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Volume 7, Part 2: Damascus to Education in Animals

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Jules Sebastien Cesar Dumont
Dumont D'urville, Jules Sebastien Cesar French Navigator, Was Born At Conde-sur-noireau, In Normandy. He Went To Sea In 1807 As A Novice On Board The "aquilon." During The Next 12 Years He Gradually Rose In The Service, And Added A Knowledge Of Botany, Entomology, English, German, Spanish, Italian And Even ...

Julius Duboc
Duboc, Julius (1829-1903), German Author And Phi Losopher, Was Born On Oct. 1 O, 1829, At Hamburg, And Died On June Ii, 1903, At Dresden. He Studied At Both Leipzig And Ber Lin And Became A Disciple Of Feuerbach. Evolutionary Monism, Atheism, And The Doctrine That Pleasure Is The End ...

Karl Joseph Eberth
Eberth, Karl Joseph (1835-1926), Bacteriologist, Was Born In Wiirzburg Where He Studied Under Kolliker And Vir Chow (qq.v.). He Was Called In 1874 To Zurich, And In 1881 To Halle. He Made Numerous Important Contributions To Bacteriology And Pathology, And Is Still Commemorated In The So-called "eberth's Bacillus," The Organic ...

Kristoffer Eckersberg
Eckersberg, Kristoffer Danish Painter, Was Born At Warnitz On Jan. 2, 1783. He Studied In Paris Under J. L. David, And Then Went To Rome, Where He Worked Until 1816 In Close Fellowship With Thorwaldsen. His Paintings From This Period—"the Spartan Boy," "bacchus And Ariadne" And "ulysses"—testify To The Influence ...

Lacroma
Lacroma (serbo-croatian Lokrum), An Island 2 M. To The S. Is Remarkable For The Beauty Of Its Vegetation. It Was A Favourite Resort Of The Austrian Crown Prince Rudolph (1857-89), And Of The Archduke Maximilian, Afterwards Emperor Of Mexico (1832– 67), Who Restored The Chateau And Park, In Which Are ...

Land Nationalization Land Tenure
Land Tenure, Land Nationalization, Labour, Rent, Supply And Demand, Demand, Value, Price, Prices, Utility, Wealth, Profit, Distribution, Wages, Wage System In Industry, Minimum Wage, Diminishing Returns, Economic Man, Economic Freedom And Competition. Various Schools Of Economic Thought Are Treated In The Articles Which Are Entitled Mercantile System, Laissez Faire, Social ...

Leopold Dukes
Dukes, Leopold (1810-1891), Hungarian Critic Of Jewish Literature. He Spent About Twenty Years In England, And From His Researches In The Bodleian Library And The British Mu Seum (which Contain Two Of The Most Valuable Hebrew Libraries In The World) Dukes Was Able To Complete The Work Of Zunz (q.v.). ...

Lionel Cranfield Sackville
Lionel Cranfield Sackville, 1st Duke Of Dorset (1688 1765), The Only Son Of The 6th Earl, Was Born On Jan. 18, 1688. He Succeeded As 7th Earl Of Dorset In 1706, And Was Created Duke Of Dorset In 172o. He Was Twice Lord Steward Of The Household, Twice Lord-lieutenant Of ...

Long And Company Dorman
Dorman, Long And Company, Limited. This British Joint Stock Company, Which In 1928 Had An Issued Share Capital Of £8,o5o,000 Are Manufacturers Of Iron And Steel, Con Structional Engineering And Bridge Building Materials And Colliery And Mine Owners. Founded In 1876 By Mr. (now Sir) Arthur Dor Man, In Partnership ...

Louis Dorleans
Dorleans, Louis (1542-1629), French Poet And Politi Cal Pamphleteer, Was Born In Paris. He Studied Under Jean Daurat, And After Taking His Degree In Law Began To Practise At The Bar With But Slight Success. After The League Had Arrested The Royalist Members Of Parliament, He Was Appointed (1589) Advocate-gen ...

Louis Ellies Dupin
Dupin, Louis Ellies (1657-1719), French Ecclesi Astical Historian, Was Born At Paris On June 17, 1657, And Educated At The College Of Harcourt And The Sorbonne, Receiving His B.d. (168o) And D.d. (1684) . The First Volume Of His Bibliotheque Universelle De Toes Les Auteurs Ecclesiastiques Appeared In 1686, But ...

Louis Ernest Dubois
Dubois, Louis Ernest (1856-1929), French Eccle Siastic, Was Born At Saint Calais, France, Sept. 1, 1856. In 1901 He Became Bishop Of Verdun, In 1909 Archbishop Of Bourges, And In 1916 Of Rouen. He Was Made Cardinal Of Santa Maria In Aquino, Rome, By Pope Benedict Xv. In Dec. 1916. ...

