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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 14

Finance
Finance. Under This Head Ilrdinrn•y Rerenu, Include The Proceeds Of Taxes, Special Assessments For Benefits, Like The Frontage Tax For Street Pav Ing. And Various Licenses And Fees. Li.rlroor•dinnry Lit Venue Includes Money From Loans. Bond Issues, And Trust Funds Or Bequests. Some Cities Of Con Tinental Europe Receive No ...

Finance_2
Finance. At The Close Of The War The State, By The Sale Of Public Lands, Formed A General Fund, The Revenues Of Which Were To De Fray The Expenses Of Government. And For Some Time This Was Actually Accomplished. Another Fund Was Established For School Purposes. In 18'14 The State ...

Finance_3
Finance. The Budget Of New York Is Eons More Than Three Times That Of Any Other American City, And Greater Than That Of Any Other City In The World. The Actual Income For 1001 Was $115,740,596, Including $1.285,821 Received From The State For Schools. Of This Amount, $76.886.091 Was Collected ...

Finances_2
Finances. The First Debt Of The State Was Created In 1825, When The Construction Of Several Important Canals Was Begun. In 1835 The Debt Amounted To $4.500,000. The State Continued To Subscribe To Railroad, Turnpike, And Canal Com Panies, Until In 1843 It Had A Public Debt Of $16. 880,000, ...

Fissures
Fissures. Of The Five Principal Fissures Of The Brain, Two Have Al Ready Been Mentioned—the Great Longitudinal Fissure, Separating The Hemispheres, And The Great Trans Verse Fissure, Separating The Cere Brum From The Cerebellum. Each Hemisphere Presents Three Fissures Which Separate The Hemisphere Into Lobes. These Are: (1) The Tiss-ure ...

Foreign Naval Schools
Foreign Naval Schools. The Naval School Of Argentina Is At Buenos Ayres. The Age At Date Of Admission Is Fourteen To Seventeen Years And The Course Is Four Years. The Instruction Is Very Good In Theoretical Branches, But The Practical Nautical Exercises Are Very Few. The Greater Part Of The ...

Fossil
Fossil Mosses. The Earliest Fossil Mosses, Muscites, Allied To The Modern Genus Polytri Chum, Are Found In The Carboniferous Rocks Of Commentry, France. Throughout The Mesozoic Formations Fossil Mosses Are Rare, Though Their Existence During The Liassic Is Inferred From The Presence In Rocks Of That Age Of A Beetle ...

Fossil Nautili
Fossil Nautili. Although The Family Naul Riche Dates From The Jurassic Period, The Genus Nauti Lus Is Doubtfully Referred To The Tertiary. The Order Nautiloidea, However, Originated As Early As The Ordovician; The Earlier Types Were Straight And Uncoiled, Like Orthoceras. Very Striking, Says Hyatt, Is The Marvelously Sudden Rise ...

France
France. The Success Of The French Navy Hi War Has Never Been Proportional To Its Strength. This Has Been Due To Disorganizing Forces From Without The Service Which Have Prevented Effi Ciency. Since The Fall Of The Empire The Navy Has Greatly Improved, And To Be At Present Highly Efficient ...

France
France. The French System Of Education Affords The Best Example Of Centralization And Uniformity In Educational Affairs That The World Has Seen. It Has Been Built Up Since The Revolution. And In Stead Of Taking Charge Of Existing Schools (most Of Which Were Clerical) The French Government Has Established Its ...

France_2
France. The Now Flourishing Gazette De France (daily) Is The Oldest Of All French News Papers. As The Gazette It Was Established At Paris In 1631 Under The Patronage Of Richelieu By Theophraste Renaudot (1584-1653). It First Appeared Weekly With A Monthly Supplement. And Afterwards As A Semi-weekly. Being Thus ...

Francis William 1805 97 Newman
Newman, Francis William (1805-97). An English Scholar And Writer, Brother Of John Henry Newman. He Was Born In London, June 27, 1805, And, With His Brothers, Attended The School At Ealing. Thence He Passed To Worcester College, Oxford, And In 1826 Obtained A Fellow Ship In Balliol College. He Withdrew ...

Frederick North
North, Frederick, Lord, Earl Of Guilford (1732-92). An English Statesman. Lie Was A Son Of Baron Guilford. After A Course At Eton And Trinity College, Oxford, And A Period Of Continental Travel. North Was At The Age Of Twenty-two Sent To The House Of Commons As Member From Banbury. A ...

