Home >> Encyclopedia-britannica-volume-5-part-2-cast-iron-cole >> Maya And Mexican Chronology to Thomas Coke

Encyclopedia Britannica

Volume 5, Part 2: Cast-Iron to Cole

Loading


Maya And Mexican Chronology
Maya And Mexican - Chronology For Technical Terms Relating To The Calendar, Which Must Be Used To Explain The Chronology, The Reader Is Referred To Article Calen Dar : Maya And Mexican. Maya: The Long Maya Calendar Is Based Upon A Year Of 365 Days, But It Seems Clear That ...

Megachiroptera
Megachiroptera The First Of These Suborders Of Bats Comprises The Fruit-eating Species, Which Are Generally Of Large Size, With The Crowns Of The Cheek-teeth Smooth And Marked With A Longitudinal Groove. The Bony Palate Is Continued Behind The Last Molar, Narrowing Slowly Backwards; There Are Three Phalanges In The Index ...

Menno Coehoorn
Coehoorn, Menno, Baron Van (1641-1704), Dutch Soldier And Military Engineer, Of Swedish Extraction, Was Born At Leeuwarden In Friesland, And Became A Captain In The Dutch Army. In 1673 He Took Part In The Defence Of Maastricht And In The Siege Of Grave, Where The Small Mortars (called Coehorns) He ...

Microchiroptera
Microchiroptera The Second And Larger Suborder, The Microchiroptera, Includes All The Insectivorous Species, Most Of Which Are Of Relatively Small Size. Their Teeth Are Usually Of Insectivorous Type, The Crowns Being Surmounted By Sharp Cusps. The Ear-margin Does Not Form A Complete Ring As In The Fruit-bats, And The Angular ...

Muslim Chronology
Muslim - Chronology The Muslim Calendar (see Calendar : Muslim) May Evidently Be Carried On Indefinitely By Successive Addition, Provided Care Be Taken To Allow For The Additional Day Occurring In Bissextile And Intercalary Years. The Purely Lunar Years Of This Calendar Are Partitioned Into Cycles Of 3o Years, 19 ...

Muzio Clementi
Clementi, Muzio (1752-1832), Italian Pianist And Com Poser, Was Born At Rome Where His Father Was A Jeweller. At Nine He Was Appointed Organist Of A Church And At Fourteen He Had Written A Mass Which Was Performed In Public. About 1766 Peter Beckford, Cousin Of The Author Of Vathek, ...

Nationalization
Nationalization A Policy Which Of Late Years Has Been Espoused By The Miners' Federation Of Great Britain Is That Of The Nationalization Or So Cialization Of The Coal Mining Industry. Whatever Form It Takes, Whether Ownership By The State, With State Control, Or Some Form Of Guild Socialization—as, For Instance, ...

New Conception Of Civilization
New Conception Of Civilization There Could Be No Real Understanding Of The Fundamental Char Acteristics Of Civilization Until The Fact Was Well Established And Digested That Could We Trace Back Man's Lineage Far Enough We Should Find It Merging Into That Of Wild Animals, Without Artificial Shelters, Clothes Or Speech ...

Nicolas Chuquet
Chuquet, Nicolas French Mathema Tician, Was Born At Paris. He Studied And Qualified In Medicine, Probably At Lyons. In 1484 He Wrote A Work On Arithmetic, Tri Party En La Science Des Nornbres. This Was Circulated In Manu Script Form And Was First Printed In 1880. The First Part Deals ...

Nicolas Cleynaerts Clenardus Or
Cleynaerts (clenardus Or Clenard), Nicolas (1495-1542), Belgian Grammarian And Traveller, Was Born At Diest, Brabant, On Dec. 5, Educated At The University Of Louvain, He Became A Professor Of Latin, Which He Taught By A Conversational Method. His Lnstitutiones In Linguarn Graecam (153o), And Meditationes Graecanicae (1531) Passed Through A ...

Old Cold Harbor
Cold Harbor, Old And New, Two Localities In Hanover County, Virginia, U.s.a., Iom. N.e. Of Richmond. They Were The Scenes Of A Succession Of Battles From May 31 To June 12, 1864, Between The Union Forces Under Command Of Gen. U. S. Grant And The Confederates Under Gen. R. E. ...

Olivier De Clisson
Clisson, Olivier De Soldier, Was The Son Of Olivier De Clisson Who Was Put To Death In 1343 On The Suspicion Of Having Wished To Give Up Nantes To The English. He Was Brought Up In England, Where His Mother, Jeanne De Belle Ville, Had Married Her Second Husband. On ...