Louis Marie Olivier Duchesne
Duchesne, Louis Marie Olivier French Scholar And Ecclesiastic, Was Born At St. Servan, Brittany, On Sept. 13, 1843. He Was Educated At The Seminary Of St. Brieuc And At Rome And Was Ordained Priest In 1867. In He Went On A Scientific Expedition To Mt. Athos And In 1876 To ...

Ltd Dunlop Rubber Company
Dunlop Rubber Company, Ltd. In 1888 Bi Cycles Were Used Almost Solely For Racing, And The Tyres Were Made Of Solid Rubber. In That Year J. B. Dunlop, A Veterinary Sur Geon Of Belfast, Patented A Pneumatic Tyre, Which Was Really A Re-invention—the First Pneumatic Tyre Having Been Patented By ...

Luck Of Eden Hall
Eden Hall, Luck Of, An Old Painted Or Enamelled Glass Drinking Goblet Preserved At Eden Hall, Cumberland, The Seat Of The Musgrave Family, Perhaps Of The Loth Century. It Has The Letters I.h.s. On The Top. Round The Vase Is The Verse Given Below. In The Grounds Of Eden Hall ...

Marcus Livius Drusus
Drusus, Marcus Livius, Roman Statesman, Was Col League Of Gaius Gracchus In The Tribuneship, 122 B.c. The Pro Posal Of Gracchus (q.v.) To Confer The Full Franchise On The Latins Had Been Opposed Not Only By The Senate But Also By The Mob, Whose Privileges Would Thereby Be Diminished. Drusus ...

Marcus
Marcus Lrvrns Drusus, Son Of The Former, Tribune Of The People In 91 B.c. Was A Man Of High Integrity And Recognized The Need Of Reform. At That Time An Agitation Was Going On For The Res Toration Of The Judicial Functions From The Equites To The Senate; Drusus Proposed ...

Margaret Oneill Eaton
Eaton, Margaret O'neill Better Known As Peggy O'neill, Was The Daughter Of The Keeper Of A Popular Washington Tavern, And Was Noted For Her Beauty, Wit And Vivacity. About 1823, She Married A Purser In The United States Navy, John B. Timberlake, Who Committed Suicide While On Service In The ...

Maria Edgeworth
Edgeworth, M.aria (1767-1849), Irish Novelist, Sec Ond Child And Eldest Daughter Of Richard Lovell Edgeworth (q.v.) And His First Wife, Anna Maria Elers, Was Born In The House Of Her Maternal Grandparents At Black Bourton, Oxfordshire, On Jan. 1, 1767. She Had Ample Opportunities For Society Among Her Father's Neighbours ...

Marie Dumesnil
Dumesnil, Marie Francoise (1 ), French Actress, Whose Real Name Was Marchand, Was Born In Paris On Jan. 2, 1713, Made Her Debut In 1737 At The Comedie Francaise As Clytemnestre In I Phigenie En Tauride. She Played Cleopatre, Phedre, Athalie And Hermione With Great Effect, And When She Created ...

Marie Ebner Eschenbach
Ebner-eschenbach, Marie, Freifrau Von (183o 1916), Austrian Novelist, Was Born At Zdislavic In Moravia, On Sept. 13, 183o, The Daughter Of A Count Dubsky. She Lost Her Mother In Early Infancy, But Received A Careful Intellectual Train Ing From Two Stepmothers. In 1848 She Married The Austrian Captain, And Subsequent ...

Marriage
Marriage). Other Functions Of The Dual Organization Vary According To The Community In Which It Is Found. In The Daily Life Of The People, The Members Of The Two Moieties Are Very Commonly Separated At Games, Feasts, Contests, Etc., And May Even Inhabit Different Parts Of The Settlement. Of Ten ...

Martin Droeshout
Droeshout, Martin, Engraver, Born In 1601 And Bap Tized In London On April 26, 16o1, Was Son Of Michiel Droeshout And Probably The Pupil Of His Father And Elder Brother John, Both Engravers. Martin's Title To Fame Is His Engraved Portrait Of Wil Liam Shakespeare (signed Martin Droeshout Sculpsit), Which ...

Mary Baker Eddy
Eddy, Mary Baker (1821-1910), The Founder And Leader Of The Christian Science Movement, Was Born On July 16, 1821, At Bow, Near Concord, New Hampshire, U.s.a. She Was The Youngest Of The Six Children Of Mark Baker And Abigail Am Brose Baker. Her Father Was A Man Of Local Prominence, ...