Frederick Olmsted
Olmsted, Frederick L.vw (1522— ). A Great American Landscape Architect. After Spe Cial Studies At Yale Lniversity (1s45-46), He Sought Practical Knowledge Of Agriculture By Working On A Farm In Central New York And Subsequently On Staten Island, Contributing On Rural Subjects To Technical Periodicals. In 1830 He Made A ...

Geology
Geology. Although The Geological Structure Of The Island Has Not Yet Been Adequately Investi Gated. Important Discoveries Of Gold Have Been Made In British New Guinea—alluvial Gold On The Eastern Islands And Along The Alambare And Other Streams. And Auriferous Reefs On Mount Scratchley And In Other Places. Prospecting Has ...

Geology And Ai Lnera
Geology And Ai Lnera Ls. The Mountain And Plateau Regions Consist Mainly Of Paleozoic Rocks, Silurian In The South, Carboniferous In The Central Portion. And Dovonion In The North, While The Northeastern And Southeastern Coast Districts Are Overlaid With Lower Mesozoic Strata. There Are Considerable Outcrops Of Granites And Metamorphie ...

Geology And Min Eralogy
Geology And Min Eralogy. The Main Geo Logical Surface Formations Are Coincident With The Topographical Belts Described Above; In Fact, The Latter Are A Result Of The Former, And The Coastal Plain Is A Geological Rather Than A Topo Graphical Division. It Consists Of Cretaaccons And Tertiary Sands. Clays, And ...

Geology_2
Geology. The Principal Feature In The Geology Of Ohio Is The Broad Fold Or Anticlinal Whose Axis: Extends From Central Kentucky And Crosses Southwestern Ohio Near Cincinnati, Thence Run Ning, Northwest Into Indiana, While A Branch Axis Runs Northeast Toward The Western End Of Lake Erie. From This Axis The ...

Geometrical
Geometrical Ilatio Or Increase Or Organ Isms. ".\ Struggle For Existence," Says Darwin. "inevitably Follows From The High Rate At Which All Organic !wings Tend To Increase." There Is A Vast Destruction Of Seeds, Egos, Embryos, And Young. Were This Not The Ease The Earth Would Soon 'become Covered With ...

George 1763 1304 Howland
Howland, George (1763-1304). An Eng Lish Genre, Animal, And Landscape Painter, Born In London. He Inherited Talent From His Father, Henry Morland Painter, And Picture Dealer, Who Gave Him A Ing. At Sixteen He Exhibited At The Royal Acad Emy, And At Seventeen He Had Attained A Reputa Tion As ...

Germany
Germany. The News Sheets Of The Sixteenth Century Led To The Newspapers That Began To Appear Just After 1009. Frankfort-on-7nlain Was Among The First With The Frankf Urter Journal (1015) And The Frankfurter Oberpostanitszei Tang (1616), Which, As The Frankfurb•r Post Zeitany, Lived Till 1500. Periodical Papers Were Soon Established ...

Gouverneur 1752 1816 Morris
Morris, Gouverneur ( 1752-1816 ) . An American Statesman And Diplomat. He Was Born At Morrisania. N. Y.. January 31, 1752, And Graduated At King's (now Columbia) Col Lege In 1768. He Studied Law And Was Admitted To The Bar In 1771. In 1775 He Was Chosen To Represent Westchester ...

Government
Government, British New Guinea (estimated Area. 90,510 Square Miles; Population, 3.18.0%)0) Is To Crown Eolliny With An Administrator And A Legislative Emincil. The Expenses Of Adminis Tration, About :l475.000 A Year. Are Guaranteed By The Commonwealth Of Australia, Which Prac Tically Monopolizes The Trade. The Revenues Nre From ;450.000 To ...

Government
Government. The Basis Of The Present Consti Tution Of The Netherlands Is The Fundamental Law Of 1815. As Successively Revised In 1840, 1848, And 1887. According To This Constitution The State Is An Hereditary Mon:irchy. Having The Sys Tem Of Parliamentary O• Resimnsilde Government. The Law Of Succession Is Lineal ...

Great Britain
Great Britain. The Foundation Of The Present System Is The Elementary Education Act Of 1870. It Declared That Each District Where Sufficient Facilities For Elementary Instruction Were Not In Existence Should Provide Them. Schools Requiring Denomi-. National Instruction Or Charging More Than Nine Pence A Week For Tuition Were Not ...

