distribution Of Weight Aeroplane
Distribution Of Weight - Aeroplane Or Airplane. Figure 6 Illustrates The Relative Proportions Of The Total Weight Taken Up By The Various Sections Into Which It Is Convenient To Divide The Component Parts. The Figures Apply To An Average Com Mercial Aeroplane Of Moderate Size. The Distribution Of Weight Varies ...

Dom Francisco De Almeida
Almeida, Dom Francisco De (c. The First Viceroy Of Portuguese India, Was Born In Lisbon About The Middle Of The 5th Century. In March I5o5, Having Received From Emmanuel I. The Appointment Of Viceroy Of The Newly Conquered Territory In India, He Set Sail From Lisbon In Command Of A ...