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Scientific Results Traceable To
Scientific Results Traceable To Animal Experiment Here A Summary Account Alone Can Be Given ; Fuller Information Must Be Sought Under The Different Diseases, Etc. It Must Also Be Remembered That Not Man Alone, But Animals Also Owe A Great Debt To Them. Great Epizootic Diseases Like Anthrax, Swine-fever, Chicken-cholera, ...

Scipione Ammirato
Ammirato, Scipione 0531-1601), ), Italian Historian, Born At Lecce, In The Kingdom Of Naples, Lived Under The Patronage Of Duke Cosimo I., Of Florence, Who Gave Him A Residence At The Medici Palace And The Villa Zopaja On The Understanding That He Should Write His Istorie Fiorentine (1600), The Work ...

Sea Angling
Sea Angling Sea Angling Is Attended By Almost As Many Refinements Of Tackle And Method As Fresh-water Angling. The Chief Differences Are Differences Of Locality And The Habits Of The Fish. To A Certain Extent Sea Angling May Also Be Divided Into Three Classes—fishing On The Surface With The Fly, ...

Second Adventists
Adventists, Second, Members Of Religious Bodies Whose Distinctive Feature Is A Belief In The Imminent Physical Return Of Jesus Christ. For The Historical Affiliations Of This Doctrine, See Eschatology. ...

Sergei Timofeyevich Aksakov
Aksakov, Sergei Timofeyevich (1 Russian Writer, Grandson Of Sergei Aksakov, A Country Squire Who Founded A Colony In The Bashkir Steppe, Was Born At Ufa, Orenburg, On Sept. 20, 1791, And Died In Moscow On April 3o, 1859. He Studied At The University Of Kazan, And In 1808 En Tered ...

Series Algebra Trigonometry
Algebra - Trigonometry, Series, Applications A Movement Is Taking Place Among Teachers Of Mathematics To Encourage The Consideration Of The Simple Trigonometry Of The Right-angled Triangle As A Special Chapter Of Algebra, Following The Topics Of Ratio And Proportion. (see Trigonometry; Loga ...

Sextus Iulius Africanus
Africanus, Sextus Iulius, A Christian Traveller And Historian Of The 3rd Century, Was Probably Born In Libya And Lived At Emmaus. He May Have Served Under Septimius Severus Against The Osroenians In A.d. 195. He Wrote A History Of The World (x Povoypa4iae, In Five Books) From The Creation To ...

Seyyid Amir Ali
Amir 'ali, Seyyid (1849-1928), Indian Jurist And Mus Lim Leader, Was Born April 6, 1849, Of An Arab Family, Tracing Descent From The Prophet, Which Migrated From Persia And Settled At Mohan In Oudh In The Middle Of The I8th Century. A,t Hugli College, Calcutta, He Graduated In 1867. He ...

Sherwood Anderson
Anderson, Sherwood ), American Author, Was Born In Camden, O., Sept. 13 1876. His Family Was Poor And His Education Meagre. After Trying Various Occupations He Went To Chicago, Where He Worked With An Advertising Agency. His First Novel Was Windy Mcpherson's Son (1916) . In 1921 He Was Awarded ...

Sir Charles Karl Alten
Alten, Sir Charles (karl) Verian And British Soldier, Son Of The Hanoverian Baron Alten, Took Service In The King's German Legion In British Pay, And Commanded The Light Infantry In The Hanoverian Expedition Of 1805, At The Siege Of Copenhagen In 1807, With Moore In Sweden And Spain, And In ...

Sir Edmund Anderson
Anderson, Sir Edmund (153o-1605), English Law Yer, Descended From A Scottish Family Settled In Lincolnshire, Was Born In 1530 At Flixborough Or Broughton In That County. He Took Part In All The Leading State Trials Which Agitated England During The Latter Years Of Elizabeth's Reign. Though A Great Law Yer ...

Sir Edmund Andros
Andros, Sir Edmund (163 7-1714), English Colonial Governor In America, Was Born In London On Dec. 6, 1637, Son Of Amice Andros, Royal Bailiff Of The Island Of Guernsey. In 1674 He Outh, Rhode Island, Connecticut And New Hampshire Were Con Solidated, And In 1688 His Jurisdiction Was Extended Over ...