Mass Size
Size, Mass, Density And Form To Primitive Man The Earth Was A Flat Disk With Its Surface Diversified By Mountains, Rivers And Seas. The Spherical Form Was Asserted By Pythagoras, And Aristotle Used Arguments In Its Favour Similar To Those Used Today, Viz., The Ship Gradually Dis Appearing, Hull First, ...

Maximilian Wolfgang Duncker
Duncker, Maximilian Wolfgang German Historian And Politician, Eldest Son Of The Pub Lisher Karl Duncker, Was Born At Berlin On Oct. 15, 181 I. He Studied At The Universities Of Bonn And Berlin Till 1834, When He Was Condemned To Six Years' Imprisonment, Afterwards Reduced To Six Months, For Belonging ...

Methods And Errors Of
Methods And Errors Of Pupils The Laboratory Analysis Of Methods Exhibited In Learn Ing Constitute The Most Productive Application Of Experimental Methods. A Common Method To Study Reading Is To Photograph The Movements Of A Reader's Eyes As He Looks Along A Line Of Printed Matter. The Movements Of The ...

Michael Drayton
Drayton, Michael (1563-1631), English Poet, Was Born At Hartshill, Warwickshire, And Settled In London About 159o. His First Volume Of Poems, The Harmony Of The Church, Appeared In I 591 ; The Whole Edition, With The Exception Of 4o Copies Seized By The Archbishop Of Canterbury, Was Destroyed By Public ...

Michael Ivanovich Dragomirov
Dragomirov, Michael Ivanovich (183o 1905), Russian General And Military Writer, Was Born On Nov. 8, 1830. He Entered The Guards In 1849 And From 1854 To Studied Military Science First At The Russian Staff College (nicholas Academy) And Then Abroad. On His Return To Russia He Became Professor Of Tactics ...

Michael Madhu Sudan Dutt
Dutt, Michael Madhu Sudan The Greatest Native Poet Of India In The I9th Century, Was Born At Sagandari, In The District Of Jessore In Bengal, On Jan. 25, 1824. His Father Was A Pleader In Calcutta, And Young Madhu Sudan Received His Education In The Hindu College Of Calcutta. In ...

Minoan Costume
Minoan Costume The Bronze Age In Greece.—from The Contemporary Repre Sentations Of The Men And Women Of The Bronze Age In Greece We Can Gather A Very Good Idea Of Their Costume. The Men Wore A Very Scanty Dress, Considering The Fact That In Winter And In The Mountains Everywhere ...

Moritz Wilhelm Drobisch
Drobisch, Moritz Wilhelm Ger Man Philosopher And Mathematician, Was Born On Aug. 16, 1802, In Leipzig, Where He Became Professor Of Mathematics In 1826, Professor Of Philosophy In 1842 And Where He Died On Sept. 3o, 1896. He Regards Logic, Whose Business Is The Establishment Of The General Laws Of ...

Nathan Drake
Drake, Nathan (1766-1836), English Essayist And Physician, Son Of Nathan Drake, An Artist, Was Born At York. He Was Apprenticed To A Doctor In York In 1779, And In 1786 Pro Ceeded To Edinburgh University, Where He Took His Degree As M.d. In 1789. In 1790 He Set Up As ...

Natural Dyes
Dyes, Natural. The Utilization Of Plant Products For Dyeing Is Of Ancient Origin, And Without Doubt At The First Con Sisted In The Staining Of Material With The Coloured Juices Of Fruits, Flowers And The Like. It Would Be Observed That Certain Of These Effects Resisted The Washing Process, A ...

Neal Dow
Dow, Neal (1804-1897 ), American Temperance Reformer, Was Born At Portland, Me., March 20, 1804. He Drafted The Maine Prohibitory Law Of 1851. He Was Mayor Of Portland, 1851, 1855, A Member Of The Maine Legislature, 1858—j9, And In The Civil War Colonel Of The 13th Maine Volunteer Infantry. He ...

Nero Claudius Drusus
Drusus, Nero Claudius (38-9 B.c.), Roman Gen Eral, Son Of Tiberius Claudius Nero And Livia Drusilla, Stepson Of Augustus And Younger Brother Of The Emperor Tiberius. In 13 B.c. In Conjunction With Tiberius, He Subdued The Raeti And Vindelici. The Credit Of The Decisive Victory, However, Must Be Assigned To ...

Nose And Throat Ear
Ear, Nose And Throat, Diseases Of The. Though Diseases Of These Parts Are Considered Separately, The Parts Themselves Are Closely Connected By The Eustachian Tube. ...

