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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 16

Ethnic Psychology
Psychology, Ethnic, Or Ethnopsycitol Ocr. A Department Of Psychology As Yet Hardly Susceptible Of Exact Definition. We May Describe It. Provisionally. As The Individual Psychology Of Races, Tribes, Or Peoples. While It Seeks To Analyze And Depict The Mental Peculiarities Of Societies Of Communities, Still It Is Not Concerned, As ...

Ethnology
Ethnology. The Portuguese Are The Longest Headed People In Europe (cranial Index. 75-77). In Stature They Are Below The Average M. Or 5 Feet 3 Inches To 5 Feet Inches In The South And An Inch Taller In The North). Blond Hair Is Practically Absent. Black Hair Is Pos Sessed ...

Experimental Psychology
Psychology, Experimental. A Compre Hensive Term For Those Phases Of Mental Science Which Are Variously Called 'the Physiological And It May Be Defined As The Exact Science Of Mind (see Psvcnologi), And As Such Is Not A Department Of Nate With Other Departments, But Rather A Chology Dominated By A ...

Finances
Finances. Prussia Ha- A Highly -cientifie And Satisfactory Revenue -y-tem. Taxation, Though Somewhat Burdensome. I- Very Equitably Distrib Uted. Direct Taxes Bring In Nearly 10 Per Cent. Of The Revenue From All Sources An! 71 Per Cent. Of The Entire Tax Revenue. The Principal Direct Tax Is The Progre—ive Income ...

Fixtures
Fixtures. The Various Faucets, Sinks, And Other Similar Appliances Connected With A Plumb Ing System Are Called Fixtures. Faucets, Cocks, Or Valves Are Provided At Each Place Where Water Is To He Drawn. (see Vai.ves.) It Is Important. That These Should Be Of High Grade To Prevent Leakage. Sinks Are ...

Food And Feeding Valve
Food And Feeding Valve, When A Section Of The Potato Is Carefully Examined, It Will Be Seen To Consist Of Three More Or Less Well-defined Por Tions, Namely, The Skin, Cortical Or Fibro-vaseular Layer, And The Flesh, Which Is Made Up Of The Outer And Inner Medullary Layers. The Cortical ...

France
France. The French Revolution. By The Im Pulse That It Gave To The Growth Of Democracy, Introduced Political Parties In Continental Eu Rope. (for The Revolutionary Parties In France, See The Articles Feuillants ; Girondists ; Jaco Bins.) With The Restoration There Appeared The Two Monarchist Parties—the Constitutional Monarchists And ...

Franz Josef Land
Franz Josef Land. Two Austrians, C. Wey Precht And J. Paver, Opened This Route While Exploring The Barents Sea. Their Ship, Tegetthof, Beset In 76° 22' N., 63° E., Drifted Northward For A Year, And In August, 1873. They Saw The South Shores Of Franz Josef Land, Where The Ship ...

Freedom Of The Press
Press, Freedom Of The. The Immunity Of The Printing Press From Responsibility To The Government For The Character Of The Matter Which It Publishes Except In The Case Of Matter Deemed Libelous. (see Libel.) In The Early History Of The Printing Press No Such Immunity Was Recognized, And It Became ...

Gaius Asinius Pollio
Pol'lio, Gaius Asinius. A Roman Orator, Politician, Soldier, And Author Of Considerable Merit. He Was Born In Rome B.c. 76, But Be Longed To A Family Of Marrusinian Descent. When Civil War Broke Out Between Cies:1r And Pompeius, Pollio Sided With The Former, Was Present At The Crossing Of The ...

Geographical Distribution Of Rain
Geographical Distribution Of Rain. As All Animal And Vegetable Life On The Earth's Surface Depends More Or Less Directly Upon The Quantity Of Rainfall And Its Distribution Throughout The Months Of The Year. Therefore The Geographical And Seasonal Distribution Of Rain Claims Ono• First Attention. From The Preceding Section It ...