Sir Frederick Adam
Adam, Sir Frederick (1781-1853), British General, Fought During The Napoleonic Wars From Egypt, In 1801, To Water Loo ; Afterwards He Was High Commissioner Of The Ionian Isles And Governor Of Madras. ...

Sir Frederick Augustus Abel
Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, Bart. 1902), English Chemist, Was Born In London On July 17, 1827. After Studying Chemistry For Six Years Under A. W. Von Hofmann At The Royal College Of Chemistry (established In London In 1845), He Became Professor Of Chemistry At The Royal Military Academy In 1851, ...

Sir George Alexander
Alexander, Sir George English Actor, Whose Family Name Was Samson, Was Born In Reading On June 19, 1858, And Died On March 16, 1918. He Made His First Appearance On The London Stage As Caleb Deecie In Two Roses In 1881 With Irving At The Lyceum. In 1891 He Became ...

Sir George Biddell Airy
Airy, Sir George Biddell (1801-1892), British Astronomer Royal, Was Born At Alnwick On July 27, 1801. He Was Educated At Colchester Grammar School And At Trinity College, Cambridge, Where He Graduated As Senior Wrangler In 1823. He Became A Fellow Of His College (1824), Lucasian Professor Of Math Ematics (1826), ...

Sir Henry Wentworth Acland
Acland, Sir Henry Wentworth, Bart. ( 1815— 190o), English Physician And Man Of Learning, Was Born Near Exeter On Aug. 23, 1815, And Died At Oxford On Oct. 16,19oo. He Was Regius Professor Of Medicine At Oxford From 1858 To 1894. He Was Also A Curator Of The University Galleries ...

Sir Hugh Allan
Allan, Sir Hugh (1810-188 2) , Canadian Financier, Was Born On Sept. 29, 181o, At Saltcoats, Ayrshire, Scotland. He Emi Grated To Canada In 1826, And In 1831 Entered The Employ Of The Chief Shipbuilding And Grain-shipping Firm Of Montreal, Of Which He Became A Junior Partner In 1835. In ...

Sir Hugh Percy Allen
Allen, Sir Hugh Percy (1869— ), Director Of The Royal College Of Music And Professor Of Music At Oxford University, Was Born At Reading, Dec. 23,1869, And Received His First Appointment As Organist Of St. Saviour's, Reading, At The Age Of 1. After Holding Many Similar Appointments He Became Closely ...

Sir James Abbott
Abbott, Sir James (1807-1896), British Soldier, Edu Cated At The Military College, Addiscombe. He Served In The Bengal Artillery At The Siege Of Bhurtpore, 1825-26. He Was The First Englishman To Visit Khiva, Where He Was Sent On A Mission In 1839. During The Sikh War In 1849-50, He Held ...

Sir James Allen
Allen, Sir James ), New Zealand States Man, Was Born In South Australia On Feb. 1o, 1855, His Parents Settling In New Zealand A Year Later. He Was Educated In England At Clifton And St. John's College, Cambridge, And Afterwards Studied At The Royal School Of Mines, In London. Returning ...

Sir James Edward Alexander
Alexander, Sir James Edward British General And Traveller, Was Born On Oct. 16, 1803, And Died On April 2, 1885. He Was Largely Responsible For The Preservation And Transfer To England Of The Obelisk, Cleopatra's Needle, In His Varied Experiences Provided Material For A Large Number Of Books, Among Which ...

Sir James Joseph Allport
Allport, Sir James Joseph English Railway Manager, Was, For 20 Years Onwards From 1853, The Gen Eral Manager Of The Midland Railway. He Is Remembered As The Pioneer Of Cheap And Comfortable Railway Travelling. He Was The First To Appreciate The Importance Of The Third-class Passenger As A Source Of ...

Sir John Aird
Aird, Sir John, 1st Bart. (1833-1911), British Engi Neer, Was Born In London Dec. 3, 1833, The Only Child Of John Aird, Contractor For Gas And Water Plants. He Joined His Father's Business At 18, And Was Entrusted With The Removal Of The Crys Tal Palace Buildings From Hyde Park ...

Sir John Francis Edward
Acton, Sir John Francis Edward, Bart. (1736-1811), Prime Minister Of Naples Under Ferdinand Iv., Was The Son Of Edward Acton, A Physician At Besancon, And Was Born There In 1736, Succeeding To The English Title And Estates In 1791, On The Death Of His Cousin In The Third Degree, Sir ...

