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Radford's Cyclopedia of Construction, Vol 7: Fireproof Construction - Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls

A Modern Apartment House
A Modern Apartment House. The Monolithic Reinforced Concrete Skeleton Frame Of A Modern Apartment House Is Shown At The Right In Plate 16. From The Footings To The Roof, The Entire Framework Is Solid Concrete Re Inforced With Trussed Bars. All The Floors Are Of Reinforced Concrete And Hollow-tile Construc ...

Abutments And Piers
Abutments And Piers Design Of Abutments. The Supports At Each End Of A Bridge Are Known As Abutments. An Abutment Serves A Number Of Purposes: It Fur Nishes A Resting-place For The End Of The Span; It Distributes The Weight Of The Bridge Over The Foundation; And It Prevents The ...

Bridge Floors Of Reinforced
Bridge Floors Of Reinforced The Floor Of A Highway Bridge Is The Pavement Or The Construction Immediately Underlying And Supporting The Pavement; The Floor Or Deck Of A Railway Bridge Is The Construction Supporting The Rails, Or, In The Case Of Solid Floors, Supporting The Ballast, Ties, And Rails. In ...

Comparative Cost Of Concrete
Comparative Cost Of Concrete Bridges The Cost Of Concrete Bridge Construction Is Of Especial Interest When Compared With The Cost Of Bridge Construction Of Wood, Steel, Stone, Or Other Material, Because It Is The Constant En Deavor Of Engineers And Contractors To Find The Cheapest Form Of Construction Which Will ...

Concrete Arch Bridges
Concrete Arch Bridges An Arch-ring Carries The Loads Which Come Upon It, By Means Of Its Strength In Compression, And The Resistance Of The Abutments Upon Which It Exerts Its Thrust. For This Reason, Any Mate Rial With Sufficient Compressive Strength May Be Used To Construct An Arch. Stone Masonry ...

Concrete Bridges
Concrete Bridges Classification Of Bridges In General. A Bridge Is A Structure Which Furnishes A Passage Way From One Side Of An Opening Or Depression To The Other Side. A Bridge May Be Needed To Cross A Valley, Gulch, Stream, Canal, Road, Or Rail Way Track. If The Bridge Is ...

Concrete Retaining Walls
Concrete Retaining Walls A Retaining Wall Is A Wall Built For The Pur Pose Of Supporting Or Holding Back A Bank Of Earth, Rock, Or Other Loose Material. Such A Wall Is Required Wherever It Is Necessary To Have An Abrupt Change In The Level Of The Ground Sur Face, ...

Factory Vs Field Made
Factory Vs. Field-made In Regard To The Relative Merits Of Factory Made Reinforced Concrete Structural Work And Field-made Work, Mr. Charles D. Watson Says: "a Careful Analysis Of The Present Conditions Under Which Reinforced Concrete Is Constructed Cannot Help But Lead One To The Conclusion That Present Methods Are Still ...

Fireproof Construction Floors
Fireproof Construction Floors Ten Years Ago The Public Knew Comparatively Little Of The Merits Of Cement Concrete For Fire Proofing Purposes. There Was At That Time A Greatly Increased Demand For A Homogeneous Fireproofing Material Which Could Be Scientific Ally And Expeditiously Made; Which Would Be Come Uniform Throughout The ...

Girder And Slab Bridges
Girder And Slab Bridges Girder And Slab Bridges Are Known As Beam Bridges; And Carry The Loads Which Come Upon Them By Their Resistance To Bending. They Are Extensively Used For Short Spans And Low, Shal Low Crossings. These Bridges Are Very Interest Ing As Examples Of The Advantages Of ...

Labor
Labor The Following Brief Specifications For Mate Rials And Labor In Bridge And Culvert Construe Tion, Issued By The Corrugated Bar Company, Of St. Louis, May Be Regarded As Typical Of Stand Ard Modern Practice: Specifications For Materials And Labor Cement. Only Portland Cement Conforming To The Re Quirements Of ...

Miscellaneous Uses Of Reinforced
Miscellaneous Uses Of Reinforced Concrete In Other Chapters The Main Points In Rein Forced Concrete Construction Work Are Treated. The Use Of Reinforced Concrete Is Becoming So General, And Its Possibilities Are So Numerous And Of Such A Varied Description, That In This Rapidly Advancing Stage Of The Use Of ...

Official Report On Reinforced
Official Report On Reinforced Concrete As An Official Pronouncement Representing A Summary Of Approved Practice In Reinforced Con Crete Work, The Following Extracts From The Re Port Of The Committee On Reinforced Concrete Of The National Association Of Cement Users Will Be Found Of Great Interest And Practical Value: 2. ...