Geology And Mineral Resources
Geology And Mineral Resources. The Island Has Three Geological Elements: (1) A Central Sys Tem Of Deeply Ribbed And Corrugated Mountain: With V-shaped Gorges And Ridges; (2) Lower Hills Along The North And South Coasts; (3) Coastal Plains With Alluvial Soil Extending From The Foot Of The Central Mountains Across ...

George
George Was Francis Ii., Prince Of Vania, Born In 1676. His Father, Francis I., Was Elected Prince Of Transylvania, But Never Assumed The Office, And Died Soon After His Son's Birth. Francis Ii. Was A Protestant, Married A Princess Of Hesse, And In 1701 Was Imprisoned On An Accusation Of ...

George Edward 1825 75 Pickett
Pick'ett, George Edward (1825-75). An American Soldier, Born In Richmond. Va. He Graduated At West Point In 1846, Served In The Mexican War, And Was Brevetted First Lieutenant For Gallantry At Contreras And Churnbuseo, And Captain For His Conduct At Clmpultepec. Ile Be Came First Lieutenant In 1849 And Captain ...

George Henry 1816 85 Preble
Preble, George Henry (1816-85). An American Naval Officer, Born At Portland. Me. He Entered The United States Navy As A Midship Man In 1835, And During The War With Mexico Participated In The Operations Along The Gulf Coast Of That Country. In 1s53 He Was Assigned To The Macedonian, One ...

George Lewis 1816 1903prentiss
Prentiss, George Lewis ( 1816-1903). An American Clergyman. He Was Born At Gorham, Me., Graduated At Bowdoin College In 1835, And Taught For A Year In Gorham Academy. Follow Ing This He Went Abroad And Spent Two Years At The Universities Of Halle And Berlin. After A Period In England, ...

Germany
Germany. Germany With Its More Than Three Hundred States, Loosely Held Together In The Empire, And Seeking Blindly To Realize German Nationality, Always Pulling Hard Against The Assertions Of Papal Authority And Of The Emperor, Who Represented Hapsburg Rather Than German Interests. Was In The Sixteenth Century In A Favor ...

Gionanni Pisano
Pisano, Gionanni (c.1•350.13°_0). One Of The Greatest Sculptors Of Inetra•ral Italy. He Was A Son Of Niceola Pisano, And Was Probably Burn At %%la Re He Entered His Father's Workshop As 11is Earliest Recorded Work Is His Share In The Superb Pulpit At Siena (1266-67). Rsee Pisa No, Niceol.a.) The ...

Giovanni Antonio Da 14s3
Pordenone, Giovanni Antonio Da (14s3 1539). A Venetian Painter Of The High Renais Sance. He Is Sometimes Wrongly Called Licinio. His Family Name Was Sacchi, And He Usually Called Himself Pordenone, After His Native Town In Friuli. He Studied At Udine, And Was Engaged In Painting In The Churches Of ...

Gonzalo Pizarro
Pizarro, Gonzalo (c.1505-48). A Spanish Conquistador, Brother Of Francisco .pizarro. He Was Active In Assisting His Brother In The Con Quest Of Peru, And After His Escape From Al Magro, Who Threatened To Execute Him (see Preceding Article), Fought In Chat-ens, And In 1539 Became Governor Of Quito. Be Was ...

Government
Government. The Present Constitution Of Portugal Consists Of The Constitutional Charter, Granted By King Pedro Iv. April 29, 1826, The Additional Acts Of July 5, 1852, Of July 24, 1885, And Of March 28 And September 25, 1895. The Form Of Government Is That Of A Representative Constitutional Monarchy, With ...

Government
Government. The Present Constitution Of Prussia Is A Written Instrument And One Of The Products Of The Revolutionary Events Of Is4s. It Was Promulgated By The King In 1s50 And Has Since Been Modified By Various Royal Decrees. It Prescribes A Number Of Limitations In Behalf Of In Dividual Liberty ...

Great Britain
Great Britain. The Four Chief Political Par Ties In Great Britain At The Present Time Are The Conservatives, The Liberals, The Irish Parlia Mentary Or Home Rule Party, And The Liberal Unionists. The Conservatives And The Liberals Are The Lineal Descendants Of The Old Tories And Whigs, And Although Their ...