Greece
Greece. The Pre-hellenic Greeks Seem To Have Used Rypsuun And Plaster Reliefs And Wall Paint Ings In Similar Fashion To The Assyrians. And The Greeks Of The Historic Period At First Show Signs Of Oriental Influence In The Violent Colors Applied To Gable. Frieze, And Metope Sculptures. Without The Oriental ...

Greece
Greece. With The Development Of Greek City Life After The Seventh Century Me. Several Classes Of Such Buildings Were Erected. Among These May Be Named The 7'1-titre (q.v.), Which Was Always Erected With Public Funds. And Which First Began Early Mr The Fifth Century N.c. To Be Built Of Stone ...

Harbor
Harbor. The Harbor Proper Consists Of The Lower And Upper Bays, The Former Covering About Ss Square Miles Of Anchorage, And The Latter 14 Square Miles. Between The Two Is Staten Island. The Principal Passage From One To The Other Is By Way Of The East Channel Called The Narrows. ...

Health
Health. New Orleans Has Always Been Sub Ject, At Intervals, To Visitations Of Yellow Fever, And Its Sanitary Reputation Has Been Thereby Seri Ously Impaired. Before The Civil War The Worst Epidemics Were Those Of 1832, When More Than 8000, Out Of A Population Of About 55,000, Died Of Yellow ...

Henry 1822 94 Morley
Morley, Henry (1822-94). An English Author, Burn In London, September 15, 1822. Ile Was Educated At A Moravian School At Neu Wied On The Rhine. And At King's College, London ( 1838-43) ; Practiced Medicine At Madeley, In Shropshire (1544-4s) ; And. Having Been Fleeced By A Colleague. He Started ...

Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham
Newcastle, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham Clinton, Fifth Duke Of (1811-64). An English Statesman. He Was Educated At Christ Church, Oxford, And Represented South Notts In Parliament From 1832 To 1846, When He Was Ousted By The Influence Of His Father, The Fourth Duke, For Supporting Sir Robert Peel In His ...

History
History. The Territory Now Constituting The State Was Originally A Part Of The Louisiana Purchase, And Afterwards A Part Of _missouri Territory. Coronado (q.v.), Setting Out From :mexico In -search Of The Seven Cities Of Cibola And Of Quivira, Claimed That In 1541 He Journeyed On The Great Plain As ...

History
History. New Orleans Was Laid Out In 1718 By .lean Baptiste Le 14;yne, Sieur 41e Bienville, Then Governor Of Louisiana, And It Was Named In Honor Of The Duke Of Orleans. Regent Of France. The Centre Of The New Settlement Was The Old Place D'armes, Now Callo41 Jackson Square. In ...

History Of Navigation
History Of Navigation. The Early History Of Navigation Is Wrapped In Obscurity. The Egyptians Had Vessels Large Enough To Be Called Ships About 3000 Years B.c., And Perhaps Long Before This. The Chinese Also Built Ships At A Very Early Date. The Appliances For Navigating These Vessels Must Have Been ...

History_2
History. Newfoundland Was Discovered By John Cabot In 1497, Hut The English Did Not Take Advantage Of The Discovery Fix Nearly A Century. In The Meantime The Cod-fisheries Attracted Nu Merous Portuguese. Spanish, And French Fisher Men. In 1583 Sir Humphrey Gilbert Took Formai Possession Of The Island For The ...

History_3
History. The Territory Included Within The Limits Of The Present State Was Claimed By The Dutch Without Any Definite Boundaries As A Part Of New Netherland, And Between 1614 And 1621 Settlements Were Made In What Is Now Bergen County, Swedes And Danes Also Settled On The Delaware River, But ...

History_4
History. The First Explorers Of The Region Were Spanish. Cabeca De Vaca Visited It In 1536, And Coronado (q.v.) Hr 1540-42. Espejo Wandered Over Much Of It In 1582-83. In 1598 Juan De Ofiate Conquered The Inhabitants, Who Were Pueblo Indians, And Not Aztecs, As Often Erroneously Stated. Santa, Fe ...

History_5
History. New Zealand Was Diseovered By Tas Man In December, 1042. In October. 1769, Captain Cook Landed At Poverty Bay, And In 1773 And 1777 Explored The Shores Of The Islands. The Period Before European Colonization Was Charac Terized By Fierce Wars Among The Native Tribes, Marked By Extensive Conquests ...

