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Volume 7, Part 2: Damascus to Education in Animals

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Duma
Duma, An Old Russian Word Meaning Thought ; In Connection With The Adjective Gosudarstvennaya (of Empire) Was The Name Of The First Russian House Of Representatives, Granted By Nicholas Ii. (oct. 3o, 1905), And After The Amendment Of The Electoral Law (dec. 24, 1905), Formally Sanctioned On March 5, 1906. ...

Dumaguete
Dumaguete, A Municipality (with Administration Centre And 22 Barrios Or Districts) And Capital Of The Province Of Oriental Negros, Of The Island Of Negros, Philippine Islands, On Tanon Strait, 424 M. From Manila. Pop. (1918), 16,336, Of Whom 65 Were Whites. This Municipality, An Important Commercial Centre And The Seat ...

Dumanjug
Dumanjug, A Municipality (with Administration Centre And 32 Barrios Or Districts), Of The Province And Island Of Cebu, Philippine Islands, On The West Coast, At The Mouth Of The Duman Jug River, About 4o M. S.w. Of Cebu, The Provincial Capital. Pop. (1918), 23,678, Of Whom None Were White. Communication ...

Dumb Waiter
Dumb Waiter, Originally A Small Oblong Or Circular Table To Hold Reserve Plates, Knives And Forks, And Other Necessaries For A Meal. It Came Into Use In England Towards The End Of The I8th Century, And Some Exceedingly Elegant Examples Were Designed By Sheraton And His School. They Were Usually ...

Dumbarton
Dumbarton, Royal, Municipal And Police Burgh, Seaport, And County Town, Dumbartonshire, Scotland, On The River Leven, Near Its Confluence With The Clyde, 151 M. W. By N. Of Glasgow By The L.n.e.r. And L.m.s.r. Pop. (1931) 21,546. The Alcluith ("hill Of The Clyde") Of The Britons, And Dumbreatan ("fort Of ...

Dumbartonshire
Dumbartonshire, Western County, Scotland, Bounded North By Perthshire, East By Stirlingshire, South-east By Lanark Shire, South By The Clyde And Its Estuary, And West By Loch Long And Argyllshire. The Detached Parish Of Kirkintilloch And Part Of That Of Cumbernauld Are Enclosed Between The Shires Of Stirling And Lanark. This ...

Dumfries
Dumfries, Royal Burgh, Parish And County Town, Dumfries Shire, Scotland (gaelic, "the Fort In The Copse"). It Lies On The Left Bank Of The Nith, About 8 M. From The Solway Firth And 82 M. S.e. Of Glasgow By The L.m.s.r., And Is A Junction For Several Lines. Pop. (1931) ...

Dumfriesshire
Dumfriesshire, Border County, Scotland, Bounded South By Solway Firth, South-east By Cumberland, East By Rox Burghshire, North By The Shires Of Lanark, Peebles And Selkirk, And West By Ayrshire And Kirkcudbrightshire. Area (excluding Water) 686,302 Acres. The County Slopes Gradually From Uplands Of 2, 70o Ft. In The North Down ...

Dumka
Dumka (pl. Dumky), A Little Russian Term Signifying A La Ment And Employed Frequently By Dvorak In His Chamber Works To Designate Movements Of A Melancholy, Mournful Character. The English Word "dump," Signifying A Melancholy Mood, And Also A Doleful Ditty, Is Possibly Akin. Cf. Also Ger. Dumpf, Meaning Dull, ...

Dummy
Dummy, In Advertising And Printing, A Material Representa Tion Or Full-sized Complete Physical Model Showing The General Appearance Of A Proposed Folder, Pamphlet, Or Other Piece Of Printing. It Is Used As A Guide Both In Sketching In The Details Of The Various Pages And In Assisting The Printer To ...

Dumont
Dumont, The Name Of A Family Of Prominent French Artists. Francois Dumont (1688-1726), A Sculptor, Best Known For His Figures In The Church Of Saint Sulpice, Paris, Was The Brother Of The Painter Jacques Dumont, Known As "le Romain" 0701-1781), Whose Chief Success Was Gained With A Great Allegorical Composi ...

Dumortierite
Dumortierite, A Mineral First Recorded From Pegma Tite In Gneiss At Chaponost, Near Lyons, France, And Named After E. Dumortier, A French Palaeontologist. It Is Essentially A Basic Aluminium Borosilicate, Most Reliable Analyses Conforming To The Formula Crystallizing In The Rhombic System, It Occurs Usually In Fibrous Or Columnar Aggregates ...