Or Coati Mundi Coati
Coati, Or Coati-mundi, The Name Of The Members Of The South And Central American Genus Nasua, Of The Mammalian Family Procyonidae. They Are Recognized By Their Long Body And Tail, And Elongated, Upturned Snout. The Tail Is Often Prominently Banded. Coatis Are Gregarious And Arboreal In Habit, And Feed On ...

Or Phenylacrylic Acid Cinnamic
Cinnamic Acid, Or Phenylacrylic Acid, Is Present In Peru And Tolu Balsams, In Storax And In Some Gum Benzoins, Combined With Benzyl Alcohol As An Ester. Its Formula Is It Can Be Prepared By The Reduction Of Phenyl Propiolic Acid With Zinc And Acetic Acid, By Heating Benzal Malonic Acid, ...

Paul Claudel
Claudel, Paul (1868– ), French Poet, Dramatist And Diplomat, Was Born Aug. 6, 1868 At Villeneuve-sur-fin. He Was Educated At The Lycee Louis-le-grand, And Entered The Con Sular Service In 1892. The Early Part Of His Diplomatic Career Was Spent In The East As Consul At Foochow, Shanghai And Tient ...

Paul Jean Clays
Clays, Paul Jean (1819-1900), Belgian Marine Painter, Was Born At Bruges In 1819. And Died At Brussels In I9oo. A Fleming In His Feeling For Colour, Clays Set His Palette With Clean, Strong Hues, And Their Powerful Harmonies Were In Striking Con Trast With The Rusty, Smoky Tones Then In ...

Peculiar Items Of Mans
Peculiar Items Of Man's Bodily Form At This Juncture The Question Arises, What Was There Peculiar In Man's Physical Make-up That Enabled Him To Initiate Civilization And Build Up A Mind Which He Could Use To Increase His Resources So Far Beyond That Of Any Other Animal? Before Proceeding We ...

Pedro De Cieza De
Cieza De Leon, Pedro De (c. Spanish Soldier And Historian, Was Born At Seville. He Sailed For The New World, Possibly In Heredia's Expedition Of 1532, More Probably With Duran In 1534, Reaching Cartagena In November. In He Went With Heredia's Brother Alonzo To Darien, And In 1538 With Vadillo ...

Peter Christus
Christus, Peter (c. 1400-1473). A Flemish Painter, Born At Baerle In North Brabant Soon After 1400. He Became A Citizen Of Bruges In 1444. His Style Was Modelled On That Of The Van Eycks. His Execution Was Conscientious But Lacked The Vital Qualities Of His Great Forerunners. He Signed His ...

Peter Chrysologus
Chrysologus, Peter (c. 450), Bishop Of Ra Venna, Was Born At Imola And Died At Ravenna. As Bishop, He Opposed Arianism, Pelagianism And Eutychianism. Of The Works Printed In Migne's Patrol. Lat., Vol. Lii., Only About Ioo Sermons Are Genuine. See F. V. Stablewski, Der Heilige Kirchenvater P. Von Ravenna ...

Phra Paramindr Maha Chulalongkorn
Chulalongkorn, Phra Paramindr Maha (1853--191o), King Of Siam, Eldest Son Of King Maha Mongkut, Was Born On Sept. 21, 1853, And Succeeded His Father On The Throne On Oct. 1, 1868. The Young King, Who Had According To Custom Been Brought Up In A Buddhist Monastery, Again Retired Into Se ...

Pieter Codde
Codde, Pieter Dutch Painter Of The School Of Haarlem, Was Born On Dec. 11, 1599, At Amsterdam. He Was Probably A Pupil Of Franz Hals, Whose Painting Of The Doelen Of "captain Reaels," Left Unfinished In 1637, He Was Asked To Complete. He Was Active As A Genre Painter At ...

Poor Clares
Clares, Poor, Otherwise Clarisses, Franciscan Nuns, So Called From Their Foundress, St. Clara (q.v.) . She Was Professed By St. Francis In The Portiuncula In 1212, And Two Years Later She And Her First Companions Were Established In The Convent Of St. Damian At Assisi. The Nuns Formed The "second ...

Preparation Of Coffee
Coffee, Preparation Of. The Essentials Of Coffee Making Are : Freshly Roasted Coffee (high Roast Is Undesirable) ; Coffee Ground To The Size Of Granulated Sugar; Scrupulous Clean Liness And Care Of The Coffee Itself And Every Container And Coffee Pot Used In Connection With It ; Freshly Boiled Water; ...

