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Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 3 Baltimore - Braila

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Eugenio Beltrami
Beltrami, Eugenio Italian Mathema Tician, Was Born At Cremona. He Came Of A Well-known And Cul Tured Family; Was Educated At Cremona And Later At Pavia, Where He Studied Mathematics Under Brioschi. Beltrami Held An Appoint Ment In The Administration Of The Italian Railways Until 1862 When He Began His ...

Fables Of Bidpai
Bidpai, Fables Of, The Name Under Which A Famous Collection Of Fables Of Indian Origin Became Known In Europe In The Middle Ages. The Original Sanskrit Work, Composed By A Brahman In The 3rd Century A.d., Still Very Popular In India As The Pail Catantra And Its Shorter Recension The ...

Famous Blind People
Famous Blind People It May Be Interesting, In Conclusion, To Mention Here Some Prominent Blind People; Biographies Of Others, Such As Milton Or Fielding, Will Be Found Under Their Names. John Stanley (1713-1786), Mus.bac.oxon., Was Born In London In 1713. At Seven He Began To Study Music, And Made Such ...

Feast Of Banners
Banners, Feast Of, A Japanese Festival In Honour Of Male Children, Held On May 5 (jap. Nobori-no-sekku). Every Householder Who Has Sons Fastens A Bamboo Pole Over His Door And Hangs From It Gaily-coloured Paper Fishes, One For Each Of His Boys. These Fishes Are Made To Represent Carp, Which ...

Federigo Barocci Or Baroccio
Barocci Or Baroccio, Federigo (15 2 ), Italian Painter, Was Born And Died At Urbino. He Studied Under Battista Franco At Urbino, Copied Some Works By Titian At Pesaro, And In 1548 Went To Rome, Where He Came Under The Influence Of Raphael. The Greater Part Of His Life Was ...

Felix Bracquemond
Bracquemond, Felix (r833-1914), French Painter And Etcher, Was Born In Paris On May 22, 1833. He Was Trained In Early Youth As A Trade Lithographer, Until Guichard, A Pupil Of Ingres, Took Him Into His Studio. He Applied Himself To Engraving And Etching About 1853, And Played A Leading And ...

Ferdinand Christian Baur
Baur, Ferdinand Christian Leader Of The Tubingen School Of Theology, Was Born In Schmiden, Near Cannstatt, On June 21, 1792. After Receiving An Early Training In The Theological Seminary At Blaubeuren, He Went In 18og To The University Of Tubingen. In 1817 Baur Returned To The Theological Seminary At Blaubeuren ...

Ferdinando Galli Bibiena
Ferdinando Galli Bibiena Born At Bologna, Was The Son Of Giovanni Maria. He Studied Painting Under Carlo Cignani And Architecture Under Giulio Troili, Called Paradosso. On Cignani's Recommendation He Entered The Service Of The Duke Of Parma. His Chief Work At This Period Was The Villa And Garden Of Colorno. ...

Fisheries Agriculture Forestryornithology
Fisheries ; Agriculture ; Forestry ; Ornithology : Economic Ornithology; Entomology : Economic Entomology; Insects And Pests ; Entomology : Medical; Parasitology ; Botany.) Bibliography.—ritzema Bos, Agricultural Zoology (london, Bibliography.—ritzema Bos, Agricultural Zoology (london, 1894) ; F. W. Theobald, First British Museum Report On Economic Zoology (1903) , With An ...

Flight Of Birds
Flight Of Birds The Problem Of Flight Has Been Solved (i) By Insects, In Which The Rapidly Vibrating Wings Are Flattened Outgrowths Of The Dorso Lateral Body-wall Of The Meso- And Meta-thorax, Worked By Strong Muscles At Their Base ; (2) By The Extinct Pterodactyls, In Which A Fold Of ...

Foreign Exchange
Foreign Exchange A Clearing System Is Only Possible Where The Debts To Be Cleared Are Expressed In The Same Monetary Unit. Otherwise They Cannot Be Set Off Against One Another. The Need For Clearing Is Felt In International Transactions Where This Condition Is Not Fulfilled. The Requisite Facilities Are Created ...

Forests And Forestry
Forests And Forestry), Agriculture (q.v.), Horticulture (q.v.) And Materia Medica (for Use In Medicine; See The Separate Articles On Each Plant). (a. B. R.) Bibliography.--for The History Of Botany See E. Winckler, Gebibliography.--for The History Of Botany See E. Winckler, Ge- Schichte Der Botanik (1854) ; J. Von Sachs, Geschichte ...