Sir John Miller Adye
Adye, Sir John Miller (1819-190o), British Gen Eral, Son Of Major James P. Adye, Was Born At Sevenoaks, Kent, On Nov. 1, 1819, And Died On Aug. 26, I900. Sir John Adye Served In The Crimean War, In The Indian Mutiny, On The North West Frontier In India In 1863 ...

Sir John William Alcock
Alcock, Sir John William English Airman, Was Born In Manchester On Nov. 6, 1892, The Son Of A Horse Dealer. Before The World War He Had Been In Possession Of The Aviation Certificate For Two Years, When He Joined The Royal Naval Air Force As An Instructor In 1914. In ...

Sir Laurence Alma Tadema
Alma-tadema, Sir Laurence, Or Laurens (1836-1912), British Artist, Was Born Jan. 8 1836, At Dronrijp, A Frisian Village Near Leeuwarden, The Son Of Pieter Tadema, A Notary, Who Died When The Boy Was Four Years Old. In 1852 He Entered The Antwerp Academy Under Gustav Wappers, And Sub Sequently That ...

Sir Norman Angell
Angell, Sir Norman (1874– ), English Author And Publicist, Was A Prominent Journalist, First In The U. S. A., And After His Return In 1898, In England. In 1928 He Invented "the Money Game," A Card-game Which Taught The Elements Of Economics, Banking And Currency. He Was M.p. For North ...

Sir Ralph Abercromby
Abercromby, Sir Ralph (1734-1801), British Sol Dier, Eldest Son Of George Abercromby, Of Tullibody, Clack Mannanshire, Was Born Oct. 7, 1734. Educated At Rugby And At Edinburgh University, He Was Sent In 1754 To Leipzig To Study Civil Law, With A View To His Proceeding To The Scottish Bar. But ...

Sir Robert Rowand Anderson
Anderson, Sir Robert Rowand British Architect, Was Born At Forres In 1834, The Son Of A Solic Itor. He Died In Edinburgh On June 1 1921. He Was Educated At Edinburgh And Entered The Royal Engineers, Where He Received His First Training As A Draughtsman. His First Important Work Was ...

Sir Rutherford Alcock
Alcock, Sir Rutherford (1809-1897), British Consul And Diplomatist, Practised Medicine Until 1837. In He Became Consul At Fuchow In China, Opened To Trade By The Treaty Of 1842, And Mr. Alcock, As He Then Was, Had To Maintain An Entirely New Position With The Chinese Authorities. He Went In 1846 ...

Sir Sheshadri Aiyar
Aiyar, Sir Sheshadri (1845-1901), Indian States Man, The Son Of A Brahman Of Palghat, Malabar, Rose From A Humble Position As Translator In His Native District To Be Prime Minister Of Mysore Under The Maharaja Chamarajendra. To Him Mysore Owes Many Important Public Works And The Development Of The Kolar ...

Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt
Allbutt, Sir Thomas Clifford British Physician, Was Born At Dewsbury, Yorkshire, July 20 1836. Educated At St. Peter's School, York, And Caius College, Cambridge, He Studied Medicine At St. George's Hospital, London, And Afterwards In Paris, Subsequently Practising In London And Leeds. He Carried Out Much Valuable Work On The ...

Sir Tiruvarur Mutuswamy Aiyar
Aiyar, Sir Tiruvarur Mutuswamy '895), Native Indian Judge Of The High Court Of Madras, Was Born Of Poor Parents In The Village Of Vuchuwadi, Near Tanjore, On Jan. 28, 1832. His Widowed Mother Was Forced By Poverty To Remove With Mutuswamy And His Brother To Tiruvarar, Where The Former Learnt ...

Sir Westcott Stile Abell
Abell, Sir Westcott Stile ), Naval Engineer, Chief Ship Surveyor At Lloyds Register Of Shipping. From 1910-14 He Was Professor Of Naval Architecture At The Uni Versity Of Liverpool. A Member Of Various Boards, Including Two Committees Of The Board Of Trade, On The Internationalization Of The Load Line Of ...

Sir William Allan
Allan, Sir William (1782-185o), Scottish Historical Painter, Was Born In Edinburgh, And Studied At The School Of Design In His Native City. Allan Spent Some Years In Russia Be Tween 1805 And 1814 And Travelled Extensively In Southern Russia, Bringing Back A Portfolio Of Vivid Sketches Which Pro Vided Material ...