Dump I
Dump. (i) (of Obscure Origin), A State Of Wonder, Perplexity Or Melancholy. The Word Thus Occurs Particularly In The Plural, In Such Phrases As "doleful Dumps." It Was Also Formerly Used For A Tune, Especially One Of A Mournful Kind. (2) (connected With "dumpy," But Appearing Later Than That Word, ...

Dumping
Dumping, Term Commonly Used To Describe The Sale Of Goods For Export At Prices Lower Than Those Charged At The Same Time And Under Like Circumstances To Buyers In The Country Of Manufacture. Anti-dumping Legislation Exists In The United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, The Union Of South Africa, And ...

Dunash
Dunash, The Name Of Two Jewish Scholars Of The I Oth Cen Tury. I. Dunash Ben Labrat, Grammarian And Poet, Belonged To The Brilliant Circle Attracted To Cordova By Hasdai, And Took A Large Share In Promoting The Jewish "golden Age" Under The Moors In Andalusia. Dunash Not Only Helped ...

Dunbar
Dunbar, Royal Parish And Police Burgh (gaelic, "the Fort On The Point"), And Seaport, East Lothian, Scotland. Pop. (i 93i) 3,751. It Is On The Southern Shore Of The Entrance To The Firth Of Forth, 294 M. E. By N. Of Edinburgh By The L.n.e.r. Dunbar Is Said To Have ...

Dunblane
Dunblane, Police Burgh And Parish, Perthshire, Scotland, On The Left Bank Of Allan Water, A Tributary Of The Forth, 5 M. N. By W. Of Stirling By The L.m.s.r. Pop. (1931) 2,692. It Is A Place Of Great Antiquity, With Narrow Streets And Old-fashioned Houses. Industry Is Limited, But A ...

Duncan I
Duncan I. (d. 5040) Was A Son Of Crinan Or Cronan, Lay Abbot Of Dunkeld, And Became King Of The Scots In Succession To His Maternal Grandfather, Malcolm Ii., In I034, Having Previously As Rex Cumbrorum Ruled In Strathclyde. His Accession Was "the First Example Of Inheritance Of The Scottish ...

Duncan Ii
Duncan Ii. (d. 1094) Was A Son Of Malcolm Iii. And Therefore A Grandson Of Duncan I. For A Time He Lived As A Hostage In Eng Land And Became King Of The Scots After Driving Out His Uncle, Donald Bane, In 1093, An Enterprise In Which He Was Helped ...

Duncan
Duncan, A City Of Southern Oklahoma, U.s.a., On Federal Highway 81 And The Rock Island Railroad; The County Seat Of Stephens County. The Population Was 3,463 In 1920 (97% Native White), And Was 8,363 In 193o By The Federal Census. The Surrounding Country Is In Transition From Grazing To Intensive ...

Dunce
Dunce, A Stupid Person, Incapable Of Learning. "duns" Or "dunsman" Was A Name Applied By Their Opponents To The Scot Ists Or Followers Of Duns Scotus, The Great Schoolman. When, In The 16th Century, The Scotists Obstinately Opposed The "new Learning," The Term "duns" Or "dunce" Became, In The Mouths ...

Dundalk
Dundalk, A Seaport Of Co. Louth, Ireland, Near The Mouth Of The Castletown River, In Dundalk Bay. Pop. Of Urban District (1926) 14,007. It Is An Important Junction On The G.n. Railway, By Which It Is S4 M. N. From Dublin. Dundalk Was A Borough By Prescription, And Received Charters ...

Dundee
Dundee, Royal, Municipal And Police Burgh, County Of A City And Seaport Of Forfarshire, Scotland. Pop. (1931) Broughty Ferry (pop. I1,o58) Was Added To The Burgh In 1913, Making Its Acreage 6,548. It Lies On The North Shore Of The Firth Of Tay, 59+ M. N. By E. Of Edinburgh ...

Dunderlandsdal
Dunderlandsdal, A Valley Of Northern Norway, Draining South-westward From The Neighbouring Glaciers To The Ranenf Ford (lat. 66° 20' N.). Valuable Deposits Of Iron Ore (magnetite And Pyrites), First Worked In 1902, Occur Here. At The Mouth Of The River Is Mo, A Considerable Trading Village. The Valley Is Remarkable ...