Numa Droz
Droz, Numa Swiss Statesman, Was Born On Jan. 27, 1844, At La Chaux-de-fonds. After Teaching School, He Became Editor Of National Suisse In 1864. Four Years Later He Was Made A Member Of The Council Of Neuchatel, In 1875 Of The Federal Chamber, And In 1881 And Again In 1887 ...

Observation Of Solar Eclipses
Observation Of Solar Eclipses In General Little Or Nothing Of Astrophysical Importance Can Be Learnt From A Partial Eclipse Of The Sun, But During The Few Min Utes Of Totality Of A Total Eclipse Much Information About The Physical Nature Of The Sun Has Been Obtained That Is Not Available ...

Ondary Education In The
Ondary Education In The U.s.) In England It Underlies The Pro Posals Of The Report Of The Consultative Committee Of The Board Of Education On The Education Of The Adolescent (1926). It Has Also Inspired The Post-war Changes In The State Systems Of The Ger Man Reich. In Part These ...

Operations In East Africa
East Africa, Operations In. When The World War Broke Out In 1914 The Garrison Of British East Africa, The Territory Immediately North Of German East Africa, Was Scattered And Engaged On Punitive Expeditions Remote From The Enemy Fron Tier. In The Case Of Each Protectorate The Troops Were Native With ...

Or Dosseret
Dosseret, Or Impost Block, In Architecture, The Block Of Stone Sometimes Used In The Byzantine Style Above The Capital (q.v.) Of A Column. It Has The Form Of A Truncated Pyramid, With The Large Side Up, And Therefore Furnishes Ample Bearing For Carrying The Arches And Vaults Above It, ...

Or Dripstone Drip
Drip, Or Dripstone, In Architecture, A Projecting Moulding, Cut With A Recess Or Sinkage On The Under Side Or Soffit, So That Water Will Drip From Its Outer Edge, And Not Run Back To The Wall Of The Building. When Used Round An Arch Or Opening, It Is Known As ...

Parathyroid Glands
Parathyroid Glands These Little Oval Bodies Are Two On Each Side. The Upper Pair Is Embedded In The Thyroid At The Level Of The Lower Border Of The Cricoid Cartilage, While The Lower Pair May Be Embedded In The Lateral Lobes Of The Thyroid Or Lie Below In Relation To ...

Paul Dougherty
Dougherty, Paul (1877— ), American Painter, Was Born At Brooklyn (n.y.), On Sept. 6, 1877. He Was Educated At The Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute And The New York Law School, Where He Took The Degree Of Ll.b. In 1898. He Then Spent Five Years In Europe, Devoting Himself To The Study ...

Paul Dubois
Dubois, Paul (1829-1905), French Sculptor And Painter, Was Born At Nogent-sur-seine On July 18, 1829, And Died On March 22, 1905. After Studying At The Ecole Des Beaux-arts, Dubois Went To Rome. His First Contributions To The Paris Salon (186o) Were Busts Of "the Countess De B." And "a Child." ...

Paul Dukas
Dukas, Paul (itio5-1935), French Composer, Born In Paris Oct. I, 1865, Studied Under Matthias, Dubois And Guiraud. His Cantata Velleda Gained For Him A Second Grand Prix De Rome. The Symphonic Poem, L'apprenti Sorcier, Produced At The Societe Nationale De Musique In 1897, Was An Immediate Success. His Next Important ...

Paul Eber
Eber, Paul (1511-1569), German Theologian, Was Born At Kitzingen In Franconia, And Was Educated At Nuremberg And Wittenberg, Where He Became The Close Friend Of Philip Melanch Thon. In 1541 He Was Appointed Professor Of Latin Grammar At Wittenberg, And In 1557 Professor Of The Old Testament. His Range Of ...

Paul Gustave Dore
Dore, Paul Gustave, (1832-1883), French Artist, The Son Of A Civil Engineer, Was Born At Strasbourg On Jan. 6, 5832, And Died In Paris On Jan. 23, 1883. In 1848 He Came To Paris And Secured A Three Years' Engagement On The Journal Pour Rire. His Facility As A Draughtsman ...

Paul Karl Ludwig Drude
Drude, Paul Karl Ludwig German Physicist, Was Born At Brunswick On July 12, 1863. He Studied At Gottingen, Freiburg And Berlin. Drude Was Extraordinary Professor Of Physics At Leipzig (1894-1900), Professor Of Physics At Giessen (1900-05) , And Finally, Professor Of Physics At Berlin. His Most Important Work Was His ...