Fortune Abraham Du Boisgobey
Boisgobey, Fortune Abraham Du (1824 1891), French Writer Of Fiction, Whose Real Surname Was Castille, Was Born At Granville (manche) On Sept. I1, 1824, And Died Feb. 26, 1891. He Served In The Army Pay Department In Algeria From 1844 To 1848, And Extended His Travels To The East. Among ...

Fra Bartolommeo Di Pagholo
Bartolommeo Di Pagholo, Fra The Italian Historical And Portrait Painter—known Also As Baccio (short For Bartolommeo) Della Porta (because He Lived Near The Porta Romana), Was Born In Soffignano, Near Florence, And Died In Florence On Oct. 31, 1517. He Was A Pupil Of Cosimo Roselli, And Was A Close ...

Franc Ois Claude Amour
Bouille, Franc Ois Claude Amour, Marquis De (1739-180o), French General. He Served In The Seven Years' War, And As Governor In The Antilles Conducted Operations Against The English In The War Of American Independence. On His Return To France He Was Named Governor Of The Three Bishoprics, Of Alsace And ...

Francesco Bartolozzi
Bartolozzi, Francesco (1 7 2 7-1815) , Italian En Graver, Was Born At Florence, On Sept. 21, 1727, And Died On March 7, 1815. He Was Originally Destined To Follow The Profession Of His Father, Who Was A Gold-and-silver-smith, But He Manifested So Much Skill And Taste In Designing That ...

Francesco Berni
Berni, Francesco (c. Italian Poet, Was Born At Lamporecchio, In Bibbiena, A District Lying Along The Upper Arno. In His 1 Gth Year He Went To Rome, Trusting To Obtain Some Assistance From His Uncle, The Cardinal Bibbiena, But He Was Obliged To Accept A Situation As Clerk To Ghiberti, ...

Francesco Bianchini
Bianchini, Francesco (1662-1729), Italian Astrono Mer And Antiquary, Was Born Of A Noble Family At Verona. A Paper By Him On G. D. Cassini's New Method Of Parallaxes Was Inserted In The Acta Eruditorum Of Leipzig In 1685. He Published Separately : Istoria Universale (1697), Only One Volume Of Which ...

Francesco Borromini
Borromini, Francesco (1599-1667), Italian Archi Tect, Was Born At Bissone On Sept. 25, He Was The Chief Exponent Of The Style Known In Architecture As "baroque," Which Marked A Fearless And Sometimes Reckless Departure From The Traditional Laws Of The Renaissance. A Pupil Of Carlo Maderna, He Became Of Ter ...

Francesco Bracciolini
Bracciolini, Francesco (1566-1645), Italian Poet, Was Born At Pistoia, Of A Noble Family. On His Removing To Flor Ence, He Was Admitted Into The Academy There, And Devoted Him Self To Literature. At Rome He Entered The Service Of Cardinal Maffeo Barberini, And When His Patron Was Elected Pope, Urban ...

Franceso Galli Bibiena
Franceso Galli Bibiena Born At Bologna, Was The Second Son Of Giovanni Maria. He Studied Under Parsinelli And Cignani, Worked At Piacenza, Parma, Rome, And Then Became Ducal Architect At Mantua. After A Stay In Genoa And Naples He Was Caped To Vienna, Where He Built A Large Theatre. He ...

Francis Blackburne
Blackburne, Francis (1782-1867), Lord Chancellor Of Ireland, Was Born At Great Footstown, Co. Meath, Ireland, On Nov. 1, 1782, Educated At Trinity College, Dublin, And Called To The English Bar In 1805. He Practised With Success. Called To The Irish Bar In 1822, He Vigorously Administered The Insurrection Act In ...

Francis Blomefield
Blomefield, Francis English Topogra Pher Of The County Of Norfolk, Was Born At Fersfield In That County. On Leaving Cambridge He Was Ordained, Becoming In 1729 Rector Of Hargham, Norfolk, And Immediately Afterwards Rector Of Fersfield, His Father's Family Living. In 1733 He Mooted The Idea Of A History Of ...

Francis Borgia
Borgia, Francis (1510-1572), Roman Catholic Saint, Duke Of Gandia, And General Of The Order Of Jesuits, Was Born At Gandia (valencia) On Oct. Io, 151o, And From Boyhood Was Re Markable For His Piety. Educated From His I2th Year At Saragossa Under The Charge Of His Uncle The Archbishop, He ...

Francis Bourne
Bourne, Francis (1861-1935), English Cardinal, Was Born At Clapham, London, March 23 1861, The Second Son Of Henry Bourne, A High Official In The Post Office, And Ellen Byrne. Educated At Ushaw College And St. Edmund's College, Ware, He Went Later To Cardinal Manning's Seminary At Hammersmith, London, And St. ...