Dunedin
Dunedin, A City Of New Zealand, Capital Of The Provincial District Of Otago, And The Seat Of A Bishop, In Taieri County. Pop. (census Of 1926) 85,197. It Lies I 5 M. From The Open Sea, At The Head Of Otago Harbour, A Narrow Inlet On The South-eastern Coast Of ...

Dunes
Dunes, Mounds Or Hills And Ridges Of Sand Heaped By Wind. They Are Numerous In (1) Deserts, Particularly In Low-lying Areas; (2) On Sandy Coasts With Onshore Winds; And (3) Near Rivers Of Which The Volume Varies, Leaving Sandy Beds Exposed During The Dry Season. The Areg Of The Sahara ...

Dunfermline
Dunfermline, A Royal Burgh And Parish, Fifeshire, Scot Land (gaelic, The Fort On The Crooked Linn"). Pop. (191 I) 28,103, 34,954. The Parish Was Enlarged In 1914, And Now Includes Rosyth. It Is Situated On High Ground 3 M. From The Shore Of The Firth Of Forth, With Two Stations ...

Dungannon
Dungannon, A Market Town Of Co. Tyrone, Ireland, 8 M. W. Of The South-western Shore Of Lough Neagh, 103 M. From Dublin By The G.n. Railway, With A Branch Line Thence To Cooks Town. Pop. Of Urban District (1926) 3,762. Its Early History Is That Of The O'neills, Whose Chief ...

Dungarpur
Dungarpur, An Indian State, In The Rajputana Agency, In The Extreme South Of Rajputana. A Large Portion Is Hilly, And Inhabited By Bhils. Its Area Is 1,447 Sq.m. In 1931 The Total Population Was 227,544. Kherwara Is The Headquarters Of The Mewar Bhil Corps. The Chiefs Of Dungarpur, Who Bear ...

Dungarvan
Dungarvan, A Market Town And Seaport Of Co. Water Ford, Ireland, 282 M. W.s.w. From Waterford By Rail. Pop. Of Urban District (1926), 5,202. It Is Situated On The Bay Of Dun Garvan, At The Mouth Of The Colligan, Which Divides The Town Into Two Parts. Dungarvan Was Incorporated In ...

Dungeness
Dungeness, Promontory, South Coast Of Kent, England, Near The Town Of Lydd. It Is A Low-lying Broad Bank Of Shingle, Forming The Seaward Apex Of The Great Romney Marshes. Its Sea Ward Accretion By The Formation Of Curved Shingle Beaches, Is About 6 Ft. Annually. The Sea Quickly Drops Into ...

Dungeon
Dungeon, The Prison In A Castle. The Word Is An Angli Cization Of Donjon, The French For Keep (q.v.), In Whose Cellars The Prison Is Usually Located. In Modern Usage, Dungeon Signifies, Especially, The Vaulted Chambers That Formed These Prisons, Hence Any Small, Vaulted, Prison-like Room, Particularly If Dark Or ...

Dunkeld
Dunkeld, Burgh Of Barony And Parish (with Dowally), Perthshire, Scotland, On The Left Bank Of The Tay, I 5 M. N.w. Of Perth By The L.m.s.r. The Station Is At Birnam, On The Right Bank. Pop. The River Is Crossed By A Bridge Of Seven Arches Designed By Thomas Telford ...

Dunkirk
Dunkirk, A Seaport Of Northern France (fr. Dunkerque), Capital Of An Arrondissement In The Department Of Nord, On The Straits Of Dover, 53 M. N.w. Of Lille On The Northern Railway. Pop. (1931) 31,763. Around A Chapel Founded By St. Eloi In The 7th Century A Small Village Sprang Up, ...

Dunkirk_2
Dunkirk, A City Of Chautauqua County, New York, On Lake Erie, 4om. S.w. Of Buffalo. It Is A Port Of Entry And Is Served By The Erie, The New York Central, The Nickel Plate And The Pennsylvania Railways. The Population In 193o Was 17,802. The City Is Pleasantly Situated High ...

Dunlin Or Oxbird
Dunlin Or Oxbird (tringa Alpine), One Of The Commonest Of The Sandpipers (q.v.) . It Breeds On Elevated Moors In Europe, N. Asia And N. America And In Winter Haunts The Mud Flats And Sand Banks In Large Flocks. A Smaller Species, T. Schinzi, Occurs In Parts Of Europe. In ...