History_6
History. On July 4. 1554. Philip Amadas And Arthur Barlow, Sent By Sir Walter Raleigh Under A Eharter Granted By Queen Elizabeth To Make Explorations In America, Dropped Anchor Off The Present Coast Of North Carolina. On Their Return They Gave The Most Flattering Accounts Of The Country. The Next ...

History_7
History. Nubia Was A Part Of The Ancient Ethiopia. The Name Seems To Have Been Derived From Time Egyptian And ('optic Noub, Gold, A Name Still Retained In Wady Nouba. The Domin Ion Of The Pharaohs, When Most Extended, Reached To The Isle Of Argo, The Last Place Where The ...

History_8
History. No Essential Advance Was Made In The Theory Of Numbers Beyond The Knowledge Of The Greeks Until The Time Of Vieta And Bachet (1612). The Latter Gave A Satisfactory Treat Ment Of Indeterminate Equations Of The First Degree In Hi, Probkmes Plaisants Et ((elect Ables (1612; 5th Ed. 1884). ...

History_9
History. Ohio Was Formed From A Part Of The Northwest Territory (q.v.), And Includes A Port Bin Of The Virginia Cession Of 1754 And All Of The Connecticut Cession Of 1800. The First Explorers Cannot Be Surely Determined. Possibly La Salle, About 1670, Visited The Region. But He Left No ...

Horatio Nelson
Nelson, Horatio, Viscount (1758-1505). The Most Famous Of English Admirals. Ile Was Born At Burnham-thorpe, Norfolk, England, On September 29, 1758. His Father Was The Rector Of His Native Place, While His Mother Was A Grand-niece Of Sir Robert Walpole. Nelson Re Ceived Only A Slender Education, And At The ...

I The Chronology Of
I. The Chronology Of Tiie Life Of Ciirist. The Main Data Are To Be Found In The Gospels And Checked By Comparison With The Contempo Rary Events Of Secular History. (i) The Date Of The Xativity.—from Matthew We Learn That The Birth Of Jesus Took Place "in The Days Of ...

Incasement
Incasement Or' The Corpse. The Receptacles For The Dead Body Are Of Many Sorts. Among The Ancient Aleuts The Oirpsc Was Doubled Up And Fully Clothed. It Was Then Crated, Hung On The Wall Of A Cave, Or Set In A Safe Place On The Floor. The Eskimo Employ Tough ...

Independent Order Of Odd
Odd Fellows, Independent Order Of. A Fraternal Benevolent Order, Probably Founded In England Early In The Eighteenth Century, But In What Precise Year The Records Do Not Show. The Ancient Guilds Had Degenerated Into Social Convivial Clubs, Anti Were Replaced By Work Ingmen's Beneficial Societies, Out Of Which Were Later ...

India
"india. The Deportation Clause In The Early Libel Act. Censorship, And A Rigid License Net Restricted Journalism In India• And A Press Law Still Leaves All Newspapers Published In The Vernacular Subject To 11111111111sirative S1111dre...1011, Anglo-indian Journalism Began With The Indian Worbl, Calcutta, Edited By \\'illiain Duane In 1794, Deported ...

Industry And Commerce
Industry And Commerce. As A Manufactur Ing New Orleans Ha* Many Advantages, Among Which May Be Mentioned The Following: The Climate Is Moist Enough For Cotton Manufac Ture And Favorable For Continuous Labor Through Out The Year; The Raw Materials Need But Short Transportation; The Laboring Class Is Numerous And ...

Iniedleval Anti Modern Coins
.iniedleval Anti _modern Coins. There Is No Sharp Line Of Demarcation Ancient And Hers Coins, But The Byzantine Series, Which Continues The Mintages Of The Eastern Roman Empire, Is A Natural Link. Byzantine Coins Are: In Gold, The Solidus, With Its Half And Third; In Silver, The Siliqua, With Its ...

Instruments Of Percussion
Instruments Of Percussion. The Instru Ments Of Percussion May Be Divided Into Two Principal Classes: (a) Those Which Have Definite Pitch; (b) Those Which Have Not. The Former Class Comprises ( 1 ) The Kettle-drums; (2) The Glockenspiel; (3) The Xylophone. The Latter Class Includes: (1) The Bass Drum; (2) ...

Italy
Italy. The Modern Italian Navy Dates From 1860, When The Fleets Of Sardinia And The Two Sicilies Were Combined. Immediately After The Formation Of The Italian Kingdom The Construc Tion Of A Powerful Navy Was Commenced. The Newly Constructed Fleet Received A Severe Setback At Lissa, In 1866, Hut It ...