Greece
Greece. There Has Never Been In Greece A Division Of The Voting Population Into Great Parties On Great Political Issues, But In Modern Greece, As In Ancient Greece, The Grouping Has Been Rather That Of Factional Followers Of Some Strong Political Leader. In The Frequent Change Of Its Ministries Greece ...

Guns
Guns. Cannon For Firing At Moving Objects And For Delivering A Heavy Fire At Critical Periods Of An Engagement. The De Sired Rapidity Of Fire Is Obtained By Using Fixed Ammunition; That Is, Ammunition In Which The Projectile And Charge Are Put Up In One Piece. After The Limit Of ...

Henry Purcell
Pur'cell, Henry (c.1058-95). One Of The Most Eminent Of English Musicians. He Was Born At Westminster, And Was The Son Of Henry Purcell, One Of The Gentlemen Of The Chapel Royal Appointed At The Restoration. He Lost His Father At The Age Of Six, And Was Indebted For His Musical ...

Historical Sketch
Historical Sketch. The Earliest Authentic Record Of A Displacement Pump, O• Of Any Im Provement Over The Water Lifts, Seems To Be A Description Of The Force Pump Of Ctesibius Of Alexandria, In Hero's Spiritalia. Two Single Acting Vertical Pumps Were Operated Alternately By A Common Beam, Or Brake, And ...

History
History. As Early As 1730 The Confluence Of The Allegheny And The Is.lonongabela Rivers Be Came A Centre Of Trading Operations With The Indians. France And England Were Rival Claim Ants To The Region, And On The English Side Both Pennsylvania And Virginia Asserted Jurisdiction. Mihe On His Mission To ...

History
History. What Later Became Portugal Was Inhabited In Prehistoric Times By A Branch Of The Celtiberian Race, Made Up Of The Native Iberian Stock Of The Peninsula And The Immigrant Celts. Greek Colonies Were Planted At The Mouths Of The Three Rivers, The Tagus. The Douro, And The Minho —the ...

History_2
History. Nothing: Definite Is Known About The Foundation Of Prague. As The Residence Of The Kings The Town Played A Prominent Part In The Early History Of Bohemia. The Altstadt Obtained Municipal Rights And Was Surrounded With Walls In The First Half Of The Thirteenth Century. The Neustadt Was Established ...

Hotel De Rambouillet
Rambouillet, Hotel De. The House Which, Toward The Middle Of The Seventeenth Century, Was The Most Famous Meeting-place Of The Cultivated Society Of Paris. The Hotise Itself Had Previously Been Known As The Hotel Pisini, The Residence Of The Of That Name, Whose Daughter, Catherine De Vivonne, Received It As ...

Ice Making
Ice-making. One Of The Most Important Appli Cations Of Refrigeration Is The Manufacture Of Artificial Ice. There Are Several Methods Of Ice Manufacture Practiced Oonnurcially, And Each Of These Will Be Briefly Described. And, Afterward,, A More Detailed Description Will Be Presented Of One Of The Most Popular Atom Iota ...

Iienri De Regnier
Regnier, Iienri De (1864—). A French Poet. Born In Hontleur (calvados), And Educated In Paris At The College Staid-las. The Series Of Sonnets, Entitled Sites ), Which First Brought The Poet To Public Notice, Were Essential Ly Classic And Correct. A New Manner. New Metres, And The Sparing Use Of ...

Impeller
Impeller Pumrs Include The Centrifu Gal And The Jet Types. Centrifugal Pumps, In Their Simplest Form, Consist Of A Series Of Van E S, O• Blades, Mounted Radially On An Axis, And Inclosed In A Chamber. The Centrifugal Action Of The Revolving Blades Throws The W A T E R ...

Increase
Increase. At No Time Since Recorded History Began Has The Increase Of Population Been So Rapid As During The Nineteenth Century. Espe Cially The Second Half Of It, When The Outflow Of People From Western Europe To America. Aus Tralia. And South Africa Added Great Numbers To The Population Of ...