Francis Bowen
Bowen, Francis (1811-189o), American Philosophical Writer And Educator, Was Born In Charlestown (mass.) On Sept. 8, 1811. He Graduated At Harvard In 1833, Taught At Phillips Exeter Academy, And Became A Tutor And Instructor At Harvard. After Several Years Of Study In Europe, He Settled In Cambridge (mass.), And Was ...

Francis Herbert Bradley
Bradley, Francis Herbert British Philosopher, Was Born On Jan. 3o, 1846, At Glasbury, Brecknock, And Educated At University College, Oxford, Becoming A Fellow Of Merton In 1876. He Was Admitted To The Order Of Merit In June 1924, And Died On Sept. 18 Of The Same Year. Although Greatly Indebted ...

Francis Preston Blair
Blair, Francis Preston American Journalist And Politician, Was Born At Abingdon, Va., On April 2, 1791. He Graduated From Transylvania University In 1811, Took To Journalism, And Was A Contributor To Amos Kendall's Paper, The Argus, At Frankfort. In 183o, Having Become An Ardent Fol Lower Of Andrew Jackson, He ...

Francis Russell
Francis Russell, 2nd Earl Of Bedford (c. 1527-1585), Was Educated At King's Hall, Cambridge. He Took His Seat In The House Of Lords As Lord Russell In 1552. Russell Was In Sympathy With The Reformers, Whose Opinions He Shared, And Was In Communica Tion With Sir Thomas Wyat ; And ...

Francis Russell_2
Francis Russell, 4th Earl Of Bedford (1593-1641), Was The Only Son Of William, Lord Russell Of Thornhaugh, To Which Barony He Succeeded In Aug. 1613. In May 1627 He Became Earl Of Bed Ford By The Death Of His Cousin, Edward, The 3rd Earl. When The Quarrel Broke Out Between ...

Francis Russell_3
Francis Russell, 5th Duke Of Bedford (1765-1802), Eldest Son Of Francis Russell, Marquess Of Tavistock (d. 1767), By His Wife, Elizabeth (d. 1768), Daughter Of William Keppel, End Earl Of Albemarle, Was Baptized On July 23, 1765. In Jan. 1771 He Suc Ceeded His Grandfather As Duke Of Bedford, And ...

Francois De Vendome Beaufort
Beaufort, Francois De Vendome, Duc De (1616-1669), A Picturesque Figure In French History Of The 17th Century, Was The Second Son Of Cesar De Vendome, And Grandson Of Henry Iv. By Gabrielle D'estrees. He Served In The First Campaigns Of The Thirty Years' War. In 1642 He Joined In The ...

Francois Joachim De Pierres De
Bernis, Francois-joachim De Pierres De , French Cardinal And Statesman, Was Born At St. Marcel-d'ardeche On May 2 2 1 7 1 5. He Was French Ambassador In Venice (17 51-5 5) , And Assisted In The Foundation Of The League On Behalf Of Maria Theresa Against Frederick The Great ...

Francois Joseph Bouvet
Bouvet, Francois Joseph French Admiral, Son Of A Captain In The Service Of The French East India Company, Was Born On April 23 17j3. He Went To Sea At The Age Of 12 With His Father. Bouvet Served In The East Indies In The Famous Campaign Of 1781-83. On The ...

Francois Le Metel De
Boisrobert, Francois Le Metel De (1592 1662 ), French Poet, Was Born At Caen And Died In Paris. He Was Introduced To Richelieu In 1623, And By His Humour And His Talent As A Raconteur Soon Made Himself Indispensable To The Cardinal. Boisrobert Became One Of The Five Poets Who ...

Francois Louis Bourdon
Bourdon, Francois Louis (d. 1797), Known As Bourdon De L'oise, French Revolutionist, Was Procureur At The Parlement Of Paris. Representing The Department Of The Oise In The Convention, He Voted For The Immediate Death Of The King. He Accused The Girondists Of Relations With The Court, Then Turned Against Robespierre, ...

Frank Weston Benson
Benson, Frank Weston ), American Painter, Was Born In Salem (mass.), March 24, 1862. He Was A Pupil Of Boulanger And Of Lefebvre In Paris; Won A Silver Medal At The Paris Exhibition (1900) ; The Potter Palmer Medal And Prize, Chicago (1910) ; Logan Prize, Chicago Society Of Etchers ...