Dunmore
Dunmore, A Borough Of Lackawanna County, Pa., U.s.a., Adjoining Scranton On The North-east. It Is Served By The Erie, The Lackawanna, And The Lackawanna And Wyoming Valley (elec Tric) Railways. The Population Was 20,250 In 192o (22% Foreign Born White), And It Was 22,627 In 193o By The Federal Census. ...

Dunmow
Dunmow (properly Great Dunmow), A Market Town In The Saffron Walden Parliamentary Division Of Essex, England, On The River Chelmer, 4o M. N.e. By N. From London On A Branch From Bishop's Stortford Of The L.n.e. Railway. Pop. Of Civil Parish (1921) 2,506. The Church Of St. Mary Is Decorated ...

Dunnock
Dunnock, A Name For The European Hedge-sparrow (pru Nella Modularis). (see Sparrow.) ...

Dunoon
Dunoon, Police Burgh And Parish (with Kilmun), Argyll Shire, Scotland, On The West Shore Of The Firth Of Clyde, Opposite To Gourock. Pop. (1931) 8,780. ('these Figures Are Increased In The Holiday Season.) Including Kirn And Hunter's Quay, It Presents A Practically Continuous Front Of Seaside Villas, With An Esplanade ...

Duns
Duns, Burgh Of Barony, Parish And County Town, Berwick Shire, Scotland. Pop. (1931) 1,788. It Is Situated 44 M. E.s.e. Of Edinburgh By Road, With A Station On The Branch Line Of The L.n.e.r. From Reston To St. Boswells. Trade In Grain And Flour Is Carried On, And Stock Sales ...

Dunsinane
Dunsinane, A Peak Of The Sidlaw Hills, In The Parish Of Collace, Perthshire, Scotland, 8 M. North-east Of Perth. It Is 1,012 Ft. High, And Commands A Fine View Of The Carse Of Gowrie And The Valley Of The Tay. Its Chief Claim To Mention, However, Is Due To Its ...

Dunstable
Dunstable, A Municipal Borough And Market Town In The Luton Parliamentary Division Of Bedfordshire, England, 37 And 47 M. N.w. Of London On Branches Of The L N.e. And L.m.s. Railways. Pop. (1931) 8,972. It Lies At An Elevation Of About 500 Ft. On The Northward Slope Of The Chiltern ...

Duntocher
Duntocher (gaelic, "the Fort Of Ill Hap"), A Small Town On Dalmuir Burn, Dumbartonshire, Scotland, 9 M. From Glas Gow. The District Contains Coal, Limestone And Ironstone, But There Is Not Much Mining. There Are Considerable Roman Remains In The Neighbourhood. Antoninus' Wall Passed Immediately To The South ; The ...

Dunwich
Dunwich, A Village In The Eye Parliamentary Division Of East Suffolk, England, On The Coast, 5 M. S.s.w. Of Southwold. Pop. Of Civil Parish (1921) 189. This Was In Anglo-saxon Days The Most Important Commercial Centre And Part Of East Anglia. It Was Probably A Romano-british Site. The Period Of ...

Dupont
Dupont, An Anthracite-mining Borough Of Luzerne County, Pa., U.s.a., Half Way Between Scranton And Wilkes-barre, On The Lackawanna And Wyoming Valley Railroad. The Population In 1920 Was (33% Foreign Born), And 5,161 In 1930. ...

Dupplin Moor
Dupplin Moor, Scene Of The Battle Of Dupplin, Aug. 9, 1332. This Battle Is Of Importance Not Only As The Turning Point In The Scottish Wars But As The Birthplace Of The Tactics Which Gained The English Victories Later Against France In The Hun Dred Years War (q.v.). The Series ...

Duquesne
Duquesne, A City Of Allegheny County, Pa., U.s.a., On The Monongahela River, I 2m. S.e. Of Pittsburgh ; Served By The Penn Sylvania Railroad. The Population Was 19,011 In 192o, Of Whom 5, Were Foreign-born White (largely From Central And Eastern Europe), And Was 21,396 In 193o By The Federal ...