Sir William De Wiveleslie
Abney, Sir William De Wiveleslie 1920), English Chemist, Was Born At Derby July 24 1843 And Died At Folkestone On Dec. 3 1920. Abney Held High Appointments At The Board Of Education And Was President At Different Times Of The Royal Astronomical Society And The Physical Society. His Con Tribution ...

Small Arms Ammunition
Small Arms Ammunition Ammunition For Small Arms.—in America Military Small Arms Ammunition For Rifles Consists Of A Cartridge Composed Of A Bottle-necked, Rimless Cartridge Case Containing A Non-corrosive Primer, A Charge Of Nitrocellulose Smokeless Powder, And A Coni Cal, Sharp Pointed Bullet Having A Core Of Lead And A Jacket ...

Solution
Solution Uprights: "since There's No Help, Come, Let Us Kiss And Part." Lights: I. Hsactekcop (reverse Of Pocket Cash). 2. (s) En Or It A 3. L.m.s.r. 4. Pest Acrostics May Be Very Simple And Also Very Intricate. The Modern Acrostic Seems To Hit The Happy Medium And, Whilst Giving ...

Sophonisba Angussola Or Angussciola
Angussola Or Angussciola, Sophonisba, Italian Portrait Painter Of The Latter Half Of The 16th Century, Was Born At Cremona About 1535, And Died At Palermo In 1626. In 156o, At The Invitation Of Philip Ii., She Visited The Court Of Madrid, Where Her Portraits Elicited High Praise. Vandyck Is Said ...

South Africa
South Africa The Natives Of Africa South Of The Kunene, Okavango And Zambezi Rivers Fall Into Three Main Divisions, Known Respectively As Bushmen, Hottentots And Bantu. These Divisions Represent A Series Of Successive Waves Of Southerly Migration By Which The Peopling Of The Country Has Been Effected. The Bushmen, A ...

St Agatha
Agatha, St., The Patron Saint Of Catania, Sicily, Where Her Festival Is Celebrated On Feb. 5. The Legend Is That She Was A Native Of Sicily (probably Of Catania, Though Palermo Also Claims Her) Of Noble Birth And Great Beauty. She Repelled The Advances Of The Roman Prefect Sent By ...

Stability And Control Aeroplane
Stability And Control - Aeroplane Or Airplane. The General Principles Of Stability And Control Are Dealt With In The Article Aerodynamics, And The Stabilizing And Controlling The Fore And Aft Control Required Can Generally Be Obtained Area Of Elevator If The Ratio Area Of Fixed Tail Plane • Is About ...

Stanislas
Stanislas (1759-1833), French Man Of Letters, Was Born At Strasbourg On May 6, 1759, And Died In Paris On May 9, 1833. He Was Educated For The Bar, And Under The Convention Was A Civil Judge In The Court Of Cessation. He Became Presi Dent Of The Tribunat, But Was ...

State
State). The Last Of The Native Princes Of Congo Who Had Real Authority Was A Poten Tate Known As Dom Pedro V. He Was Placed On The Throne In With The Help Of A Portuguese Force, And Reigned Over 3o Years. In 1888 A Portuguese Resident Was Stationed At Salvador, ...

Statistics Trigonometry
Statistics ; Trigonometry. Bibliography.—george Chrystal, Algebra (black, 1889; Valuable For Bibliography.—george Chrystal, Algebra (black, 1889; Valuable For Teachers And Advanced Students, Especially With Reference To Founda Tion Principles). H. B. Fine, College Algebra, Boston (ginn), 1901, 1905. (briefer Than Chrystal, But Valuable In The Same Way.) W. F. Meyer, Encyklopiidie ...

Structural Design Aeroplaneor
Structural Design - Aeroplane Or Airplane. The General Problem.—the Aeroplane Shown In Fig. 9, Article Aeronautics, Was Designed About 1914; In General Aerodynamic And Structural Design It Is Not Fundamentally Different From Most Modern Aeroplanes. Regarded As A Problem In Structural Design, A Normal Aeroplane Wing, Such As That Illustrated, ...

Summary Of Developments Since
Summary Of Developments Since 1850 Considering The Period Since 1850 As A Whole, The Chief Develop Ments, In Addition To Those Mentioned, May Be Designated As Follows:— Growth In Has Been A Tremendous Growth In The Number Of Firms Employing Advertising In One Form Or An Other. In 1938 There ...