Franz Boas
Boas, Franz (1858– ), American Anthropologist, Was Born In Minden, Westphalia. He Studied At Heidelberg, Bonn, And Kiel (1877-81). During The Year 1883-84 He Made A Scien Tific Journey Through The Baffin Land Region. The Following Year He Acted As Assistant In The Royal Ethnological Museum In Berlin. From 1886-88 ...

Franz Bopp
Bopp, Franz (1791-1867), German Philologist, Born At Mainz On Sept. 14, 1791, Educated At Aschaffenburg, In Bavaria. In 1812 He Went To Paris To Study Sanskrit. In 1816 He Pub Lished, At Frankfort-on-main, Fiber Das Conjugationssystem Der Sanskritsprache In Vergleichung Mit Jenem Der Griechischen, Late Inischen, Persischen And Germanischen Sprache. ...

Frederic Bastiat
Bastiat, Frederic (18o1-185o), French Economist, Was Born June 29, 18o1, At Mugron, Near Bayonne, Where He Led The Life Of A Country Gentleman, Becoming A Juge De Paix Of His Canton In 1831, And In 1832 A Member Of The Conseil General Of The Landes. Becoming Interested In The English ...

Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard
Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter (1809-1889), American Scientist And Educator, Was Born In Shef Field (mass.); On May 5, 1809. In 1828 He Graduated At Yale. He Was Then In Turn A Tutor At Yale, A Teacher (1831-32) In The American Asylum For The Deaf And Dumb, Hartford (conn.), And A ...

Frederick Edwin Smith Birkenhead
Birkenhead, Frederick Edwin Smith, 1st Earl Of (1872-193o), British Politician And Lawyer, Was Born At Birkenhead, July 12, 1872. He Was Educated At Birkenhead School And Wadham College, Oxford, Where He Was A Scholar. He Took A First Class Degree And In 1894 Was President Of The Union. Choosing The ...

Frederick Henry Marvell Blaydes
Blaydes, Frederick Henry Marvell (1818 1908 ), English Classical Scholar, Was Born At Hampton Court Green, Sept. 29 1818. He Was Vicar Of Harringworth, Northamp Tonshire (1843-86) And Died At Southsea On Sept. 7 1908. His Editions And Philological Papers Are Remarkable For Bold Con Jectural Emendations. ...

Frederick William Beechey
Beechey, Frederick William English Naval Officer And Geographer, Son Of Sir William Beechey, R.a., Was Born In London On Feb. 17, 1796. In 18o6 He Entered The Navy. In 1818 He Served Under Lieutenant (afterwards Sir) John Franklin In Buchan's Arctic Expedition, Of Which At A Later Period He Published ...

Fresnels Biprism
Biprism, Fresnel's, An Obtuse Angled Prism Used For The Production Of Interference Fringes. The Prism Is Set Up So That The Line Joining The Obtuse Angle To The Source Of Light (in The Form Of A Slit) Is Normal To The Base, And The Edge Of The Obtuse Angle Is ...

Friedrich Bergius
Bergius, Friedrich ), German Chemist, Was Born Oct. Ii, 1884, At Goldschmieden Near Breslau. He Stud Ied At The Universities Of Breslau, Leipzig, And Berlin And At The Technical Schools In Karlsruhe And Hanover. Later He Founded A Private Technical Research Laboratory In Hanover And Devoted Himself Chiefly To The ...

Friedrich Blass
Blass, Friedrich , German Classical Scholar, Was Professor At Kiel 1876-92, And At Halle 1892-1907. Blass Is Chiefly Known For His Works In Connection With The Study Of Greek Oratory: Die Griechische Beredsamkeit Von Alexander Bis Auf Augustus (1865) ; Die Attische Beredsamkeit (1868-80; 2nd Ed., 1887 98), His Greatest ...

Friedrich Bleek
Bleek, Friedrich German Biblical Scholar, Professor Of Theology At Bonn From 1829 To 18s9, Was Born On July 4 At Ahrensbok, In Holstein. He Studied In Berlin From 1814 To 1817, Under De Wette, Neander And Schleier Macher. From He Was Repetent In Theology Under De Wette, And Published Two ...

Friedrich Bouterwek
Bouterwek, Friedrich (1765-1828), German Phi Losopher And Critic, Was Born At Oker, In Lower Saxony April 15, 1765, And Studied Law At Gottingen. From 5790, However, He Became A Disciple Of Kant, And In 1793 Published Apliorismen Each Kants Lehre Vorgelegt. He Became Professor Of Philosophy At Gottingen (1802), Where ...

Friedrich Eduard Beneke
Beneke, Friedrich Eduard Ger Man Psychologist, Was Born At Berlin On Feb. 17, 1798, And Edu Cated At The Universities Of Halle And Berlin. After Studying Theology Under Schleiermacher And De Wette, He Turned To Philo Sophy, Especially To English Writers And The German Modifiers Of Kantianism, Such As Jacobi, ...