Prevention The Recordof
Prevention : The Record Of Casualties The Subject Of Health And Safety In The Mines Of Great Britain Is Governed By The Coal Mines Act Of 1911 And The Regulations Made Thereunder, Administered Through The Mines Department Of The Board Of Trade. For The Purpose Of Inspection, The Country Is ...

Progress And Conservatism
Progress And Conservatism Such Then Was Man's Original Equipment For Getting Civilized. He Had, Obviously, No Means Of Foreseeing The Enterprise In Which He Was Engaged. His Evolution As A Civilized Being Was No More Premeditated Than His Rise From Earlier Simian Ancestors. There Seems To Be Sufficient Evidence That ...

Publius Clodius
Clodius, Publius (c. B.c.), Surnamed Pulcher, Roman Politician. He Took Part In The Third Mithridatic War Under His Brother-in-law Lucius Licinius Lucullus, But Considering Himself Treated With Insufficient Respect He Stirred Up A Revolt; Another Brother-in-law, Q. Marcius Rex, Governor Of Cilicia, Gave Him The Command Of His Fleet, But ...

Quintus Tullius Cicero
Quintus Tullius Cicero, Brother Of The Orator And Brother-in-law Of T. Pomponius Atticus, Was Born About 102 B.c. He Was Aedile In 67, Praetor In 62, And For The Three Following Years Propraetor In Asia, Where, Though He Seems To Have Ab Stained From Personal Aggrandizement, His Ill-temper Gained Him ...

Quintus Tullius Cicero_2
Quintus Tullius Cicero (c. 67-43 B.c.), Son Of Quintus Tullius Cicero (brother Of The Orator). He Accompanied His Uncle Marcus To Cilicia, And, In The Hope Of Obtaining A Reward, Repaid His Kindness By Informing Caesar Of His Intention Of Leav Ing Italy. After The Battle Of Pharsalus He Joined ...

Richard Cobden
Cobden, Richard (1804-1865), English Statesman And Economist, Was Born At Dunford Farm, Near Midhurst, Sussex, The Son Of A Small Farmer, Who Died When Richard Was A Child. There Were I 1 Children, Who Were Befriended By Relatives. Richard Was Sent To One Of The Bad Private Boarding Schools Of ...

Richard Copley Christie
Christie, Richard Copley English Scholar And Bibliophile, Was Born On July 22, 1830, At Lenton, Nottinghamshire, The Son Of A Millowner. He Was Educated At Lincoln College, Oxford, Was Called To The Bar At Lincoln's Inn In 18s7, And In 1872 Became Chancellor Of The Diocese Of Manches Ter. This ...

Richard William Church
Church, Richard William English Divine, Son Of John Dearman Church, Brother Of Sir Richard Church (q.v.), A Merchant, Was Born At Lisbon On April 25, 1815, His Early Years Being Mostly Spent At Florence. He Went Up To Wadham College, Oxford, In 1833, Took First-class Honours In 1836, And In ...

Robert Clive Clive
Clive, Robert Clive, Baron The States Man And General Who Founded The Empire Of British India, Was Born On Sept. 29, 1725, At Styche, The Family Estate, In The Parish Of Moreton Say, Market Drayton, Shropshire. The Clives, Or Clyves, Were One Of The Oldest Families In The County Of ...

Robert De Clifford C
Robert De Clifford (c. One Of The Most Powerful Barons Of His Age, Won Great Renown At The Siege Of Carlaverock Castle In 1300, And After Taking Part In The Movement Against Edward Ii.'s Favourite, Piers Gaveston, Was Killed At Bannock Burn. His Son Roger, 2nd Baron (1299-1322), Shared In ...

Role Of Childhood
Role Of Childhood One Of The Essential Conditions For The Perpetuation Of Civiliza Tion Is The Long Period Of Dependence Through Which The Human Child Must Pass Before It Gains Sufficient Bodily Strength And In Telligence To Achieve Merely Animal Self-sufficiency And Make Its Own Way. Without The Constant And ...

Roman Chronology
Roman - Chronology Roman Chronology Was In Antiquity Wholly Dependent Upon Greek Methods, And Hence Suffered From All The Drawbacks Of The Latter (see Chronology : Greek), Together With A Further One, Viz., The Scarcity And Untrustworthiness Of Native Documents. Working Along The Lines Of The Alexandrians, Several Roman Scholars, ...