Duralumin
Duralumin. An Aluminium Alloy Discovered By A. Wilm And Originally Made At Duren In Germany. It Possesses The Val Uable Property Of Being Greatly Strengthened By Heat Treatment, As Steel Is Hardened By Quenching And Tempering. In Addition To 94% Aluminium, 4% Of Copper And 1% Of Manganese, Duralumin Con ...

Duramen
Duramen, A Botanical Term For The Inner, Harder Wood Of A Tree, The Heart-wood. ...

Duran
Duran, A Jewish Provencal Family Of Rabbis And Scholars, Of Whom The Following Are The Most Important :- I. Profiat Duran, Called Also Ephodi. He Was In 1391 Com Pelled To Profess Christianity, But Remained Devoted To Judaism. His Chief Works Were Grammatical And Philosophical. In The Former Realm His ...

Durance
Durance (anc. Druentia), One Of The Principal Rivers Draining The French Slope Of The Alps Towards The Mediterranean. Its Total Length From Its Source In The High Alps Of Dauphine To Its Junction With The Rhone, A Little Below Avignon, Is 2171 Miles. It Is Commonly Said To Take Its ...

Durango
Durango, A City Of South-western Colorado, U.s.a., 6,525ft. Above Sea-level; The County Seat Of La Plata County. It Is On Federal Highways 450 And 55o, And Is Served By The Den Ver And Rio Grande Western And The Rio Grande Southern Rail Ways. The Population Was 4,116 In 1920, And ...

Durango_2
Durango, A State Of Northern Mexico, Bounded North By Chihuahua, East And South-east By Coahuila, South By Zacatecas And The State Of Nayarit, And West By Sinaloa. Pop. Area 42,272 Sq. Miles. Durango Is A Continuation Southward Of The High, Semi-arid Plateau Of Chi Huahua, With The Sierra Madre Extending ...

Durango_3
Durango, Sometimes Called Ciudad De Victoria, A City Of Mexico, Capital Of The State Of Durango, 574 M. N.w. Of The Federal Capital, In Lat. 24° 25' N., Long. 105° 55' W. Pop. (1930) 58,160. Durango Is Served By The Mexican International Railway. The City Stands In The Picturesque Guadiana ...

Durani Or Durrani
Durani Or Durrani, The Dominant Race Of Afghans, To Which The Ruling Family At Kabul Belongs. See Afghanistan. ...

Durant
Durant, A City Of Southern Oklahoma, U.s.a., I 5m. From The Red River; The County Seat Of Bryan County. It Is On Federal Highways 7o And 75, And Is Served By The Frisco, The Kansas, Oklahoma And Gulf And The Missouri—kansas—texas Railways. The Population Was 7,340 In 1920; 1930 It ...

Duration And Time
Duration And Time Are Commonly Used As Synon Ymous Terms. In Recent Philosophy, However, Great Stress Has Been Laid On The Need Of Differentiating Between Them In Order To Avoid Certain Confusions. The Difference Has Been Expressed Most Clearly By Bergson, Who, However, Has Only Revived And Elaborated The Distinction ...

Durazzo
Durazzo, A Seaport Of Albania. Pop. (1924) About 10,000, Of Whom 7o% Are Mohammedans, 25% Orthodox, And 5% Roman Catholics. Most Of The Merchant Class Are Of Vlach Origin. Durazzo Is The Seat Of A Roman Catholic Archbishop And A Greek Metropolitan. It Is Built On The Slope Of Mt. ...

Durban
Durban, A Seaport On The Coast Of Natal, Union Of South Africa, Situated In 29° 52' S., 31° 1' E., Just South Of The Um Beni River. It Is 6,992 Nautical Miles From London By The West Coast Route, And 7,785 Via Suez. Owing To Its Low Latitude And Proximity ...

Durbar
Durbar, A Term In India For A Court Or Levee, From The Persian Darbar. A Durbar May Be Either A Council For Administer Ing Affairs Of State, Or A Purely Ceremonial Gathering. In The Former Sense The Native Rulers Of India In The Past Received Vis Itors And Conducted Business ...

Duren
Duren, A Town In Rhenish Prussia, Germany, On The Right Bank Of The Roer, 19 M. E. From Aix-la-chapelle On The Main Line Of Railway To Cologne. Pop. (1 933) 40,882. The Gothic St. Annakirche Is Said To Contain A Portion Of The Head Of The Saint, To The Shrine ...