Iviortiviain Of
Iviortiviain (of. Mortemain. From Me,. Mortua Manus, Dead Hand), Statutes Of. The Term Mortmain Is Applied To The Perpetual Tenure Of Lands By Corporations, Particularly Church Cor Porations, Whose.members And Officers, Being Ec Clesiastics, Were By The Early Law Deemed Civilly Dead. And Hence The Derivation Of The Term As ...

Iviricchakatika
Iviricchakatika, (skt. Nircchokotika, Clay Cart). 'fhe Title Of A Sanskrit Play Of The Sixth Century Attributed To A King Named Sudraka, But Probably Written For Him By The Poet Damlin (q.v.). The Play. Which Is In Ten Acts• Is One Of The Most Exquisite Of All The Sanskrit Dramas. The ...

Jacques Offenbach
Offenbach, Jacques A French Operetta Composer, Born At Cologne, Of Jewish Parentage. He Went To France In 1833, And Studied The 'cello At The Paris Conservatory Under Vaslin. Afterwards He Played That Instrument In The Orchestra Of The Opi•ra Combine And Then Be Came Music Director At The Thaitre Francais. ...

James Douglas Morton
Morton, James Douglas, Fourth Earl Of (1530-81). Regent Of Scotland. The Second Son Of Sir George Douglas Of Pittendrieeh, In 1553 He Succeeded In Right Of His Wife, Eliza Beth, Daughter Of The Third Earl Of Douglas. To The Title And Estates Of The Earldom. Early Favored The Cause Of ...

James Morton
Morton, James (1845—). An American Physieian, Son Of William T. G. Alor Ton, The Introducer Of Ether Amrsthesia. Ile Was Born In Boston, Mass,. Edneated At The Boston Latin School. And Graduated At. Ilarvarol In 1867. Ile Engaged In Teaehing For A Year, And Then En I Mcdieni Graduated In ...

Jjan Odonoju
O'donoju, Jj'an (c.1755 1821), A Spanish Soldier And Viceroy, Born In Spain. Already Well Known In His Own Country, Lie Was Made Acting Viceroy Of Mexico In 1821. When He Arrived There Lie Found That Iturbide Was Practically Conqueror Of The Entire Province And That There Was Little Left For ...

Joh1nnes 1801 58 Muller
Muller, Joh.1nnes (1801-58). The Most Masterful. Accurate. And Influential Physiologist And Morphologist Of His Tittle. Lle Was Horn At C.oblenz. Inienish Prussia, July 14. 1801; Began To Slimly Theology, But Abandoned It. For Medicine, Beginning His Medical Studies At Bonn In The Autumn Of Isla. There Lw Prepared A Prize ...

Johann Ja Moser
Moser, Johann Ja Ou ( 1701-85) . A Ger Nnin Publicist, Born In Stuttgart. Ile Studied At The Cniversity Of Tiibingen, Where In 1720 He Became Professor Of Law. In Consequence Of Some Difficulties With The Censor, He Resigned This Po Sition In 1732. And In 1736 Answered A Call ...

Johann Joseph Most
Most, Johann Joseph. (1846— ). A German American Anarchist, Born At Augsburg In Ba Varia. Lle Learned The Trade Of Bookbinding. And In 1863-68 Traveled As An Apprentice Through Germany, Austria, Italy, And Switzerland. On His Return To Germany He Was First A Socialist Writer At Mainz And Afterwards Editor ...

Johannes
Johannes One Of The Most Eminent Of The Coadjutors Of Zwingli In The Swiss Reformation. The Name Teeolampadius Is A Grawized Form, After The .fashion Of The Time. His Real Name Is Variously Given As Ileussgen, Hansel'. And Huisehke; At Any Rate It Was Not Hausschein, As Has Been Inferred ...

John 1550 1617 Napier
Napier, John ( 1550-1617). A Scotch Mathe Matician, Born At Merchiston, Near Edinburgh. Lie Was Educated At Saint Andrews And Probably Also Abroad. Llis Natural Pugnacity Of Character Often Involved Him In Difficulties With His Neigh Bors And Tenants. In 1594 He Published His Plaine Discovery Of The Whole Revelation ...

John 1793 18761 Neal
Neal, John (1793-18761. An American Poet And Novelist Of English-quaker Descent, Born Ill Portland, Maine. Neal Was Self-educated, And Studied Law At Baltimore, Supporting Him Self By Literary Work With An Energy That Eharac Terized Him Throughout His Long And Varied Life. Between 1817 And 1519he Published Keep Cool, A ...