Roman Literature
Roman Literature The Story Of Roman Literature Is A Comparatively Short One. Its Whole Lifetime Is Not Equal To That Single Epoch Of Greek Litera Ture Which We Call The Alexandrine Age. Again, While The Literature Of Greece Exhibits A Completely Independent Development, Roman Literature Is At Every Point Based ...

Rudolf Julius Emmanuel Clausius
Clausius, Rudolf Julius Emmanuel (1822— 1888), German Physicist, Was Born At Koslin, In Pomerania. After Attending The Gymnasium At Stettin, He Studied At Ber Lin University From 1840 To 1844. In 1848 He Took His Degree At Halle, And In 1850 Was Appointed Professor Of Physics In The Royal Artillery ...

Rufus Choate
Choate, Rufus (1799-1859), American Lawyer And Ora Tor, Was Born At Ipswich (mass.), On Oct. I, 1799. He Graduated As Valedictorian Of His Class At Dartmouth College In 1819, Was A Tutor There In 1819-20, Spent A Year In The Law School Of Harvard University, And Studied For A Like ...

Ruy Gonzalez De Clavijo
Clavijo, Ruy Gonzalez De (d. 1412), Spanish Traveller, Was Born In Madrid. On The Return Of The Embassy From The Court Of Timur, Henry Iii. Of Castille Sent Out Another, Which Included Clavijo. They Sailed From St. Mary Port, Near Cadiz, On May 22, 1403, Touched At The Balearic Isles, ...

Saint Christopher
Christopher, Saint (christophorus, Christoferus), Patron Saint Of Ferrymen, Is Honoured In The Latin Church On July 25 And In The Greek Church On May 9. He Appears To Have Been Born A Pagan In Syria, To Have Been Baptized By Babylas, Bishop Of Antioch; He Preached In Lycia And Was ...

Saint Clara
Clara, Saint F Oundress Of The Franciscan Nuns, Was Born Of A Knightly Family In Assisi In 1194. At Eighteen She Was So Impressed By A Sermon Of St. Francis That She Was Filled With The Desire To Devote Herself To The Kind Of Life He Was Leading. She Obtained ...

Saint Clotilda
Clotilda, Saint (d. 544) , Daughter Of The Burgundian King Chilperic, And Wife Of Clovis, King Of The Franks. On The Death Of Gundioc, King Of The Burgundians, In 473, His Sons Gundobald, Godegesil And Chilperic Divided His Heritage. At Lyons An Epitaph Has Been Discovered Of A Burgundian Queen, ...

Samuel Clarke
Clarke, Samuel English Philosopher And Divine, Son Of Edward Clarke, An Alderman, Who For Several Years Was Parliamentary Representative Of The City Of Norwich, Was Born On Oct. 11, 1675, And Educated At The Free School Of Norwich And At Caius College, Cambridge. The Philosophy Of Descartes Was The Reigning ...

Sea Attack
Sea Attack To Repel This, Naval Action Alone Must Be Ruled Out. A Fleet Can Not Have Its Freedom For Offence Crippled By Being Tied To The Mouths Of Harbours. Similarly Air Force Action Alone Must Be Ruled Out, Partly For The Same Reason As A Fleet And Partly Because ...

Sea Defence Works
Sea Defence Works The Most Important Forms Of Sea Defence Works In Common Use In Holland Are : (a) Groynes, (b) Sea Walls Or "dikes" And (c) Fascine Mattresses With Stone Ballasting For The Protection Of Submerged Banks. ...

Sir Andrew Clark
Clark, Sir Andrew (1826-1893), British Physician, Was Born At Aberdeen On Oct. 28, 1826, And Died In London On Nov. 6, 1893. After Studying At Aberdeen And Edinburgh He Showed Symptoms Of Tuberculosis And Joined The Navy Medical Department For The Sake Of The Sea Voyages. Actually He Served At ...

Sir Andrew Clarke
Clarke, Sir Andrew British Soldier And Administrator, Son Of Col. Andrew Clarke, Of Co. Donegal, Ireland, Governor Of West Australia, Was Born At Southsea, Eng Land, On July 27, 1824, And Educated At King's School, Canter Bury. He Entered The Army In 1844 As Second-lieutenant In The Royal Engineers. He ...

Sir Arthur Herbert Church
Church, Sir Arthur Herbert Brit Ish Chemist, Was Born On June 2, 1834, In London. He Was Edu Cated At The Royal College Of Chemistry In London And At Oxford. In 1863 He Was Appointed Professor Of Chemistry At The Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, And During This Period Church Studied ...