Israel 1718 90 Putnam
Putnam, Israel ( 1718-90), An American Soldier, Prominent In The French And Indian And The Revolutionary Wars. Ile Was Horn In Old Salem Village (now Danvers), Mass.; Removed To Pomfret. Conn., In 1740, And Became A Farmer And Wool-grower There. In The Winter Of 1742 43, According To Tradition. He ...

James Smith Reid
Reid, James Smith (1846—). An English Classicist, Born At Sorn, Ayrshire, Scotland, And Educated At The City Of London School And Christ's College, Cambridge. He Was Fellow Of Christ's College From 1870 To 1s72 And Classi Cal Lecturer From 1870 To 1880: Also Classical Lec Turer Of Pembroke College (1873-78 ...

Japan
Japan. Political Parties In Japan, In The Modern Sense, Can Be Said To Date Practically From The Promulgation Of The Constitution In 1889. Al Though The Political Groups From Which They Were Formed Have A Somewhat Earlier Beginning. In Their Origin They Are Developments Of The Four Old Clans (satsuma, ...

Joel Poinsett
Poin'sett, Joel Ronmas (1779-1851). An American Diplomatist And Official. Born At States Hurg. S. C. Ile Was Educated At Dr. Timothy Dwight's School At Greenfield, Conn., And In Great Britain, Studying Medicine At Edinburgh And Military Science At Woolwich. His Father Persuaded Him To Study Law, But Before Return Ing ...

Johann Friedrich 17521814
Reichardt, Johann Friedrich ( 1752 1814). A German Composer, Conductor, And Writer On Music, Born At Kiinigsberg. He Had Good Musical Training, And Studied Philosophy At Konigsberg And Leipzig. In 1775, Upon The Death Of Agricola, Lie Obtained The Position Of Kapell Meister At Berlin. During An Extended Leave Of ...

John 1584 1643 Pym
Pym, John ( 1584-1643 ) . An English Parlia Mentary Leader, Born At Brymore, In Somerset Shire. In 1599 He Entered What Is Now Pembroke College. Oxford, But Did Not Graduate, And In 1602 Entered The Middle Temple, Though He Was Never Admitted To The Bar. There Is Some Doubt ...

John 1748 1819 Playfair
Play'fair, John (1748-1819). An Lish Mathematician And Geologist, Born At Benvie. Be Was Taught By His Father Until He Was 14 Years Cf Age, When He Was Sent To Saint Andrews, Where He Made Rapid Progress, Especially In Math Ematics And Natural Philosophy, Graduating In 1765. He Entered The Ministry ...

John 1813 93 Rae
Rae, John (1813-93). An English Arctic Explorer, Born Near Stromners, In The Orkney Islands. He Studied Medicine At Edinburgh, And In 1833 Became Resident Surgeon At One Of The Stations Of The Hudson's Bay Company, Where The Greater Part Of His Time Was Devoted To Scientific Study. In 1846-47 He ...

John 1822 92 Pope
Pope, John (1822-92). An American Soldier. He Was Born At Louisville, Ky., And Was The Son Of Nathaniel Pope, Who For Many Years Was United States Judge For The District Of Illinois. He Graduated At West Point In 1842. After Graduation He Served As Brevet Second Lieutenant In The Topographical ...

John Anthony 1799 1858quitman
Quit'man, John Anthony ( 1799-1858). An American Soldier, Born At Rhinebeck, N. Y. He Attended Hartwich Academy, Otsego County, N. Y., And In 1816 Was Appointed A Tutor There. In 1818 He Was Appointed Adjunct Professor Of English In Mount Airy College, Germantown, Pa. He Determined To Study Law And ...

John Randolph
Randolph, John, Of Roanoke (1773 1833). An American Statesman, Born At Caw Sons In Chesterfield County, Va., June 2, 1773; Died In Philadelphia, June 24, 1833. Lie Was Descended From An Old And Wealthy Virginia Family, And Boasted That The Indian Princess Pocahontas Was One Of His Ancestors. Educated At ...