Friedrich Ferdinand Von Beust
Beust, Friedrich Ferdinand Von, Count (1809-1886), Austrian Statesman, Was Born January 13, 1809, In Dresden, Of An Ancient Brandenburg Family Long Settled In Saxony. He Was Educated At Leipzig And Gottingen, And Entered The Saxon Diplomatic Service In Which He Served At Berlin, Paris, Munich And London. In Feb. 1849 ...

Friedrich Karl Biedermann
Biedermann, Friedrich Karl , German Publicist And Historian, Was Born At Leipzig Sept. 25 1812, And After Studying At Leipzig And Heidelberg Became Professor Of Philology In The University Of His Native Town In 1838. His Early Writings Show Him As An Ardent Advocate Of German Unity, And He Was ...

Friedrich Martin Von Bodenstedt
Bodenstedt, Friedrich Martin Von (1819 1892), German Author, Born At Peine, Hanover, April 22, 181q, And Died At Wiesbaden On April 19, 1892. He Became Tutor In The Family Of Prince Galitzin At Moscow, And Then Was Head Of A School In Tiflis. There He Studied Persian Literature, And In ...

Friedrich Von Bernhardi
Bernhardi, Friedrich Von (1849-193o), Ger Man Soldier And Writer, Was Born In St. Petersburg, Nov. 22, 1849, The Son Of The Diplomat, Theodor Von Bernhardi (1802-1887), And He Entered The German Army In Time To Take Part In The Franco-prussian War. From 1891 To 1894 He Was German Military Attache ...

Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel
Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm Man Astronomer, Was Born At Minden July 22, 1784. In 1804 He Calculated The Orbit Of Halley's Comet From Observations Made In 1607 By Thomas Harriot, And Communicated His Results To H. W. M. Olbers, Who Procured Their Publication (monatliche Correspondenz, X. 425), And Recommended Him In ...

Fritz Von Below
Below, Fritz Von (1853-1918), German General, Was Born On Sept. 23, 1853 At Danzig. He Served In The War Of 1870 71, And In 1912 Was Appointed To The Command Of The Xxi. Army Corps. Iie Fought With The Vi. Army On The Western Front At The Beginning Of The ...

From The Electrical Review
From The "electrical Review" Fig. 7.-three Siemens Dry Cells And A Battery Of 36 Cellsfig. 7.-three Siemens Dry Cells And A Battery Of 36 Cells Expansion, And Covered With A Paper Disc Through Which Two Small Glass Ventilating Tubes Protrude In The Case Of Large Cells And The Cell Is ...

Functions Of Banking
Functions Of Banking A Bank Is Usually Thought Of As A Reliable Agency With Which Money Is Deposited. This Idea Is An Approximation To The Truth, But It Is Wanting In Precision. A Bank Must Be Distinguished From A Mere Depository, One Who Receives A Package Of Valuables For Safe ...

G I O V
Barbieri, G I O V A N N I F R A N C E S C O (otherwise Called Guercino, From His Squinting) (1591-1666), Italian His Torical Painter, Was Born At Cento, Near Bologna. His Artistic Powers Were Developed Very Rapidly, And At The Age Of Seventeen He Was ...

Gabor Baross
Baross, Gabor (1848-1892), Hungarian Statesman, Was Born At Trencsen On July 6, 1848, And Educated At Esztergom. He Entered Parliament In 1875, And Attached Himself To Kalman Tisza. In 1883 He Was Appointed Secretary To The Ministry Of Ways And Communications, And In 1886 He Was Appointed Minister Of Ways ...

Gabriel Biel
Biel, Gabriel (d. 1495), Scholastic Philosopher, Born At Spires (speier). He Was The First Professor Of Theology At The Newly Founded (147 7) University Of Tubingen, Of Which He Was Twice Rector, And At Some Uncertain Date Entered The Order Of The Brothers Of The Common Life. His Work Consists ...

Gabriel Gabor Bethlen
Bethlen, Gabriel (gabor) (1580-1629), Prince Of Transylvania, The Most Famous Representative Of The Iktari Branch Of A Very Ancient Hungarian Family, Was Born At Illye, And Edu Cated At Szarhegy, At The Castle Of His Uncle Andras Lazar. Thence He Was Sent To The Court Of Prince Zsigmond Bathory, Whom ...