Sir Caspar Purdon Clarke
Clarke, Sir Caspar Purdon R ), English Art Expert, Was Born In London On Dec. 21, 1846, And Educated Privately At Sydenham And Boulogne. In 1862 He Was Trained As An Architect In The Art Schools At South Kensington. In 1865 He Entered The Office Of Works, And In 1867 ...

Sir Dugald Clerk
Clerk, Sir Dugald (1854-1932), Scottish Civil En Gineer, Was Born At Glasgow On March 31, 1854. He Was Educated At The West Of Scotland Technical College And The Andersonian College. He Invented The Clerk Cycle Gas Engine In 1877, Im Proving It In 1878 (see Gas Engine), And Became An ...

Sir Edward Codrington
Codrington, Sir Edward British Admiral, Entered The Navy In July 1783. He Served On The Ameri Can Station, In The Mediterranean, And At Home, Till He Was Pro Moted Lieutenant On May 28, 1783. Lord Howe Selected Him To Be Signal Lieutenant On The Flagship Of The Channel Fleet At ...

Sir Edward Coke
Coke, Sir Edward (1552-1634), English Judge, Was Born At Mileham In Norfolk On Feb. 1, 1552. He Was Educated At Norwich Grammar School And Trinity College, Cambridge, And In 1572 Entered The Inner Temple. He Was Called To The Bar In 1578, And The Next Year Was Chosen Reader Of ...

Sir Edward George Clarke
Clarke, Sir Edward George Eng Lish Lawyer And Politician, Son Of J. G. Clarke, Of Moorgate Street, London, Was Born On Feb. 15, 1841. In 1859 He Became A Writer In The India Office, But Resigned In The Next Year, And Became A Law Reporter. He Obtained A Tancred Law ...

Sir George Clausen
Clausen, Sir George ), English Painter, Born In London, The Son Of A Decorative Artist. He Attended The Design Classes At The South Kensington Schools From 1867-73 With Great Success. He Then Worked In The Studio Of Edwin Long, R.a., And Subsequently In Paris Under Bouguereau And Robert-fleury. His "girl ...

Sir George Cockburn
Cockburn, Sir George, (1772-1853), British Admiral, Second Son Of Sir James Cockburn, Bart., And Uncle Of Lord Chief Justice Cockburn, Entered The Navy In His Ninth Year. After Serving On The Home Station, And In The East Indies And The Mediterranean, He Assisted, As Captain Of The "minerve" At The ...

Sir Henry Clinton
Clinton, Sir Henry (c. 1738-1795), British General, Was The Son Of Admiral George Clinton (governor Of Newfound Land And Subsequently Of New York), And Grandson Of The 6th Earl Of Lincoln. After Serving In The New York Militia, He Came To England And Joined The Coldstream Guards. In 1758 He ...

Sir Henry Cole
Cole, Sir Henry (1808-1882), English Civil Servant, Was Born At Bath On July 15, 1808. He Was A Leading Member Of The Commission That Organized The Great Exhibition Of 1851, And Then Became Secretary To The School Of Design, Which Was Trans Ferred In 1853 Into The Department Of Science ...

Sir Hugh Clifford
Clifford, Sir Hugh, G.c.m.g.; G.b.e. (1866– ), British Colonial Governor, Son Of Maj.-gen. Sir H. H. Clifford, V.c., K.c.m.g., Was Born In London On March 5, 1866, And Was Educated At Woburn Park. In 1883 Clifford Passed Into The Malay States Civil Service, And, After Executing A Special Mission Towards ...

Sir James Cockle
Cockle, Sir James (1819-1895), English Lawyer, And Mathematician, Was Born On Jan. 14, 1819. He Was The Second Son Of James Cockle, A Surgeon, Of Great Oakley, Essex. Edu Cated At Charterhouse And Trinity College, Cambridge, He Entered The Middle Temple In 1838, Practising As A Special Pleader In 1845 ...

Sir John Coke
Coke, Sir John (1563-1644), English Politician, Was Born On March 5, 1563, And Was Educated At Trinity College, Cambridge. After Leaving The University He Entered Public Life As A Servant Of William Cecil, Lord Burghley, Afterwards Becom Ing Deputy Treasurer And Then A Commissioner Of The Navy. He Became M.p. ...