John Wesley 1834 1902 Powell
Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). An American Geologist And Anthropologist, Born At Mount Morris, N. Y. His Parents Came To The United States From England A Short Time Before His Birth, And His Early Childhood Was Passed In Ohio, Wisconsin, And Illinois. He Studied For A While In The Illinois College, ...

Joseph 1741 85 Reed
Reed, Joseph (1741-85). An Amctricau Patriot Of The Revolutionary Period. He Was Born At Trenton, N. J., August 27, 1741, And Graduated At The College Of New Jersey. Now Princeton, In 1757. From 1763 To 1765 He Studied Law In England, Being Entered At The :middle Tem Ple. He Then ...

Joseph Priestley
Priest'ley, Joseph ( 1733-1804i .• An Eng Lish Clergyman And Scientist. Lie Was Born At Fieldhead. Near Birstall, In Yorkshire, The Son Of Jonas Priestley, Woolen Cloth Dresser. At Six Years Of Age. Owing To His Mother's Death, He Was Adopted 'hy His Father's Sister. He Gave Every Evidence Of ...

Josiah 1744 75 Quincy
Quincy, Josiah ( 1744-75 ) . An American Patriot, Born In Boston, Mass., February 23, 1744. He Graduated At Harvard In 1763; Read Law With Oxenbridge Thacher, And Was Admitted To The Bar, Rising To A High Rank In His Profession. He Denounced The Stamp Act Through The Press And ...

Juan Ponce De Leon
Ponce De Leon, Juan (e.1460-1521). A Spanish) Governor Of Porto Rico And Discoverer Of Florida. He Was Born At San F!wrvas, In The Kingdom Of Leon. After Serving As Page To A Tutor Of The Royal Family. Juan Ponce In 1493 Went To America On The Second Voyage Of Colum ...

Judicial Committee
Judicial Committee. A High Tribunal, Com Posed Of Certain Members Of The Privy Council, Created By The Aet Of 3 And 4 Rif. Iv., Ch. 41, In 1833. It Was Given Jurisdiction Of All Appeals To His Majesty In Council. Which At That Time Included Appeals From The High Court ...

Julius So 6s Plucker
Plucker, Julius (]so]-6s). A German Mathematician And Physicist, Born At Elberfeld. After Holding Positions At The Uni Versities Of Halle And Berlin He Became Pro Fessor Of Mathematics At Bonn (1836). Plficker Produced Works Of Very Great Importance In The Field Of Analytic Geometry. In His Analy Tisch-geometrische Entwickelungen (2 ...

Karl Von Piloty
Piloty, Karl Von A German Historical Painter, Famous For Hay Ing Revived The Color Element In The Modern German School Of Painting. He Was Born In Niunich. October 1. 1826. The Son Of The Lithog Rapher Ferdinand Pitidy (1786-1844 ). A Ild Was First Instructed By His Father. Entering The ...

Knights Of Pythias
Pythias, Knights Of. A Fraternal And Beneficial Order Founded In Washington, D. C., In 1864, By Justus H. Rathbone And Five Associ Ates. Its Objects Are The Practice Of Friendship, Benevolence, And Charity Toward The Members. It Is Asserted That The Ritual, Which Is Mainly Rathbone's Work, Is Purely American. ...

Land And Scotland Ena
Ena,land And Scotland. It Has Long Been Asserted That There Was A Strong Popular Sup Port Among The Common People Of These Countries For The Reformation Ideas, Traceable Mainly To The Work Set On Foot By John Wielif, And That As Early As The Beginning Of Luther's Activity There Were ...

Law As To Public
Law As To Public Records. By The Common Law The General Public Had No Absolute Right To Examine Records Preserved By The Govern Mental Authorities. For Example, A Person Could Not Demand To See A Record Of Title To Real Estate Simply Because Be Desired To Make An Abstract Thereof ...