Galli Da Bibiena Bibbiena
Bibiena (bibbiena), Galli Da, A Family Of Italian Artists Of The 17th And 18th Centuries, Who Took Their Name From The Birthplace Of Their Progenitor, Giovanni Maria Galli (1625-65) Born At Bibiena Near Bologna. He Was A Painter, A Pupil Of Fran Cesco Albani. He First Laid The Foundations Of ...

Gaspard Bauhin
Bauhin, Gaspard (156o-1624), Swiss Botanist And Anatomist, Was The Son Of A French Physician, Jean Bauhin (15 I I 1582), A Protestant Exile In Switzerland. He Was Born At Basle On Jan. 7, 156o, And Studied Medicine At Padua, Montpelier, And Some Of The Celebrated Schools In Germany. In 1582 ...

Gaspard Caspar Berthelsen Bartholinus
Bartholinus, Gaspard (caspar Berthelsen) (1585-1629), Physician, Was Born In 1585 At Malmo, In Sweden. His Precocity Was Extraordinary; At Three Years Of Age He Was Able To Read, And In His 13th Year He Composed Greek And Latin Orations And Delivered Them In Public. He Studied At Copenhagen And Afterwards ...

Gebhard Leberecht Von Blucher
Blucher, Gebhard Leberecht Von (1742 1819), Prussian General Field-marshal, Prince Of Wahlstadt In Silesia, Was Born At Rostock On Dec. 16, 1742. In His 14th Year He Entered The Service Of Sweden, And In The Pomeranian Campaign Of 176o He Was Taken Prisoner By The Prussians. He Was Persuaded By ...

Georg Bilfinger Or Bulffinger
Bilfinger Or Bulffinger, Georg (1693-175o), German Philosopher, Mathematician And Statesman, Was Born On Jan. 23, 1693, At Kanstatt, Wurttemberg. He Studied Philosophy Under Wolff, Became Professor Of Phil Osophy (17 21) And Then Of Mathematics (17 24) At Halle. His Dilucidationes Philosophicae De Deo, Anima Humana, Mundo (tu Bingen, 17 ...

George Anne Bellamy
Bellamy, George Anne (17 2 7-1788 ), English Ac Tress, Born At Fingal, Ireland, By Her Own Account, On April 23, 1733, But More Probably In 17 2 7 ; The Illegitimate Daughter Of Lord Tyrawley. On His Appointment As Ambassador To Russia, She Went To Live With Her Mother ...

George Bancroft
Bancroft, George (1800-1891), American Historian And Statesman, Was Born In Worcester, Mass., On Oct. 3, I800. His Family Had Been In America Since 1632, And His Father, Aaron Bancroft, Was Distinguished As A Revolutionary Soldier, Clergy Man And Author. The Son Was Educated At Phillips Academy, Exeter, At Harvard University, ...

George Bannatyne
Bannatyne, George Collector Of Scottish Poems, Was A Native Of Newtyle, Forfarshire. He Be Came An Edinburgh Merchant And Was Admitted A Burgess In 1587. Some Years Earlier, In 1568, When The "pest" Raged In The Capital, He Retired To His Native County And Amused Himself By Writing Out Copies ...

George Barrington
Barrington, George (b. 1755), An Irishman With A Curious History, Was Born At Maynooth On May The Son Of A Working Silversmith Named Waldron. In 1771 He Robbed His Schoolmaster At Dublin And Ran Away From School, Finally Joining The Manager Of A Touring Theatrical Company In Pocket-picking. He Came ...

George Benson
Benson, George (1699-1762), English Dissenting Min Ister, Was Born At Great Salkeld, In Cumberland. His Most Impor Tant Works Are : History Of The First Planting Of The Christian Re Ligion (1738) ; Reasonableness Of The Christian Religion ) The History Of The Life Of Jesus Christ, Posthumously Published In ...

George Bentham
Bentham, George (1800-1 884), English Botanist, Was Born At Stoke Near Portsmouth On Sept. 22, I800. His Father, Sir Samuel Bentham (1757-1831), The Only Brother Of Jeremy Bentham, Was A Naval Architect In The Service Of The Empress Catherine Ii. Of Russia. The Bentham Family Spent Much Time On The ...

George Berkeley
Berkeley, George (1685-1753), Irish Bishop And Philosopher, The Eldest Son Of William Berkeley (an Officer Of Customs), Was Born On March 12, 1685, In A Cottage Near Dysert Castle, Thomastown, Ireland. He Passed From The School At Kil Kenny To Trinity College, Dublin (1700). During His Career At Dublin The ...

George Birkbeck
Birkbeck, George (1 7 76-1841 ), English Physician And Philanthropist, Was Born At Settle In Yorkshire On Jan. R O, 1 7 76. In R 799, After Graduating As Doctor Of Medicine, He Was Appointed To The Chair Of Natural Philosophy At The Andersonian Institution Of Glasgow. In The Following ...