Durene
Durene (1.2.4.5 Tetramethylbenzene) A Hydro Carbon Occurring In The Light Oils Of Coal-tar And Prepared By The Action Of Methyl Iodide On Brompseudocumene Or 4.6 Dibrom Me Taxylene, In Presence Of Sodium ; Or By The Action Of Methyl Chloride On Toluene, In Presence Of Anhydrous Aluminium Chlo Ride. It ...

Duress
Duress, In Law, Constraint Or Compulsion. Duress May Be Of Two Kinds. It May Consist Of Personal Restraint Or Actual Vio Lence Or Imprisonment ; Or It May Be By Threats (per Minas) , As Where A Person Is Compelled To An Act By Threats Of Immediate Death Or Grievous ...

Durfort
Durfort, A Family Distinguished In French And English History And Taking Its Name From A Feudal Lordship Situated At The Village Of Durfort, In South-western France, Formerly In The Province Of Guienne, Now In The Department Of Tarn-et-garonne, 18 M. North-west Of Montauban. The Pedigree Of The Family Is Only ...

Durga
Durga, One Of The Many Cult-titles Of Devi, "the Goddess," In Hindu Mythology. Durga First Appears In The Epics, As A Name Of Uma, Wife Of Siva (q.v.), And She May Have Been Originally Worshipped By Savage Aborigines. She Is Also A Manifestation Of Kali (q.v.), And The Hook-swinging Rite ...

Durham
Durham, A County Of England Bounded North By Northum Berland, East By The North Sea, South By Yorkshire, And West By Westmorland And Cumberland. Area 1,014.6 Sq. Miles. The Derwent, A Tributary Of The Tyne, Forms Part Of The Northern Boundary With Northumberland, While The Tees In The South Forms ...

Durham_2
Durham, A City, And County Town Of Durham, England, 256 M. N. By W. From London, On The L.n.e. Railway. Pop. (1931), 16,223. The Nucleus Of The Site Is A Narrow, Rocky Penin Sula Formed By A Sharp Bend Of The River Wear, On Which Stands The Cathedral And Castle. ...

Durham_3
Durham, A City Of North Carolina, U.s.a., 25m. W. Of Raleigh ; The County Seat Of Durham County. It Is On Federal Highways 15, 70 And 501, And Is Served By The Durham And Southern, The Norfolk And Western, The Norfolk Southern, The Seaboard Air Line And The Southern Railways. ...

Durian
Durian, The Fruit Of Durio Zibethinus, A Tree Of The Family Bombacaceae, Which Attains A Height Of 7o Or 8oft., Has Oblong, Tapering Leaves, Rounded At The Base, And Yellowish-green Flowers, And Bears A General Resemblance To The Elm. The Durian Is Culti Vated In Sumatra, Java, Celebes And The ...

Duris
Duris, Of Samos, Greek Historian, According To His Own Ac Count A Descendant Of Alcibiades, Was Born About 34o B.c. He Must Have Passed His Early Years In Exile, Since From 352 To Samos Was Occupied By Athenian Cleruchs, Who Had Expelled The Original Inhabitants. He Was A Pupil Of ...

Durkheim
Durkheim, A Town In The Bavarian Palatinate, Germany, Near The Foot Of The Hardt Mountains, And At The Entrance Of The Valley Of The Isenach, 15 M. N.w. Of Spires On The Railway Mon Sheim-neustadt. Pop. (1925), 7,22o. The Town Hall Occupies The Site Of The Castle Of The Princes ...

Durlach
Durlach, A Town In The Land Of Baden, Germany, 2m. By Rail From Karlsruhe, With Which It Is Connected By Canal, On The Left Bank Of The Pfinz, At The Foot Of The Vineyard-covered Thurm Berg. Pop. (1933) 18,658. It Possesses A Castle (1565) Now A Bar Racks, And An ...

Durra
Durra (also Written Dourah, Dhura), A Cereal Grass, Sorg Hum Vulgare, Extensively Cultivated In Tropical And Semi-tropical Countries, Where The Grain, Made Into Bread, Forms An Important Article Of Diet. In Non-arabic-speaking Countries It Is Known By Other Names, Such As Indian Or African Millet, Pearl Millet, Guinea Corn And ...