Lead Pipes
Lead Pipes Are Known To Have Heen Used At Babylon. Home, And Pompeii, And, Like All Lead Pipe Until Recent Times, Were Made From Sheets Of Lead Bent To A Pear-shaped Section. With The Horizontal Joint Welded Or Soldered. About, The Beginning Of The Sixteenth Century The Casting Of Lead ...

Legal Possession
Legal Possession. In Determining To What, Persons, And Under What Circumstances, The Legal Advantages Above Indicated Shall Be Accorded, Every Legal System Develops A More Or Less Arti Ficial Doctrine Of Possession. Persons Having Physical Possession Without The Legal Advantages Of Possession Are Not Legal Possessors; In Civil Law Terminology ...

Letitia 1712 501 Pilkington
Pilk'ington, Letitia (1712-501. An Irish Adventuress. Horn In Dublin. She Was The Daughter Of Dr. Van Lewen, And Married Mat Thew Pilkinoton. An Irish Clergyman, In 1729. Swift, Then Dean Of Saint In Dublin. Was Attracted By Her Vivacity And Ingenuous Manners. And Helped Her Improvident Hu-band To Get A ...

Liquefaction Process
Liquefaction Process. Liquefaction Is One Of The Most Ancient Methods Employed For Arti Ficial Cooling. The Reduction Of The Temperature Of Water By The Melting Of Saltpetre Is Said To Have Been Known In India At A Very Remote Period. The Romans Are Said To Have Cooled Wine By Immersing ...

Make Up
Make-up Is Done By Taking Composed Type From The Galley In Sufficient Quantity To Make A Page Of Prescribed Size. It Is Then Tied Up So That It Can He Safely Handled And Is Put Upon An Imposing-stone Or Iron-topped Table. When The Page Consists Of Several Columns, As In ...

Marcantonio Raimondi
Raimondi, Marcantonio The Chief Italian Line Engraver Of The Renaissance. The Year Of His Birth Is Unknown, But He Was A Native Of Bologna, Where He Studied Engraving Under Francia, Devoting Himself At First To Niello. At The Beginning Of The Fifteenth Century We Find Him Executing Line Engravings After ...

Marine
Marine Refefneratiox. Marine Refrigeration Embraces Generally The Operation Of Cold Stores And Ice-making Plants On Shipboard. These Are Merely Modifications Of The Plants Used On Land To Adapt Them To The Special Conditions Which Pre Vail On Shipboard. These Conditions Are Chiefly Limited Space And The Necessity Of Using A ...

Marital Condition
Marital Condition. The Relation Of The Popu Lation To The Social Institution Of Marriage Is Measured By Numbering The Classes Of The Single, The Married, The Widowed, And The Divorced. This Relation Depends Largely Upon The Age Composition Of The Population Group. The Great Majority Of Those Who Live To ...

Martin Alonso Pinzon
Pinzon, Martin Alonso (c.1440-93). A Spanish Navigator, Companion And Patron Of Columbus. He Was Born At Palos And Attained Distinction As A Bold And Skillful Sailor, Making Distant And Profitable Voyages As Far As The Guinea Coast. Through Fray Juan Perez De Marchena, Prior Of The Convent Of La Ritbida, ...

Matthew Prior
Pri'or, :matthew ). An English Poet And Diplomatist. Born July 21. 1664. Prob Ably In Wimborne. Doiset,hire. Where His Father Was A Joiner. The Family Moved To London, And The Young Prior Was Placed In Westminster School. Where He Formed A Life-long Friendship With Charles Montagu. Afterwards Earl I )f ...

Matthew Whitaker 1826 Ransom
Ransom, Matthew Whitaker (1826-). An American Soldier And Statesman, Born In War Ren County, N. C'. He Graduated At The Univer Sity Of North Carolina In 1847, And Was Admit Ted To The Bar In The Same Year. In 1852 He Was Presidential Elector On The Whig Ticket, And From ...

Michael Idvorsky Pupin
Pu'pin, Michael Idvorsky ( 1858— ). An American Physicist And Inventor, Born At Idvor, 1 Southern Hungary, Of Servian Ancestry. He Was Educated At The Village School Of His Native Town And At A Military School At Prague, And Came To America In 1874. He Entered Columbia College In 1879 ...