Pile Foundations
Pile Foundations Figs. 19 And 20 Show Comparisons Between The Use Of Concrete And Wood Piles In Foundation Work. Fig. 19 Shows The Smaller Number Of Ray Mond Concrete Piles Required To Sustain A Given Load As Compared With Wood Piles Under The Same Conditions. A Shows The Concrete Piles ...

Placing Of Forms
Placing Of Forms In An Article On The Placing Of Rods And Forms For Concrete Floors And Beams To Secure The Best Results, Thomas Potter Says: "it Is A Desirable Practice To Wash The Rods Or Bars With Liquid Cement Before They Are Embedded In The Con Crete; The Rods ...

Reinforced Concrete Brick Struction
Reinforced Concrete Brick Struction Joseph A. Hofmann, A California Inventor, Has Offered To The Building World A System Of Reinforced Brick Construction That Has Been Adopted Already By Many Builders Who Seek A System Of Construction That Will Defy Earth Quakes And Other Violent Forces. His System Pro Vides For ...

Reinforced Concrete Bridge
Reinforced Concrete Bridge Most Of The Carpenter And Other Labor Is Hired In The Town. Gravel, Sand, Stone, Cement, Lumber, Teaming, Board— Money For All These Goes Into The Business Of The Town. When The Bridge Is Built, It Increases In Strength As It Grows Older ; It Is The ...

Reinforced Concrete Culverts
Reinforced Concrete Culverts The Difference Between A Culvert And A Bridge Is Not Very Clearly Marked; A Large Cul Vert May Be Called A Small Bridge, And A Small Bridge Is But Little Different From A Culvert. The Two Structures May Best Be Distinguished By Their Purpose; A Bridge Is ...

Representative Concrete Structures
Representative Concrete Structures As Illustrative Of The Uses To Which Reinforced Concrete Has Been Put, We Describe In The Follow Ing Pages, And Illustrate In The Accompanying Plates, A Few Examples Of The Many Types Of Structures Which Are Becoming More Common Each Day. In The Line Of Bridges, Trestles, ...

Rules Specifications
Specifications, Rules, And Tables For Reinforced Concrete Bridge Construction Reinforced Concrete Construction Has Been Tried And Has Been Proved Satisfactory In Many Thousands Of Structures, And Still It Must Be Admitted That It Is In Its Infancy In The Matter Of Time. For This Reason, "good Practice" In Such Construction ...

Rules For The Design
Rules For The Design Of Railway Culverts Views. In General The Following Views Shall Be Shown: A Longitudinal Sectional Elevation Along Center Line Of Culvert. A Complete Plan Of Culvert. A Complete Plan Of Footings. A Half Cross-section At Center Line Of Track And At Parapet. An End View. . ...

Specifications For Design Of
Specifications For Design Of Concrete Bridges Bureau Of Surveys, Department Of Public Works, Philadelphia Data For Calculation. The Structure Shall Be Propor Tioned To Carry The Dead Load—consisting Of The Weight Of The Structural Material, Driveway And Sidewalk Forma Tion, Rails, Curbs, And Railings—and One Of The Following Classes Of ...

Specifications For Reinforced
Specifications For Reinforced As An Example Of The Manner In Which A Set Of Specifications Should Be Drawn Up For Rein Forced Concrete Work, The Trussed Concrete Steel Company Furnish The Following Form: General— It Is The Intention Of These Specifications To Include All That Is Considered Best In Theory ...

Standard Rules For Bridge
Standard Rules For Bridge Masonry Construction The Following Are Outline Rules And Specifica Tions For The Design And Construction Of Bridge Masonry, Similar To Those In Use By The Large Railroads Of The United States At The Present Day. They Are Intended To Cover Only The Main Features: General Rules ...

Superintendence And Inspection
Superintendence And Inspection The Florida East Coast Railway, Which Built The Famous Viaduct Of Concrete Arches Along The Florida Keys, To Which Reference Has Already Been Made, Issues The Following Instruc Tions To Its Inspectors On Concrete Work: Inspectors Will Be Required To Become Familiar With, And Carefully Follow Out, ...

The First Concrete Skyscraper
The First Concrete Skyscraper. The Building Shown At The Left In Plate 16 —the Ingalls Building, Cincinnati, 0.—is Of Spe Cial Interest From A Historical Point Of View At Least, As It Has The Distinction Of Being The First Skyscraper Or High Office Building Built Of Con Crete. Regarding It, ...

Trestles And Viaducts
Trestles And Viaducts Railway Trestles. A Trestle May Be Defined As A Long Bridge Made Up Of A Large Number Of Comparatively Short Spans. There Are Over 2,000 Miles Of Timber Railway Trestles In The United States. Some Of These Trestles Will Be Replaced By Earth Embankments; But A Large ...