Surgery Of Abdomen
Abdomen, Surgery Of. The Diseases Of This Region Are Dealt With Generally In The Article Digestive Organs, And Under Their Own Names (e.g., Appendicitis). Under The Appro Priate Headings The Surgery Of Each Abdominal Organ Is Dealt With (see Stomach, Kidney, Liver, Etc.) ; Here The General Principles Of Abdominal ...

Synod Of Agde
Synod Of Agde (concilium Agathense).—the 47 Genuine Can Ons Of The Synod (sept. I1, 506), Dealt With Discipline, Church Life, Alienation Of Ecclesiastical Property And Treatment Of Jews. While Favouring Sacerdotal Celibacy The Council Laid Rather Rigid Restrictions On Monasticism. It Commanded That The Laity Com Municate At Christmas, Easter ...

Table I
Table I. Estimated Population In The United States In 192o, By Country Of Origin* Is A Mixture Of Many Races, But The Population Is As Homogeneous Racially As Most Of The Countries Of North-western Europe. The Immigrants From Southern And Eastern Europe Have Tended To Remain In Cities, So That ...

Table Xxxvii
Table Xxxvii. Relation Of The Size Of United States Crops To Prices* *g. F. Warren And F. A. Pearson, "inter-relationships Of Supply And Price," Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 466, Sept. 1927. In -fig. 17 And Table Xxxvii. A Crop 2o% Below Normal Ordinarily Sells For About 42% Above ...

Technical
Technical A Round Of Ammunition For A Gun Comprises Four Main Con Stituents : (a) The Projectile, With Its Filling, (b) The Cartridge, (c) The Means Of Ignition And (d) The Fuse. The Fuse Is Screwed Into The Projectile, Normally At The Nose, But Sometimes In The Base, And The ...

Tendon Of Achilles
Achilles, Tendon Of. The Large Tendon Inserted Into The Heel Bone (calcaneus), At The Back Of The Ankle, By Means Of Which The Calf Muscles Of The Leg Extend And Invert The Foot. These Muscles Sometimes Become Shortened, Owing To Overdevelopment, Or Sometimes To The Continued Use Of High-heeled Shoes, ...

The Acoustics Of Buildings
Acoustics Of Buildings, The. The Subject Of The Acoustics Of Auditoriums Deals With The Behaviour Of Sound In Rooms And In Halls, And The Conditions Which Determine Their Fit Ness Or Unsuitability For The Hearing Of Speech And Music. Certain Characteristics Of Sounds Emitted In A Closed Space Re Quire ...

The Aeroplane
The Aeroplane Fig. 9 On P. 247 Gives A Diagram Of An Aeroplane Indicating Its Principal Parts And Their Names. The Main Purpose Of The Various Parts Is Clear From The Figure Which Represents A Biplane; The Wings Support The Machine; To Secure Steady Motion In A Vertical Plane A ...

The Airship And Its
The Airship And Its Problems Types Of Airship.—ingeneral There Have Been Two Distinct Parallel Lines Of Development From The Free Balloon. The Non Rigid Type Of Ship Is In Effect Merely An Elongated Free Balloon With Car And Engine Suspended Beneath By A Suitable Arrangement Of Rigging. In This Type ...

The Al Mansur
The.) Al-mansur (arab. "victorious"), A Surname (laqab) As Sumed By A Large Number Of Mohammedan Princes. The Best Known Are : Ab1 Ja'far Ibn Mohammed, Second Caliph Of The Abbasid House Born A.d. Who Reigned A.d. 7 7 7 5 And Found Ed Baghdad In 764 (see Caliphate; § C, ...

The Alamo
Alamo, The, An Historic Building In San Antonio, Texas, Noted As The Scene Of An Heroic Defence In The War Between Texas And Mexico. This Building Is The Chapel Of The Mission San Antonio De Valero, Founded In 1718 By Franciscans, And Com Monly Called The "alamo Mission" From The ...

The Alhambra
Alhambra, The, An Ancient Palace And Fortress Of The Moorish Monarchs Of Granada, In Southern Spain, Occupying A Hilly Terrace On The South-eastern Border Of The City Of Granada. This Terrace Or Plateau Extends From West-north-west To East South-east, And Covers An Area Of About 35 Acres. It Is Enclosed ...