Paul Laurence Dunbar
Dunbar, Paul Laurence American Author, Of Negro Descent, Was Born In Dayton (o.), June 27, 1872. In High School He Wrote The Class Poem And Was Editor-in-chief Of The School Paper. While Earning His Living As An Elevator Boy, Assistant In The Library Of Congress, Etc., He Continued To Write, ...

Persian And Other Asiatic
Persian And Other Asiatic Drama Such Dramatic Examples Of The Drama As May Be Discoverable In Siam Will Probably Have To Be Regarded As Belonging To A Branch Of The Indian Drama The Drama Of The Malay Popula Tions Of Java And The Neighbouring Island Of Sumatra Also Re Sembles ...

Petroleum Drilling
Drilling, Petroleum. Modern Automatic Rotary Drilling Has Supplanted To A Remarkable Extent Former Methods Of Cable Tool Or "rod And Drop Tool" Systems. (for Details Of This, As Well As Other Methods Of Boring, See Boring.) It Is The Ex Tension And Perfection Of Automatic Drilling That Has Been Respon ...

Pholidota
Pholidota The Pangolins (q.v.) Or Scaly Ant-eaters Of Africa And Tropical Asia Were At One Time Associated With The Edentata Mainly On Account Of Their Likeness To The South American Ant-eaters In The Absence Of Teeth, The Weakness Of The Jaws, The Enlargement Of The Salivary Glands, And The Length ...

Pierre Antoine Dupont De
Dupont De L'etang, Pierre Antoine, Count (1765-1840), French General, Born At Chabanais On July 4, 1765, First Saw Active Service As A Member Of Maillebois' Legion In Holland, And In 1791 Was On The Staff Of The Army Of The North Under Dillon. He Rose Rapidly, And In The Campaign ...

Pierre Dubois
Dubois, Pierre (c. 1250-c. 1312), French Publicist In The Reign Of Philip The Fair, Was Educated At The University Of Paris. In 1300, He Wrote His Anonymous Summaria, Brevis Et Compen Diosa Doctrina Felicis Expedicionis Et Abbreviationis Guerrarum Et Litium Regni Francorum, Which Is Extant In A Unique Ms., But ...

Pierre Dupont
Dupont, Pierre (1821-187o), French Songwriter, The Son Of A Blacksmith, Was Born At Lyons On April 23, 1821. He Was Brought Up In The Country By His Godfather, A Village Priest, And Apprenticed To A Notary At Lyons. In 1839 He Found His Way To Paris, And Some Of His ...

Pierre Dupuy
Dupuy, Pierre French Scholar, Otherwise Known As Puteanus, Was Born At Agen (lot-et-garonne). In 1615 He Was Commissioned By Mathieu Mole, First President Of The Parlement Of Paris, To Catalogue The "tresor Des Chartes." His Ms. Inventory Is Preserved In The Original And In Copy In The Bibliotheque Nationale, And ...

Pierre Emmanuel Albert Ducasse
Ducasse, Pierre Emmanuel Albert, Baron (1813-1893 ), French Historian, Was Born At Bourges On Nov. 16, 1813. In 1849 He Became Aide-de-camp To Prince Jerome Bona Parte, Ex-king Of Westphalia, Then Governor Of The Invalides. He Was Attaché To Jerome's Son, Prince Napoleon, During The Cri Mean War. He Was ...

Pierre Etienne Louis Dumont
Dumont, Pierre Etienne Louis French Political Writer, Was Born At Geneva Where His Family Had Been Citizens Of Good Repute From The Days Of Calvin. He Was Educated For The Ministry At The College Of Geneva, And In 1781 Was Chosen One Of The Pastors Of The City. The Triumph ...

Pierre Louis Dulong
Dulong, Pierre Louis (1785-1838), French Chemist And Physicist, Was Born At Rouen On Feb. 12 (or 13), 1785. After Acting As Assistant To Berthollet, He Became Successively Professor Of Chemistry At The Faculty Of Sciences And The Normal And Veterin Ary Schools At Alfort, And Then (18 20) Professor Of ...

Pierre Roger Ducos
Ducos, Pierre Roger (1754-1816), French Politician, Was Born At Dax. Despite His Lack Of Ability, He Ascended The Highest Rungs Of The Political Ladder From The Day When He Be Came Member Of The Council Of The Five Hundred, Serving Suc Cessively As A Director, Consul And Vice-president Of The ...