Mimicry
Mimicry. Many Butterflies Of The Group Heli Conithe Are Associated With Species Of Leptalis Belonging To Another Faunil• (pierida) Which Copy The Helieonid Butterflies In Form And Color, And Which, Probably Owing To A Bad Odor Secreted By Glands In The End Of The Body, Are Distasteful To Birds. It ...

Mineralogy And Mining
Mineralogy And Mining. The Province Is Favored With Large Mineral Resources. But Has Not Yet Reaped Any Great Benefit Therefrom. Like Ontario, Quebec Is Unfortunate In Not Posse-,ing Coal. The Tariff Levied By The United States Practically Prohibits The Exportation Of Ore Into That Country. The Southeast Portion Of The ...

Modern Civil Codes
Modern Civil Codes. In The Law Of Real Prop Erty, The Disappearance Of Feudal Tenures And The Conversion Of Peasant Holdings Either Into Ordinary Leaseholds O• Into Freeholds Has Prac Tically Reestablished The Simpler Roman Cate Gories. Political Power Has Been Separated Anew From Property Right, And There Is No ...

Motives Or Polar Besearcil
Motives Or Polar Besearcil Exploration In The Far North Has Been More Extensive Than That In The Far South, Chiefly Because The Arctic Is Much Nearer To The Great Maritime Nations And Its Waters Merge With Those Which In Modern Times Have Been The Predominant Highways Of ..ea Trade, The ...

Mountain Railways
Mountain Railways. The Term Mountain Railway Is Applied To Lines Whose Grades Are Too Steep To Be Operated By Locomotives, Depending Upon Adhesion Only For Their Drawing Power, And Which, Therefore, Necessitate The Use Of Some Special System Of Securing Greater Traction Power. Several Such Systems Are Employed. The Two ...

Municipal Pumping Plants
Municipal Pumping Plants. In 1582 A Dutchman Named Peter Maurice Erected A Large Pumping Plant At London Bridge For The Water Supply Of London. A Current Wheel Drove 16 Force Pumps, Each 17 Inches In Diameter And 30 Inches Long. By This Means 216 Gallons Of Water Per Minute, Or ...

Nathanael 1823 94 A Pringsheim
Pringsheim, Nathanael (1823-94). .a German Botanist, Born At \vziesko. Near Landsberg, Silesia. For A Time He Studied Medicine, Associated Himself With The Liberal Political Movement, And Then Turned Definitely To Natural Science, In Which Cryptogamic Botany Soon Became His Specialty. After Studying At The Universities Of Breslau, Leipzig, Berlin, And ...

Nova
Nova Zen Ala ( Northeast Passace ) Airier The Discovery Of America Came Efforts To Find Northeast And Northwest Passages To India. Of Early English Explorers, Willoughby And Chancel Lor In 1553 Opened Archangel Bay; But Willough By And Two Of His Three Ships Were Involved In The First Great ...

Of Political Econoniy To
Of Political Econoniy To Etn Ic•s, Law, And Politics. In Dismissing This Ques Tion Attention Mat• He Confined Largely To The Rela Tionship Between Ethics And Politieuil Eeonomy, Since The Decisive Arguments Apply To All Three Re Lationships. Substantial Unanimity Exists Upon The Following Points; (o) Flout Ethics And Economies ...

Oil And Gas Pipe
Pipe Lines, Oil And Gas. Wrought Iron Pipes Jointed To Form Conduit, Of Great Length, Used To Transport Petroleum Oil Or Natural Gas From The Wells Or Fields To The Point Of Utiliza Tion, Or, In The Case Of Oil, To The Refinery Or Mar Ket. In The Trunk Lines ...

Or Draw Poker Poker
Poker, Or Draw Poker. A Game Of Cards Said To Be Derived From Primero Or Prime, A Favorite English Game Of The Sixteenth Century. In France During The Following Century Primer° Became Ambigu, And A Little Later Another Varia Tion, (-tilled Brag, Sprang Up In The West Of Eng Land, ...