George Boole
Boole, George English Logician And Math Ematician, Was Born In Lincoln On Nov. 2, 1815, The Son Of A Tradesman Of Limited Means. When About 16 Years Of Age, Boole Became Assistant-master In A Private School At Doncaster. Later He Established A Successful School At Lincoln, And In 1849 Was ...

George Bradshaw
Bradshaw, George (1801-1853), English Printer And Publisher, Was Born Near Pendleton, Lancashire, On July 29, 1801. On Leaving School He Was Apprenticed To An Engraver At Manches Ter, Eventually Setting Up On His Own Account In That City As An En Graver And Printer-principally Of Maps. His Name Was Already ...

George Calvert Baltimore
Baltimore, George Calvert, 1st Baron (c. 1580-163 2) , English States Man, Whose Name Is Associated With The Foundation Of Maryland, Son Of Leonard Calvert, And Alice, Daughter Of John Cros Land Of Crosland, Was Born At Kipling In Yorkshire And Educated At Trinity Col Lege, Oxford. After Travelling On ...

George Edwin Bissell
Bissell, George Edwin American Sculptor, Was Born At New Preston (conn.), On Feb. 16, During The Civil War He Served As A Private In The 23rd Con Necticut Volunteers In The Department Of The Gulf (1862-63), And On Being Mustered Out Became Acting Assistant Paymaster In The South Atlantic Squadron. ...

George Ernest Jean Marie
Boulanger, George Ernest Jean Marie (1837-1891), French General, Was Born At Rennes On April 29, 1837. He Entered The Army In 1856, And Served In Algeria, Italy, Cochin-china And The Franco-german War, Earning The Repu Tation Of Being A Smart Soldier. He Was Made A Brigadier-general In 1880 On The ...

George Frederick Bodley
Bodley, George Frederick English Architect, Was Born At Hull On March 14, 1827, The Son Of A Physician. He Was Articled To Sir Gilbert Scott, Under Whose In Fluence He Became Imbued With The Spirit Of The Gothic Revival, And Gradually Became Known As The Chief Exponent Of 14th Cen ...

George Granville Bradley
Bradley, George Granville Eng Lish Divine And Scholar, Was Born On Dec. I1, 1821, At Glasbury, Brecon. He Was Educated At Rugby Under Thomas Arnold, And At University College, Oxford, Of Which He Became A Fellow In 1844. He Was An Assistant Master At Rugby From 1846 To 1858, When ...

George Grey Barnard
Barnard, George Grey American Sculptor, Was Born At Bellefonte (pa.), On May 24, 1863. He First Studied At The Art Institute, Chicago, And In 1883-87 Worked In P. T. Cavelier's Atelier At Paris. He Lived In Paris For 12 Years, Returning To America In 1896; And With His First Exhibit ...

George Henry Borrow
Borrow, George Henry (1803-1881), English Traveller, Linguist And Author, Was Born At East Dereham, Norfolk, On July 5, 18o3, Of A Middle-class Cornish Family. From 1816 To 1818 Borrow Attended The Grammar School At Norwich. After Leaving School He Was Articled To A Firm Of Norwich Solicitors, Where He Neglected ...

George Henry Boughton
Boughton, George Henry Anglo American Painter, Born Near Norwich, England, And Brought Up At Albany, N.y. He Studied Art In Paris In 1861-62, And Then Lived Mainly In London; He Was Much Influenced By Frederick Walker, And The Delicacy And Grace Of His Pictures Soon Made His Reputation. He Was ...

George Joseph Bell
Bell, George Joseph (177o-1843), Scots Jurist, Born At Edinburgh On March 20, 1770, An Elder Brother Of Sir Charles Bell, Became Advocate In 1791. He Was One Of The Earliest And Best Friends Of Francis Jeffrey. In 1804 He Published A Treatise On The Law Of Bankruptcy In Scotland Which ...

George Parker Bidder
Bidder, George Parker English Engineer, Was Born At Moreton Hampstead, Devon, On June 14, 18o6, And Died At Dartmouth On Sept. 28, 1878. As A Child He Had An Extraordinary Capacity For Computation, And His Father, A Stone-mason, Exhibited Him As A "calculating Boy." From This Career He Was Rescued ...

George Sewall Boutwell
Boutwell, George Sewall Ameri Can Statesman, Was Born In Brookline, Mass., On Jan. 28, 1818. He Was Reared On A Farm, And At An Early Age Began A Mercantile Ca Reer At Groton, Massachusetts. There He Studied Law And In 1836 Was Admitted To The Bar. In 1842-44 And Again ...