The Alpujarras
Alpujarras, The, A District Of Southern Spain, In The Provinces Of Granada And Almeria, From The Nevada To The Coast Between Motril And Almeria. A Structural Depression Between The Nevada And The Coastal Sierras Contains The Mid-courses Of Nevada Streams Which Have Wild Gorges Above And Below. These Mid-courses Are ...

The Aluminium Industry
The Aluminium Industry In General, Raw Aluminium Is Converted Into Commodities By Methods Analogous To Those Used For Other Metals. The Few Radical Differences Are Alone Discussed Here. Aluminium Is Melted In Re Verberatory Furnaces Or Crucibles Heated By Oil, Coke, Gas Or Electricity, As Circumstances And The Scale Of ...

The American Academy In
American Academy In Rome, The, Situated On The Janiculum, In Rome, Italy, Comprises A School Of Fine Arts And A School Of Classical Studies. It Was Founded In 1894 Under The Leadership Of Charles F. Mckim. It Is Administered By A Director And Staff In Rome, And A President And ...

The American Agricultural Chemical
American Agricultural Chemical Com Pany, The, Was Organized In 1899 Under The Laws Of Con Necticut For The Purpose Of Consolidating About 20 Companies Engaged In The Manufacture Of Fertilizers, In The Northern, East Ern And Middle Western States. The Original Capital Stock Of $20,000,00o Preferred, And $20,000,00o Common, Has ...

The American Bank Note
American Bank Note Company, The, An Or Ganization In The Field Of "security" Engraving And Printing, Spec Ializing In Quality Of Workmanship And Effective Safeguarding During Manufacture. In Addition To An Extensive Business In The United States, More Than 40 Other Countries Are Its Customers For Bank-notes, Postage Stamps, Revenue ...

The American Bar Association
American Bar Association, The, A Voluntary Association Of Lawyers And Jurists Organized At Saratoga, N.y., In 1878. Its Object, As Defined By Its Constitution, Is "to Advance The Science Of Jurisprudence, Promote The Administration Of Justice And Uniformity Of Legislation And Of Judicial Decision Throughout The Nation, Uphold The Honour ...

The American Can Company
American Can Company, The, Was Incorporated In 1901. It Was A Consolidation Of 65 Manufacturers Of Metal Con Tainers For Foods, Chemicals, Tobacco, Paints And Many Other Products, And Is The Leading Producer In Its Field. Its Manufactur Ing Plants Are Situated In 52 Cities Of The United States (18 ...

The American Frontier
American Frontier, The. The American Frontier, From An Early Period In The History Of The Continent, Has Affected The Imagination Of The Pioneer Who Desired To Exploit It, And Of The Visitor From Afar Who Viewed It. Long Before Its Existence And Its Significance Attracted The Attention Of Indigenous His ...

The American Revolution The
The American Revolution - The War At Sea The Largely Economic Origin Of The American Revolution Took On A Prominently Maritime Aspect In Its Early Phases. Heavily In Debt From Recent Wars, England Was Also Faced With A Constantly Increasing Demand For Overseas Markets And Marine Expansion, On Account Of ...

The American Revolution
American Revolution, The (1775-1781), Known Also As The American War Of Independence. This War, By Which The United States Definitely Separated Themselves From The Brit Ish Connection, Began With The Affair Of Lexington In Massachu Setts, On April 29, 1775, And Was Virtually Ended By The Capitula Tion Of Cornwallis ...

The American Smelting And
American Smelting And Refining Com Pany, The, Was First Organized In 1899 As A Consolidation Of Companies Engaged In The Business Of Custom Lead Smelting And Refining. In 1902 A Further Consolidation Was Made With The In Terests Of The Messrs. Guggenheim, Who Thereaf Ter Were In Execu Tive Charge ...

The American Society For
American Society For The Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals, The, Was Organized In 1866 And Incorporated In New York State. Its Charter Gives It Special Prosecuting Powers Within That Jurisdiction. Directly Or Indirectly, It Is The Parent Of All Humane Societies In The United States And Of Many Abroad. Its ...

The American Sugar Refining
American Sugar Refining Company, The, Incorporated In New Jersey, U.s.a., On Jan. Iq, 1891, Succeeded The Sugar Refineries Company, Organized In 1887. The Capital Stock In 1891 Was $5o,000,000, Was Increased In 1892 To $75,000, 000, And In 1901 To $90,000,00o. The Stock Consists Of 450,000 Shares Of 7% Cumulative ...