John Philip Newman
Newman, John Philip An American Clergyman. Bishop Of The Methodist Episcopal Church. He Was Born In New York City, And Educated At Cazenovia (n. Y.) Semi Nary, Whir: He Quitted In 1545 To Enter The Min Istry. He Followed The Itinerant Life Of A Met Ho. Dist Clergyman Until 18fi0. ...

John Strong 1822 92newberry
Newberry, John Strong ( 1822-92). An American Geologist, Born In Windsor, Conn. De Spent Most Of His Early Life In The Western Re Serve Of Ohio, And Received His College Education At The Western Reserve At Lhffison. Ohio, From Which He Graduated In 1846. And Then Entered The Cleveland Medical ...

Jowin
Jowin Austilla ; Pyrl.by 11.; William I.; (of Na,...,:111). Political 41 Iid R1.1 Igiouf• Dissensions Now Arose In The Republic. The Arminian Controversy In The Church Mingled Itself Unhappily With The Politieal Differences Between Prince 'alaurice, Of Nassau, Agid Borneveldt. Finally Barneveldt Was Seized, Eonglimmed Wit Limit Fair Trial. And ...

Julius Sterling 1832 1902 Morton
Morton, Julius Sterling (1832-1902). An American Political Leader. Lie Was Born In Adams, Jefferson County, N. V., And When Two Years Old. Was Taken To Michigan By His Parents. He Was Educated In The Nlethodist Episcopal Academy At Albion. And In 1850 Entered The University Of Michigan. Lie Completed His ...

Justin Morrill
Mor'rill, Justin Saint (18111-98). An Eminent American Legislator And Political Leader. Ile Was Born In Stratford, Vt., Received A Com Mon School Education, Became A Clerk In A Coun Try Store At The Age Of Fifteen, And Until 1855 Was Largely Engaged In Mercantile Pursuits, Though He Devoted Much Of ...

K Omarkhayyam
Omar Khayyam, K ( 7 ?1123). A Persian Poet And Astronomer. He Was A Native Of The City Of Nishapur In Khorasan. The Date Of His Birth Is Not Known, But It Was Probably Before The Middle Of The Eleventh Cen Tury. His Full Name Is Given As Ghiyath Ad-din ...

Karl Friedrich 1755 1557 Nebenius
Nebenius, Karl Friedrich (1755-1557). A German Statesman And Econo Mist, Born At Rhodt, Near Landau. In 1519 He Took A Prominent Part In Working Out The Baden Constitution, And For Many Years Was The Princi Pal Statesman Of The Grand Duchy. In 1s33 He Was Made Privy Councilor Of State. ...

Karl Iviiiller
Iviiiller, Karl °timed (1797-1840). A German Au-el Erobegist Aml Philologist, Born At Brieg, In Silesia. He Studio] At Breslau And Berli». Where Lie Was The Pupil Of August Boeckh. His Dissertation. Liber :eginolieorum (1817), Showed The Direction Of His Future Studies, Which Were Devoted To The Reconstruction Of The History ...

Kidney
Kidney. Membranes Line All Those Passages By Which Internal Parts Communicate With The Sur Face. And By Which Matters Are Either Admitted Into Or Eliminated From The Body. As A General Ride They Are Soft And Velvety, And Of A More Or Less Red Color. From Their Great Vascularity; But ...

Knight
Knight. In Continental Europe, The Nobles, After The Tenth Rentury, Assumed Territorial Names From Their Castles Or The Principal Town Or Village On Their Demesne; 'hence The Prefix De, Or Its German Equivalent Ron, Still Considered Over A Great Part Of The Continent As The Cri Terion Of Nobility Or ...

Legal Duty
Legal Duty. Passing Now To The Legal Duty Of Exercising Care, It Should He Borne In Mind That This Is Relative, Not Absolute; And Conse Quently, When It Has No Existence Between Par Ticular Parties, There Can Be No Such Thing As Negligence In The Legal Sense Of The Term. ...

Libraries And Museums
Libraries And Museums. For Many Years The Astor Library, Founded Under The Will Of John Jacob Astor, Who Died In 1848, Leaving $400,000 For The Purpose, Was The Only Free Library Of Importance In The City. The Mer Cantile Library, Which Was Founded In 1820, Is A Subscription Library With ...