Pleasant
Pleasant) Which Bears His Name Was Prompted Largely By His Greed For Western Land. He Died At Ramsgate In May 1809. See C. W. Alvord, The Mississippi Valley In British Politics (1917) And Documentary History Of Dunmore's War, Edited By R. G. Thwaites And L. P. Kellogg (madison, Wis., 1905) ...

Polynesian And Peruvian Drama
Polynesian And Peruvian Drama From Polynesia And The More Civilized Races Of Aboriginal America We Also Have Isolated Traces Of Drama. Among These Are The Performances, Accompanied By Dancing And Intermixed With Recitation And Singing, Of The South Sea Islanders, First Described By Captain Cook, And Reintroduced To The Notice ...

Portable Dwellings
Portable Dwellings Tents.—people Who Are Constantly Shifting Camp, Whether Wan Dering Hunters In Pursuit Of Game Or Nomadic Herdsmen Moving Their Flocks To Pasture, Have Invented Portable Dwellings, Varying From The Flimsy Skin Tent Of The Eskimo, Or The Equally Skimpy Tent Of The Guanaco Area Of South America, To ...

Primitive Dress
Primitive Dress Primitive Adornment In Its Earliest Stages May Be Divided Into Three Classes; First The Moulding Of The Body Itself To Certain Local Standards Of Beauty. In This Category May Be Placed Head Deformation, Which Reached Its Extreme Development Among The Indians Of North-west America And The Ancient Peruvians ...

Primitive Dwellings
Dwellings, Primitive. Climate Imposes The Need Of Shelter, And Man Can Build Only With What Nature Gives Him. Even In The Civilized Loth Century The Building Materials Are Mainly Local, And In Primitive Dwellings A Closer Dependence Is Shown In The Eskimo Iglu, The Blackfoot Tipi, The Australian Wurly Or ...

Primitive Economics
Economics, Primitive. Comparatively Little Is Known About The Economic Organization Of Savage Peoples. Being Appar Ently One Of The Simplest And Least Interesting Aspects Of Their Social Life, It Has Been The Last To Receive Attention From The Anthropologist, Though In Reality It Presents Complex Problems Of Vital Concern For ...

Raphael Georg Donner
Donner, Raphael Georg Austrian Sculptor, Born On May 24, 1693, At Esslingen In Lower Austria, Went To Heiligenkreuz Intending To Take Holy Orders, But He Was There Encouraged To Follow His Artistic Bent By The Sculptor Giul Iano, And, After Working In His Studio, Entered The Vienna Academy. His Fine ...

Raw Materials Articles
Articles), Raw Materials, Imports, Exports, Manufactures (commerce In), Rationalization Of Industry, Scientific Management, Research (industrial), Industrial Relations, Standardization, Salesmanship, Store And Agents In Busi Ness. For The Discussion Of Questions Of Population, In Which All Economic Endeavour May Be Said To Be Summarized, See The Articles ...

Reginald Edward Harry Dyer
Dyer, Reginald Edward Harry British General, Was Born At Simla, India, Oct. 9, 1864, And Educated At Middleton College, Co. Cork. He Entered The Army In 1885, Took Part In 1886-87 In The Burma Campaign, In 1888 In The Hazara Expedition, In 1895 In The Relief Of Chitral, In 1901-2 ...

Reinhart Pieter Anne Dozy
Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne ), Dutch Arabic Scholar Of French (huguenot) Origin, Was Born At Leyden. His Monumental Histoire Des Mussulmans D'espagne, Jusqu'a La Conquete De L' Andalousie Par Les Almoravides, 7i1 (leiden, 186i ; 2nd Ed., Ibid., 188i ; Eng. Trans. 1913), A Graphically Written Account Of Moorish Dominion ...

Rene Doumic
Doumic, Rene (186o-1937), French Critic And Acade Mician, Was Born In Paris, And After A Distinguished Career At The Ecole Normale Began To Teach Rhetoric At The College Stanislas. He Was A Contributor To The Moniteur, The Journal Des Debats And The Revue Bleue, But Was Best Known As The ...

Richard Doyle
Doyle, Richard (1824-1883), English Artist, Son Of John Doyle, The Caricaturist Known As "h.b." (1797-1868), Was Born In London In Sept. 1824, And Died There On Dec. 11, 1883. His Father's Political Sketches Took The Town By Storm In The Days Of Lord Grey And Lord Melbourne. The Son, Who ...

Richard Earlom
Earlom, Richard (1742-1822), English Mezzotint En Graver, Was Born And Died In London. In 1765 He Was Employed By Alderman Boydell, Then One Of The Most Liberal Promoters Of The Fine Arts, To Make A Series Of Drawings From The Pictures At Houghton Hall ; And These He Afterwards Engraved ...