The American Telephone And
American Telephone And Telegraph Company, The. The First Telephone Company Was Formed In 1876 When The Inventor, Alexander Graham Bell, Assigned To The Bell Patent Association His First Two Telephone Patents. On July 9, 1877, This First Association Was Succeeded By The Bell Tele Phone Company, First As A Trusteeship ...

The American Tobacco Company
American Tobacco Company, The, One Of The World's Largest Manufacturers Of Tobacco, Cigarettes, Cigars And Other Tobacco Products. So Far As Its Name Is Concerned It Goes Back To 1890, And So Far As Its Corporate Organization Is Concerned Goes Back To Oct. 1904 When, Under The Laws Of New ...

The Ancien Regime
Ancien Regime, The, A French Phrase Commonly Used To Denote The Social And Political System Established In France Under The Old Monarchy. (see France : History.) ...

The Andrassy Note
Andrassy Note, The, A Declaration Drawn Up By Count Andrassy On Behalf Of Russia, Austria And Germany, And Presented To The Porte, After The Adherence Of France And Great Britain, On Jan. 31, 1876. Serious Insurrections Had Broken Out In Bosnia And Hercegovina. The Andrassy Note Was An Attempt At ...

The Delphia
Delphia, The, Was Organized In 1812. It Has A Large Library And A Museum With Several Million Specimens. The Scientific Staff Of The Academy (1928), Includes 12 Permanently Attached In Vestigators And 15 Research Associates. The Society Has Pub Lished Journals Since 1817, And Proceedings Since 1841; It Also Publishes ...

The Emperor Menelek Ii
The Emperor Menelek Ii. ...

The Letter A
The Letter A. This Letter Has Stood At The Head Of The Alphabet During The Whole Of The Period That It Can Be Traced Historically. The Name Of The Letter In The Phoenician Period Resembled The Hebrew Name Aleph And Was Taken Over By The Greeks In The Form Of ...

The Plains Of Abraham
Abraham, The Plains Of, A Plateau To The South West Of The City Of Quebec, The Scene Of The Historic Battle Be Tween The French Under Montcalm And The English Under Wolfe On Sept. 13, 1759. (see Quebec.) ...

The Science Of Aeronautics
The Science Of Aeronautics The Year 1909 Opened A New Era In The History Of Aeronautics. Towards The End Of 1908, The `frights Had Made Their _flights. The Value Of The Aeroplane As A Weapon Became Obvious ; How Valuable, It Was Left For The World War To Show. Little ...

The Tactics Of Air
The Tactics Of Air Combat Types Of Aircraft.—from The Point Of View Of Air Fighting, Aeroplanes Fall Into Two Categories—first, Aeroplanes Designed Solely For Air Fighting, And, Secondly, Aeroplanes Designed Primar Ily For Some Other Duty, Such As Reconnaissance Or Bombing. Aeroplanes In The First Category Are Called "fighters" (u.s. ...

Theory Of Aggregates
Aggregates, Theory Of. An Aggregate May Be Defined, For The Moment, As A Collection Of Elements Of Some Kind Or Other Which Is Subjected To Laws Of Operation And, On Occasion, Provided With A Structure In Such A Way As To Make It Capable Of Being Used To Facilitate The ...

Thermal Agitation
Agitation, Thermal, The Motion Of The Molecules, Within A Body, Which They Possess By Virtue Of Their Absolute Tem Perature (q.v.). (see Kinetic Theory Of Matter; Thermo ...

Thomas Abel
Abel, Thomas (better Abell) (d. 1540), An English Priest Who Was Martyred During The Reign Of Henry Viii., And Beatified By Pope Leo Xiii. In 1533, He Published His Invicta Veritas (with The Fictitious Pressmark Of Luneberge To Avoid Suspicion) In Answer To The Tracts Supporting Henry's Ecclesiasti Cal Claims. ...

Thomas Adams
Adams, Thomas (d. C. 1655), English Puritan Divine, Held Churches At Willington In Bedfordshire, Wingrave In Bucks, And Then In London. His "occasionally" Printed Sermons, Collected In 1629, Show Him To Have Been A Brilliant And Witty Preacher. Southey, Indeed, Calls Him "the Prose Shakespeare Of Puritan Theologians." His Numerous ...