Duryea
Duryea, An Anthracite-mining Borough Of Luzerne County, Pa., U.s.a., On The Susquehanna River And The Lackawanna Rail Road, 8m. S.w. Of Scranton. The Population In 1920 Was (28% Foreign-born White), And 8,503 In 193o. ...

Dusart
Dusart (du Sart) Cornelis, The Younger (166o 1704), Dutch Painter And Engraver. He Was Born At Haarlem On April 24, 166o, And Became One Of The Most Distinguished Pupils Of Adriaen Van Ostade, Following His Master Closely Both As Regards Style And Subject Matter. His Engravings Are Much Sought After. ...

Dusseldorf
Dusseldorf, A Government District (regierungsbezirk) Of Rhenish Prussia, Germany. Area 5,676 Sq.km. Pop. 4, 076,224. (2) A Town, The Capital Of The District. Pop. 617. It Is Situated On The Right Bank Of The Rhine 24 M. North West (by Rail) From Cologne. It Was Long A Place Of Small ...

Dust
Dust. Dust Is Earth Or Other Solid Matter In A Fine State Of Subdivision, So That The Particles Are Light Enough To Be Easily Raised And Carried As A Cloud By The Wind. The Presence Of Dust In The Atmosphere Is Obvious On The Most Casual Inspection. Far Tidies Of ...

Dutch Auction
Dutch Auction. A Form Of Auction In Which The Prop Erty For Sale Is Put Up At A Certain Figure, And If Not Bid For At That Price, Offered Successively At Lower Prices Until A Bid Is Ob Tained. The Starting Price Is Assumed To Be Higher Than The Seller ...

Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies The Dutch Possessions In Asia Lie Between 6° N., Off Sumatra, To I I ° 3o' S., Off Timor, And From 95° E., In Sumatra, To 14o° E., In New Guinea. Politically They Are Divided Into Lands Under Direct Government And Subject Native States. The Islands Are ...

Dutch Language And Literature
Dutch Language And Literature. Dutch Is Spoken In Europe By About Io,000,000 People Spread Over The Present Kingdom Of The Netherlands, The Northern Half Of Belgium And The Northern Part Of The French Departement Du Nord. Out Side Europe It Is Spoken In The Dutch Indies, Dutch Guiana And The ...

Dutch Metal
Dutch Metal. A Variety Of Brass, In Which The Propor Tion Of Zinc Is High, Giving The Alloy A Yellow Colour, Simulating Gold. The Proportions Of Copper And Zinc In Dutch Metal Range From To 85:15, The Colour Becoming Paler With The Higher Zinc Content. Dutch Metal Is Used In ...

Dutch Oven
Dutch Oven. This Utensil Was In General Use In American Colonial Days For Baking Before The Open Fire, Which Was The Only Means Of Cooking Except The Brick Oven (q.v.). It Was Round, Square Or Oblong, With The Front Open. The Round Variety Was Often Fitted With A Spit, Turned ...

Dutch Wars
Dutch Wars, A General Title For The Three Naval Wars Fought Between England And The United Provinces (1652-74) But Also For The Almost Continuous Series Of Land Campaigns Fought By The Dutch Against Louis Xiv. (1667-78). ...

Dutchmans Breeches
Dutchman's Breeches (dicentra Cucullaria), A North American Plant Of The Fumitory Family (fumariaceae), Known Also By Various Local Names, As Butterfly-banner, Boys And-girls, Ear-drops And Soldier's Cap, Native To Woods From Nova Scotia To South Dakota And Southward To North Carolina And Kansas. It Is A Smooth, Delicate Plant, Rising ...

Duty
Duty, A Term Loosely Applied To Any Action Or Course Of Action Which Is Regarded As Morally Incumbent, Apart From Per Sonal Likes And Dislikes Or Any External Compulsion. Such Action Must Be Viewed In Relation To A Principle, Which May Be Abstract In The Highest Sense (e.g., Obedience To ...

Duumviri Or Duoviri
Duumviri Or Duoviri, In Ancient Rome, The Official Style Of Two Joint Magistrates. Such Pairs Of Magistrates Were Appointed In Rome Itself And In The Colonies And Municipia. (i) Duumviri Iuri (iure) Dicundo, Municipal Magistrates, Whose Duties Were Concerned With The Administration Of Justice. (2) Duumviri Quinquennales, Municipal Officers, Who ...