Richard Lovell Edgeworth
Edgeworth, Richard Lovell (1744-1817), British Writer, Was Born At Bath. The Greater Part Of His Life Was Spent At Edgeworthtown, Or Edgeworthstown, In The County Of Longford, Ireland. He Was Educated At Various Schools In England And Ireland, And Entered Trinity College, Dublin, In April 1761, But Was Transferred To ...

Robert Dover
Dover, Robert (1575-1641), English Captain And At Torney, Is Known As The Founder And Director For Many Years Of The "cotswold Games," Which He Originated As A Protest Against The Growing Puritanism Of The Day. These Sports, Which Were Referred To By Contemporary Writers As "mr. Robert Dover's Olimpick Games ...

Robert Kennedy Duncan
Duncan, Robert Kennedy Ameri Can Chemist, Was Born Near Brantford, Ont., Canada On Nov. 1, 1868. He Graduated At The University Of Toronto In 1892 ; Studied At Clark University And Later At Columbia University He Taught Physics And Chemistry In New York And Pennsylvania High Schools. From 1901 To ...

Roman Drama
Roman Drama Early Dramatists.—the Art Of The Drama Was At Rome A Res Peregrina, And, According To Livy (vii. 2), Took Its Rise From The Performances Of The Etruscan Ludii Who Were Summoned To Rome In 364 B.c. To Avert By Their Dancing And Playing The Wrath Of The Gods ...

Saint Dunstan
Dunstan, Saint (909-988), English Archbishop And Son Of A West Saxon Noble, Was Born Near Glastonbury, Where He Was Educated By The Irish Pilgrims. He Entered The Household Of King Aethelstan, But His Love Of Books And Of Song And His Mechanical Skill Soon Excited The Dislike Of His Kinsfolk ...

Saint Edmvnd Rich Edmund
Edmund, Saint [edmvnd Rich] (c. I I 7 24o) . English Saint And Archbishop Of Canterbury, Was Born At Abingdon, Near Oxford. His Father Was A Merchant Who Retired, With His Wife's Consent, To The Monastery Of Eynsham, Leaving In Her Hands The Education Of Their Family. Edmund Began His ...

Samuel Rolles Driver
Driver, Samuel Rolles (1846-1914); English Di Vine And Hebrew Scholar, Was Born In Southampton On Oct. 2, 1846. He Was Educated At Winchester And New College, Oxford. He Was A Fellow (1870) And A Tutor (1875) Of New College, And In 1883 Succeeded Pusey As Regius Professor Of Hebrew And ...

Schools For Adults
Schools For Adults In The United States Schools Are Provided For Three Main Lines Of Educational Effort : Instruction In English; Preparation For Nat Uralization And Citizenship; Educational Service For Individual, Family And Group Adjustment. To Meet The Needs Of The F Oreign Born In Adjusting Themselves To A New ...

Secondary Education
Secondary Education In Proceeding To Sketch The French System Of Higher Primary And Secondary Schools, It May Be Observed That European Systems Of Higher Education Have Generally Been Framed Upon The View That Secondary Education Is A Training Complete In Itself From The Preparatory Stage To The University, With Aims ...

Sir Antoine Aime Dorion
Dorion, Sir Antoine Aime (1816-1891), Canadian Lawyer And Statesman, Was Born At Sainte Anne De La Perade On Jan. 17, 1816 Of An Old Liberal Family. He Studied Law Under Cherrier, Was Called To She Bar In 1842, And Rose Rapidly In His Profession. At The Time That Dorion Commenced ...

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan English Novelist, Knighted In 1902, Eldest Son Of The Artist Charles Doyle, Was Born On May 22, 1859. He Was Educated At Stonyhurst Col Lege, In Germany, And At Edinburgh University Where He Graduated M.b. In 1881 And M.d. In 1885. He Was Practising As A ...

Sir Arthur George Doughty
Doughty, Sir Arthur George Canadian Historian And Archivist, Was Born March 22, 186o, At Maidenhead, England ; Educated At Oxford, And Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa. He Went To Montreal As A Journalist And Private Secretary, Becoming In 19ot Joint Librarian Of The Provincial Legis Lature, And In 1904 Dominion Archivist ...

Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington
Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley (1882— ), British Astronomer, Was Born At Kendal, England, Dec. 28, 1882. He Was Educated At Owen's College, Manchester, And Trinity College, Cambridge, Where He Was Senior Wrangler In 1904 And Smith's Prizeman In 1907. In The Latter Year He Was Elected Fellow Of His College. ...