Sir Joseph William Chitty
Chitty, Sir Joseph William English Judge, Was Born In London. He Was The Second Son Of Thomas Chitty, A Celebrated Special Pleader And Writer Of Legal Text-books. Joseph Chitty Was Educated At Eton And Balliol College, Oxford, And Elected To A Fellowship At Exeter College. He Became A Member Of ...

Sir Richard Church
Church, Sir Richard (1784-1873), British Military Officer And General In The Greek Army, Was The Son Of A Quaker, Matthew Church Of Cork. He Was Born In 1784, And At The Age Of 16 Ran Away From Home And Enlisted In The Army. For This Violation Of Its Principles He ...

Sir Robert Christison
Christison, Sir Robert, Bart. (1797-1882), Scot Tish Toxicologist And Physician, Was Born In Edinburgh On July 18, 1797. He Studied In London Under John Abernethy And Sir William Lawrence, And In Paris, Under P. J. Robiquet And M. J. B. Orfila. In 1822 He Became Professor Of Medical Jurisprudence At ...

Sir Thomas Clanvowe
Clanvowe, Sir Thomas, English 14th Century Poet, Author Of The Cuckoo And The Nightingale, Long Attributed To Chaucer. Little Is Known Of Clanvowe, Whose Name Is Last Men Tioned In 1404. He Figured At The Courts Of Richard Ii. And Henry Iv., And Was One Of The 20 Knights Who ...

Sir Timothy Augustus Coghlan
Coghlan, Sir Timothy Augustus Australian Civil Servant, Second Son Of Thomas Coghlan, An Irish Roman Catholic, Was Born In Sydney And Educated At Sydney Grammar School. He Went Into Government Service In 1873, In The Public Works Department, And In 1884 Became Assistant Engineer Of Harbours And Rivers. In 1885 ...

Sir Valentine Chirol
Chirol, Sir Valentine (1852-1929), British Jour Nalist, Was Born On May 23, 1852, And Educated In France And Germany. He Graduated Bachelier-es-lettres Of The University Of Paris. From 1872 To 1876 He Was A Clerk In The Foreign Office And Afterwards Travelled Throughout The Near And Far East. He Suc ...

Sir William Henry Mahoney
Christie, Sir William Henry Mahoney (1845-1922), British Astronomer, Son Of Samuel Hunter Christie, Professor Of Mathematics At The Royal Military Academy, Wool Wich, Was Born At Woolwich On Oct. 1, 1845. He Was Educated At King's College School, London, And At Cambridge. In 187o Christie Was Appointed Chief Assistant To ...

Sir William Laird Clowes
Clowes, Sir William Laird Author And Journalist, Was Born At Hampstead, London, On Feb. I, 1856, The Son Of William Clowes, A Former Registrar In Chancery, And Died At St. Leonards-on-sea On Aug. 14, 1905. He Was Entered At Lincoln's Inn In 1877, But Was Never Called, And Began Journal ...

Sition And Varieties Chemical
Sition And Varieties; Chemical And Physical Characteristics Coal Is The Outcome Of A Process Of Transformation Whereby The Oxygen And Hydrogen Contained In The Woody Fibre And Other Vegetable Matter Are Eliminated In Proportionally Larger Quantity Than Carbon, So That The Percentage Of The Latter Element Is In Creased. This ...

Stanislas Marie Adelaide Clermont Tonnerre
Clermont-tonnerre, Stanislas Marie Adelaide, Comte De French Politician, Was Born At Pont-h-mousson On Oct. 1 O, 1757. Sent To The States General In 1789 By The Noblesse Of Paris, He Joined The Third Estate, And Was Elected President Of The Constituent Assembly On Aug. 17, 1789. On The Rejection By ...

Stephen Grover Cleveland
Cleveland, Stephen Grover President Of The United States From 1885 To 1889, And Again From 1893 To 1897, Was Born, The Fifth In A Family Of Nine Children, In Caldwell, Essex County, N.j., On March 18, 1837. His Father, Richard F. Cleveland, A Presbyterian Clergyman, Was A Descend Ant Of ...

Supplementary Information And
Supplementary Information And Bibliography.-for Fuller Infor Mation Upon The Details Of The Present Workings Of The Merit System In The Federal Service, Recourse Should Be Had To The Annual Reports And Other Publications Of The U.s. Civil Service Commission, Which Are To Be Found In The Public Libraries In All ...