George Wesley Bellows
Bellows, George Wesley American Artist, Was Born In Columbus (0.), On Aug. 12, 1882. Educated At Ohio State University, He Moved In 19o4 To New York, Where He Studied Art Under Robert Henri. In 191o, 1918 And 1919 He Was An Instructor At The Art Students' League In New York ...

Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell
Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian (1868-1926), English Traveller And Administrator, Daughter Of Sir Hugh Bell, Bart., By His First Marriage, Was One Of The Most Re Markable Women Of Her Time. Her Childhood Was Spent In The Charming Surroundings And Liberal Atmosphere Of The Yorkshire Home Of Her Father And Step-mother, ...

Ghaisne De
Ghaisne De (1 7 Marshal Of France, Entered The Gardes Francaises Of The Royal Army Shortly Before The Revolution, Emi Grated In 1789, And Served With Conde And The Army Of The Emigres In The Campaigns Of 1792 And 1793, Subsequently Serving As Chief Of Staff To Scepeaux, The Royalist ...

Giacomo Barocchio Or Barozzi
Barocchio Or Barozzi, Giacomo, Called Da Vignola (1507-1573), Italian Architect, Was Born At Vignola In The Modenese Territory On Oct. 1, 1507, And Died In Rome On July 7, In 1564 He Succeeded Michelangelo As The Architect Of St. Peter's, And Executed Various Portions Of That Fabric, Besides A Variety ...

Giacomo Boni
Boni, Giacomo (1859-1925), Italian Archaeologist And Classical Scholar, Was Born In Venice April 25 1859. He Entered The Venice Academy Of Fine Arts, Where He Graduated As An Architect, After Which He Studied Practical Mechanics In England. On Returning To Venice He Became Assistant In The Work Of Restor Ing ...

Giambattista Bodoni
Bodoni, Giambattista Italian Printer, Was Born In I74o At Saluzzo In Piedmont, The Son Of A Printer. He Became A Compositor For The Press Of The Propaganda. The Infante Don Ferdinand, Afterwards Duke Of Parma, Placed Him In Charge Of His Fine Printing-house In Parma, Which He Soon Rendered The ...

Gilles Binchois
Binchois, Gilles, An Early 5th-century Flemish Mu Sical Composer, Evidently Named After His Birthplace, Binche, Near Mons. He Was Esteemed By Contemporary And Later Theo Rists As Second Only To Dunstable And Dufay. A Selection Of His Works Is Printed In Denkmdler Der Tonkunst In Oesterreich (vols. Vii. And Xi.). ...

Giorgio Blandrata Or Biandrata
Blandrata Or Biandrata, Giorgio (c. 1588), Italian Physician And Polemic, Was Born At Saluzzo. He Studied At Montpellier In 1533, And Specialized In The Functional And Nervous Disorders Of Women. He Attended The English Wife (jane Stafford) Of Count Celso Massimiliano Martinengo, Preacher Of The Italian Church At Geneva, And ...

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli
Borelli, Giovanni Alfonso Italian Physiologist And Physicist, Was Born At Naples. He Was Appointed Professor Of Mathematics At Messina In 1649 And At Pisa In 1656. In 1667 He Returned To Messina, But In 1674 Was Obliged To Retire To Rome, Where He Lived Under The Protection Of Christina, Queen ...

Giovanni An Tonio Boltraffio
Boltraffio (beltraffio), Giovanni An Tonio (1467-1516), Italian Painter Of The Lombard School, Influenced By Leonardo Da Vinci. He Belonged To A Distinguished Milanese Family And Occupied Important Civic Posts In His Native Town, Painting As An Accomplished Amateur, Rather Than As An Artist By Profession. His Epitaph, Which Was Removed ...

Giovanni Bat Tista Bononcini
Bononcini Or Buononcini, Giovanni Bat Tista (1672-175o?), Italian Musical Composer, Was The Son Of The Composer Giovanni Maria Bononcini (164o-1678), Best Known As The Author Of A Treatise Entitled Il Musico Prattico (bologna, 1673), And Brother Of The Composer Marc' Antonio Bononcini (1675-1726), With Whom He Has Often Been Confused. ...

Giovanni Battista Beccaria
Beccaria, Giovanni Battista (1716-1781), Italian Physicist, Was Born At Mondovi, And Entered The Religious Order Of The Pious Schools In 1732. He Became Professor Of Experimental Physics, First At Palermo, Then At Rome, And Later At Turin, Where He Died. Beccaria, Who Was A Fellow Of The English Royal Society, ...