Thomas Aird
Aird, Thomas (1802-76), Scottish Poet, And Journalist, Was Born At Bowden, Roxburghshire, On Aug. 28, 1802, And Died At Dumfries On April 25, 1876. In 1848 He Published A Collected Edition Of His Poems, Which Met With Much Favour. Carlyle Said That He Found In Them "a Healthy Breath As ...

Thomas Allen Or Alleyn
Allen Or Alleyn, Thomas (1542-163 2 ), English Mathematician, Was Born At Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, Dec. 21, 1542, And Died Sept. 3o, 1632. He Was Educated At Oxford, And Found Patrons In Henry Percy, 8th Earl Of Northumberland And Robert Dudley, Earl Of Leicester. He Was On Intimate Terms With Sir ...

Thomas Amory
Amory, Thomas (c. 1691-1788), British Author, Pub Lished Memoirs; Containing The Lives Of Several Ladies Of Great Britain; A History Of Antiquities, Etc. (1755) And Life Of John Buncle Esq. (1756 And 1766). Both Books Are An Extraordinary Mixture Of Fiction, Autobiography, Scenic Description And Theo Logical Discussion. Of The ...

Thomas Andrews
Andrews, Thomas (1813-1885), Irish Chemist And Physicist, Was Born On Dec. 19, 1813, At Belfast, Where His Father Was A Linen Merchant. In 1845 He Was Appointed Vice-president Of The Newly Established Queen's College, Belfast, And Professor Of Chemistry, Offices Which He Held Till 1879, When Failing Health Com Pelled ...

Thomas Bailey Aldrich
Aldrich, Thomas Bailey American Author, Was Born In Portsmouth, N.h., Nov. I 1, 1836. The Deepest Impressions Of His Boyhood Were Made By The Exotic City Of New Orleans And The Historic Town Of Portsmouth, Which He Portrays In His Autobiographical Story Of A Bad Boy (187o). He Had Been ...

Todor Alexandrov
Alexandrov, Todor (1882-1924), Macedonian Lead Er, Was Born At Stip In Central Macedonia. As A Youth He Took Part In The Comitadji Campaign Against Turkey, Becoming One Of The Most Prominent Leaders Of The Bulgarian Bands In Macedonia. After The Treaties Which Concluded The World War Had Allotted His Native ...

Try
Try : Organic). If Subjected To A Pressure Of 61.6 Atmos. At The Critical Temperature Of 36.5° C, It Suddenly Becomes A Col Ourless Transparent Liquid. At Lower Temperatures It Becomes Liquid Under Less Pressure, E.g., At 15° C Under Slightly Less Than 38 Atmos., And At —82° C Under ...

Tural Machinery And Implements
Tural Machinery And Implements. Most Of The Food Of The World Is Produced By A Small Number Of Farmers Who Use Machinery. The Millions Of Farmers In Asia, And Other Countries Where Machinery Is Not Used, Produce A Small Percentage Of The World's Food Supply. In One Region In China,' ...

Types Of Accumulators
Types Of Accumulators The Tudor Cell.—the Tudor Accumulator Is Designed Pri Marily For Use As A Stationary Battery And Is Suitable For Lighting And Power Requirements Generally Where A Large Capacity And High Efficiency Are Required. The Positive Plates Are Made Of Pure Lead And Cast In One Piece With ...

Types Of Ancestor Worship
Types Of Ancestor-worship But Ancestor-worship Pure And Simple Is Directed Towards Ances Tors Possessing Venerable Powers Of One Sort Or Another, Coupled With Either A Kindly Interest In Their Descendants Or At Least The Ability To Do Them Harm If They Neglect Them. It May Be Of Several Kinds, According ...

Ulissi Aldrovandi
Aldrovandi, Ulissi (15 2 2-1605 ), Italian Naturalist, Was Born Of Noble Parentage At Bologna, Where He Was Professor Of Natural History From 156o Onwards. At His Instance The Senate Of Bologna Established In 1568 A Botanical Garden, Of Which He Was Appointed The First Director. About The Same Time ...

United States
United States Sea Angling In The United States Has Enrolled More New Mem Bers Since 1918 Than Any Other Sport. This Is Largely Due To Cheap And Rapid Transportation. Where In The Days Of The Old Sail Boats It Would Take Five Or Six Hours To Reach A Spot Off ...