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Radford's Cyclopedia of Construction, Vol 2: Practical Carpenter

Ad Ab
Ab, Ad In E And F. Make Gk Equal To Gh, And Join Ke, Kf ; And The Angle Ekf Is The Angle Of The Backing Of The Hip Rafter C. Fig. 150 Shows The Method Of Obtaining The Backing Of The Hip Where The Plan Is Not Right Angled. ...

Arches Centers Windowsand
Arches - Centers - Windows And Door-heads As It Is Also The Business Of The Carpenter To Prepare Patterns For Masons And Stone Cutters By Which They Are To Cut Stones To Fit Arches, And To Construct Centers For Windows, Door-heads, And Bridge Arches, As Well As The Falsework Used ...

Architectural Framing
Architectural Framing How To Lay Out A Gothic Ceiling. Fig. 250 Is A Sketch Of A Gothic Ceiling Over A Pulpit In A Church, 12 Feet Wide And 8 Feet In Depth. There Are Two Hips, Seven Main Arch Rafters, And Many Cripples. The Diagrams Show How To Develop The ...

Building Construction
Building Construction In The East, Spruce And Hemlock Are Commonly Used In The Framework Of Cottages, And Occasionally Oak In The Better Class Of Buildings. In The South And West, Other Materials Indigenous To The Par Ticular Locations Are Employed. Fig. 35 Shows The Use Of Shingles For The Exterior ...

Covering Of Roofs
Covering Of Roofs The Problem Of Covering A Roof Involves In Reality Two Separate Problems—first, Selection Of The Kind Of Material To Use (shingles, Slate, Tile, Tin, Etc.); Second, Proper Placing Of This Material. Choice Of Material Will Be Determined By Cost, Appearance, Durability, Fire Resistance, Etc. The Structural Application ...

Elements Of House Framing
Elements Of House Framing Use Of The Steel Square.—in House Construc Tion, As In Every Other Branch Of The Carpen Ter's Work, A Knowledge Of The Steel Square And Its Many Capabilities Is An Absolute Necessity. No Other Single Tool Displays Such Versatility Of Useful Application. The Subject Of The ...

Girders
Girders Fig. 58 Illustrates A Cellar Girder Of Six-inch By Eight-inch Yellow Pine Supported On A Twelve-inch By Twelve Inch Brick Pier With Bluestone Cap. The Floor Beams Are Let Into Girder To A Depth Of Four Inches. The Top Two Inches Of Beam Rests On Top Of Girder, Thus ...

Joinery
Joinery. The Term "joinery," Applied In A General Sense, Includes All The Finishings To The Carcass Of A Build Ing, Whether They Be External Or Internal, Such As Doors, Windows, Stairs, Skylights, And All Kinds Of Panelling,—in Fact, It May Be Said To Include Every Thing That Is Planed And ...

Joints Used In Framing
Joints Used In Framing Plate Ix Illustrates And Shows The Application Of The Principal Joints Used In Framing. Starting With The Main Sill, Fig. 44, The Method Of Jointing At The Corners Is Shown; The Joint Being Known As Angle Halving. The Corner Post And Studs Are Mortised Into Sill. ...

Method Of Shingling
Method Of Shingling. There Is An Unwritten Law That All Carpenters Know How To Shingle—much Better Than They Really Do. Our Observation Has Been That Shing Ling Is One Of The Most Important Matters In House Construction. In The Early Days A House Consisted Of Practically Nothing But A Roof ...

Miscellaneous Framing
Miscellaneous Framing Scaffold Brackets. A Scaffold Bracket That Is Handy, Safe, And Much Used By Carpenters Is Illustrated In Fig. 256. The Construction Is Very Simple And Is Plainly Shown By The Sketch. To Use It, First Take The Bracket And Set It Against The Wall, And Insert A Two-by-four ...

Mouldings
Mouldings We Now Touch Upon What May Be Called The Ornamental Side Of Carpentry Construction. Most Details That Concern This Side Of Our Subject Are Inheritances From The Ancient Greeks And Ro Mans Or The Later Creations Of Mediaeval And Renaissance Times Based Upon Them. Mouldings Are Extensively Used In ...

Placing Radiators
Placing Radiators Advantage Is Taken Of The Open Spaces Under The Stools To Hide The Radiators, Which Are More Or Less Unsightly. For Direct Radiation, The Radiator Is Simply Placed Within The Box And A Register Pro Vided In The Face Of The Panel Back, Through Which The Heat Passes. ...

Practical Carpentry
Practical Carpentry The Use Of Wood In Building Construction Antedates The Earliest Period Of Human History, And Has Coincided With The Entire Progress Of Our Race. Although In Some Types Of Modern Buildings—particularly Those Of The Industrial Class—wood Has Been Largely Supplanted By Stronger And More Durable Materials, Such As ...

Roofs And Roof Construction
Roofs And Roof Construction It Is Scarcely Necessary To Say That The Roof Of A Building Is That Covering Which Is To Pro Tect The Inhabitants And Their Property From The Effects Of The Weather, And That, In Addition To This, It Should Be So Constructed That It May Shelter ...

Stair Building
Stair Building On Account Of Its Prominence As A Feature Of Interior Design, And The Almost Continuous Prac Tical Use To Which It Is Put, The Stairway Ranks As One Of The Most Important Details In The Construc Tion Of Any Building. If Appropriately Designed, It Can Be Made A ...

Straps Joints
Joints, Straps, And Otherfastenings We Have Already Described The Principal Joints Used In Ordinary Framing. There Are Also A Considerable Number Of Joints In Which Advan Tage Is Taken Of Special Mechanical Aids, Either In The Way Of Cutting The Joint So As To Give A Special Arrangement Of Bearing ...

The Fireplace
The Fireplace A Fireplace When Properly Built Should Give A Fair Amount Of Heat With Ordinary Attention And Should Not Smoke. The Principal Points Of Construction Are First A Properly Constructed Throat Which Should Be Built Well To The Front And Directly Over The Center Of Fireplace. The Width Of ...

Walls Foundations
Foundations, Walls, Windows,framing, Joints, And Girders In Olden Times, It Required The Services Of Only A Few Men To Build A House. The Stone Mason Put Up The Foundations, Fireplace, And Chimney, And The Carpenter Did The Rest. Nowa Days, However, Almost All The Details Are Divided Among A Multitude' ...

Windows In Brick Walls
Windows In Brick Walls We Will Start A Consideration Of Double Hung Sash Frames In Brick Walls. Plate Xxiii Illustrates A Well Constructed Frame In A Thirteen-inch Wall; The Window Finishing With An Arch On The Outside And A Square Head On The Inside. Fig. 119 Is A Section Through ...

Windows In Frame Walls
Windows In Frame Walls Plate Xiv Illustrates The Construction Of A Double Hung Sash Window In A Frame Wall. It Is What Is Known As A Skeleton Frame Without A Ground Casing, And Is The Kind Of Window Frame That Is Used In The Cheapest Grade Of Work. Principal Among ...