Sir Ashley Eden
Eden, Sir Ashley (1831-1887), Anglo-indian Offi Cial And Diplomatist, Third Son Of Robert John Eden, Third Lord Auckland And Bishop Of Bath And Wells, Was Born On Nov. 13, 1831, And Entered The Indian Civil Service In 1852. In 1855 He Helped To Suppress The Santal Rising, And From 186o ...

Sir Charles Duncombe
Duncombe, Sir Charles (c. English Politician, Was A London Apprentice, Who Became A Goldsmith And A Banker, And An Alderman Of The City Of London In 1683. Dun Combe Was Elected M.p. For Hedon In 1685 And Afterwards Sat For Yarmouth In The Isle Of Wight And Downton In Wiltshire. ...

Sir Charles Gavan Duffy
Duffy, Sir Charles Gavan Irish And Colonial Politician, Was Born In Monaghan, Ireland, On April 12, 1816. He Was One Of The Founders (1842) Of The Nation, A Dublin Weekly Remarkable For The Fire And Spirit Of Its Political Poetry. In 1844 Duffy Was Included In The Same Indictment With ...

Sir Charles Lock Eastlake
Eastlake, Sir Charles Lock Eng Lish Painter, Was Born On Nov. 17, 1793, At Plymouth. Charles Was Educated (like Sir Joshua Reynolds) At The Plympton Grammar School, And In London At The Charterhouse. Towards 1809, Partly Through The Influence Of His Fellow Devonian, Haydon, He Deter Mined To Be A ...

Sir Charles Whittingham Hors
Douglas, Sir Charles Whittingham Hors Ley (1850-1914), British General, Was Born On July 17, 185o, At The Cape Of Good Hope. Entering The Army When 19, He Saw Service With The 92nd Highlanders In The Afghan War Of 1879-80, In The Boer War Of 1881, In The Sudan Campaign Of ...

Sir Edward Dyer
Dyer, Sir Edward (d. 1607), English Courtier And Poet, Son Of Sir Thomas Dyer, Kt., Was Born At Sharpham Park, Somersetshire. He Was Educated, According To Anthony A Wood, Either At Balliol College Or At Broadgates Hall, Oxford. He Left The University Without Taking A Degree, And After Some Time ...

Sir Evelyn Mountstuart Grant
Duff, Sir Evelyn Mountstuart Grant (1863-1926), British Diplomatist, Second Son Of The Sir Mount Stuart Grant Duff, The Administrator And Diarist, Was Born On Oct. 9, 1863. From 1888 He Was On Foreign Office Service In Rome, Tehran, St. Petersburg (leningrad), Stockholm And Elsewhere. In 1913 He Was Made Minister ...

Sir Francis Drake
Drake, Sir Francis (c. 1545-1596), English Admiral, Was Born Near Tavistock, Devonshire, About 1545 According To Most Early Authorities, But Possibly As Early As 1539 (see Corbett, Vol. I., Appendix A) . His Father, A Yeoman And A Zealous Protes Tant, Took Refuge In Kent During The Reign Of Queen ...

Sir Francis Hastings Charles
Doyle, Sir Francis Hastings Charles, 2nd Baronet (1810-1888), Man Of Letters, The Son Of Sir F. H. Doyle, Chairman Of The Board Of Excise, Was Born At Nunappleton, Yorkshire. Doyle Published Several Volumes Of Verse, And Was A Fellow Of All Souls And Professor Of Poetry At Oxford From 1867 ...

Sir Frank Watson Dyson
Dyson, Sir Frank Watson British Astronomer, Was Born At Ashby-de-la-zouch, Leicestershire, On Jan. 8, 1868, And Was Educated At Bradford Grammar School And Trinity College, Cambridge, Where He Was Second Wrangler And Smith's Prizeman. In 1894 He Became Chief Assistant At The Royal Observatory, Greenwich, And In 1905 Was Made ...

Sir George Downing
Downing, Sir George, Bart. (c. 1624-1684), English Soldier And Diplomatist, Son Of Emmanuel Downing, Barrister, And Of Lucy, Sister Of Governor John Winthrop, Was Born In England. His Family Joined Winthrop In America In 1638, Settling In Salem, Mass., And Downing Studied At Harvard. In 1645 He Sailed For The ...

Sir Henry Doulton
Doulton, Sir Henry (182o-1897), English Inventor And Manufacturer Of Pottery, Was Born In Vauxhall On July 25, 182o, And Died In London On Nov. 18, 1897. From The Age Of 15 He Was Employed In The Pottery Works Of His Father, John Doul Ton, At Lambeth. One Of The First ...