Dux
Dux, A Town Of Bohemia, Czechoslovakia, 86 M. N.n.w. Of Prague By Rail. Pop. C. 12,000. It Is Situated In The Centre Of An Extensive And Well-worked Lignite Deposit And Manufactures Glass, Porcelain And Earthenware. ...

Duxbury
Duxbury, A Town Of Plymouth County, Massachusetts, On Plymouth Bay, 36m. S.s.e. Of Boston; Served By The New York, New Haven And Hartford Railroad. The Population In 193o Was 1,696. Duxbury Was Settled In 1631 By Miles Standish, William Brewster, John Alden And A Few Others, And Named After The ...

Dux_2
Dux (lat., Leader), In Music, An Old Name For The Opening Statement Of The Subject In A Fugue, So Called Because, Coming First, It Is The "leader"; The Second Statement, Or Answer, Being Called, In The Same Fanciful Spirit, The Comes Or Companion. (see Fugue And Contrapuntal Forms. ) ...

Dvina
Dvina, The Name Of Two Rivers Of European Russia. I. The Northern Dvina, Or Dvina Syevernaya, Belongs To The Basin Of The White Sea, And Is Formed By The Junction Of The Sukhona And The Yug, Which Meet In The Neighbourhood Of Vel Ikiy-ustyug, At A Height Of 30o Ft. ...

Dvur Kralove
Dvur Kralove, A Town Of North-east Bohemia, Czecho Slovakia, On The Left Bank Of The Elbe. It Is A Very Old City Founded By King Wenceslas Ii. Of Bohemia In The 13th Century And Given By Him To His Wife, Thus Deriving Its Name (the Court Of The Queen). During ...

Dwarf
Dwarf, The Term Generally Used To Describe An Extraordi Narily Under-sized Individual Of A Race Of Normal Stature (see Pygmy). In Scandinavian Mythology The Word Connoted Small Ness And Deformity, And Was Used Of The Elfins And Goblins Who Were Supposed To Live On The Mountains Or In The Bowels ...

Dwarka Or Jigat
Dwarka Or Jigat, Town, British India, In Baroda State, Near The Extremity Of The Peninsula Of Kathiawar, Bombay. Pop. (1931) 7,632. As Birthplace And Residence Of Krishna, It Is One Of The Most Sacred Spots In This Part Of India, And Attracts Many Thousands Of Pilgrims. The Port Of Ruphan, ...

Dwars
Dwars, A Tract Of Country In North-east India. It Consists Of Two Divisions, The Western Dwars And The Eastern Dwars, Both Of Which Belonged To Bhutan Prior To The Bhutan War Of 1864 65, As A Result Of Which They Passed Into Possession Of The British, When The Eastern Dwars ...

Dyaks Or Dayaks
Dyaks Or Dayaks, The Name Given To The Wild Tribes Found In Borneo By The Malays On Their First Settlement There. The Principal Groups Are: (i) The Sea Dyaks Or Ibans, (2) Kayans, (3) Kenyahs, (4) Klemantans, (5) Muruts, (6) Punans. (see Borneo : Ethnology.) ...

Dyeing
Dyeing. The Art Of Colouring Textile And Other Materials In Such A Way That The Colour Appears To Be A Property Of The Dyed Material And Not A Superficial Effect Such As That Produced By Painting. The Result Of A Dyeing Operation May Be Regarded As Satisfactory And The Substance ...

Dyersburg
Dyersburg, A City Of North-western Tennessee, U.s.a., 15m. From The Mississippi River ; The County Seat Of Dyer County. It Is On The Jefferson Davis Highway, And Is Served By The Gulf, Mobile And Northern And The Illinois Central Railways. The Pop Ulation Was 6,444 In 1920 (37% Negroes) And ...

Dyetskoye Selo
Dyetskoye Selo (detskoe Selo), A Town In North Rus Sia, Formerly Tsarskoye Selo, Is M. South Of Leningrad In Lat. S9° 43' N.. Long. 3o° 24' E., On The Duderhof Hills. Pop. (1926) 19, 284. When Peter The Great Took The Mouth Of The Neva River, A Finnish Village, Saarimois, ...

Dymoke
Dymoke, The Name Of An English Family Holding The Office Of King's Champion. The Functions Of The Champion Were To Ride Into Westminster Hall At The Coronation Banquet, And Challenge All Corners To Impugn The King's Title. (see Champion.) The Earliest Record Of The Ceremony At The Coronation Of An ...