Susannah Maria Libber
Libber, Susannah Maria (1714-1766), Wife Of T. Cibber, Was An Actress Of Distinction. She Was The Daughter Of A Covent Garden Upholsterer, And Sister Of Dr. Arne (1710-78) The Composer. Mrs. Cibber Had A Beautiful Voice And Began Her Career In Opera. She Was The Original Galatea In Handel's Acis ...

Talking And Thinking
Talking And Thinking What Has So Far Been Said Of The Recent Views Of Language Helps To Explain The Newer Interpretation Of The Old Terms Mind And Rea Son. These Seem To Be Processes, As We Have Seen, Rather Than Agents. They Are Ways Of Doing Things Rather Than Things ...

Temperate Zones
Temperate Zones The Designation "temperate" Is Appropriate For The Middle Latitudes Of The Southern Hemisphere And Of The Oceans And Western Coasts In The Northern Hemisphere, But Not For The Con Tinental Interiors And Eastern Coasts Of Asia And North America, For Which Koppen's Term "boreal" Is Better. The Temperate ...

The Ancient Church
The Ancient Church The Crucifixion Of Jesus Christ Resulted In The Scattering Of His Followers, But Within A Short Time They Became Convinced That He Had Risen From The Dead, And Would Soon Return To Set Up The Expected Messianic Kingdom, And So To Accomplish The True Work Of The ...

The Christian Church In
The Christian Church In The Middle Ages The Middle Ages Came Into Being At The Time When The Political Structure Of The World, Based Upon The Conquests Of Alexander The Great And The Achievements Of Julius Caesar, Began To Dis Integrate. They Were Present When The Believers In Mohammed Held ...

The Church Building
The Church Building It Is Generally Held That The Church, When Established As Part Of The Organization Of The Roman Empire, Adopted For Its Build Ings The Plan Of The Secular Basilica, And The Name Basilican Has Been Given To The Plan Consisting Of A Long Hall Or Nave With ...

The Church The Religious
The Church: The Religious Community The English Word "church" Represents The Greek Ikkarlcia (naturalized In Latin As Ecclesia) In Its Specifically Christian Use. Other Uses Of The Greek Word Shed No Light On This, And May Prove Misleading If Brought Into Comparison. As So Used, Its Earliest Appearance That We ...

The Cid
Cid, The (sid, Spanish Theth), Diaz De Bivar (d. 1099), The Favourite Hero Of Spain, And The Most Prominent Figure In Her Lit Erature. The Name, However, Is So Obscured By Fable As Scarcely To Belong To History. The Jesuit Masdeu Denies That He Existed, And This Heresy Has Not ...

The Clock In Decoration
The Clock In Decoration In Art The Clock Occupies A Position Of Considerable Distinction, And Antique Examples Are Prized And Collected As Much For The Decorative Qualities Of Their Cases As For The Excellence Of Their Timekeeping. French And English Cabinetmakers Have Especially Excelled, Although In Entirely Different Ways, In ...

The Clock Trade In
The Clock Trade In Great Britain The Consumption Of Clocks In Great Britain Is Enormous And It Is Very Largely Met By Importation From Abroad. In The 17th And I8th Centuries Clock-making Was Mainly Centred In England And France, But The Modern Output Of Low-priced Clocks Has Be Come Mainly ...

The District Of Chingleput
The District Of Chingleput Surrounds The City Of Madras, Stretching Along The Coast For About 115 Miles. The Administra Tive Headquarters Are At Saidapet. Area 2,824 Sq.m. Pop. (1921) Salt Is Extensively Manufactured Along The Coast, And Fishing Carried On. There Are Cotton And Silk Mills, Tanneries, Stone Quarries And ...

The District Of Coimbatore
The District Of Coimbatore Has An Area Of 7,225 Sq. Miles. It Is A Flat, Open Country, Hemmed In By Mountains On The North, West And South, But Opening Eastwards On To The Great Plain Of The Carnatic ; The Average Height Of The Plain Above Sea-level Is About Goo ...

The Literature Of Greece
The Literature Of Greece Commencing With Homer, Ancient Greek Literature May Be Considered As Extending Down To Justinian (a.d. 527), Thus Cover Ing A Period Of Something Like 14 Centuries. Within This Period It Is Usual To Distinguish (1) The Classical Period Extending From Homer To The Death Of Alexander ...

The Modern Church
The Modern Church The Issue In 1 564 Of The Canons Of The Council Of Trent Marks A Very Definite Epoch In The History Of The Christian Church. Up Till That Time, In Spite Of The Schism Of East And West And Of Innumerable Heresies, The Idea Of The Church ...

The Reclaiming Of The
The Reclaiming Of The Zuider Zee The Partial Reclamation Of The Zuider Zee, Undertaken By The Dutch Government In 1918, Is The Greatest Work Of Its Kind Ever Attempted. The Earliest Plans For Regaining The Submerged Lands Of The Zuider Zee Date From The I 7th Century, But It Was ...

The Torrid Zone
The Torrid Zone Climate And Weather.—climatic Features Here Are Simple And Uniform. Periodic Phenomena, Depending Upon The Daily And Annual March Of The Sun, Are Dominant ; Non-periodic Weather Changes Are Wholly Subordinate. In Special Regions Only, And At Special Seasons, Is The Regular Sequence Interrupted By An Occa Sional ...

The United States And
The United States And The British Dominions Save In Great Britain, There Is No Established Church Through Out The English-speaking Communities, Though The Relations Of The Churches To The State Are Everywhere Friendly. Bryce's Description Of The Situation In The United States Holds Good Throughout The British Dominions : The ...

The Uses Of China
The Uses Of China Owing To Its Acid And Heat Resisting Properties China Finds A Special Use In Chemical Industries. It Will Often Be Found In Large Industrial Concerns Where Cleanliness Is Of Great Importance. It Is Even Employed In Grinding—porcelain Balls Pound Materials In A Cylindrical Machine Known As ...

Theophilus Cibber
Cibber, Theophilus Colley Cibber's Son; Also An Actor And Playwright, Was Born On Nov. 26, 1703. In 1734 He Was Acting-manager At The Haymarket, And Later Played At Drury Lane, Lincoln's Inn Fields And Covent Garden. His Best Impersonation Was As Pistol, But He Also Distinguished Himself In Some Of ...

Therans Congregationalism Methodism
Therans ; Congregationalism ; Methodism ; Etc. ...

Thomas Chippendale
Chippendale, Thomas (c. The Most Fa Mous Of English Cabinet-makers, Was The Son Of John Chippen Dale, A Joiner Of Otley, Yorkshire. He Was Baptised At Otley On June 5, 1718. The Materials For The Biography Of Chippendale Are Scanty, But It Is Known That He Came To London When ...

Thomas Chubb
Chubb, Thomas English Deist, Was Born At East Harnham, Near Salisbury, On Sept. 29, 1679. The Son Of A Maltster, He Was Apprenticed To A Glove-maker And Subsequently Worked For A Tallow-chandler. Later He Lived For Some Years In The House Of The Master Of The Rolls, Sir Joseph Jekyll, ...

Thomas Churchyard
Churchyard, Thomas (c. 1520-1604), English Au Thor, Was Born At Shrewsbury. He Served In The Household Of Henry Howard, Earl Of Surrey, And In 1541 Became A Soldier Of Fortune. During The Next 3o Years He Fought In Almost Every Campaign In Ireland, Scotland And The Low Countries, Now In ...

Thomas Clark
Clark, Thomas (1801-1867), Scottish Chemist, Was Born At Ayr On March 31, 18oi, And Died At Glasgow On Nov. 27, 1867. He Was Professor Of Chemistry At Marischal College, Aber Deen, And Is Best Known For His Process For Softening Hard Waters And His Water Tests, Patented In 1841. ...

Thomas Clarkson
Clarkson, Thomas (176o-1846), English Anti-slavery Agitator, Was Born On March 28, 1760, In Wisbech, Cambs., The Son Of A Schoolmaster. He Was Educated At St. Paul's School And St. John's College, Cambridge. Clarkson Was First Drawn To The Subject Of Slavery By Reading Benezet's Historical Survey Of New Guinea (for ...

Thomas Clif Ford Clifford
Clifford Of Chudleigh, Thomas Clif Ford, Ist Baron (163o-1673), English Lord Treasurer, The Son Of Hugh Clifford Of Ugbrook, Near Exeter, Was Born On Aug. 1, 163o, Matriculated At Exeter College In 1647, And Entered The Middle Temple In 1648. He Represented Totnes In The Convention Parliament Of 166o And ...

Thomas Coke
Coke, Thomas (1747-1814), English Divine, The First Methodist Bishop, Was Born At Brecon, Where His Father Was A Well-to-do Apothecary. He Was Educated At Jesus College, Oxford, Taking The Degree Of M.a. In 177o And That Of D.c.l. In 1775. From 1772 To 1776 He Was Curate At South Petherton ...